CN105773572B - Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people - Google Patents

Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105773572B
CN105773572B CN201610319786.2A CN201610319786A CN105773572B CN 105773572 B CN105773572 B CN 105773572B CN 201610319786 A CN201610319786 A CN 201610319786A CN 105773572 B CN105773572 B CN 105773572B
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fuselage
open
close type
type blow
photovoltaic
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CN201610319786.2A
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CN105773572A (en
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陶永安
李红
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陶永安
李红
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J5/00Manipulators mounted on wheels or on carriages
    • B25J5/02Manipulators mounted on wheels or on carriages travelling along a guideway
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J11/00Manipulators not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J19/00Accessories fitted to manipulators, e.g. for monitoring, for viewing; Safety devices combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with manipulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J19/00Accessories fitted to manipulators, e.g. for monitoring, for viewing; Safety devices combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with manipulators
    • B25J19/02Sensing devices
    • B25J19/021Optical sensing devices
    • B25J19/023Optical sensing devices including video camera means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J9/00Programme-controlled manipulators
    • B25J9/16Programme controls
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/20Optical components
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to photovoltaic panels to clean maintenance technical field, more particularly, to a kind of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people, including:Fuselage, open-close type blow device and running gear;Two open-close type blow devices are separately positioned on the both sides of the fuselage, and lower end is rotatablely connected with fuselage, and open-close type blow device is enable to be rotated around the rotation connection position with fuselage;At least one air outlet, and internal fan are set on the lateral wall of open-close type blow device;The upper and lower ends in fuselage are arranged in running gear, and fuselage is enable to be moved back and forth along preset track;Hairbrush, the front setting fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel of fuselage is arranged in the back side of fuselage.Use retractable blow device, in the process of running, it can be according to the landing direction of accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel, retractable blow device is set to open to certain angle, substantially downward to blowing direction, have a good purging effect to the accumulated snow being difficult to clean off, removing rate reaches 99% or more, and it is at low cost, work efficiency is high.

Description

Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people
Technical field
The present invention relates to photovoltaic panels to clean maintenance technical field, more particularly, to a kind of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine People.
Background technology
Solar energy is more and more widely used as a kind of clean energy resource of green.Many countries are all in sunlight Solar plant has been built up in abundant area, to meet electricity consumption needs, and gradually replaces conventional power plants.
China is abundant one of the country of solar energy resources, and desert area reaches 1,080,000 square kilometres, is mainly distributed on light According to resourceful the Northwest, 1 square kilometre of area can install 100 megawatts of photovoltaic array, can generate electricity every year 1.5 hundred million degree; If developing and using 1% desert, so that it may be equivalent to China's annual power consumption in 2003 to send out.
Solar plant usually by be arranged large area photovoltaic array realize power generation, but the usual dust storm of desert area compared with Greatly, day and night temperature is also larger, and dust accumulation is easy in photovoltaic panel, and winter is easy accumulated snow.Dust accumulation or accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel, can all influence light Lie prostrate absorption efficiency of the plate to sunlight, it is therefore desirable to remove in time.
In current solar plant, Snow removing typically is dusted to photovoltaic panel by the way of hand sweeping, Labor intensity is big, and human cost is high and cleaning effect is poor.What some solar plants were rinsed or were sprayed using giant Water-washing method cleans photovoltaic panel, but this mode is only applicable to the more sufficient area in water source (such as Hainan), but to desert Water deficient regions is simultaneously not suitable for.And by the way of washing, builds and operation cost is higher, to lower solar energy of getting a profit now For power plant, it is difficult to bear.In addition, there are also the large-scale cleaning equipments of the profession that can clean photovoltaic panel currently on the market, but These equipment are generally more expensive, and operating cost and demand to use environment are also higher, it is difficult to meet making for domestic solar plant Use demand.
Invention content
It is existing in the prior art to solve the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people It is built in photovoltaic panel cleaning process and operation cost is high, efficiency is low and the technical issues of having a single function.
Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided by the invention, including:Fuselage, open-close type blow device and walking dress It sets;
Two open-close type blow devices are separately positioned on the both sides of the fuselage, and the open-close type blow device is Long tubular, lower end are rotatablely connected with the fuselage, and the open-close type blow device is enable to connect around the rotation with the fuselage Connect position rotation;
At least one axial direction along the open-close type blow device is arranged on the lateral wall of the open-close type blow device to set The air outlet set, and wind turbine is set in the open-close type blow device;
The back side upper and lower ends in the fuselage are arranged in the running gear, keep the fuselage past along preset track Multiple movement;
The back side of the fuselage is provided at least one set of and vertically arranged hairbrush of fuselage direction of travel, for cleaning The surface of photovoltaic panel;The front of the fuselage is provided with fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel, is each portion of the dedusting snow removal machine people Divide power unit power supply.
Open-close type blow device can be opened into certain angle according to the landing direction of accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel or dust accumulation, right The accumulated snow or dust accumulation that attachment is relatively strong, is difficult to clean off have good elimination effect;Hairbrush is coordinated to carry out the surface of photovoltaic panel simultaneously It cleans, improves and clean effect.Using the power supply of self-powered solar energy photovoltaic panel and accumulator, possess the function of self power generation, realizes The electricity needs of equipment itself.
Optionally, the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people further includes:It is arranged on the open-close type blow device The headlamp and camera for holding lateral wall, for observing on front side of the fuselage direction of travel and/or the case where rear side.
By headlamp and camera, can at any time observer robot operation front and back the case where, can be round-the-clock It runs within 24 hours, ensure that the generating efficiency in power station.
Optionally, also set up on the fuselage it is multiple have infrared temperature detection sensor, the fortune of photovoltaic panel can be detected Trip temperature and hot spot.
Photovoltaic panel is monitored in real time by infrared temperature detection sensor, can find the higher event of running temperature in advance Hinder hidden danger, prevents the major accident of photovoltaic panel spontaneous combustion.
Optionally, the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people further includes remote communication module, can pass through middle control electricity The remote control and information of each component on the open-close type blow device, the running gear and the fuselage are adopted in brain realization Collection.
By remote communication module, the fault detect to photovoltaic panel component, intelligent decision may be implemented and be accurately positioned, and And management and monitoring can be facilitated by self-test information and external environmental information real-time delivery to middle control computer.
Optionally, on the inside of the upper end of the open-close type blow device between the fuselage using clamping, be bonded or snapping Mode connect.
Optionally, it is connected by open-close type universal joint between the open-close type blow device and the fuselage, and is arranged and turns Dynamic motor, for driving the open-close type blow device to be rotated around the open-close type universal joint and being maintained at setting position.
Optionally, the maximum folding angle between the open-close type blow device and the fuselage is 50 °.
Optionally, the air outlet is flat structure, is arranged in the open-close type blow device close to the side of photovoltaic panel, And the air outlet is in tilted layout to the bottom end of the fuselage.
Optionally, the hairbrush is the reciprocating rotating brushes being arranged in shaft, direction of rotation and the fuselage Traffic direction is consistent.
Reciprocating rotating brushes is the spiral hairbrush using high molecular material, and bristle is softer, lower than the hardness of photovoltaic panel several A order of magnitude will not damage the tempered glass of photovoltaic plate surface, and being capable of forward or reverse.
Optionally, the lateral wall of the open-close type blow device is purged close to the setting of the position of photovoltaic panel along the open-close type The axially extending rubber scraping article of device, sweeps for the surface to photovoltaic panel.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Retractable blow device is used, in the process of running, can be according to the landing direction of accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel, making can Folding blow device is opened to certain angle, substantially downward to blowing direction, has good purging to the accumulated snow being difficult to clean off Effect;
Meanwhile bonding machine carries the hairbrush and rubber scraping article in face on the body, in photovoltaic panel dust accumulation or accumulated snow blown, scraped, The four removings action sweep, blown, to thoroughly remove the dust accumulation or accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel, removing rate reaches 99% or more;
Using remote control, allow the robot to automatic running, elimination effect is good, efficient, the speed of travel up to 15~ 20m/min, on 4 meters of wide photovoltaic modulies, sweep-out pattern hourly up to 3600~4800 ㎡, construction cost and operation at This is relatively low.By field test, which can greatly improve the power generation transfer efficiency 5%~15% of photovoltaic array, and can prolong The service life of long photovoltaic panel;
Shape simple and beautiful can be bonded with the apparent height of photovoltaic panel, photovoltaic panel not interfered in operational process just Often power generation.
Description of the drawings
It, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described, it should be apparent that, in being described below Attached drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor It puts, other drawings may also be obtained based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is main view of the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention when in photovoltaic panel Figure;
Fig. 2 is side view of the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention when in photovoltaic panel Figure;
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Technical scheme of the present invention is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described implementation Example is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained without making creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to Convenient for the description present invention and simplify description, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " is used for description purposes only, and is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be electrical connection to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, Ke Yishi Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.
Fig. 1 is main view of the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention when in photovoltaic panel Figure;Fig. 2 is side view of the photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention when in photovoltaic panel;Figure 3 be the internal structure schematic diagram of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people as shown in FIG. 1 to 3, including:Fuselage 100, the open-close type of the left and right sides Blow device 201 and 202 and upper running gear 301 and lower running gear 302.
Two open-close type blow devices 201 are identical with 202 structures, are symmetricly set on the left and right sides of fuselage 100.With right side Open-close type blow device 202 for, the open-close type blow device 202 on right side is long tubular, and lower end is universal by open-close type Section 2025 is rotatablely connected with fuselage 100, and open-close type blow device 202 is enable to be rotated around open-close type universal joint 2025.
Preferably, rotary electric machine is set at open-close type universal joint 2025, for driving open-close type blow device 202 to get around Box-like universal joint 2025 rotates and is maintained at setting position.
Preferably, on the inside of the upper end of open-close type blow device 201 and 202 between fuselage 100 using clamping, be bonded or detain The mode connect connects, and when robot is run, open-close type blow device 201 and 202 is disconnected relationship with fuselage 100, Make the folding angle between open-close type blow device 201 and 202 and fuselage 100 at 45 ° or so.
Still by taking the open-close type blow device 202 on right side as an example, it is arranged at least on the lateral wall of open-close type blow device 202 One air outlet 2021 being axially arranged along open-close type blow device 202, and set in the upper end of open-close type blow device 2021 Set wind turbine 2024.
Preferably, air outlet 2021 is flat structure, and one in open-close type blow device 202 close to photovoltaic panel 403 is arranged Side, and air outlet 2021 is in tilted layout to the bottom end of fuselage 100.
Open-close type blow device 201 and 202 can be opened into one according to the landing direction of accumulated snow in photovoltaic panel 403 or dust accumulation Fixed angle has good elimination effect to adhering to accumulated snow that is relatively strong, being difficult to clean off or dust accumulation.
Upper running gear 301 and lower running gear 302 are separately positioned on the back side upper and lower ends of fuselage 100, and upper walking Device 301 coordinates with 401 cooperation of upper rail, lower running gear 302 with lower railway 402, enables fuselage 100 along upper rail 401 Reciprocal walking movement is done with the extending direction of lower railway 402.
Wherein, photovoltaic panel 403 is mounted obliquely on holder 404, and upper rail 401 and lower railway 402 are separately positioned on light The upper and lower ends of plate 403 are lied prostrate, and are arranged along the extending direction of photovoltaic panel 403.
The back side of fuselage 100 is provided at least one set of and vertically arranged hairbrush 104 of 100 direction of travel of fuselage, for clear Sweep the surface of photovoltaic panel 403;The front of fuselage 100 is provided with fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel 101, is each of dedusting snow removal machine people Part power unit power supply.
Below to the knot of a kind of internal structure of preferred fuselage 100, upper running gear 301 and lower running gear 302 Structure is described in detail.
Fuselage 100 is rectangular babinet, is made of the good metal material of waterproof anti-corrosion performance, such as stainless steel.Fuselage Being arranged side by side in 100 has the 4th shaft 1054, the second shaft 1052, the first rotating shaft of the length direction extension along fuselage 100 1051 and third shaft 1053.Wherein, first gear 1061 and are respectively and fixedly connected in first rotating shaft 1051 and the second shaft 1052 Two gears 1062, and be attached by the first chain 1071 between first gear 1061 and second gear 1062, make first Shaft 1051 can rotate simultaneously with the second shaft 1052;It is respectively and fixedly connected with the 4th tooth in 4th shaft 1054 and third shaft 1053 Wheel 1064 and third gear 1063, and connected by the second chain 1072 between the 4th gear 1064 and third gear 1063 It connects, the 4th shaft 1054 is enable to be rotated simultaneously with third shaft 1053.
Also, the first motor 1031 and the second motor that setting is powered by fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel 101 in the fuselage 100 1032, wherein the output shaft of first motor 1031 is connect with first rotating shaft 1051, can drive first rotating shaft 1051 and second turn Axis 1052 rotates, and the output shaft of the second motor 1032 is connect with third shaft 1053, can drive third shaft 1053 and the 4th Shaft 1054 rotates.
It is provided with hairbrush 104 in first rotating shaft 1051 and the second shaft 1052.Preferably, hairbrush 104 is reciprocating rotation Turn hairbrush, using the spiral hairbrush of high molecular material, bristle is softer, and several orders of magnitude lower than the hardness of photovoltaic panel 403 will not damage The tempered glass of bad photovoltaic plate surface, and can be with 1052 forward or reverse of first rotating shaft 1051 or the second shaft, rotation side To consistent with the traffic direction of fuselage 100.
Upper 3011 He of running gear driving wheel is respectively set in the upper and lower ends of the 4th shaft 1054 and third shaft 1053 Lower running gear driving wheel 3021, and it is driven in upper running gear 301 and lower running gear 302 upper running gear to be respectively set Wheel 3012 and lower running gear driven wheel 3022.Wherein, upper running gear driving wheel 3011 and lower running gear driving wheel 3021 Direction it is vertical with photovoltaic panel 403, the direction and photovoltaic of upper running gear driven wheel 3012 and lower running gear driven wheel 3022 Plate 403 is parallel.To be matched with upper rail 401 by upper running gear driving wheel 3011, upper running gear driven wheel 3012 Conjunction and the cooperation of lower running gear driving wheel 3021, lower running gear driven wheel 3022 and lower railway 402, can make fuselage 100 can stick on the surface of photovoltaic panel 403, and can move reciprocatingly along the extending direction of upper rail 401 and lower railway 402.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the upper end lateral wall in open-close type blow device 201 and 202 is also respectively set Headlamp and camera, such as the headlamp 2022 and camera 2023 on right side open-close type blow device 202, for observing machine The case where 100 direction of travel of body front side and/or rear side, and (such as sleet, dust storm, night can be run within round-the-clock 24 hours Under weather conditions), it ensure that the generating efficiency in power station.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, being also set up on fuselage 100 multiple has infrared temperature detection sensor, energy Enough detect the running temperature and hot spot of photovoltaic panel.Photovoltaic panel is monitored in real time by infrared temperature detection sensor, Neng Gouti The preceding potential faults for finding that running temperature is higher, prevent the major accident of photovoltaic panel spontaneous combustion.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is additionally provided with self-checking unit in fuselage 100, each component can be detected in real time Working condition it is whether normal.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is additionally provided with remote communication module in fuselage 100, the remote communication module It can be by fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel 101, camera 2023, infrared temperature detection sensor, self-checking unit and other biographies The collected data of sensor and image information are transferred to middle control computer, the fortune for intelligent robot and the photovoltaic panel 403 of removing the snow to dedusting Row state is monitored in real time, is filled to open-close type blow device 201 and 202, upper walking meanwhile, it is capable to be realized by middle control computer The other component set on 301, lower running gear 302, hairbrush 104 and fuselage 100 carries out remote control, realizes human-computer interaction.
Control panel 102 can also be set on fuselage 100, to realize the manual behaviour for the intelligent robot that removes the snow to dedusting Control.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, in the lateral wall of open-close type blow device 201 and 202 close to photovoltaic panel 403 Position, the axially extending rubber scraping article along open-close type blow device 201 or 202 is set, for the surface of photovoltaic panel 403 It is swept.
When work, the mode that right place may be used starts, can also manual site or long-range startup as needed.
Dedusting snow removal machine people is initially positioned in the one of photovoltaic panel 403 (row's photovoltaic panel is usual tens meters to hundreds of meters long) End does not influence the normal power generation of photovoltaic panel 403, and is generated electricity by fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel 101, is stored in standby in accumulator With.After startup, the second motor 1032 starts, running gear driving wheel 3011 and the rotation of lower running gear driving wheel 3021 in driving Turn, fuselage 100 is made to walk along upper rail 401 and lower railway 402;Meanwhile open-close type blow device 201 and 202 takes off with fuselage 100 From connection, is opened to both sides to certain angle, blower fan work, the surface of photovoltaic panel 403 is purged, first motor 1031 opens Dynamic, band electric brush 104 rotates, and is cleaned to the surface of photovoltaic panel 403.It is provided on open-close type blow device 201 and 202 When rubber scraping article, with the operation of fuselage 100, rubber scraping article can also sweep the surface of photovoltaic panel 403, i.e., to photovoltaic Four removings action that dust accumulation or accumulated snow on plate 403 are successively blown, scraped, swept, blown, to thoroughly remove in photovoltaic panel Dust accumulation or accumulated snow, removing rate reach 99% or more.
When dedusting snow removal machine people runs to the tail end of photovoltaic panel 403, first machine 1031 and the second motor 1032 are anti- Turn, makes 100 inverted running of fuselage, and hairbrush 104 reversely rotates, realize the reversed walking of dedusting snow removal machine people.
After cleaning, dedusting snow removal machine people returns to certain side of photovoltaic panel 403, open-close type blow device 201 and 202 Rotating closed, waiting starts next time.
The dedusting snow removal machine people speed of travel is hourly on 4 meters of wide photovoltaic modulies up to 15~20m/min For sweep-out pattern up to 3600~4800 ㎡, construction cost and operation cost are relatively low.By field test, which can substantially carry The power generation transfer efficiency 5%~15% of high photovoltaic array, and the service life of photovoltaic panel can be extended.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention., rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:Its according to So can with technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified, either to which part or all technical features into Row equivalent replacement;And these modifications or replacements, various embodiments of the present invention technology that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The range of scheme.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people, which is characterized in that including:Fuselage, open-close type blow device and walking Device;
Two open-close type blow devices are separately positioned on the both sides of the fuselage, and the open-close type blow device is long cylinder Shape, lower end are rotatablely connected with the fuselage, enable the open-close type blow device around the rotation connection position with the fuselage Set rotation;
At least one being axially arranged along the open-close type blow device is set on the lateral wall of the open-close type blow device Air outlet, and wind turbine is set in the open-close type blow device;
The back side upper and lower ends in the fuselage are arranged in the running gear, and the fuselage is enable back and forth to be transported along preset track It is dynamic;
The back side of the fuselage is provided at least one set of and vertically arranged hairbrush of fuselage direction of travel, for cleaning photovoltaic The surface of plate;The front of the fuselage is provided with fuselage solar energy photovoltaic panel, is that each section of the dedusting snow removal machine people is used Electric unit is powered;
Further include:Headlamp and camera in open-close type blow device upper end lateral wall is set, it is described for observing The case where fuselage direction of travel front side and/or rear side;
The air outlet is flat structure, is arranged in the open-close type blow device close to the side of photovoltaic panel, and the outlet air Mouth is in tilted layout to the bottom end of the fuselage.
2. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided on the fuselage Multiple infrared temperature detection sensors can detect the running temperature and hot spot of photovoltaic panel.
3. according to claim 1~2 any one of them photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people, which is characterized in that further include remote Journey communication module can be realized by middle control computer on the open-close type blow device, the running gear and the fuselage Each component remote control and information collection.
4. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the open-close type blow device Upper end on the inside of between the fuselage using be clamped, be bonded or snapping by the way of connect.
5. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the open-close type blow device It is connect by open-close type universal joint between the fuselage, and rotary electric machine is set, for driving the open-close type blow device It is rotated around the open-close type universal joint and is maintained at setting position.
6. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the open-close type blow device Maximum folding angle between the fuselage is 50 °.
7. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hairbrush is that setting is turning Reciprocating rotating brushes on axis, direction of rotation are consistent with the traffic direction of the fuselage.
8. photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the open-close type blow device Lateral wall close to the setting of the position of photovoltaic panel along the axially extending rubber scraping article of the open-close type blow device, for light The surface of volt plate is swept.
CN201610319786.2A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Photovoltaic intelligent dedusting snow removal machine people Active CN105773572B (en)

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