CN204517742U - The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array - Google Patents

The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204517742U
CN204517742U CN201420744100.0U CN201420744100U CN204517742U CN 204517742 U CN204517742 U CN 204517742U CN 201420744100 U CN201420744100 U CN 201420744100U CN 204517742 U CN204517742 U CN 204517742U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
brush
electric machine
traction electric
bar shaped
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420744100.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王珊
高德东
孟广双
辛元庆
Original Assignee
青海大学
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 青海大学 filed Critical 青海大学
Priority to CN201420744100.0U priority Critical patent/CN204517742U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204517742U publication Critical patent/CN204517742U/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device: comprise framework, slide block, guide rail, compound bar shaped brush, pressure sensor, disc brush, disc brush drive motors, traction electric machine, and drum.When dust accumulation on cell panel to a certain extent time, send signal by single-chip microcomputer to traction electric machine, traction electric machine drive drum rotate, the steel wire rope on drum is connected with dedusting mechanism.Under the drive of steel wire rope, whole device is moved along tractive effort direction by guide rail, and disk drive motors drives disc brush to rotate simultaneously, destroys the heterogeneous microstructure of solar panel surface dirt, so that the dedusting more thoroughly of compound bar shaped brush.The utility model can according to the surrounding enviroment of solar panel dust stratification degree and photo-voltaic power generation station, flexible change timing parameters.Timing one arrives, and device cleans cell panel surface automatically.This plant energy consumption is relatively low, can replace the dedusting work manually having carried out large-sized photovoltaic array, and its structure is simple, with low cost, and stability is strong, is particularly suitable for the dedusting work in the large-sized photovoltaic power station that water resources is poor, labour is in short supply.

Description

The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of dust cleaning apparatus of solar panel array.
Background technology
In recent years, in new energy development process, solar energy power generating is widely used.In whole solar photovoltaic generation system, solar panel belongs to one of core component, if solar panel array surface is coverd with the foreign material such as sandy soil and can be reduced its photoelectric conversion efficiency thus the usefulness affecting whole solar photovoltaic generation system, research shows that dirt battery panel components is covered as cleaned for a long time in surface, and cell panel generating efficiency will reduce about 15%--20%.Photo-voltaic power generation station large-scale is now usually located at desert belt, due to cleaning means backwardness relatively, the work difficulty of photovoltaic array periodic cleaning is larger, therefore studies efficient clean technologies and equipment to reducing photovoltaic generation cost, improves dedusting operating efficiency and has extremely important realistic meaning.Current domestic existing clean technologies are mainly for monolithic solar panel, clean and be limited in scope, cost is higher, and specially for the cleaner of photovoltaic array exploitation, use has again many defects, and as the high-pressure water jet cleaning device of development, its automaticity is high, but rinse the waste caused with a large amount of water, the dedusting for Desert Area water resources photovoltaic plant more in short supply is very inconvenient.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device, can overcome the above problems.
According to a kind of guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device of the utility model, its feature comprises dust cleaning apparatus and single-chip computer control system; Dust cleaning apparatus comprises framework, guide rail, compound bar shaped brush, disc brush, disk drive motors, traction electric machine, slide block, and drum; Compound bar shaped brush, disc brush is arranged on framework respectively, before wherein disc brush is contained in compound bar shaped brush; Disc brush drive motors is fixed on the shelf between compound bar shaped brush and disc brush, is rotated by chain drive disc brush; Guide rails assembling at solar panel array two ends, for guiding; Traction electric machine is positioned at solar panel array side, and drive wire dribbling is moved whole device and done linear running along guide rail on cell panel surface.Single-chip computer control system comprises pressure sensor, traction electric machine control module, warning system.Described pressure sensor is installed between compound bar shaped brush and framework, for measuring the pressure on brush and solar panel surface.Described traction electric machine control module is for controlling start by set date and the stopping of traction electric machine.Described warning system is used for annunciator fault, and can warn anxious braking, safeguards system safety.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view after the utility model is installed;
Fig. 2 is photovoltaic array schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is cleaning device detailed structure view;
Fig. 4 is the hardware module composition of single-chip computer control system;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described further:
Fig. 1 is the perspective view after the utility model is installed.
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: framework 1, guide rail 2, compound bar shaped brush 3, disc brush 4, disk drive motors 5, traction electric machine 6, slide block 7, pressure sensor 9, traction electric machine control module 10.
Shown in accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the utility model comprises dust cleaning apparatus and single-chip computer control system; Dust cleaning apparatus comprises framework 1, guide rail 2, compound bar shaped brush 3, disc brush 4, disk drive motors 5, traction electric machine 6, slide block 7, and drum 8; Described compound bar shaped brush 3, disc brush 4 is separately positioned on framework 1, before wherein disc brush 4 is contained in compound bar shaped brush 3.Described disc brush drive motors 5 is fixed on framework, is rotated by chain drive disc brush 4.Described guide rail 2 is arranged on solar panel array two ends, for guiding.Described traction electric machine 6 is positioned at solar panel array side, drives drum 8 to drive whole device to do linear running along guide rail 2 on cell panel surface.Single-chip computer control system comprises pressure sensor 9, traction electric machine control module, warning system.Described pressure sensor 9 is installed between compound bar shaped brush 3 and framework 1, for measuring the pressure on brush and solar panel surface.Described traction electric machine control module 10 is for controlling start by set date and the stopping of traction electric machine 6.Described warning system 11 for annunciator fault, and can warn anxious braking, safeguards system safety.
Fig. 2 is photovoltaic array schematic diagram.
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: warning system 11, and described warning system 11 for annunciator fault, and can warn anxious braking, safeguards system safety.
Fig. 3 is cleaning device detailed structure view;
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: compound bar shaped brush 3, disc brush 4, disk drive motors 5, slide block 7, pressure sensor 9.
Described compound bar shaped brush is made up of plastics bristle, sponge, cotton three kinds of materials, if there is mild wear, causes dust removing effects not good, and the force value on adjustable itself and solar panel surface, if serious wear, can directly change.
Described transmission device utilizes the part such as sprocket wheel, chain.
Described solar panel is square, and solar panel arrangements mode is coplanar, the photovoltaic array that is obliquely installed of polylith composition.
Fig. 4 is the hardware module composition of single-chip computer control system;
During use, the utility model can be arranged on photovoltaic array surface, concrete implementation step: two guide rails 2 are installed in parallel in shelf two ends by corresponding jockey, the height adjustable on its distance cell panel surface; The compound bar shaped brush 3 of cleaning device, disc brush 4 and cell panel surface contact, cell panel surface, to its supporting role of whole device, framework is fixed with 6 slide blocks, and device can smooth sliding on guide rail 2 by slide block; Traction electric machine 6 is horizontal, is arranged on the support of photovoltaic permutation side; Other structure installment forms are specifically shown in accompanying drawing.
Control mode of the present utility model is divided into control and Non-follow control automatically, automatic control is both by the start and stop of Automatic control of single chip microcomputer device, and dedusting cycle of device can test setting (can by different time setting) in advance according to its place atmospheric environment; The next start and stop with timed unit of physical button, switch can be utilized; Two kinds of control modes combine, and while meeting clean requirement, the operating state of removing control device that again can be artificial according to actual conditions, conveniently better completes dedusting work.

Claims (3)

1. a guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device, its feature comprises dust cleaning apparatus and single-chip computer control system; Dust cleaning apparatus comprises framework (1), guide rail (2), compound bar shaped brush (3), disc brush (4), disc brush drive motors (5), traction electric machine (6), slide block (7), drum (8); Described compound bar shaped brush (3), disc brush (4) is separately positioned on framework (1), and wherein disc brush (4) and compound bar shaped brush (3) are installed together; Described disc brush drive motors (5) is fixed on framework, is rotated by chain drive disc brush (4); Described guide rail (2) is arranged on solar panel array two ends, for guiding; Described traction electric machine (6) is arranged on solar panel array, drives drum (8) to drive whole device to do linear running along guide rail (2) on cell panel surface; Single-chip computer control system comprises pressure sensor (9), traction electric machine control module (10), warning system; Described pressure sensor (9) is installed between compound bar shaped brush (3) and framework (1), for measuring the pressure on brush and solar panel surface; Described traction electric machine control module is for controlling start by set date and the stopping of traction electric machine (6); Described warning system is used for annunciator fault, and can warn anxious braking, safeguards system safety.
2. one according to claim 1 guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device, is characterized in that: compound bar shaped brush is formed by plastics bristle, sponge, cotton three kinds of combinations of materials.
3. one according to claim 1 guide tracked solar panel array timing dusting device, is characterized in that: the transmission device of whole system is chain and sprocket wheel.
CN201420744100.0U 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array CN204517742U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420744100.0U CN204517742U (en) 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420744100.0U CN204517742U (en) 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 The regular dust cleaning apparatus of a kind of guide tracked solar panel array

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204517742U true CN204517742U (en) 2015-07-29

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CN (1) CN204517742U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105127166A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-09 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Walking module and photovoltaic module cleaning device with same
CN105539623A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-04 林根弟 General photovoltaic robot
CN105598053A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-25 徐利明 General photovoltaic robot
CN105610396A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-25 徐利明 Universal photovoltaic robot
CN105642571A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 徐利明 Universal photovoltaic robot
CN106385220A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 常州元乾智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station multifunctional intelligent management method and system
CN108988772A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-12-11 苏州卓诚钛设备有限公司 A kind of cleaning system of continuous wash single shaft photovoltaic panel
CN109047054A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-12-21 安徽旭能电力股份有限公司 A kind of surfacecti proteon device of solar energy light collecting plate

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105127166A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-09 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Walking module and photovoltaic module cleaning device with same
CN105539623A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-04 林根弟 General photovoltaic robot
CN105598053A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-25 徐利明 General photovoltaic robot
CN105610396A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-25 徐利明 Universal photovoltaic robot
CN105642571A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 徐利明 Universal photovoltaic robot
CN106385220A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 常州元乾智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station multifunctional intelligent management method and system
CN109047054A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-12-21 安徽旭能电力股份有限公司 A kind of surfacecti proteon device of solar energy light collecting plate
CN108988772A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-12-11 苏州卓诚钛设备有限公司 A kind of cleaning system of continuous wash single shaft photovoltaic panel

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150729

Termination date: 20161203

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee