CN105964585A - Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels - Google Patents

Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105964585A
CN105964585A CN201610429395.6A CN201610429395A CN105964585A CN 105964585 A CN105964585 A CN 105964585A CN 201610429395 A CN201610429395 A CN 201610429395A CN 105964585 A CN105964585 A CN 105964585A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dolly
framework
cleaning
guide rail
solar energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201610429395.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张庆海
张庆国
赵家宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610429395.6A priority Critical patent/CN105964585A/en
Publication of CN105964585A publication Critical patent/CN105964585A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/32
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels. The multifunctional cleaning system comprises the solar panels, wherein a framework trolley is arranged on each solar panel; a cleaning trolley which moves along each framework trolley is arranged on each framework trolley; a plurality of rows of cleaning hairbrushes are mounted on each cleaning trolley; the cleaning hairbrushes extend to the outside of the upper side and the lower side of each cleaning trolley; the upper surface and the lower surface at the upper end and the lower end of each framework trolley are separately provided with steering slide wheels symmetrically; the upper surface and the lower surface at the upper end and the lower end of each framework trolley are symmetrically provided with supporting wheels on the side end surface of each solar panel and power wheels on the upper surface of each solar panel; the steering slide wheels are arranged in guide rails; the guide rails comprise transfer guide rails and steering guide rails; the transfer guide rails are arranged between the same row of two adjacent solar panels; and the steering guide rails are arranged between two adjacent rows of solar panels at the outmost ends. The multifunctional cleaning system has the beneficial effects that: single solar cleaning device continuously and automatically cleans a plurality of rows of solar panels, so that cost is saved, control is convenient, and operation is reliable and safe.

Description

Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system
(1) technical field
The invention belongs to solar panel cleaning technology field, clean system particularly to a kind of multifunctional solar energy battery plate System.
(2) background technology
The challenge brought in the face of Global climate change and the problem of energy security, human needs seeks regenerative resource, and too Sun can be exactly a kind of cleaning, the reproducible energy.Along with the reduction of cost for solar power generation, photovoltaic industry enters one entirely New era of ball development.And solar panel is the root that solar power station produces electric energy, photovoltaic module conversion solar energy Efficiency directly decides the generated energy of solar power station.The ground light overhead utility of China is concentrated mainly on the Northwest, these ground District's solar energy resources is the abundantest, and annual sunshine reaches more than 3200 hours, but the natural environment of the Northwest is relatively more severe, especially It is season in spring and autumn sandstorm weather can bring substantial amounts of dirty dirt to photovoltaic module surface, had a strong impact on the generating of photovoltaic module Efficiency, generally, for the solar module not having cleaning in 3 months, has the output loss of 5%, and Solar module under being positioned at adverse circumstances is in the case of 20 days not cleaning, and the big appointment of loss reaches 12%.
At present, for the dedusting of photovoltaic plant, take the cleaning programs such as artificial, giant, spray system respectively.Manually Cleaning cleaning efficiency is low, and peopleware difference causes that cleaning process is wayward, cleaning effect concordance is poor, has assembly glass Abrasion, affects light transmittance and life-span: giant water for cleaning amount is big, and the water consumption that 1MW cleans every time about 10 tons is not suitable for Water-deficient area, some hydraulic giant pressure is relatively big, can cause assembly crackle, and the power station, mountain region being not suitable for vehicle traveling cannot be applied;Spray Drenching cleaning systems effect bad, water consumption is relatively big, the water consumption that 1MW cleans every time about 6~7 tons.
The device of existing disclosed automated cleaning solar panel, often can only clean a row and connect into the sun of a group Energy cell panel, the particularly automatic cleaning apparatus of large-sized solar power plant, it is impossible to realize device multiple rows of continuous print automatic cleaning, general All over being that a lot of platform is used together, automaticity is the highest, in-convenience in use, operation complexity, clearing apparatus fault rate is high, runs State can not find in time, have impact on the cleaning effect of cleaning device.
(3) summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that difference row's solar panel can be carried out the most clear by one Sweep, be easy to control, cost-effective multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system, including solar panel, is characterized in that: described solar panel Being provided with framework dolly, framework dolly is provided with the cleaning dolly moved along framework dolly, cleans and is provided with some rows on dolly Brush sweeper, brush sweeper stretches out outside the cleaning upper and lower both sides of dolly, and the upper and lower surface at the two ends up and down of framework dolly is the most right Claiming to be provided with angle pulley, the upper and lower surface at the upper and lower two ends of framework dolly is respectively symmetrically to be provided with and is placed in solar panel side end face Supporting wheel and be placed in the power wheel of solar panel upper surface, angle pulley is placed in guide rail, guide rail include shifting guide rail and Turning to guide rail, transfer guide rail is placed between adjacent two solar panels of same row, turns to guide rail to be placed in adjacent two row's outermost end Two solar panels between.
The described upper and lower two side ends of framework dolly is respectively equipped with the position-limited wheel being positioned at outside guide rail.
The upper and lower surface of described framework dolly is arranged with some groups of auxiliary bogie wheels.
The two ends up and down of described cleaning dolly are connected with the two ends of hawser respectively, and hawser is around in the upper and lower two ends of framework dolly Pulley on, often row brush sweeper side be separately installed with gear, gear is placed on ratch.
Described angle pulley, pulley and power wheel are driven by power motor, and framework dolly upper and lower surface is arranged with the sun Motility battery, framework dolly is provided with accumulator.
The described upper and lower two ends of cleaning dolly and the upper and lower two ends of framework dolly are correspondingly provided with reverse induction contact point respectively.
Described framework dolly two ends and solar panel two ends are correspondingly provided with location contact point, framework dolly one end with too Sun can be correspondingly provided with charging contact in cell panel one end.
On described framework dolly, switch board is installed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this clearing apparatus is two-sided all can be cleaned, can carry out same by connecting guide rail Automatic transfer between row's different lines, difference row's solar panel, separate unit solar energy clearing apparatus can be uninterrupted automatic continuously Clean multiple rows of solar panel, saved cost, it is simple to control, run relatively reliable safety.
(4) accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 3 is that schematic diagram arranged by the guide rail of the present invention;
In figure, 1 solar panel, 2 framework dollies, 3 clean dolly, 4 brush sweepers, 5 angle pulleies, and 6 support wheel, 7 power Wheel, 8 guide rails, 9 transfer guide rails, 10 turn to guide rail, 11 position-limited wheels, 12 auxiliary bogie wheels, 13 hawsers, 14 pulleys, 15 gears, 16 teeth Bar, 17 power motors, 18 solar power batteries, 19 accumulator, 20 reverse induction contact points, 21 location contact points, 22 chargings Contact point, 23 switch boards.
(5) detailed description of the invention
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.This embodiment includes solar panel 1, and solar panel 1 sets There are framework dolly 2, framework dolly 2 to be provided with the cleaning dolly 3 moved along framework dolly 2, clean, on dolly 3, some rows are installed Brush sweeper 4, brush sweeper 4 stretches out outside cleaning dolly about 3 both sides, and the upper and lower surface at the two ends up and down of framework dolly 2 divides Not being arranged with angle pulley 5, the upper and lower surface at framework dolly about 2 two ends is respectively symmetrically to be provided with and is placed in solar panel 1 Supporting of side end face is taken turns 6 and is placed in the power wheel 7 of solar panel 1 upper surface, and angle pulley 5 is placed in guide rail 8, guide rail 8 Including shifting guide rail 9 and turning to guide rail 10, transfer guide rail 9 is placed between adjacent two solar panels 1 of same row, turns to guide rail Between 10 two solar panels 1 being placed in adjacent two row's outermost end.Framework dolly about 2 two side ends is respectively equipped with to be positioned to be led Position-limited wheel 11 outside rail 8.The upper and lower surface of framework dolly 2 is arranged with some groups of auxiliary bogie wheels 12.Clean the upper and lower of dolly 3 Two ends with hawser 13 respectively, two ends are connected, and hawser 13 is around on the pulley 14 at framework dolly about 2 two ends, often clears brooming Brush 4 side is separately installed with gear 15, and gear 15 is placed on ratch 16.Angle pulley 5, pulley 14 and power wheel 7 are by power current Machine 17 drives, and framework dolly 2 upper and lower surface is arranged with solar power battery 18, and framework dolly 2 is provided with accumulator 19. Clean dolly about 3 two ends and be correspondingly provided with reverse induction contact point 20 respectively with framework dolly about 2 two ends.2 liang of framework dolly End and solar panel 1 two ends are correspondingly provided with location contact point 21, framework dolly 2 one end and solar panel 1 one end pair Charging contact 22 should be provided with.Switch board 23 is installed on framework dolly 2.
Use the multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system of the present invention, complete the clear of (group) solar panel 1 After sweeping, power motor 17 drives angle pulley 5 to continue along transfer guide rail 9 next (group) solar panel 1 of arrival that continues to move ahead Continuous cleaning, such clearing apparatus has got final product the cleaning of solar panel 1 in a row.When clearing apparatus has cleaned an entire row After solar panel 1, angle pulley 5 can be along turning to guide rail 10 to advance under the drive of power motor 17, simultaneously can top and bottom Upset, because clearing apparatus upper and lower surface is arranged with support wheel 6, power wheel 7, auxiliary bogie wheel 12, and brush sweeper about 4 Two sides is exposed independent from cleaning outside dolly 3, and after the most whole framework dolly 2 turns over, two sides is the same, can also continue to next Row's solar panel 1 cleans, and so moves in circles.For different solar panel gradients, position-limited wheel 11 exists Safety can be ensured outside guide rail 8.
Using the multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system of the present invention, power motor 17 band movable pulley 14 rotates, and then Drive hawser 13 to rotate, thus drive cleaning dolly 3 to move up and down, clean dolly 3 and move so that gear 15 acts at ratch 16 Lower passive rotation, rotating of gear 15 drives brush sweeper 4 to rotate the cleaning to solar panel 1.When cleaning dolly 3 When arriving upper end or the lower end of framework dolly 2, clean dolly 3 and contact with the reverse induction contact point 20 of framework dolly 2, switch board 23 receive signal makes power motor 17 rotate backward.After completing the cleaning of a section, power motor 17 drives power wheel 7 to walk forward To next section of position to be cleaned, repeat as above action.Also framework dolly 2 can be made left while allowing cleaning dolly about 3 clean Move right.The sustainable generating of solar power battery 18 is powered motor 17, during accumulator 19 electricity deficiency, and can be little by framework Car 2 moves to solar panel 1 side, is positioned by location contact point 21, is then entered it by charging contact 22 Row charging, so without self-powered line etc., and will not damage with cleaning dolly 3 and the movement of framework dolly 2 because of power line Solar panel 1.Auxiliary bogie wheel 12 can reduce the local pressure to solar panel 1, prevents solar panel 1 from going out Existing deformed damaged.The control of the most controlled cabinet of charging 23 of framework dolly 2 and the operation of cleaning dolly 3 and battery.
Use the multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system of the present invention, automated system can be coordinated, it is achieved be full-automatic Run and backstage shows.

Claims (8)

1. a multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system, including solar panel (1), is characterized in that: described solar energy Cell panel (1) is provided with framework dolly (2), and framework dolly (2) is provided with the cleaning dolly (3) along framework dolly (2) movement, clearly Sweeping and be provided with some row's brush sweepers (4) on dolly (3), brush sweeper (4) stretches out outside cleaning dolly (3) both sides up and down, frame The upper and lower surface at the two ends up and down of frame dolly (2) is respectively symmetrically and is provided with angle pulley (5), framework dolly (2) up and down two ends upper Lower two sides is respectively symmetrically to be provided with and is placed in support wheel (6) of solar panel (1) side end face and is placed on solar panel (1) The power wheel (7) on surface, angle pulley (5) is placed in guide rail (8), and guide rail (8) includes shifting guide rail (9) and turning to guide rail (10), transfer guide rail (9) is placed between adjacent two solar panels of same row (1), turns to guide rail (10) to be placed in adjacent two rows Between two solar panels (1) of outermost end.
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework dolly (2) Two side ends is respectively equipped with the position-limited wheel (11) being positioned at guide rail (8) outward up and down.
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework dolly (2) Upper and lower surface be arranged with some groups auxiliary bogie wheel (12).
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cleaning dolly (3) Two ends with hawser (13) respectively, two ends up and down be connected, hawser (13) is around in the pulley at framework dolly (2) two ends up and down (14) on, often arranging brush sweeper (4) side and be separately installed with gear (15), gear (15) is placed on ratch (16).
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described angle pulley (5), Pulley (14) and power wheel (6) are driven by power motor (17), and framework dolly (2) upper and lower surface is arranged with solar power electricity Pond (18), framework dolly (2) is provided with accumulator (19).
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cleaning dolly (3) Two ends are correspondingly provided with reverse induction contact point (20) in two ends up and down respectively with framework dolly (2) up and down.
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework dolly (2) Two ends and solar panel (1) two ends are correspondingly provided with location contact point (21), framework dolly (2) one end and solar panel (1) one end is correspondingly provided with charging contact (22).
Multifunctional solar energy battery plate purging system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework dolly (2) On switch board (23) is installed.
CN201610429395.6A 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels Withdrawn CN105964585A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610429395.6A CN105964585A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610429395.6A CN105964585A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105964585A true CN105964585A (en) 2016-09-28

Family

ID=57022459

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610429395.6A Withdrawn CN105964585A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105964585A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424056A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 杭州品联科技有限公司 Cleaning equipment and photovoltaic module cleaning system
CN107453700A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-12-08 山东豪沃电气有限公司 A kind of solar panel clearing apparatus of portable multiple rows of gap operation
CN108144941A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-12 张志科 A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device
CN109261570A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-25 安徽金思源生物科技有限公司 A kind of automatic flushing device and its working method of solar panels

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424056A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 杭州品联科技有限公司 Cleaning equipment and photovoltaic module cleaning system
CN107453700A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-12-08 山东豪沃电气有限公司 A kind of solar panel clearing apparatus of portable multiple rows of gap operation
CN108144941A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-12 张志科 A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device
CN109261570A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-25 安徽金思源生物科技有限公司 A kind of automatic flushing device and its working method of solar panels

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zhang Han

Inventor after: Sun Ke

Inventor after: Zhang Qinghai

Inventor after: Zhang Qingguo

Inventor after: Zhao Jianing

Inventor before: Zhang Qinghai

Inventor before: Zhang Qingguo

Inventor before: Zhao Jianing

COR Change of bibliographic data
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160928