CN205110301U - Intelligence cleaning device - Google Patents

Intelligence cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205110301U
CN205110301U CN201520772838.2U CN201520772838U CN205110301U CN 205110301 U CN205110301 U CN 205110301U CN 201520772838 U CN201520772838 U CN 201520772838U CN 205110301 U CN205110301 U CN 205110301U
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China
Prior art keywords
framework
frame
wheel
clearing apparatus
cleaning
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CN201520772838.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张永兴
黄涛
巩海波
王向国
朱家朋
吴长春
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Xinjiang Zhong Xing Ltd Energy Co
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Xinjiang Zhong Xing Ltd Energy Co
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligence cleaning device, including first frame and second frame, first frame both sides frame is equipped with first walking wheel and supporting wheel outward, and this first walking wheel lies in outside the frame of first frame, first frame one end is equipped with the reel, and the winding has wire rope on this reel, and the second frame is connected to this wire rope one end, and reel one side is equipped with winding motor, be equipped with driving motor on the second frame, be equipped with the round brush in the second frame, second frame both sides are equipped with second walking wheel, and this second walking wheel lies in the guide rail of first frame both sides, are equipped with spacing round perpendicularly at the lower extreme of this second walking wheel, the utility model provides a simple structure can realize automated control and clean efficient cleaning device.

Description

Intelligence clearing apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of clearing apparatus, is specially adapted to photovoltaic power station component surface dirt and cleans.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the exploitation of new forms of energy is more and more subject to the attention of the mankind, and Solar use is also more and more general.The application of large solar photovoltaic power plant, especially under the support energetically of country, have issued challenge to traditional power station gradually, and environmental protection, energy-conservation, integrated application become trend, have driven the flourish of new forms of energy.
Solar power station converts solar energy to electric energy, large-scale power station majority concentrates on scarcely populated area, distributed areas, power station are filled with sufficient illumination condition, but wind-drifting sand greatly also affects power station generating efficiency, the more clean conversion of solar energy of photovoltaic panel is higher, sand and dust and various pollutant block the key factor becoming and affect power station generated energy, hot spot can be caused to photovoltaic panel simultaneously, cause photovoltaic inequality of being heated to cause damage.Meteorological according to region
Condition difference, due to the impact of the attachments such as dust, foreign material, sleet, the overall generated energy decline in power station 5%-25%, maintenance cost but improves 10%-15%, and main switching station income reduces 50%.The most photovoltaic cleaning products of existing market lacks actual items and supports, the problems such as product design is single, expansibility is poor, complex structure, manual intervention is many, cleaning efficiency is low, assembly spoilage is high, management O&M difficulty is large.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: for prior art Problems existing, it is simple that the utility model provides a kind of structure, can realize Automated condtrol and the high intelligent clearing apparatus of sweeping efficiency.
Technical scheme: a kind of intelligent clearing apparatus, comprise the first framework and be positioned at the second framework on the first framework, be respectively equipped with the first row travelling wheel for driving the first framework to move reciprocatingly on photovoltaic module outside described first framework both sides frame and be positioned at the first row travelling wheel lower end and perpendicular to the bogie wheel of the first row travelling wheel, wherein at least one the first row travelling wheel is provided with for moving the drive unit providing power to the first framework; Described first lower portion is provided with solar panel; First framework one end is provided with reel, and this reel is wound with steel wire rope, and this steel wire rope one end connects the frame of the second framework, and reel side is provided with the elevator motor drawing the second framework movement for controlling reel lay winding wire ropes length; Described second framework is provided with cleaning motor, is provided with the round brush for cleaning in the second framework, and described round brush is connected by conveyer with cleaning motor; Described second framework both sides are respectively equipped with the second road wheel for driving the second framework to move reciprocatingly on described guide rail, and the lower end of this second road wheel is vertically provided with position-limited wheel.
Particularly, described first framework one side frame two ends are respectively equipped with the position controlling switch for controlling the second framework mobile route, when the second framework goes to position controlling switch place, and just can counter motion; The first row travelling wheel one end of described first framework both sides is respectively equipped with the position controlling switch for controlling the first framework mobile route, when the first framework goes to position controlling switch place, and just can counter motion.
Particularly, the described drive unit belt pulley that comprises drive motors and be connected with the first row travelling wheel; Described drive motors is connected by conveyer with belt pulley, and belt pulley drives the first row travelling wheel to rotate by the power that motor provides, and described drive motors is stepper drive motors, can adapt to the width of different photovoltaic module.
Particularly, described solar panel is half flexible photovoltaic solar panel, can reduce the weight of whole cleaning device.
Particularly, described reel is positioned on the support of first framework one end.
Particularly, described first framework one end is also provided with battery for storage of electrical energy and control system.
Particularly, described two the first row travelling wheels and a bogie wheel are one group, and one has four groups, is positioned at the end of the first framework both sides.
Particularly, described round brush has one or more, and multiple round brush be arranged in parallel, and the utility model is preferably two.
More specifically, described round brush adopts V-type or S type, ensures to reach best cleaning effect.
Particularly, described second road wheel has four, is respectively provided with two the second road wheels in the second framework both sides.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of:
1, this apparatus structure is simple, adopts tower structure to carry out device, avoids complex structure to increase clearing apparatus weight, damages photovoltaic module, reduce input cost.
2, realize modular assembly, part replacement and detect convenient hommization, reduce later stage maintenance work amount.
3, low-power consumption electrical design, realizes more lasting storing boat ability, solves the problem of the long display in large power station, also can increase cleaning frequency in the cycle, to reach more cleaning effect.
4, be provided with solar panel and can convert solar energy to electric energy, stored by lithium battery, adopt self-powered design, the secondary construction that avoiding connects up causes, reduce extra items and drop into, that also regularly cleans for clearing apparatus provides power resources.
5, round brush adopts polar fine fibre material and moulding, increases cleaning efficiency and avoids, because sandstone wearing and tearing photovoltaic module panel, affecting generating efficiency simultaneously.
6, after having cleaned photovoltaic module, dallied by the two round brush of driven by motor, solve the reentrainment of dust problem brought in cleaning process.
7, be provided with position controlling switch, i.e. auto-returned system, the rear auto-returned docking station of clear device cleaning can be realized, realize Automated condtrol.
8, embedded and tele-control system able to programme, can realize batch quantity difference cleaning frequency, realize cleaning as required in conjunction with meteorological and historical data, status remote monitoring is safeguarded, reduces manual intervention and human cost.
9, also can increase air-blast device or snow-removing device according to actual conditions, reduce and redesign cost and R&D cycle.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is side view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of I;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of II.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, illustrate the utility model further.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of intelligent clearing apparatus, comprise the first framework 4 longitudinally arranged and the second framework 5 being positioned at horizontally set on the first framework 4, wherein, the two ends of the first framework 4 left and right side frame are respectively provided with two the first row travelling wheels 6, bogie wheel 9 is provided with perpendicular to two the first row travelling wheel 6 places two the first row travelling wheel 6 lower ends, and the first row travelling wheel 6 is positioned at the top of photovoltaic module 1, two the first row travelling wheels 6 and a support wheel are one group of wheels, one has four groups of wheels, wherein one group of wheels is provided with drive unit 2, this drive unit 2 comprises the stepper drive motors 7 be positioned in the middle of two the first row travelling wheels 6 and two belt pulleys 17 being positioned at the symmetry connection of the first row travelling wheel 6 side, stepper drive motors 7 is connected by belt with belt pulley 17, can drive the first framework 4 on photovoltaic module 1, do the reciprocating motion of left and right, first framework 4 upper end is provided with support, support intermediate lateral arranges reel 10, this reel 10 is wound with steel wire rope 3, this steel wire rope 3 lower end connects the upper side frame of the second framework 5, and reel 10 side is provided with the elevator motor 12 for controlling reel 10 lay winding wire ropes 3 length, first framework 4 upper end is placed with lithium battery, control system below elevator motor 12, at half flexible photovoltaic solar panel 11 of the promising bottom cleaning device of the first framework 4, wherein, elevator motor 12, reel 10, battery and control system are an entirety, second framework 5 is provided with cleaning motor 14, the interior transverse direction of second framework 5 is provided with two parallel round brush 13, and round brush 13 adopts V-type or S type, and the two ends of roller are connected by driving-belt with cleaning motor 14, second framework 5 left and right sides is respectively equipped with two the second road wheels 15, is vertically provided with position-limited wheel 16 in the lower end of the second road wheel 15, two ends outside first framework 4 Right Border are respectively equipped with position controlling switch 8, the first row travelling wheel 6 one end of first framework 4 both sides is respectively equipped with position controlling switch 8,
First, above-mentioned second road wheel 15 moves reciprocatingly on photovoltaic module 1, or the first framework 4 is that the second road wheel 15 moves up and down and provides support guide rail on photovoltaic module 1, starts elevator motor 12 and make the second framework 5 drive cleaning part to clean from top to bottom by track;
Not only above-mentioned elevator motor 12, with brake function, for controlling the upper and lower movement of cleaning part (hereinafter referred to as cleaning dolly), when cleaning dolly is finally positioned at docking station, can not fall down because of gravity, safe but also attractive in appearance.
Above-mentioned steel wire rope 3 is with cable, and the steel wire rope 3 with cable that elevator motor 12 rotating band movable reel 10 is wound around, draws the cleaning part in the second framework 5 up and down, realize cleaning function;
Above-mentioned drive motors 7 is critical components that guide track system moves left and right, in order to adapt to the width of different photovoltaic panel, this drive motors 7 uses step-by-step movement, arranges step control distance according to photovoltaic panel width, ensure that whole guide track system is mobile by photovoltaic panel width order, prevent cleaning dead angle;
Said frame adopts high strength light shaped material, is mainly used for fixing cleaning part, connects up-downgoing travelling wheel and makes whole cleaning member can realize upper and lower cleaning function at guide track system.
Secondly, in four groups of wheels, the first row travelling wheel 6 moves left and right under driving stepper motor, whole clearing apparatus can be cleaned in order by the width of photovoltaic module 1, bogie wheel 9 and two the first row travelling wheels 6 are fixed together, ensure that whole device is stabilized in the enterprising every trade of photovoltaic panel frame and walks, avoid occurring landing situation, damage photovoltaic module.
Further, position controlling switch 8 is divided into two groups, one group of the first row travelling wheel 6 one end of installing the first framework 4 both sides, it is the gauge tap having returned docking station after whole cleaning device has cleaned by original path, after cleaning device has cleaned row's photovoltaic module 1, guide track system trigger position gauge tap 8, has provided control system instruction, control system trigger rows walking system back is walked, and makes cleaning device reset to docking station; Another group is arranged on the guide rail two ends outside the first framework 4 Right Border, when cleaning dolly and cleaning up and down, walking is to trigger position gauge tap 8 time bottom, control system drives elevator motor 12 to pull cleaning dolly upward sliding, the trigger position gauge tap 8 when dolly arrives topmost, starts the cleaning works of next round.
First framework 4 side is unsettled is provided with docking station, and in order to avoid cleaning carriage parking affects photovoltaic module 1 amount efficiency on photovoltaic module 1, at the simple and easy docking station of the unsettled installation in photovoltaic module 1 side, cleaning dolly completes to clean and automatically returns on docking station; In maintenance work more the easily-consumed products such as Brusher being able to change bristles time without the need to again device being carried, make to safeguard simple and fast more.
Finally, this device is also provided with automatically cleaning region, naked leakage is in the below of guide rail, after cleaning dolly cleans single-row photovoltaic module 1, cleaning dolly is dallied by the two round brush 13 of driven by motor, and pats automatically cleaning bar, makes a small amount of dust of attachment can drop to outside photovoltaic module 1, when ensureing the cleaning of next row assembly, there is the problem of secondary pollution in the dust can not carried secretly because of brush sweeper; Secondly, this round brush 13 can also be used for cleaning the solar panel 11 in the second framework 5, ensures the clean of the self-contained electric system of whole device.
The course of work:
Step 1: this device cleaning works by the program of control system inner setting or backstage instruction, after this device completes all component initialization and self-inspection work on docking station, carry out dallying to swiping work, round brush 13 pats channel washer simultaneously, before clear light photovoltaic assembly 1, the dust stratification cleaning be attached on round brush 13 is walked, realize round brush 13 self-cleaning function;
Step 2: single unit system carries out translation to side under the effect of the first row travelling wheel 6, in translation motion, volume
Raise driven by motor reel 10 and pull cleaning dolly, get back to that this device is capable plays guide rail top;
Step 3: the position controlling switch 8 above cleaning dolly touching guide rail, after control system receives signal, send clean instruction, elevator motor 12 rotates clockwise by certain rotating speed, while cleaning dolly is walked downwards, clean motor moves in the direction of the clock by the two round brush 13 of certain rotating speed drive and carries out cleaning works;
Step 4: cleaning dolly completes assembly cleaning and also self-powered solar panel 11 once can be cleaned simultaneously, when walk to first row package traces bottom time, touching travel switch, after control system receives triggering signal, control system triggers movable motor, drive motors 7 drives the first row travelling wheel 6 that whole guide rail is moved to not cleaned side, in the process that this device moves integrally above next column assembly, elevator motor 12 counterclockwise reversion pulls dolly to get back to photovoltaic module 1 top by steel wire rope 3;
Step 5: repeat step 3,4 cleaning step, until whole clearing apparatus arrive photovoltaic array tail side.After walking guide rail touches position controlling switch 8 switch, control system notice drive motors 7 reverses, and this device is advanced to docking station side, needs can be arranged in return the need of cleaning according to scene.After this device turns back to docking station, with the elevator motor 12 of brake gear cleaning dolly is recovered to and gone above guide rail, and keep this state, just complete and once clean.
This device also has O&M backstage, it is a kind of tool system of regular maintenance and Long-distance Control, it not only can provide friendly man-machine interface, can also dock data that local meteorological data or self-sensor device gather and realize the tactical management that intelligence cleans as required, be indispensable important content in whole clearing apparatus.

Claims (9)

1. an intelligent clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise the first framework (4) and be positioned at the second framework (5) on the first framework (4), be respectively equipped with the first row travelling wheel (6) for driving the first framework (4) to move reciprocatingly on photovoltaic module (1) outside the frame of described first framework (4) both sides and be positioned at the first row travelling wheel (6) lower end and perpendicular to the bogie wheel (9) of the first row travelling wheel (6), wherein at least one the first row travelling wheel (6) is provided with for the mobile drive unit (2) providing power of the first framework (4); Described first framework (4) inside is provided with solar panel (11); Described first framework (4) one end is provided with reel (10), this reel (10) is wound with steel wire rope (3), this steel wire rope (3) one end connects the frame of the second framework (5), and reel (10) side is provided with draws for controlling reel (10) lay winding wire ropes (3) length the elevator motor (12) that the second framework (5) moves reciprocatingly; Described second framework (5) is provided with cleaning motor (14), is provided with the round brush (13) for cleaning in the second framework (5); Described round brush (13) is connected by conveyer with cleaning motor (14); Described second framework (5) both sides are respectively equipped with the second road wheel (15) for driving the second framework (5) to move reciprocatingly on the frame of described first framework (4) both sides, and the lower end of this second road wheel (15) is vertically provided with position-limited wheel (16).
2. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described first framework (4) side frame two ends are respectively equipped with the position controlling switch (8) for controlling the second framework (5) mobile route; The first row travelling wheel (6) one end of described first framework (4) both sides is respectively equipped with the position controlling switch (8) for controlling the first framework (4) mobile route.
3. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the belt pulley (17) that described drive unit (2) comprises drive motors (7) and is connected with the first row travelling wheel (6); Described drive motors (7) is connected by conveyer with belt pulley (17), and wherein, described drive motors (7) is stepper drive motors.
4. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar panel (11) is half flexible photovoltaic solar panel.
5. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described first framework (4) one end is also provided with battery for storage of electrical energy and control system.
6. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described two the first row travelling wheels (6) and a bogie wheel (9) are one group, and one has four groups, is positioned at the end of the first framework (4) both sides.
7. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described round brush (13) has one or more, and multiple round brush (13) be arranged in parallel.
8. the intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1 or 7, is characterized in that: described round brush adopts V-type or S type.
9. intelligent clearing apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described second road wheel (15) has four, is respectively provided with two the second road wheels (15) in the second framework (5) both sides.
CN201520772838.2U 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Intelligence cleaning device Active CN205110301U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105436175A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-03-30 南京绿谷信息科技有限公司 Intelligent sweeping device
WO2018010508A1 (en) * 2016-07-14 2018-01-18 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device and photovoltaic array
CN107876469A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning equipment and its control method
CN107876468A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning equipment and its control method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105436175A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-03-30 南京绿谷信息科技有限公司 Intelligent sweeping device
WO2018010508A1 (en) * 2016-07-14 2018-01-18 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device and photovoltaic array
CN107876469A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning equipment and its control method
CN107876468A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning equipment and its control method
CN107876469B (en) * 2017-11-10 2019-09-27 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning equipment and its control method

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