CN108144941A - A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108144941A
CN108144941A CN201810085897.0A CN201810085897A CN108144941A CN 108144941 A CN108144941 A CN 108144941A CN 201810085897 A CN201810085897 A CN 201810085897A CN 108144941 A CN108144941 A CN 108144941A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
cleaning
power
photovoltaic battery
battery panel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810085897.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛克
张志科
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201810085897.0A priority Critical patent/CN108144941A/en
Publication of CN108144941A publication Critical patent/CN108144941A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B11/00Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B11/04Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto specially adapted for plate glass, e.g. prior to manufacture of windshields
    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/32
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of large-scale track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning devices, including the cleaning trolley being placed on photovoltaic battery panel, trolley both upper ends thereof is cleaned respectively with power traction rope to be connected, it cleans trolley and is equipped with left cleaning frame and right cleaning frame, left cleaning frame is connected with left cleaning traction rope, right cleaning frame is connected with right cleaning traction rope, left cleaning traction rope is around on Left-wing Federation's moving gear and left cleaning pulley, right cleaning traction rope is around on right linkage gear and right cleaning pulley, Left-wing Federation's moving gear is placed in left power gear, right linkage gear is placed in right power gear, left power gear center is equipped with left change gear, right power gear center is equipped with right change gear.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Itself unpowered systems, it is light-weight, it is non-slip, it is simple in structure, solar battery group is hardly damaged, is cleaned suitable for the solar panel group of any width.

Description

A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device
(One)Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device, more particularly to a kind of large-scale track traction type photovoltaic battery panel Automatic cleaning device.
(Two)Background technology
The problem of in face of the challenge and energy security that Global climate change is brought, human needs seek regenerative resource, and too Sun can be exactly a kind of clean, reproducible energy.With the reduction of cost for solar power generation, photovoltaic industry enters one entirely New era of ball development.Solar panel is the root that solar power station produces electricl energy, photovoltaic module conversion solar can effect Rate directly decides the generated energy of solar power station.The ground photovoltaic plant in China is concentrated mainly on the Northwest, these areas Solar energy resources very abundant, annual sunshine was up to 3200 hours or more, but the natural environment of the Northwest is more severe, especially It is that season in spring and autumn sandstorm weather can bring a large amount of dirty dirt to photovoltaic module surface, has seriously affected the power generation effect of photovoltaic module Rate, under normal circumstances, for 3 months solar cell modules without cleaning, the output power for having 5% loses, and Solar cell module under adverse circumstances loses big appointment and reaches 12% in the case of no cleaning in 20 days.
At present, for the dedusting of photovoltaic plant, the cleaning programs such as artificial, giant, spray system are taken respectively.Manually The cleaning efficiency of cleaning is low, and peopleware difference causes cleaning process to be difficult to control, cleaning effect consistency is poor, to component glass There is abrasion, influence light transmittance and service life;Giant cleaning water consumption is big, about 10 tons of the water consumption that 1MW is cleaned every time, is not suitable for Water-deficient area, some hydraulic giant pressure is larger, can cause component crackle, is not suitable for the mountainous region power station of vehicle traveling and can not apply;Spray Leaching cleaning systems effect is bad, and water consumption is larger, about 6~7 tons of the water consumption that 1MW is cleaned every time.
The device of existing disclosed automated cleaning solar panel, generally requires to change solar panel group It makes, needs the outer double guide rails of vertical double bracket, the solar panel group larger to inclination angle easily has skidded phenomenon, influence to clean dress Put operation, and power wheel destructible solar cell plate surface.Device is higher to solar panel group installation requirement, needs close In same level, and solar cell sheet separation it is larger or tilt when can not be cleaned.In addition, for width compared with Big solar panel group, at present the clearing apparatus under technology can not effectively use.
(Three)Invention content
Operate steadily in order to compensate for the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides one kind, continuity is strong, to solar battery group without It destroys, avoid causing to clean omission, power foot, the large-scale track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning of useable width range extensively Device.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device, including the cleaning trolley being placed on photovoltaic battery panel, It is characterized in that:The cleaning trolley both upper ends thereof is connected respectively with power traction rope, cleans trolley and is equipped with left cleaning frame With right cleaning frame, left cleaning frame is connected with left cleaning traction rope, and right cleaning frame is connected with right cleaning traction rope, left cleaning Traction rope is around on Left-wing Federation's moving gear and left cleaning pulley, and right cleaning traction rope is around on right linkage gear and right cleaning pulley, Left-wing Federation's moving gear is connected synchronous rotation with right linkage gear, and Left-wing Federation's moving gear is placed in left power gear, and right linkage gear is put In in right power gear, left power gear center is equipped with left change gear, and right power gear center is equipped with right change gear.
Left-wing Federation's moving gear is connected with right linkage gear by connecting rod, and connecting rod is connected with Shift lever.
The connecting rod both sides are equipped with lantern ring, are connected below lantern ring with drawstring one end, the drawstring other end is connected with power block It connects, power block is installed on pull rod, and pull rod both ends are connected with power traction rope.
The drawstring front end is around on vertical fixed pulley, and drawstring rear end is around on horizontal fixed pulley, and pull rod is equipped with and is used for To the limited block of power block limiting.
The left power gear and right power gear are connected with cleaning trolley, and left power gear and right power gear are placed in On power rack, power rack is installed on guide rail.
Brush sweeper is respectively equipped on the left cleaning frame and right cleaning frame, brush sweeper is driven by cleaning gear, Gear is cleaned to be placed on cleaning rack.
The cleaning car top is equipped with support limit wheel, and support limit wheel is placed in guide rail.
The power rack and guide rail are installed on stent.
The power traction rope is around on power wheel and pulley, and power wheel is driven by power motor.
The small car bottom of cleaning is equipped with the bogie wheel being placed on photovoltaic battery panel, cleans trolley lower part and is equipped with lower limit Position wheel.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Cleaning trolley under independent single track power traction pattern, itself unpowered systems, weight Amount is light, non-slip, simple in structure, is hardly damaged solar battery group;Using hairbrush frame in solar panel group width side It is cleaned to walking, is cleaned suitable for the solar panel group of any width.
(Four)Description of the drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Overlooking the structure diagram of the attached drawing 1 for the present invention;
Side structure schematic view of the attached drawing 2 for the present invention;
Drawstring mounting structure schematic diagram of the attached drawing 3 for the present invention;
In figure, 1 photovoltaic battery panel, 2 clean trolley, 3 power traction ropes, 4 power wheels, 5 pulleys, 6 left cleaning frames, 7 right cleanings Frame, 8 left cleaning traction ropes, 9 right cleaning traction ropes, 10 Left-wing Federation's moving gears, 11 left cleaning pulleys, 12 right linkage gears, 13 is right Cleaning pulley, 14 left power gears, 15 right power gears, 16 left change gears, 17 right change gears, 18 connecting rods, 19 Shift levers, 20 power racks, 21 guide rails, 22 brush sweepers, 23 clean gear, and 24 clean rack, 25 support limit wheels, 26 stents, 27 power Motor, 28 bogie wheels, 29 lower limit wheels, 30 lantern rings, 31 drawstrings, 32 power blocks, 33 pull rods, 34 vertical fixed pulleys, 35 is horizontal fixed Pulley, 36 limited blocks.
(Five)Specific embodiment
A kind of specific embodiment of the attached drawing for the present invention.The embodiment includes the cleaning trolley 2 being placed on photovoltaic battery panel 1, clearly It sweeps 2 both upper ends thereof of trolley respectively with power traction rope 3 to be connected, cleans trolley 2 and be equipped with left cleaning frame 6 and right cleaning frame 7, left cleaning frame 6 is connected with left cleaning traction rope 8, and right cleaning frame 7 is connected with right cleaning traction rope 9, left cleaning traction rope 8 It is around on Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 and left cleaning pulley 11, right cleaning traction rope 9 is around in right linkage gear 12 and right cleaning pulley 13 On, Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 is connected synchronous rotation with right linkage gear 12, and Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 is placed in left power gear 14, right Linkage gear 12 is placed in right power gear 15, and left 14 center of power gear is equipped with left change gear 16, in right power gear 15 The heart is equipped with right change gear 17.18 both sides of connecting rod are equipped with lantern ring 30, and 30 lower section of lantern ring is connected with 31 one end of drawstring, and drawstring 31 is another One end is connected with power block 32, and power block 32 is installed on pull rod 33, and 33 both ends of pull rod are connected with power traction rope 3.It draws 31 front ends of restricting are around on vertical fixed pulley 34, and 31 rear end of drawstring is around on horizontal fixed pulley 35, and pull rod 33, which is equipped with, to be used for dynamic The limited block 36 that power block 32 limits.Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 is connected with right linkage gear 12 by connecting rod 18, and connecting rod 18 is connected with Shift lever 19.Left power gear 10 and right power gear 12 are connected with cleaning trolley 2, left power gear 10 and right power gear 12 are placed on power rack 20, and power rack 20 is installed on guide rail 21.It is set respectively on left cleaning frame 6 and right cleaning frame 7 There is brush sweeper 22, brush sweeper 22 is driven by cleaning gear 23, is cleaned gear 23 and is placed on cleaning rack 24.Clean trolley 2 Top is equipped with support limit wheel 25, and support limit wheel 25 is placed in guide rail 21.Power rack 20 and guide rail 21 are installed on stent On 26.Power traction rope 3 is around on power wheel 4 and pulley 5, and power wheel 4 is driven by power motor 27.Clean 2 bottom of trolley peace Equipped with the bogie wheel 28 being placed on photovoltaic battery panel 1, clean 2 lower part of trolley and lower limit wheel 29 is installed.
Large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device using the present invention, power motor 27 drive power wheel 4 operations, the rotation of power wheel 4 drive pull rod 33 to move by power traction rope 3, and pull rod 33 pulls drawstring 31 to move by power block 32 Dynamic, power block 32 is moved at limited block 37, and cleaning trolley 2 will be driven to move, and cleaning trolley 2, which moves, passively forces left power Gear 14 and right power gear 15 are rotated along power rack 20, at this point, Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 or right linkage gear 12 are due to vertical The effect of fixed pulley 34 is pulled down into coming and actively rotate, and is rotate in same direction so as to which another be driven to synchronize.Left-wing Federation's moving gear 10 or the right side Linkage gear 12 synchronizes movement in the same direction, so as to make left cleaning frame 6 different with 7 traffic direction of right cleaning frame, makes on one Once, it is passively rotated so that cleaning gear 23 along cleaning rack 24, so as to which the rotation of brush sweeper 22 be driven to complete to photovoltaic The cleaning of solar panel 1.Similarly, when two, which clean frame, is moved to endpoint, one of frame that cleans can contact gear shifting rod 19, Make its rotation, and then connecting rod 18 is driven to move left and right so that the engagement system of linkage gear changes, i.e. the steering of linkage gear changes Become, so as to change the moving direction of two cleaning frames.Due to being all gear engagement, becoming backward, connecting rod 18 will not bullet It returns, can just be moved under external force until next time has cleaning frame to touch.Power traction rope 3, which drives, cleans trolley 2 from photovoltaic After one end of solar panel 1 is moved to the other end, power motor 27 inverts, and cleaning trolley 2 is driven to come back for cleaning.It is at this point, dynamic The moving direction of power traction rope 3 changes, and left power gear 14 and 15 direction of right power gear change, and participate in the linkage tooth of engagement Wheel changes, while the position of engagement changes, and the direction of power gear changes the position of engagement simultaneously and changes, so as to make linkage Gear rotation direction is constant, and then cleaning frame is made to continue to move back and forth cleaning up and down along former direction.Trolley 2 is cleaned to be limited by support Position wheel 25 is stuck in guide rail 21, and the positioning of trolley 2 in above-below direction is cleaned for giving.Trolley 2 is cleaned to transport on photovoltaic battery panel 1 During row, bogie wheel 28, which is given, cleans trolley 2 to support.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device, including being placed in photovoltaic battery panel(1)On cleaning Trolley(2), it is characterized in that:The cleaning trolley(2)Both upper ends thereof respectively with power traction rope(3)It is connected, cleans trolley(2) It is equipped with left cleaning frame(6)With right cleaning frame(7), left cleaning frame(6)It is connected with left cleaning traction rope(8), right cleaning Frame(7)It is connected with right cleaning traction rope(9), left cleaning traction rope(8)It is around in Left-wing Federation's moving gear(10)With left cleaning pulley (11)On, right cleaning traction rope(9)It is around in right linkage gear(12)With right cleaning pulley(13)On, Left-wing Federation's moving gear(10)And the right side Linkage gear(12)Be connected synchronous rotation, Left-wing Federation's moving gear(10)It is placed in left power gear(14)It is interior, right linkage gear(12) It is placed in right power gear(15)It is interior, left power gear(14)Center is equipped with left change gear(16), right power gear(15)Center Equipped with right change gear(17).
2. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The left side Linkage gear(10)With right linkage gear(12)Pass through connecting rod(18)It is connected, connecting rod(18)It is connected with Shift lever(19).
3. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:The company Bar(18)Both sides are equipped with lantern ring(30), lantern ring(30)Lower section and drawstring(31)One end is connected, drawstring(31)The other end and power Block(32)It is connected, power block(32)It is installed on pull rod(33)On, pull rod(33)Both ends and power traction rope(3)It is connected.
4. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:The drawing Rope(31)Front end is around in vertical fixed pulley(34)On, drawstring(31)Rear end is around in horizontal fixed pulley(35)On, pull rod(33)On set It is useful for giving power block(32)The limited block of limiting(36).
5. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The left side Power gear(10)With right power gear(12)With cleaning trolley(2)It is connected, left power gear(10)With right power gear (12)It is placed in power rack(20)On, power rack(20)It is installed on guide rail(21)On.
6. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The left side Clean frame(6)With right cleaning frame(7)On be respectively equipped with brush sweeper(22), brush sweeper(22)By cleaning gear(23)Band It is dynamic, clean gear(23)It is placed in cleaning rack(24)On.
7. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described clear Sweep trolley(2)Top is equipped with support limit wheel(25), support limit wheel(25)It is placed in guide rail(21)It is interior.
8. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described dynamic Power rack(20)And guide rail(21)It is installed on stent(26)On.
9. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described dynamic Power traction rope(3)It is around in power wheel(4)And pulley(5)On, power wheel(4)By power motor(27)It drives.
10. large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described Clean trolley(2)Bottom, which is equipped with, is placed in photovoltaic battery panel(1)On bogie wheel(28), clean trolley(2)Lower part is equipped with down Position-limited wheel(29).
CN201810085897.0A 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device Pending CN108144941A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810085897.0A CN108144941A (en) 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810085897.0A CN108144941A (en) 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 A kind of large size track traction type photovoltaic battery panel automatic cleaning device

Publications (1)

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CN108144941A true CN108144941A (en) 2018-06-12

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110227671A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-13 首航国翼(武汉)科技有限公司 A kind of photo-thermal heliostat minute surface cleaning device
CN110813834A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-21 宁波大学 Solar panel cleaning robot based on non-contact parallel line drive
CN114394024A (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-04-26 上海伟翔众翼新能源科技有限公司 Wind-solar-storage integrated electric automobile charging system based on model predictive control

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104984942A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-10-21 上海联星股权投资管理有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot
CN205110301U (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-03-30 新疆中兴能源有限公司 Intelligence cleaning device
CN105689302A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Automatic cleaning device for solar cell panels
CN105964585A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels
CN105964587A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Solar panel cleaning device capable of cleaning up and down without power thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104984942A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-10-21 上海联星股权投资管理有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot
CN205110301U (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-03-30 新疆中兴能源有限公司 Intelligence cleaning device
CN105689302A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Automatic cleaning device for solar cell panels
CN105964585A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Multifunctional cleaning system for solar panels
CN105964587A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Solar panel cleaning device capable of cleaning up and down without power thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110227671A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-13 首航国翼(武汉)科技有限公司 A kind of photo-thermal heliostat minute surface cleaning device
CN110813834A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-21 宁波大学 Solar panel cleaning robot based on non-contact parallel line drive
CN114394024A (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-04-26 上海伟翔众翼新能源科技有限公司 Wind-solar-storage integrated electric automobile charging system based on model predictive control

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