CN201558822U - Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device - Google Patents

Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201558822U
CN201558822U CN2009202632886U CN200920263288U CN201558822U CN 201558822 U CN201558822 U CN 201558822U CN 2009202632886 U CN2009202632886 U CN 2009202632886U CN 200920263288 U CN200920263288 U CN 200920263288U CN 201558822 U CN201558822 U CN 201558822U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
solar
support
control
guide rail
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202632886U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
庄大建
邱速希
陈鸿基
郑鸿生
肖坚伟
Original Assignee
广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司
Priority to CN2009202632886U priority Critical patent/CN201558822U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201558822U publication Critical patent/CN201558822U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device, which comprises a support. A cleaning mechanism, an operating mechanism driving the cleaning mechanism to move, a solar battery, an electric storage device and a control device are arranged on the support, wherein the solar battery is connected with the electric storage device and charges the same, the electric storage device is controlled by the control device to supply power to a brush roll power mechanism and a traveling wheel power mechanism, and a water spraying pipeline is arranged above a solar photovoltaic module. By utilizing the solar equipment arranged on the cleaning device to supply power to clean solar photovoltaic modules on buildings, the cleaning device can not be obstructed by water pipes and electric cords but is safer in operation.

Description

Solar energy self-propelled photovoltaic module cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic module cleaning device, specifically is the solar energy self-propelled photovoltaic module cleaning device that the solar photovoltaic assembly surface dirt is cleaned.
Background technology
Be installed in building roofing, inclined plane, daylighting top or as the solar photovoltaic assembly of curtain wall,, be easy to accumulation dust or other foreign material such as birds droppings owing to be installed in outdoorly, cause sunshine covered, generating efficiency reduces, and the local hot spot effect that takes place influences assembly serviceability and life-span.
Existing cleaning device is varied, be used for the disclosed a kind of high-rise building curtain cleaning of assembly cleaning device such as Chinese invention patent CN1287893, the disclosed a kind of high building assembly cleaning machine of CN1586384 system, the disclosed a kind of automatic walking assembly cleaning machine of China utility model patent CN2010298441, and the disclosed a kind of assembly automatic flushing device of CN201091552, these cleaning devices all need be built when cleaning temporarily, finish washing and cleaning operation by the manually-operated machine.The frequency that places outdoor solar photovoltaic assembly to clean is higher, and manually-operated machine is difficult to carry out the work at any time, and the human resources of consumption are excessive, therefore is not suitable for the cleaning of solar photovoltaic assembly.CN201338000 discloses a kind of solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus of finishing high frequency cleaning, comprise wiper mechanism and travelling mechanism, wiper mechanism comprises a brush roll, this brush roll has rotating shaft and is fixed in bristle in the rotating shaft, the cavity at rotating shaft intermediate connection water source, apopore is arranged in the rotating shaft, travelling mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixed on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, support is arranged on the guide rail, brush roll is loaded on the support, the road wheel that cooperates with guide rail is arranged at the support bottom, and the motor via reducer structure connects described brush roll and road wheel.The dust dirt that this device can occur according to the solar photovoltaic assembly surface at any time carries out cleaning automatically, but this matched with devices line powered and water pipe supply water, electric wire and water pipe stick some position or other barriers of device easily in actual use, influence the device operation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of circumscripted power line, water pipe of not needing, and can carry out the solar energy self-propelled photovoltaic module cleaning device of high frequency cleaning automatically to the solar components on daylighting top, sloped roof and the curtain wall.
Self-propelled solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of the present utility model comprises support, be useful on the wiper mechanism of cleaning on the support, and the travelling mechanism that wiper mechanism is moved on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, wiper mechanism comprises a brush roll and drives the brush roll actuating unit that this brush roll is rotated, travelling mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixed on the solar photovoltaic assembly framework, the road wheel that cooperates with this guide rail is arranged at the support bottom, and the road wheel actuating unit that makes the road wheel operation, also has solar cell on the support, electrical storage device and control device, solar cell connects electrical storage device, charge to electrical storage device by solar cell, control device connects electrical storage device, brush roll actuating unit and road wheel actuating unit, electrical storage device provides power supply to brush roll actuating unit and road wheel actuating unit under the control of control device, the water sprayer tube road is positioned at the top of solar photovoltaic assembly.
The top and bottom of above-mentioned solar photovoltaic assembly respectively are equipped with contact switch, trigger contact switch when the upper end of cleaning device operation arrival solar photovoltaic assembly or lower end and make the road wheel inverted running.
Above-mentioned guide rail comprises tooth bar and evagination guide rail, and road wheel is made of driving gear and driving gear, and the downside fastening evagination guide rail of some hook-shaped slide blocks from the evagination guide rail arranged on the support.
The photoelectric sensing apparatus that connects control device also is installed on the support, and the solar photovoltaic assembly inner surface has corresponding light source.Control device is judged the dust level of coverage according to the power of the light signal that photoelectric sensing apparatus receives, and cleans so that start cleaning device automatically.
The utility model utilizes the solar facilities that self assembles to provide power supply to architectural architectural solar photovoltaic assembly surface to be cleaned, the obstacle of avoiding water pipe and power line to cause to cleaning device, and move safer, the dust dirt that occurs when the surface of solar photovoltaic assembly and manually boot cleaning device when needing to clean automatically or at any time.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model elevation view.
Fig. 2 is the utility model elevation of dismounting solar cell.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view.
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 illustrate a kind of embodiment of the present utility model.This cleaning device comprises support 1, wiper mechanism, travelling mechanism, water sprinkler system, electric power system and control device composition.
Wiper mechanism comprises the brush roll 2 that is fixed on the support 1, the actuating unit of being made up of direct current generator 3 and deceleration device 4.Direct current generator 3 drives brush roll 2 by deceleration device 4 and rotates, and is rotated on photovoltaic module surface 5 by the bristle on the brush roll 2 photovoltaic module surface 5 is scrubbed.
Travelling mechanism comprises the tooth bar 7 and the evagination guide rail 8 of the framework 6 that is fixed on photovoltaic module, is fixed on driving gear 9,10, driven gear 11,12 and direct current generator 13 on the support 1.Driving gear 9,10 and driven gear 11,12 move on tooth bar 7, and driving gear 9 connects direct current generator 13 by deceleration device 14, and driving gear 9 is connected by rotating shaft 15 with driving gear 10.The downside fastening guide rail 8 of some hook-shaped slide blocks 16 from guide rail 8 arranged on the support 1, make support 1 be close to tooth bar 7 and guide rail 8 operations.
Electric power system comprises solar cell 17 and the electrical storage device 18 that is fixed on support 1 top, and solar cell 17 connects electrical storage device 18, and under the sun shines, the electric weight that solar cell 17 produces was stored into electrical storage device 18.
Water sprinkler system comprises the water sprayer tube road 20 that is positioned at the photovoltaic module top, and necessary control and pressue device.When cleaning device moved, water sprayer tube road 20 after brush roll 2 is scrubbed, was removed the dust on photovoltaic module surface 5 to photovoltaic module surface 5 water sprays.
Control device 19 connects electrical storage device 18, drives the direct current generator 3 of brush roll 2 and the direct current generator 13 of driving driving gear 9.Electrical storage device 18 provides power supply to direct current generator 3 and direct current generator 13 under the control of control device 19.Be positioned at each contact switch of photovoltaic module top and bottom, when cleaning device operation arrived the upper end of photovoltaic module or lower end, contact switch was triggered and changes the input current direction of direct current generator 13, direct current generator 13 inverted runnings, and cleaning device returns walking.
The people when thinking that photovoltaic module need clean, after sending purge signal by central control system 21, central control system 21 the fetch boiling water control and the pressue device of spray piping 20, to curtain wall 5 water sprays, purge signal is transmitted into control device 19 through the signal port 23 on the holding wire 22, control device 19 is after receiving signal, and control electrical storage device 18 provides power supply to carry out cleaning to direct current generator 3 and direct current generator 13.After cleaning was finished, control device 19 made cleaning device get back to the home position, and system is ready.
The photoelectric sensing apparatus 24 that connects control device 19 also is installed on the support, and the solar photovoltaic assembly inner surface has corresponding light source 25.Control device 19 is judged the dust level of coverage according to the power of light source 25 signals that photoelectric sensing apparatus 24 receives, after reaching setting value, control device 19 sends signal the fetch boiling water control and the pressue device of spray piping 20, and electrical storage device 18 provides power supply to carry out automatic cleaning to direct current generator 3 and direct current generator 13.After cleaning was finished, control device 19 made cleaning device get back to the home position, and system is ready.

Claims (4)

1. solar energy self-propelled photovoltaic module cleaning device, comprise support, be useful on the wiper mechanism of cleaning on the support, and the travelling mechanism that wiper mechanism is moved on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, wiper mechanism comprises brush roll and drives the brush roll actuating unit that this brush roll is rotated, travelling mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixed on the solar photovoltaic assembly framework, the road wheel that cooperates with this guide rail is arranged at the support bottom, and the road wheel actuating unit that makes the road wheel operation, it is characterized in that, also has solar cell on the support, electrical storage device and control device, solar cell connects electrical storage device, charge to electrical storage device by solar cell, control device connects electrical storage device, brush roll actuating unit and road wheel actuating unit, electrical storage device provides power supply to brush roll actuating unit and road wheel actuating unit under the control of control device, the water sprayer tube road is positioned at the top of solar photovoltaic assembly.
2. according to the described solar energy self-propelled of claim 1 photovoltaic module cleaning device, it is characterized in that, the top and bottom of described solar photovoltaic assembly respectively are equipped with contact switch, trigger contact switch when the upper end of cleaning device operation arrival solar photovoltaic assembly or lower end and make the road wheel inverted running.
3. according to the described solar energy self-propelled of claim 1 photovoltaic module cleaning device, it is characterized in that, described guide rail comprises tooth bar and evagination guide rail, and road wheel is made of driving gear and driving gear, and the downside fastening evagination guide rail of some hook-shaped slide blocks from the evagination guide rail arranged on the support.
4. according to the described solar energy self-propelled of claim 1 photovoltaic module cleaning device, it is characterized in that the photoelectric sensing apparatus that connects control device is installed on the described support, and the solar photovoltaic assembly inner surface has corresponding light source.
CN2009202632886U 2009-11-19 2009-11-19 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device CN201558822U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202632886U CN201558822U (en) 2009-11-19 2009-11-19 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202632886U CN201558822U (en) 2009-11-19 2009-11-19 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201558822U true CN201558822U (en) 2010-08-25

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202632886U CN201558822U (en) 2009-11-19 2009-11-19 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device

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Country Link
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983783A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-03-09 常州亿晶光电科技有限公司 Device for cleaning and cooling glass surface of solar component
CN102169349A (en) * 2011-01-31 2011-08-31 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Solar battery module and bearing device of the same
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN102773224A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-11-14 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN103084346A (en) * 2011-10-28 2013-05-08 上海久能能源科技发展有限公司 Solar photovoltaic cleaning machine for roofs
CN104607419A (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-05-13 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device for photovoltaic cell panel
CN104826825A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 白峻光 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module
WO2016180376A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device
CN107649429A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-02 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel automatic flushing device
CN107824525A (en) * 2018-01-02 2018-03-23 马鞍山佳夫尼电气科技有限公司 A kind of solar panel Simple cleaning device

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983783A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-03-09 常州亿晶光电科技有限公司 Device for cleaning and cooling glass surface of solar component
CN102169349A (en) * 2011-01-31 2011-08-31 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Solar battery module and bearing device of the same
CN102169349B (en) * 2011-01-31 2013-03-06 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Solar battery module and bearing device of the same
CN103084346A (en) * 2011-10-28 2013-05-08 上海久能能源科技发展有限公司 Solar photovoltaic cleaning machine for roofs
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN102773224A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-11-14 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102773224B (en) * 2012-05-31 2014-03-12 杭州帷盛科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN102974557B (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-10-08 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN104607419A (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-05-13 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device for photovoltaic cell panel
CN104826825A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 白峻光 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module
WO2016180376A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device
CN107649429A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-02 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel automatic flushing device
CN107824525A (en) * 2018-01-02 2018-03-23 马鞍山佳夫尼电气科技有限公司 A kind of solar panel Simple cleaning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100825

Termination date: 20181119