WO2016180376A1 - Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device - Google Patents

Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2016180376A1
WO2016180376A1 PCT/CN2016/082134 CN2016082134W WO2016180376A1 WO 2016180376 A1 WO2016180376 A1 WO 2016180376A1 CN 2016082134 W CN2016082134 W CN 2016082134W WO 2016180376 A1 WO2016180376 A1 WO 2016180376A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
guide rail
rail
trolley
track
clamping
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2016/082134
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋鉷
李纯
鞠金飞
Original Assignee
上海舜海船舶设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201510243611.3A priority Critical patent/CN104815807B/en
Priority to CN201510243611.3 priority
Priority to CN201510243614.7 priority
Priority to CN201510243614.7A priority patent/CN104811127B/en
Priority to CN201510281844.2A priority patent/CN104984934B/en
Priority to CN201510281843.8 priority
Priority to CN201510281843.8A priority patent/CN104891334B/en
Priority to CN201510281844.2 priority
Application filed by 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 filed Critical 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司
Publication of WO2016180376A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016180376A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

Disclosed are a rail mechanism for a photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, a trolley operation mechanism and a sweeping device. The trolley operation mechanism comprises a hauling rope (3), a guide rail (2) and a trolley (1). The trolley (1) is driven by the hauling rope (3) to move along the guide rail (2), wherein a hollow tube-shaped cavity (21) is formed in the interior of the guide rail (2), and at least part of the hauling rope (3) is inside the hollow tube-shaped cavity (21). A strip-shaped hole (23) is provided in the guide rail (2), so that the hollow tube-shaped cavity (21) is in communication with an external part of the guide rail (2) through the strip-shaped hole (23). A connection arm (11) is provided on the trolley (1), which connection arm (11) extends into the hollow tube-shaped cavity (21) through the strip-shaped hole (23) for connecting with the hauling rope (3). By using the trolley operation mechanism, the corrosion of the rope for hauling the trolley can be effectively avoided, thereby improving the dust-proof and water-proof capability of the sweeping device and thus extending the service life thereof.

Description

光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构、小车运行机构和清扫装置Track mechanism, trolley running mechanism and cleaning device of photovoltaic panel cleaning device
相关申请的交叉引用Cross-reference to related applications
本申请要求于2015年5月13日提交的申请号为201510243611.3、于2015年5月13日提交的申请号为201510243614.7、于2015年5月28日提交的申请号为201510281843.8和于2015年5月28日提交的申请号为201510281844.2的中国专利申请的优先权,这些申请的整个内容特此以引用的方式并入本文中。This application claims the application number 201510243611.3 submitted on May 13, 2015, the application number 201510243614.7 submitted on May 13, 2015, and the application number 201510281843.8 submitted on May 28, 2015 and May 2015. The priority of the Chinese Patent Application No. 201510281844.2, filed on Jan. 28, the entire content of which is hereby incorporated by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及光伏电池板的清扫技术,特别涉及光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,小车运行机构和清扫装置。The present application relates to a cleaning technology for a photovoltaic panel, and more particularly to a track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, a trolley running mechanism, and a cleaning device.
背景技术Background technique
架设于户外的平面或平台的自动化清扫是困扰人们的课题之一。其中,光伏电站内的太阳能电池板表面的自动化清扫,由于其所处的环境十分严苛,对清扫设备的要求尤为突出。例如设于我国西北地区的光伏电站,受沙化环境影响,平均每个小时都需对太阳能电池板表面进行一次除尘清扫;而设于日本北海道附近的光伏电站,由于雪天较多,需针对雨雪环境进行快速高效的清扫工作。显然,在这样的工作环境下,不但对清扫设备的性能、清扫速率有较高要求,还需要其在工况下具有较长使用寿命(考虑到配套设施的寿命一般等同于太阳能电池板的寿命,因此一般要求为10年或以上)、较高的稳定性以及低廉的维护保养费用。 Automated cleaning of planes or platforms that are erected outdoors is one of the problems that plague people. Among them, the automatic cleaning of the surface of the solar panel in the photovoltaic power station is particularly demanding for the cleaning equipment because of the harsh environment. For example, photovoltaic power plants located in the northwestern part of China are affected by the desertification environment. On average, the surface of the solar panels needs to be cleaned and cleaned every hour. The photovoltaic power station located near Hokkaido, Japan, needs more rain because of the snowy days. The snow environment performs fast and efficient cleaning. Obviously, in such a working environment, not only the performance of the cleaning equipment, the cleaning rate are required, but also the long service life under the working conditions (taking into account that the life of the supporting facilities is generally equivalent to the life of the solar panel. Therefore, it is generally required to be 10 years or more, high stability and low maintenance costs.
目前,光伏电站的清扫工作通常是利用机器人清洁系统来进行的。然而,使用机器人清洁系统时,每次清扫之前都需要人力将机器人及其支援设备搬运到太阳能电池板上,并没有完全解放劳动力。并且,机器人的成本高昂,清扫速度缓慢,维护也十分困难。At present, the cleaning work of photovoltaic power plants is usually carried out by using a robot cleaning system. However, when using the robotic cleaning system, it is necessary to manually transport the robot and its supporting equipment to the solar panel before each cleaning, and the labor is not completely liberated. Moreover, the cost of the robot is high, the cleaning speed is slow, and maintenance is very difficult.
人们也曾考虑过在太阳能电池板上装设清扫小车,并利用清扫小车来实现太阳能电池板的自动化清扫。People have also considered installing a cleaning car on the solar panel and using the cleaning car to automate the cleaning of the solar panel.
通常,清扫小车都是通过牵引绳牵引,并沿着既定的导轨前进。这一清扫小车、牵引绳和导轨的组合通常被称为小车运行机构。传统的小车运行机构,牵引绳通常裸露在外,而为了保证牵引绳的强度和成本,通常采用钢丝绳作为牵引绳,并且,与导轨并行部分的牵引绳,由于受小车运动的影响,无法用常规的保护方式保护住。这就导致长期保留于空气中的牵引绳发生锈蚀,从而降低绳体强度。Typically, the sweeping cart is pulled through the towline and advanced along the established rail. This combination of sweeping trolleys, traction ropes and rails is often referred to as the trolley operating mechanism. In the traditional trolley running mechanism, the traction rope is usually exposed, and in order to ensure the strength and cost of the traction rope, the steel rope is usually used as the traction rope, and the traction rope in parallel with the guide rail cannot be used due to the movement of the trolley. Protection is protected. This causes the traction rope that remains in the air for a long time to rust, thereby reducing the strength of the rope.
此外,由于传统的小车运行机构通常处于尘雪环境,其导轨容易积灰,导致导轨的寿命普遍较短,维护困难。In addition, since the conventional trolley running mechanism is usually in a dust and snow environment, the guide rails are prone to dust accumulation, resulting in a generally short life of the guide rail and difficulty in maintenance.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明部分实施例的目的在于提供一种小车运行机构,利用该小车运行机构,可以有效防止牵引小车的绳索发生锈蚀,提高清扫设备的防尘防水能力,进而延长使用寿命。The purpose of some embodiments of the present invention is to provide a trolley running mechanism. The trolley running mechanism can effectively prevent the rope of the traction trolley from being rusted, improve the dustproof and waterproof capability of the cleaning device, and further prolong the service life.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明的一个实施例提供了一种小车运行机构,包括牵引绳、导轨和小车,小车在牵引绳的带动下,沿导轨运动;其中,导轨的内部形成中空的管状腔体,牵引绳至少有一部分位于管状腔体内。其中,导轨上开有条形孔,条形孔接通管状腔体和导轨的外部;小车上设有连接臂,连接臂通过条形孔穿入管状腔体,与牵引绳连接。 In order to solve the above technical problem, an embodiment of the present invention provides a trolley running mechanism, including a traction rope, a guide rail and a trolley. The trolley moves along the guide rail under the driving of the traction rope; wherein the inside of the guide rail forms a hollow tubular cavity. The body, at least a portion of the traction rope is located within the tubular cavity. Wherein, the rail has a strip-shaped hole, and the strip-shaped hole is connected to the outside of the tubular cavity and the guide rail; the trolley is provided with a connecting arm, and the connecting arm penetrates into the tubular cavity through the strip-shaped hole and is connected with the traction rope.
本发明的一个实施例还提供了一种清扫装置,包括上述的小车运行机构。并且,在一个例子中,在清扫装置中,还包括了至少一台牵引机构和保护套管。牵引绳从导轨的两端伸出,与牵引机构相连接。保护套管设于牵引机构与导轨之间,保护套管包住至少部分位于牵引机构与导轨之间的牵引绳。保护套管可以有效防止牵引绳因暴露于空气之中,受风沙雨雪影响导致的锈蚀。An embodiment of the present invention also provides a cleaning device comprising the above-described trolley running mechanism. Also, in one example, at least one traction mechanism and protective sleeve are included in the cleaning device. The traction rope extends from both ends of the guide rail and is connected to the traction mechanism. The protective sleeve is disposed between the traction mechanism and the guide rail, and the protective sleeve encloses the traction rope at least partially located between the traction mechanism and the guide rail. The protective sleeve can effectively prevent the traction rope from being exposed to the air and being rusted by the influence of wind, sand and rain.
相对于现有技术而言,本发明的一个实施例通过将至少一部分牵引绳埋设在导轨内,解决了与导轨并行部分的牵引绳的锈蚀问题。并利用设于牵引机构和导轨之间的保护套管,有效地防止了伸出导轨之外的部分的牵引绳的锈蚀问题。利用本发明的实施方式所提供的技术方案,由于省去了对牵引绳的防锈要求,因此可以大幅度地降低牵引绳的成本。In contrast to the prior art, one embodiment of the present invention solves the problem of rusting of the traction rope in parallel with the rail by burying at least a portion of the leash in the rail. And by using the protective sleeve disposed between the traction mechanism and the guide rail, the problem of corrosion of the traction rope protruding from the portion other than the guide rail is effectively prevented. According to the technical solution provided by the embodiment of the present invention, since the rust prevention requirement for the traction rope is omitted, the cost of the traction rope can be greatly reduced.
在一个例子中,条形孔在导轨的长度方向贯穿导轨,与管状腔体共同形成滑槽,连接臂在牵引绳的带动下,沿滑槽移动。如此一来,小车可以通过滑槽从导轨外划入导轨内,使得需要拆装小车而进行的维护保养变得更加容易。In one example, the strip-shaped holes extend through the guide rails in the longitudinal direction of the guide rails, and together with the tubular cavities, form a chute, and the connecting arms are moved along the chutes under the driving of the traction ropes. In this way, the trolley can be traversed into the guide rail from the outside of the guide rail through the chute, so that the maintenance required to disassemble the trolley becomes easier.
在一个例子中,条形孔的边缘设有防尘毛条。通过防尘毛条,可以有效防止灰尘通过条形孔进入导轨的管状腔体内,防止因灰尘堆积造成导轨失效。此外,防尘毛条对连接臂还提供了阻尼作用,可以防止小车因惯性持续运动,导致牵引绳发生绕绳。In one example, the edges of the strip holes are provided with a dust-proof top. Through the dust-proof tops, dust can be effectively prevented from entering the tubular cavity of the guide rail through the strip-shaped holes, thereby preventing the guide rail from being invalid due to dust accumulation. In addition, the dust-proof top strip also provides a damping effect on the connecting arm, which can prevent the trolley from continuously moving due to inertia, causing the traction rope to be wound around the rope.
在一个例子中,连接臂也可以沿着导轨在竖直方向上的中轴线穿入管状腔体。通过中轴线穿入管状腔体的连接臂由于受力位置左右对称,具备更好的稳定性。此时,连接臂可以从导轨的顶部伸入管状腔体,也可以从底部伸入管状腔体。由于从底部开孔相对于顶部开孔而言具有更好的防尘和防雨效果,并且为了使受力均匀,连接臂可以包括两条支臂,两条支臂分别绕过导轨的左右两侧并相汇于导轨的底部,且连接臂从导轨的底部穿入管状腔 体。In one example, the connecting arm can also penetrate the tubular cavity along the central axis of the rail in the vertical direction. The connecting arm that penetrates the tubular cavity through the central axis is more symmetrical due to the force position, and has better stability. At this point, the connecting arm can extend from the top of the rail into the tubular cavity or from the bottom into the tubular cavity. Since the bottom opening has better dustproof and rainproof effect with respect to the top opening, and in order to make the force uniform, the connecting arm can include two arms, and the two arms respectively bypass the left and right sides of the rail Side and merge at the bottom of the guide rail, and the connecting arm penetrates into the tubular cavity from the bottom of the guide rail body.
在一个例子中,导轨的顶部也可以形成防尘檐,条形孔位于防尘檐的下方。此时,连接臂可以绕过防尘檐,从下方的条形孔伸入管状腔体内,从而与牵引绳相连接。利用防尘檐不但可以防止尘土进入管状腔体,而且可以有效阻挡雨雪侵入,从而延长设备使用寿命。进一步地来说,在一个例子中,条形孔可以位于导轨的肩部,此时连接臂从导轨的侧面伸入管状腔体;或者,条形孔也可以位于导轨的腰部,连接臂从导轨的侧面倾斜向上伸入管状腔体。当条形孔位于导轨的肩部时,可以更大程度地压缩导轨的高度,而当条形孔位于导轨的腰部时,则具有更好的防尘防水效果。In one example, the top of the rail may also form a dust mites, the strip holes being located below the dust mites. At this time, the connecting arm can bypass the dust mitigation and protrude from the lower strip hole into the tubular cavity to be connected with the traction rope. The use of dust mites not only prevents dust from entering the tubular cavity, but also effectively blocks the intrusion of rain and snow, thereby extending the life of the equipment. Further, in one example, the strip-shaped holes may be located at the shoulder of the guide rail, and the connecting arm extends from the side of the guide rail into the tubular cavity; or the strip-shaped hole may also be located at the waist of the guide rail, and the connecting arm is guided from the guide rail The sides are inclined upwardly into the tubular cavity. When the strip hole is located at the shoulder of the rail, the height of the rail can be compressed to a greater extent, and when the strip hole is located at the waist of the rail, it has a better dustproof and waterproof effect.
在一个例子中,导轨的底部设有燕尾槽。燕尾槽可以方便导轨的组装和固定。In one example, the bottom of the rail is provided with a dovetail slot. The dovetail slot facilitates the assembly and fixing of the rails.
在一个例子中,小车上对应导轨两侧的位置设有滚轮,滚轮的旋转轴与导轨所安装的台面垂直。进一步地来说,滚轮中央可以向内凹陷,形成凹陷部;导轨两侧向外突出,形成突出部;导轨两侧的突出部分别与对应设置的滚轮的凹陷部相互配合,使得滚轮卡住导轨。相对于滚轮突出而导轨凹陷的技术方案而言,突出的导轨可以有效防止灰尘聚集,从而防止导轨阻力增大和失效。In one example, the cart is provided with rollers on the sides of the corresponding rails, and the rotating shaft of the rollers is perpendicular to the table on which the rails are mounted. Further, the center of the roller may be recessed inward to form a recessed portion; the two sides of the guide rail protrude outwardly to form a protruding portion; the protruding portions on both sides of the guide rail respectively cooperate with the corresponding recessed portions of the roller, so that the roller catches the guide rail . In contrast to the technical solution in which the roller is protruded and the guide rail is recessed, the protruding guide rail can effectively prevent dust from collecting, thereby preventing the rail resistance from increasing and failing.
在一个例子中,当所述条形孔位于所述导轨的肩部时,所述导轨的肩部有部分向管状腔体内部延伸形成盖住所述牵引绳的帽檐;当所述条形孔位于所述导轨的腰部时,所述导轨的腰部有部分向管状腔体内部延伸形成盖住所述牵引绳的帽檐。通过帽檐可对位于管状腔体内牵引绳进行遮挡,避免牵引绳在传递过程中从导轨中脱离,以保证小车在导轨上的稳定运动。In one example, when the strip hole is located at a shoulder of the rail, the shoulder of the rail has a portion extending toward the interior of the tubular cavity to form a brim covering the leash; when the strip hole When located at the waist of the rail, the waist portion of the rail extends partially into the interior of the tubular cavity to form a brim that covers the leash. The leash can be shielded by the brim in the tubular cavity to prevent the leash from being detached from the guide rail during the transfer process to ensure stable movement of the trolley on the guide rail.
在一个例子中,所述导轨上具有N个镂空部;其中,所述N为自然数,且所述镂空部与所述管状腔体的长度一致。通过在导轨内开设多个镂空部,在保证可靠性的同时,还可降低导轨的重量,使得导轨更便于安装。 In one example, the rail has N hollows; wherein the N is a natural number and the hollow is coincident with the length of the tubular cavity. By opening a plurality of hollow portions in the guide rail, the reliability of the guide rail can be reduced, and the guide rail can be more easily installed.
另外,本发明的一个实施例还提一种光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,包含分别设置在光伏面板单元上下两侧的上轨和下轨;其中,所述光伏面板单元的四周包覆有框体,且所述框体的上下两侧向内弯折形成包住所述光伏面板单元的包边:所述光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构还包含固定所述上轨的上支架和固定所述下轨的下支架,且所述上、下支架分别具有用于夹住所述光伏面板单元框体的夹持部;其中,所述上、下夹持部内分别设有勾住所述框体包边的钩爪部。In addition, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, comprising upper and lower rails respectively disposed on upper and lower sides of the photovoltaic panel unit; wherein the photovoltaic panel unit is covered with a frame body, and the upper and lower sides of the frame body are bent inwardly to form a hem surrounding the photovoltaic panel unit: the track mechanism of the photovoltaic panel cleaning device further comprises an upper bracket and a fixed fixed upper rail a lower bracket of the lower rail, and the upper and lower brackets respectively have clamping portions for clamping the photovoltaic panel unit frame; wherein the upper and lower clamping portions are respectively provided with hooking the frame The body of the hook claws.
本实施例相对于现有技术而言,由于在清扫装置中,固定上轨的上支架和固定下轨的下支架分别具有上、下夹持部,而上、下夹持部内分别设有钩爪部,可分别从框体的上下两侧勾住框体包边,从而可防止刮刀机构在轨道机构上运行时,上支架和下支架因受到刮刀机构的冲击而产生脱落,进而保证了刮刀机构在上轨和下轨上的平稳运行。Compared with the prior art, in the cleaning device, the upper bracket for fixing the upper rail and the lower bracket for fixing the lower rail respectively have upper and lower clamping portions, and hooks are respectively provided in the upper and lower clamping portions. The claw portion can respectively hook the frame body from the upper and lower sides of the frame body, thereby preventing the upper bracket and the lower bracket from falling off due to the impact of the blade mechanism when the blade mechanism is operated on the track mechanism, thereby ensuring the blade The smooth running of the mechanism on the upper and lower rails.
在一个例子中,所述钩爪部为设置在所述夹持部内带有弯钩的板状部件。由于弯钩具有良好的勾取效果,且可以保证板状部件的牢固程度,从而可以从框体的上下两侧勾住框体包边,增强上、下夹持部对框体的夹持力,进而增强了框体与上、下支架之间的连接。In one example, the hook portion is a plate-like member provided with a hook in the clamping portion. Since the hook has a good hooking effect and can ensure the firmness of the plate member, the frame body can be hooked from the upper and lower sides of the frame body to enhance the clamping force of the upper and lower clamping portions on the frame body. , thereby enhancing the connection between the frame and the upper and lower brackets.
在一个例子中,所述板状部件的弯钩包含抵在所述框体包边外表面的水平部、与所述水平部相连并包住所述包边端部的折弯部。从而可保证板状部件的弯钩能够牢牢地勾住框体的包边。In one example, the hook of the plate member includes a horizontal portion that abuts against an outer surface of the frame body, and a bent portion that is continuous with the horizontal portion and encloses the edge of the bead. Thereby, it is ensured that the hook of the plate member can firmly hook the hem of the frame.
在一个例子中,为了满足实际应用中的装配需要,所述板状部件可拆卸的分别安装在所述上、下支架的夹持部内,或分别与所述上、下支架的夹持部一体成型。In one example, in order to meet the assembly needs in practical applications, the plate-like members are detachably mounted in the clamping portions of the upper and lower brackets, respectively, or are respectively integrated with the clamping portions of the upper and lower brackets. forming.
在一个例子中,当所述板状部件可拆卸的分别安装在所述上、下支架的夹持部内时,所述板状部件可以分别与所述上、下夹持部通过锁紧件固定连接。从而使得板状部件可以分别与上、下夹持部牢固的结合在一起,进而使得上、下夹持部的钩爪部在分别勾住光伏面板单元的框边时,上、下支架 可承受住刮刀机构带来的冲击。In one example, when the plate-like members are detachably mounted in the clamping portions of the upper and lower brackets, respectively, the plate-like members may be respectively fixed to the upper and lower clamping portions by a locking member. connection. Therefore, the plate-shaped members can be firmly combined with the upper and lower clamping portions, respectively, so that the hook portions of the upper and lower clamping portions respectively hook the frame side of the photovoltaic panel unit, the upper and lower brackets Can withstand the impact of the scraper mechanism.
在一个例子中,为了保证锁紧件具有良好的锁止效果,同时便于板状部件的拆卸和安装,所述锁紧件为螺栓或带有外螺纹的定位销。In one example, in order to ensure that the locking member has a good locking effect while facilitating the removal and installation of the plate member, the locking member is a bolt or a positioning pin with an external thread.
在一个例子中,所述上、下支架的上表面还分别开设用于安装所述上轨和所述下轨的轨道槽,而所述上轨和所述下轨的底部形成用于插入所述轨道槽内的插入部;其中,所述轨道槽的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向所述轨道槽的中心收拢,且所述插入部的截面形状与所述轨道槽的截面形状相同,并在所述插入部插入所述轨道槽内后,由所述轨道槽侧的槽壁倒扣住所述插入部对所述插入部锁紧固定。由于上、下支架上分别开设有轨道槽,上轨和下轨的底部具有插入部,并且轨道槽的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向轨道槽的中心收拢,从而使得上轨和下轨的插入部在插入轨道槽内后,可通过轨道槽的两侧槽壁对上轨和下轨的插入部进行锁紧固定,以此实现上、下轨和上、下固定支架之间的安装。In one example, the upper surfaces of the upper and lower brackets also respectively define track grooves for mounting the upper rail and the lower rail, and the bottoms of the upper rail and the lower rail are formed for insertion. An insertion portion in the track groove; wherein the groove walls on both sides of the track groove gradually gather from the bottom to the top toward the center of the track groove, and the cross-sectional shape of the insertion portion is the same as the cross-sectional shape of the track groove, And after the insertion portion is inserted into the track groove, the insertion portion is locked and fixed by the groove wall on the track groove side. Since the upper and lower brackets are respectively provided with track grooves, the bottoms of the upper rail and the lower rail have insertion portions, and the groove walls on both sides of the track grooves gradually gather from the bottom to the top toward the center of the track grooves, thereby making the upper rail and the lower rail After the insertion portion is inserted into the track groove, the insertion portions of the upper rail and the lower rail can be locked and fixed by the groove walls on both sides of the track groove, thereby achieving installation between the upper and lower rails and the upper and lower fixing brackets.
在一个例子中,所述夹持部包含抵用于夹住所述框体上下两侧包边的第一夹持板和第二夹持板;其中,所述第一夹持板和所述第二夹持板相互平行设置。由于第一夹持板和第二夹持板是的相互平行设置的,从而可使得第一夹持板和第二夹持板与框体的外表面紧密的贴合在一起。In one example, the clamping portion includes a first clamping plate and a second clamping plate that are adapted to clamp the upper and lower sides of the frame; wherein the first clamping plate and the first clamping plate The second clamping plates are arranged parallel to each other. Since the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are disposed in parallel with each other, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate can be closely attached to the outer surface of the frame.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明部分实施例的第一例子中滚轮的旋转轴与导轨所安装的台面垂直时小车运行机构的剖面示意图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a carriage running mechanism when a rotating shaft of a roller is perpendicular to a table surface on which a guide rail is mounted in a first example of a part of the embodiment of the present invention.
图2是本发明部分实施例的第一例子中滚轮的旋转轴与导轨所安装的台面平行时小车运行机构的剖面示意图。2 is a cross-sectional view showing the running mechanism of the carriage when the rotating shaft of the roller is parallel to the table on which the guide rail is mounted in the first example of the embodiment of the present invention.
图3是本发明部分实施例的第二例子中小车运行机构的剖面示意图。Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the carriage running mechanism in the second example of the embodiment of the present invention.
图4是本发明部分实施例的第三例子中小车运行机构条形孔位于导轨的 肩部时的剖面示意图。4 is a third example of a part of the embodiment of the present invention in which the strip-shaped hole of the trolley running mechanism is located on the guide rail. Schematic diagram of the shoulder.
图5是本发明部分实施例的第三例子中小车运行机构条形孔位于导轨的腰部时的剖面示意图。Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the strip hole of the trolley running mechanism in the third example of the embodiment of the present invention when the strip hole is located at the waist of the guide rail.
图6是本发明部分实施例的第一例子中条形孔与导轨两端接近齐平时导轨的立体示意图。Figure 6 is a perspective view of the guide rail in the first example of the first embodiment of the present invention when the strip holes are nearly flush with the ends of the guide rail.
图7是本发明部分实施例的第一例子条形孔贯穿导轨形成滑槽时导轨的立体示意图。Fig. 7 is a perspective view showing the guide rail of the first example of the embodiment of the present invention when the strip hole penetrates the guide rail to form a chute.
图8是本发明部分实施例的第五例子的小车运行机构的结构示意图。Figure 8 is a schematic view showing the structure of a carriage running mechanism of a fifth example of a part of the embodiment of the present invention.
图9是本发明部分实施例的第六例子的清扫装置的结构示意图。Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the structure of a cleaning device of a sixth example of the embodiment of the present invention.
图10是本发明部分实施例的第七例子清扫装置的示意图。Figure 10 is a schematic illustration of a seventh example cleaning device in accordance with some embodiments of the present invention.
图11为本发明部分实施例的第八例子的清扫装置的结构示意图。Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of a cleaning device of an eighth example of the present invention.
图12为本发明部分实施例的第八例子中轨道机构的装配示意图。Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the assembly of the rail mechanism in the eighth example of the embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合附图对本发明以举例方式所描述的实施例中的各例子进行详细的阐述。然而,本领域的普通技术人员可以理解,在各例子中,为了使读者更好地理解本申请而提出了许多技术细节。但是,即使没有这些技术细节和基于以下各例子的种种变化和修改,也可以实现本申请各权利要求所要求保护的技术方案。In order to make the objects, the technical solutions and the advantages of the present invention more clearly, the examples of the embodiments described by the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that in the examples, numerous technical details are set forth in order to provide the reader with a better understanding of the application. However, the technical solutions claimed in the claims of the present application can be implemented without these technical details and various changes and modifications based on the following examples.
第一例子涉及一种小车运行机构,如图1所示,包括牵引绳3、导轨2和小车1,小车1在牵引绳3的带动下,沿导轨2运动;其中,导轨2的内部形成中空的管状腔体21,牵引绳3至少有一部分位于管状腔体21内,小车1与牵引绳3连接,牵引绳3与小车1的连接部位于管状腔体21内。其中,导轨2上开有条形孔23,条形孔23接通管状腔体21和导轨2的外部, 导轨2的形状可以参照图6所示。而小车1上则设有连接臂11,连接臂11通过条形孔23穿入管状腔体21,与牵引绳3连接。通过连接臂11将小车1和导轨2相互连接,可以使得小车1运行得更加稳定。The first example relates to a trolley running mechanism, as shown in FIG. 1, comprising a traction rope 3, a guide rail 2 and a trolley 1 which is moved along the guide rail 2 under the driving of the traction rope 3; wherein the inside of the guide rail 2 is hollow The tubular cavity 21, at least a part of the traction rope 3 is located in the tubular cavity 21, the trolley 1 is connected to the traction rope 3, and the connection portion of the traction rope 3 and the trolley 1 is located in the tubular cavity 21. Wherein, the rail 2 is provided with a strip-shaped hole 23, and the strip-shaped hole 23 is connected to the outside of the tubular cavity 21 and the guide rail 2, The shape of the guide rail 2 can be referred to FIG. On the other hand, the trolley 1 is provided with a connecting arm 11, and the connecting arm 11 penetrates into the tubular cavity 21 through the strip hole 23, and is connected to the pulling rope 3. By connecting the cart 1 and the guide rail 2 to each other by the connecting arm 11, the cart 1 can be made to operate more stably.
在本例子中,连接臂11沿着导轨2在竖直方向上的中轴线穿入管状腔体21。通过中轴线穿入管状腔体21的连接臂11由于受力位置左右对称,具备更好的稳定性。参照图1所示,本例子中的连接臂11从导轨2的顶部伸入管状腔体21。In the present example, the connecting arm 11 penetrates the tubular cavity 21 along the central axis of the guide rail 2 in the vertical direction. The connecting arm 11 that penetrates the tubular cavity 21 through the central axis is bilaterally symmetrical due to the force position, and has better stability. Referring to Fig. 1, the connecting arm 11 of this example projects from the top of the guide rail 2 into the tubular cavity 21.
在本例子中,小车1上对应导轨2两侧的位置设有滚轮12,滚轮12的旋转轴与导轨2所安装的台面垂直,滚轮12卡住导轨2。具体地说来,如图1所示,滚轮12中央向内凹陷,形成凹陷部;导轨2两侧向外突出,形成突出部;导轨2两侧的突出部分别与对应设置的滚轮12的凹陷部相互配合。相对于滚轮12突出而导轨2凹陷的技术方案而言,两侧处于突出状态的导轨2可以有效防止导轨2内的灰尘聚集,从而防止导轨2阻力增大和失效。In the present example, the carriage 12 is provided with rollers 12 at positions on both sides of the guide rail 2. The rotation axis of the roller 12 is perpendicular to the table surface on which the guide rail 2 is mounted, and the roller 12 catches the guide rail 2. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1 , the center of the roller 12 is recessed inwardly to form a recessed portion; the two sides of the guide rail 2 protrude outward to form a protruding portion; the protruding portions on both sides of the guide rail 2 respectively are recessed with the correspondingly disposed roller 12 The departments cooperate with each other. With respect to the technical solution in which the roller 12 is protruded and the guide rail 2 is recessed, the guide rails 2 on both sides in a protruding state can effectively prevent dust from collecting in the guide rail 2, thereby preventing the resistance of the guide rail 2 from increasing and failing.
在一个例子中,小车1的滚轮12也可以如图2所示那样,滚轮12的旋转轴与导轨2所安装的台面平行,滚轮12卡住导轨2,此时导轨2设于滚轮12的下方。相对于滚轮12的旋转轴与导轨2所安装的台面垂直的技术方案而言,本方案所需的导轨2占用的空间稍大。显然,滚轮12与导轨2的配合方式还有很多种,具体的配合方式并不影响本例子基本技术方案的实现。In an example, the roller 12 of the trolley 1 can also be as shown in FIG. 2, the rotation axis of the roller 12 is parallel to the table surface on which the guide rail 2 is mounted, and the roller 12 is stuck to the guide rail 2, and the guide rail 2 is disposed under the roller 12 at this time. . With respect to the technical solution in which the rotating shaft of the roller 12 is perpendicular to the table top on which the guide rail 2 is mounted, the space required for the guide rail 2 required by the present embodiment is slightly larger. Obviously, there are many ways for the roller 12 to cooperate with the guide rail 2. The specific cooperation manner does not affect the implementation of the basic technical solution of the present example.
在本例子中,条形孔23如图6所示,在导轨2的长度方向上可以与导轨2接近齐平,也可以如图7所示,贯穿导轨2,与管状腔体21共同形成滑槽,连接臂11在牵引绳3的带动下,沿滑槽移动。当导轨2形成滑槽时,小车1可以通过滑槽从导轨2外滑入导轨2内,使得需要拆装小车1而进行的维护保养变得更加容易。In the present example, as shown in FIG. 6, the strip hole 23 may be flush with the guide rail 2 in the longitudinal direction of the guide rail 2, or may be formed to slide through the guide rail 2 together with the tubular cavity 21 as shown in FIG. The groove, the connecting arm 11 is moved along the chute under the driving of the traction rope 3. When the guide rail 2 forms a chute, the trolley 1 can be slid into the guide rail 2 from the outside of the guide rail 2 through the chute, so that maintenance required to disassemble the trolley 1 becomes easier.
在本例子中,导轨2的底部设有燕尾槽24。燕尾槽24可以方便导轨2的组装和固定。显然,导轨2的底部还可以有其他方便设置导轨2的设计, 例如,在导轨2的底部还可以预留螺孔,以供导轨2与安装平台螺接。In the present example, the bottom of the guide rail 2 is provided with a dovetail groove 24. The dovetail slot 24 facilitates assembly and securing of the rail 2. Obviously, the bottom of the guide rail 2 can also have other designs for conveniently setting the guide rail 2. For example, a screw hole may be reserved at the bottom of the guide rail 2 for the guide rail 2 to be screwed to the mounting platform.
在本例子中,连接臂11可以与小车1固定连接,也可以与小车1可活动或者可拆卸连接。相对而言,当连接臂11可拆卸时,可以先将小车1安装在导轨2上,将连接臂11与牵引绳3连接,然后再与小车1连接。当连接臂11可活动时,也可以先向外侧移开连接臂11,装上小车1之后将连接臂11枢转回来,并与牵引绳3连接。在条形孔23未贯穿导轨2的前提下,连接臂11的可拆卸或可活动连接能够帮助小车1更简便地安装在导轨2上。In the present example, the connecting arm 11 can be fixedly connected to the trolley 1 or can be movably or detachably connected to the trolley 1. In contrast, when the connecting arm 11 is detachable, the trolley 1 can be first mounted on the guide rail 2, the connecting arm 11 is connected to the traction rope 3, and then connected to the trolley 1. When the connecting arm 11 is movable, the connecting arm 11 can also be removed to the outside first, and after the loading of the trolley 1, the connecting arm 11 is pivoted back and connected to the pulling rope 3. The detachable or movable connection of the connecting arm 11 can help the trolley 1 to be more easily mounted on the guide rail 2 on the premise that the strip hole 23 does not penetrate the guide rail 2.
相对于现有技术而言,本例子通过将至少一部分牵引绳3埋设在导轨2内,解决了与导轨并行部分的牵引绳3的锈蚀问题。利用本例子所提供的技术方案,由于省去了对牵引绳3的防锈要求,因此可以大幅度地降低牵引绳3的成本。With respect to the prior art, the present example solves the problem of rusting of the traction rope 3 in parallel with the guide rail by embedding at least a part of the traction rope 3 in the guide rail 2. With the technical solution provided by the present example, since the rust prevention requirement for the traction rope 3 is omitted, the cost of the traction rope 3 can be greatly reduced.
第二例子涉及一种小车运行机构,第二例子是第一例子的进一步改进,主要改进之处在于:在第二例子中,连接臂11从底部伸入管状腔体21。如图3所示,连接臂11包括两条支臂,两条支臂分别绕过导轨2的左右两侧并相汇于导轨2的底部,且连接臂11从导轨2的底部穿入管状腔体21。The second example relates to a trolley running mechanism, and the second example is a further improvement of the first example, the main improvement being that in the second example, the connecting arm 11 projects from the bottom into the tubular cavity 21. As shown in FIG. 3, the connecting arm 11 includes two arms, which respectively bypass the left and right sides of the guide rail 2 and meet at the bottom of the guide rail 2, and the connecting arm 11 penetrates into the tubular cavity from the bottom of the guide rail 2. Body 21.
由于从底部开孔相对于顶部开孔而言具有更好的防尘和防雨效果,左右对称的两条支臂使得牵引绳3对小车1车体的牵引力得到均匀分布,大幅度地提高了小车1运行的稳定性。Since the bottom opening has better dustproof and rainproof effect with respect to the top opening, the two symmetrical arms enable the traction of the traction rope 3 to the body of the trolley 1 to be evenly distributed, which is greatly improved. The stability of the car 1 operation.
为了方便连接臂11从导轨2的底部穿过,对导轨2的固定方式可以作适应性的设计。具体地说来,可以将导轨2的两端分别固定在台面的两侧,使得导轨2被架空,也可以在一条导轨2上设置多节小车1,每节小车1负责一个导轨2区域,每个导轨2区域的接缝处设置导轨2固定桩。In order to facilitate the passage of the connecting arm 11 from the bottom of the guide rail 2, the fixing manner of the guide rail 2 can be adaptively designed. Specifically, the two ends of the guide rail 2 can be respectively fixed on both sides of the table top, so that the guide rail 2 is overhead, or a multi-section trolley 1 can be disposed on one guide rail 2, and each trolley 1 is responsible for one guide rail 2 area, each The guide rail 2 is fixed at the joint of the rail 2 area.
第三例子涉及一种小车运行机构,第三例子与第一例子略有不同,主要不同之处在于:在第一例子中,连接臂11沿着导轨2在竖直方向上的中轴线穿入管状腔体21,因此条形孔23位于导轨2在竖直方向上的中轴线上; 而在第三例子中,参见图4或图5所示,导轨2的顶部形成防尘檐22,条形孔23位于防尘檐22的下方。The third example relates to a trolley running mechanism, and the third example is slightly different from the first example, the main difference being that in the first example, the connecting arm 11 penetrates along the central axis of the guide rail 2 in the vertical direction. a tubular cavity 21, such that the strip-shaped aperture 23 is located on the central axis of the guide rail 2 in the vertical direction; In the third example, as shown in FIG. 4 or FIG. 5, the top of the guide rail 2 is formed with a dustproof cymbal 22, and the strip-shaped hole 23 is located below the dust mites 22.
此时,连接臂11可以绕过防尘檐22,从下方的条形孔23伸入管状腔体21内,从而与牵引绳3相连接。利用防尘檐22不但可以防止尘土进入管状腔体21,而且可以有效阻挡雨雪侵入,从而延长设备使用寿命。At this time, the connecting arm 11 can be passed around the dust dam 22 and protrude from the lower strip hole 23 into the tubular cavity 21 to be connected to the pulling rope 3. The use of the dust mites 22 not only prevents dust from entering the tubular cavity 21, but also effectively blocks the intrusion of rain and snow, thereby extending the service life of the device.
进一步地来说,在本例子中,参见图4所示。条形孔23可以位于导轨2的肩部,此时连接臂11从导轨2的侧面伸入管状腔体21。在保障防尘防水效果的前提下,如此设置可以更大程度地压缩导轨2的高度,提高轨道的稳定性。具体地说来,在这一技术方案中,如图4,条形孔23的下边缘还可以设有一定的弧度,从而使得下雨时水滴可以沿着该弧度向下流淌低落。Further, in this example, see FIG. The strip hole 23 may be located at the shoulder of the guide rail 2, at which time the connecting arm 11 projects into the tubular cavity 21 from the side of the guide rail 2. Under the premise of ensuring the dustproof and waterproof effect, the arrangement can compress the height of the guide rail 2 to a greater extent and improve the stability of the track. Specifically, in this technical solution, as shown in Fig. 4, the lower edge of the strip hole 23 may also be provided with a certain curvature so that water droplets may flow down and down along the arc when it rains.
或者,参见图5所示,条形孔23也可以位于导轨2的腰部,连接臂11从导轨2的侧面倾斜向上伸入管状腔体21。显然,当条形孔23位于导轨2的腰部时,雨水和尘土难以在管状腔体21内蓄积,因此具有更好的防尘防水效果。Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 5, the strip hole 23 may also be located at the waist of the guide rail 2, and the connecting arm 11 projects obliquely upward from the side of the guide rail 2 into the tubular cavity 21. Obviously, when the strip hole 23 is located at the waist of the guide rail 2, rainwater and dust are hard to accumulate in the tubular cavity 21, and thus have a better dustproof and waterproof effect.
第四例子涉及一种小车运行机构,第四例子是上述三种例子的进一步改进,主要改进之处在于:在第四例子中,在条形孔23的边缘设有防尘毛条。The fourth example relates to a trolley running mechanism, and the fourth example is a further improvement of the above three examples, the main improvement being that, in the fourth example, a dustproof top is provided at the edge of the strip hole 23.
通过防尘毛条,可以有效防止灰尘通过条形孔23进入导轨2的管状腔体21内,防止因灰尘堆积造成导轨2失效。此外,防尘毛条对连接臂11还提供了阻尼作用,可以防止小车1因惯性持续运动,导致牵引绳3发生绕绳。Through the dustproof top, it is possible to effectively prevent dust from entering the tubular cavity 21 of the guide rail 2 through the strip hole 23, thereby preventing the guide rail 2 from being ineffective due to dust accumulation. In addition, the dustproof top provides a damping effect on the connecting arm 11, which prevents the trolley 1 from continuously moving due to inertia, resulting in the rope 3 being wound around the rope.
第五例子涉及一种小车运行机构,第五例子是在第一例子的基础上作了进一步改进,其主要改进在于:如图8所示,在本例子中,导轨2内开设有多个镂空部2-1,且镂空部2-1与管状腔体21的长度一致。由此不难发现,通过在导轨2内开设多个镂空部2-1,在保证可靠性的同时,还可降低 导轨的重量,使得导轨更便于安装。The fifth example relates to a trolley running mechanism, and the fifth example is further improved on the basis of the first example, and the main improvement is that, as shown in FIG. 8, in the present example, the guide rail 2 is provided with a plurality of hollows. The portion 2-1 and the hollow portion 2-1 coincide with the length of the tubular cavity 21. Therefore, it is not difficult to find that by providing a plurality of hollow portions 2-1 in the guide rail 2, it is possible to reduce reliability while ensuring reliability. The weight of the rails makes the rails easier to install.
第六例子涉及一种小车运行机构,第六例子是在第三例子的基础上作了进一步改进,其主要改进在于:在本例子中,如图9所示,导轨2的管状腔体内还可以设有一个用于盖住牵引绳的帽檐2-2,且当条形孔位于导轨2的肩部时,导轨2的肩部有部分向管状腔体内部延伸形成盖住牵引绳的帽檐2-2。而当条形孔位于导轨的腰部时,导轨2的腰部有部分向管状腔体内部延伸形成盖住牵引绳3的帽檐2-2。通过帽檐2-2可对位于管状腔体内牵引绳3进行遮挡,避免牵引绳3在传递过程中从导轨2中脱离,以保证小车在导轨上的稳定运动。The sixth example relates to a trolley running mechanism, and the sixth example is further improved on the basis of the third example, the main improvement of which is: in this example, as shown in FIG. 9, the tubular cavity of the guide rail 2 can also be A cap 2-2 for covering the traction rope is provided, and when the strip hole is located at the shoulder of the guide rail 2, the shoulder of the guide rail 2 has a portion extending toward the inside of the tubular cavity to form a cap 2 covering the traction rope 2 2. When the strip hole is located at the waist of the guide rail, the waist portion of the guide rail 2 partially extends toward the inside of the tubular cavity to form a brim 2-2 covering the leash 3. The traction rope 3 located in the tubular cavity can be shielded by the brim 2-2 to prevent the traction rope 3 from being detached from the guide rail 2 during the transmission to ensure stable movement of the trolley on the guide rail.
第七例子涉及一种清扫装置,采用了上述各例子中任意一种小车运行机构,在第五例子中,如图10所示,这一清扫装置还包括了用于提供动力来源的牵引机构4以及用于保护牵引绳3的保护套管5,其中,牵引绳3从导轨2的两端伸出,与牵引机构4相连接,保护套管5设于牵引机构4与导轨2之间,保护套管5包住至少部分位于牵引机构4与导轨2之间的牵引绳3。The seventh example relates to a cleaning device using any of the above-described various types of carriage running mechanisms. In the fifth example, as shown in FIG. 10, the cleaning device further includes a traction mechanism 4 for providing a power source. And a protective sleeve 5 for protecting the traction rope 3, wherein the traction rope 3 protrudes from both ends of the guide rail 2 and is connected with the traction mechanism 4, and the protection sleeve 5 is disposed between the traction mechanism 4 and the guide rail 2 to protect The sleeve 5 encloses a traction rope 3 at least partially located between the traction mechanism 4 and the guide rail 2.
保护套管5可以有效防止牵引绳3因暴露于空气之中,受风沙雨雪影响导致的锈蚀。The protective sleeve 5 can effectively prevent the traction rope 3 from being exposed to the air and being rusted by the influence of wind, sand and rain.
在图10所示的一个例子中,为了便于牵引装置的安装,清扫装置还包括了用于改变牵引绳3运动方向的导轮6。进一步地来说,保护套管5也可以包括导轮保护套,该导轮保护套空套住该导轮6,并与其它部分的保护套管5相连通,从而使得牵引绳3被完全地保护起来。具体地说来,导轮保护套也可以与保护套管5的其余部分之间可拆卸连接,从而降低维修成本,提高拆装效率。In an example shown in Fig. 10, in order to facilitate the installation of the traction device, the cleaning device further includes a guide pulley 6 for changing the direction of movement of the traction rope 3. Further, the protective sleeve 5 may also include a guide wheel guard sleeve that is sleeved around the guide wheel 6 and communicates with other portions of the protective sleeve 5 such that the traction rope 3 is completely Protect it. Specifically, the guide wheel cover can also be detachably connected with the rest of the protective sleeve 5, thereby reducing maintenance costs and improving disassembly efficiency.
在图10所示的一个例子中,牵引机构4有两台,两台牵引机构4分别同牵引绳3的两端连接。显然,牵引机构4也可以是其上设有两个卷线轮机 构的同一台牵引机构。当牵引机构4为一台时,牵引绳3的两端同时与该牵引机构4相连接。并且,为了提供更强的牵引力,也可以将多台牵引机构并联并与牵引绳3连接。In the example shown in Fig. 10, there are two traction mechanisms 4, and the two traction mechanisms 4 are respectively connected to both ends of the traction rope 3. Obviously, the traction mechanism 4 can also be provided with two reeling machines The same traction mechanism. When the traction mechanism 4 is one, both ends of the traction rope 3 are simultaneously connected to the traction mechanism 4. Moreover, in order to provide a stronger traction force, a plurality of traction mechanisms may be connected in parallel and connected to the traction rope 3.
显然,本发明的部分实施例不仅可以应用于光伏电站这一独特的应用场景,在其他可能需要使用到小车运行机构的领域也依然可以得到应用。Obviously, some embodiments of the present invention can be applied not only to the unique application scenario of a photovoltaic power station, but also to other fields that may require the use of a trolley operating mechanism.
第八例子涉及一种光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,如图11和图12所示,包含分别设置在光伏面板单元34上下两侧的上轨31-1和下轨31-2。其中,光伏面板单元34的四周包覆有框体33,且框体33的上下两侧向内弯折形成包住光伏面板单元34的包边。The eighth example relates to a track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12, which includes an upper rail 31-1 and a lower rail 31-2 which are respectively disposed on upper and lower sides of the photovoltaic panel unit 34. The frame body 33 is covered around the photovoltaic panel unit 34, and the upper and lower sides of the frame body 33 are bent inward to form a hem that encloses the photovoltaic panel unit 34.
其中,光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构还包含固定上轨31-1的上支架32-1和固定下轨31-2的下支架32-2,且上、下支架分别具有用于夹住光伏面板单元34框体33的上夹持部35-1和下夹持部35-2。并且,上、下夹持部内分别设有勾住框体33包边的钩爪部38。Wherein, the track mechanism of the photovoltaic panel cleaning device further comprises an upper bracket 32-1 for fixing the upper rail 31-1 and a lower bracket 32-2 for fixing the lower rail 31-2, and the upper and lower brackets respectively have a function for clamping the photovoltaic The panel unit 34 has an upper clamping portion 35-1 and a lower clamping portion 35-2 of the frame 33. Further, hook portions 38 that hook the frame body 33 are provided in the upper and lower clamping portions.
通过上述内容不难发现,由于在光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构中,固定上轨31-1的上支架32-1和固定下轨31-2的下支架32-2分别具有上、下夹持部,而上、下夹持部内分别设有钩爪部38,可分别从框体33的上、下两侧勾住框体33的包边,从而可防止刮刀机构(图中未标注)在轨道机构上运行时,上支架32-1和下支架32-2因受到刮刀机构的冲击而产生脱落,进而保证了刮刀机构在上轨31-1和下轨31-2上的平稳运行。It is not difficult to find through the above that, in the track mechanism of the photovoltaic panel cleaning device, the upper bracket 32-1 for fixing the upper rail 31-1 and the lower bracket 32-2 for fixing the lower rail 31-2 have upper and lower clips, respectively. The holding portion has a hook portion 38 in the upper and lower clamping portions, respectively, and can hook the rim of the frame 33 from the upper and lower sides of the frame 33, thereby preventing the blade mechanism (not shown) When running on the rail mechanism, the upper bracket 32-1 and the lower bracket 32-2 are detached by the impact of the scraper mechanism, thereby ensuring smooth running of the scraper mechanism on the upper rail 31-1 and the lower rail 31-2.
具体的说,在本例子中,为了使得刮刀机构能在轨道机构进行正常的滑动,如图12所示,轨道机构的上支架35-1的上表面还分别开设用于安装上轨31-1的轨道槽36,而上轨31-1和下轨31-2的底部形成用于插入轨道槽36内的插入部310(图中未标注)。其中,轨道槽36的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向轨道槽36的中心收拢,且插入部310的截面形状与轨道槽36的截面形状相同,并在插入部310插入轨道槽36内后,由轨道槽36侧的槽壁倒扣住插入部310对插入部310锁紧固定。而下支架35-2也采用了相同的结 构。Specifically, in the present example, in order to enable the blade mechanism to perform normal sliding in the track mechanism, as shown in FIG. 12, the upper surface of the upper bracket 35-1 of the track mechanism is separately opened for mounting the upper rail 31-1. The track grooves 36, and the bottoms of the upper rails 31-1 and the lower rails 31-2 form insertion portions 310 (not shown) for insertion into the track grooves 36. Wherein, the groove walls on both sides of the track groove 36 gradually merge from the bottom to the top toward the center of the track groove 36, and the cross-sectional shape of the insertion portion 310 is the same as the cross-sectional shape of the track groove 36, and after the insertion portion 310 is inserted into the track groove 36, The insertion portion 310 is locked and fixed by the groove wall on the side of the track groove 36. The lower bracket 35-2 also uses the same knot Structure.
由此可知,由于上、下支架上分别开设有轨道槽36,上轨31-1和下轨31-2的底部具有插入部310,并且轨道槽36的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向轨道槽36的中心收拢,从而使得上轨31-1和下轨31-2的插入部310在插入轨道槽36内后,可通过轨道槽36的两侧槽壁对上轨31-1和下轨31-2的插入部310进行锁紧固定,以此实现上、下轨和上、下固定支架之间的安装。It can be seen that since the upper and lower brackets are respectively provided with the track grooves 36, the bottoms of the upper rails 31-1 and the lower rails 31-2 have the insertion portions 310, and the groove walls on both sides of the track grooves 36 gradually move from the bottom to the top. The center of the groove 36 is gathered such that the insertion portion 310 of the upper rail 31-1 and the lower rail 31-2 can pass through the groove walls on both sides of the track groove 36 to the upper rail 31-1 and the lower rail after being inserted into the rail groove 36. The insertion portion 310 of 31-2 is locked and fixed, thereby achieving installation between the upper and lower rails and the upper and lower fixing brackets.
如图12所示,为了进一步增强上、下固定支架对上、下轨的固定作用,安装在上、下固定支架上的上夹持部35-1和下夹持部35-2内分别具有一个钩爪部38,且钩爪部38为设置在夹持部内带有弯钩的板状部件。As shown in FIG. 12, in order to further enhance the fixing action of the upper and lower fixing brackets on the upper and lower rails, the upper clamping portion 35-1 and the lower clamping portion 35-2 mounted on the upper and lower fixing brackets respectively have One hook portion 38, and the hook portion 38 is a plate-like member provided with a hook in the nip portion.
由此可知,由于弯钩具有良好的勾取效果,且可以保证板状部件的牢固程度,从而可以从两侧勾住框体33的包边,增强上、下夹持部对框体33的夹持力,进而增强了框体33与上、下支架之间的连接。Therefore, since the hook has a good hooking effect and the degree of firmness of the plate member can be ensured, the hem of the frame 33 can be hooked from both sides, and the upper and lower clamping portions can be reinforced to the frame 33. The clamping force, in turn, enhances the connection between the frame 33 and the upper and lower brackets.
具体的说,板状部件的弯钩主要由水平部38-2和折弯部38-1构成,其中,水平部38-2抵在框体33包边外表面,而折弯部38-1与水平部38-2相连并且可以包住框体包边的端部。从而可保证板状部件的弯钩能够牢牢地勾住框体33的包边。Specifically, the hook of the plate member is mainly composed of the horizontal portion 38-2 and the bent portion 38-1, wherein the horizontal portion 38-2 abuts against the outer surface of the frame 33, and the bent portion 38-1 It is connected to the horizontal portion 38-2 and can enclose the end of the frame. Thereby, it is ensured that the hook of the plate member can firmly hook the hem of the frame body 33.
并且,为了满足实际应用中的装配需要,在本例子中,板状部件可采用一体成型的方式分别与上、下支架的上夹持部35-1和下夹持部35-2连为一体。Moreover, in order to meet the assembly needs in practical applications, in the present example, the plate-like members may be integrally formed with the upper clamping portion 35-1 and the lower clamping portion 35-2 of the upper and lower brackets, respectively. .
由此不难发现,由于轨道机构在制造的过程中,板状部件采用了一体成型的方式与上、下支架的夹持部进行连接,从而保证了板状部件与夹持部之间的牢固程度,可使得上、下支架能够承受住刮刀机构的冲击而不致脱落。Therefore, it is not difficult to find that the plate member is integrally formed with the clamping portions of the upper and lower brackets during the manufacturing process, thereby ensuring the firmness between the plate member and the clamping portion. The degree allows the upper and lower brackets to withstand the impact of the scraper mechanism without falling off.
此外,如图12所示,在本例子中,上夹持部35-1包含抵用于夹住框体33上下两侧包边的第一夹持板37-1和第二夹持板37-2。其中,第一夹持板37-1和第二夹持板37-2相互平行设置。从而可使得第一夹持板37-1和第二 夹持板37-2与框体33的外表面紧密的贴合在一起。而下夹持部35-2也采用了与上夹持部35-1相同的结构。Further, as shown in FIG. 12, in the present example, the upper holding portion 35-1 includes a first holding plate 37-1 and a second holding plate 37 for abutting the upper and lower sides of the frame body 33. -2. The first clamping plate 37-1 and the second clamping plate 37-2 are disposed in parallel with each other. Thereby making the first clamping plate 37-1 and the second The holding plate 37-2 is closely attached to the outer surface of the frame 33. The lower clamping portion 35-2 also has the same structure as the upper clamping portion 35-1.
第九例子涉及一种光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,第九例子与第八例子大致相同,其不同之处在于:板状部件可拆卸的安装在上、下支架的夹持部内。The ninth example relates to a track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, and the ninth example is substantially the same as the eighth example except that the plate member is detachably mounted in the nip portion of the upper and lower brackets.
通过上述内容不难发现,由于板状部件在分别安装在上、下支架的夹持部内时,板状部件可通过锁紧件39分别与上、下夹持部进行固定连接。从而使得工作人员可根据实际的需求,选择对应的板状部件,并将板状部件分别与上、下夹持部牢固的结合在一起,进而使得上、下夹持部的钩爪部38在分别勾住光伏面板单元34的框边时,上、下支架可承受住刮刀机构带来的冲击。It is not difficult to find from the above that since the plate-like members are respectively mounted in the nip portions of the upper and lower brackets, the plate-like members can be fixedly coupled to the upper and lower nip portions by the locking members 39, respectively. Therefore, the worker can select the corresponding plate-shaped member according to actual needs, and firmly bond the plate-shaped members to the upper and lower clamping portions, respectively, so that the hook portions 38 of the upper and lower clamping portions are When the frame edges of the photovoltaic panel unit 34 are respectively hooked, the upper and lower brackets can withstand the impact of the blade mechanism.
并且,在实际装配的过程中,上夹持部35-1的第一夹持板37-1可通过锁紧件39与钩爪部38的水平部38-2结合在一起,而下夹持部35-2也采用相同的结构,因此,在本例子中,仅对上夹持部35-1作具体的举例和说明。Moreover, during the actual assembly process, the first clamping plate 37-1 of the upper clamping portion 35-1 can be coupled to the horizontal portion 38-2 of the hook portion 38 by the locking member 39, and the lower clamping portion The portion 35-2 also adopts the same structure, and therefore, in the present example, only the upper holding portion 35-1 is specifically exemplified and described.
另外,值得一提的是,在本例子中,为了保证锁紧件39具有良好的锁止效果,同时便于板状部件的拆卸和安装,可以选用螺栓为锁紧件39,其中,螺栓的头部形状可以是六角头的,圆头的,方形头的,沉头的等等,使得操作人员在实际应用中,仅需借助外部工具即可通过螺栓实现板状部件与第一夹持板37-1的锁止和固定。而在实际应用中,锁紧件39还可以采用带有外螺纹的定位销,而本实施方式对此不作具体的限定和说明。In addition, it is worth mentioning that, in the present example, in order to ensure that the locking member 39 has a good locking effect, and at the same time facilitate the disassembly and installation of the plate member, a bolt may be selected as the locking member 39, wherein the head of the bolt The shape of the part may be a hexagonal head, a round head, a square head, a countersunk head, etc., so that the operator can realize the plate-shaped part and the first clamping plate 37 by bolts by means of an external tool only in practical applications. -1 locking and fixing. In the actual application, the locking member 39 can also adopt a positioning pin with an external thread, which is not specifically limited and illustrated in this embodiment.
根据本发明的部分实施例,提供了如下例子。According to some embodiments of the present invention, the following examples are provided.
条款1、一种小车运行机构,包括牵引绳、导轨和小车,其中,所述小车在所述牵引绳的带动下,沿所述导轨运动;Item 1. A trolley running mechanism, comprising a traction rope, a guide rail and a trolley, wherein the trolley moves along the guide rail under the driving of the traction rope;
其中,所述导轨的内部形成中空的管状腔体,至少有一部分所述牵引绳位于所述管状腔体内; Wherein the inside of the guide rail forms a hollow tubular cavity, at least a part of the traction rope is located in the tubular cavity;
其中,所述导轨上开有条形孔,所述条形孔接通所述管状腔体和所述导轨的外部;Wherein the rail is provided with a strip-shaped hole, the strip-shaped hole is connected to the outside of the tubular cavity and the guide rail;
其中,所述小车上设有连接臂,所述连接臂通过所述条形孔穿入所述管状腔体,与所述牵引绳连接。Wherein, the trolley is provided with a connecting arm, and the connecting arm penetrates into the tubular cavity through the strip hole and is connected with the traction rope.
条款2、根据条款1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述连接臂沿着所述导轨在竖直方向上的中轴线穿入所述管状腔体。Item 2. The trolley running mechanism of clause 1, wherein the connecting arm penetrates the tubular cavity along a central axis of the guide rail in a vertical direction.
条款3、根据条款1或2所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述连接臂包括两条支臂,所述两条支臂分别绕过所述导轨的左右两侧并相汇于所述导轨的底部,所述连接臂从所述导轨的底部穿入所述管状腔体。Clause 3, the trolley running mechanism according to Item 1 or 2, wherein the connecting arm comprises two arms, the two arms respectively bypassing the left and right sides of the guide rail and merging on the guide rail At the bottom of the rail, the connecting arm penetrates the tubular cavity from the bottom of the rail.
条款4、根据条款1,2或3所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述导轨的顶部形成防尘檐,所述条形孔位于所述防尘檐的下方。Clause 4. The cart running mechanism of clause 1, 2 or 3, wherein the top of the rail forms a dust mites, the strip holes being located below the dust mites.
条款5、根据条款1到4中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述条形孔位于所述导轨的肩部,所述连接臂从所述导轨的侧面伸入所述管状腔体;Clause 5. The cart running mechanism of any of clauses 1 to 4, wherein the strip hole is located at a shoulder of the rail, the connecting arm extending into the tubular cavity from a side of the rail body;
或者,所述条形孔位于所述导轨的腰部,所述连接臂从所述导轨的侧面倾斜向上伸入所述管状腔体。Alternatively, the strip-shaped aperture is located at the waist of the rail and the connecting arm extends obliquely upwardly from the side of the rail into the tubular cavity.
条款6、根据条款5所述的小车运行机构,其中,当所述条形孔位于所述导轨的肩部时,所述导轨的肩部有部分向管状腔体内部延伸形成盖住所述牵引绳的帽檐;Clause 6. The cart running mechanism of clause 5, wherein when the strip hole is located at a shoulder of the rail, the shoulder of the rail has a portion extending toward the interior of the tubular cavity to form the traction Rope hat
当所述条形孔位于所述导轨的腰部时,所述导轨的腰部有部分向管状腔When the strip hole is located at the waist of the guide rail, the waist of the guide rail has a partial tubular cavity
体内部延伸形成盖住所述牵引绳的帽檐。The interior of the body extends to form a brim that covers the leash.
条款7、根据条款1到6中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述导轨的底部设有燕尾槽。Clause 7. The cart running mechanism of any of clauses 1 to 6, wherein the bottom of the rail is provided with a dovetail slot.
条款8、根据条款1到7中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述条 形孔在所述导轨的长度方向贯穿所述导轨,与所述管状腔体共同形成滑槽,所述连接臂在所述牵引绳的带动下,沿所述滑槽移动。Clause 8. The trolley operating mechanism of any of clauses 1 to 7, wherein the strip The shaped hole penetrates the guide rail in the longitudinal direction of the guide rail, and forms a sliding groove together with the tubular cavity, and the connecting arm moves along the sliding groove under the driving of the traction rope.
条款9、根据条款1到8中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述条形孔的边缘设有防尘毛条。Clause 9. The trolley running mechanism according to any one of clauses 1 to 8, wherein the edge of the strip hole is provided with a dustproof top.
条款10、根据条款1到9中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述小车上对应所述导轨两侧的位置设有滚轮,所述滚轮的旋转轴与所述导轨所安装的台面垂直;Clause 10, the trolley running mechanism according to any one of clauses 1 to 9, wherein the carriage is provided with a roller at a position corresponding to both sides of the rail, and the rotating shaft of the roller is mounted with the rail Countertop vertical;
所述滚轮中央向内凹陷,形成凹陷部;所述导轨两侧向外突出,形成突出部;所述导轨两侧的突出部分别与对应设置的所述滚轮的凹陷部相互配合,所述滚轮卡住所述导轨。The center of the roller is recessed inwardly to form a recessed portion; the two sides of the guide rail protrude outwardly to form a protruding portion; the protruding portions on both sides of the guide rail respectively cooperate with the corresponding recessed portions of the roller, the roller Jam the guide rails.
条款11、根据条款1到10中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述导轨上具有N个镂空部,所述N为自然数,所述镂空部与所述管状腔体的长度一致。Clause 11. The cart running mechanism according to any one of clauses 1 to 10, wherein the guide rail has N hollow portions, the N is a natural number, and the hollow portion is consistent with the length of the tubular cavity .
条款12、一种清扫装置,包括:至少一台牵引机构、保护套管和如条款1到11中任一项所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述牵引绳从所述导轨的两端伸出,与所述牵引机构相连接;Clause 12, a cleaning device comprising: at least one traction mechanism, a protective sleeve, and the trolley running mechanism according to any one of clauses 1 to 11, wherein the traction rope extends from both ends of the rail Out, connected to the traction mechanism;
其中,所述保护套管设于所述牵引机构与所述导轨之间,所述保护套管包住至少部分位于所述牵引机构与所述导轨之间的所述牵引绳。Wherein the protective sleeve is disposed between the traction mechanism and the guide rail, and the protective sleeve encloses the traction rope at least partially located between the traction mechanism and the guide rail.
条款13、一种光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,所述轨道机构包含分别设置在光伏面板单元上下两侧的上轨和下轨,其中,所述光伏面板单元的四周包覆有框体,且所述框体的上下两侧向内弯折形成包住所述光伏面板单元的包边;Item 13. The track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, wherein the track mechanism comprises an upper rail and a lower rail respectively disposed on upper and lower sides of the photovoltaic panel unit, wherein the photovoltaic panel unit is covered with a frame body, And the upper and lower sides of the frame are bent inward to form a hem surrounding the photovoltaic panel unit;
所述轨道机构还包含固定所述上轨的上支架和固定所述下轨的下支架,其中,所述上、下支架分别具有用于夹住所述光伏面板单元框体的夹持部,所述上、下夹持部内分别设有勾住所述框体包边的钩爪部。 The rail mechanism further includes an upper bracket for fixing the upper rail and a lower bracket for fixing the lower rail, wherein the upper and lower brackets respectively have clamping portions for clamping the photovoltaic panel unit frame, Each of the upper and lower clamping portions is provided with a hook portion that hooks the frame body.
条款14、根据条款13所述的轨道机构,其中,所述钩爪部为设置在所述夹持部内带有弯钩的板状部件。Item 14. The track mechanism according to Item 13, wherein the hook portion is a plate-like member provided with a hook in the clamping portion.
条款15、根据条款14所述的轨道机构,其中,所述板状部件的弯钩包含抵在所述框体包边外表面的水平部、与所述水平部相连并包住所述包边端部的折弯部。The track mechanism according to Item 14, wherein the hook of the plate member includes a horizontal portion that abuts the outer surface of the frame, and is connected to the horizontal portion and encloses the hem The bent portion of the end.
条款16、根据条款14或15所述的轨道机构,其中,所述板状部件可拆卸的分别安装在所述上、下支架的夹持部内,或分别与所述上、下支架的夹持部一体成型。Clause 16. The track mechanism according to clause 14 or 15, wherein the plate members are detachably mounted in the clamping portions of the upper and lower brackets, respectively, or respectively clamped to the upper and lower brackets The part is integrally formed.
条款17、根据条款16所述的轨道机构,其中,当所述板状部件可拆卸的分别安装在所述上、下支架的夹持部内时,所述板状部件分别与所述上、下夹持部通过锁紧件固定连接。Item 17. The track mechanism according to Item 16, wherein the plate member is respectively attached to the upper and lower portions when the plate members are detachably mounted in the nip portions of the upper and lower brackets, respectively The clamping portion is fixedly connected by a locking member.
条款18、根据条款16或17所述的轨道机构,其中,所述锁紧件为螺栓或带有外螺纹的定位销。Clause 18. The track mechanism of clause 16 or 17, wherein the locking member is a bolt or a locating pin with an external thread.
条款19、根据条款13到18中任一项所述的轨道机构,其中,所述上、下支架的上表面还分别开设用于安装所述上轨和所述下轨的轨道槽,而所述上轨和所述下轨的底部形成用于插入所述轨道槽内的插入部;The track mechanism of any one of clauses 13 to 18, wherein the upper surfaces of the upper and lower brackets further respectively define track grooves for mounting the upper rail and the lower rail, respectively The upper rail and the bottom of the lower rail form an insertion portion for insertion into the track groove;
其中,所述轨道槽的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向所述轨道槽的中心收拢,且所述插入部的截面形状与所述轨道槽的截面形状相同,并在所述插入部插入所述轨道槽内后,由所述轨道槽侧的槽壁倒扣住所述插入部对所述插入部锁紧固定。Wherein, the groove walls on both sides of the track groove gradually merge from the bottom to the top toward the center of the track groove, and the cross-sectional shape of the insertion portion is the same as the cross-sectional shape of the track groove, and is inserted in the insertion portion. After the inside of the track groove, the insertion portion is locked and fixed by the groove wall on the side of the track groove.
条款20、根据条款13到19中任一项所述的轨道机构,其中,所述夹持部包含抵用于夹住所述框体上下两侧包边的第一夹持板和第二夹持板;The track mechanism of any one of clauses 13 to 19, wherein the clamping portion includes a first clamping plate and a second clamping member for abutting the upper and lower sides of the frame body Holding board
其中,所述第一夹持板和所述第二夹持板相互平行设置。Wherein, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are disposed in parallel with each other.
本领域的普通技术人员可以理解,上述描述是实现本发明部分实施例的具体例子,而在实际应用中,可以在形式上和细节上对其作各种改变,而不偏离本发明的精神和范围。 A person skilled in the art can understand that the above description is a specific example of implementing some embodiments of the present invention, and various changes can be made in the form and details without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. range.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种小车运行机构,包括牵引绳、导轨和小车,其中,所述小车在所述牵引绳的带动下,沿所述导轨运动;A trolley running mechanism includes a traction rope, a guide rail and a trolley, wherein the trolley moves along the guide rail under the driving of the traction rope;
    其中,所述导轨的内部形成中空的管状腔体,至少有一部分所述牵引绳位于所述管状腔体内;Wherein the inside of the guide rail forms a hollow tubular cavity, at least a part of the traction rope is located in the tubular cavity;
    其中,所述导轨上开有条形孔,所述条形孔接通所述管状腔体和所述导轨的外部;Wherein the rail is provided with a strip-shaped hole, the strip-shaped hole is connected to the outside of the tubular cavity and the guide rail;
    其中,所述小车上设有连接臂,所述连接臂通过所述条形孔穿入所述管状腔体,与所述牵引绳连接。Wherein, the trolley is provided with a connecting arm, and the connecting arm penetrates into the tubular cavity through the strip hole and is connected with the traction rope.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述连接臂沿着所述导轨在竖直方向上的中轴线穿入所述管状腔体。The trolley running mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the connecting arm penetrates the tubular cavity along a central axis of the guide rail in a vertical direction.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述导轨的顶部形成防尘檐,所述条形孔位于所述防尘檐的下方。The trolley running mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a top of the guide rail forms a dust mites, and the strip holes are located below the dust mites.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述小车上对应所述导轨两侧的位置设有滚轮,所述滚轮的旋转轴与所述导轨所安装的台面垂直;The trolley running mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a position of the carriage corresponding to both sides of the guide rail is provided with a roller, and a rotating shaft of the roller is perpendicular to a table surface on which the guide rail is mounted;
    所述滚轮中央向内凹陷,形成凹陷部;所述导轨两侧向外突出,形成突出部;所述导轨两侧的突出部分别与对应设置的所述滚轮的凹陷部相互配合,所述滚轮卡住所述导轨。The center of the roller is recessed inwardly to form a recessed portion; the two sides of the guide rail protrude outwardly to form a protruding portion; the protruding portions on both sides of the guide rail respectively cooperate with the corresponding recessed portions of the roller, the roller Jam the guide rails.
  5. 根据根据权利要求1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述导轨上具有N个镂空部,所述N为自然数,所述镂空部与所述管状腔体的长度一致。A trolley running mechanism according to claim 1, wherein said guide rail has N hollow portions, said N being a natural number, said hollow portion being coincident with a length of said tubular cavity.
  6. 一种清扫装置,包括:至少一台牵引机构、保护套管和如权利要求1所述的小车运行机构,其中,所述牵引绳从所述导轨的两端伸出,与所述牵引机构相连接; A cleaning device comprising: at least one traction mechanism, a protective sleeve and the trolley running mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the traction rope protrudes from both ends of the guide rail, and the traction mechanism Connection
    其中,所述保护套管设于所述牵引机构与所述导轨之间,所述保护套管包住至少部分位于所述牵引机构与所述导轨之间的所述牵引绳。Wherein the protective sleeve is disposed between the traction mechanism and the guide rail, and the protective sleeve encloses the traction rope at least partially located between the traction mechanism and the guide rail.
  7. 一种光伏电池板清扫装置的轨道机构,所述轨道机构包含分别设置在光伏面板单元上下两侧的上轨和下轨,其中,所述光伏面板单元的四周包覆有框体,且所述框体的上下两侧向内弯折形成包住所述光伏面板单元的包边;A track mechanism of a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, the rail mechanism comprising an upper rail and a lower rail respectively disposed on upper and lower sides of the photovoltaic panel unit, wherein the photovoltaic panel unit is covered with a frame, and the The upper and lower sides of the frame are bent inwardly to form a hem surrounding the photovoltaic panel unit;
    所述轨道机构还包含固定所述上轨的上支架和固定所述下轨的下支架,其中,所述上、下支架分别具有用于夹住所述光伏面板单元框体的夹持部,所述上、下夹持部内分别设有勾住所述框体包边的钩爪部。The rail mechanism further includes an upper bracket for fixing the upper rail and a lower bracket for fixing the lower rail, wherein the upper and lower brackets respectively have clamping portions for clamping the photovoltaic panel unit frame, Each of the upper and lower clamping portions is provided with a hook portion that hooks the frame body.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的轨道机构,其中,所述钩爪部为设置在所述夹持部内带有弯钩的板状部件。The track mechanism according to claim 7, wherein the hook portion is a plate-like member provided with a hook in the holding portion.
  9. 根据权利要求7所述的轨道机构,其中,所述上、下支架的上表面还分别开设用于安装所述上轨和所述下轨的轨道槽,而所述上轨和所述下轨的底部形成用于插入所述轨道槽内的插入部;The track mechanism according to claim 7, wherein upper surfaces of said upper and lower brackets further respectively define track grooves for mounting said upper rail and said lower rail, and said upper rail and said lower rail The bottom portion forms an insertion portion for insertion into the track groove;
    其中,所述轨道槽的两侧槽壁从下至上逐渐向所述轨道槽的中心收拢,且所述插入部的截面形状与所述轨道槽的截面形状相同,并在所述插入部插入所述轨道槽内后,由所述轨道槽侧的槽壁倒扣住所述插入部对所述插入部锁紧固定。Wherein, the groove walls on both sides of the track groove gradually merge from the bottom to the top toward the center of the track groove, and the cross-sectional shape of the insertion portion is the same as the cross-sectional shape of the track groove, and is inserted in the insertion portion. After the inside of the track groove, the insertion portion is locked and fixed by the groove wall on the side of the track groove.
  10. 根据权利要求7所述的轨道机构,其中,所述夹持部包含抵用于夹住所述框体上下两侧包边的第一夹持板和第二夹持板;The track mechanism according to claim 7, wherein the clamping portion comprises a first clamping plate and a second clamping plate for clamping the upper and lower sides of the frame;
    其中,所述第一夹持板和所述第二夹持板相互平行设置。 Wherein, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are disposed in parallel with each other.
PCT/CN2016/082134 2015-05-13 2016-05-13 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device WO2016180376A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510243611.3A CN104815807B (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Snow cleaning device
CN201510243611.3 2015-05-13
CN201510243614.7 2015-05-13
CN201510243614.7A CN104811127B (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Dirt avenges cleaning equipment
CN201510281843.8 2015-05-28
CN201510281844.2A CN104984934B (en) 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Cleaning equipment
CN201510281843.8A CN104891334B (en) 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Wheeling mechanism and clearing apparatus
CN201510281844.2 2015-05-28

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2016180376A1 true WO2016180376A1 (en) 2016-11-17

Family

ID=57247704

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2016/082134 WO2016180376A1 (en) 2015-05-13 2016-05-13 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2016180376A1 (en)

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201338000Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-11-04 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly
CN201558822U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-08-25 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device
JP2010287867A (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-24 Teruhiro Komaki Solar panel cleaner
CN202103078U (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-01-04 常州中弘光伏有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for photovoltaic assembly
CN102962213A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-13 南京航空航天大学 Dust extraction device for photovoltaic cell panel based on ultrasonic motor
WO2014013767A1 (en) * 2012-07-17 2014-01-23 Nakagawa Koichi Solar panel washing device
CN103607170A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 纪肇烨 Efficient solar photovoltaic module
CN204159569U (en) * 2014-08-18 2015-02-18 苏州爱康低碳技术研究院有限公司 The horizontal cleaning device of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse assembly
CN104811127A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-07-29 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Dust and snow cleaning equipment
CN104815807A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-05 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Snow cleaning device
CN104891334A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-09-09 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Trolley running mechanism and sweeping device
CN104984934A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-10-21 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Cleaner

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201338000Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-11-04 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly
JP2010287867A (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-24 Teruhiro Komaki Solar panel cleaner
CN201558822U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-08-25 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device
CN202103078U (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-01-04 常州中弘光伏有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for photovoltaic assembly
WO2014013767A1 (en) * 2012-07-17 2014-01-23 Nakagawa Koichi Solar panel washing device
CN102962213A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-13 南京航空航天大学 Dust extraction device for photovoltaic cell panel based on ultrasonic motor
CN103607170A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 纪肇烨 Efficient solar photovoltaic module
CN204159569U (en) * 2014-08-18 2015-02-18 苏州爱康低碳技术研究院有限公司 The horizontal cleaning device of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse assembly
CN104811127A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-07-29 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Dust and snow cleaning equipment
CN104815807A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-05 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Snow cleaning device
CN104891334A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-09-09 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Trolley running mechanism and sweeping device
CN104984934A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-10-21 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Cleaner

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP2016539310A (en) Inundation protection for underground vents
US9649919B2 (en) Open bed vehicle cover and storage system
US20160173025A1 (en) Solar power plant
US8456814B2 (en) Enclosure for an electrical system
CN201635379U (en) Safety platform for installation and construction of roof contour plate hang ceiling
CN106703870B (en) A kind of development end dry dust removal system with servo-actuated air duct bracket
CN202080836U (en) Material lifting equipment for aerial operation
CN205600697U (en) Civil construction pipe fitting placement frame
CN205666544U (en) A machine is led in electric wire netting construction
CN207089371U (en) A kind of Door for building glass pane transporter
CN203439655U (en) Rubber belt conveyor de-dusting device with material guiding function
DE202009005417U1 (en) Heat exchanger with inclined or vertical surfaces with cleaning
CN109572849B (en) Robot clamping mechanism and climbing robot for transmission tower
CN201987468U (en) Counterweight type high-rise window cleaning machine
CN105780614A (en) Composite cement track slab ground roll bracket
CN106684762B (en) A kind of overhead transmission line twister remove device
CN204251291U (en) A kind of cable manhole cover hoisting device
CN204418013U (en) Bridge flange plate is constructed self-propelled cantilever hanging basket
CN204782015U (en) Perpendicular conveyer of narrow and small space curtain wall glass
CN207063700U (en) A kind of easy-to-dismount guard rail of road construction
RU2595227C2 (en) Method and device to prevent deviation of guiding cable
CN103170963B (en) Dual-arm robot
CN205132864U (en) Elevator layer door anti -disengaging structure
CN203112160U (en) Discharging device of high-rise storage
CN201347338Y (en) Electrical cabinet hoisting and convoying device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 16792226

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 16792226

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

32PN Ep: public notification in the ep bulletin as address of the adressee cannot be established

Free format text: NOTING OF LOSS OF RIGHTS PURSUANT TO RULE 112(1) EPC

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 16792226

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1