CN110326510A - Cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy - Google Patents

Cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110326510A
CN110326510A CN201910765137.9A CN201910765137A CN110326510A CN 110326510 A CN110326510 A CN 110326510A CN 201910765137 A CN201910765137 A CN 201910765137A CN 110326510 A CN110326510 A CN 110326510A
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seedling
canopy
dendrobidium huoshanness
cultivation
temperature
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CN201910765137.9A
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Inventor
李静婷
柳静
匡旭
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Pingdingshan University
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Pingdingshan University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/60Flowers; Ornamental plants
    • A01G22/63Orchids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/50Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor contained within a flexible envelope
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention discloses cultural methods in a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy, process includes: hardening: the tissue-cultured seedling for having 3~4 leaves, 2~3 or more roots is placed in environment that is dry, cleaning and have scattering sunlight, etc. bottle seedlings dark green leaf color, root system it is sturdy when reach hardening requirement;Transplanting: the bottle seedling refined is taken out, it is placed in the warm water for filling 23 DEG C or so, it impregnates, clean the culture medium for being attached to root, again with another basin equality of temperature clear water lightly rinsed clean, it is immersed in 80% mancozeb wettable powder, 1000 times of liquid 5 minutes or so after control water, pulls out and spread out, dry in the air to root and whiten;It is planted on the container for filling cultivation plant material or seedbed;The blinding and loose firecoat that material selection ratio is 1:3~5, blinding disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate, the loose bored method sterilization of firecoat high temperature nuclear reactor are planted in cultivation;Manage after cultivation: the Dendrobidium huoshanness seedling that will have been transplanted is placed in greenhouse, gives suitable temperature and humidity, illumination and reasonably sprays, applies fertilizer, carries out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.

Description

Cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness implantation methods, more particularly, to cultivation optimization skill in a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy Art.
Background technique
Dendrobidium huoshanness is commonly called as a meter dry measure used in former times, belongs to the herbaceos perennial of orchid family Dendrobium, and distributed areas are narrow, main to be distributed In Huoshan, Mt. Funiushan In Henan Province Nan Zhao is also distributed.If saying, dendrobium nobile is health mesona, and Dendrobidium huoshanness is exactly this health emperor Label a most glittering mound.The substances such as Dendrobidium huoshanness polysaccharide rich in, amino acid, alkaloid, and containing magnesium, zinc, sodium, The elements such as calcium, potassium, iron, selenium, copper, manganese, nickel, chromium, there is antitumor, blood pressure lowering, enhancing anti-aging, eliminate fatigue and other effects, because This, has preferable medicinal and health care value.
Natural Dendrobidium huoshanness is mostly raw in the shade, overhanging cliff recessed gap northwards and under tree shade.Under field conditions (factors), it pollinates Setting percentage is low, and the tiny no endosperm of seed, natural germination rate is extremely low, and Dendrobidium huoshanness requires harsh, growing pullets to delay in habitat in addition, So resource scarcity.Because its natural propagation rate is low, distribution is narrow, in addition its important medical value, and because drug effect is significant And cause commodity price expensive, cause Dendrobidium huoshanness wild resource excessively to be excavated and be bordering on extinction.
Currently, Dendrobidium huoshanness artificial cultivation industry is at the early-stage in China, has using cuttage, axillary seedling in hayashishita Or planted on the rock of remote mountains, but all there is temperature and humidity, intensities of illumination to control these methods, it is low to expand numerous coefficient, The defects of survival rate is low, low output greatlys restrict the large-scale industrialized development of Dendrobidium huoshanness.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, propose cultural method in a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy, Dendrobidium huoshanness aseptic seedling Open cultivation, hardening high survival rate in canopy;The common easily acquisition of material is planted, cultivation survival rate is high;Growth is fast and manages simple and easy.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention:
Cultural method in a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy, process include:
Step 1 is 90% or more qualification rate there is the tissue-cultured seedling of 3~4 leaves, 2~3 or more roots to be known as qualified seedling Seedling bottle is covered to be placed in environment that is dry, cleaning and have scattering sunlight, allows the bottle seedling for not receiving sunlight, overcomes cuticula Undeveloped, epidermal hair is few, the weakness such as mostly big, easy dehydration of stomata.Temperature setting places 10~15 d between 24~28 DEG C, Uncap 3~4 d, etc. bottle seedlings dark green leaf color, root system it is sturdy when reach hardening requirement;
Step 2, transplanting: cleaning the tissue-cultured seedling refined, disinfection, is planted in and fills on the special container for planting material or seedbed.Specifically For, the bottle seedling refined is taken out, puts in water at normal temperature and impregnates 20~30 minutes, it is careful to clean the culture for being attached to root Base, then with another basin equality of temperature clear water lightly rinsed clean, pull control water out, then immerse 80% mancozeb wettable powder 1000 5 minutes or so in times liquid, pulls out and spread out, dry in the air to root and whiten;After disinfection, it is planted in and fills container or seedbed that material is planted in cultivation On.Preferably carried out in spring of the temperature higher than 15 DEG C, two season of autumn.The main selection blinding of material and loose squama are planted in the cultivation of large-scale production Skin, its ratio be 1:3~5;Before plant, blinding with 0.5% disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate;Loose firecoat is killed with the bored method of high temperature nuclear reactor Bacterium, the specific method is as follows: pine firecoat being compactly stacked upon, splashes suitable clear water to windrow surface, uses transparent plastic Film covers tightly, and Nausea drying 7-10 days;
Step 3 manages after cultivation: the Dendrobidium huoshanness seedling that will have been transplanted is placed in greenhouse, gives suitable temperature and humidity, illumination And reasonably spray, apply fertilizer, carry out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
In step 2, the selection and operation of cultivating container :(a) 10cmx10cm white clear nutritive cube;(b) cave in 15 holes In disk;(c) paving 10cm thickness plants the seedbed of material, high 0.7m, width 1.5m;When plantation, tissue-cultured seedling by size, quality carry out classification cultivation Training, 3-5 is one clump, is planted in cell therefor, strain, line-spacing 10cm on seedbed;It is 12 that next year, which turns to plant seedling into diameter, In the hard basin of~14cm, material is planted all with the large size pine firecoat of high temperature Nausea drying.
After transplanting 7 d, a 0.3% urea foliar fertilizer, 9 days sprinkling 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim after cultivation are sprayed;It moves After cultivation, the 75% sunshade net shading of seedling in canopy, air humidity is 85% or so in canopy.
Since the suitable growth temperature of Dendrobidium huoshanness is 20~28 DEG C, therefore the temperature in greenhouse needs to carry out manual adjustment, In summer, can boiled water curtain, blower and frequent early, late atomizing spray, carry out temperature adjusting, temperature regulated and controled in OK range.Winter Season can be heated up by heating, covering the shading rate of multi-layer transparent film, adjusting sunshade net, prevent freeze injury.
Invention the utility model has the advantages that
1, cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present invention compensates in current Dendrobidium huoshanness industry production, and hardening is difficult, transplanting is dead The defects of rate height, easily ill, growth retardation, dramatically to meet demand growing to Dendrobidium huoshanness in the market. The open cultivation in canopy Dendrobidium huoshanness aseptic seedling, with low cost, management easy to operate, in conjunction with spraying, apply low-toxin farm chemicals, environment-friendlyfertilizer fertilizer Material, thus reach less investment, it is quick, the purpose of high yield is obtained, survival rate existing for current Dendrobidium huoshanness artificial cultivation is overcome The defects of low, yield and quality is low, at high cost, to save endangered rare medicinal material-Dendrobidium huoshanness, provide scale, It standardizes, the advanced science and technology of industrialization production.
2, cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present invention, hardening high survival rate;Plant the common easily acquisition of material, cultivation survival rate It is high;Growth is fast and manages simple and easy.Cultivation technique in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy disclosed by the invention is refined using the high-survival rate of optimization Seedling technology, scientific cultural method manage after simple and easy cultivation, inexpensive investment, can get high-quality, high yield Huoshan stone Dry measure used in former times return has important technological guidance's meaning to the large-scale productionization of Dendrobidium huoshanness.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
Cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present invention, process include:
Step 1, hardening: being 90% qualification rate there is the tissue-cultured seedling of 3~4 leaves, 2~3 or more roots to be known as qualified seedling Above seedling bottle is covered to be placed in environment that is dry, cleaning and have scattering sunlight, temperature setting between 24~28 DEG C, Place 10~15 d, uncap 3~4 d, etc. bottle seedlings dark green leaf color, root system it is sturdy when reach hardening requirement;It allows and did not received sunlight The bottle seedling of irradiation in drying, cleans and has reception sunlight irradiation in the environment for scattering sunlight, do not sent out with making up seedling cuticula It reaches, epidermal hair is few, the weakness such as mostly big, easy dehydration of stomata.
Transplanting: step 2 the bottle seedling refined is taken out, is placed in 23 DEG C or so of water and impregnates 30 minutes or so, clean attached Root culture medium, then with another basin equality of temperature clear water lightly rinsed clean, pull control water out, then immerse 80% Mancozeb 5 minutes or so in 1000 times of liquid of wettable powder, pulls out and spread out, dry in the air to root and whiten;The tissue-cultured seedling refined is cleaned, disinfection Afterwards, it is planted on the container for filling cultivation plant material or seedbed;Preferably carried out in spring of the temperature higher than 15 DEG C, two season of autumn;Scale The main selection blinding of material and loose firecoat are planted in the cultivation of production, and its ratio be 1:4;Before plant, blinding with 0.5% permanganic acid Potassium solution disinfection;The loose bored method sterilization of firecoat high temperature nuclear reactor, the specific method is as follows: pine firecoat being compactly stacked upon, to heap Material surface is splashed suitable clear water, covered with transparent plastic film it is tight, Nausea drying 7-10 days;
Step 3 manages after cultivation: the Dendrobidium huoshanness seedling that will have been transplanted is placed in greenhouse, gives suitable temperature and humidity, illumination And reasonably spray, apply fertilizer, carry out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
Embodiment 2
Cultural method and embodiment 1 in the Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present embodiment the difference is that: in step 2, cultivating container Selection and operation :(a) 10cmx10cm white clear nutritive cube;(b) in the hole tray in 15 holes;(c) paving 10cm thickness plants material, height The seedbed of 0.7m, width 1.5m;When plantation, tissue-cultured seedling by size, quality carry out classification cultivation, 3-5 is one clump, is planted into corresponding Container in, strain, line-spacing 10cm on seedbed;Next year turns seedling to plant in the hard basin that diameter is 12~14cm, and it is complete to plant material The large size pine firecoat of portion's high temperature Nausea drying.After transplanting 7 d, a 0.3% urea foliar fertilizer is sprayed, sprinkling in 9 days is primary after cultivation 50% 1000 times of carbendazim liquid;After transplanting, seedling in canopy with 75% sunshade net shading, in canopy air humidity 85% or so, Temperature in greenhouse controls 20~28 DEG C.
Embodiment 3
Cultural method and embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 in the Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present embodiment the difference is that: managed after cultivation Including reasonable water and fertilizer management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
Reasonable water and fertilizer management: the water content for planting material plays an important role to the growth of Dendrobidium huoshanness, overdrying, slow growth, It even dries up lethal;Overly moist, anoxic macerates root, easy sick evil.Often observation matrix dry and wet degree, it is wet to plant material surface layer 1cm or less Profit is suitable water content, when watering, with slow spray, skilful spray, small and diligent spray is advisable.
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: from after seedling plantation 1 month, it is necessary to carry out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.First carry out place pretreatment, Strictly it is isolated inside and outside sundries, canopy around place cleaning.Insect prevention measure: seedling top hangs Yellow sticky trap trapping pests, suspension Height should be higher than that 15 centimetres of seedling or so.For the disease of Dendrobidium huoshanness, it then follows prevent being greater than and control principle.Every 7~10 days, spray Fungicide, following several drugs are used alternatingly: 80% 800 times of mancozeb wettable powder liquid, 80% thiophanate methyl can 700~800 times of 800 times of liquid of wet powder, 1000 times of 50% carbendazim and 75% Bravo wettable powder.Blade face is sprayed when operation Wet, Various Seasonal most preferably spray period also difference: summer is morning or dusk;Winter is after 10 points of the morning to 16 points. A small amount of clear water is sprayed to seedling mist again within the 2nd day after spray, leaf surface of being subject to squirts profit and do not trickle, to improve the absorption of fungicide Rate.In daily management, focus on ventilation in canopy, in case bored seedling macerates root, breeds miscellaneous bacteria.In late autumn, severe winter and early spring, canopy temperature is lower than 10 DEG C when, Dendrobidium huoshanness enters dormant period, stops spray.
Embodiment 4
Cultural method and foregoing embodiments in the Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present embodiment the difference is that: the conjunction managed after cultivation Manage fertilizing management: after seedling is transplanted 1 month, 7 months, each No. 5 solid fertilizers of Shi Yici imported from America Osmocote make base manure.From second Start within a month, has entered the management program of normal foliage fertilization.When operation, it then follows diligent principle less.Spray one in 7~10 days Secondary foliar fertilizer, 0.1% flower the more No. 1,0.25% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.25% urea are used alternatingly.Fertilizer and medicine It cannot mix and spray, in order to avoid generating precipitating and reducing fertilizer efficiency, drug effect, the interval time that the two sprays is 2 days or more.When operation, The surface of leaf is squirted profit.The Various Seasonal best spray fertilizer period is different: summer is morning or dusk;Winter be after 10 points extremely Before 16 points.A small amount of clear water is sprayed to seedling mist again within the 2nd day after spray fertilizer, leaf surface of being subject to squirts profit and do not trickle, further increases The absorptivity of foliar fertilizer.In late autumn, severe winter and early spring, when canopy temperature is lower than 10 DEG C, Dendrobidium huoshanness enters dormant period, stops spraying Foliar fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
Cultural method in the Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy of the present embodiment, including following three big step:
Step 1: hardening: being 90% qualification rate there is the tissue-cultured seedling of 3~4 leaves, 2~3 or more roots to be known as qualified seedling Above seedling bottle is covered to be placed in environment that is dry, cleaning and have scattering sunlight, is made the bottle seedling for not receiving sunlight, is overcome Cuticula is undeveloped, and epidermal hair is few, the weakness such as mostly big, easy dehydration of stomata.Temperature setting places 10 between 24~28 DEG C ~15 d, uncap 3~4 d, etc. bottle seedlings dark green leaf color, root system it is sturdy when reach hardening requirement.The present embodiment is higher than 15 in temperature The spring of degree carries out.900 bottle seedlings have been selected to do material to be tested, survival rate 100%.
Step 2: transplanting: the tissue-cultured seedling refined being cleaned, disinfection, be planted in and fill on the special container for planting material or seedbed. Detailed process is as follows:
Carefully the bottle seedling refined is taken out with tweezers, is placed in the warm water for filling 23 DEG C or so, is impregnated 30 minutes, carefully clean attached Root culture medium, then with another basin equality of temperature clear water lightly rinsed clean, pull control water out, then immerse 80% Mancozeb 5 minutes or so in 1000 times of liquid of wettable powder, pulls out and spread out, dry in the air to root and whiten.
It being required according to the growth characteristics of Dendrobidium huoshanness, cultivation matrix water-retaining property is good, it is loose ventilative to be not easy mildew again, because This, cultivation plants material and selects rubble and loose firecoat, and its ratio be 1:4.Before plant, blinding is disappeared with 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate Poison.The loose bored method sterilization of firecoat high temperature nuclear reactor.Fair weather of the bored method sterilization of high temperature nuclear reactor in spring, summer, autumn can carry out: loose squama Skin is compactly stacked upon, and is splashed suitable clear water to windrow surface, and tight, Nausea drying 7~10 is covered with transparent plastic film Day.Due to being exposed to the sun by strong light, a large amount of high-temperature steams are generated on windrow surface, bactericidal effect can be played.
The selection and operation of cultivating container :(a) 10cmx10cm white clear nutritive cube;(b) in the hole tray in 15 holes;(c) Spread the seedbed that 10cm thickness plants material, high 0.7m, width 1.5m.
When plantation, tissue-cultured seedling by size, quality carry out classification cultivation, facilitate management, to improve survival rate.3-5 is It one clump, plants in cell therefor;Strain, line-spacing 10cm on seedbed.It is observed that statistics, survival rate reach 99%.Next year is seedling Be transplanted into the hard basin that diameter is 12~14cm, plant material all with the large size pine firecoat of high temperature Nausea drying, this plantation expect it is resistance to macerate, Water-retaining property is strong, good permeability, continues slow release nutrition, can not need within continuous 3 years to change basin and reload;After transplanting 7 d, sprinkling is primary 0.3% urea foliar fertilizer, 9 days sprinkling 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim after cultivation.
Step 3: plant after manage: the Dendrobidium huoshanness seedling that will have been transplanted is placed in greenhouse, give suitable temperature and humidity, Illumination and reasonably spray are applied fertilizer, and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out.Detailed process is as described in embodiment 3, embodiment 4.After transplanting, in canopy 75% sunshade net shading of seedling, air humidity is 85% or so in canopy.Since the suitable growth temperature of Dendrobidium huoshanness is 20~28 DEG C, therefore the temperature in greenhouse needs to carry out manual adjustment, it, can boiled water curtain, blower and often early, evening atomization spray in summer Leaching carries out temperature adjusting, and temperature is regulated and controled in optimum range.Winter can be hidden by heating, covering multi-layer transparent film, adjust The shading rate of screened postive heats up, and prevents freeze injury.
Cultivation technique in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy provided by the invention, in low toxicity, few fertilizer, easy to operate, inexpensive condition Under, plant illness rate can not only be effectively reduced, moreover it is possible to the survival rate of transplanting Dendrobidium huoshanness is improved, Dendrobidium huoshanness yield is improved, with Meets the needs of growing to Dendrobidium huoshanness in the market.In embodiment 5,1 year or more seedlings, in accordance with the method for step 3 Management, triennial complete stool fresh weight per mu yield may be up to 800 jin.
Above to cultivation technique in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy provided by the invention, it is described in detail.The explanation of specific implementation It is merely used to help understand method and its core concept of the invention.It should be pointed out that for the those of ordinary skill of technical field For, it without departing from the principle of the present invention, can be with several improvements and modifications are made to the present invention, these improve and repair Decorations are also fallen within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. cultural method in a kind of Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy, process include:
Step 1, hardening:
There is the tissue-cultured seedling of 3~4 leaves, 2~3 or more roots to be known as qualified seedling, qualification rate be 90% or more seedling bottle not Uncap and be placed in environment that is dry, cleaning and have scattering sunlight, etc. bottle seedlings dark green leaf color, root system it is sturdy when reach hardening and want It asks;
Step 2, transplanting:
The bottle seedling refined is taken out, puts in water at normal temperature and impregnates 20~30 minutes, cleans the culture medium for being attached to root, then With equality of temperature clear water rinsed clean, is immersed in 80% mancozeb wettable powder, 1000 times of liquid 3~6 minutes after controlling water, pull booth out It opens, dries in the air to root and whiten;
The tissue-cultured seedling refined is cleaned, after disinfection, is planted on the container for filling cultivation plant material or seedbed;Ambient air temperature is higher than 15 ℃;
The main blinding and loose firecoat selected after disinfection and sterilization processing of material is planted in cultivation, and its ratio be 1:3~5;
Step 3 manages after cultivation:
The Dendrobidium huoshanness seedling that will have been transplanted, is placed in greenhouse, gives suitable temperature and humidity, illumination and reasonably sprays, applies fertilizer, Carry out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
2. cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: during hardening, temperature control Between 24~28 DEG C, 10~15 d are placed, uncap 3~4 d, allows and did not received sunlit bottle seedling, in drying, cleaning And have in the environment of scattering sunlight and receive sunlight irradiation, undeveloped to make up seedling cuticula, epidermal hair is few, stomata is more and big, The weakness of easy dehydration.
3. cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: in step 2, cultivating container Selection and operation :(a) 10cmx10cm white clear nutritive cube;(b) in the hole tray in 15 holes;(c) paving 10cm thickness plants material, height The seedbed of 0.7m, width 1.5m;When plantation, tissue-cultured seedling by size, quality carry out classification cultivation, 3-5 is one clump, is planted into corresponding Container in, strain, line-spacing 10cm on seedbed;Next year turns seedling to plant in the hard basin that diameter is 12~14cm, and it is complete to plant material The large size pine firecoat of portion's high temperature Nausea drying.
4. cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: after 7 d of plant, sprinkling is primary 0.3% urea foliar fertilizer, 9 days sprinkling 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim after cultivation;After transplanting, seedling in canopy with 75% sunshade Net shading, temperature of the air humidity in 85% or so, greenhouse controls 20~28 DEG C in canopy.
5. cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy according to claim 1,2 or 4, it is characterised in that: management includes closing after cultivation The water and fertilizer management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control of reason: observation matrix dry and wet degree is moistened with planting material surface layer 1cm or less as suitable water content; After seedling is planted 1 month, carries out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: every 7~12 days, spraying a fungicide, following several drugs are used alternatingly: 80% 800 times of mancozeb wettable powder liquid, 80% thiophanate methyl wettable powder, 800 times of liquid, 1000 times of 50% carbendazim With 700~800 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder;A small amount of clear water is sprayed to seedling mist again within the 2nd day after spray, sprayed with leaf surface It moistens subject to not trickling, to improve the absorptivity of fungicide;In daily management, focus on ventilation in canopy, in case bored seedling is macerated root, is bred Miscellaneous bacteria;In late autumn, severe winter and early spring, when canopy temperature is lower than 10 DEG C, Dendrobidium huoshanness enters dormant period, stops spray.
6. cultural method in Dendrobidium huoshanness canopy according to claim 1,2 or 4, it is characterised in that: after cultivation management further include Rational application of fertilizer management: after seedling is transplanted 1 month, 7 months, each No. 5 solid fertilizers of Shi Yici imported from America Osmocote make base manure;From Start within two months, entered the management program of normal foliage fertilization, when operation, it then follows diligent principle less: every 7~12 days A foliar fertilizer is sprayed, 0.1% flower the more No. 1,0.25% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.25% urea are used alternatingly;Fertilizer It cannot mix and spray, in order to avoid generating precipitating and reducing fertilizer efficiency, drug effect with medicine, the interval time that the two sprays is 2 days or more, operation When, the surface of leaf is squirted profit;A small amount of clear water is sprayed to seedling mist again within the 2nd day after spray fertilizer, profit is squirted with leaf surface and is not flowed Subject to dropping down, the absorptivity of foliar fertilizer is further increased, in late autumn, severe winter and early spring, when canopy temperature is lower than 10 DEG C, Dendrobidium huoshanness enters Dormant period, stopping spray foliar fertilizer.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110214702A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-09-10 平顶山学院 Dendrobidium huoshanness tissue-cultured seedling is cultivated and hardening off method

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