CN108496774A - A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108496774A
CN108496774A CN201710106318.1A CN201710106318A CN108496774A CN 108496774 A CN108496774 A CN 108496774A CN 201710106318 A CN201710106318 A CN 201710106318A CN 108496774 A CN108496774 A CN 108496774A
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China
Prior art keywords
stem
plant
seedling
root
wildwood
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Pending
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CN201710106318.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗永明
普晓文
徐丕师
罗承顺
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Jinggu Linquan Planting Cooperatives
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Jinggu Linquan Planting Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710106318.1A priority Critical patent/CN108496774A/en
Publication of CN108496774A publication Critical patent/CN108496774A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural methods of wildwood wild Dendrodium, including the selection of forest land forest, seedling culture, seedling to be tamed selection, seedling domestication, wild cultivating, naturally put in a suitable place to breed, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, pick and process, this method is to tie up the stem of noble dendrobium to be implanted on the trunk of wild-type tree, then by naturally putting the biological control with science in a suitable place to breed, ensure the yield of the stem of noble dendrobium, simultaneously because being grown in wild forest zone, nutrient is supplemented naturally, improves the medical value of the stem of noble dendrobium.

Description

A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium.
Background technology
Dendrobium candidum also known as ribbed hedyotis herb, iron sheet are blue, are perennial growing nonparasitically upon another plant property herbaceous plant, belong to the valuable of national second class protection Medicinal material in imminent danger is most precious one of the Chinese medicine in China, is known as first of " Chinese nine big celestial grass ", is known as the U.S. of " gold in medicine " Reputation.Modern medicine study shows:Dendrobium candidum can significantly improve body's immunity, and anti-aging is antifatigue, and resist oxygen lack has Auxiliary inhibits tumour and other effects.With the exploitation of stem of noble dendrobium function, now higher and higher to the demand of the stem of noble dendrobium, the price of the stem of noble dendrobium is also got over Carry out demand that is higher, but still cannot be satisfied society, can only be used by all booming incomes crowd, entire people can not be spread to Group.
Since stem of noble dendrobium growth conditions is very harsh, under field conditions (factors), the growth of the stem of noble dendrobium is very slow, and breeding is difficult, production Amount is very low, and pass through artificial tissue culture, greenhouse domestication, it is wild put in a suitable place to breed, stem of noble dendrobium yield, stem of noble dendrobium quality improve, and nutrient contains Amount is abundant.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of wild Dendrodium implantation methods of novel suitable natural surroundings be designed, to improve the stem of noble dendrobium Yield and nutritive value.
Invention content
A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium proposed by the present invention, stone is increased while improving stem of noble dendrobium yield The nutritive value and medical value of dry measure used in former times.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is using the basic ideas of technical solution:A kind of wild stone of wildwood The cultural method of dry measure used in former times, includes the following steps:
1), forest land forest selects:Select height above sea level in 1000-1600m, annual rainfall 1200-1400cm, relative humidity 75%-85%, winter temperature are higher than 0 DEG C, and plantation selects the miscellaneous oak woods that tree crown is dense, bark is thick and bryophyte growth is more;
2), seedling fostering:In 5-6 months, the plant of 3 years raw robust growths is chosen, takes full mellow and full stem section, every section Retain 3-4 section, is about 3cm or more, stem thickness 0.2cm or more, inserts in vermiculite or river sand, insertion depth 1.5-2.5cm;
3), seedling selection to be tamed:Axillary bud sprouting on seedling fostering to stem grows white aerial root 3-4 item roots, and root long More than 4cm, with green during root skin color is white, no black root, lopsided root and variation root, with 3-4 piece leaves, leaf color is light green or emerald green, Without deformity, no variation;
4), seedling is tamed:The seedling of select is cleaned with clear water, then mixes root-inducing powder packet with bark, wood sawdust Quasi- plantation of tying up nearby carries out half a year cultivation domestication after wrapping up in root, waits for that domesticated seedlings have grown to 5-6 piece young leaves, root has 6 or more, height Degree is in 5cm or more;
5), wild cultivating:It is first collected moss matrix, moss is sterilized to and mixed ant repellent, is then draped over one's shoulders with bandage, palm fibre, it will The stem of noble dendrobium seedling that moss matrix, domestication are completed drapes over one's shoulders package with palm fibre and is attached on trunk, is tightened from top to bottom with bandage.Wait for stem of noble dendrobium seedling root Bandage is torn after being adsorbed on trunk by portion, and palm fibre drapes over one's shoulders withdrawal;
6) it, naturally puts in a suitable place to breed:The shading rate of the woods is adjusted according to air humidity, absorbs nutrient and moisture, general rainy season naturally Plant is tied up, first to seedling spray nutritious liquor when tying up plant;
7), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:It is main to use biological control, it raises bees, raise chickens in forest land, coat lime on trunk Powder uses drug therapy for following pest and disease damage:
Black spot, anthracnose:It is sprayed 1-2 times using 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid mists;
Scale insect:Sprayed with the speed 800 times of liquid of emulsion that go out, do not spray within 15-20 days it is primary;
Aphid:It is sprayed, is sprayed every five to eight days primary with the quick 600 times of liquid of gram aphid or 70% imidacloprid, 2500 times of liquid;
8) it, harvests:It is harvested before rudiment every year, by under the stem of Dendrobium secateurs of growth 3 years, retains tender stem;
9) it, reserves seed for planting:The selection plant that blooms preferably leaves after plant 3 years, allows its natural propagation pollen, natural renovation.
Further, in the step 7, light trap is set in woodland.
Further, in the step 6, shading rate is adjusted according to growth year, transplants First Year, shading rate is maintained at 60%-70%, next year are adjusted in 30%-40%.
Further, in the step 5, in plant, plant, standoff distance are tied up with letting nature take its course from top to down on one tree 20cm-25cm。
Further, in the step 4, it is placed around seedbed in plantation, select is intended after domestication seedling package It ties up and is tamed on seedbed.
Further, in the step 5, bandage uses breathable films, to the inner surface clear water of breathable films when tying up plant It squirts.
Further, in the step 5, bandage tears up the rope for being twisted diameter 2-4cm using palm palm fibre skin, will when tying up plant Rope is soaked with clear water.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium of the present invention, the stem of noble dendrobium is tied up and is implanted in On the trunk of wild-type tree, then by naturally putting the biological control with science in a suitable place to breed, ensure the yield of the stem of noble dendrobium, simultaneously because growth In wild forest zone, nutrient is supplemented naturally, improves the medical value of the stem of noble dendrobium.
Specific implementation mode
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described further below.It should be noted that for these implementations The explanation of mode is used to help understand the present invention, but does not constitute limitation of the invention.In addition, invention described below Involved technical characteristic can be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other in each embodiment.
A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium, includes the following steps:
1), forest land forest selects:Select height above sea level in 1000-1600m, annual rainfall 1200-1400cm, relative humidity 75%-85%, winter temperature are higher than 0 DEG C, and plantation selects the miscellaneous oak woods that tree crown is dense, bark is thick and bryophyte growth is more;
2), seedling fostering:In 5-6 months, the plant of 3 years raw robust growths is chosen, takes full mellow and full stem section, every section Retain 3-4 section, is about 3cm or more, stem thickness 0.2cm or more, inserts in vermiculite or river sand, insertion depth 1.5-2.5cm;
3), seedling selection to be tamed:Axillary bud sprouting on seedling fostering to stem grows white aerial root 3-4 item roots, and root long More than 4cm, with green during root skin color is white, no black root, lopsided root and variation root, with 3-4 piece leaves, leaf color is light green or emerald green, Without deformity, no variation;
4), seedling is tamed:The seedling of select is cleaned with clear water, then mixes root-inducing powder packet with bark, wood sawdust Quasi- plantation of tying up nearby carries out half a year cultivation domestication after wrapping up in root, waits for that domesticated seedlings have grown to 5-6 piece young leaves, root has 6 or more, height Degree is in 5cm or more;
5), wild cultivating:It is first collected moss matrix, moss is sterilized to and mixed ant repellent, is then draped over one's shoulders with bandage, palm fibre, it will The stem of noble dendrobium seedling that moss matrix, domestication are completed drapes over one's shoulders package with palm fibre and is attached on trunk, is tightened from top to bottom with bandage.Wait for stem of noble dendrobium seedling root Bandage is torn after being adsorbed on trunk by portion, and palm fibre drapes over one's shoulders withdrawal;
6) it, naturally puts in a suitable place to breed:The shading rate of the woods is adjusted according to air humidity, absorbs nutrient and moisture, general rainy season naturally Plant is tied up, first to seedling spray nutritious liquor when tying up plant;
7), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:It is main to use biological control, it raises bees, raise chickens in forest land, coat lime on trunk Powder uses drug therapy for following pest and disease damage:
Black spot, anthracnose:It is sprayed 1-2 times using 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid mists;
Scale insect:Sprayed with the speed 800 times of liquid of emulsion that go out, do not spray within 15-20 days it is primary;
Aphid:It is sprayed, is sprayed every five to eight days primary with the quick 600 times of liquid of gram aphid or 70% imidacloprid, 2500 times of liquid;
8) it, harvests:It is harvested before rudiment every year, by under the stem of Dendrobium secateurs of growth 3 years, retains tender stem;
9) it, reserves seed for planting:The selection plant that blooms preferably leaves after plant 3 years, allows its natural propagation pollen, natural renovation.
In the step 7, light trap is set in woodland.The pest of woodland is trapped and killed by light trap, and pulverized limestone It can prevent pest from climbing up trees, the stem of noble dendrobium transplanted on trees and trees is caused to damage.
In step 6, shading rate is adjusted according to growth year, transplants First Year, shading rate is maintained at 60%-70%, next year It adjusts in 30%-40%.First Year is transplanted, the stem of noble dendrobium is in Seedling Stage, and moisture is inadequate, and shading rate is kept away in 60%-70% Exempt from the stem of noble dendrobium to be dried.
In step 5, in plant, plant is tied up with letting nature take its course from top to down on one tree, standoff distance 20cm-25cm.
In step 4, it is placed around seedbed in plantation, select is intended tying up carrying out on seedbed after domestication seedling package Domestication.
In the step 5, breathable films may be used in bandage, are squirted with clear water to the inner surface of breathable films when tying up plant; Bandage can also tear up the rope for being twisted diameter 2-4cm using palm palm fibre skin, soak rope with clear water when tying up plant.
The stem of noble dendrobium is planted on trees, by scientific and reasonable management, the survival rate of the stem of noble dendrobium is improved, improves the production of the stem of noble dendrobium Amount, while the biological control of science, are grown on natural surroundings, supplement nutrient naturally, and the medical value for improving the stem of noble dendrobium ensures the stem of noble dendrobium Nutritive value and medical value.
Woodland bee-keeping helps to pollinate, and poultry helps to improve the fertile degree of woods soil, improves arboreal growth in soil Required nutritive element content, and then improve the required nutritive element content of stem of noble dendrobium growth.
It is big using the present processes small investment, income, elite tree parent is made full use of, wild, ecosystem plantation, quality are imitated Good, price is high, if it is being planted on fruit tree, can improve fruit quality, forest interplanting, additional income.
Embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to described embodiments.It is right For those skilled in the art, in the case where not departing from the principle of the invention and spirit, these embodiments are carried out more Kind change, modification, replacement and modification, still fall in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
1), forest land forest selects:Select height above sea level in 1000-1600m, annual rainfall 1200-1400cm, relative humidity 75%- 85%, winter temperature is higher than 0 DEG C, and plantation selects the miscellaneous oak woods that tree crown is dense, bark is thick and bryophyte growth is more;
2), seedling fostering:In 5-6 months, the plant of 3 years raw robust growths is chosen, takes full mellow and full stem section, every section of reservation 3-4 section, is about 3cm or more, stem thickness 0.2cm or more, inserts in vermiculite or river sand, insertion depth 1.5-2.5cm;
3), seedling selection to be tamed:Axillary bud sprouting on seedling fostering to stem grows white aerial root 3-4 item roots, and root long is more than 4cm, with green during root skin color is white, no black root, lopsided root and variation root, with 3-4 piece leaves, leaf color is light green or emerald green, without abnormal Shape, no variation;
4), seedling is tamed:The seedling of select is cleaned with clear water, then root-inducing powder is mixed with bark, wood sawdust and wraps up root Intend tying up the plantation half a year cultivation domestication of progress nearby behind portion, waits for that domesticated seedlings have grown to 5-6 piece young leaves, root there are 6 or more, highly exists 5cm or more;
5), wild cultivating:It is first collected moss matrix, moss is sterilized to and mixed ant repellent, is then draped over one's shoulders with bandage, palm fibre, by moss The stem of noble dendrobium seedling that matrix, domestication are completed drapes over one's shoulders package with palm fibre and is attached on trunk, is tightened from top to bottom with bandage.Wait for that stem of noble dendrobium seedling root is inhaled Bandage is torn after being attached on trunk, palm fibre drapes over one's shoulders withdrawal;
6) it, naturally puts in a suitable place to breed:The shading rate of the woods is adjusted according to air humidity, absorbs nutrient naturally and moisture, general rainy season tie up plant, First to seedling spray nutritious liquor when tying up plant;
7), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:It is main to raise bees, raise chickens in forest land using biological control is used, powder of coating lime on trunk, needle Drug therapy is used to following pest and disease damage:
Black spot, anthracnose:It is sprayed 1-2 times using 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid mists;
Scale insect:Sprayed with the speed 800 times of liquid of emulsion that go out, do not spray within 15-20 days it is primary;
Aphid:It is sprayed, is sprayed every five to eight days primary with the quick 600 times of liquid of gram aphid or 70% imidacloprid, 2500 times of liquid;
8) it, harvests:It is harvested before rudiment every year, by under the stem of Dendrobium secateurs of growth 3 years, retains tender stem;
9) it, reserves seed for planting:The selection plant that blooms preferably leaves after plant 3 years, allows its natural propagation pollen, natural renovation.
2. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 7, In woodland, light trap is set.
3. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 6, Shading rate is adjusted according to growth year, transplants First Year, shading rate is maintained at 60%-70%, and next year shading rate is adjusted in 30%- 40%.
4. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 5, In plant, plant is tied up with letting nature take its course from top to down on one tree, standoff distance 20cm-25cm.
5. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 4, It is placed around seedbed in plantation, select is intended tying up taming on seedbed after domestication seedling package.
6. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 5, Bandage uses breathable films, is squirted with clear water to the inner surface of breathable films when tying up plant.
7. a kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 5, Bandage tears up the rope for being twisted diameter 2-4cm using palm palm fibre skin, soaks rope with clear water when tying up plant.
CN201710106318.1A 2017-02-27 2017-02-27 A kind of cultural method of wildwood wild Dendrodium Pending CN108496774A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622758A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-31 湄潭县落花屯茶叶专业合作社 Tea tree and dendrobium imitating wild symbiotic cultivation method and dendrobium fixed planting device
CN110786227A (en) * 2019-11-23 2020-02-14 贵州威门药业股份有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium officinale by imitating wild epiphyte tree

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CN103931495A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-23 铜仁市碧江区宝泓生态农庄有限公司 Tissue culture breeding method for dendrobium officinale
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CN105075831A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-11-25 德化县湖心岛种养专业合作社 Living tree epiphytic cultivating method for dendrobium officinale
CN106305387A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 英山县宗坤石斛科技开发有限公司 Rock attaching cultivation method simulating wild dendrodium growing environment
CN106332760A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Live tree epiphytic cultivating method of dendrobium officinale

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JP2010220596A (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-10-07 Nicchu Kokusai Tsusho Kk Dendrobium growing downward
CN103931495A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-23 铜仁市碧江区宝泓生态农庄有限公司 Tissue culture breeding method for dendrobium officinale
CN104429472A (en) * 2014-11-08 2015-03-25 龙陵县石斛研究所 Dendrobiumpaxt natural forest implantation high-yield culture technique
CN105075831A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-11-25 德化县湖心岛种养专业合作社 Living tree epiphytic cultivating method for dendrobium officinale
CN106305387A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 英山县宗坤石斛科技开发有限公司 Rock attaching cultivation method simulating wild dendrodium growing environment
CN106332760A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Live tree epiphytic cultivating method of dendrobium officinale

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622758A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-31 湄潭县落花屯茶叶专业合作社 Tea tree and dendrobium imitating wild symbiotic cultivation method and dendrobium fixed planting device
CN110786227A (en) * 2019-11-23 2020-02-14 贵州威门药业股份有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium officinale by imitating wild epiphyte tree

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