CN107926319A - A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima - Google Patents

A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107926319A
CN107926319A CN201711353023.0A CN201711353023A CN107926319A CN 107926319 A CN107926319 A CN 107926319A CN 201711353023 A CN201711353023 A CN 201711353023A CN 107926319 A CN107926319 A CN 107926319A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grafting
camellia nitidissima
tree
branch
stock
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Pending
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CN201711353023.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹秋霞
覃春婷
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Liuzhou Helian Agriculture Co Ltd
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Liuzhou Helian Agriculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711353023.0A priority Critical patent/CN107926319A/en
Publication of CN107926319A publication Critical patent/CN107926319A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of grafting cultivation method of Camellia nitidissima, comprise the following steps:Stock selection, construction of nursery garden, grafting, tree crown moulding, cultivation management outplanting.The propagation by grafiting method simple production process of Camellia nitidissima proposed by the invention, easily implement, by the growth conditions for adjusting Camellia nitidissima, and impose fertilizer in its each growth phase, so as to promote Camellia nitidissima preferably to grow, graft survival rate is improved, prevents the generation of tiller bud, production cost is reduced, realizes industrial seedling rearing.

Description

A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima
Technical field
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima, the Camellia nitidissima quality of this method plantation is good, yield Height, Camellia nitidissima is in growth course, and pest and disease damage occurs less, and Pesticide use amount is few, and cost is low.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology, Camellia nitidissima will service the effect of more and more known to the mankind for the mankind, Camellia nitidissima is produced It will be a qualitative leap for industry.But from the point of view of current Camellia nitidissima industry development angle, enterprise is numerous for Camellia nitidissima nursery stock It is relatively weak to educate the research of work, is mostly product development again, the development of amblyopia seedling, is easy to cause enterprise in evolution In because the expensive either insufficient raw material of the prices of raw materials is forced to reduce production or abandons the project.Breed Camellia nitidissima more at present Universal method is to carry out clonal reproduction using Technique on Cuttage Propagation, and using the less of engrafting method nursery, and Camellia nitidissima is transferred Seedlings picking is more more advantageous than cuttage seeding, and grafting has vigorous root system, more conducively grows, resistance higher, this is all cuttage seeding Incomparable.In addition, using this patent, a large amount of nursery stocks can be not only provided in a short time, expand cultivated area, moreover it is possible to subtract It is few that original elite stand is depended on unduly, save propagating materials.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima, the Camellia nitidissima quality of this method plantation is good, yield Height, Camellia nitidissima is in growth course, and pest and disease damage occurs less, and Pesticide use amount is few, and cost is low.To achieve the above object, it is of the invention Using following technical scheme:
A kind of high yield engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima, comprises the following steps:
1st, stock is chosen:Selection is healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm, and the Yunnan large-leaf seed tea tree more than limb two, three-level branch is as stock, with height Potassium manganate solution carries out disinfection seed, in sand bed vernalization educate anvil, then pave upper strata sand bed, cover film after watering;
2nd, construction of nursery garden:Cool canopy is built, and cool canopy is highly 2.5~3m, is covered with sunshade net, and Gansu Province bedding is played in cool canopy, is excavated Gutter, 15~20cm of ditch depth;
3rd, grafting:Grafting time is generally selected in November to next year 2 months, and using cleft grafting bagging technique, half leaf is reserved in each scion Son;Each tree regards tree management and branch situation grafting 40-100 pieces differ;
4th, tree crown moulding:The overall effect of tree body is hall grafting Camellia nitidissima in cloud giant tea tree body, and reserved tea tree branch is given birth to as usual It is long, play the role of it is rising draw water and cover, surviving and growing moisture and nutriment are provided for scion, while exempt crop field Cultivate the construction of pergola facility;
5th, cultivation management:Keep Small plastic shed in temperature be 25~27 DEG C, while every 7~10 days ventilation once, water drenching once, often 25~30min of secondary ventilation, stock bud of periodically erasing, discharges fertilizer month by month, pays attention to the prevention of aphid, and cool canopy branch needs periodically to carry out Picking topping ensures shading rate more than 70% to promote the growth of tea tree bud-leaf;
6th, outplanting:6~10 months after grafting field planting, when seedling height be 30~50cm, well developed root system, the green and branch of blade turn Tip lignifying, and while being endangered without disease pest can go out garden sale or strange land transplanting.
Preferably, liquor potassic permanganate mass concentration used in step (1) is 0.5%.
Preferably, grafting plantation interval is not shut out the light each other with the blade that scion retains in step (3).
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention imposes fertilizer by adjusting the growth conditions of Camellia nitidissima in its each growth phase, so as to promote Camellia nitidissima Preferably growth, improves graft survival rate, prevents the generation of tiller bud, reduces production cost, realizes industrial seedling rearing;This hair at the same time Grafting quality obtained by bright cultivation is good, seed health, well developed root system;The method of the present invention can not only provide a large amount of seedlings in a short time Wood, expands cultivated area, moreover it is possible to which original elite stand is depended in reduction unduly, saves propagating materials.
Embodiment
The principles and features of the present invention are described below, and the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit Determine the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
1st, stock is chosen:Selection is healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm, and the Yunnan large-leaf seed tea tree more than limb two, three-level branch is as stock, with height Potassium manganate solution carries out disinfection seed, in sand bed vernalization educate anvil, then pave upper strata sand bed, cover film after watering;
2nd, construction of nursery garden:Cool canopy is built, and cool canopy is highly 3m, is covered with sunshade net, and Gansu Province bedding is played in cool canopy, excavates draining Ditch, ditch depth 18cm;
3rd, grafting:Grafting time is generally selected in November to next year 2 months, and using cleft grafting bagging technique, half leaf is reserved in each scion Son;Each tree regards tree management and branch situation grafting 40-100 pieces differ;
4th, tree crown moulding:The overall effect of tree body is hall grafting Camellia nitidissima in cloud giant tea tree body, and reserved tea tree branch is given birth to as usual It is long, play the role of it is rising draw water and cover, surviving and growing moisture and nutriment are provided for scion, while exempt crop field Cultivate the construction of pergola facility;
5th, cultivation management:Keep Small plastic shed in temperature be 25~27 DEG C, while every 7~10 days ventilation once, water drenching once, often 25~30min of secondary ventilation, stock bud of periodically erasing, discharges fertilizer month by month, pays attention to the prevention of aphid, and cool canopy branch needs periodically to carry out Picking topping ensures shading rate more than 70% to promote the growth of tea tree bud-leaf;
6th, outplanting:6~10 months after grafting field planting, when seedling height be 30~50cm, well developed root system, the green and branch of blade turn Tip lignifying, and while being endangered without disease pest can go out garden sale or strange land transplanting.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of grafting cultivation method of Camellia nitidissima, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1st, stock is chosen:Selection is healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm, and the Yunnan large-leaf seed tea tree more than limb two, three-level branch is as stock, with height Potassium manganate solution carries out disinfection seed, in sand bed vernalization educate anvil, then pave upper strata sand bed, cover film after watering;
2nd, construction of nursery garden:Cool canopy is built, and cool canopy is highly 2.5~3m, is covered with sunshade net, and Gansu Province bedding is played in cool canopy, is excavated Gutter, 15~20cm of ditch depth;
3rd, grafting:Grafting time is generally selected in November to next year 2 months, and using cleft grafting bagging technique, half leaf is reserved in each scion Son;Each tree regards tree management and branch situation grafting 40-100 pieces differ;
4th, tree crown moulding:The overall effect of tree body is hall grafting Camellia nitidissima in cloud giant tea tree body, and reserved tea tree branch is given birth to as usual It is long, play the role of it is rising draw water and cover, surviving and growing moisture and nutriment are provided for scion, while exempt crop field Cultivate the construction of pergola facility;
5th, cultivation management:Keep Small plastic shed in temperature be 25~27 DEG C, while every 7~10 days ventilation once, water drenching once, often 25~30min of secondary ventilation, stock bud of periodically erasing, discharges fertilizer month by month, pays attention to the prevention of aphid, and cool canopy branch needs periodically to carry out Picking topping ensures shading rate more than 70% to promote the growth of tea tree bud-leaf;
6th, outplanting:6~10 months after grafting field planting, when seedling height be 30~50cm, well developed root system, the green and branch of blade turn Tip lignifying, and while being endangered without disease pest can go out garden sale or strange land transplanting.
2. the new method of Camellia nitidissima graft seedling growth according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gao Meng described in step (1) Sour potassium solution mass concentration is 0.5%.
3. the new method of Camellia nitidissima graft seedling growth according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Grafting is planted in step (3) Interval is not shut out the light each other with the blade that scion retains.
CN201711353023.0A 2017-12-16 2017-12-16 A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima Pending CN107926319A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711353023.0A CN107926319A (en) 2017-12-16 2017-12-16 A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711353023.0A CN107926319A (en) 2017-12-16 2017-12-16 A kind of engrafting method of Camellia nitidissima

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107926319A true CN107926319A (en) 2018-04-20

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283450A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-11 广西师范大学 Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN105145132A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-16 何翔 Golden camellia bonsai
CN105532272A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Grafting cultivation method of camellia chrysantha
CN105766391A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-20 广西壮族自治区农业科学院花卉研究所 Novel method for grafting seedling culture of camellia nitidissima
CN106688781A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-24 东兴鑫宇实业有限公司 Grafting propagation method of yellow camellia

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283450A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-11 广西师范大学 Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN105145132A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-16 何翔 Golden camellia bonsai
CN105532272A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Grafting cultivation method of camellia chrysantha
CN105766391A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-20 广西壮族自治区农业科学院花卉研究所 Novel method for grafting seedling culture of camellia nitidissima
CN106688781A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-24 东兴鑫宇实业有限公司 Grafting propagation method of yellow camellia

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Application publication date: 20180420