CN107124922A - Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling - Google Patents

Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107124922A
CN107124922A CN201710481081.5A CN201710481081A CN107124922A CN 107124922 A CN107124922 A CN 107124922A CN 201710481081 A CN201710481081 A CN 201710481081A CN 107124922 A CN107124922 A CN 107124922A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
wheel
drive
sprocket
rape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710481081.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小兵
袁栋
崔小冬
朱继平
丁艳
夏敏
李良波
杨斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority to CN201710481081.5A priority Critical patent/CN107124922A/en
Publication of CN107124922A publication Critical patent/CN107124922A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • A01B49/065Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising the soil-working tools being actively driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • A01C5/068Furrow packing devices, e.g. press wheels

Abstract

Combined working machine, including rubber belt track chassis, rotary tillage soil crushing device, dispenser, suppression device are suppressed the invention discloses a kind of rape precision drilling;The present invention by rotary tillage hack, wheel drive seeding, land wheel suppression be integrated in one, precision point sowing plantation can be carried out while rotary tillage process, then it is compacted through land wheel, plantation uniformity is improved than routine work equipment, per 12, cave rape seed, improve three times of operating efficiency, reduce tractor pressure ground twice, soil hardening degree can be avoided, operating cost 50% is reduced, and the yield of rape crops can be improved, increase peasant's farming benefit.

Description

Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling
Technical field
Combined working machine is suppressed the present invention relates to a kind of rape precision drilling, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
The currently used rape rotary tillage precise sower of China is less, need to first carry out rotary tillage process, then transplanted or Seeding operation, operating efficiency is low, and power consumption is high, and production cost is high, is unfavorable for growth of rape.
Therefore, now it is badly in need of a kind of rape precision drilling suppression combined working machine of exploitation, to meet current agricultural production requirement, Improve cole crop plantation multiple operation technical quality and efficiency.
The content of the invention
Combined working machine is suppressed it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of rape precision drilling, to solve above-mentioned background technology The problem of middle proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling, Including engine and rubber belt track chassis,
The top on described rubber belt track chassis sets engine and driver's seat;
Installed at the rear on described rubber belt track chassis by uni-drive gear box, drive sprocket, drive chain case, driving chain, rotary tillage Cutter shaft, the rotary tillage transmission constituted by movable sprocket, rotary blade, soil crushing device, upper cover plate is provided with the two sides of drive chain case;
One side plate is set respectively in the both sides of the upper cover plate, seed-box is provided with the top of side plate, in the bottom of seed-box Provided with by feed mechanism for seed, feed shaft, seed wheel, seeding sprocket wheel, the seeding dress that kind hairbrush, seeding driving chain and seed spout are constituted clearly Put;
In the back lower place of the upper cover plate, opener post is set, it is uniform on opener post that five groups of U-shaped bundle silks and five are installed Individual pointed shape plough, jackshaft, intermediate transmission minor sprocket, intermediate transmission big sprocket wheel are provided with the left side of opener post;
Land wheel support plate is connected in the back lower place of the side plate, sets and is made up of land axle, press wheel at the rear of land wheel support plate Suppression device, ground-driven sprocket wheel, driving chain are connected on the left of land axle.
Described rubber belt track chassis is driven after uni-drive gear box, drive sprocket rotation, then by driving chain, passive chain Wheel drive rotary tillage cutter shaft is rotated, and rotary tillage cutter shaft drives rotary blade to start chopping soil and throws operation backward;
Simultaneously in the case of unit advance operation, press wheel is rotated under ground friction, then by press wheel drivingly Wheel shaft is rotated, and land axle drives left side land wheel drive sprocket, driving chain, intermediate transmission big sprocket wheel, intermediate transmission chainlet rotation It is dynamic, then drive seeding driving chain, seeding sprocket wheel to rotate by intermediate transmission minor sprocket, seeding chain wheel drive feed shaft, seeding Wheel is rotated, and rape seed is after feed mechanism for seed cleans unnecessary seed through clear kind hairbrush, and the seed in seeding wheel bore flows into defeated kind Pipe, in plough, then uniform point is multicast to ploughed on, the hack covering thrown after rotary blade is finally compacted by press wheel, complete Into rotary tillage hack, three road flow charts of rape precision drilling and suppression.
Nylon plastic(s) matter seed wheel is provided with each feed mechanism for seed, is arranged with that four semicircles are spherical to fill kind on seed wheel Hole, the spherical seed-filling hole diameter D of semicircle is 3 millimeters, and the spherical seed-filling hole depth A of semicircle is 2.5 millimeters.
Present invention collection rotary tillage hack, transmission device, dispenser and suppression are installed on one, can once complete rotary tillage broken Soil, three road flow charts of rape precision drilling and suppression, i.e., carry out precision point sowing plantation, then through ground while rotary tillage process Wheel compacting, plantation uniformity is improved than routine work equipment, per cave 1-2 rape seed, is improved three times of operating efficiency, is reduced Tractor pressure ground twice, can avoid soil hardening degree, reduce operating cost 50%, and can improve the yield of rape crops, increase Peasant's farming benefit, its middle-size and small-size rubber track tractor wet field higher to moisture content has well adapting to property.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural front view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structure left view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is seed wheel structural front view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is seeding wheel construction left view in Fig. 1.
In figure:1st, engine, 2, driver's seat, 3, uni-drive gear box, 4, drive sprocket, 5, drive chain case, 6, driving chain, 7, Upper cover plate, 8, seed-box, 9, feed mechanism for seed, 10, feed shaft, 11, seed wheel, 12, seeding sprocket wheel, 13, plant hairbrush clearly, 14, seeding Driving chain, 15, seed spout, 16, ground-driven chain, 17, ground-driven sprocket wheel, 18, land axle, 19, press wheel, 20, Take turns support plate, 21, plough, 22, opener post, 23, intermediate transmission minor sprocket, 24, jackshaft, 25, U-shaped bundle silk, 26, middle It is driven big sprocket wheel, 27, rotary tillage cutter shaft, 28, by movable sprocket, 29, rotary blade, 30, side plate, 31, rubber belt track chassis.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Combined working machine is suppressed for a kind of rape precision drilling as shown in Figures 1 to 4, it includes engine 1 and rubber is carried out Band chassis 31,
The top on described rubber belt track chassis 31 sets engine 1 and driver's seat 2;
Installed at the rear on described rubber belt track chassis 31 by uni-drive gear box 3, drive sprocket 4, drive chain case 5, driving chain 6th, rotary tillage cutter shaft 27, the rotary tillage transmission constituted by movable sprocket 28, rotary blade 29, soil crushing device, are provided with the two sides of drive chain case 5 Upper cover plate 7;
One side plate 30 is set respectively in the both sides of the upper cover plate 7, seed-box 8 is provided with the top of side plate 30, in seed-box 8 Bottom be provided with by feed mechanism for seed 9, feed shaft 10, seed wheel 11, seeding sprocket wheel 12, clear plant hairbrush 13, the and of seeding driving chain 14 The dispenser that seed spout 15 is constituted;
In the back lower place of the upper cover plate 7, opener post 22 is set, it is uniform on opener post 22 that five groups of U-shaped bundle silks are installed 25 and five pointed shape ploughs 21, the left side of opener post 22 provided with jackshaft 24, intermediate transmission minor sprocket 23, in Between be driven big sprocket wheel 26;
Land wheel support plate 20 is connected in the back lower place of the side plate 30, is set at the rear of land wheel support plate 20 by land axle 18, town The suppression device that pinch roller 19 is constituted, ground-driven sprocket wheel 17, driving chain 16 are connected in the left side of land axle 18.
In use, rubber belt track chassis 31 driving uni-drive gear box 3, drive sprocket 4 rotate after, then by driving chain 6, Rotary tillage cutter shaft 27 is driven to rotate by movable sprocket 28, rotary tillage cutter shaft 27 drives rotary blade 29 to start chopping soil and throws work backward Industry;
Simultaneously in the case of unit advance operation, press wheel 19 is rotated under ground friction, is then driven by press wheel 19 Dynamic land axle 18 is rotated, land axle 18 drive left side land wheel drive sprocket 17, driving chain 16, intermediate transmission big sprocket wheel 26, in Between transmission minor sprocket 23 rotate, then drive seeding driving chain 14, seeding sprocket wheel 12 to rotate by intermediate transmission minor sprocket 23, arrange Plant the driving of sprocket wheel 12 feed shaft 10, seed wheel 11 to rotate, rape seed is clear by unnecessary seed through clear kind hairbrush 13 in feed mechanism for seed 9 After going, seed in the hole of seed wheel 11 flows into seed spout 15, in plough 21, then uniform point is multicast to ploughed on, per cave 1-2 Grain rape seed, the hack covering thrown after rotary blade, is finally compacted by press wheel 19, disposable to complete rotary tillage hack, rape Three road flow charts of precision drilling and suppression.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4:Nylon plastic(s) matter seed wheel 11 is provided with each feed mechanism for seed 9, is symmetrically set on seed wheel 11 There are four spherical seed-filling holes of semicircle, the spherical seed-filling hole diameter D of semicircle is 3 millimeters, and the spherical seed-filling hole depth A of semicircle is 2.5 millimeters.
Present invention collection rotary tillage hack, transmission device, dispenser and suppression are installed on one, can once complete rotary tillage broken Soil, three road flow charts of rape precision drilling and suppression, i.e., carry out precision point sowing plantation, then through ground while rotary tillage process Wheel compacting, plantation uniformity is improved than routine work equipment, per cave 1-2 rape seed, is improved three times of operating efficiency, is reduced Tractor pressure ground twice, can avoid soil hardening degree, reduce operating cost 50%, and can improve the yield of rape crops, increase Peasant's farming benefit, its middle-size and small-size rubber track tractor wet field higher to moisture content has well adapting to property.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.
Described above, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit the invention, every skill according to the present invention Any trickle amendment, equivalent substitution and improvement that art is substantially made to above example, should be included in technical solution of the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (3)

1. combined working machine, including engine are suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling(1)And rubber belt track chassis(31), its feature exists In:
Described rubber belt track chassis(31)Top set engine(1)And driver's seat(2);
On described rubber belt track chassis(31)Rear install by uni-drive gear box(3), drive sprocket(4), drive chain case(5)、 Driving chain(6), rotary tillage cutter shaft(27), by movable sprocket(28), rotary blade(29)The rotary tillage transmission of composition, soil crushing device, in chain Bar case(5)Two sides be provided with upper cover plate(7);
In the upper cover plate(7)Both sides one side plate is set respectively(30), in side plate(30)Top be provided with seed-box(8), In seed-box(8)Bottom be provided with by feed mechanism for seed(9), feed shaft(10), seed wheel(11), seeding sprocket wheel(12), plant hairbrush clearly (13), seeding driving chain(14)And seed spout(15)The dispenser of composition;
In the upper cover plate(7)The back lower place set opener post(22), in opener post(22)It is upper that five groups of U are uniformly installed Shape ties silk(25)With five pointed shape ploughs(21), in opener post(22)Left side be provided with jackshaft(24), middle pass Dynamic minor sprocket(23), intermediate transmission big sprocket wheel(26);
In the side plate(30)The back lower place be connected to land wheel support plate(20), in land wheel support plate(20)Rear set by land axle (18), press wheel(19)The suppression device of composition, in land axle(18)Left side be connected to ground-driven sprocket wheel(17), driving-chain Bar(16).
2. a kind of rape precision drilling suppression combined working machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described rubber Crawler body(31)Drive uni-drive gear box(3), drive sprocket(4)After rotation, then by driving chain(6), by movable sprocket (28)Drive rotary tillage cutter shaft(27)Rotate, rotary tillage cutter shaft(27)Drive rotary blade(29)Start chopping soil and throw work backward Industry;
Simultaneously in the case of unit advance operation, press wheel(19)Rotated under ground friction, then by press wheel (19)Drive land axle(18)Rotate, land axle(18)Drive left side land wheel drive sprocket(17), driving chain(16), middle pass Dynamic big sprocket wheel(26), intermediate transmission minor sprocket(23)Rotate, then by intermediate transmission minor sprocket(23)Drive seeding driving chain (14), seeding sprocket wheel(12)Rotate, seeding sprocket wheel(12)Drive feed shaft(10), seed wheel(11)Rotate, rape seed is in row Plant device(9)Hairbrush is planted through clear(13)After unnecessary seed is cleaned, seed wheel(11)Seed in cave flows into seed spout(15), open Ditch device(21)It is interior, then uniform point is multicast to ploughed on, the hack covering thrown after rotary blade, finally by press wheel(19)Pressure It is real, complete rotary tillage hack, three road flow charts of rape precision drilling and suppression.
3. a kind of rape precision drilling suppression combined working machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In each seeding Device(9)Provided with nylon plastic(s) matter seed wheel(11), in seed wheel(11)On be arranged with four spherical seed-filling holes of semicircle, semi-round ball Shape seed-filling hole diameter D is 3 millimeters, and the spherical seed-filling hole depth A of semicircle is 2.5 millimeters.
CN201710481081.5A 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling Pending CN107124922A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710481081.5A CN107124922A (en) 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710481081.5A CN107124922A (en) 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 Combined working machine is suppressed in a kind of rape precision drilling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107124922A true CN107124922A (en) 2017-09-05

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107852877A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-03-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of rotary tillage, ridging dibbling point water dispenser
CN108260370A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-07-10 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of rotary tillage soil-working aspiration small-sized seed precision drilling Unit erriger and method
CN109566104A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-05 潍坊科技学院 A kind of wheat stalk crushing returning to the field agricultural machinery
CN110199602A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-09-06 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 A kind of wheat cultivation all-in-one machine and implantation methods for having hack and flattening secondary suppression function
CN110278729A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-09-27 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Full-automatic transplantation combine
CN110710359A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-01-21 湖南农业大学 Rice direct seeding device
CN114946294A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-08-30 江苏电子信息职业学院 Intelligent compound seeder suitable for wet rotten field operation of rice stubble

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CN204721814U (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-28 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Dry land reversion Grass burying seeder
CN105165155A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Combination type operation machine capable of conducting fertilizer spreading, rotary tillage, sowing and spraying
CN205357012U (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-07-06 中国农业大学 Smart volume wheat seeder of banded rotary tillage broad width
CN106105444A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-16 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
CN106134553A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-23 太仓市项氏农机有限公司 Self-propelled preposition crushed stalk rearmounted rotary tillage ditching-fertilizing sowing integration of operation equipment
CN106171083A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104838746A (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-19 徐州润裕机械科技有限公司 Rotary tillage sowing and fertilization ditching multiple operation machine
CN204721814U (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-28 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Dry land reversion Grass burying seeder
CN105165155A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Combination type operation machine capable of conducting fertilizer spreading, rotary tillage, sowing and spraying
CN205357012U (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-07-06 中国农业大学 Smart volume wheat seeder of banded rotary tillage broad width
CN106105444A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-16 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
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CN106134553A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-23 太仓市项氏农机有限公司 Self-propelled preposition crushed stalk rearmounted rotary tillage ditching-fertilizing sowing integration of operation equipment

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107852877A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-03-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of rotary tillage, ridging dibbling point water dispenser
CN108260370A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-07-10 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of rotary tillage soil-working aspiration small-sized seed precision drilling Unit erriger and method
CN109566104A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-05 潍坊科技学院 A kind of wheat stalk crushing returning to the field agricultural machinery
CN110278729A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-09-27 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Full-automatic transplantation combine
CN110278729B (en) * 2019-06-13 2024-02-13 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Full-automatic transplanting combined operation machine
CN110199602A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-09-06 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 A kind of wheat cultivation all-in-one machine and implantation methods for having hack and flattening secondary suppression function
CN110710359A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-01-21 湖南农业大学 Rice direct seeding device
CN110710359B (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-12-24 湖南农业大学 Rice direct seeding device
CN114946294A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-08-30 江苏电子信息职业学院 Intelligent compound seeder suitable for wet rotten field operation of rice stubble

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Application publication date: 20170905