CN101390460B - No-tillage combined precision planter - Google Patents

No-tillage combined precision planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101390460B
CN101390460B CN2008103055119A CN200810305511A CN101390460B CN 101390460 B CN101390460 B CN 101390460B CN 2008103055119 A CN2008103055119 A CN 2008103055119A CN 200810305511 A CN200810305511 A CN 200810305511A CN 101390460 B CN101390460 B CN 101390460B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
girder
wheel
fertilizer
transmission shaft
combined precision
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008103055119A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101390460A (en
Inventor
陈立新
张继民
李忠权
陈永兴
岳静红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MIANZHOU XINLI FARM MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
MIANZHOU XINLI FARM MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MIANZHOU XINLI FARM MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical MIANZHOU XINLI FARM MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2008103055119A priority Critical patent/CN101390460B/en
Publication of CN101390460A publication Critical patent/CN101390460A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101390460B publication Critical patent/CN101390460B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

Disclosed is a no-tillage combined precision sowing machine; a suspended landing gear and a gearbox are arranged on a girder; a cutter shaft, a cutter head and blades are arranged below the girder; the machine is characterized in that the blades are in a flat and straight shape along the longitudinal direction; the horizontal distance between the blades at both sides of the cutter head is 8-12 cm; a fertilizer box, a fertilizer feeder, a seed box and a seed-metering device are respectively arranged on the girder from the front to the back; a fertilizer furrower is arranged on the girder and in front of the seed-metering device; a transmission shaft and a wheel carrier are arranged at the rear part of the girder; a suppression wheel is arranged on the wheel carrier; the suppression wheel is connected with the transmission wheel through a primary chain drive mechanism; the transmission shaft is connected with the fertilizer feeder and a drive wheel for the seed-metering device through a secondary chain drive mechanism; and a soil seal device is arranged in front of the suppression wheel on the girder. The no-tillage combined precision sowing machine can simultaneously complete a set of operating procedures including high-straw stubbing, furrowing, fertilizing, sowing, soil covering and suppressing and has high sowing efficiency; the machine does not damage the soil structure and is high in seed germination rate; besides, the machine protects the environment and can effectively prevent desertification.

Description

No-tillage combined precision planter
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery, the no-tillage combined precision planter that combines and can disposablely finish farmland operation is sowed in particularly a kind of farmland wholely.
Background technology
Spring, sowing guaranteed soil moisture content, and reducing whole ground number of times is the basis of guaranteeing the grain good harvest, and two cover machineries are adopted in traditional stubble-cleaning and sowing respectively, and operation is finished at twice.Single stubble cleaner can only be lacked a batch operation, and the peasant is neat and tidy with what tidy up in the ground, and stalk can not be arranged, otherwise stalk twine axle can't operation.Its shortcoming is: 1, operating efficiency is low, and operator's labour intensity is big, and the plant equipment fuel consumption is big.2, first stubble-cleaning, back sowing, soil moisture runs off serious, influences seed sprouting, reduces emergence rate, particularly causes soil organic matter to reduce year by year with this machine operation throughout the year, causes the hardening soil, and desertization forms the source, desert, does not meet the state guarantee tillage requirements.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention will solve the problem of above-mentioned existence, provide a kind of and can finish high bar breaking, trench digging, fertilising, sowing, earthing and suppression one cover operation operation simultaneously, the operating efficiency height, energy-conservation, do not destroy soil structure, the seeding ratio height can effectively prevent the no-tillage combined precision planter of desertification.
Technical solution of the present invention is: it has a girder, on girder, be provided with the suspension undercarriage, gearbox, below girder, be provided with the cutter shaft that is connected with output shaft of gear-box, cutterhead and blade, its special character is: blade longitudinally is flat, and the lateral separation between the blade of cutterhead both sides is 8-12 centimetre, on girder, be respectively arranged with fertile case from front to back, fertilizer apparatus and kind case, seeding unit, on girder, be positioned at the seeding unit front applicator boot is set, at the girder rear portion power transmission shaft and wheel carrier are installed, press wheel is installed on wheel carrier, the suppression wheel shaft is connected with power transmission shaft by the one-level chain drive, power transmission shaft is connected with the seeding unit driving wheel with fertilizer apparatus by the secondary chain drive, is positioned at the press wheel front and is provided with soil-covering means on girder.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described fertile case are to be made of a dark fertilizing box and a mouthful fertile case, and fertilizer apparatus is to be made of a fertilizer deep applicator and a mouthful fertile device, and described applicator boot is to be made of a deep-fertilizing furrow opener and a mouthful fertile plough.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter is provided with pallet in the girder back, and described power transmission shaft is installed on the pallet by bearing block and bearing.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described wheel carrier is hinged on the power transmission shaft.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described one-level chain drive is two.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described power transmission shaft are unequallength drivershaft.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described power transmission shaft are by first propeller section, second propeller section, and with first propeller section, hinged interior cover square tube and the overcoat square tube formation of second propeller section, described interior cover square tube is inserted in the overcoat square tube respectively.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, corresponding cutter shaft both sides and back are provided with backplate below girder.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, a described dark fertilizing box and a mouthful fertile case are integrated in the casing.
Above-mentioned no-tillage combined precision planter, described soil-covering means is located on the seeding unit.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. a tractor serves several purposes, hang with medium and small four-wheel tractor, form associating unit, simple in structure, compact and reasonable, be easy to manufacturing, easy to use, can realize that once row is finished the multi-mode operation operation, the work line number is two row, has improved peasant's sowing efficient, improves 30-40 doubly than other single ash stubble, sower operating efficiency, alleviated labourer's intensity, easy to utilize.
2. energy savings, reduce expenditure, owing to adopted narrow dish straight knife technology, on the basis of not destroying former ridge, carry out the directly sowing of breaking trench digging back, can significantly reduce the resistance of machine, improve operating efficiency 30%, fuel consumption can economize 30%, whole ground number of times is few, both alleviate peasant's financial burden, reduced peasant's labour intensity, saved the energy for country again.
3. do not destroy soil structure, reduce soil water evaporation, the seeding ratio height; Because arid short of rain year by year, it very is worried that the peasant sows spring, and this machine is by the operation of narrow dish straight knife, on the basis of not destroying original soil structure, simultaneously the seed chemical fertilizer is broadcast in soil by plough and suppressed by soil-covering means, press wheel grave mound subsequently, guarantee that seeding ratio is more than 95%.
4. the protection environment has effectively prevented desertification.This Precision Seeding machine by the operation of the narrow dish straight knife of high bar after; stalk is rotted in the soil gradually; increase the air permeability of soil, make soil conservation loose, be difficult for hardening; increased the organic matter of soil; the soil water absorption is strengthened, prevent erosion, check the soil desertization; as seen this machine has good environmental benefit, meets the state guarantee tillage requirements fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is cutter shaft among the present invention, cutterhead and blade syndeton schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.
Among the figure: hang undercarriage 1, gearbox power shaft 2, gearbox 3, dark fertilizing box 4, the fertile fertilizer apparatus 5 of deep placement, mouthful fertile case 6, mouthful fertile row are device 7, Seeding box 8, secondary chain drive 9, pallet 10, power transmission shaft 11, the first propeller section 1101, the second propeller section 1102, wheel carrier 12, buffer bar 13, one-level chain drive 14, press wheel 15, soil-covering means 16, seeding unit 17, girder 18, mouthful fertile plough 19, deep-fertilizing furrow opener 20, backplate 21, cutter shaft 22, cutterhead 23, blade 24, Height Adjustment position-limited wheel 25, chain cover 26, interior cover square tube 27, overcoat square tube 28.
Embodiment
This no-tillage combined precision planter has a girder 18, is provided with in girder 18 fronts to hang undercarriage 1, in girder 18 front end both sides Height Adjustment position-limited wheel 25 is installed.Be provided with gearbox 3 at girder 18 middle parts, output axle head at gearbox 3 connects cutter shaft 22, cutterhead 23 is installed on cutter shaft 22, on cutterhead 23, be provided with the pin trousers, in the pin trousers on cutterhead 23 blade 24 is installed, corresponding cutter shaft 22 both sides and back are provided with backplate 21 below girder 18, and cutter shaft 22 two ends are installed on the backplate 21 by bearing block and bearing, blade 24 longitudinally is flat, and the lateral separation between the blade 24 of cutterhead 23 both sides is 812 centimetres.Be respectively arranged with a dark fertilizing box 4 and a mouthful fertile case 6, the fertile fertilizer apparatus 5 of deep placement and mouthful fertile row from front to back device 7 and Seeding box 8, seeding unit 17 on girder 18, a described dark fertilizing box 4 and the fertile case 6 of mouth are integrated in the casing.By fastening bolt pallet 10 is installed in girder 18 back, described seeding unit 17 is installed on the pallet 10.On pallet 10, adjustable length power transmission shaft 11 is installed by bearing block and bearing, described power transmission shaft 11 is by first propeller section 1101, second propeller section 1102, constitute by bearing pin hinged interior cover square tube 27 and overcoat square tube 28 with first propeller section 1101, second propeller section 1102 respectively, cover square tube 27 is inserted in the overcoat square tube 27 in described, both can be according to the wide adjustment fabric width of ridge, can prevent from again that one of them press wheel 15 from throwing switch to cause broadcast leakage.(wheel carrier 12 also can directly be hinged on the girder 17 being hinged with wheel carrier 12 on the power transmission shaft 11, at wheel carrier 12 other ends press wheel 15 is installed, between pallet 10 and press wheel 15, be provided with buffer bar 13, two suppression wheel shafts are connected with power transmission shaft 11 by one-level chain drive 14 respectively, the one-level chain drive 14 outer chain covers 26 that are provided with, power transmission shaft 11 is by the fertile fertilizer apparatus 5 of secondary chain drive 9 and deep placement, the fertile fertilizer apparatus 7 of mouth is connected with seeding unit 17 driving wheels, is positioned at press wheel 15 fronts and is provided with soil-covering means 16 on seeding unit 17 (also can be located on the pallet 10).On girder 18, be positioned at seeding unit 17 fronts and be separately installed with deep-fertilizing furrow opener 20 and mouthful fertile plough 19 from front to back.
During use, transmission tractor in back is linked to each other with gearbox power shaft 2, the hydraulic stem of tractor links to each other with suspension undercarriage 1, can realize the unit walking by hanging undercarriage 1 lifting, the power of tractor passes on the cutter shaft 22 through gearbox 3 by rear output shaft, drive cutterhead 23 rotations and carry out the breaking trench digging,, this machine is adapted in the ground operation of the high bar of row spacing excursion 50-70cm by adjusting the relative position of cutterhead 23 on cutter shaft 22 by blade 24.Under the driving of press wheel 15, by fertilizer apparatus fertilizer is manured into soil by plough by one-level chain drive 14; Make seeding unit 17 rotations simultaneously, seed is broadcast in soil, again by soil-covering means 16 grave mounds, breaking, fertilising, sowing are finally finished in press wheel 15 suppressions.

Claims (8)

1. no-tillage combined precision planter, comprise girder, on girder, be provided with the suspension undercarriage, gearbox, below girder, be provided with the cutter shaft that is connected with output shaft of gear-box, cutterhead is installed on cutter shaft, blade is installed on cutterhead, it is characterized in that: blade longitudinally is flat, and the lateral separation that is located axially at cutter shaft between the blade of cutterhead both sides is 8-12 centimetres, on girder, be respectively arranged with fertile case from front to back, fertilizer apparatus and Seeding box, seeding unit, on girder, be positioned at the seeding unit front applicator boot is set, at the girder rear portion power transmission shaft and wheel carrier are installed, be provided with pallet in the girder back, described power transmission shaft is installed on the pallet by bearing block and bearing, and described wheel carrier is hinged on the power transmission shaft, press wheel is installed on wheel carrier, the suppression wheel shaft is connected with power transmission shaft by the one-level chain drive, and power transmission shaft is connected with the seeding unit driving wheel with fertilizer apparatus by the secondary chain drive, is positioned at the press wheel front and is provided with soil-covering means on girder.
2. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fertile case is to be made of a dark fertilizing box and a mouthful fertile case, fertilizer apparatus is to be made of a fertile fertilizer apparatus of deep placement and a mouthful fertile fertilizer apparatus, and described applicator boot is to be made of a deep-fertilizing furrow opener and a mouthful fertile plough.
3. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described one-level chain drive is two.
4. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described power transmission shaft is a unequallength drivershaft.
5. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power transmission shaft is by first propeller section, second propeller section, with first propeller section, hinged interior cover square tube and the overcoat square tube formation of second propeller section, described interior cover square tube is inserted in the overcoat square tube respectively.
6. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: corresponding cutter shaft both sides and back are provided with backplate below girder.
7. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 2 is characterized in that: a described dark fertilizing box and a mouthful fertile case are integrated in the casing.
8. no-tillage combined precision planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described soil-covering means is located on the seeding unit.
CN2008103055119A 2008-11-12 2008-11-12 No-tillage combined precision planter Expired - Fee Related CN101390460B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008103055119A CN101390460B (en) 2008-11-12 2008-11-12 No-tillage combined precision planter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008103055119A CN101390460B (en) 2008-11-12 2008-11-12 No-tillage combined precision planter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101390460A CN101390460A (en) 2009-03-25
CN101390460B true CN101390460B (en) 2010-07-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416142B (en) * 2012-10-08 2015-05-13 华中农业大学 Sowing-fertilization linked ground wheel profile driving device
CN104094705B (en) * 2013-04-02 2016-05-11 吉林省康达农业机械有限公司 Two transmission tillage-free finger-clamping type seeder with precision fertilizations
CN104782276A (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-07-22 中机北方机械有限公司 Corn no-tillage precision planter
CN104081915B (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-08-31 洛阳市鑫乐机械设备有限公司 A kind of dual-purpose combined seed and fertilizer drill of wheat and corn
CN104584734A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 西安亚澳农机股份有限公司 Device with functions of seedling protection and straw anti-burning and decay promotion for no-tillage planter
CN106879282A (en) * 2015-12-15 2017-06-23 重庆市瑰邦农业开发有限公司 A kind of corn drill
CN105766154A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-20 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land
CN106385814A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-02-15 昆明理工大学 Fagopyrum tataricum no-tillage planter
CN107148831B (en) * 2017-04-18 2020-03-31 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Deep-application top-dressing machine for wheat

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Granted publication date: 20100707

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