CN105766154A - Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land - Google Patents

Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105766154A
CN105766154A CN201610210770.8A CN201610210770A CN105766154A CN 105766154 A CN105766154 A CN 105766154A CN 201610210770 A CN201610210770 A CN 201610210770A CN 105766154 A CN105766154 A CN 105766154A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
film
frame
coverer
seeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610210770.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610210770.8A priority Critical patent/CN105766154A/en
Publication of CN105766154A publication Critical patent/CN105766154A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/06Seeders combined with fertilising apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/025Devices for laying-out or removing plant coverings

Abstract

The invention provides a self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for a saline and alkaline land. The self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine comprises a rack, a furrow opener, a soil coverer, a suppression wheel, a laminating mechanism, a cruise controller capable of cruising, a sowing device, a fertilization device, a storage battery, a walking wheel and a chain transmission mechanism, wherein the furrow opener is arranged under the middle part of the rack; the soil coverer is connected at the left end of the furrow opener; the suppression wheel is connected under the rack at the left end of the soil coverer; the laminating mechanism is connected under the rack at the left end of the suppression wheel; and the cruise controller capable of cruising is connected above the rack. The self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for the saline and alkaline land is reasonable to design and convenient to use; a plurality of types of work including furrow opening, fertilization, sowing, soil covering, suppression, lamination and the like can be realized in one step; and the automation degree is improved, the operation is simple, the number of times of working is reduced, the working efficiency is improved and the labor force is reduced.

Description

A kind of salt-soda soil is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, be specifically related to the self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine in a kind of salt-soda soil.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil Crops in Applying Fertilizer, sowing and film coating operation are most important one group of links in whole Facility Agriculture Development process, at present, domestic agricultural fertilizer, sowing and overlay film machinery are mainly open work, Crops in Applying Fertilizer, sowing and coating process all adopt the mode of artificial broadcast application, artificial dibbling and artificial overlay film, the problems such as ferti-seeding amount, the sturdy degree of the ferti-seeding degree of depth and thin film ground be uneven occur.Minority adopts mechanized application, sowing and overlay film, although being capable of fertilising, sowing and film coating operation, but line-spacing can only be ensured, ferti-seeding precision is low and overlay film weak effect, modern installations agricultural accurate fertilizing, sowing and film coating technique requirement cannot be realized, namely cannot realize the agriculture requirement of dose, sowing fixed qty, spacing in the rows, line-spacing, the ferti-seeding degree of depth and overlay film width etc..Present equipment does not have the multi-mode operation functions such as disposable trench digging, fertilising, sowing, earthing, suppression and overlay film, adds operations number, destroys sowing effect;Malfunction during work, turning amplitude be big and job insecurity, is unfavorable for the growth of crops.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to as solving above-mentioned deficiency, it is provided that a kind of salt-soda soil is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine.
It is an object of the invention to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of salt-soda soil is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, including frame, plough, coverer, press wheel, film-covering mechanism, can navigation speed controller, seeding apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, accumulator, road wheel and chain-drive mechanism, plough is arranged on below central rack, coverer is connected to the left end of plough, press wheel is connected to below the frame of coverer left end, film-covering mechanism is connected to below the frame of press wheel left end, can be connected to above frame by navigation speed controller, seeding apparatus is arranged on upper rack, fertilizer apparatus is arranged on the right side of seeding apparatus, accumulator is arranged on the right side of fertilizer apparatus, road wheel is connected to the right-hand member of frame, chain-drive mechanism is connected to the left end of road wheel.
Seeding apparatus includes seed-box, seeds scraper, feed mechanism for seed, seeds protecting plate, U-shaped connector, discharging tube, seed wheel and housing, seeds scraper is arranged on seed-box bottom, feed mechanism for seed is arranged on seed wheel top, seeds protecting plate is arranged on the oblique downside of feed mechanism for seed, U-shaped connector is arranged on the upper end of discharging tube, and discharging tube is connected to lower housing portion.
Film-covering mechanism includes frame, overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod, roll film wheel assembly, earthing rolls dish, earthing rolls dish and rotates axle, earthing rolls dish connecting rod, roll film wheel, spring, roll film wheel link, overlay film unlocking wheel, shrinking connecting-rod, overlay film unlocking wheel assembly, earthing rolls dish assembly and U-shaped connector, overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod is arranged on frame front lower portion, roll film wheel assembly and be arranged on frame rear end bottom, earthing rolls dish connection and rolls film wheel assembly, earthing rolls dish and rotates axle and be connected to and roll on film wheel assembly, earthing rolls the connection of dish connecting rod and rolls film wheel assembly, roll film wheel link and be arranged on the downside of central rack, spring connects to roll film wheel and roll film respectively takes turns link, overlay film unlocking wheel is connected to overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod lower end, shrinking connecting-rod connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly, earthing rolls dish assembly and connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly, U-shaped connector fixes shrinking connecting-rod.
Plough includes ploughshare handle, core ploughshare, side plate, connector and coverer positioning hole, and ploughshare handle is connected to side plate right upper portion, and core ploughshare is arranged on the low order end of side plate, and connector is connected to the right side of side plate, and coverer positioning hole is arranged on the left side of connector.
Coverer adopts scraper type soil covering device, is arranged on the rear end of plough, and press wheel is arranged on after coverer, is connected with frame by bearing.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
The present invention is reasonable in design, easy to use, it is achieved that once complete the multi-mode operations such as trench digging, fertilising, sowing, earthing, suppression and overlay film, and automaticity improves, simple to operate, decreases operations number, improves working performance, reduces labour force.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the seeding apparatus structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the film-covering mechanism structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the plough structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of salt-soda soil is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, including frame 1, plough 2, coverer 3, press wheel 4, film-covering mechanism 5, can navigation speed controller 6, seeding apparatus 7, fertilizer apparatus 8, accumulator 9, road wheel 10 and chain-drive mechanism 11, plough 2 is arranged on lower section in the middle part of frame 1, coverer 3 is connected to the left end of plough 2, press wheel 4 is connected to below the frame of coverer 3 left end, film-covering mechanism 5 is connected to below the frame 1 of press wheel 4 left end, can be connected to above frame 1 by navigation speed controller 6, seeding apparatus 7 is arranged on frame 1 top, fertilizer apparatus 8 is arranged on the right side of seeding apparatus 7, accumulator 9 is arranged on the right side of fertilizer apparatus 8, road wheel 10 is connected to the right-hand member of frame 1, chain-drive mechanism 11 is connected to the left end of road wheel 10.
Seeding apparatus includes seed-box 12, seeds scraper 13, feed mechanism for seed 14, seeds protecting plate 15, U-shaped connector 16, discharging tube 17, seed wheel 18 and housing 19, seeds scraper 13 is arranged on seed-box 12 bottom, feed mechanism for seed 14 is arranged on seed wheel 18 top, seeds protecting plate 15 is arranged on feed mechanism for seed 14 tiltedly downside, U-shaped connector 16 is arranged on the upper end of discharging tube 17, and discharging tube 17 is connected to housing 19 bottom.
nullFilm-covering mechanism includes frame 20、Overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod 21、Roll film wheel assembly 22、Earthing rolls dish 23、Earthing rolls dish and rotates axle 24、Earthing rolls dish connecting rod 25、Roll film wheel 26、Spring 27、Roll film wheel link 28、Overlay film unlocking wheel 29、Shrinking connecting-rod 30、Overlay film unlocking wheel assembly 31、Earthing rolls dish assembly 32 and U-shaped connector 33,Overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod 21 is arranged on frame 20 front lower portion,Roll film wheel assembly 22 and be arranged on frame 20 rear end lower,Earthing rolls dish 23 connection and rolls film wheel assembly 22,Earthing rolls dish and rotates axle 24 and be connected to and roll on film wheel assembly 22,Earthing rolls dish connecting rod 25 connection and rolls film wheel assembly 22,Roll film wheel link 28 and be arranged on downside in the middle part of frame 20,Spring 27 connects to roll film wheel 26 and roll film respectively takes turns link 28,Overlay film unlocking wheel 29 is connected to overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod 21 lower end,Shrinking connecting-rod 30 connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly 31,Earthing rolls dish assembly 32 and connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly 31,U-shaped connector 33 fixes shrinking connecting-rod 30.
Plough includes ploughshare handle 34, core ploughshare 35, side plate 36, connector 37 and coverer positioning hole 38, ploughshare handle 34 is connected to side plate 36 right upper portion, core ploughshare 35 is arranged on the low order end of side plate 36, and connector 37 is connected to the right side of side plate 36, and coverer positioning hole 38 is arranged on the left side of connector 37.
Coverer adopts scraper type soil covering device, is arranged on the rear end of plough, and press wheel is arranged on after coverer, is connected with frame by bearing.
Seeding operation process: the workpiece of pocket wheel feed mechanism for seed is the pocket wheel that a trunnion axis rotates, when pocket wheel rotates, seed rolls in type hole by gravity, after scraping kind of sheet and removing unnecessary seed, seed in pocket forwards lower section with pocket to along seeds protecting plate, enter discharging tube by gravity fall and put into kind of a ditch, it is achieved that seeding technique requirement, sow effective.Wherein, before ferti-seeding, defertilizing tube and discharging tube are adjusted height by U-shaped connector, meet fertilizer and the job requirements of seed coordination layer by layer manuring sowing, it is to avoid occur burning the phenomenon planted.Before sowing, it is desirable to seed is carried out pill type process, make seed granularity uniform, in order to fill kind.
Film coating operation process: after this machine ferti-seeding, plastic sheeting is launched and Manure Mulching sowing place by overlay film unlocking wheel assembly, and plastic sheeting both sides are compressed by the film wheel assembly that rolls at two ends, frame left and right, and plastic sheeting is laterally strained and is close to the ground of ferti-seeding;Then rolled dish assembly by frame rear end earthing and plastic sheeting both sides are carried out earthing, thus completing whole film coating operation.
Operation principle: during operation, by setting pace by navigation speed controller, accumulator provides power, drives road wheel to rotate and advances;Plough breaks ground trench digging, and road wheel rotates through chain-drive mechanism and drives the automatic fertilizer apparatus in fertilizer apparatus and the automatic sowing device in seeding apparatus to rotate, and fertilizer and seed is dropped into fertile ditch and plants in the middle of ditch, completing fertilizer seeding;The fertilizer and seed that enter ditch are covered by coverer below, and the fertilizer after covering and seed are loosened the soil suppression by press wheel, and the fertilizer after suppressing and seed are carried out overlay film by film-covering mechanism, and whole operations complete.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; when without departing substantially from present invention spirit and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art are when can make various corresponding change and deformation according to the present invention, but these change accordingly and deformation all should belong to the scope of the claims appended by the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a salt-soda soil is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, including frame, plough, coverer, press wheel, film-covering mechanism, can navigation speed controller, seeding apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, accumulator, road wheel and chain-drive mechanism, it is characterized in that: plough is arranged on below central rack, coverer is connected to the left end of plough, press wheel is connected to below the frame of coverer left end, film-covering mechanism is connected to below the frame of press wheel left end, can be connected to above frame by navigation speed controller, seeding apparatus is arranged on upper rack, fertilizer apparatus is arranged on the right side of seeding apparatus, accumulator is arranged on the right side of fertilizer apparatus, road wheel is connected to the right-hand member of frame, chain-drive mechanism is connected to the left end of road wheel.
2. a kind of salt-soda soil according to claim 1 is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, it is characterized in that: described seeding apparatus includes seed-box, seeds scraper, feed mechanism for seed, seeds protecting plate, U-shaped connector, discharging tube, seed wheel and housing, seeds scraper is arranged on seed-box bottom, feed mechanism for seed is arranged on seed wheel top, seeds protecting plate is arranged on the oblique downside of feed mechanism for seed, U-shaped connector is arranged on the upper end of discharging tube, and discharging tube is connected to lower housing portion.
null3. a kind of salt-soda soil according to claim 1 is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine,It is characterized in that: described film-covering mechanism includes frame、Overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod、Roll film wheel assembly、Earthing rolls dish、Earthing rolls dish and rotates axle、Earthing rolls dish connecting rod、Roll film wheel、Spring、Roll film wheel link、Overlay film unlocking wheel、Shrinking connecting-rod、Overlay film unlocking wheel assembly、Earthing rolls dish assembly and U-shaped connector,Overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod is arranged on frame front lower portion,Roll film wheel assembly and be arranged on frame rear end bottom,Earthing rolls dish connection and rolls film wheel assembly,Earthing rolls dish and rotates axle and be connected to and roll on film wheel assembly,Earthing rolls the connection of dish connecting rod and rolls film wheel assembly,Roll film wheel link to be arranged on the downside of central rack,Spring connects to roll film wheel and roll film respectively takes turns link,Overlay film unlocking wheel is connected to overlay film unlocking wheel connecting rod lower end,Shrinking connecting-rod connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly,Earthing rolls dish assembly and connects overlay film unlocking wheel assembly,U-shaped connector fixes shrinking connecting-rod.
4. a kind of salt-soda soil according to claim 1 is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, it is characterized in that: described plough includes ploughshare handle, core ploughshare, side plate, connector and coverer positioning hole, ploughshare handle is connected to side plate right upper portion, core ploughshare is arranged on the low order end of side plate, connector is connected to the right side of side plate, and coverer positioning hole is arranged on the left side of connector.
5. a kind of salt-soda soil according to claim 1 is with self-propelled ferti-seeding film mulching integrated machine, it is characterized in that: described coverer adopts scraper type soil covering device, being arranged on the rear end of plough, press wheel is arranged on after coverer, is connected with frame by bearing.
CN201610210770.8A 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land Pending CN105766154A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610210770.8A CN105766154A (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610210770.8A CN105766154A (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111869379A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-03 宗柱丞 Garlic seeder
CN112703845A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-27 山东常林派克农业机械有限公司 Rice dry direct seeding and film mulching method and film mulching all-in-one machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201025767Y (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-02-27 张举 General fertilizing seeder for grain and vegetable
CN101390460A (en) * 2008-11-12 2009-03-25 锦州市新立农机制造有限公司 No-tillage combined precision planter
JP2010246428A (en) * 2009-04-13 2010-11-04 Iseki & Co Ltd Seed feeding device of direct seeder
CN203814164U (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-09-10 刘成志 Membrane mulching sowing machine matched with walking tractor
CN205030077U (en) * 2015-08-13 2016-02-17 山东农业大学 Self -propelled fertilizing and seeding tectorial membrane all -in -one in greenhouse

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201025767Y (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-02-27 张举 General fertilizing seeder for grain and vegetable
CN101390460A (en) * 2008-11-12 2009-03-25 锦州市新立农机制造有限公司 No-tillage combined precision planter
JP2010246428A (en) * 2009-04-13 2010-11-04 Iseki & Co Ltd Seed feeding device of direct seeder
CN203814164U (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-09-10 刘成志 Membrane mulching sowing machine matched with walking tractor
CN205030077U (en) * 2015-08-13 2016-02-17 山东农业大学 Self -propelled fertilizing and seeding tectorial membrane all -in -one in greenhouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111869379A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-03 宗柱丞 Garlic seeder
CN112703845A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-27 山东常林派克农业机械有限公司 Rice dry direct seeding and film mulching method and film mulching all-in-one machine

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Application publication date: 20160720

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