CN204217357U - No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine - Google Patents

No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine Download PDF

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CN204217357U
CN204217357U CN201420683858.8U CN201420683858U CN204217357U CN 204217357 U CN204217357 U CN 204217357U CN 201420683858 U CN201420683858 U CN 201420683858U CN 204217357 U CN204217357 U CN 204217357U
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layer
subsoiling
tillage
manuring
shovel
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庞集中
张彦奇
庞阿建
王修宇
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to seeding machinery technical field, discloses a kind of no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine.Its technical characteristics is: comprise frame, frame is provided with fertile case, plants case, frame is arranged with rotary blade, defertilizing tube, disc type water furrow planting device, press wheel, the rear of described rotary blade is provided with subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than 8-15 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade bottom, defertilizing tube is at subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel rear side, and defertilizing tube is provided with 3-5 fertilizer outlets from top to bottom.This is no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine, have employed a rotary tillage, two subsoilings, three fertilisings, four sowings, after rotary tillage, carries out subsoiling, and the soil layer under the just rotary tillage layer of subsoiling, greatly reduces power consumption, reduce sowing cost.Defertilizing tube makes chemical fertilizer be distributed in 5-25 centimeters under surface layer, and the fertilizer layer of 20 centimetres makes wheat sufficient at seedling stage, mid-term, later stage fertilizer.

Description

No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to seeding machinery technical field, particularly relates to a kind of no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine.
Background technology
The wheat seeder of current use, adopts the workflow of a subsoiling, two fertilisings, three rotary tillages, four sowings at seeding time.First this sower carries out Subsoiler, greatly consumes the power of tractor, and chemical fertilizer is only executed on rotary tillage layer, and make wheat later stage fertilizer not enough, root system is undeveloped, affects the output of wheat.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is just to provide one can reduce power consumption, reduces sowing cost, promotes that wheat root prosperity is resistant to lodging, improves the no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine of chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: comprise frame, frame is provided with fertile case, plants case, frame is arranged with rotary blade, defertilizing tube, disc type water furrow planting device, press wheel, the rear of described rotary blade is provided with subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than rotary blade bottom 8---15 centimetres, defertilizing tube is on rear side of subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, and defertilizing tube is provided with 3 from top to bottom---5 fertilizer outlets on the lower.
Its additional technical feature is: described subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than 10 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade bottom;
Described fertilizer outlet is 4;
Described rotary blade and subsoiling layer by layer manuring are shoveled and are separated by 1---and 4 centimetres;
After described each subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, both sides divide two rows to be provided with two disc type water furrow planting devices.
During no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine sowing provided by the utility model, frame moves ahead along with tractor, first carry out rotary tillage process by rotary blade, then subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel carries out Subsoiler under rotary tillage layer, then defertilizing tube carries out layer by layer manuring by multiple fertilizer outlet, thereafter disc type water furrow planting device is sowed, and press wheel is suppressed.No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine provided by the utility model, have employed the workflow of a rotary tillage, two subsoilings, three fertilisings, four sowings, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel is arranged on the rear of rotary blade, subsoiling is carried out after rotary tillage, spear 10 cm under rotary tillage layer of subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, soil layer under the just rotary tillage layer of subsoiling, thus greatly reduce power consumption, reduce sowing cost.Defertilizing tube is at subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel rear side, 4 fertilizer outlets of defertilizing tube make chemical fertilizer be distributed under surface layer 5---25 centimeters, chemical fertilizer is executed at rotary tillage layer and subsoiling layer, and the fertilizer layer of 20 centimetres makes wheat in seedling stage, mid-term, later stage fertilizer abundance, promotes that wheat root prosperity is resistant to lodging.As required, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than 10 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade bottom, and fertilizer outlet is 4, and rotary blade and subsoiling layer by layer manuring are shoveled and be separated by 1---and 4 centimetres.And both sides divide two rows to be provided with two disc type water furrow planting devices after each subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, make fertilizer layering concentrate on the centre of two row wheats, make wheat obtain the supply of fertilizer nutrient in each vegetative period, improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.In using, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel is 6, and 12 disc type water furrow planting devices divide two rows to be distributed in the rear both sides of 6 subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovels.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine of the utility model.
Embodiment
Be described further below in conjunction with the concrete structure of accompanying drawing to the no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is no-tillage, and subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine comprises frame 1, frame 1 is provided with fertile case 2, plant case 3, frame 1 is arranged with rotary blade 4, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5, defertilizing tube 6, disc type water furrow planting device 7, press wheel 8, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5 is arranged on the rear of rotary blade 4, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovels 5 bottoms than rotary blade 4 bottom on the lower 8---and 15 centimetres, defertilizing tube 6 is on rear side of subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5, defertilizing tube 6 is provided with 4 fertilizer outlets 61 from top to bottom, 62, 63, 64, rotary blade 4 and subsoiling layer by layer manuring are shoveled 5 and are separated by 1---and 4 centimetres, after each subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5, both sides divide two rows to be provided with two disc type water furrow planting devices 7.
During no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine sowing provided by the utility model, frame 1 moves ahead along with tractor, first carry out rotary tillage process by rotary blade 4, then subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5 carries out Subsoiler under rotary tillage layer, then defertilizing tube 6 carries out layer by layer manuring by multiple fertilizer outlet 61,62,63,64, thereafter disc type water furrow planting device 7 is sowed, and press wheel 8 is suppressed.No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine provided by the utility model, have employed the workflow of a rotary tillage, two subsoilings, three fertilisings, four sowings, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5 is arranged on the rear of rotary blade 4, subsoiling is carried out after rotary tillage, spear 10 cm under rotary tillage layer of subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5, soil layer under the just rotary tillage layer of subsoiling, thus greatly reduce power consumption, reduce sowing cost.Defertilizing tube 6 is on rear side of subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 5,4 fertilizer outlets 61,62,63,64 of defertilizing tube make chemical fertilizer be distributed under surface layer 5---25 centimeters, chemical fertilizer is executed at rotary tillage layer and subsoiling layer, the fertilizer layer of 20 centimetres makes wheat in seedling stage, mid-term, later stage fertilizer abundance, promotes that wheat root prosperity is resistant to lodging.As required, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovels 5 bottoms than 10 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade 4 bottom, and fertilizer outlet is 61,62,63,64 totally 4, and rotary blade 5 and subsoiling layer by layer manuring are shoveled 6 and be separated by 1---and 4 centimetres.And both sides are provided with two disc type water furrow planting devices 7 after each subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 6, make fertilizer layering concentrate on the centre of two row wheats, make wheat obtain the supply of fertilizer nutrient in each vegetative period, improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.In using, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel 6 is 6, and 12 disc type water furrow planting devices, 7 point of two row is distributed in the rear both sides of 6 subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovels 6.
Protection domain of the present utility model is not only confined to above-described embodiment, as long as identical with the utility model no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine structure, just drops on the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (5)

1. no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine, comprise frame, frame is provided with fertile case, plants case, frame is arranged with rotary blade, defertilizing tube, disc type water furrow planting device, press wheel, it is characterized in that: the rear of described rotary blade is provided with subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than 8-15 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade bottom, and defertilizing tube is at subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel rear side, and defertilizing tube is provided with 3-5 fertilizer outlets from top to bottom.
2. no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel bottom is than 10 centimetres on the lower, rotary blade bottom.
3. no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fertilizer outlet is 4.
4. no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotary blade and subsoiling layer by layer manuring are shoveled and be separated by 1-4 centimetres.
5. no-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: after described each subsoiling layer by layer manuring shovel, both sides divide two rows to be provided with two disc type water furrow planting devices.
CN201420683858.8U 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine Active CN204217357U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105519273A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-04-27 中国农业大学 Layered fertilizer application, deep scarification and sowing machine
CN105960866A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 河南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所 Rotary tiller adopting stubble-attached subsoiling for corn
CN106717203A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of layer-by-layer fertilizing seeder
CN106982638A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-28 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 A kind of significant wheat planting method of fertilizer effect
CN107371419A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-24 吉林省农业科学院 Compound deep placement deep soil loosing shovel and compound deep placement subsoiling method
CN110622797A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-31 河北省农林科学院旱作农业研究所 Grass-inhibiting soil moisture-preserving sowing method for summer corn and winter rape and sowing machine used for method
CN112296082A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-02-02 国环绿能(北京)技术咨询有限公司 Be arranged in soil heavy metal pollution to administer device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105519273A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-04-27 中国农业大学 Layered fertilizer application, deep scarification and sowing machine
CN105960866A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 河南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所 Rotary tiller adopting stubble-attached subsoiling for corn
CN105960866B (en) * 2016-06-22 2019-04-30 河南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所 A kind of corn patch stubble subsoiling rotary cultivator
CN106717203A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of layer-by-layer fertilizing seeder
CN106982638A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-28 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 A kind of significant wheat planting method of fertilizer effect
CN107371419A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-24 吉林省农业科学院 Compound deep placement deep soil loosing shovel and compound deep placement subsoiling method
CN107371419B (en) * 2017-07-17 2021-03-30 吉林省农业科学院 Composite deep-application subsoiling shovel and composite deep-application subsoiling method
CN110622797A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-31 河北省农林科学院旱作农业研究所 Grass-inhibiting soil moisture-preserving sowing method for summer corn and winter rape and sowing machine used for method
CN112296082A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-02-02 国环绿能(北京)技术咨询有限公司 Be arranged in soil heavy metal pollution to administer device

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