CN2843026Y - Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder - Google Patents

Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2843026Y
CN2843026Y CN 200520019130 CN200520019130U CN2843026Y CN 2843026 Y CN2843026 Y CN 2843026Y CN 200520019130 CN200520019130 CN 200520019130 CN 200520019130 U CN200520019130 U CN 200520019130U CN 2843026 Y CN2843026 Y CN 2843026Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
pipe
rotary
double
seed manure
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200520019130
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张晋国
薛世川
马峙英
张小丽
姜海勇
赵丽
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Agricultural University filed Critical Hebei Agricultural University
Priority to CN 200520019130 priority Critical patent/CN2843026Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2843026Y publication Critical patent/CN2843026Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a double-layer fertilization rotary-tillage seeder in order to apply fertilizer to a deep and a shallow layers of soil when the double-layer fertilization rotary-tillage seeder seeds. The double-layer fertilization rotary-tillage seeder which seeds at the time of rotary tillage and soil preparation simultaneously layers the fertilizer and applies the layered fertilizer into soil layers of specific depths. The utility model is composed of a rotary tilling device, a suspension device, a colter, a pressing device, a seed pipe, a seed and fertilizer pipe, a bottom fertilizer pipe, etc., and completes multiple working procedures of rotary tillage, double-layer fertilizer application, seeding, press, etc.

Description

Bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower
Affiliated technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sower.
Background technology
Present existing wheat seeder carries out rotary tillage soil-working with rotovator mostly earlier prior to seeding, in sowing, execute seed manure then, can guarantee crops seedling stage growth to nutrient demand, but since crop nutrient demand is increased and then need topdress in the growth middle and later periods.When growth is topdressed to crop mid-term, China still adopts in most of areas the mode of shedding that chemical fertilizer is spread and the face of land, cause the chemical fertilizer volatilization to be run off, effective rate of utilization only about 30%, compare with developed country's chemical fertilizer average effective availability 60% in the world, exist very big gap, nutrient can not fully be absorbed by the root system of crop, causes a large amount of chemical fertilizer to be wasted; Topdressing also needs to drop into manpower and materials, has increased the grain-production cost.Up-to-date test shows if execute deep layer fertilizer in sowing can significantly increase grain yield, and saves topdressing operation; The utility model is with rotary tillage, and bi-layered fertilizing is sowed three process and integrated, and can effectively reduce the number of times that facility enter ground, improves the preserving soil moisture ability.Such integration of operation not only can realize the efficient low-consume of operation, and can promote and promote the enforcement of fertilizer deep placement technology effectively, is effective measures that realize agricultural produce and cost-saving synergistic.So design bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower meets the requirement of agronomy volume increase.
Summary of the invention
In order to execute the two-layer fertilizer of the depth in sowing, the utility model provides a kind of bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower.This sower is sowed in rotary tillage soil-working, simultaneously the chemical fertilizer layering is applied in the soil layer of certain depth.This utility model is made up of rotary cultivator attachment, suspension arrangement, plough, suppression device, kind pipe, seed manure pipe, bottom fertilizer pipe etc., and multiple working procedures such as rotary tillage, bi-layered fertilizing, sowing, suppression are finished in one-stop operation.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: in operation process, rotary ploughing cutter shaft provides the power driven rotary by tractor, the fertile device of deep placement is installed on the rear cross beam on the rotary cultivator attachment, deep ditching spade and bottom fertilizer pipe are linked in sequence by front and back, thereafter immediately following fertilizing and seeding apparatus, ditch with shovel type plough, shallow trench digging spade fixedly mounts on the square beam of frame, the trench digging spade comes front and back to be connected with the seed manure pipe by fixing card, by tunable arrangement the seed manure pipe is linked in sequence by front and back with planting pipe then, it is adjustable above seed manure pipe fertilizer outlet to plant pipe kind of the mouth that falls.15-25cm above the bottom fertilizer pipe fertilizer outlet is adjustable for seed manure pipe fertilizer outlet, and bottom fertilizer pipe is connected the intensity that has improved the trench digging spade with the front and back of trench digging spade.This sower buries darker because of bottom fertilizer pipe when seeding and fertilizing, guaranteeing that fertilizer is not volatile, nutrient has also reached the effect of chiselling earth when can fully be absorbed by crop root, but because the fertile device of deep placement buries darker, so tractive resistance is big, therefore according to the requirement of traction power size and the required nutrient of wheat, can adopt the fertile device of the public deep placement of two row or triplex row.Because before deep placement fertilizer, carry out rotary tillage earlier, make that the soil horizon of 10-15cm is soft, also can reduce the suffered resistance of deep ditching spade, thereby reduce required drive.The fertile device of deep placement was both buried easily, and the resistance that is subjected in the process of advancing is less, the deep ditching shovel is selected narrow aerofoil profile furrower for use.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the same time-division bi-layered fertilizing in sowing can significantly reduce the loss and the waste of chemical fertilizer, and nutrient can fully absorb by crop root, helps the middle and later periods growth, makes the whole growth phase can not take off fertilizer, obvious effect of increasing production; Can realize that the seed manure location isolates, and avoids burning and plants; Improve work efficiency, reduce cost, reduce labor intensity; Fertilising evenly, accurately; Also can reduce the pollution of chemical fertilizer to environment.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Accompanying drawing is a front view of the present utility model.
6. kinds of pipes of 1. rotary cultivator attachments, 2. suspension arrangements, 3. deep ditching devices, 4. shallow plough 5. seed manure pipes, 7. suppression devices, 8. bottom fertilizer pipes among the figure
Embodiment
In the embodiment shown in the figures, rotary ploughing cutter shaft provides the power driven rotary by tractor, deep ditching device (3) is installed on the rear cross beam of rotary cultivator attachment (1), embedded depth is adjustable, deep ditching device (3) and bottom fertilizer pipe (8) are linked in sequence by front and back, thereafter immediately following seeding apparatus, this seeding apparatus uses shovel type plough trench digging, shallow plough (4) is fixed on the square beam of frame, seed manure pipe (5) is installed by fixing card and is connected on the shallow trench digging spade (4), seed manure pipe (5) is connected by the front and back fixed order by tunable arrangement with kind pipe (6), it is all adjustable to plant pipe (6) and seed manure pipe (5) embedded depth, kind of the mouth that falls of planting pipe (6) is adjustable between the 3-7cm of the fertilizer outlet top of seed manure pipe (5), during operation, and can be according to fertilizing amount size adjustment kind, fertile spacing is avoided burning and is planted.Base fertilizer applies underground 25-40cm place by bottom fertilizer pipe (8), soil natural returns soil, the fertilizer that flows out from seed manure pipe (5) drops on from the fertilizer top 15-25cm that bottom fertilizer pipe (8) flows out, and base fertilizer is made for thing middle and later periods growth needs, and seed manure is made for thing seedling growth needs.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower is made up of rotary cultivator attachment, suspension arrangement, plough, suppression device, kind pipe, seed manure pipe, bottom fertilizer pipe etc., and it is characterized in that: the bi-layered fertilizing device is installed on the rotary cultivator attachment rear, seeding apparatus the place ahead.
2, bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this sower fertilizing mechanism is made up of seed manure pipe and bottom fertilizer pipe two parts.
3, bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: seed manure pipe fertilizer outlet is adjustable between the 15-25cm above the bottom fertilizer pipe fertilizer outlet.
4, bi-layered fertilizing rotary tillage sower according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the seed manure pipe is at 15~20cm place, bottom fertilizer pipe rear.
CN 200520019130 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder Expired - Fee Related CN2843026Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520019130 CN2843026Y (en) 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520019130 CN2843026Y (en) 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2843026Y true CN2843026Y (en) 2006-12-06

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520019130 Expired - Fee Related CN2843026Y (en) 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2843026Y (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105443A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 潍坊盛瑞零部件有限公司 Deep fertilizer spraying deep ploughing machine
CN106717203A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of layer-by-layer fertilizing seeder
CN106817934A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-06-13 青岛橡胶谷知识产权有限公司 A kind of depth loosening device
CN107750494A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-06 北京农业信息技术研究中心 A kind of base manure layering application device and method
CN108207142A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-29 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Alkaline land soil improvement layer by layer manuring machine
CN108293397A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-20 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Alkaline land soil improvement liquid fertilizer charging arrangement
CN110036725A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-07-23 河北省农林科学院旱作农业研究所 Space and time optimization liquid manure high efficiency corn type of seeding and the seeder for this method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105443A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 潍坊盛瑞零部件有限公司 Deep fertilizer spraying deep ploughing machine
CN106817934A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-06-13 青岛橡胶谷知识产权有限公司 A kind of depth loosening device
CN106717203A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of layer-by-layer fertilizing seeder
CN107750494A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-06 北京农业信息技术研究中心 A kind of base manure layering application device and method
CN108207142A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-29 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Alkaline land soil improvement layer by layer manuring machine
CN108293397A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-20 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Alkaline land soil improvement liquid fertilizer charging arrangement
CN110036725A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-07-23 河北省农林科学院旱作农业研究所 Space and time optimization liquid manure high efficiency corn type of seeding and the seeder for this method

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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