CN207665436U - Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring - Google Patents

Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN207665436U
CN207665436U CN201721799085.XU CN201721799085U CN207665436U CN 207665436 U CN207665436 U CN 207665436U CN 201721799085 U CN201721799085 U CN 201721799085U CN 207665436 U CN207665436 U CN 207665436U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
fertilizer
sowing
combine
shallow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201721799085.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董文旭
张西群
胡春胜
陈素英
张玉铭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Original Assignee
Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd, Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS filed Critical Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Priority to CN201721799085.XU priority Critical patent/CN207665436U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207665436U publication Critical patent/CN207665436U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of site preparation subsoiling layers by layer manuring to broadcast sowing combine,Belong to agricultural machinery technology field,It include the rack for being connected and carrying depth-limiting mechanism with dragger by hanger bracket,Rotary tillage mechanism is disposed in rack from the front to the back,Fertilizing mechanism and sowing mechanism,Rotary tillage mechanism is the rotation direction that upper end moves backward,It is disposed with breast boards and casing mechanism between the rotary tillage mechanism and sowing mechanism,Breast boards shunts the soil that rotary tillage mechanism is thrown away backward,It respectively falls in above shallow-layer fertilizer and on casing mechanism,Casing mechanism is chain-drive mechanism or tape handler,Soil is delivered to above sowing mechanism output end by casing mechanism,Realize that fertilising is accurately controlled with earthing after planting,Fertilizing mechanism includes the fertilizer box being fixedly connected with rack and deep soil loosing shovel and the shallow-layer fertilizer pipe being connected with fertilizer box and deep layer fertilizer pipe,It applies fertilizer in different soils depth respectively,The working rig integrates multi-functional,Significantly improve operation effectiveness.

Description

Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technology field, and in particular to integration of operation is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring Machine.
Background technology
Combine in agricultural machinery generally comprises the basic functions such as rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing and suppression, however, Existing combine can not realize shallow-layer, deep layer well once while apply fertilizer, and shallow-layer and deep layer are once applied fertilizer energy simultaneously Operating efficiency is enough improved, there is also the Working mechanisms of layer by layer manuring in the prior art, but it is applied to meeting in combine There is problems with:1) easily there is shallow-layer fertilizer earthing amount deficiency after shallow-layer fertilising or even exposed situation, fertilizer cannot get profit With can also destroy soil property;2) depth of planting, and seed and shallow-layer fertilizer is also not achieved in the kind grain sowed in follow-up seeding process Be in direct contact can also have damage to kind of a grain, and exposed seed viability will reduce, and ultimately cause underproduction situation.To sum up institute It states, in view of the above-mentioned problems, this field needs to be improved combine.
Utility model content
The utility model overcomes the shortcomings that prior art, provides a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring and broadcasts sowing integration of operation Machine, the working rig can be effectively improved by mechanisms such as crushing, rotary tillage, layer by layer manuring, earthing, sowing and suppressions into row set Shallow-layer fertilizer, sowed grain earthing problem after layer by layer manuring, significantly improve survival rate.
The specific technical solution of the utility model is:
Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring, which includes being connected with dragger by hanger bracket And the rack of depth-limiting mechanism is carried, it is disposed with rotary tillage mechanism, fertilizing mechanism and seeder from the front to the back in the rack Structure, key point be, the rotary tillage mechanism is the rotation direction that upper end moves backward, the rotary tillage mechanism and sowing mechanism it Between be disposed with breast boards and casing mechanism, breast boards is located at the rear of fertilizing mechanism, and casing mechanism is that end extends to and broadcasts Chain-drive mechanism or tape handler above kind of mechanism output end, chain-drive mechanism, tape handler rotary body on be arranged There is uniformly distributed load soil plate.
The breast boards is the oblique form that the front is high and the back is low, and the upper end is provided with rotation adjustable plate.
The fertilizing mechanism includes fertilizer box, it is shallow to be connected positioned at the Geneva mechanism of fertilizer box bottom and with fertilizer box output end Layer fertilizer pipe and deep layer fertilizer pipe, further include the deep soil loosing shovel of rack lower end, and the end of shallow-layer fertilizer pipe and deep layer fertilizer pipe is both secured to subsoiling The working depth of shovel rear side, deep soil loosing shovel is 30-50cm, and the bottom output end working depth of shallow-layer fertilizer pipe is 4-8cm, deep layer fertilizer pipe Bottom output end working depth be 20-30cm.
The sowing mechanism includes plants case and the feed mechanism and seed spout that are connected in turn below plants case, seed spout Output end position be provided with dissipate kind of device, dissipate kind of device be outer end be gradually widened dissipate kind of channel, dissipate kind of channel end set It is equipped with one group of uniformly distributed gear kind column.
The depth-limiting mechanism is the pack roller for being set to casing mechanism rear end.
The rotary tillage mechanism front end is provided with disintegrating mechanism.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:The utility model is by functions such as crushing, rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing and suppressions It is concentrated on a combine, the friable soil state preferably carried out, layer by layer manuring is provided for layer by layer manuring by rotary tillage The sowing row soil formed afterwards measures less situation to be improved by breast boards and casing mechanism, the soil that breast boards spins up rotary tillage mechanism Earth is separately directed to above shallow-layer fertilizer and on casing mechanism, and casing mechanism scatters the soil obtained conveying to sowing mechanism Above output end, to ensure that shallow-layer fertilizer earthing and after planting plant the precise manipulation of grain earthing, it is naked to avoid shallow-layer fertilizer Dew waste and the relatively low situation of survival rate caused by after planting seed is exposed, overburden layer is relatively thin, the joint in the utility model Working rig can realize multi-functional machine, and one action can realize the crushed work from first crop toothing to next stubble after planting Suppress work, be not necessarily to additional operation, save equipment cost, labor cost that multiple equipment operated into field successively and Time cost improves Agricultural Mechanization Degree, and improves the fertilizer under layer by layer manuring state, sowing earthing problem, pole Improve sowing survival rate greatly.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for dissipating kind of channel.
In attached drawing, 1, hanger bracket, 2, rack, 3, breast boards, 301, rotation adjustable plate, 4, casing mechanism, 401, carry native plate, 5, fertilizer box, 501, shallow-layer fertilizer pipe, 502, deep layer fertilizer pipe, 6, plants case, 601, seed spout, 7, dissipate kind of channel, 701, a gear kind column, 8, town Pressure roller, 9, deep soil loosing shovel, 10, rotary tillage mechanism, 11, disintegrating mechanism.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is related to a kind of site preparation subsoiling layers by layer manuring to broadcast sowing combine, which includes by suspension Frame 1 is connected with dragger and the rack 2 with depth-limiting mechanism, be disposed with from the front to the back in the rack 2 rotary tillage mechanism 10, Fertilizing mechanism and sowing mechanism, the rotary tillage mechanism 10 are the rotation direction that upper end moves backward, the rotary tillage mechanism Breast boards 3 and casing mechanism 4 are disposed between 10 and sowing mechanism, breast boards 3 is located at the rear of fertilizing mechanism, drag links Structure 4 is that end extends to chain-drive mechanism or tape handler above sowing mechanism output end, chain-drive mechanism, V belt translation machine Uniformly distributed load soil plate 401 is provided on the rotary body of structure.
Specific embodiment, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, after first crop crop harvests, which, which enters in ground, carries out lower stubble work The working rig is connected to dragger rear end by hanger bracket 1, is equipped with gearbox in the rack 2 of working rig, leads by the plantation of object Draw the power output end of machine by gearbox the output torque in rack 2, to provide power source to each mechanism.
10 front end of rotary tillage mechanism is provided with disintegrating mechanism 11, disintegrating mechanism 11 first crop crop is harvested after stalk, toothing It crushes, subsequent spreading can either reduce soil moisture drain evaporation in ground, can also increase the suction of soil after rainfall Water, after then passing through rotary tillage, the stalk of crushing, which is mixed into soil, can improve soil quality, and nutrient is provided for kind of a grain, crush With rotary tillage more loose good soil environment is provided for sowing;
Since the Root Distribution depth of plant growth initial stage and Later growth is different, and required fertilizer nutrient is not yet Together, can better meet the growth demand of crop different times using the method for layer by layer manuring, fertilizing mechanism include fertilizer box 5, Geneva mechanism positioned at 5 bottom of fertilizer box and the shallow-layer fertilizer pipe 501 and deep layer fertilizer pipe 502 that are connected with 5 output end of fertilizer box further include The end of the deep soil loosing shovel 9 of 2 lower end of rack, shallow-layer fertilizer pipe 501 and deep layer fertilizer pipe 502 is both secured to 9 rear side of deep soil loosing shovel, deep soil loosing shovel 9 Working depth be 40cm, the bottom output end working depth of shallow-layer fertilizer pipe 501 is 6cm, the bottom output end of deep layer fertilizer pipe 502 Working depth is 25cm, and fertilizer box 5 includes the shallow-layer fertilizer box being connected with shallow-layer fertilizer pipe 501 and the depth that is connected with deep layer fertilizer pipe 502 Layer fertilizer box, shallow-layer fertilizer box and deep layer fertilizer box are respectively provided with the fertilizer type needed for early growth period and Later growth, and 5 bottom of fertilizer box is set Geneva mechanism is set, Geneva mechanism is conveyed downwards the fertilizer of 5 bottom output end of fertilizer box;
When layer by layer manuring, since deep soil loosing shovel 9, deep layer fertilizer pipe 502 and shallow-layer fertilizer 501 volumes of pipe are larger, generated after fertilising Gully it is more apparent, and apply fertilizer after shallow-layer fertilizer whether there is or not soil cover the phenomenon that, fertilizer is unable to get utilization on surface layer, no It only causes to waste, and Residual Fertilizer can damage soil quality, the breast boards 3 between fertilizing mechanism and sowing mechanism is by rotary cultivator The soil that structure is spun up is divided and is directed to respectively on the surface and casing mechanism 4 of shallow-layer fertilizer, and casing mechanism 4 uses V belt translation machine Structure, the belt surface on tape handler are vertically installed with the load soil plate 401 that can carry soil, and soil can be made by carrying native plate 401 With belt synchronizing moving, to realize the accurate earthing above sowing mechanism output end kind grain, the soil and sowing mechanism of output Sowed grain mixes during sowing, and then falls above shallow-layer fertilizer, kind of a grain can either be avoided directly to connect with fertilizer Fertilizer scaling loss caused by touching, and kind of grain after planting exposed can be avoided, the survival rate for planting grain significantly improves;
In order to be adjusted between different earthing amounts, breast boards 3 is the oblique form that the front is high and the back is low, the upper end It is provided with rotation adjustable plate 301, when needing to branch to more soil on casing mechanism, the rotation adjustable plate 301 It swings forward, when needing to reduce the soil on casing mechanism 4, rotates 301 swing backward of adjustable plate;Meanwhile in order to avoid more The soil for crossing breast boards 3 does not fall within situation on casing mechanism 4, is provided in the lower end of breast boards 3 and extends to sowing mechanism Drainage plate above output end, the soil not fallen on casing mechanism 4 are made along the drainage of 3 rear side inclined-plane of breast boards and drainage plate With flowing to above sowing mechanism output end;
Sowing mechanism includes plants case 6 and the feed mechanism and seed spout 601 for being connected to 6 lower section of plants case in turn, seed spout 601 output end position, which is provided with, dissipates kind of device, and it is scattered kind of the channel 7 that outer end is gradually widened to dissipate kind of device, dissipates the end in kind of channel 7 End is provided with one group of uniformly distributed gear kind column 701, and the kind grain in plants case 6 enters seed spout 601 after feed mechanism, then scattered kind Gear kind column 701 in channel, which to kind of grain hit, to be broken up, and kind grain forms required sowing line width after dissipating scattered kind of kind of channel 7 Degree.
Depth-limiting mechanism is the pack roller 8 for being set to casing mechanism rear end, by the suppression operation of pack roller 8, after planting Soil is closely knit, helps to preserve soil moisture, while the pack roller 8 can also play the role of limit deeply, without additional installation gauge wheel, is being detached from Behind sowing area, rack 2 is risen to be detached from ground by hanger bracket 1, dragger carries the working rig and flexibly moves.
The utility model realizes the shunting that rotary tillage mechanism 10 spins up soil by breast boards 3, and casing mechanism is then realized Soil is accurately covered on sowed grain, is improved shallow-layer fertilizer and is planted the earthing amount problem on grain surface, while playing leveling The effect in soil, the working rig is by crushing, rotary tillage, fertilising, earthing and sows into row set, saves considerably operating cost, It improves utilization rate of fertilizer and plants the survival rate of grain, significantly improve the operation effectiveness of working rig.

Claims (7)

1. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring, which includes by hanger bracket (1) and dragger phase Connect and carry the rack (2) of depth-limiting mechanism, rotary tillage mechanism (10), fertilizer applicator are disposed with from the front to the back on the rack (2) Structure and sowing mechanism, it is characterised in that:The rotary tillage mechanism (10) is the rotation direction that upper end moves backward, the rotation It ploughs mechanism (10) and is disposed with breast boards (3) and casing mechanism (4) between sowing mechanism, breast boards (3) is located at fertilizer applicator The rear of structure, casing mechanism (4) are that end extends to chain-drive mechanism or tape handler above sowing mechanism output end, chain Transmission mechanism, tape handler rotary body on be provided with uniformly distributed load soil plate (401).
2. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Breast boards (3) is the oblique form that the front is high and the back is low, and the upper end is provided with rotation adjustable plate (301).
3. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Fertilizing mechanism includes fertilizer box (5), the shallow-layer for being located at the Geneva mechanism of fertilizer box (5) bottom and being connected with fertilizer box (5) output end fertilizer (501) and deep layer fertilizer pipe (502) are managed, further includes the deep soil loosing shovel (9) of rack (2) lower end, shallow-layer fertilizer pipe (501) and deep layer fertilizer pipe (502) end is both secured on rear side of deep soil loosing shovel (9), and the working depth of deep soil loosing shovel (9) is 30-50cm, shallow-layer fertilizer pipe (501) Bottom output end working depth is 4-8cm, and the bottom output end working depth of deep layer fertilizer pipe (502) is 20-30cm.
4. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described Fertilizer box (5) includes the shallow-layer fertilizer box being connected with shallow-layer fertilizer pipe (501) and the deep layer fertilizer box that is connected with deep layer fertilizer pipe (502).
5. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Sowing mechanism includes plants case (6) and the feed mechanism being connected in turn below plants case (6) and seed spout (601), seed spout (601) output end position, which is provided with, dissipates kind of device, and it is scattered kind of channel (7) that outer end is gradually widened to dissipate kind of device, dissipates kind of channel (7) end is provided with one group of uniformly distributed gear kind column (701).
6. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Depth-limiting mechanism is the pack roller (8) for being set to sowing mechanism rear end.
7. combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Rotary tillage mechanism (10) front end is provided with disintegrating mechanism (11).
CN201721799085.XU 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring Active CN207665436U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721799085.XU CN207665436U (en) 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721799085.XU CN207665436U (en) 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207665436U true CN207665436U (en) 2018-07-31

Family

ID=62970339

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721799085.XU Active CN207665436U (en) 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207665436U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109362262A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-02-22 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of wheat solid is even to broadcast machine
CN110402645A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-11-05 山东农业大学 A kind of gas helps formula layered deep placement fertilizer machine and application method
CN111034404A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-21 重庆市冠腾机械有限公司 Multifunctional micro-tillage machine
CN112400388A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane deep scarification soil-breaking ditching fertilization film-covering single-bud planter
CN113068468A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-07-06 益阳富佳科技有限公司 Automatic precision feeding mechanism of lime putting machine
CN113141798A (en) * 2021-04-20 2021-07-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Intelligent deep-loosening layered component fertilization operation machine
CN113545193A (en) * 2021-08-05 2021-10-26 河北工程大学 Method and device for layering and ectopic application of straws with different degrees of breakage and maturity into saline-alkali soil

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109362262A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-02-22 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of wheat solid is even to broadcast machine
CN110402645A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-11-05 山东农业大学 A kind of gas helps formula layered deep placement fertilizer machine and application method
CN111034404A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-21 重庆市冠腾机械有限公司 Multifunctional micro-tillage machine
CN112400388A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane deep scarification soil-breaking ditching fertilization film-covering single-bud planter
CN113068468A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-07-06 益阳富佳科技有限公司 Automatic precision feeding mechanism of lime putting machine
CN113141798A (en) * 2021-04-20 2021-07-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Intelligent deep-loosening layered component fertilization operation machine
CN113545193A (en) * 2021-08-05 2021-10-26 河北工程大学 Method and device for layering and ectopic application of straws with different degrees of breakage and maturity into saline-alkali soil
CN113545193B (en) * 2021-08-05 2022-05-24 河北工程大学 Method and device for layering and ectopic application of straws with different degrees of breakage and maturity into saline-alkali soil

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN207665436U (en) Combine is broadcasted sowing in a kind of site preparation subsoiling layer by layer manuring
CN101401500B (en) Rotary tillage broadcast sowing combined drill for wheat
CN103340037B (en) Ultra-narrow row rotary tillage ferti integral type improving yield of wheat sower
CN106612668B (en) Wheat and corn dual-purpose deep-loosening soil preparation seeder and using method thereof
CN104521355B (en) Deep scarification, rotary tillage and layered fertilization zoning seed broadcaster for wheat
CN102687611A (en) Wheat rotary tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN105210618B (en) A kind of rice stays no-tillage broadcasting method of high stubble wheat
CN105557102A (en) Broad-seedling-width precision sowing machine with functions of double rotary tillage and proportional layering fertilization
CN105379460B (en) A kind of improving straw mulching bedder- planter machine
CN203661545U (en) Wheat no-tillage planter suitable for full straw mulched ground operation
CN106817937A (en) A kind of antiwind no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine of Wheat After Getting Rice for paddy field
CN104584824B (en) A kind of wheat etc. broadcasts sowing and planted inferior deep broadcast application method deeply
CN201315738Y (en) Wheat rototilling and broadcasting combined drill
CN204498600U (en) A kind of platform-type farming seeding and fertilizing apparatus for work
CN2843026Y (en) Double-layer fertilizing rotary-cultivating seeder
CN106385814A (en) Fagopyrum tataricum no-tillage planter
CN204762054U (en) Fertilize and spread membrane seeder in deep layer of dark pine
CN205105565U (en) Automatic system seeder
CN207135462U (en) A kind of wheat narrow row line ploughs seeder
CN201051772Y (en) Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine
CN202663752U (en) Wheat rotary tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN202354056U (en) Belt type relay intercropping wheat no-tillage sowing and fertilizing machine with smooth seed and fertilizer discharge in hills and dry lands
CN104472085A (en) Single-row sugarcane planting machine with independent gutter-plough
CN201479558U (en) Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding
CN205142810U (en) Straw covers ridging seeder

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant