CN201479558U - Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding - Google Patents

Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201479558U
CN201479558U CN2009200921561U CN200920092156U CN201479558U CN 201479558 U CN201479558 U CN 201479558U CN 2009200921561 U CN2009200921561 U CN 2009200921561U CN 200920092156 U CN200920092156 U CN 200920092156U CN 201479558 U CN201479558 U CN 201479558U
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China
Prior art keywords
seeding
fertilizer
rotary tillage
thick stick
fertilising
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009200921561U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王修群
马骏
汪延忠
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding. The multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding is primarily characterized in that: the top of a rotary cultivator is provided with fertilizing and seeding hoppers through left and right brackets; a plurality of fertilizing apparatus and seeding apparatus are arrayed on the bottom of the rotary cultivator respectively; the front part of the rotary cultivator is provided with two sets of back-up roll components; the tail parts of the bearings are provided with furrowers and press rolls; the fertilizing apparatus and seeding apparatus are connected with the press rolls through chain drive components; and the left and right sides of the bearings are provided with regulating mechanisms for adjusting seeding and fertilizing height. The machine can realize rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding at one time, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved; the land is smoothly ploughed and the fertilizing and seeding depth and distance can be rationally adjusted, so that fertilizer waste and the phenomena that seeds are rotted because of too much fertilizer are avoided. The multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding has the advantages of rational structure design, reliable usability, convenience, practicability and the like.

Description

The rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the agricultural tool technical field, is a kind of rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine.
Background technology
In technique known, its function singleness of the farm machinery that are generally used for sowing, when carrying out crop seeding, need to carry out the loose and smooth of soil with rotovator earlier, and then overlap to have with two cover machineries or with one and apply fertilizer and the machinery of sowing function applies fertilizer respectively and sows.Not only power consumption is many to carry out seeding operation with these machineries, and operating efficiency is low, and labour intensity is big, and the ferti-seeding quality can not get guaranteeing.In order to improve this situation, the technology that has is to install fertilizing and seeding apparatus on rotovator additional, but its defective one is the front portion that fertilizer apparatus is located at rotovator, rotary tillage is then carried out in fertilising earlier again during operation, and it is extremely inhomogeneous to cause fertilizer to scatter, cause a part of fertilizer to be dispersed in more than the seeding layer, cause volatilization waste, and fertilizer and kind bank up the roots of seedlings are directly mixed contact, cause kind of a bank up the roots of seedlings " to burn ".The 2nd, seeding apparatus directly is connected on the back rest of rotovator, because the back rest adopts the thin-walled square tube structure more, vibrates when operation and jolts, and connecting portion damages easily.The 3rd, the degree of depth of fertilising, sowing can't be regulated, and can not adapt to the different requirements of various crop sowing depth.The 4th, rotary cultivator attachment is in operation process, and the rotary tillage degree of depth is by adjusting the location, and running into tractor has stagnation slightly because of skidding, and the rotation of rotary cultivator attachment original place then can occur and dig out a zanjon, influences operation quality.
The utility model content
It is more reasonable that the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of structure, and serviceability is reliable, collects rotary tillage, sows, topdresses one, and it is smooth to plough, fertilizer, seed execute that seed level is shallow, spacing is rationally adjustable, convenient and practical, the rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine that operating efficiency is high.
Technical solution adopted in the utility model is for achieving the above object: these facility have a rotovator that is connected with tractor by hitch frame, fertilising is equipped with by left and right sidesing supporting frame in top at rotovator, the sowing hopper, two hoppers are with the one case structure, the middle part is divided into fertilizer bin and seed cabin respectively by dividing plate, bottom at fertilizer bin and seed cabin, arrange respectively and be laid with a plurality of fertilizer apparatuss and seeding unit and connected defertilizing tube and discharging tube, two cover Support roller assemblies are equipped with in the front portion of rotovator, the afterbody of bracing frame is equipped with seed opener and pack roller, the power taking end of fertilizer apparatus and seeding unit is connected with pack roller by the chain drive part, and being provided with in the left and right sides of bracing frame can be to seeding, the governor motion that the fertilizer high and low position carries out adjusted in concert or regulates respectively.
Described Support roller assembly comprises backing roll, scraper plate and is connected support that wherein, an end that connects support is connected with rotovator, the other end is connected with backing roll, connect support and be provided with the adjusting round that is used to regulate the backing roll height, scraper plate is packed in and connects on the support, and matches with backing roll.
Described governor motion comprises that thick stick is regulated in fertilising and thick stick is regulated in sowing, fertilising is regulated thick stick and is connected with defertilizing tube, the defertilizing tube lower end is provided with the fertilising ditching share, the bottom that thick stick is regulated in sowing is connected with discharging tube with seed opener, and fertilising adjusting thick stick all is equipped with the adjusting screw(rod) that is connected with left and right sidesing supporting frame with the two ends that thick stick is regulated in sowing.
Described seed opener adopts the rotating disc type plough.
Rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine according to the such scheme making, collection rotary tillage, fertilising, seeding operation function and one, can realize that rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing once finish, operating efficiency is improved greatly, and it is smooth to plough, fertilizer, seed execute that seed level is shallow, spacing is rationally adjustable, thereby avoid fertilizer waste and " burn kind " phenomenon.Compared with prior art, this machine reasonable in design, serviceability is reliable, and is convenient and practical, has advantages such as farming seeding operation efficient height, energy consumption are little, long service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine of the present utility model has a rotovator that is connected with tractor by hitch frame 1, and obtains power by gearbox and shaft joint by the clutch end of tractor, drives rotary cultivator attachment 9 rotations.Ferti-seeding hopper 2 is equipped with by bracing frame 3 in top at rotovator, and this hopper is a case structure, and middle part will be separated into fertilizer bin 13 and seed cabin 14 by dividing plate 20 in it before and after the hopper.In the bottom of fertilizer bin 13 and seed cabin 14, arranged in co-axial alignment is laid with a plurality of fertilizer apparatuss 15 and seeding unit 16 respectively.Be connected with the governor motion that can carry out adjusted in concert or regulate respectively seeding, fertilizer high and low position in the left and right sides at bracing frame 3 rear portions.Governor motion comprises that thick stick 19 is regulated in fertilising and thick stick 18 is regulated in sowing, and the bottom that thick stick 19 is regulated in fertilising is arranged and is connected with the defertilizing tube 8 corresponding with fertilizer apparatus 15, and the upper end of defertilizing tube 8 is communicated with the blanking port of fertilizer apparatus 15 by the fertilizer carrier pipe respectively.The lower end of defertilizing tube 8 is provided with fertilising ditching share 8-1, and the upper end is connected with the fertilizer carrier pipe, fertilizer can be sprinkling upon below the soil layer, can save fertilizer, can give full play to the effect of fertilizer again.Sowing is regulated thick stick 18 and is positioned at the rear portion that thick stick 19 is regulated in fertilising, its underpart arrange be connected with corresponding with seeding unit 16, and the rotating disc type seed opener 7 that is misplaced with defertilizing tube 8, the trench digging that is used to sow.Thus, fertilizer and seed are executed respectively and are broadcast in two alternate ditches, can stop on the one hand to burn phenomenon because of the seed that fertilizer and seed mixed seeding cause, and can prevent that on the other hand fertilizer from executing that seed level is shallow to differ, even are exposed to the ground volatilization and lost efficacy.Seed opener 7 is regulated thick stick 18 by connecting elements and sowing respectively and is connected, and is made of two tilting rotating disks, and the middle part of two rotating disks is provided with discharging tube 17.Defertilizing tube 8 and seed opener 7 and discharging tube 17 quantity and mutual distance thereof be set, can be provided with and adjust according to the width of sowing line-spacing.Fertilising adjusting thick stick 19 all is equipped with the adjusting screw(rod) 4 that is connected with bracing frame 3 with the two ends of sowing adjusting thick stick 18, is used for regulating respectively the height of fertilising ditching share 8-1 and seed opener 7, executes the depth of broadcasting to determine fertilizer and kind bank up the roots of seedlings.Also fertilising can be regulated thick stick 19 and make integrative-structure with sowing adjusting thick stick 18, two ends are provided with a pair of adjusting screw(rod), realize fertilising ditching share 8-1 and seed opener 7 synchronous adjustment just.At the front part sides position of rotovator two cover Support roller assemblies are housed, can prevent effectively that tractor from sinking because of rotary cultivator attachment appears in tyre slip in advancing, and causes plough uneven, the deep mixed phenomenon of ferti-seeding.Support roller assembly is by backing roll 11, scraper plate 10 and be connected support 12 and form, and wherein, an end that connects support 12 is connected with rotovator, and the other end is connected with backing roll 11, and connection support 12 is provided with and is used to regulate backing roll 11 adjusting round 12-1 highly.In order to remove at any time attached to weeds on the backing roll 11 and earth, avoid the fluctuation of bearing height, on connection support 12, be fixed with the scraper plate 10 that matches with backing roll 11.The afterbody of bracing frame 3 is equipped with pack roller 6, is used for the smooth of fertilizer and earthing of planting bank up the roots of seedlings and soil.The roll shaft two ends of pack roller 6 are connected with seeding unit 16 with fertilizer apparatus 15 by chain drive part 5 respectively, in the process that multi-purpose machine is advanced, pack roller 6 rotates under the rubbing action in soil, and drives fertilizer apparatus 15 and seeding unit 16 rotates with same speed, guarantees the uniformity of ferti-seeding thus.By the setting of the anterior left and right sides of rotovator backing roll 11, and support with the pack roller 6 of afterbody and to match, make the operation under the free floating state of whole facility, thereby guaranteed the uniformity consistency of the smooth and ferti-seeding degree of depth of ploughing effectively.

Claims (4)

1. rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine, these facility have a rotovator that is connected with tractor by hitch frame, it is characterized in that: fertilising is equipped with by left and right sidesing supporting frame in the top at rotovator, the sowing hopper, two hoppers are with the one case structure, the middle part is divided into fertilizer bin and seed cabin respectively by dividing plate, bottom at fertilizer bin and seed cabin, arrange respectively and be laid with a plurality of fertilizer apparatuss and seeding unit and connected defertilizing tube and discharging tube, two cover Support roller assemblies are equipped with in the front portion of rotovator, the afterbody of bracing frame is equipped with seed opener and pack roller, the power taking end of fertilizer apparatus and seeding unit is connected with pack roller by the chain drive part, and being provided with in the left and right sides of bracing frame can be to seeding, the governor motion that the fertilizer high and low position carries out adjusted in concert or regulates respectively.
2. rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Support roller assembly comprises backing roll, scraper plate and is connected support, wherein, an end that connects support is connected with rotovator, the other end is connected with backing roll, connect support and be provided with the adjusting round that is used to regulate the backing roll height, scraper plate is packed in and connects on the support, and matches with backing roll.
3. rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described governor motion comprises that thick stick is regulated in fertilising and thick stick is regulated in sowing, fertilising is regulated thick stick and is connected with defertilizing tube, the defertilizing tube lower end is provided with the fertilising ditching share, the bottom that thick stick is regulated in sowing is connected with discharging tube with seed opener, and fertilising adjusting thick stick all is equipped with the adjusting screw(rod) that is connected with left and right sidesing supporting frame with the two ends that thick stick is regulated in sowing.
4. rotary tillage ferti-seeding multi-purpose machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described plough adopts the rotating disc type plough.
CN2009200921561U 2009-08-03 2009-08-03 Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding Expired - Fee Related CN201479558U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200921561U CN201479558U (en) 2009-08-03 2009-08-03 Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200921561U CN201479558U (en) 2009-08-03 2009-08-03 Multipurpose machine for rotary tillage, fertilization and seeding

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771214A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-14 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Sowing machine capable of rotary tillage and fertilization of grain seeds
CN104838746A (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-19 徐州润裕机械科技有限公司 Rotary tillage sowing and fertilization ditching multiple operation machine
CN106376401A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 湖南角山米业有限责任公司 Plastic film mulching machine used for planting of agricultural products
CN116724721A (en) * 2023-07-03 2023-09-12 安徽辰工农机科技有限公司 Adjustable rotary tillage seed manure all-in-one machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771214A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-14 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Sowing machine capable of rotary tillage and fertilization of grain seeds
CN104838746A (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-19 徐州润裕机械科技有限公司 Rotary tillage sowing and fertilization ditching multiple operation machine
CN106376401A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 湖南角山米业有限责任公司 Plastic film mulching machine used for planting of agricultural products
CN116724721A (en) * 2023-07-03 2023-09-12 安徽辰工农机科技有限公司 Adjustable rotary tillage seed manure all-in-one machine
CN116724721B (en) * 2023-07-03 2024-01-19 安徽辰工农机科技有限公司 Adjustable rotary tillage seed manure all-in-one machine

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20100526

Termination date: 20120803