CN111819930B - Sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator - Google Patents

Sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111819930B
CN111819930B CN202010609320.2A CN202010609320A CN111819930B CN 111819930 B CN111819930 B CN 111819930B CN 202010609320 A CN202010609320 A CN 202010609320A CN 111819930 B CN111819930 B CN 111819930B
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China
Prior art keywords
sugarcane
planting
rack
cutting
soil
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CN111819930A (en
Inventor
温泉河
范益
苏浩
朱大昌
陈永浩
张奕琪
叶明辉
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Guangzhou University
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Guangzhou University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • A01B49/065Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising the soil-working tools being actively driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C14/00Methods or apparatus for planting not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcane, which comprises a rack and a rotary frame, wherein the rack is provided with a walking mechanism; the rotary tillage device is arranged below the frame and is used for loosening and scattering the soil; the opening device is arranged below the rack and behind the rotary tillage device along the walking direction of the rack, and is used for shoveling part of scattered soil and forming grooves towards two sides; the cutting device is arranged on the rack and used for cutting the sugarcane into sugarcane seeds; the planting device is arranged on the rack, is positioned behind the running device along the running direction of the running mechanism and is used for placing the sugarcane seeds into the groove along a set sequence or direction. The rotary tillage device loosens the soil, the digging device plows the loosened soil out of the groove to prepare for seeding, the cutting device cuts the whole root of the sugarcane into sugarcane seeds with proper length, and each section of the sugarcane seeds is placed in the excavated groove by the planting device, so that the mechanical planting of the sugarcane is realized.

Description

Sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator
Technical Field
The invention relates to agricultural mechanical equipment, in particular to an integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcanes.
Background
Sugarcane is a temperate and tropical crop, is a raw material for manufacturing cane sugar, can be used for extracting ethanol as an energy substitute, contains abundant sugar and moisture, and also contains various vitamins, fat, protein, organic acid, calcium, iron and other substances which are very beneficial to the metabolism of a human body. China is one of the largest sugarcane producing countries, sugarcane planting is mostly finished manually in the early days, the production efficiency is low, and the sugarcane planting is developed towards mechanization along with the development of social economy and scientific technology.
Before the sugarcane is planted, the land needs to be deeply ploughed, so that loose and fertile soil conditions are provided for sugarcane seedlings, the requirement of root system growth is fully met, and the root system can better play a role in absorbing water and nutrients. The sugarcane can adopt sugarcane seedling planting and sugarcane kind planting, and at present, mechanized sugarcane is planted and is mostly adopted and cut kind of a formula planting in advance, namely cuts into a plurality of small sections with the sugarcane in advance, and every small section contains 1-2 buds, then plants the sugarcane kind section that has cut well again, when planting the sugarcane kind, will pay attention to keeping flat the sugarcane kind in earth. Although the existing sugarcane planting machine can realize operations such as mechanical plowing, ridging, fertilizing, soil covering and the like, the sugarcane is pre-cut manually and sugarcane seedlings are horizontally placed manually, the phenomenon of missed seeding or reseeding is easy to occur when the sugarcane is placed manually, and the seeding quantity is large, the labor intensity is large, and the efficiency is low when the sugarcane is planted regionally.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving at least one of the problems of the prior art. Therefore, the invention provides the sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator, which truly realizes the full automation of sugarcane planting, improves the production efficiency and reduces the labor intensity.
The sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator comprises a rack, wherein the rack is provided with a walking mechanism; the rotary tillage device is arranged below the rack, is positioned at the front end of the rack along the traveling direction of the rack, and is used for loosening and scattering the soil; the opening device is arranged below the rack and behind the rotary tillage device along the walking direction of the rack, and is used for shoveling part of scattered soil and forming grooves to two sides; the cutting device is arranged on the rack and used for cutting the sugarcane into sugarcane seeds; the planting device is arranged on the rack and behind the running device along the running direction of the rack, and is used for placing sugarcane seeds into the groove along a set sequence or direction.
The sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator provided by the embodiment of the invention at least has the following technical effects:
during operation, the soil is loosened and scattered through the rotary tillage device, then the plowed soil is plowed out of the grooves by the digging device to prepare for seeding, the whole sugarcane is cut into sugarcane seeds with proper length by the cutting device, the positions of the sugarcane buds are avoided in the cutting process, each sugarcane seed is placed in the groove according to a set direction or sequence by the planting device, and mechanical planting of the sugarcane is achieved. The sugarcane planting machine is compact in structure, simple in process, high in efficiency, high in economic benefit and wide in market prospect, and manpower is saved, and sugarcane planting processes can be completely realized.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the frame is provided with a water spraying device between the running device and the planting device along the frame running direction for spraying water into the groove.
According to some embodiments of the invention, a stirring device is provided on the frame and is located close to the water spraying device for stirring the slurry.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the rotary tilling device includes a first rotating shaft disposed on the frame and a plurality of rotary tilling blades distributed around a circumference of the first rotating shaft.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the running device comprises a support and a plurality of soil shoveling blades arranged at the bottom of the support, and the horizontal height of each soil shoveling blade is higher than the horizontal height corresponding to the lowest point of the motion path of the tail end of the rotary tillage blade.
According to some embodiments of the invention, a compacting device is arranged below the frame, and the compacting device is positioned at the rear end of the planting device along the walking direction of the frame and is used for compacting sugarcane seeds placed in the groove in the slurry.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the cutting device is provided with a storage mechanism arranged on the frame for storing the sugarcane to be cut.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the cutting device is provided with a clamping mechanism, a carrying mechanism and a cutting knife; the cutting knife is located hold in the palm the output of carrying the mechanism for the cutting sugarcane, hold in the palm and carry the mechanism and be used for holding in the palm the sugarcane of waiting to cut and can toward the sugarcane transports, fixture be used for with sugarcane among the storage mechanism shifts to on the support carries the mechanism.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the cutting device is provided with a detection mechanism for detecting the position of the sugar cane nodes and sugar cane buds.
According to some embodiments of the invention, a blanking mechanism is arranged below the cutting device and used for sending sugarcane seeds to the planting device.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is a first structural schematic view of the integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcane;
FIG. 2 is a second structural schematic diagram of the integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcane;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a third structure of the integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcane;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugarcane of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial schematic view of the planting device and cutting device;
FIG. 6 is a partial schematic view of the rotary tillage apparatus;
FIG. 7 is a partial schematic view of a running gear;
reference numerals:
a frame 101, rollers 102;
a rotary tillage device 110, a first rotating shaft 111, a cutterhead 112 and rotary tillage blades 113;
the driving device 120, the scraper knife 121 and the scraper knife holder 122;
the cutting device 130, the storage bin 131, the cutting bin 132, the carrying mechanism 133, the cutting knife 134, the discharge port 135, the chip removal hole 136, the clamping jaw 137 and the blanking bin 138;
the planting device 140, the pneumatic clamping jaw 141, the second rotating shaft 142 and the bearing sheet 143;
a water spray device 150, a water tank 151;
compacting device 160, leveling roller 161, support 162.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on the orientations and positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element so referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, the sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator according to the embodiment of the present invention includes:
a frame 101 provided with a traveling mechanism;
the rotary tillage device 110 is arranged below the frame 101 and is used for loosening and scattering the soil;
the opening device 120 is arranged below the rack 101 and behind the rotary tillage device 110 along the walking direction of the rack 101, and is used for shoveling part of scattered soil and forming grooves towards two sides;
the cutting device 130 is arranged on the rack 101 and used for cutting the sugarcane into sugarcane seeds;
the planting device 140 is arranged on the frame 101 and behind the running device 120 along the running direction of the running mechanism, and is used for placing the sugarcane seeds into the grooves in a set sequence.
The sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator adopting the structure sequentially comprises a rotary tillage device 110, an opening device 120, a cutting device 130 and a planting device 140 from front to back along the walking direction of a rack 101, during work, firstly, soil is loosened and scattered through the rotary tillage device 110, then, one or more grooves are ploughed out by the opening device 120 through the loosened soil, the cutting device 130 cuts the whole sugarcane into proper lengths to serve as sugarcane seeds, and finally, each section of sugarcane seeds are placed in the grooves along a set sequence through the planting device 140, so that the mechanical planting of the sugarcane is realized. The scheme has compact structure and simple process, can completely realize the sugarcane planting process and has good practical value.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the frame 101 is provided with a water spraying device 150 between the running device 120 and the planting device 140 along the traveling direction of the frame 101 for spraying water into the trench. The water spraying device 150 includes a water tank 151, and the water tank 151 is connected to a water outlet pipe, and the water outlet pipe is provided with a regulating valve (not shown in the figure) capable of controlling the water outlet speed.
In some embodiments of the present invention, a stirring device (not shown) is provided on the frame 101 and is positioned near the water spray device 150 for stirring the slurry. Agitating unit includes the vertical puddler that sets up in frame 101, and the end of puddler is equipped with a plurality of stirring vane, and the puddler rotates and drives stirring vane and stirs earth and water. The stirring device can ensure that the soil and the water are uniformly and fully mixed. It can be understood that water-soluble fertilizer can be placed in the water spray device 150 to improve soil nutrients.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the rotary tilling device 110 includes a first rotating shaft 111 disposed on the frame 101 and a plurality of rotary tilling blades 113 distributed around the circumference of the first rotating shaft 111.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the first rotating shaft 111 is provided with a plurality of cutter discs 112 at intervals in the axial direction, each cutter disc 112 is provided with four cross-shaped rotary tillage cutters 113 in right angle shape, and the bending directions of the blade tails of the adjacent rotary tillage cutters 113 on each cutter disc 112 are opposite. The arrangement of the right-angle bent knives enables the soil loosening efficiency to be higher, and a good soil environment is guaranteed when the sugarcane is planted. It will be appreciated that the rotary tilling implement 110 can also be arranged with reference to rotary tilling implements of the prior art, and the specific structure of the rotary tilling implement is well known and will not be described in detail herein.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the ripping device 120 includes a shovel blade carrier 122 and a plurality of shovel blades 121 disposed at the bottom of the shovel blade carrier 122, the horizontal height of the shovel blades 122 is higher than the horizontal height of the lowest point of the movement path of the rotary blades 113, so as to prevent the shovel blades 121 from shoveling all the soil in the trench, ensure that a certain amount of soil can form slurry with the water discharged by the water spraying device 150, keep the soil moist, facilitate the moisture and nutrient absorption of the sugarcane seeds, and ensure the rate of emergence. It will be appreciated that the operation device 120 may also be arranged with reference to operation devices of the prior art, the specific structure of which is common general knowledge and will not be described in detail here.
In some embodiments of the invention, a compacting device 160 is provided below the frame 101 at the rear end of the planting device 140 in the direction of travel of the frame 101 for compacting sugarcane seeds placed in the furrow in the slurry.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the compacting device 160 is provided with a leveling roller 161, both ends of the leveling roller 161 are provided with a bracket 162, one end of the bracket 162 is connected to the frame 101, and the leveling roller 161 presses the sugarcane seeds into the soil while leveling the soil as the frame 101 advances.
In some embodiments of the invention, the cutting device 130 is provided with a storage mechanism provided on the frame 101 for storing the sugarcane to be cut. As shown in fig. 5, the storage mechanism includes a storage bin 131. In the present embodiment, the storage bin 131 is provided in the shape of a funnel.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the cutting device 130 is provided with a clamping mechanism, a carrier mechanism 133, a cutting cartridge 132, and a cutting knife 134. The cutting bin 132 is arranged adjacent to the storage bin 131, the carrying mechanism 133 is arranged in the cutting bin 132, and the cutting knife 134 is positioned at the output end of the carrying mechanism 133 and used for cutting the sugarcane; the supporting and carrying mechanism 133 is used for supporting and carrying the sugarcane to be cut and conveying the sugarcane to the output end of the supporting and carrying mechanism 133 close to the cutting knife 134, and the clamping mechanism is used for transferring the sugarcane in the storage mechanism to the supporting and carrying mechanism 133. It can be understood that a gap is reserved between one end of the supporting mechanism 133 close to the cutting knife 134 and the inner wall of the cutting bin 132, and the cut sugarcane seeds enter the next process from the gap. In this embodiment, the clamping mechanism is two clamping jaws 137 respectively disposed at two ends of the storage bin 131, and the two clamping jaws 137 can respectively grab two ends of the sugarcane and send the sugarcane onto the carrying mechanism 133.
In some embodiments of the invention, the cutting device 130 is provided with a detection mechanism (not shown in the figures) for detecting the position of the sugar cane nodes and sugar cane buds.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the detection mechanism is a camera disposed on the carriage mechanism 133, and the camera detection identifies the sugarcane nodes and the sugarcane buds by using gray scale adjustment, edge detection and Radon transformation based on computer vision. The camera is located the position that is close to cutting knife 134, and the sugarcane is in holding in the palm and carrying the end motion towards being equipped with cutting knife 134 on mechanism 133, and when the camera detected sugarcane bud and sugarcane festival, cutting knife 134 can adjust the cutting position in order to avoid cutting into sugarcane festival and sugarcane bud.
In some embodiments of the present invention, a blanking mechanism is provided below the cutting device 130 for feeding the sugarcane seeds segment by segment to the planting device 140. In this embodiment, the blanking mechanism includes a blanking bin 138 disposed below the cutting bin 132, a discharge port 135 is disposed at the bottom of the blanking bin 138, and a push rod (not shown) is disposed in the blanking bin 138, so that the sugarcane seeds fall from the cutting bin 132 into the blanking bin 138, and the push rod can push the sugarcane seeds to the discharge port 135.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the bottom of the lower bin 138 is further provided with a plurality of chip removal holes 136, so that when chips are generated during sugar cane cutting, the chips can be removed through the chip removal holes 136, and the lower bin 138 can be cleaned conveniently after the work is completed.
In some embodiments of the present invention, planting device 140 is located below spout 135. In this embodiment, the planting device 140 is a pair of pneumatic jaws 141, and the pneumatic jaws 141 move synchronously to grip both ends of the seeds dropped from the discharge port 135 and place the seeds on the slurry horizontally.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the planting device 140 includes a second rotating shaft 142 disposed below the discharge port 135, the second rotating shaft 142 is provided with a plurality of bearing mechanisms uniformly and at intervals along the axial direction, each bearing mechanism can receive the sugarcane seeds dropping from the discharge port 135, and the sugarcane seeds can be placed on the ground as the second rotating shaft 142 rotates. In order to reduce the weight, each bearing mechanism includes a plurality of bearing sheets 143 arranged uniformly and at intervals, and the projections of the bearing sheets 143 of each bearing mechanism on the end surface of the second rotating shaft 142 are overlapped.
In some embodiments of the invention, each process of the sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator is controlled based on a robot operating system (ROS system), a visual operating panel (not shown in the figure) is further arranged on the machine tool, the visual operating panel is in communication connection with the ROS system, and an operator can sit on the sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator and control the proceeding of the planting process through the control of the visual operating panel.
The sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator according to the embodiment of the invention is described in detail in a specific embodiment with reference to fig. 1 to 7. It is to be understood that the following description is only exemplary, and not a specific limitation of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane in the present embodiment includes a frame 101, and the frame 101 is configured with a traveling mechanism that can be set by referring to the traveling on the agricultural machine in the prior art, such as a chassis, an engine, a gearbox, a traveling gear train, etc., which are not described in detail herein.
In the present embodiment, the rotary tilling device 110, the running device 120, the water spraying device 150, the stirring device, the planting device 140 and the compacting device 160 are sequentially arranged on the frame 101 from front to back along the traveling direction. The rotary tillage device 110 comprises a first rotating shaft 111 arranged on the frame 101, a plurality of cutter heads 112 are axially arranged on the first rotating shaft 111 at intervals, four cross-shaped right-angle rotary tillage cutters 113 are distributed on each cutter head 112, and the bending directions of the cutter tails of the adjacent rotary tillage cutters 113 on each cutter head 112 are opposite. The running device 120 comprises a soil shoveling tool rest 122 and a plurality of soil shoveling blades 121 arranged at the bottom of the soil shoveling tool rest 122, wherein the horizontal height of the soil shoveling blades 122 is higher than the horizontal height of the lowest point of the motion path of the rotary blade 113. The rack 101 is also provided with a cutting device 130, and the cutting device 130 comprises a material storage mechanism, a clamping mechanism, a carrying mechanism 133, a cutting bin 132, a cutting knife 134 and a detection mechanism; the storage mechanism comprises a storage bin 131 arranged on the machine frame 101, a cutting bin 132 is arranged adjacent to the storage bin 131, a clamping mechanism is arranged close to the storage mechanism, a supporting mechanism 133 is arranged in the cutting bin 132, and a cutting knife 134 is arranged at the output end of the supporting mechanism 133. In this embodiment, the clamping mechanism is two clamping jaws 137 respectively provided at two ends of the storage bin 131, and the detection mechanism is a camera capable of detecting sugarcane buds and sugarcane knots on the sugarcane. A discharging bin 138 is arranged below the cutting bin 132, and a discharging port 135 is arranged at the bottom of the discharging bin 138. The planting device 140 is disposed near the discharge opening 135, and in the present embodiment, the planting device 140 is a pair of pneumatic clamping jaws 141, and the two pneumatic clamping jaws 141 move synchronously.
The land is loosened and scattered by the rotary tillage device 110, then the scarified soil is plowed into one or more grooves by the digging device 120, the whole sugarcane is cut into proper lengths by the cutting device 130 to be used as sugarcane seeds, and finally, each sugarcane seed is placed into the groove in a set sequence by the planting device 140.
In operation, the rotary tillage device 110 breaks up and loosens the soil, the digging device 120 plows the soil into furrows, the water spraying device 150 sprays water into the furrows, and the stirring device stirs the soil and water into slurry. On two clamping jaws seized the both ends of sugarcane respectively and sent to holding in the palm and carry mechanism 133, behind the position of camera discernment sugarcane bud and sugarcane festival, cutting knife 134 adjustment cutting position was in order to avoid cutting sugarcane festival and sugarcane bud, and cutting knife 134 carries out the dissection back to the sugarcane, and pneumatic clamping jaw 141 snatchs the sugarcane kind and places the mud along setting for order or position, and compaction device 160 carries out the compaction to the sugarcane kind at last. The sugarcane planting machine is compact in structure, simple in process, labor-saving, high in efficiency, capable of completely realizing sugarcane planting process and good in practical value.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an illustrative embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples" or the like mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a sugarcane is planted integration rotary cultivator which characterized in that includes:
a frame configured with a traveling mechanism;
the rotary tillage device is arranged below the rack and is used for loosening and scattering the soil;
the opening device is arranged below the rack and behind the rotary tillage device along the walking direction of the rack, and is used for shoveling part of scattered soil and forming grooves to two sides;
the cutting device is arranged on the rack and used for cutting the sugarcane into sugarcane seeds;
the planting device is arranged on the rack, is positioned behind the running device along the running direction of the rack, and is used for placing sugarcane seeds into the groove along a set sequence or direction;
the blanking mechanism is arranged below the cutting device and used for conveying sugarcane seeds to the planting device;
the sugarcane planting device comprises a discharging hole, a planting device and a discharging mechanism, wherein the bottom of the discharging hole is provided with the discharging hole, the planting device comprises a second rotating shaft arranged below the discharging hole, the second rotating shaft is uniformly provided with a plurality of bearing mechanisms at intervals along the axial direction, each bearing mechanism comprises a plurality of bearing sheets which are uniformly arranged at intervals, the projections of the bearing sheets of the bearing mechanisms on the end face of the second rotating shaft are overlapped, the bearing mechanisms are used for bearing sugarcane seeds falling from the discharging mechanism, and the sugarcane seeds are placed on the ground in the rotating process of the second rotating shaft;
the planting device also comprises a pair of pneumatic clamping jaws arranged on the second rotating shaft, and the two pneumatic clamping jaws can respectively grab two ends of the cut sugarcane seeds and place the sugarcane seeds on the ground.
2. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 1, wherein: and a water spraying device is arranged between the running device and the planting device along the running direction of the rack and is used for spraying water into the groove.
3. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 2, wherein: and the stirring device is arranged on the rack, and the position of the stirring device is close to the water spraying device and is used for stirring slurry.
4. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 1, wherein: the rotary tillage device comprises a first rotating shaft arranged on the rack and a plurality of rotary tillage blades distributed on the circumferential direction of the first rotating shaft.
5. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 4, wherein: the running device comprises a support and a plurality of soil shoveling blades arranged at the bottom of the support, and the horizontal height of each soil shoveling blade is higher than the horizontal height corresponding to the lowest point of the motion path at the tail end of each rotary tillage blade.
6. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 1, wherein: and a compaction device is arranged below the rack, is positioned at the rear end of the planting device along the traveling direction of the rack and is used for compacting the sugarcane seeds placed in the groove in slurry.
7. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 1, wherein: the cutting device is provided with a storage mechanism, and the storage mechanism is arranged on the rack and used for storing the sugarcane to be cut.
8. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 7, wherein: the cutting device is provided with a clamping mechanism, a carrying mechanism and a cutting knife; the cutting knife is located hold in the palm the output that carries the mechanism for the cutting sugarcane, hold in the palm and carry the mechanism and be used for holding in the palm the sugarcane that waits to cut and can with the sugarcane toward the output transports, fixture is used for with the sugarcane in the storage mechanism shifts to hold in the palm and carry on the mechanism.
9. The integrated rotary cultivator for planting sugar cane according to claim 1, wherein: the cutting device is provided with a detection mechanism for detecting the positions of the sugarcane nodes and the sugarcane buds.
CN202010609320.2A 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 Sugarcane planting integrated rotary cultivator Active CN111819930B (en)

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CN111819930B true CN111819930B (en) 2022-09-16

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