CN104541630A - Layered deep fertilization and equal-depth fertilizer spreading machine - Google Patents

Layered deep fertilization and equal-depth fertilizer spreading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541630A
CN104541630A CN201510006427.7A CN201510006427A CN104541630A CN 104541630 A CN104541630 A CN 104541630A CN 201510006427 A CN201510006427 A CN 201510006427A CN 104541630 A CN104541630 A CN 104541630A
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China
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fertilizer
broadcast application
fertile
rotary
rotary tillage
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CN201510006427.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高清海
温长文
王进朝
贾建明
吴海岩
陈林
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HEBEI MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURE INST CO Ltd
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HEBEI MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURE INST CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201510006427.7A priority Critical patent/CN104541630A/en
Publication of CN104541630A publication Critical patent/CN104541630A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a layered deep fertilization and equal-depth fertilizer spreading machine and relates to the technical field of fertilization machinery. A suspension bracket is connected with a stand, a rotary tillage device is arranged below the stand, a deep scarification and layered deep fertilization device is arranged before the rotary tillage device, an equal-depth fertilizer spreading device is arranged behind the rotary tillage device, a carriage is arranged behind the equal-depth fertilizer spreading device, a soil pulverizing roll is arranged behind the carriage, and the soil pulverizing roll drives a fertilizer discharge shaft of a fertilizer box to rotate to discharge fertilizer through a transmission mechanism; the fertilizer applied by the layered deep fertilization device is applied to the downside of the rotary tillage layer in a layered mode, and the fertilizer applied by the equal-depth fertilizer spreading device is applied to the same horizontal depth in the rotary tillage layer. The layered deep fertilization and equal-depth fertilizer spreading machine is capable of finishing deep scarification, layered deep slow release fertilizer applying, rotary tillage, equal-depth base fertilizer spreading, soil pulverizing, soil flattening and the like in one time; the fertilizer using efficiency can be effectively improved, the pollution of the residual fertilizer to the soil and underground water is lowered, the production and income increasing of the crop is promoted, the top dressing in the later period is reduced, the energy is saved, and the efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of layered deep placement fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer machinery technical field.
Background technology
Existing basal fertilizer applying method mostly is and fertilizer is spread on earth's surface, and rotary tillage is stirred, and the fertilizer degree of depth is inconsistent; Wheat planting under earth's surface 3 ~ 5 centimetres, causes the fertilizer in 3 ~ 5 of more than seed centimetres in soil all to waste, and is trapped in soil, cause soil and groundwater to pollute, and destroys ecotope.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention solves be to provide a kind of layered deep placement fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, subsoiling can be completed with once entering, slow-release fertilizer is executed in deep layer layering, rotary tillage, etc. deeply spread fertilizer over the fields the operations such as base manure, earthing, level land, hack; Deep layer layering is executed slow-release fertilizer and is waited and deeply spreads fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer and can make the position of seed during sowing more than fertilizer, and fertilizer is all under seed, effectively can improve the availability of fertilizer, reduces residual fertilizer to the pollution of soil and groundwater; Subsoiling forms the little reservoir of soil, and slow-release fertilizer layered deep placement, in little reservoir, realizes with fertile water transfer, water-fertilizer integral, can provide sufficient moisture and nutrition for crop late growing stage, promotes that crop yield increases income, and manuring late operation can be reduced, energy-conservation, efficiency is high.
Main technical schemes of the present invention is: a kind of layered deep placement is fertile and wait and deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: mainly comprise hanger bracket or crane, frame, the fertile device of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment, fertile case, etc. broadcast application device, planker, hack roller and transmission mechanism deeply; Described hanger bracket is connected with frame, the below of frame is provided with rotary cultivator attachment, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft of rotary cultivator attachment is provided with rotary blade, rotary cultivator attachment front is provided with the fertile device of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment rear such as to be provided with at the dark broadcast application device, be provided with planker etc. the rear of dark broadcast application device, the rear of planker is provided with hack roller, and hack roller drives the fertilizer expelling shaft of fertile case to rotate fertilizer by transmission mechanism; The fertilizer layering that the fertile device of described layered deep placement is executed is executed below rotary tillage layer, and the soil of subsoiling ditch after rotary tillage closes, and the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer executed by the fertilizer waiting dark broadcast application device to execute.
Preferably, described hanger bracket hangs with tractor and is connected; Tractor rear output shaft is connected with the gearbox of rotary cultivator attachment, drives rotary ploughing cutter shaft to rotate, and the rotary blade be arranged on rotary ploughing cutter shaft cuts soil and carries out rotary tillage process; Gearbox is fixed in frame, and the two ends of the nethermost output shaft of described gearbox are fixed with two rotary ploughing cutter shafts, and two rotary ploughing cutter shafts other end is separately contained on the both sides side plate of frame respectively.
Preferably, the defertilizing tube part of the fertile device of described subsoiling layered deep placement, comprise deep soil loosing shovel and be fixed on deep soil loosing shovel layer by layer manuring pipe below, layer by layer manuring pipe is provided with one, two, three or more fertilizer outlet of arranging up and down, fertilizer layering is imposed on below rotary tillage layer, the middle and lower part of zanjon that deep soil loosing shovel is split into; Bottom the rotary tillage not higher than the rotary cultivator attachment after it of the fertilizer outlet of layer by layer manuring pipe topmost.
Preferably, the defertilizing tube part of dark broadcast application device such as described grade, comprises fertilizer delivering pipe, broadcast application cover plate, broadcast application base plate, fertilizer disperser and fertilizer dispersion column; Fertilizer delivering pipe is fixed on the back rest of frame, broadcast application base plate and broadcast application cover plate are the triangular plate turned forward, broadcast application base plate and broadcast application cover plate are fixed on the lower port of fertilizer delivering pipe, be broadcast application base plate below broadcast application cover plate, between broadcast application base plate and broadcast application cover plate, be fixed with pyramid-shaped fertilizer disperser and several fertilizer dispersion column; Fertilizer disperser is positioned at immediately below the lower end outlet of fertilizer delivering pipe, and some fertilizer dispersion column are positioned at the front lower place of fertilizer disperser; Broadcast application cover plate and broadcast application base plate forward downward tilt, and the base place composition fertilizer outlet of broadcast application cover plate and broadcast application base plate, fertilizer outlet level is consistent, with the same level degree of depth making fertilizer evenly be sprinkling upon rotary tillage layer inside.
Preferably, it is leg-of-mutton lagging that the base place of described broadcast application cover plate is provided with cross section, and the fertilizer outlet of the following composition of lagging and broadcast application base plate is positioned at after lagging, and lagging prevents soil from entering fertilizer outlet and affecting broadcast application.
Preferably, dark broadcast application device such as described grade is provided with depth adjusting mechanism, ensures that fertilization depth meets the requirements.
Preferably, described fertilizer can is divided into slow-release fertilizer case and base manure case, ensures slow-release fertilizer and base manure separate administration; The fertilizer that the fertile device of described layered deep placement is executed is slow-release fertilizer, and fertilizer layering is executed below rotary tillage layer; The fertilizer executed etc. dark broadcast application device is conventional base manure, and the scope of the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer, below ground 0 ~ 15 centimetre executed by fertilizer; Consistent with rotary tillage width etc. the width of dark broadcast application, ensure not leak to spread.
Preferably, dark broadcast application device such as described grade be the fertilizer outlet of the dark broadcast application devices such as more than 2 covers are arranged side by side, each in same level position, ensure the uniformity of the fertilizer degree of depth.
Preferably, the fertile device of described subsoiling layered deep placement is provided with more than 2 covers, is all fixed on the front beam of frame, 50 ~ 70 centimetres, interval between the fertile device of adjacent two subsoiling layered deep placements.
Preferably, described described rotary blade and etc. the monomer of dark broadcast application device to need to carry out before and after part corresponding dismounting according to long-term cropping or be fixed and arranged, the fertile device of subsoiling layered deep placement is above also corresponding to be arranged, realizes the banded subsoiling layered deep placement fertilizer of same band shape, banded rotary tillage and band shape etc. and deeply spreads fertilizer over the fields fertilizer.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: compared with prior art, solve prior art Problems existing well, tractor can complete subsoiling with once entering, slow-release fertilizer is executed in deep layer layering, rotary tillage, etc. deeply spread fertilizer over the fields the tillage operations such as base manure, hack, level land;
The fertilizer layering that the fertile device of layered deep placement is executed is executed below rotary tillage layer, the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer executed by the fertilizer executed etc. dark broadcast application device, above the later stage sowing fertilizer layer that grade is spread fertilizer over the fields deeply in rotary tillage layer, fertilizer is all below seed, effectively can improve utilization rate of fertilizer, reduce residual fertilizer to the pollution of soil and groundwater; Spread fertilizer over the fields base manure Deng deeply and promote crops seedling stage growth; Subsoiling forms the little reservoir of soil, and slow-release fertilizer layered deep placement, in little reservoir, realizes with fertile water transfer, water-fertilizer integral, can provide sufficient moisture and nutrition for wheat late growing stage, promotes that crop yield increases income, and can reduce manuring late operation; Can utilization rate of fertilizer be improved, energy-conservation, improve operating efficiency.
One machine completes multi-mode operation, improves operating efficiency and the effect realizing every operation.Be conducive to improving crop growth environment and protecting agriculture ecotope.
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with an embodiment and accompanying drawing, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the right view in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view such as survey such as axle such as grade of the dark broadcast application device such as grade in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the arrangement schematic diagram of the medium dark broadcast application device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is that partial enlarged drawing is looked on a left side of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 be Fig. 4 overlook partial enlarged drawing.
Fig. 7 is the ground vertical distribution schematic diagram of fertilizer.
In figure: 1-hanger bracket or crane, the fertile device of 2-subsoiling layered deep placement, 21-deep soil loosing shovel, 22-layer by layer manuring pipe, 3-rotary cultivator attachment, 31-gearbox, 32-rotary ploughing cutter shaft, 33-rotary blade, 4-fertile case, 5-frame, 6-wait dark broadcast application device, 61-fertilizer delivering pipe, 62-broadcast application cover plate, 63-broadcast application base plate, 64-fertilizer disperser, 65-fertilizer dispersion column, 7-planker, 8-hack roller, 9-transmission device, a1-rotary tillage layer, a2-wait dark broadcast application layer, a3-deep fertilizer spraying Multi-layers distributing, a4-subsoiling ditch, a5-do not plough band.
Embodiment
See Fig. 1--Fig. 7, this layered deep placement is fertile and wait and deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: mainly comprise hanger bracket or crane 1, frame 5, the fertile device 2 of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment 3, fertile case 4, etc. broadcast application device 6, planker 7, hack roller 8 and transmission mechanism 9 deeply; Described hanger bracket 1 is connected with frame 5, the below of frame 5 is provided with rotary cultivator attachment 3, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 of rotary cultivator attachment 3 is provided with rotary blade 33, rotary cultivator attachment 3 front is provided with the fertile device 2 of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment 3 rear such as to be provided with at the dark broadcast application device 6, be provided with planker 7 etc. the rear of dark broadcast application device 6, the rear of planker 7 is provided with hack roller 8, and hack roller 8 drives the fertilizer expelling shaft of fertile case 4 to rotate fertilizer by transmission mechanism 9; The fertilizer layering that the fertile device 2 of described layered deep placement is executed is executed below rotary tillage layer, and the soil of subsoiling ditch after rotary tillage closes, and the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer executed by the fertilizer waiting dark broadcast application device 6 to execute.Described hanger bracket 1 hangs with tractor and is connected; Tractor rear output shaft is connected with the gearbox 31 of rotary cultivator attachment 3, and drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 to rotate, the rotary blade 33 be arranged on rotary ploughing cutter shaft cuts soil and carries out rotary tillage process; Gearbox 31 is fixed in frame 5, and the two ends of the nethermost output shaft of described gearbox 31 are fixed with two rotary ploughing cutter shafts, 32, two other ends that rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 is respective and are contained in respectively on the both sides side plate of frame 5.The fertile device 2 of described subsoiling layered deep placement, comprise deep soil loosing shovel 21 and be fixed on deep soil loosing shovel 21 layer by layer manuring pipe 22 below, layer by layer manuring pipe 22 is provided with one, two, three or more fertilizer outlet of arranging up and down, fertilizer layering is imposed on below rotary tillage layer, the middle and lower part of zanjon that deep soil loosing shovel 21 is split into; Bottom the rotary tillage not higher than the rotary cultivator attachment 3 after it of the fertilizer outlet of layer by layer manuring pipe topmost.Dark broadcast application device 6 such as described grade, comprises fertilizer delivering pipe 61, broadcast application cover plate 62, broadcast application base plate 63, fertilizer disperser 64 and fertilizer dispersion column 65; Fertilizer delivering pipe 61 is fixed on the back rest of frame 5, broadcast application base plate 63 and broadcast application cover plate 62 are the triangular plate turned forward, broadcast application base plate 63 and broadcast application cover plate 62 are fixed on the lower port of fertilizer delivering pipe 61, be broadcast application base plate 63 below broadcast application cover plate 62, between broadcast application base plate 63 and broadcast application cover plate 62, be fixed with pyramid-shaped fertilizer disperser 64 and some fertilizer dispersion column 65; Fertilizer disperser 64 is positioned at immediately below the lower end outlet of fertilizer delivering pipe 61, and some fertilizer dispersion column 65 are positioned at the front lower place of fertilizer disperser 64; Broadcast application cover plate 62 and broadcast application base plate 63 forward downward tilt, the base place composition fertilizer outlet of broadcast application cover plate 62 and broadcast application base plate 63, and fertilizer outlet level is consistent, are evenly sprinkling upon the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer to make fertilizer.It is leg-of-mutton lagging that the base place of described broadcast application cover plate 62 is provided with cross section, and the fertilizer outlet of the following composition of lagging and broadcast application base plate 63 is positioned at after lagging, and lagging prevents soil from entering fertilizer outlet and affecting broadcast application.Dark broadcast application device 6 such as described grade is provided with depth adjusting mechanism, ensures that fertilization depth meets the requirements.Described fertilizer can is divided into slow-release fertilizer case and base manure case, ensures slow-release fertilizer and base manure separate administration; The fertilizer that the fertile device 2 of described layered deep placement is executed is slow-release fertilizer, and fertilizer layering is executed below rotary tillage layer; The fertilizer executed etc. dark broadcast application device 6 is conventional base manure, and the scope of the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer, below ground 0 ~ 15 centimetre executed by fertilizer; Consistent with rotary tillage width etc. the width of dark broadcast application, ensure not leak to spread.Dark broadcast application device 6 such as described grade be the fertilizer outlet of the dark broadcast application devices such as more than 2 covers are arranged side by side, each in same level position, ensure the uniformity of the fertilizer degree of depth.The fertile device 2 of described subsoiling layered deep placement is provided with more than 2 covers, is all fixed on the front beam of frame 5,50 ~ 70 centimetres, interval between the fertile device 2 of adjacent two subsoiling layered deep placements.Described described rotary blade 33 and etc. the monomer of dark broadcast application device 6 can to need to carry out before and after part corresponding dismounting according to long-term cropping or be fixed and arranged, the fertile device 2 of subsoiling layered deep placement is above also corresponding to be arranged, realizes the banded subsoiling layered deep placement fertilizer of same band shape, banded rotary tillage and band shape etc. and deeply spreads fertilizer over the fields fertilizer.
Embodiment is structure more specifically, being connected with the fertilizer apparatus of fertile case 4 slow-release fertilizer, by slow-release fertilizer layered deep placement in the zanjon that deep soil loosing shovel 21 is opened by fertilising flexible pipe above of layer by layer manuring pipe 22.Be connected with the fertilizer apparatus of fertile case 4 base manure etc. the fertilising flexible pipe that passes through above of the fertilizer delivering pipe 61 of dark broadcast application device 6.The fertilizer spread fertilizer over the fields etc. dark broadcast application device 6 is evenly sprinkling upon the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer, and the degree of depth can regulate.Hanger bracket 1 and tractor pass through pinned connection; Hanger bracket 1 and frame 5 are installed together; The below of frame 5 is provided with rotary cultivator attachment 3, the axis of the rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 of rotary cultivator attachment 3 is vertical with the direction of advance of tractor, power is passed to the gear-box 31 of rotary cultivator attachment 3 by universal joint by tractor rear output shaft, the below of gear-box 31 is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32, rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 is provided with rotary blade 33; Fertile case 4 is arranged in frame 5 by side plate; Below the front beam of frame 5, the front of rotary cultivator attachment 3 is provided with subsoiling layer by layer manuring device 2; Below the back rest of frame 5, the rear of rotary cultivator attachment 3 such as to be provided with at the dark broadcast application device 7; Be provided with planker 7 etc. the rear of dark broadcast application device 6, the two ends of planker 7 and the sidewall of frame 5 link together; The rear of planker 7 is provided with hack roller 8, is linked together by the sidewall of linking arm and frame 5; One end of hack roller 8 is provided with sprocket wheel, and the side sprocket wheel of this sprocket wheel and fertile case 4 connects to form transmission mechanism 9 by chain.Fertile case deeply spreads fertilizer over the fields device 7 with subsoiling layered deep placement fertile device 2, fertilizer etc. respectively by fertilising flexible pipe and is connected.It is fertilizer disperser 64 below fertilizer delivering pipe 61, disperser 64 arranged beneath many fertilizers material dispersion column 65, fertilizer disperser 64 and fertilizer dispersion column 65 are fixed on broadcast application base plate 63, fertilizer disperser 64 and fertilizer dispersion column 65 be stamped broadcast application cover plate 62 above, evenly scatter when fertilizer disperser 64 and fertilizer dispersion column 65 make fertilizer dirty along broadcast application base plate 63, to realize the object of broadcast application.Fertilizer etc. deeply spread fertilizer over the fields device 6 upper-lower position and can adjust as required, have both protected after planting seed manure distance, accomplish not burn to plant and do not waste again.Fertile case 4 is provided with adjusting device, can carry out fertilizing amount adjustment according to fertilizer and soil actual needs.Multiple subsoiling layered deep placement slow-release fertilizer device 2 is arranged on before rotary cultivator attachment, the spacing of adjacent two 50 ~ 70 centimetres, slow-release fertilizer can be imposed on deep soil loosing shovel middle and lower part by subsoiling layered deep placement slow-release fertilizer device, the little reservoir of the soil formed with subsoiling forms liquid manure and integrally holds storehouse, for the wheat later stage provides nutrient.
During work, hanger bracket 1 is connected with tractor rear-mounted, and tractor rear output shaft drives the gearbox 31 of rotary cultivator attachment 3 to rotate by universal joint, and transmission of power rotates to rotary ploughing cutter shaft 32 by gearbox 31, carries out banded rotary tillage process; Meanwhile, along with the advance of tractor, the fertile device 2 of subsoiling layered deep placement buries subsoiling, and wait dark broadcast application device 72 to bury, hack roller 8 lands and starts to rotate, and town hack roller 8 drives fertile case 4 fertilizer by transmission device 9; Slow-release fertilizer enters the fertile device 2 of subsoiling layered deep placement by defertilizing tube, this bottom of device vertically has multiple fertilizer outlet, by slow-release fertilizer layered deep placement in deep soil loosing shovel middle and lower part, bottom the rotary tillage of topmost fertilizer outlet not higher than rotary blade 33, ensure that rotary blade 33 does not stir fertilizer; Base fertilizer the dark broadcast application device 6 such as to enter by fertilizer delivering pipe, before the native major part of rotary cultivator attachment 3 spin-up falls, fertilizer through etc. dark broadcast application device 6 be spread on a certain identical horizontal level (depth adjustable) in rotary tillage layer, the soil part of rotary tillage spin-up covers fertilizer; Planker and hack roller by broken for rotary tillage soil pressure, drag flat.Implement structure is simple, easy to adjust, uses reliable, be a kind of novel high-efficiency layered deep placement and etc. dark broadcast application rotary tillage soil-working machine.Through on probation, effect is fine.
Improve utilization rate of fertilizer mechanism:
Sow the crops such as wheat after the dark broadcast application such as a and layered deep placement fertilizer, seed is on fertilizer, and prick under root system after the crops such as that is fertilizer is all execute below the crop seeds such as wheat, wheat germinate, fertilizer can all be absorbed by wheat root substantially;
Substantially there is no wheat root in the above soil of b seed, save the fertilizer in the above soil of seed of lower existing fertilizing method, fertilizer more than 30% can be saved;
C subsoiling deep fertilizer spraying improves with fertile water transfer effect, changes the bulk density of soil, improves the granular structure of soil, is conducive to the formation of soil colloid anion, thus reduces oxygen volatilization, improves utilization rate of fertilizer, has significant soil ecology repair.
Improve efficiency of water application mechanism:
Subsoiling retaining can effectively improve soil physical chemistry performance, fully receives natural rainfall, sets up Soil Reservoir, and coordination soil Zhong Shui, fertilizer, gas, hot situation, improve soil water storage soil moisture conservation and effect is fattened in ridging.

Claims (10)

1. layered deep placement is fertile and wait and deeply spread a fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: mainly comprise hanger bracket or crane (1), frame (5), the fertile device (2) of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment (3), fertile case (4), etc. broadcast application device (6), planker (7), hack roller (8) and transmission mechanism (9) deeply; Described hanger bracket (1) is connected with frame (5), the below of frame (5) is provided with rotary cultivator attachment (3), the rotary ploughing cutter shaft (32) of rotary cultivator attachment (3) is provided with rotary blade (33), rotary cultivator attachment (3) front is provided with the fertile device (2) of subsoiling layered deep placement, rotary cultivator attachment (3) rear such as to be provided with at the dark broadcast application device (6), planker (7) is provided with etc. the rear of dark broadcast application device (6), the rear of planker (7) is provided with hack roller (8), and hack roller (8) drives the fertilizer expelling shaft of fertile case (4) to rotate fertilizer by transmission mechanism (9);
The fertilizer layering that the fertile device (2) of described layered deep placement is executed is executed below rotary tillage layer, and the soil of subsoiling ditch after rotary tillage closes, and the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer executed by the fertilizer waiting dark broadcast application device (6) to execute.
2. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: described hanger bracket (1) hangs with tractor and is connected; Tractor rear output shaft is connected with the gearbox (31) of rotary cultivator attachment (3), drives rotary ploughing cutter shaft (32) to rotate, and the rotary blade (33) be arranged on rotary ploughing cutter shaft cuts soil and carries out rotary tillage process; Gearbox (31) is fixed in frame (5), and the two ends of the nethermost output shaft of described gearbox (31) are fixed with two rotary ploughing cutter shafts (32), and the other end that two rotary ploughing cutter shafts (32) are respective is contained on the both sides side plate of frame (5) respectively.
3. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: the defertilizing tube part of the fertile device (2) of described subsoiling layered deep placement, comprise deep soil loosing shovel (21) and be fixed on deep soil loosing shovel (21) layer by layer manuring pipe (22) below, layer by layer manuring pipe (22) is provided with one, two, three or more fertilizer outlet of arranging up and down, fertilizer layering is imposed on below rotary tillage layer, the middle and lower part of zanjon that deep soil loosing shovel (21) is split into; Bottom the rotary tillage not higher than the rotary cultivator attachment (3) after it of the fertilizer outlet of layer by layer manuring pipe topmost.
4. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: the defertilizing tube part of dark broadcast application device (6) such as described grade, comprises fertilizer delivering pipe (61), broadcast application cover plate (62), broadcast application base plate (63), fertilizer disperser (64) and fertilizer dispersion column (65); Fertilizer delivering pipe (61) is fixed on the back rest of frame (5), broadcast application base plate (63) and broadcast application cover plate (62) are the triangular plate turned forward, broadcast application base plate (63) and broadcast application cover plate (62) are fixed on the lower port of fertilizer delivering pipe (61), be broadcast application base plate (63) below broadcast application cover plate (62), between broadcast application base plate (63) and broadcast application cover plate (62), be fixed with pyramid-shaped fertilizer disperser (64) and several fertilizer dispersion column (65); Fertilizer disperser (64) is positioned at immediately below the lower end outlet of fertilizer delivering pipe (61), and some fertilizer dispersion column (65) are positioned at the front lower place of fertilizer disperser (64); Broadcast application cover plate (62) and broadcast application base plate (63) forward downward tilt, the base place composition fertilizer outlet of broadcast application cover plate (62) and broadcast application base plate (63), and fertilizer outlet level unanimously, is evenly sprinkling upon the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer to make fertilizer.
5. according to right want a kind of layered deep placement described in 4 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: it is leg-of-mutton lagging that the base place of described broadcast application cover plate (62) is provided with cross section, the fertilizer outlet of the following composition of lagging and broadcast application base plate (63) is positioned at after lagging, and lagging prevents soil from entering fertilizer outlet and affecting broadcast application.
6. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: dark broadcast application device (6) such as described grade is provided with depth adjusting mechanism, ensure that fertilization depth meets the requirements.
7. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 is fertile and wait and deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: described fertilizer can is divided into slow-release fertilizer case and base manure case, guarantee slow-release fertilizer and base manure separate administration; The fertilizer that the fertile device (2) of described layered deep placement is executed is slow-release fertilizer, and fertilizer layering is executed below rotary tillage layer; The fertilizer executed etc. dark broadcast application device (6) is conventional base manure, and the scope of the same level degree of depth in rotary tillage layer, below ground 0 ~ 15 centimetre executed by fertilizer; Consistent with rotary tillage width etc. the width of dark broadcast application, ensure not leak to spread.
8. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: dark broadcast application device (6) such as described grade is that more than 2 covers are arranged side by side, the fertilizer outlet of dark broadcast application device such as each grade, in same level position, ensures the uniformity of the fertilizer degree of depth.
9. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 or 8 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: the fertile device (2) of described subsoiling layered deep placement is provided with more than 2 covers, all be fixed on the front beam of frame (5), 50 ~ 70 centimetres, interval between the fertile device (2) of adjacent two subsoiling layered deep placements.
10. a kind of layered deep placement according to claim 9 fertile and etc. deeply spread fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: described rotary blade (33) and etc. the monomer of dark broadcast application device (6) corresponding dismounting to be needed to carry out before and after part according to long-term cropping or be fixed and arranged, the fertile device (2) of subsoiling layered deep placement is above also corresponding arranges, realizes the banded subsoiling layered deep placement fertilizer of same band shape, banded rotary tillage and band shape etc. and deeply spreads fertilizer over the fields fertilizer.
CN201510006427.7A 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 Layered deep fertilization and equal-depth fertilizer spreading machine Pending CN104541630A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871673A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-02 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Serial layered deep scarification fertilizing machine
CN105960866A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 河南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所 Rotary tiller adopting stubble-attached subsoiling for corn
CN108029293A (en) * 2017-12-24 2018-05-15 孙华明 One kind sows uniform miniature seeding machine
CN108307754A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-24 北京农业信息技术研究中心 A kind of quantificationally fertilizing machine
CN108432381A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-08-24 刘伟生 Subsoiling land preparation fills combination plow with secret tunnel note
CN110537402A (en) * 2018-05-29 2019-12-06 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 Liquid manure injection, application and sowing integrated machine
CN114868478A (en) * 2022-04-11 2022-08-09 农业农村部规划设计研究院 Dual-purpose fertilizing shovel suitable for liquid manure topdressing
CN115316074A (en) * 2022-07-22 2022-11-11 中国农业大学 Chain disc combination and bionic ditching layered deep organic fertilizer applicator for forest orchard
CN116472810A (en) * 2023-05-30 2023-07-25 上海华维可控农业科技集团股份有限公司 Intelligent water and fertilizer concentration allocation fertilization equipment

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