CN201051772Y - Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine - Google Patents

Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201051772Y
CN201051772Y CNU2007200318880U CN200720031888U CN201051772Y CN 201051772 Y CN201051772 Y CN 201051772Y CN U2007200318880 U CNU2007200318880 U CN U2007200318880U CN 200720031888 U CN200720031888 U CN 200720031888U CN 201051772 Y CN201051772 Y CN 201051772Y
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China
Prior art keywords
tube
frame
seeding
plough
furrow plough
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Expired - Lifetime
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CNU2007200318880U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史可器
史森强
史江涛
王强
杨联社
马晓娥
王伟
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multi-plow no-tillage planter, which comprises a frame, a power transmission system on the frame, an anti-block device connected with the drive shaft of the power transmission system, a sowing tube on the frame, a transmission drive wheel, a press wheel, a seed/fertilizer box, and a fertilizer tube at the back of a digger plough. The fertilizer tube and the sowing tube are arranged in turn at the back of the digger plough, the fertilizer tube, sowing tube, and digger plough are hinged with four link bars hinged with the frame, the press wheel is connected with the four link bars via support rods, the anti-block device is arranged between two nearby digging fertilizer seeding monomers alternatively arranged at front and back. The utility model resolves the technical problems of block between digger plough and seeder, non-copy application of digger plough and fertilizer tube, bad seeding quality and effect. The utility model has the advantages of prevented block between digging plough and seeder, confirmed digging and seeding depth on concave-convex field, multifunction, and saved cost.

Description

A kind of multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sower, is specifically related to a kind of multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine.
Background technology
The furrow plough and the discharging tube parts of no-tillage seeding machine all are the split settings at present, and furrow plough and defertilizing tube are fixed on the no-tillage seeding machine frame, and furrow plough and defertilizing tube can not be followed an example.When water furrow planting, seeding parts pipe and press wheel can be followed an example, but furrow plough and defertilizing tube can not be followed an example, cause trench digging and fertilising and sowing disunity, cause kind of a bed depth to differ greatly, and making fertilising and sowing depth be difficult to control, the sowing effect is very bad, and solves the non-constant of blockage problem effect.Chinese patent ZL200520144400.6 discloses the anti-blocking no-tillage seeding machine of a kind of driving, is to utilize rotary cutter to solve the furrow plough blockage problem during this sower work, adopts two disk water furrow plantings.During work, the furrow plough work on the corn ridge is more normal, and there is blockage problem in the furrow plough that is in furrow between two corn ridges, and still there is blockage problem in two disk water furrow planting devices; Even more serious is because furrow plough is not a monomer independently, but whole row fixedly installs, the monomer of each furrow plough and seeder can not independently be followed an example, therefore the two disks that are in furrow can not cut off weeds, stalk, but seed is broadcast on weeds, stalk and the face of land, make this row seed germination, emerge, survival rate is low, seedling occurs burning or withered and withered phenomenon appear in the back of emerging; Have a strong impact on seeding quality and effect.The no-tillage seeding machine of introducing cuts off stalk, trench digging principle by facing table roller directly; Existing problems day when drought ground is faced table roller firmly directly and is difficult to bury, and can't shred weeds and stalk when ground is soft, and cause kind of bed in the more influence of straw after planting seed emerge and occur burning seedling or drying up and withered phenomenon appears in the back of emerging; At cereal crops high yield area straw above facing the table roller radius directly jam appears still for a long time.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine, and it has solved in the background technology and has stopped up between the furrow plough and seeder, and furrow plough and defertilizing tube can not be followed an example and the technical problem of seeding quality, weak effect.
Technical solution of the present utility model is:
A kind of multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame 1, be installed in the power drive system 2 on the frame 1, the anti-device 4 that blocks up that is connected with driving shaft 3 on the power drive system 2, be arranged on the frame 1, discharging tube 9, transportation driving wheel 17, press wheel 11 and kind/fertile case 10, be arranged at furrow plough 7 defertilizing tube 8 afterwards, described discharging tube 9, defertilizing tube 8 be arranged at kind/seeding/fertile device 13 in the fertile case 10 is communicated with, the transmission system 12 of described transportation driving wheel 17 is connected with seeding/device fertile 13, its special character is: described defertilizing tube 8, discharging tube 9 sets gradually after furrow plough 7, described defertilizing tube 8, discharging tube 9, furrow plough 7 and four connecting rods 14 are hinged, and described four connecting rods 14 are hinged with frame 1; Described press wheel 11 is connected with four connecting rods 14 by support bar 15; Ferti-seeding of independently ditching of described furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8, sowing pipe 9 and press wheel 11 and one four connecting rod, 14 formations monomer 16 of following an example; Described at least two ferti-seeding monomers 16 are staggered front to back layout along the horizontal direction vertical with furrow plough 7 trench digging directions; The described anti-device 4 that blocks up is arranged on adjacent two and be staggered front to back between the trench digging ferti-seeding monomer 16 of layout; The bracing frame 18 of the described anti-device 4 that blocks up is fixed on the frame 1.The bracing frame 18 of the described anti-device 4 that blocks up is fixed on the frame 1, and furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8, press wheel 11 and discharging tube 9 can be followed an example by four connecting rods 14, and seed manure case 10 is fixed on the frame.
Above-mentioned discharging tube 9 outlets are higher than defertilizing tube 8 outlets.
Has spacing between above-mentioned discharging tube 9 and defertilizing tube 8 exits.Fertilising is wanted and sows to have certain distance, guarantees that there are certain distance in fertilizer and seed.
Above-mentioned furrow plough 7 is in anti-device 4 useful effects of blocking up.
Above-mentioned anti-device 4 lower ends and the surface distance-2cm~10cm of blocking up.
The above-mentioned anti-device 4 that blocks up comprises cutter 4 and cutter shaft 5; Described cutter 4 is fixed or is hinged on the cutter shaft 5.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1) do not get congestion between furrow plough and the seeder.Cutter on the cutter shaft is used for beating and shaves off stalk and the weeds of prolong knot on furrow plough and seeder, guarantees not get congestion between two adjacent furrow ploughs and the fertilizer sowing pipe, plants in the bed straw, weeds and can guarantee seeding quality and requirement less.
2) guarantee uneven trench digging and the sowing depth of sowing ground.The monomer of furrow plough and seeder is independently followed an example, and can satisfy the trench digging on uneven sowing ground and the requirement of sowing depth.
3) a tractor serves several purposes.The seed manure case is provided with multiple seeding unit, and a tractor serves several purposes can be broadcast wheat, can broadcast crops such as corn, soybean, grass-seed again.
4) save cost.A tractor serves several purposes is equivalent to facility such as wheat no-tillage planter, no-till maize machine, herbage no-tillage seeding machine, small investment, and function is many, saves cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
The drawing reference numeral explanation
The 1-frame; The 2-power drive system; The 3-driving shaft; The anti-device that blocks up of 4-; The 5-cutter shaft; The 6-cutter; The 7-furrow plough; The 8-defertilizing tube; The 9-discharging tube; 10-kind/fertile case; The 11-press wheel; The 12-transmission system; 13-seeding/fertile device; 14-four connecting rods; The 15-support bar; 16-ferti-seeding monomer; 17-transports driving wheel; The 18-bracing frame.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, a kind of multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame 1, be arranged on the power drive system 2 on the frame 1, the anti-device 4 that blocks up that joins with driving shaft 3 on the power drive system 2, be arranged on discharging tube 9 on the frame 1, transportation driving wheel 17, press wheel 11 and kind/fertile case 10, be arranged at furrow plough 7 defertilizing tube 8 afterwards, discharging tube 9, be communicated with the seeding/fertile device 13 in being arranged at kind/fertile case 10, the transmission system 12 of described transportation driving wheel 17 is connected with seeding/device fertile 13, defertilizing tube 8, discharging tube 9 sets gradually after furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8, discharging tube 9, furrow plough 7 and four connecting rods 14 are hinged, and described four connecting rods 14 are hinged with frame 1; Press wheel 11 is connected with four connecting rods 14 by support bar 15; Furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8, sowing pipe 9 and press wheel 11 and one four connecting rod 14 constitute a ferti-seeding monomer 16; At least two ferti-seeding monomers 16 are staggered front to back layout along the horizontal direction vertical with furrow plough 7 trench digging directions; The anti-device 4 that blocks up is arranged on adjacent two and be staggered front to back between the trench digging ferti-seeding monomer 16 of layout; The bracing frame 18 of the described anti-device 4 that blocks up is fixed on the frame 1, and the bracing frame 18 of the anti-device 4 that blocks up is fixed on the frame 1, and the anti-device 4 that blocks up comprises cutter 4 and cutter shaft 5; Cutter 4 is fixed or is hinged on the cutter shaft 5.
During work, tractor drive chassis 1, furrow plough 7 trench diggings, transporting driving wheel 17 simultaneously rotates, the transmission system 12 of transportation driving wheel 17 drives seeding/fertile device 13, defertilizing tube 8 fertilizers are in the ditch of newly opening, furrow plough 7 continues to move ahead, the backfill of earthing part covers fertilizer, the discharging tube 9 that is positioned at after furrow plough 7 and the defertilizing tube 8 is opened more shallow ditch once more, seeding, tractor drags frame 1 to be continued to move ahead, and soil moisture conservation suppression processing is done on the 11 pairs of faces of land after planting of press wheel that are positioned at frame 1 rear, guarantees earthing and compacting, in sowing, tractor dynamic power drives cutter shaft 5, and cutter shaft 5 drives 6 dozens on cutter and shaves off the stalk of prolong knot on furrow plough 7 and discharging tube 9 bodys, weeds and gather around soil prevent blocking up of furrow plough 7 and discharging tube 9.Seed manure case 10 is many casings, and for example fertile case, wheat kind case and corn kind case when broadcasting corn, because the line space of corn is big, only need disengaging section ferti-seeding monomer, can reach requirement, can realize a tractor serves several purposes.
Power drive system 2 is cutter shaft 5 power resources, transportation driving wheel 17 is power resources of kind/fertile case 10, cutter 6 on the cutter shaft 5 is used for beating and shaves off stalk and the weeds of prolong knot on furrow plough 7 and discharging tube 9 bodys, guarantees not get congestion between two adjacent furrow ploughs 7 and the discharging tube 9.
Furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8 and discharging tube 9 and press wheel 11 unified following an example are guaranteed trench digging, fertilising, sowing, degree of depth unanimity.Press wheel 11 is to adjust the assurance sowing depth and assurance earthing and compacting are handled in face of land do soil moisture conservation suppression after planting.Being beneficial to seed germination emerges.
Furrow plough 7, defertilizing tube 8 and discharging tube 9 are to guarantee ditch, fertilizer, kind is dark and broadcasts back ground earthing compaction with the press wheel 11 unified effects of following an example, and are seed germination, the creation optimum condition of emerging.
Kind/fertile case 10 is provided with multiple seeding unit, can reach branch season sowing effect in different seasons by simple adjustment, i.e. a tractor serves several purposes, and a machine is equivalent to many facility, small investment, function is many, saves cost and expense.

Claims (5)

1. multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame (1), be installed in the power drive system (2) on the frame (1), the anti-device that blocks up (4) that is connected with driving shaft (3) on the power drive system (2), be arranged on the discharging tube (9) on the frame (1), transportation driving wheel (16), press wheel (11) and kind/fertile case (10), be arranged at furrow plough (7) defertilizing tube (8) afterwards, described discharging tube (9), defertilizing tube (8) seeding/fertile device (13) interior with being arranged at kind/fertile case (10) is communicated with, the transmission system (12) of described transportation driving wheel (17) is connected, it is characterized in that with seeding/device fertilizer (13): described defertilizing tube (8), discharging tube (9) sets gradually afterwards at furrow plough (7); Described defertilizing tube (8), discharging tube (9), furrow plough (7) and four connecting rods (14) are hinged; Described four connecting rods (14) are hinged with frame (1); Described press wheel (11) is connected with four connecting rods (14) by support bar (15); Described furrow plough (7), defertilizing tube (8), sowing pipe (9) and press wheel (11) constitute a ferti-seeding monomer (16) with one four connecting rod (14); Described at least two ferti-seeding monomers (16) are staggered front to back layout along the horizontal direction vertical with furrow plough (7) trench digging direction; The described anti-device (4) that blocks up is arranged on adjacent two and be staggered front to back between the trench digging ferti-seeding monomer (16) of layout; The bracing frame (18) of described anti-device (4) that block up is fixed on the frame 1.
2. no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described discharging tube (9) is provided with spacing with defertilizing tube (8) exit.
3. no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described furrow plough (7) is in anti-device (4) useful effect of blocking up.
4. no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described anti-block up device (4) lower end and surface distance-2cm~10cm.
5. no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the described anti-device (4) that blocks up comprises cutter (4) and cutter shaft (5); Described cutter (4) is fixed or is hinged on the cutter shaft (5).
CNU2007200318880U 2007-05-30 2007-05-30 Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine Expired - Lifetime CN201051772Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CNU2007200318880U CN201051772Y (en) 2007-05-30 2007-05-30 Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101313644B (en) * 2007-05-30 2011-07-27 史可器 Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine
CN103650708A (en) * 2012-09-06 2014-03-26 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Zero tillage planting device
CN105379486A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-09 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Transplanting machine and planting device of transplanting machine
CN105379485A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-03-09 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional transplanter
CN107006177A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-08-04 王梅忠 A kind of floated corn drill of stable type half
CN111670648A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-09-18 山西农业大学 Novel anti-jamming winding-free wheat rotary tillage normal position deep fertilizing wide seeder

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101313644B (en) * 2007-05-30 2011-07-27 史可器 Multi-row plough no-tillage seeding machine
CN103650708A (en) * 2012-09-06 2014-03-26 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Zero tillage planting device
CN105379485A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-03-09 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional transplanter
CN105379486A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-09 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Transplanting machine and planting device of transplanting machine
CN107006177A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-08-04 王梅忠 A kind of floated corn drill of stable type half
CN111670648A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-09-18 山西农业大学 Novel anti-jamming winding-free wheat rotary tillage normal position deep fertilizing wide seeder

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20080430

Effective date of abandoning: 20070530