CN202232104U - Potato seeding machine - Google Patents

Potato seeding machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202232104U
CN202232104U CN 201120191002 CN201120191002U CN202232104U CN 202232104 U CN202232104 U CN 202232104U CN 201120191002 CN201120191002 CN 201120191002 CN 201120191002 U CN201120191002 U CN 201120191002U CN 202232104 U CN202232104 U CN 202232104U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seeding
wheel
seed
frame
star
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201120191002
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王毅
张文峰
陈冠礼
王旭东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
Original Assignee
Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering filed Critical Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
Priority to CN 201120191002 priority Critical patent/CN202232104U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202232104U publication Critical patent/CN202232104U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a potato seeding machine. The machine comprises a tractor and a seeding device, wherein the seeding device comprises a frame; a chain spoon seed taking mechanism, a fertilizer box, a seed discharging star wheel driving rod, a fertilizer discharging shaft, an opener, a seed discharging pipe, a seed discharging star wheel, a seed discharging slide way, a land wheel, a seed box, a ridging soil coverer and a press wheel are arranged on the frame; the chain spoon seed taking mechanism and the seed box are arranged above the frame and communicated with each other; the chain spoon seed taking mechanism is connected with the tractor through the seed discharging star wheel driving rod; the seed discharging pipe is communicated with the chain spoon seed taking mechanism through the seed discharging star wheel and the seed discharging slide way; the seed discharging star wheel is connected with the land wheel through the fertilizer discharging shaft; the opener is arranged below the front part of the frame and communicated with the seed discharging pipe; the ridging soil coverer and the press wheel are arranged on the rear part of the frame; and the front part of the frame is connected with the tractor through upper and lower suspension devices.

Description

Sowing machine for potatoes
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural seeder equipment, relates in particular to the Sowing machine for potatoes of a kind of suitable south winter kind.
Background technology
Current, potato planting adopts spoonful Sowing machine for potatoes of formula seeding usually.Like Chinese utility model patent ZL201020121410.9 (notification number: CN201639966U) disclose a kind of Sowing machine for potatoes; Mainly comprise the hand tractor head that has power set and power take-off, be connected in the frame of hand tractor head and be installed on the Seeding box on the frame; Above said Seeding box, the sowing driving shaft is installed through the driving shaft bearing; Said sowing driving shaft is connected with power transmission shaft with double transition sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism through conveying mechanism; Said power transmission shaft is connected with gear mechanism, and said gear mechanism is connected with the power take-off of hand tractor head; And said sowing driving shaft is equipped with the sowing sprocket wheel; Said sowing sprocket wheel is under the gearing of the power take-off outputting power of hand tractor head and sowing driving shaft; Drive the rotation of sowing driven shaft through chain, drive chain thus and carry seed.Though this Sowing machine for potatoes can be sowed continuously, because size, the shape of potato seed piece differs, increased the mechanized cultivation difficulty of Sowing machine for potatoes, seed-filling rate is low, reseed problems such as difficulty and broadcast leakage is the difficult problem of potato mechanized cultivation always.
In addition, potato sowing general employing seed and seed manure mix to be executed, and China has 1,000,000,000 mu of arable lands to lack phosphorus, generally need use seed manure, and generally the machine with seed fertilizer is that chemical fertilizer and seed are entered in the same grain tube, imposes on the bottom of trench that same plough is opened.Kind, fertile mixed executing make chemical fertilizer " burn " seed easily.
Moreover southern rural area is warm, rainy because of weather, and the sticking humidity hysteresis of soil weighs and requires equipment can play the agronomic characteristics of the high moisture in the soil of high ridge, simultaneously to the many mountains and the hilly country in southern rural area, requires to carry out the miniaturization transformation to existing machine.
Summary of the invention
To the shortcoming of prior art, the purpose of the utility model provides a kind of Sowing machine for potatoes, can solve the problem that southern potato when sowing seed-filling rate is low, reseed difficulty and broadcast leakage.
To achieve these goals; The technical scheme of the utility model is: a kind of Sowing machine for potatoes; Comprise tractor and seeding apparatus; Said seeding apparatus comprises frame, chain spoon formula is set on frame gets kind of a mechanism, fertile case, seeding star-wheel active drive bar, fertilizer expelling shaft, plough, discharging tube, seeding star-wheel, seeding slideway, land wheel, kind case, ridging covering device and press wheel, and chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and planted case and is installed in the frame top and is connected and communicate; Chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and is connected with tractor through seeding star-wheel active drive bar; Discharging tube is got kind of a mechanism through seeding star-wheel, seeding slideway and chain spoon formula and is connected and communicates, and the seeding star-wheel is connected with land wheel through fertilizer expelling shaft, and the lower front that plough is installed in frame is connected with discharging tube and communicates; Ridging covering device and press wheel are installed in the rear portion of frame, and the front portion of said frame is connected with tractor through upper and lower suspension.
Further, between seeding slideway and kind case, unnecessary seed is set and slides back passage.
Further, in plough by arrangement length is different respectively behind the forward direction fertilizer-guiding plate with lead kind of a plate, again below, plough two side is processed into step-likely simultaneously, the end of fertilizer-guiding plate is immediately following the spear of plough.
Further, a plurality of lugs of welding on land wheel.
Further, two land wheels are connected on the same driving shaft.
Compared with prior art, the utility model adopts chain spoon formula to get kind of a mechanism and gets kind, puts into discharging tube to the potato of taking out and is arranged in a row, and carries out seeding through the rotation of seeding star-wheel then.Chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism through tractor dispensing power initiatively, lets get kind of spoon and constantly get kind to guarantee in the seeding slideway enough kind pieces being arranged, and when unnecessary kind of piece arranged in the discharging tube, will fall into kind of a case automatically.The seeding star-wheel is connected with land wheel through chain, carries out seeding through the rotation of land wheel.Through this seeding mode, can utilize the active seeding of chain spoon to guarantee have sufficient seed to carry out seeding in the discharging tube, thereby reduce leakage sowing rate for star-wheel; And seed can constantly be fallen in the star-wheel under action of gravity, carries out seeding with star-wheel, can control the replay rate.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done further to specify.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
See also Fig. 1; The Sowing machine for potatoes of present embodiment comprises tractor (not shown) and seeding apparatus; Seeding apparatus comprises frame 13; Chain spoon formula is set on frame 13 gets kind of mechanism 16, fertile case 3, seeding star-wheel active drive bar 4, fertilizer expelling shaft 5, plough 6, discharging tube 7, seeding star-wheel 8, seeding slideway 9, land wheel 11, plants case 12, ridging covering device 14 and press wheel 15; Chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and is planted case and is installed in the frame top and is connected and communicate, and chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and is connected with tractor through seeding star-wheel active drive bar, and discharging tube is got kind of a mechanism through seeding star-wheel, seeding slideway and chain spoon formula and is connected and communicates; The seeding star-wheel is connected with land wheel through fertilizer expelling shaft; The lower front that plough is installed in frame is connected with discharging tube and communicates, and ridging covering device and press wheel are installed in the rear portion of frame, the front portion of frame through last suspension 1, hang 2 down and be connected with tractor.Between seeding slideway and kind case, unnecessary seed is set and slides back path 10; In plough by arrangement length is different respectively behind the forward direction fertilizer-guiding plate with lead kind of a plate, again below, plough two side is processed into step-likely simultaneously, the end of fertilizer-guiding plate is immediately following the spear of plough; The a plurality of lugs of welding on land wheel; Two land wheels are connected on the same driving shaft.
Be connected with the seeding star-wheel through seeding star-wheel active drive bar, the seeding star-wheel is rotated, from kind of case, take out seed; Fall into the seeding slideway, seed is arranged in a row, carry out seeding through the seeding star-wheel then; When seed was full of the seeding slideway, unnecessary seed fell back kind of a case through the seeding slideway.Plant and the seeding mode through such getting, can guarantee that at first sufficient seed seeding slideway (constantly getting kind through the active drive wheel), secondly can guarantee all to discharge a seed (carrying out seeding through the seeding star-wheel) at every turn.The seeding star-wheel is connected with land wheel through fertilizer expelling shaft, can satisfy certain spacing in the rows requirement.
In order to make plough can realize that seed and the seed manure vertical demixing in soil arranges,, be processed into below, plough two side step-like more simultaneously as long as in the shovel body, arrange the different fertilizer-guiding plate of two each and every one length and lead kind of a plate after by forward direction; The end of fertilizer-guiding plate is immediately following the spear of plough, when plough advances in operation, because each step returns the time of soil the branch of front and back arranged; Fertilising back first step furrow bank falls earthing after rise; Earthing is during to the second step place, and seed is fallen on kind of the plate that looses, through loose kind of plate and two side the seed spreading on kind of bed; Seed falls the back soil layer and falls earthing from top to bottom in order after rise; Guarantee sowing depth, realized that wet soil covers seed, the growth and the seed sprouting that help crop root emerge.Plough is fixed on the sower girder frame through U-bolt, in seeding operation, advances with sower; Because each stage of sidewall is returned the soil time branch of front and back is arranged, thereby form the distribution of seed manure vertical demixing.Sidewall II section kind of the plate that combine to loose is wipeed the kind ditch bottom of trench that the I section begins to take shape off, also bottom of trench is had slight compacting simultaneously, guarantees the sowing depth uniformity, can also avoid seed from the soil gap, fall to fall into under in the fertile ditch.Limit thickness of earth covering and soil falling time (after guaranteeing that chemical fertilizer and seed fall respectively, soil falls after rise again) respectively through step height and sidewall length.
In order to prevent that owing under the situation of the face of land injustice land wheel is caused the problem of not seeding, fertilizer, the phenomenon that causes hole rate to increase by built on stilts generation slippage.At the lug that welds some on the land wheel, make land wheel stronger adaptability arranged, in order to guarantee the stability of seeding and fertilizer, the same axle of ground, both sides wheel drive to face of land injustice property.This with shaft fixed design, promptly two land wheels are fixed on the same axle, adopt by lug, the iron tyre that is welded of wheel rim and former as the scheme of land wheel, it is simple to have a land axle fixed structure; Two-wheeled is walked in ditch, can make full use of the stationarity of land resources and assurance complete machine; As long as a land wheel kiss the earth just can make advantages such as feed shaft, fertilizer expelling shaft operate as normal.Warm, rainy because of weather to southern rural area, the sticking humidity hysteresis of soil is heavy and require equipment can play the agronomic characteristics of the high moisture in the soil of high ridge, has adopted a high ridge casing mechanism and press wheel mechanism, thereby once realizes fertilising, the purpose of sowing, ridging earthing and suppression.

Claims (5)

1. Sowing machine for potatoes; Comprise tractor and seeding apparatus; It is characterized in that; Said seeding apparatus comprises frame, chain spoon formula is set on frame gets kind of a mechanism, fertile case, seeding star-wheel active drive bar, fertilizer expelling shaft, plough, discharging tube, seeding star-wheel, seeding slideway, land wheel, kind case, ridging covering device and press wheel, and chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and planted case and is installed in the frame top and is connected and communicate; Chain spoon formula is got kind of mechanism and is connected with tractor through seeding star-wheel active drive bar; Discharging tube is got kind of a mechanism through seeding star-wheel, seeding slideway and chain spoon formula and is connected and communicates, and the seeding star-wheel is connected with land wheel through fertilizer expelling shaft, and the lower front that plough is installed in frame is connected with discharging tube and communicates; Ridging covering device and press wheel are installed in the rear portion of frame, and the front portion of said frame is connected with tractor through upper and lower suspension.
2. Sowing machine for potatoes according to claim 1 is characterized in that, between seeding slideway and kind case, unnecessary seed is set and slides back passage.
3. Sowing machine for potatoes according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; In plough by arrangement length is different respectively behind the forward direction fertilizer-guiding plate with lead kind of a plate, again below, plough two side is processed into step-likely simultaneously, the end of fertilizer-guiding plate is immediately following the spear of plough.
4. Sowing machine for potatoes according to claim 1 is characterized in that, a plurality of lugs of welding on land wheel.
5. Sowing machine for potatoes according to claim 1 is characterized in that, two land wheels are connected on the same driving shaft.
CN 201120191002 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Potato seeding machine Expired - Fee Related CN202232104U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120191002 CN202232104U (en) 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Potato seeding machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120191002 CN202232104U (en) 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Potato seeding machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202232104U true CN202232104U (en) 2012-05-30

Family

ID=46093438

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201120191002 Expired - Fee Related CN202232104U (en) 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Potato seeding machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202232104U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103250483A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-21 宁夏鸿景农机科技有限公司 Self-propelled potato ridging and fertilizing planting machine
CN103392425A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-11-20 山东五征集团有限公司 Quantitative fertilization and transplant machine
CN106879287A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-06-23 甘肃农业大学 Integrated potato setter is reseeded in unidirectional clutch type sowing
CN109168476A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-11 河南农业大学 A kind of novel garlic seeding and fertilizing all-in-one machine
CN110637568A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-03 广东中源农业发展有限公司 Efficient potato planting and harvesting integrated device
CN114375662A (en) * 2022-01-19 2022-04-22 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Fertilizer injection unit for watermelon planting
CN115088428A (en) * 2015-06-15 2022-09-23 精密种植有限责任公司 Agricultural liquid application systems, methods and devices

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103250483A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-21 宁夏鸿景农机科技有限公司 Self-propelled potato ridging and fertilizing planting machine
CN103392425A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-11-20 山东五征集团有限公司 Quantitative fertilization and transplant machine
CN103392425B (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-09-16 山东五征集团有限公司 Quantitative fertilization transplanter
CN115088428A (en) * 2015-06-15 2022-09-23 精密种植有限责任公司 Agricultural liquid application systems, methods and devices
CN106879287A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-06-23 甘肃农业大学 Integrated potato setter is reseeded in unidirectional clutch type sowing
CN109168476A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-11 河南农业大学 A kind of novel garlic seeding and fertilizing all-in-one machine
CN110637568A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-03 广东中源农业发展有限公司 Efficient potato planting and harvesting integrated device
CN110637568B (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-11-10 广东中源农业发展有限公司 Efficient potato planting and harvesting integrated device
CN114375662A (en) * 2022-01-19 2022-04-22 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Fertilizer injection unit for watermelon planting

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202232104U (en) Potato seeding machine
CN203575033U (en) Multifunctional planter for plastic film mulching dry cultivation of paddy rice
CN203896701U (en) No-tillage precision fertilizing planter for corn
CN105960862B (en) A kind of corn large-ridge double-row deep ploughing layer-stepping combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN201813665U (en) Wheat seeding and fertilizing all-in-one machine driven by micro-tillage machine
CN112005668A (en) Spaced sowing machine for agricultural planting
CN201091102Y (en) Corn leakage-control machine for seeding and fertilizing
CN104584824A (en) Wheat equal-depth broadcast sowing and under-seed equal-depth fertilizer spreading method
CN210491593U (en) Vertical-rotation soil preparation double-suppression wheat precision seeder
CN210491598U (en) Drought-resistant corn seeder
CN103477759A (en) Uniform seeder
CN201398297Y (en) Double-disk one-foot type triple-row precise planter on soybean ridge
CN205196278U (en) Accurate even machine of broadcasting of wheat narrow row
CN101695227B (en) Cotton seed precision seeder for saline and alkaline land
CN202889895U (en) Wheat deeply loosening combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN113854073B (en) Root-pressing no-tillage rice cultivation method
CN210808210U (en) Weed-inhibiting and soil-moisture-preserving seeder for summer corn and winter rape
CN203646020U (en) Double-fertilizer-can trench bottom fertilization sugarcane planter
CN201504404U (en) Compound rolling coulter of seeding machine
CN105766154A (en) Self-walking type fertilization, sowing and laminating all-in-one machine for saline and alkaline land
CN201898714U (en) Seeder
CN201528523U (en) Cotton seed accurate planter in saline-alkali soil
CN204968439U (en) Small -size corn drill with grain mechanism is given to intermittent type ration
CN203457522U (en) Hand-push type seeding and fertilizing machine
CN216567051U (en) Hole fertilizing seeder with stable and efficient fertilizer distributor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20130608