CN201846592U - No-tillage sowing-fertilizing machine - Google Patents

No-tillage sowing-fertilizing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201846592U
CN201846592U CN2010205413987U CN201020541398U CN201846592U CN 201846592 U CN201846592 U CN 201846592U CN 2010205413987 U CN2010205413987 U CN 2010205413987U CN 201020541398 U CN201020541398 U CN 201020541398U CN 201846592 U CN201846592 U CN 201846592U
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China
Prior art keywords
seeding
machine
assembly
tillage
support assembly
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205413987U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙永
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WEIFANG DAOCHENG ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WEIFANG DAOCHENG ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010205413987U priority Critical patent/CN201846592U/en
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Publication of CN201846592U publication Critical patent/CN201846592U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a no-tillage sowing-fertilizing machine, comprising a rack assembly. The front part of the rack assembly is provided with a rotary cultivator; the rear part of the rack assembly is provided with a sowing-fertilizing machine; two sides of the rack assembly in front of the rotary cultivator are respectively provided with a furrowing and ridging device assembly; the rack assembly behind the sowing-fertilizing machine is provided with a press wheel assembly; and a transmission device is arranged between the sowing-fertilizing machine and the press wheel assembly and is used for transmitting power generated by the rotation of a press wheel to the sowing-fertilizing machine. The no-tillage sowing-fertilizing machine disclosed by the utility model can be used for completing a plurality of agricultural processes of furrowing, ridging, rotary tillage, sowing, fertilizing, pressing and the like in one step, therefore multiple purposes with one machine are achieved; and because the operation frequency in the field is reduced, the soil compaction is alleviated, the natural structure of soil is maintained and the no-tillage protective farming is realized.

Description

No-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically, relates to a kind of no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine.
Background technology
Wheat, corn, soybean etc. are the main crops of China, its traditional planting patterns is to passing through multiple working procedures such as ridging, sowing, fertilising again after the intensive cultivation of full wafer soil, the farmland operation link is many, facility repeatedly enter the field, and soil has been destroyed the granular structure of soil by serious compacting, cause wind erosion, water erosion, operation consumption is big, and the cost height is of poor benefits.For realizing the sustainable development of agricultural, to advocate energetically in recent years conservation tillage is carried out in the farmland, this will become the inexorable trend of China's agricultural development.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: the defective that exists at traditional planting patterns provides a kind of no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine that can disposablely finish multinomial agronomy such as rotary tillage, trench digging, ridging, fertilising, sowing, suppression.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is: no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, comprise support assembly, and the front portion of described support assembly is provided with rotovator; The rear portion of described support assembly is provided with seeding and fertilizer spreading machine; The both sides of described rotovator the place ahead support assembly are respectively equipped with ditching ridge device assembly; On the support assembly of described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine rear packing wheel assembly is installed; Be provided with the transmission of power that is used for that press wheel is rotated between described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine and the described packing wheel assembly and give the transmission device of seeding and fertilizer spreading machine.
As optimized technical scheme, described ditching ridge device assembly comprises the plough that is connected with described support assembly by upright arm, and the upright arm of described plough is provided with the support ridger plate, and the top of described support ridger plate bends to oblique the place ahead.
As optimized technical scheme, described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine comprises the seed manure case; Be provided with the discharge dial in the described seed manure case; The bottom of described seed manure case is provided with fertilising pipe and discharging tube; Described discharge dial is corresponding with the position of described fertilising pipe and discharging tube; The bottom of described fertilising pipe is provided with applicator boot; The bottom of described discharging tube is provided with seeder.
As optimized technical scheme, the bottom of described applicator boot is lower than the bottom of described seeder.
As optimized technical scheme, the rear lower of described seeder is provided with the strickling device.
As optimized technical scheme, described strickling device is to be fixed on strickling pipe on the seeder or the strike-off stick that is obliquely installed.
As optimized technical scheme, described packing wheel assembly comprises a plurality of coaxial mounted press wheels; The end of the press wheel of close described support assembly both sides is provided with chamfering.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: because described no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine comprises support assembly, the front portion of described support assembly is provided with rotovator; The rear portion of described support assembly is provided with seeding and fertilizer spreading machine; The both sides of described rotovator the place ahead support assembly are respectively equipped with ditching ridge device assembly; On the support assembly of described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine rear packing wheel assembly is installed; Be provided with the transmission of power that is used for that press wheel is rotated between described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine and the described packing wheel assembly and give the transmission device of seeding and fertilizer spreading machine.The utility model is when operation, and by this no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine of tractor-drawn, tractor is given rotovator with transmission of power, and the soil of the loose sowing band of rotovator is created kind of a bed; In the complete machine traveling process, ditching ridge device assembly is finished trench digging, support ridger work; Packing wheel assembly rotates under the soil friction effect, applies fertilizer, sows by the actuator drives seeding and fertilizer spreading machine, finishes the suppression of soil operation simultaneously.No-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine of the present utility model once can be finished multinomial agronomy such as trench digging, ridging, rotary tillage, sowing, fertilising, suppression down, has realized the multipurposeization of a machine; Owing to reduced the operation number of times that enters the field, alleviated soil packing, kept the natural structure of soil, realized no-tillage conservation tillage.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Accompanying drawing is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Among the figure: the 1-Cardan shaft; 2-hanger bracket assembly; The 3-transmission assembly; 4-seed manure case; 5-discharge dial; The 6-seeding and fertilizer spreading machine; The 7-chain and sprocket driving device; The 8-packing wheel assembly; 9-wipes pipe off; The 10-seeder; The 11-applicator boot; The 12-rotovator; The 13-support assembly; 14-support ridger plate; The 15-plough.
Embodiment
As shown in drawings, no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine comprises support assembly 13, and the front portion of described support assembly 13 is provided with rotovator 12; The rear portion of described support assembly 13 is provided with seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6; The both sides of described rotovator 12 the place ahead support assemblies are respectively equipped with ditching ridge device assembly; On the described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6 rear support assemblies packing wheel assembly 8 is installed; Be provided with transmission device between described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6 and the described packing wheel assembly 8, described transmission device is a chain and sprocket driving device 7, and the transmission of power that is used for press wheel is rotated is given seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6.
Wherein, described ditching ridge device assembly comprises the plough 15 that is connected with described support assembly 13 by upright arm, the upright arm of described plough 15 is provided with support ridger plate 14, the top of described support ridger plate 14 bends to oblique the place ahead, guaranteeing that complete machine moves ahead finishes trench digging, attached ridge culture industry in the process, compare with the ditching ridge device of the support ridger disc format of common employing, can prevent to twine weeds, guarantee the complete machine operate as normal; The size of the degree of depth of wherein ditching and support ridger can be regulated as required.
Wherein, described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6 comprises seed manure case 4; Be provided with discharge dial 5 in the described seed manure case 4; The bottom of described seed manure case 4 is provided with fertilising pipe and discharging tube; Described discharge dial 5 is corresponding with the position of described fertilising pipe and discharging tube; The bottom of described fertilising pipe is provided with applicator boot 11; The bottom of described discharging tube is provided with seeder 10.The bottom of described applicator boot 11 is lower than the bottom of described seeder 10, preferably low 2~3cm, and fertilizer concentrates under the seedling band, helps giving full play to fertilizer efficiency.
Wherein, the rear lower of described seeder 10 is provided with the strickling device.Described strickling device is the strickling pipe 9 that is fixed on the seeder 10, also can be obliquely installed a strike-off stick, and this strickling device plays the effect of smooth seed, and is more neat after emerging.
Wherein, described packing wheel assembly 8 comprises a plurality of coaxial mounted press wheels, and press wheel plays the effect of suppression of soil sowing band; The end of two press wheels of close described support assembly both sides preferably is provided with chamfering, can play the effect of further support ridger.
The utility model is when operation, tractor is by hanger bracket assembly 2 these no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machines of traction, the power take-off of tractor is given rotovator 12 by Cardan shaft 1 and transmission assembly 3 with transmission of power, and the soil of rotovator 12 loose sowing bands is created kind of a bed; In the complete machine traveling process, ditching ridge device assembly is finished trench digging, support ridger work; Packing wheel assembly 8 rotates under the soil friction effect, applies fertilizer, sows by actuator drives seeding and fertilizer spreading machine 6, finishes the suppression of soil operation simultaneously.No-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine of the present utility model once can be finished multinomial agronomy such as trench digging, ridging, rotary tillage, sowing, fertilising, suppression down, has realized the multipurposeization of a machine; Owing to reduced the operation number of times that enters the field, alleviated soil packing, kept the natural structure of soil, realized no-tillage conservation tillage.

Claims (7)

1. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine comprises support assembly, it is characterized in that: the front portion of described support assembly is provided with rotovator; The rear portion of described support assembly is provided with seeding and fertilizer spreading machine; The both sides of described rotovator the place ahead support assembly are respectively equipped with ditching ridge device assembly; On the support assembly of described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine rear packing wheel assembly is installed; Be provided with the transmission of power that is used for that press wheel is rotated between described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine and the described packing wheel assembly and give the transmission device of seeding and fertilizer spreading machine.
2. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ditching ridge device assembly comprises the plough that is connected with described support assembly by upright arm, the upright arm of described plough is provided with the support ridger plate, and the top of described support ridger plate bends to oblique the place ahead.
3. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described seeding and fertilizer spreading machine comprises the seed manure case; Be provided with the discharge dial in the described seed manure case; The bottom of described seed manure case is provided with fertilising pipe and discharging tube; Described discharge dial is corresponding with the position of described fertilising pipe and discharging tube; The bottom of described fertilising pipe is provided with applicator boot; The bottom of described discharging tube is provided with seeder.
4. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: the bottom of described applicator boot is lower than the bottom of described seeder.
5. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: the rear lower of described seeder is provided with the strickling device.
6. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: described strickling device is to be fixed on strickling pipe on the seeder or the strike-off stick that is obliquely installed.
7. no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described packing wheel assembly comprises a plurality of coaxial mounted press wheels; The end of the press wheel of close described support assembly both sides is provided with chamfering.
CN2010205413987U 2010-09-19 2010-09-19 No-tillage sowing-fertilizing machine Expired - Fee Related CN201846592U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053248A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 华中农业大学 Rape-wheat direct sowing machine matched with hand tractor
CN105960863A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 河南豪丰农业装备有限公司 Self-propelled tobacco seeder
CN107466546A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-15 夏欣磊 A kind of small corn planter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053248A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 华中农业大学 Rape-wheat direct sowing machine matched with hand tractor
CN105960863A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 河南豪丰农业装备有限公司 Self-propelled tobacco seeder
CN107466546A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-15 夏欣磊 A kind of small corn planter

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110601

Termination date: 20150919

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model