CN205196278U - Accurate even machine of broadcasting of wheat narrow row - Google Patents

Accurate even machine of broadcasting of wheat narrow row Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205196278U
CN205196278U CN201520878545.2U CN201520878545U CN205196278U CN 205196278 U CN205196278 U CN 205196278U CN 201520878545 U CN201520878545 U CN 201520878545U CN 205196278 U CN205196278 U CN 205196278U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
seed
row
wheat
plough
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520878545.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦乃群
冀洪策
王颖
高敬伟
李符
郝迎春
赵海萍
陈英侠
郑业顺
孙立黎
赵颖丽
杨宝坤
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Dengzhou Agricultural Technology Promotion Center
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Dengzhou Agricultural Technology Promotion Center
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to an accurate even machine of broadcasting of wheat narrow row, including the frame, the grainbox is installed at the top of frame, and the lower part of frame is equipped with three rows of frame cross beam, the front end of frame is equipped with the connecting plate that links to each other with power device, and the rear end bottom of frame is equipped with the land wheel, the last a plurality of furrow opener of installing of frame cross beam, the grainbox bottom is equipped with a plurality of seed metering mouth, the seed metering ware is installed to the lower part of seed metering mouth, and the seed metering ware links to each other with kind of the mouth that advances on the furrow opener through the seed spout, and every row of frame cross beam goes up two adjacent furrow openers distances and is 30~32 centimetres, furrow opener among the three rows of frame cross beam does not vertically set up on same straight line, and the distance between the adjacent frame cross beam is 30~35 centimetres, have advantages such as simple structure, reasonable in design, sowing method simple accurate, the ripe easily popularization of seeding advanced technology.

Description

One grow wheat narrow row is precisely even broadcasts machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural machinery, is specifically related to that a grow wheat narrow row is precisely even broadcasts machine.
Background technology
For many years, in the exploration improving wheat yield, multiple depending on fertilising, the extermination of disease and insect pest, select the conventional cultivation technology such as improved seeds, and ignore innovation and the contribution of improvement to Wheat Production of agronomic measures.Facts have proved, the seeding method of wheat directly affects the seeding quality of wheat, larger to the yield effect of wheat.We are in Wheat Production practice, existing seeding method is torn open broadcast, go here and there that (ditch) is broadcast, broadcasted sowing, drilling, wide cut broadcast and carry out observation analysis with wide-and narrow-row, discovery cuts both ways: 1, tear open broadcast, go here and there (ditch) broadcast: this pattern is that in the past working condition is poor, labor animal power is few, the strain cropping pattern in shortage farm implements epoch, manually tear ditch or people and animals open to combine and to sow seeds sowing with plough string ditch, farming is extensive, is eliminated.2, broadcast sowing: be mound, hilllock unfertile land, non-irrigated condition, soil property is sticky heavy, easy flood is soaked, and the suitable cultivated phase is short, is difficult to farming, the objective condition such as, labor animal power poor by natural conditions is more nervous limit, and sow, raising the efficiency during in order to lose no time in sowing while there is sufficient moisture in the soil, do not miss farming season, a set of Technique of Broadcast Sowing that peasant just finds out in production practices, this seeding method is a kind of seeding method that peasant strains cultivation, and emergence rate is low, deep mixed, the growth of cereal crop seedlings is irregular, sowed dark, before the winter, wheat seeding is thin and weak; Sowed shallow, easily suffered freeze injury.But it is relatively uniform to broadcast sowing between wheat paddock seed distribution, can utilize space preferably, seedling stage nutritional sufficiency, illumination is abundant, more than 80% seed level is at 1-3 centimetre, and in ground, stem is short, and nutrient consumption of emerging is few, tillering node is sturdy, be conducive to tillering, thus ontogeny is better, tillers many, rate of tillering panicle is higher, and individual dominance is obvious.3, drilling: this pattern is current main conventional seed planting mode, line-spacing generally at 20-25cm, this mode, before the 1970s and 1980s in last century, water and fertilizer condition is poor, wheat growing way is weak, colony is little, and during per mu yield about 150 kilograms, the developing contradiction of individual and group is not given prominence to.Along with the continuous improvement of Wheat Production condition, the continuous renewal of kind, culture technique constantly perfect, wheat yield is also improving constantly, when wheat per mu yield bring up to very heavy more than time, every mu of need become fringe more than 400,000, such group structure, when line-spacing 20--25cm is constant, the relation of individual and group is coordinated by reducing Basic Seedling, not only wheat Self-regulation ability is limited, often due to many reasons such as working conditions, is difficult to realize.Under current Production of Large Fields condition, Basic Seedling is usually about 220,000, even higher, and in this case, the theoretical spacing in the rows of wheat is many at 1.3-1.6cm, and wheat is individual loose in the ranks, crowded in row, has had a strong impact on ontogeny.Original seeding method makes Wheat Production occur new contradiction to high yield, Super-high-yielding transformation, adds the difficulty of achieving higher output again.4, wide cut and wide-and narrow-row sowing: the derivative seeding method being drilling, serves production-increasing function to Wheat Production, but also have some limitations.As: wide cut seeding method has marginal effect, and the Wheat Development in the middle of sown scope, not as marginal wheat, has unbalanced phenomena, and the wheatland performance on the low side in fertility is obvious; Wide, narrow-row drilling, do not change the distance in row between seed, growth of cereal crop seedlings basis is bad, and seedling stage, field coverage rate was low, and light leak falls apart moisture in the soil, and utility rate of luminous energy is low, and be conducive to weeds in field and occur, mu mature spike number is not significantly increased.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be to overcome defect of the prior art and provide that a kind of structure is simple, reasonable in design, type of seeding is simple and easy to do, advanced and mature being easy to of seeding technique promote, this sower is by reducing line-spacing, expanding spacing in the rows, realize that wheat is precisely even to be broadcast, easily form strong sprout, resistance is outstanding, lodging resistance is strong, mu mature spike number is high and the significant grow wheat narrow row of increasing both production and income is precisely even broadcasts machine.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that and comprises frame, the top of frame is provided with seed-box, the bottom of frame is provided with three row's housiung separators, the front end of described frame is provided with the connecting plate be connected with power set, land wheel is provided with bottom the rear end of frame, described housiung separator is provided with several ploughs, several sowing ports are provided with bottom described seed-box, the bottom of described sowing port is provided with seeding unit, seeding unit is connected with the seed inlet on plough by grain tube, often arranging two adjacent plough distances on housiung separator is 30 ~ 32 centimetres, plough in described three row's housiung separators is not longitudinally arranged on same straight line, distance between adjacent rack crossbeam is 30 ~ 35 centimetres.
Preferably, several sowing ports described are at least a row, the bottom of sowing port is provided with the point being separately installed with seeding unit and plays kind of a bar, described broadcasting kind of a bar internal sleeve is equipped with program request turning cylinder, the side of described program request turning cylinder is provided with travelling gear, the side main shaft of land wheel is provided with driving gear, and described driving gear is connected with travelling gear by chain.
Preferably, the external peripheral surface of described land wheel is provided with several projections.
Preferably, described plough is one of sharp shovel type ditching machine with dual or disc-type furrow opener.
The grow wheat narrow row made according to such scheme is precisely even broadcasts machine, is playing suppression by arranging land wheel and can drive the accurate seeding of seeding unit while leveling land; By arranging several ploughs and corresponding layout, can realize that wheat is precisely even to be broadcast, realizing the even seedling of seedling and strengthening.Meanwhile, this cropping pattern field coverage rate is high, can reduce water consumpation evaporation, be beneficial to soil moisture conservation, crop smothering is light, and, can luminous energy be made full use of, effectively promote the generation of tillering and growth, Resistance of Wheat To Adversity is outstanding, lodging resistance is strong, mu mature spike number is high and increasing both production and income is remarkable; This sower has that structure is simple, reasonable in design, type of seeding is simple and easy to do, seeding technique is advanced and mature is easy to the advantages such as popularization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model rear end;
Fig. 3 is plough layout structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the interior schematic diagram of the utility model seed-box;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the utility model point plays kind of bar and program request turning cylinder.
Embodiment
In order to there be understanding clearly to technical characteristic of the present utility model, object and effect, now contrast accompanying drawing and embodiment of the present utility model is described, label identical in the various figures represents identical parts.For making simplified form, only schematically show the part relevant to utility model in each figure, they do not represent its practical structures as product.
As Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, shown in 5, the utility model comprises frame 1, the top of frame 1 is provided with seed-box 2, the bottom of frame 1 is provided with three row's housiung separators 3, the front end of described frame 1 is provided with the connecting plate 7 be connected with power set, land wheel 8 is provided with bottom the rear end of frame 1, described housiung separator 3 is provided with several ploughs 4, several sowing ports 5 are provided with bottom described seed-box 2, the bottom of described sowing port 5 is provided with seeding unit, seeding unit is connected with the seed inlet 6 on plough 4 by grain tube 15, often arranging two adjacent plough 4 distances on housiung separator 3 is 30 ~ 32 centimetres, plough 4 in described three row's housiung separators 3 is not longitudinally arranged on same straight line, distance between adjacent rack crossbeam 3 is 30 ~ 35 centimetres.Several sowing ports 5 described are at least a row, the bottom of sowing port 5 is provided with the point being separately installed with seeding unit and plays kind of a bar 9, described broadcasting kind of bar 9 internal sleeve is equipped with program request turning cylinder 10, the side of described program request turning cylinder 10 is provided with travelling gear 11, the side main shaft of land wheel 8 is provided with driving gear 12, and described driving gear 12 is connected with travelling gear 11 by chain 13.The external peripheral surface of described land wheel 8 is provided with several projections 14.Described plough 4 is one of sharp shovel type ditching machine with dual or disc-type furrow opener.
When using the utility model, this even machine of broadcasting is connected with power set by connecting plate 7, and be placed on by seed in seed-box 2, seed enters in sowing port 5 by Action of Gravity Field; Start power set drives this evenly to broadcast machine and land wheel 8 moves simultaneously, plough 4 is used for trench digging and sowing that this is even when broadcasting machine motion, the object of land wheel 8 is to suppress and leveling land, the external peripheral surface of land wheel 8 is provided with several projections 14 and can effectively prevents it from skidding, while land wheel 8 rotates, chain 13 is with nutating gear 11 to rotate, and is brought into by the seed entered in sowing port 5 to grain tube 15; The seed entered in grain tube 15 is sowed in soil eventually through the seed inlet 6 on plough 4.The utility model reaches repeatedly branch by plough 4, reduces line-spacing gradually, realizes the precisely even object broadcast.Point described in the utility model plays the form that kind of bar 9 is transfer roller or rotating disk, transfer roller or rotating disk is respectively equipped with some feed outlets, while transfer roller or dial rotation, the seed in feed outlet is entered in grain tube 15 smoothly, thus realizes precisely even broadcasting.
The utility model can be used for sowing wheat, because its line-spacing reduces, broadcast in band identical, equal to add sowing line number, if the even of 20 centimeters of line-spacings before still using broadcasts the amount of the soing with a drill regulation and control state modulator amount of broadcasting, the every mu of amount of broadcasting will strengthen at double, does not reach the precisely even object broadcast, seeding speed must be reduced by the actual line-spacing adjustment reduced, make every mu of actual amount of broadcasting reach plan seeding quantity.Such as: plan the every mu of amount of broadcasting 11 kilograms, if use the even of routine to broadcast kind of soing with a drill, by the sowing of line-spacing 20cm pattern, the mu amount of broadcasting controls the position that graduation indication (seeding speed parameter) will fix on 11 kilograms.And by narrow row apart from 10cm sowing, line-spacing reduces 1/2 than originally, the amount of broadcasting controls scale (chimes speed) instruction will adjust to 1/2 × 11 kilogram (5.5 kilograms), could keep the substantially identical of the mu amount of broadcasting.Note: because the thousand kernel weight of seed is different, the actual amount of broadcasting should be as the criterion to plan basic seedling amount, in conjunction with germination rate, soil moisture content etc. affect Seedling emergence rate because usually determining the actual amount of broadcasting.
First the utility model has enriched wheat cultivation mode, adds improving yield of wheat approach; The wheat cultivation mode that comprehensive collection China is existing, mainly contain: tear open broadcast, go here and there broadcast, drilling, broadcast sowing, wide cut is broadcast, wide-and narrow-row is broadcast, different seeding methods all with at that time, local working condition and yield level adapt, and use also has certain limitation.This pattern is the principle by drilling, and change Wide-row sowing is narrow-row drilling, meet to greatest extent seed in field equally distributed a kind of seeding method, meet the requirement of High-Yield Cultivation of Wheat basic theories, enrich wheat cultivation mode, workable, to raising wheat yield, there is facilitation.Secondly, supplemented wheat cultivation technology perfect, solved Wheat Production practical problem.Current, in Wheat Production, due to the change of cropping system and working condition, the amount of broadcasting phenomenon ubiquity greatly, usually causes Basic Seedling excessive.Conventional seed planting mode, in the ranks individual plant is crowded, causes individual plant depauperation, becomes to produce Three factors inharmonious, is difficult to realize high yield.And narrow-row drilling, when the mu amount of broadcasting is identical, increase spacing in the rows, provide sufficient nutrition and space to like this wheat individual plant, easily form strong sprout, Three factors is coordinated, and to solve in current Wheat Production the amount of broadcasting greatly, the problem of difficult high yield preferably.This seeder implement simple structure, is convenient to manufacture and promote.Manufacture the accurate Yun Bo building of narrow row, can transform the existing Yun Bo building frame promoted the use of, intrinsic main technical standards is constant, increase by one to two row's sowing row, plough is staggered front to back distribution, and seeding principle is constant, only the amount of broadcasting controling parameters standard is adjusted.Thus cost is not high, and, complex structure more with jumbo sower tool accessory is compared, and has obvious price advantage, is convenient to promote the use of.Last type of seeding is simple and easy to do, produces workable.Type of seeding is the same with conventional seed planting method simple and easy to do, stays a 30-40 centimetre neutral gear every about 2.5 meters.The tractor driver of general meeting conventional seed planting can operate, and production operation is very convenient, and seeding technique is simple, and the masses welcome, and is easy to accept.
Use the utility model to realize: 1, easily to form strong sprout, put up high yield basis.Seedling stage, individual plant was balanced in nutrition, ventilation and penetrating light, and individual plant is tillered many, tillered greatly many, and population of individuals is grown and coordinated, and produced and easily accomplished fluently high yield basis early stage.2, lodging resistance strengthens, and field crop smothering is light.Narrow row is precisely even broadcasts wheatland, and the even seedling of seedling is strengthened, and makes full use of luminous energy, and effectively promote the generation of tillering and growth, Wintering Period just can seal row, and not only bad for the occurring and damage of weeds, crop smothering is light, and can reduce water consumpation and evaporate, and is beneficial to soil moisture conservation, effectively utilizes moisture.Ontogeny is healthy and strong, and basal part of stem is sturdy, and capacity for the resistance to lodging obviously strengthens.On May 10th, 2015, there is strong convective weather in the city, fitful wind reaches more than 6 grades, causes part Wheat lodging, whole city's lodging area 17.6 ten thousand mu, and narrow row precisely even wheatland of broadcasting all do not occur lodging phenomenon showing obvious lodging resistance.3, Three factors is coordinated, and mu mature spike number is high, and increasing both production and income is remarkable.This seeding method, becoming to produce Three factors can fully develop in harmony, and mu Cheng Suineng reaches the kind rational colony upper limit, increase yield significantly.According to test and field demonstration, general mu Cheng Suike reaches 43-45 ten thousand, and grain number per spike is at 32-35 grain, and large-spike cultivar grain number per spike can reach more than 38, general per mu yield can reach very heavy more than, than general large field volume increase 75-100 kilogram.
In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, orientation or the position relationship of term " top ", " bottom ", " front end ", " end " etc. instruction are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of the device of instruction or hint indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " installation ", " being connected ", " being provided with " etc. should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, connecting integratedly, also can be removably connect; Also can be the connection of two element internals; Can be directly be connected; also indirectly can be connected by intermediary; for the ordinary skill in the art; can understand the detailed description above of the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model is as the case may be only illustrating for feasibility embodiment of the present utility model; they are also not used to limit protection domain of the present utility model, allly do not depart from equivalent implementations that the utility model skill spirit does, change and transformation all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a grow wheat narrow row is precisely even broadcasts machine, comprise frame (1), it is characterized in that: the top of frame (1) is provided with seed-box (2), the bottom of frame (1) is provided with three row's housiung separators (3), the front end of described frame (1) is provided with the connecting plate (7) be connected with power set, land wheel (8) is provided with bottom the rear end of frame (1), described housiung separator (3) is provided with several ploughs (4), described seed-box (2) bottom is provided with several sowing ports (5), the bottom of described sowing port (5) is provided with seeding unit, seeding unit is connected with the seed inlet (6) on plough (4) by grain tube (15), often arranging upper two adjacent plough (4) distances of housiung separator (3) is 30 ~ 32 centimetres, plough (4) in described three rows' housiung separator (3) is not longitudinally arranged on same straight line, distance between adjacent rack crossbeam (3) is 30 ~ 35 centimetres.
2. a grow wheat narrow row according to claim 1 is precisely even broadcasts machine, it is characterized in that: described several sowing ports (5) are at least a row, the bottom of sowing port (5) is provided with the point being separately installed with seeding unit and plays kind of a bar (9), described broadcasting kind of bar (9) internal sleeve is equipped with program request turning cylinder (10), the side of described program request turning cylinder (10) is provided with travelling gear (11), the side main shaft of land wheel (8) is provided with driving gear (12), described driving gear (12) is connected with travelling gear (11) by chain (13).
3. a grow wheat narrow row according to claim 1 is precisely even broadcasts machine, it is characterized in that: the external peripheral surface of described land wheel (8) is provided with several projections (14).
4. a grow wheat narrow row according to claim 1 is precisely even broadcasts machine, it is characterized in that: described plough (4) is one of sharp shovel type ditching machine with dual or disc-type furrow opener.
CN201520878545.2U 2015-10-29 2015-10-29 Accurate even machine of broadcasting of wheat narrow row Expired - Fee Related CN205196278U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106664903A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-17 华中农业大学 Novel bead chain casing type multi-row single grain seed sowing device
CN107873191A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-06 铜陵汇宇实业有限公司 A kind of novel pneumatic seeder
CN109168356A (en) * 2018-08-25 2019-01-11 许明 A kind of cultivated seeder of wheat narrow row line
CN112262722B (en) * 2020-10-21 2023-08-15 呼伦贝尔市农牧科学研究所 Cultivation method for improving soybean yield potential

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106664903A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-17 华中农业大学 Novel bead chain casing type multi-row single grain seed sowing device
CN107873191A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-06 铜陵汇宇实业有限公司 A kind of novel pneumatic seeder
CN109168356A (en) * 2018-08-25 2019-01-11 许明 A kind of cultivated seeder of wheat narrow row line
CN109168356B (en) * 2018-08-25 2021-12-28 滨州市草原锦茂牧业有限公司 Wheat narrow row line tillage seeder
CN112262722B (en) * 2020-10-21 2023-08-15 呼伦贝尔市农牧科学研究所 Cultivation method for improving soybean yield potential

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160504

Termination date: 20191029

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee