CN103098592B - Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower - Google Patents

Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103098592B
CN103098592B CN201310051534.2A CN201310051534A CN103098592B CN 103098592 B CN103098592 B CN 103098592B CN 201310051534 A CN201310051534 A CN 201310051534A CN 103098592 B CN103098592 B CN 103098592B
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China
Prior art keywords
seed
frame
ridge
applicator boot
fertilizer
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310051534.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103098592A (en
Inventor
卜一
李尽朝
白大鹂
王欣欣
李树新
唐超
彭立强
路耿新
雷雨田
刘树清
康久东
王久春
边丽梅
柴晓娇
李炳海
李万智
陈景民
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CHIFENG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY SCIENCES
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CHIFENG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY SCIENCES
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Priority to CN201310051534.2A priority Critical patent/CN103098592B/en
Publication of CN103098592A publication Critical patent/CN103098592A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103098592B publication Critical patent/CN103098592B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower, it comprises frame, above frame, install seed-box and fertilizer can, below frame, equidistantly install the Working mechanism on 1 ~ 6 ridge, the Working mechanism on every bar ridge comprises an applicator boot, two seed openers and a Repressing roller; An applicator boot on every bar ridge is arranged on the front portion of frame, and two seed openers are arranged on the rear portion of applicator boot, and a Repressing roller is arranged on the rear portion of two seed openers; Each applicator boot is communicated with a fertilizer-shaking device arranged bottom fertilizer can by defertilizing tube; Each seed opener is communicated with a sowing implement arranged bottom seed-box by discharging tube; Described fertilizer-shaking device is connected by the driving of suppression axle, sprocket wheel, chain and power transmission shaft by Repressing roller with sowing implement.Its structure is simple, begin evenly, the depth is consistent, operation quality good, can realize large-ridge double-row sowing.

Description

Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, especially a kind of Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower.
Background technology
Buckwheat belongs to the plant of buckwheat, and plant height 60 ~ 100 centimetres, reaches as high as 150 cm, and stem joint axil can grow one-level branch, and one-level branch axil can grow second branch, can grow three grades of branches under good cultivation condition.At the growing area in 1 year season of the north, generally sow to early June in late May, owing to there is no special Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower, generally all adopt power single line sowing machine to carry out the sowing of micro-ridge single file.The shortcoming of micro-ridge single file sowing is: 1) buckwheat enters squaring period, and due to increasing of branch, enclose furrow, ventilation and penetrating light is bad, affect the nourishing and growing of buckwheat, reproductive growth and honeybee pollination activity, ripening rate reduction.2) intertillage fertilising operation can not be carried out, have a strong impact on buckwheat output.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower is provided, its structure is simple, begin evenly, the depth is consistent, operation quality good, can realize large-ridge double-row sowing.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower, it comprises frame, seed-box and fertilizer can are installed above frame, below frame, equidistantly install the Working mechanism on 1 ~ 6 ridge, the Working mechanism on every bar ridge all comprises applicator boot, seed opener and Repressing roller; It is characterized in that: the Working mechanism on every bar ridge comprises an applicator boot, two seed openers and a Repressing roller; An applicator boot on every bar ridge is arranged on the front portion of frame, and two seed openers are arranged on the rear portion of applicator boot, and a Repressing roller is arranged on the rear portion of two seed openers; Each applicator boot is communicated with a fertilizer-shaking device arranged bottom fertilizer can by defertilizing tube; Each seed opener is communicated with a sowing implement arranged bottom seed-box by discharging tube; Described fertilizer-shaking device is connected by the driving of suppression axle, sprocket wheel, chain and power transmission shaft by Repressing roller with sowing implement.
Further, the Working mechanism on 3 ~ 4 ridges is equidistantly installed below frame.
Further, the level interval between applicator boot is 40 centimetres ~ 50 centimetres, and two seed opener level intervals that same applicator boot is installed below are 3 centimetres ~ 8 centimetres.
Further, described applicator boot is wing shovel type ditching machine with dual.Trench digging width of digging can reach 10 ~ 20 centimetres, and it also has stubble-cleaning, weeding and loosening function except having ditching-fertilizing function.
Further, described seed opener is double-disk seed opener or sliding cutter type seed opener.Its amount of digging is little, ensures that seed falls into the wet soil layer of Suitable depth, and seed can realize automatic earthing after falling in ditch.
Further, described applicator boot is arranged on frame front by sleeve pipe, column and holding screw.
Further, described seed opener is fixed on the both sides of sowing frame, and the front end of sowing frame is hinged on sleeve pipe, and the rear end of sowing frame is connected in frame by damper.
Further, install two support arms in the both sides, rear portion of frame by bearing pin and damping, two support arms are installed a suppression axle, the Repressing roller on every bar ridge is all fixed on suppression axle.
The present invention compared to the prior art its advantage is:
1) below frame, equidistantly install the Working mechanism on 1 ~ 6 ridge, the Working mechanism on every bar ridge comprises an applicator boot, two seed openers and a Repressing roller; Large-ridge double-row buckwheat seeding operation can be realized.
2) its structure is simple, required drive is little, tractive resistance is little, can once complete no-tillage fertilizing seeding operation, and begin evenly, the depth is consistent, seeding quality good, operating cost is low.
3) further, described applicator boot is wing shovel type ditching machine with dual.Trench digging width of digging can reach 10 ~ 20 centimetres, for this late-autumn crops crop of buckwheat, can remove the weeds germinateed in furrow at seeding time, is conducive to buckwheat growth.
4) Repressing roller is arranged on the rear portion of two seed openers, and the seed compacting of being sowed by duplicate rows is fixed, and prevents a line that completes, really accomplishes large-ridge double-row.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower of the present invention left anterior-superior part view stereo structural representation;
Fig. 2 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat of the present invention sower left front below view stereo structural representation;
Fig. 3 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower of the present invention removes the perspective view after seed-box, fertilizer can, defertilizing tube and discharging tube;
The applicator boot of Fig. 4 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower of the present invention, seed opener, sowing frame and Repressing roller overlook view.
In Fig. 1: 1-frame, 2-seed-box, 3-fertilizer can, 4-applicator boot, 5-seed opener, 6-Repressing roller, 7-defertilizing tube, 8-fertilizer-shaking device, 9-discharging tube, 10-sowing implement, 11-suppresses axle, 12-sprocket wheel, 13-chain, 14-power transmission shaft, 15-sleeve pipe, 16-column, 17-holding screw, 18-sows frame, 19-damper, 20-bearing pin, 21-damping, 22-support arm.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, a kind of Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower, it comprises frame 1, seed-box 2 and fertilizer can 3 are installed above frame 1, below frame 1, equidistantly install the Working mechanism on 3 ridges, the Working mechanism on every bar ridge comprises an applicator boot 4, two seed openers 5 and a Repressing roller 6; An applicator boot 4 on every bar ridge is arranged on the front portion of frame 1, and two seed openers 5 are arranged on the rear portion of applicator boot 4, and a Repressing roller 6 is arranged on the rear portion of two seed openers 5; Each applicator boot 4 is communicated with a fertilizer-shaking device 8 arranged bottom fertilizer can 3 by defertilizing tube 8; Each seed opener 5 is communicated with a sowing implement 10 arranged bottom seed-box 2 by discharging tube 9; Described fertilizer-shaking device 8 and sowing implement 10 drive connection by Repressing roller 6 by suppression axle 11, sprocket wheel 12, chain 13 and power transmission shaft 14.Level interval between applicator boot 4 is 45 centimetres, and two seed opener 5 level intervals that same applicator boot 4 is installed below are 5 centimetres.Described applicator boot 4 is wing shovel type ditching machine with duals.Described seed opener 5 is sliding cutter type seed openers.It is anterior that described applicator boot 4 is arranged on frame 1 by sleeve pipe 15, column 16 and holding screw 17.Described seed opener 5 is fixed on the both sides of sowing frame 18, and the front end of sowing frame 18 is hinged on sleeve pipe 15, and the rear end of sowing frame 18 is connected in frame 1 by damper 19.Installed by bearing pin 20 and damping 21 in the both sides, rear portion of frame 1 on two support arms, 22, two support arms 22 and install a suppression axle 11, the Repressing roller 6 on every bar ridge is all fixed on this suppression axle 11.
The content of above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention; but not limiting the scope of the invention; the simple modification that those of ordinary skill in the art carries out technical scheme of the present invention or equivalently to replace, does not all depart from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower, it comprises frame, installs seed-box and fertilizer can above frame, and below frame, equidistantly install the Working mechanism on 1 ~ 6 ridge, the Working mechanism on every bar ridge all comprises applicator boot, seed opener and Repressing roller; It is characterized in that: the Working mechanism on every bar ridge comprises an applicator boot, two seed openers and a Repressing roller; An applicator boot on every bar ridge is arranged on the front portion of frame, and two seed openers are arranged on the rear portion of applicator boot, and a Repressing roller is arranged on the rear portion of two seed openers; Each applicator boot is communicated with a fertilizer-shaking device arranged bottom fertilizer can by defertilizing tube; Each seed opener is communicated with a sowing implement arranged bottom seed-box by discharging tube; Described fertilizer-shaking device is connected by the driving of suppression axle, sprocket wheel, chain and power transmission shaft by Repressing roller with sowing implement; Level interval between applicator boot is 40 centimetres ~ 50 centimetres, and two seed opener level intervals that same applicator boot is installed below are 3 centimetres ~ 8 centimetres; Described applicator boot is wing shovel type ditching machine with dual, and described seed opener is double-disk seed opener or sliding cutter type seed opener.
2. Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described applicator boot is arranged on frame front by sleeve pipe, column and holding screw.
3. Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described seed opener is fixed on the both sides of sowing frame, and the front end of sowing frame is hinged on sleeve pipe, and the rear end of sowing frame is connected in frame by damper.
4. Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: by bearing pin and damping, two support arms are installed in the both sides, rear portion of frame, two support arms are installed a suppression axle, the Repressing roller on every bar ridge is all fixed on suppression axle.
CN201310051534.2A 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat sower Expired - Fee Related CN103098592B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103098592B true CN103098592B (en) 2016-02-10

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104067707A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-10-01 李连 Fixing device of garden seeder
CN105210506A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-01-06 安徽兆鑫集团农机制造有限公司 A kind of preventing is wound around the sower shoveling post
CN105638046A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-06-08 威宁县燎原农机专业合作社 Adjustable buckwheat seeder
CN105723885B (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-08-24 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Individual profiling duplicate rows mung bean seeder
CN109644795A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-04-19 山西省农业科学院右玉农业试验站 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat cultural method
CN114303538B (en) * 2022-01-06 2022-10-28 山西农业大学 Buckwheat deep and shallow row seeder and seeding and weed prevention method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3837022A1 (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-05-03 Amazonen Werke Dreyer H COMBINED AGRICULTURAL DISTRIBUTION MACHINE
CN2273490Y (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-02-04 张志荣 Multi-function sowing machine
CN2616021Y (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-05-19 赵玉茹 Multifunctional seeder
CN201191979Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-02-11 张贵良 Double-row multifunctional combination seeder
CN202652845U (en) * 2012-06-10 2013-01-09 赵玉茹 Non-tillage profiling precision seeding machine
CN203027687U (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-07-03 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat seeding machine

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2674824Y (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-02-02 丽江市农业机械研究所 Lurking double wing shovel ploughshare combined type broad breadth drill ditcher

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3837022A1 (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-05-03 Amazonen Werke Dreyer H COMBINED AGRICULTURAL DISTRIBUTION MACHINE
CN2273490Y (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-02-04 张志荣 Multi-function sowing machine
CN2616021Y (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-05-19 赵玉茹 Multifunctional seeder
CN201191979Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-02-11 张贵良 Double-row multifunctional combination seeder
CN202652845U (en) * 2012-06-10 2013-01-09 赵玉茹 Non-tillage profiling precision seeding machine
CN203027687U (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-07-03 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Large-ridge double-row buckwheat seeding machine

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Granted publication date: 20160210

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