CN203788665U - Finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine - Google Patents

Finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203788665U
CN203788665U CN201420211661.4U CN201420211661U CN203788665U CN 203788665 U CN203788665 U CN 203788665U CN 201420211661 U CN201420211661 U CN 201420211661U CN 203788665 U CN203788665 U CN 203788665U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seeding
chain
finger
sowing
sprocket wheel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420211661.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张爱国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Jie Nong Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Tianjin Jie Nong Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420211661.4U priority Critical patent/CN203788665U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203788665U publication Critical patent/CN203788665U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of sowing machines, and particularly relates to a finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine which comprises a rack, anti-winding ditchers, sowing assemblies, a transmission mechanism, a speed changing box and a speed changing box pull plate. The speed changing box pull plate and the sowing assemblies are arranged on the upper side of the rack, the anti-winding ditchers are arranged on the lower side of the rack, the transmission mechanism and the speed changing box are arranged among the sowing assemblies, and each sowing assembly comprises a land wheel, a land wheel shaft, a wear-resistant sleeve, a soil coverer, a ditcher, a seeder, a ditching tip, a seed conveying pipe joint, an anti-winding roller, a bearing hole chain wheel, a connecting shaft disc, a support, a seed box, a seed box cover, a seed conveying pipe, a chain box, a depth limiting mechanism and a pull rod. The finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine is uniform in sowing, adjustable in hole distance and high in seeding emergence rate.

Description

Finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn
Technical field
The utility model belongs to sower field, relates in particular to a kind of finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn.
Background technology
At present, sower conventionally with tractor operation, mainly crop seeds is seated in soil and covers with soil, this machine seeding method not only can reduce peasant's labour intensity greatly, and the operating efficiency sowed of raising.Existing most corn drill only can carry out the activity of single sowing, and very easily occurs that disconnected ridge is short of seedling, and causes difficulty to the plantation of corn.For example: Chinese patent 201310345446.3.0 discloses a kind of corn drill, comprise main frame, sub-frame and be arranged on the three point linkage assembly on main frame, three point linkage assembly hangs and is connected with tractor, running part comprises the Cardan shaft, the gear reduction transmission case that connect tractor motive power output shaft, has a lot of problems when the actual use of corn drill of this structure:
1, in seeding process, may there is uneven sowing, problem that seed consumption is large; Body itself cannot change cave distance voluntarily, can not realize flexible modulation plantation spacing.
2, frame adopts the welding manner of framework entirety, monomer and the frame of sowing are rigidly connected by U-bolt, earth's surface occurs not at ordinary times, this machine just can not ensure the degree of depth of sowing, earth's surface eminence sowing depth is large, earth's surface lower sowing depth is little and may sow to earth's surface, is prone to kind of the phenomenon of drying in the air, and has greatly reduced emergence rate.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn, solving the uneven sowing that proposes in above-mentioned background technology, can not change cave apart from, problem that emergence rate is low.
The technical problem that the utility model solves realizes by the following technical solutions: the utility model provides a kind of finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn, comprises frame, and described frame upside is provided with gearbox arm-tie, sowing assembly, downside is provided with anti-tangle plough, between described sowing assembly, is provided with transmission mechanism, gearbox, described sowing assembly comprises land wheel, land axle, wear-resistant sleeve, covering device, plough, seeding unit, trench digging point, grain tube joint, anti-tangle rolling, dead eye sprocket wheel, coupling disc, support, seed-box, plant case lid, grain tube, chain cover, depth-limiting mechanism, pull bar, there is wear-resistant sleeve in described land wheel outside, there is land axle inner side, described land axle is connected with frame by pull bar, and described land wheel is connected with frame by chain cover, and described covering device is connected with plough, described plough upside is provided with seeding unit, right side is provided with trench digging point, on described trench digging point, is provided with anti-tangle rolling, and is provided with dead eye sprocket wheel in described frame, coupling disc, depth-limiting mechanism, seed-box, is provided with kind of a case lid above described seed-box, be provided with grain tube below, and described grain tube is connected with seeding unit by grain tube joint, described transmission mechanism comprises differential sprocket wheel, chain, dead eye sprocket wheel, diplopore six square shafts, universal joint, six square shaft support sets, single hole six square shafts, six square shafts, fertilizer expelling shaft, row fat sprocket, fertilising chain, duplicate sprocket, seeding sprocket wheel, seeding chain, described differential sprocket wheel is connected with chain, described dead eye sprocket wheel is connected with duplicate sprocket by chain, described fertilizer expelling shaft is connected with row fat sprocket by fertilising chain, and described seeding sprocket wheel is connected with seeding unit by seeding chain.
Described sowing assembly number is 3.
Described anti-tangle plough number is 3.
Described seeding unit number is 3.
Described land wheel number is 3.
Described land axle number is 3.
Described wear-resistant sleeve number is 3.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the utility model can be selected the two grain Precision Seeding of no-tillage ground or three refined seeding corn patterns, can row replacement grains chemical fertilizer, once complete ditching-fertilizing, open the operations such as kind of a ditch, sowing, earthing, suppression, two row machines add paving Mo mechanism can complete plastic mulching, increases work efficiency greatly, sows flexibility.
2, seeding unit mechanism design of the present utility model is reasonable, seeding accuracy is high, and the qualified index of grain number reaches more than 90%.
3, the utility model adopts normal direction to fill kind, can high speed operation, and in the time that spacing in the rows is not less than 20 centimetres, operating speed can reach 8 to 10 kilometers/hour, has greatly improved sowing efficiency.
4, sowing assembly of the present utility model is equipped with and prevents wheat straw wind, and while having avoided the operation of double-cropped summer sowing ground, wheat straw is wound around, and improves speed of drilling.
5, each row power transmission shaft of the present utility model is connected, unified driving, rotating speed one to, transfer motion power is large, even if wherein the land wheel of a line accidentally skids, do not affect this row yet and normally sow, reduce fault rate.
6, entire machine of the present utility model changes spacing in the rows by unique gearbox, can produce six kinds of spacing in the rows, as long as change gearbox gearratio, just each distance between rows and hills of entire machine can be changed, and has improved regulative mode convenience.
7, gearbox operation hand lever of the present utility model can be controlled simultaneously and swings wheel radial pendulum and move axially swift and convenient to operate, dependable performance.
8, the utility model adopts scraper type covering device, more soil can be scraped into kind of a ditch, has avoided the phenomenon of basking seeds, and improves survival rate.
9, defertilizing box of the present utility model separates with blocking wheel, has reduced to block the wearing and tearing of wheel, has improved fertilising precision.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is sowing assembly structure chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is transmission mechanism structure chart of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further:
In figure: 1-frame, the anti-tangle plough of 2-, 3-sows assembly, 4-transmission mechanism, 5-gearbox, 6-gearbox arm-tie, 7-land wheel, 8-land axle, 9-wear-resistant sleeve, 10-covering device, 11-plough, 12-seeding unit, 13-ditches sharp, 14-grain tube joint, 15-is anti-tangle to be rolled, 16-dead eye sprocket wheel, 17-coupling disc, 18-support, 19-seed-box, 20-kind case lid, 21-grain tube, 22-chain cover, 23-depth-limiting mechanism, 24-pull bar, 25-differential sprocket wheel, 26-chain, 27-diplopore six square shafts, 28-universal joint, 29-six square shaft support sets, 30-single hole six square shafts, 31-six square shafts, 32-fertilizer expelling shaft, 33-row fat sprocket, the 34-chain that applies fertilizer, 35-duplicate sprocket, 36-seeding sprocket wheel, 37-seeding chain.
Embodiment:
The present embodiment comprises frame 1, anti-tangle plough 2, sowing assembly 3, transmission mechanism 4, gearbox 5, gearbox arm-tie 6, described frame 1 upside is provided with gearbox arm-tie 6, sowing assembly 3, downside is provided with anti-tangle plough 2, between described sowing assembly 3, is provided with transmission mechanism 4, gearbox 5, described sowing assembly 3 comprises land wheel 7, land axle 8, wear-resistant sleeve 9, covering device 10, plough 11, seeding unit 12, trench digging point 13, grain tube joint 14, anti-tanglely roll 15, dead eye sprocket wheel 16, coupling disc 17, support 18, seed-box 19, plant case lid 20, grain tube 21, chain cover 22, depth-limiting mechanism 23, pull bar 24, there is wear-resistant sleeve 9 in described land wheel 7 outsides, there is land axle 8 inner side, described land axle 8 is connected with frame 18 by pull bar 24, and described land wheel 7 is connected with frame 18 by chain cover 22, and described covering device 10 is connected with plough 11, described plough 11 upsides are provided with seeding unit 12, right side is provided with trench digging point 13, is provided with anti-tanglely to roll 15 on described trench digging sharp 13, in described frame 18, is provided with dead eye sprocket wheel 16, coupling disc 17, depth-limiting mechanism 23, seed-box 19, described seed-box 19 is provided with kind of case lid 20 above, is provided with grain tube 21 below, and described grain tube 21 is connected with seeding unit 12 by grain tube joint 14, described transmission mechanism 4 comprises differential sprocket wheel 25, chain 26, diplopore six square shafts 27, universal joint 28, six square shaft support sets 29, single hole six square shafts 30, six square shafts 31, fertilizer expelling shaft 32, row fat sprocket 33, fertilising chain 34, duplicate sprocket 35, seeding sprocket wheel 36, seeding chain 37, described differential sprocket wheel 25 is connected with chain 26, described dead eye sprocket wheel 16 is connected with duplicate sprocket 35 by chain 26, described fertilizer expelling shaft 32 is connected with row fat sprocket 33 by fertilising chain 34, and described seeding sprocket wheel 36 is connected with seeding unit 12 by seeding chain 37.
Gearbox 5 is adjusted line-spacing, spacing in the rows, plough 11 is adjusted sowing depth, seeding unit 12 is adjusted seeding quantity, seed is poured in seed-box 19, start sower, anti-tangle plough 2 is to the ground surface soil ditch of turning up the soil, and seed is placed in trench by seeding unit 12, by covering device 10, seed is buried again, then by land wheel 7, loosening the soil after burying carried out to gland.
Utilize technical scheme described in the utility model, or those skilled in the art being under the inspiration of technical solutions of the utility model, designs similar technical scheme, and reaching above-mentioned technique effect, is all to fall into protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn, is characterized in that: comprise frame, described frame upside is provided with gearbox arm-tie, sowing assembly, downside is provided with anti-tangle plough, between described sowing assembly, is provided with transmission mechanism, gearbox, described sowing assembly comprises land wheel, land axle, wear-resistant sleeve, covering device, plough, seeding unit, trench digging point, grain tube joint, anti-tangle rolling, dead eye sprocket wheel, coupling disc, support, seed-box, plant case lid, grain tube, chain cover, depth-limiting mechanism, pull bar, there is wear-resistant sleeve in described land wheel outside, there is land axle inner side, described land axle is connected with frame by pull bar, and described land wheel is connected with frame by chain cover, and described covering device is connected with plough, described plough upside is provided with seeding unit, right side is provided with trench digging point, on described trench digging point, is provided with anti-tangle rolling, and is provided with dead eye sprocket wheel in described frame, coupling disc, depth-limiting mechanism, seed-box, is provided with kind of a case lid above described seed-box, be provided with grain tube below, and described grain tube is connected with seeding unit by grain tube joint, described transmission mechanism comprises differential sprocket wheel, chain, dead eye sprocket wheel, diplopore six square shafts, universal joint, six square shaft support sets, single hole six square shafts, six square shafts, fertilizer expelling shaft, row fat sprocket, fertilising chain, duplicate sprocket, seeding sprocket wheel, seeding chain, described differential sprocket wheel is connected with chain, described dead eye sprocket wheel is connected with duplicate sprocket by chain, described fertilizer expelling shaft is connected with row fat sprocket by fertilising chain, and described seeding sprocket wheel is connected with seeding unit by seeding chain.
2. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sowing assembly number is 3.
3. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described anti-tangle plough number is 3.
4. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described seeding unit number is 3.
5. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described land wheel number is 3.
6. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described land axle number is 3.
7. finger-clipped precise seeding machine of corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wear-resistant sleeve number is 3.
CN201420211661.4U 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine Expired - Fee Related CN203788665U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420211661.4U CN203788665U (en) 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420211661.4U CN203788665U (en) 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Finger-clamp-type precision corn sowing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203788665U true CN203788665U (en) 2014-08-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107750533A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-06 贵州省山地农业机械研究所 Job's tears precision drill
CN112690068A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic calibration control system and control method for seeding quantity and fertilizing quantity of precision seeder
CN112698597A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic control system and control method for seeder

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107750533A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-06 贵州省山地农业机械研究所 Job's tears precision drill
CN107750533B (en) * 2017-10-20 2021-03-02 贵州省山地农业机械研究所 Precision hill planter for coix
CN112690068A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic calibration control system and control method for seeding quantity and fertilizing quantity of precision seeder
CN112698597A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic control system and control method for seeder
CN112690068B (en) * 2020-12-23 2022-03-11 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic calibration control system and control method for seeding quantity and fertilizing quantity of precision seeder

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140827

Termination date: 20150428

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model