CN203735015U - No-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton - Google Patents

No-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203735015U
CN203735015U CN201420142710.3U CN201420142710U CN203735015U CN 203735015 U CN203735015 U CN 203735015U CN 201420142710 U CN201420142710 U CN 201420142710U CN 203735015 U CN203735015 U CN 203735015U
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
box
seed
overlay film
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420142710.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马根众
苏洪忠
胡文芳
武体新
童涵
赵忠志
王博
陈恩明
刘科
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苏洪忠
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Priority to CN201420142710.3U priority Critical patent/CN203735015U/en
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Publication of CN203735015U publication Critical patent/CN203735015U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a no-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton, comprising a suspension bracket and a rack, wherein a gear box, a fertilizer box and a seed box are arranged at the upper part of the rack; a rotary blade, a deep-scarification fertilizing shovel, a disk coulter and a bucket wheel type seed sowing device are mounted at the lower part of the rack; land wheels are mounted on two sides of the lower part of the rack; axle of the land wheels is connected with a transmission chain which is matched with the bucket wheel type seed sowing device and the fertilizer box; a fertilizing device is arranged at the bottom of the fertilizer box; a mulching bracket is arranged at the rear part of the rack; a mulching coulter, a mulching shaft, a film pressing wheel and a soil cover are sequentially mounted at the lower part of the mulching bracket from the front to the back. According to the no-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton, the rotary blade cuts off weeds and straws in the field to enable the same to be natural fertilizer; the plot is deep scarified by the deep-scarification fertilizing shovel, and meanwhile fertilizing operation is performed, and fertilizing amount is in normal distribution along with difference of the depths; seeds directly drop to seedbeds through space of the disk coulter, the seeds and fertilizer are not in a same vertical plane, so that the fertilizer is ensured to be slowly released, the underground loss of fertilizer is reduced, and the production cost is lowered.

Description

The one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, is exactly the no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton.
Background technology
Cotton film-covering sower is the common equipment of agricultural production, existing cotton film-covering sower has overlay film, sowing function, but in straw-returning or the more location of weeds and throughout the year in the plot of rotary tillage process, because topsoil is more shallow, tillage pan is thicker, mulch sowing can't meet the quality requirement, and cannot meet the needs of Cotton Production.After sowing, in order to make cotton normal growth, also to carry out single-dose application operation, the course of work is numerous and diverse, and after fertilising, fertilizer is exposed on earth's surface, run off serious, diminution of fertility.
Utility model content
For addressing the above problem, the purpose of this utility model is to provide the no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, and can remove weeds in field, stalk, improves compound film quality, completes profound fertilising operation simultaneously.
The utility model for achieving the above object, be achieved through the following technical solutions: the no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, comprise hanger bracket and frame, installation frame on hanger bracket, upper rack sets gradually gearbox from front to back, fertilizer can and seed-box, the bottom of frame is installed rotary blade from front to back successively, subsoiling fertilizer application spade, disk coulter and bucket wheel type seeding unit, land wheel is installed in frame lower both sides, the wheel shaft connection for transmission chain of land wheel, driving chain and bucket wheel type seeding unit, fertilizer can coordinates, fertilizer can bottom arranges fertilizer apparatus, under fertilizer apparatus, connect fertilizer delivering pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe lower end connects fertilising pipe, fertilising pipe is welded on subsoiling fertilizer application spade, fertilising pipe is offered several openings from top to bottom, bucket wheel type seeding unit top coordinates with seed-box, the rear portion of frame arranges overlay film frame, overlay film frame bottom is installed overlay film plough from front to back successively, overlay film axle, pressing wheel and soil support device.
For further realizing the purpose of this utility model, can also be by the following technical solutions: on the outer wall of described seed-box, motor is set, the shaft of level is set in seed-box, one end of shaft connects the output shaft of motor, the other end of shaft coordinates with the inwall of seed-box, between the other end of shaft and seed-box, bearing is set, shaft periphery arranges several paddles.Bottom in described seed-box arranges the air inlet pipe of level, and air inlet pipe top sets out pore, and seed-box is stretched out in one end of air inlet pipe, stretches out one end connecting fan of seed-box.On the pore of described air inlet pipe, screen pack is set.The top of described seed-box arranges upper cover, and upper cover is latticed.
The utility model has the advantage of: the utility model is by weeds, the stalk in rotary blade sliding trackle field, make weeds, stalk become natural fertilizers, by subsoiling fertilizer application spade, subsoiling is carried out in plot, the operation of simultaneously applying fertilizer, fertilizing amount is normal distribution with degree of depth difference, and seed directly drops on kind of a bed by disk coulter space, seed and fertilizer is not on same vertical plane, guarantee fertilizer slow release, and fertilizer runs off in underground minimizing, reduce production costs.The utility model also has advantages of compactness simple for structure, cheap for manufacturing cost and easy to use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation; Fig. 2 is that the A of air inlet pipe in Fig. 1 is to view.
Reference numeral: 1 frame 2 rotary blade 3 subsoiling fertilizer application spade 4 disk coulter 5 land wheel 6 fertilizer can 7 overlay film axle 8 pressing wheel 9 soil support device 10 overlay film frame 11 oblique pull beam 12 power transmission shaft 13 bucket wheel type seeding unit 14 seed-box 15 driving chain 16 fertilizer can 17 hanger bracket 18 gearbox 19 motor 20 shaft 21 paddle 22 blower fan 23 air inlet pipe 24 venthole 25 screen pack 26 upper cover 27 fertilizer apparatus 28 fertilizer delivering pipe 29 fertilising pipe 30 openings.
Embodiment
The one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, as shown in Figure 1, comprise hanger bracket 17 and frame 1, installation frame 1 on hanger bracket 17, frame 1 top sets gradually gearbox 18 from front to back, fertilizer can 16 and seed-box 14, gearbox 18 connects engine or other engines of tractor, the bottom of frame 1 is installed rotary blade 2 from front to back successively, subsoiling fertilizer application spade 3, disk coulter 4 and bucket wheel type seeding unit 13, land wheel 5 is installed in frame 1 both sides, bottom, the wheel shaft connection for transmission chain 15 of land wheel 5, driving chain 15 is by power transmission shaft 12 break-ins, driving chain 15 and bucket wheel type seeding unit 13, fertilizer can 6 coordinates, fertilizer can 6 bottoms arrange fertilizer apparatus 27, fertilizer apparatus connects fertilizer delivering pipe 28 27 times, fertilizer delivering pipe 28 lower ends connect fertilising pipe 29, fertilising pipe 29 is welded on subsoiling fertilizer application spade 3, fertilising pipe 29 is offered several openings 30 from top to bottom, bucket wheel type seeding unit 13 tops coordinate with seed-box 14, the rear portion of frame 1 arranges overlay film frame 10, oblique pull beam 11 is set on overlay film frame 10, oblique pull beam 11 can improve fastness, overlay film frame 10 bottoms are installed overlay film plough 6 from front to back successively, overlay film axle 7, pressing wheel 8 and soil support device 9, mulch film is arranged on overlay film axle 7 with the form of rolling, one end of mulch film coordinates pressing wheel 8, overlay film plough 6 act as trench digging, the effect of soil support device 9 is that soil is pushed away to the surface of putting to mulch film.Seed directly drops on kind of a bed by disk coulter 4 spaces, and seed and fertilizer is not on same vertical plane.Tractor-drawn the utility model, keeps the utility model to advance by hanger bracket 17, and rotary blade 2 rotates under the effect of gearbox 18, and rotary blade 2 is by the stalk in soil or weeds chopping; Subsoiling fertilizer application spade 3 carries out subsoiling to plot, the operation of simultaneously applying fertilizer, and fertilizing amount is normal distribution with degree of depth difference; Land wheel 5 provides power by transmission device to seed-box 14 and bucket wheel type seeding unit 13, and sowing (fertilising) amount changes with sower pace; Bucket wheel type seeding unit 13 can be realized precision drilling, ensures seeding quality; The overlay film plough 6 of frame 1 rear end, film axis 7, pressing wheel 8, soil support device 9 can complete film coating operation, and protection soil moisture content, improves ground temperature, promotes plant growth.
In order to make cotton seeds loose, be convenient to seeds fall, on the outer wall of described seed-box 14, motor 19 is set, the interior shaft 20 that level is set of seed-box 14, one end of shaft 20 connects the output shaft of motor 19, the other end of shaft 20 coordinates with the inwall of seed-box 14, between the other end of shaft 20 and seed-box 14, bearing is set, and shaft 20 peripheries arrange several paddles 21.Cotton seeds disperses by stirring rachis 20 and paddle 21, makes the comparatively loose of seed, is convenient to.
Seed is saved bit by bit and is easily occurred the phenomenon of making moist, in order to be dried prior to seeding, improve the quality of seed, bottom in described seed-box 14 arranges the air inlet pipe 23 of level, air inlet pipe 23 tops set out pore 24, seed-box 14 is stretched out in one end of air inlet pipe 23, stretches out one end connecting fan 22 of seed-box 14.Venthole 24 upwards blows afloat, and can take away part moisture, urges into the shatter value between seed simultaneously, while being convenient to sow, falls.On the pore 24 of air inlet pipe 23, screen pack 25 is set, can prevents that seed from will stop up the pore of air inlet pipe 23.The top of seed-box 14 arranges upper cover 26, and upper cover 26 is latticed, can prevent that air inflow from crossing senior general's seed and blowing out seed-box 14.
The technical solution of the utility model is not restricted in the scope of embodiment described in the utility model.The utility model not technology contents of detailed description is known technology.

Claims (5)

1. the no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, it is characterized in that: comprise hanger bracket (17) and frame (1), the upper installation frame (1) of hanger bracket (17), frame (1) top sets gradually gearbox (18) from front to back, fertilizer can (16) and seed-box (14), the bottom of frame (1) is installed rotary blade (2) from front to back successively, subsoiling fertilizer application spade (3), disk coulter (4) and bucket wheel type seeding unit (13), land wheel (5) is installed in frame (1) both sides, bottom, the wheel shaft connection for transmission chain (15) of land wheel (5), driving chain (15) and bucket wheel type seeding unit (13), fertilizer can (6) coordinates, fertilizer can (6) bottom arranges fertilizer apparatus (27), under fertilizer apparatus (27), connect fertilizer delivering pipe (28), fertilizer delivering pipe (28) lower end connects fertilising pipe (29), fertilising pipe (29) is welded on subsoiling fertilizer application spade (3), fertilising pipe (29) is offered several openings (30) from top to bottom, bucket wheel type seeding unit (13) top coordinates with seed-box (14), the rear portion of frame (1) arranges overlay film frame (10), overlay film frame (10) bottom is installed overlay film plough (6) from front to back successively, overlay film axle (7), pressing wheel (8) and soil support device (9).
2. the according to claim 1 one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, it is characterized in that: on the outer wall of described seed-box (14), motor (19) is set, the shaft (20) of level is set in seed-box (14), one end of shaft (20) connects the output shaft of motor (19), the other end of shaft (20) coordinates with the inwall of seed-box (14), between the other end of shaft (20) and seed-box (14), bearing is set, shaft (20) periphery arranges several paddles (21).
3. the according to claim 1 one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, it is characterized in that: the bottom in described seed-box (14) arranges the air inlet pipe (23) of level, air inlet pipe (23) top sets out pore (24), seed-box (14) is stretched out in one end of air inlet pipe (23), stretches out one end connecting fan (22) of seed-box (14).
4. the according to claim 3 one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, is characterized in that: on the pore (24) of described air inlet pipe (23), screen pack (25) is set.
5. the according to claim 3 one no-tillage subsoiling fertilising overlay film precision seeder that grows cotton, is characterized in that: the top of described seed-box (14) arranges upper cover (26), and upper cover (26) is latticed.
CN201420142710.3U 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 No-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton Expired - Fee Related CN203735015U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420142710.3U CN203735015U (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 No-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420142710.3U CN203735015U (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 No-tillage deep-scarification fertilizing and mulching precision seeder for cotton

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145547A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Corn stubble ploughing ridging and fertilizing seeder
CN105940799A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-09-21 秦朝东 Multifunctional laminating and fertilization integrated machine
WO2017136988A1 (en) * 2016-02-14 2017-08-17 刘艳萍 Fertilizer mixing device
CN107046826A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-08-18 屯留县源顺设备安装有限公司 A kind of walnut rotation root, loosen the soil, fertilization all-in-one machine
CN108184515A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-22 安溪县石草池茶叶有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting laminating machine
CN108464071A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-31 温州科技职业学院 A kind of Multifunctional cultivator for farmland
CN109041615A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-21 赖豪辉 A kind of flat car of agriculture digging fertilizers into fields

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145547A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Corn stubble ploughing ridging and fertilizing seeder
WO2017136988A1 (en) * 2016-02-14 2017-08-17 刘艳萍 Fertilizer mixing device
CN105940799A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-09-21 秦朝东 Multifunctional laminating and fertilization integrated machine
CN107046826A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-08-18 屯留县源顺设备安装有限公司 A kind of walnut rotation root, loosen the soil, fertilization all-in-one machine
CN108184515A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-22 安溪县石草池茶叶有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting laminating machine
CN108184515B (en) * 2018-02-09 2021-06-25 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 Laminating machine for farming
CN108464071A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-31 温州科技职业学院 A kind of Multifunctional cultivator for farmland
CN109041615A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-21 赖豪辉 A kind of flat car of agriculture digging fertilizers into fields

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140730

Termination date: 20170327