CN101790910A - Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit - Google Patents

Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101790910A
CN101790910A CN201010125489A CN201010125489A CN101790910A CN 101790910 A CN101790910 A CN 101790910A CN 201010125489 A CN201010125489 A CN 201010125489A CN 201010125489 A CN201010125489 A CN 201010125489A CN 101790910 A CN101790910 A CN 101790910A
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China
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machine
cultivating
rotovator
seeding
deeply digging
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CN201010125489A
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Chinese (zh)
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郑宇虎
薛江涛
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201010125489A priority Critical patent/CN101790910A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

The invention relates to a deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit which is mainly comprises a stand 1, a rotary cultivator 2, a deeply digging shovel 3, a fertilizing machine 4, a seeding machine 5, a compacting machine 6, a machine 19 for returning straws to the field, and the like, wherein the machine 19 for returning the straws to the field is directly installed on the stand and is positioned in front of the rotary cultivator 2; the rotary cultivator 2 mainly comprises a speed changing box 7, a rotary blade shaft 8, rotary blades 9 and the like which are installed at the lower part of the stand 1; the deeply digging shovel 3 is fixed on the beam of the stand through a U-shaped bolt, is installed at the front part or the back part of the rotary blade shaft, and passes through the gap between two adjacent rotary vades of the rotary cultivator 2; the fertilizer box of the fertilizing machine 4 and the seed box of the seeding machine 5 are fixed above the stand 1; the fertilizing machine and the seeding machine are installed at the back part of the deeply digging shovel 3; and the compacting machine 6 is installed at the back part of the whole unit.

Description

A kind of deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tilling and seeding machine group, especially is a kind of compound deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit.
Background technology
At present, screw sowing machine in the society, no-tillage seeding machine etc. are all more shallow to the tilth of soil, approximately have only about 15 centimeters, like this through farming repeatedly throughout the year, the latter half of soil just can form end hard formation, not only be unfavorable for soil moisture conservation, protect fertilizer, cause water, soil, the fertile loss, and had a strong impact on the growth of crops root systems.In addition owing to do not carry out cultivation operation before the farming, last one season crops the footpath bar and weeds all on the face of land, be easy to during farming cause and twine and obstruction.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly in order to overcome above deficiency, a kind of deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit is provided, it mainly is made of frame, return straw into soil machine, rotovator, deep soil loosing shovel, fertilizer distributor, sower and packer, wherein return straw into soil machine is installed on the frame of rotovator front portion, between return straw into soil machine and the rotovator power transmission shaft is housed, the power of tractor output is passed to rotovator through power transmission shaft after passing to return straw into soil machine again; Rotovator mainly is made up of gearbox, rotary ploughing cutter shaft and rotary blade etc., and they are installed in the below of frame; Deep soil loosing shovel is fixed on by U type bolt on the crossbeam of frame (being installed in the front portion or the rear portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft), and passes from the gap of two adjacent rotary blades; The fertilizer can of fertilizer distributor and sower and seed-box then are fixed on the top of frame, and fertilizer applicator and seeder then are installed in the rear portion of deep soil loosing shovel, and packer is installed in the rear portion of whole unit, and the sprocket wheel on its both sides is also by chain drive fertilizer apparatus and seeding unit work.
Good effect of the present invention: the tilth of deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention can reach about 30 centimeters, farming repeatedly throughout the year such as screw sowing machine in the present society, no-tillage seeding machine have not only been solved, the latter half of soil forms the problem of end hard formation, more helps preserving soil moisture, protecting the growth of fertilizer and crops root system.And because dark loose cutter is to pass from the gap of two adjacent rotary blades of rotovator; during farming under the acting in conjunction of dark loose cutter and rotary blade; footpath bar of face of land crops and weeds are easy to be shredded; twine and blocking problem when having solved screw sowing machine in the present society, no-tillage seeding machine farming, be more suitable for the market demand and the society and the development in science and technology direction of present energy-saving and environmental protection, conservation tillage.The present invention is specially adapted to large-scale and the ultra-large type tractor carries out farmland operation.
Description of drawings
The present invention is described further middle in conjunction with the accompanying drawings embodiment:
Accompanying drawing 1 lateral plan during for deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit band return straw into soil machine of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 for deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention not with the structural representation of return straw into soil machine.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the layout schematic diagram of deep soil loosing shovel in the deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 4 is the layout schematic diagram of sower in the deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention and fertilizer distributor.
Accompanying drawing 5 changes the outfit into the structural representation of cutting disc for rotary blade in the deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention.
Structural representation when accompanying drawing 6 becomes hollow for deep soil loosing shovel column production in the deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention.
In the accompanying drawing zero, parts code name and title:
1. frame 2. rotovators 3. deep soil loosing shovels 4. fertilizer distributors 5. sowers
6. packer 7. gearboxes 8. rotary ploughing cutter shafts 9. rotary blade 10.U type bolts
11. fertilizer can 12. seed-boxes 13. fertilizer apparatuss 14. seeding units 15. chains
16. fertilizer applicator 17. seeders 18. cutting dives 19. return straw into soil machine 20. power transmission shafts
Embodiment
Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention mainly is made of frame 1, rotovator 2, deep soil loosing shovel 3, fertilizer distributor 4, sower 5, packer 6 and return straw into soil machine 19 etc., and embodiment is as follows:
1, return straw into soil machine 19 is directly installed on the frame before the rotovator 2, between return straw into soil machine 19 and the rotovator 2 power transmission shaft 20 is housed, and the power of tractor output is passed to rotovator 2 through power transmission shaft 20 after passing to return straw into soil machine 19 again; Rotovator 2 mainly is made up of gearbox 7, rotary ploughing cutter shaft 8 and rotary blade 9 etc., and they are installed in the below (see figure 1) of frame 1.
2, deep soil loosing shovel 3 is fixed on by U type bolt 10 on the crossbeam of frame 1 (being installed in the front portion or the rear portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft 8), and from rotovator 2, pass (see figure 3) in the gap of two adjacent rotary blades 9, the setting height(from bottom) of deep soil loosing shovel 3 can be adjusted up and down, thereby satisfies different tilling depth requirements; Like this during operation deep soil loosing shovel 3 with the end hard formation shovel pine of soil bottom, 2 soil blocks with soil top of rotovator are smashed, simultaneously because deep soil loosing shovel 3 is to pass from the gap of two adjacent rotary blades 9, deep soil loosing shovel 3 and rotary blade 9 play a part quiet cutter and moving knife respectively during farming, footpath bar of face of land crops and weeds are easy to be shredded, twine and blocking problem when having solved screw sowing machine in the present society, no-tillage seeding machine farming, make the straw and the weeds of smashing suitable between the sowing row simultaneously, avoid straw and weeds Zhi Peng in soil, to influence seed sprouting.
3, the fertilizer can 11 of fertilizer distributor 4 and sower 5 and seed-box 12 are fixed on the top of frame 1,17 rear portions that deep soil loosing shovel 3 is installed respectively of fertilizer applicator 16 and seeder.Packer 6 is installed in the rear portion of frame 1, and the effect of soil moisture conservation is played on the one hand that the surface is the soft relative compacting of soil.The sprocket wheel on packer 6 both sides also drives fertilizer apparatus 16 and seeding unit 17 work, the uniform of application when having guaranteed unit operation and the (see figure 4) of evenly sowing by chain 15 simultaneously.
4, weeds and the crops footpath bar on the face of land is not under the king-sized situation, and deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention can also be with return straw into soil machine 19 (see figure 2)s, to reduce the power consumption of tractor.
5, according to the farming demand of different soils, rotary blade 9 in the deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention can also change the outfit into cutting disc 18, cutting disc 18 both can be as power take-off driving the carry out operation of rotary blade by tractor during farming, also can be without power take-off, but the operation (see figure 5) is carried out in the rotation of rolling under the drag effect of the tractive force of tractor and soil.
6, consider production cost, the shovel post of the deep soil loosing shovel 3 among the present invention also can be made into the (see figure 6) of hollow, allows fertilizer pass through from shoveling in the middle hole of post, thereby deep soil loosing shovel and fertilizer applicator are united two into one, save special-purpose fertilizer applicator 16, reduced the cost of product.
By above structure; deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of the present invention has not only solved farming repeatedly throughout the year such as screw sowing machine in the present society, no-tillage seeding machine; the latter half of soil forms the problem of end hard formation; and twine and blocking problem when having solved screw sowing machine in the present society, no-tillage seeding machine farming, be more suitable for the market demand and the society and the development in science and technology direction of present energy-saving and environmental protection, conservation tillage.

Claims (7)

1. deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit, mainly by frame (1), rotovator (2), deep soil loosing shovel (3), fertilizer distributor (4), sower (5), formations such as packer (6) and return straw into soil machine 19, it is characterized in that: return straw into soil machine (19) is directly installed on the frame, and be positioned at rotovator (2) before, between return straw into soil machine (19) and the rotovator (2) power transmission shaft (20) is housed, the power of tractor output is passed to and is passed through power transmission shaft (20) again behind the return straw into soil machine (19) and pass to rotovator (2), rotovator (2) is mainly by gearbox (7), rotary ploughing cutter shaft (8) and rotary blade compositions such as (9), they are installed in the latter half of frame (1); Deep soil loosing shovel (3) is fixed on the crossbeam of frame (1) by U type bolt (10), and passes from (2) two gaps of adjacent rotary blade of rotovator; The fertilizer can (11) of fertilizer distributor (4) and sower (5) and seed-box (12) are fixed on the top of frame (1), and fertilizer applicator (16) and seeder (17) are then installed the rear portion of deep soil loosing shovel (3) respectively.Packer (6) is installed in the rear portion of frame (1), and the sprocket wheel on packer (6) both sides also drives fertilizer apparatus (16) and seeding unit (17) work by chain (15).
2. according to the described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that: unit is not with return straw into soil machine (19).
3. according to claim 1,2 described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding units, it is characterized in that: deep soil loosing shovel (3) is installed in the front portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft (8), and adjustable up and down.
4. according to claim 1,2 described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding units, it is characterized in that: deep soil loosing shovel (3) is installed in the rear portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft (8), and adjustable up and down.
5. according to claim 1,2 described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding units, it is characterized in that: the shovel post of deep soil loosing shovel (3) is hollow, and fertilizer passes through from shoveling in the middle hole of post, and unit does not have fertilizer apparatus (16)
6. according to claim 1,2 described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding units, it is characterized in that: the rotary ploughing cutter shaft (8) of rotovator (2) go up to be installed is not rotary blade (9) but cutting disc (18), the same power take-off driving the carrying out operation that needs by tractor with rotary blade (9) of cutting disc (18).
7. according to the described deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit of claim 6, it is characterized in that: unit does not have gearbox (7), and operation is carried out in cutting disc (18) rotation of rolling under the drag effect of the tractive force of tractor and soil.
CN201010125489A 2010-03-17 2010-03-17 Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit Pending CN101790910A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010125489A CN101790910A (en) 2010-03-17 2010-03-17 Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010125489A CN101790910A (en) 2010-03-17 2010-03-17 Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101790910A true CN101790910A (en) 2010-08-04

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102405702A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-04-11 中国农业大学 Vibration deep-scarification and fertilization precision drill
CN102783279A (en) * 2012-08-16 2012-11-21 山西河东雄风农机有限公司 Subsoiling rotary tillage combined soil preparation machine
CN103340036A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 南宁科玛机械制造有限公司 Mini-tiller ridge breaking and tilling device
CN103563514A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-02-12 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Dual-shaft dual-layer cutting, fertilizing and sowing compound operation machine provided with specially-shaped rack
CN103583093A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-02-19 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Abnormal-shaped machine frame double-shaft double-layer cutting rotary cultivator
CN104380864A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-03-04 朱学成 Front rotary grinding machine of rotary cultivator
CN108513751A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-09-11 雷沃重工股份有限公司 Subsoiling rotary cultivator attachment and returning to the field site preparation equipment
CN108513747A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-09-11 雷沃重工股份有限公司 Rotary cultivator attachment and returning to the field site preparation equipment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200956719Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-10-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Apparatus for deep ploughing and rotary ploughing
CN101427620A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-05-13 徐州市农机技术推广站 Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine
CN101548591A (en) * 2009-05-22 2009-10-07 安团英 Rotary cultivator
CN201418246Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-03-10 山东庆云颐元农机制造有限公司 Combined operation machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200956719Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-10-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Apparatus for deep ploughing and rotary ploughing
CN101427620A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-05-13 徐州市农机技术推广站 Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine
CN201418246Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-03-10 山东庆云颐元农机制造有限公司 Combined operation machine
CN101548591A (en) * 2009-05-22 2009-10-07 安团英 Rotary cultivator

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102405702A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-04-11 中国农业大学 Vibration deep-scarification and fertilization precision drill
CN102405702B (en) * 2011-09-22 2013-10-02 中国农业大学 Vibration deep-scarification and fertilization precision drill
CN102783279A (en) * 2012-08-16 2012-11-21 山西河东雄风农机有限公司 Subsoiling rotary tillage combined soil preparation machine
CN102783279B (en) * 2012-08-16 2015-03-25 山西河东雄风农机有限公司 Subsoiling rotary tillage combined soil preparation machine
CN103340036A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 南宁科玛机械制造有限公司 Mini-tiller ridge breaking and tilling device
CN103340036B (en) * 2013-07-15 2015-12-02 南宁科玛机械制造有限公司 A kind of mini-size tillage machine breaks ridge and ploughs engagement positions
CN103563514A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-02-12 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Dual-shaft dual-layer cutting, fertilizing and sowing compound operation machine provided with specially-shaped rack
CN103583093A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-02-19 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Abnormal-shaped machine frame double-shaft double-layer cutting rotary cultivator
CN103583093B (en) * 2013-11-04 2016-06-01 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Abnormity frame double-shaft double-layer cuts rotary cultivator
CN104380864A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-03-04 朱学成 Front rotary grinding machine of rotary cultivator
CN108513751A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-09-11 雷沃重工股份有限公司 Subsoiling rotary cultivator attachment and returning to the field site preparation equipment
CN108513747A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-09-11 雷沃重工股份有限公司 Rotary cultivator attachment and returning to the field site preparation equipment

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Open date: 20100804