CN102210204A - Land farming method - Google Patents

Land farming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102210204A
CN102210204A CN2011100889604A CN201110088960A CN102210204A CN 102210204 A CN102210204 A CN 102210204A CN 2011100889604 A CN2011100889604 A CN 2011100889604A CN 201110088960 A CN201110088960 A CN 201110088960A CN 102210204 A CN102210204 A CN 102210204A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
loosening
spike
tooth
loosens
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100889604A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张孝义
郭海军
张传勇
安敬江
闫青宇
李忠雨
畅海军
李永军
王首旗
朱云霄
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shangqiu Fengyuan Industry Equipment Installation Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shangqiu Fengyuan Industry Equipment Installation Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shangqiu Fengyuan Industry Equipment Installation Co ltd filed Critical Shangqiu Fengyuan Industry Equipment Installation Co ltd
Priority to CN2011100889604A priority Critical patent/CN102210204A/en
Publication of CN102210204A publication Critical patent/CN102210204A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention relates to a land farming method. A gearbox is driven by power of a tractor through a rear output shaft of the gearbox; a shaft with soil loosening spike teeth is driven to rotate by the gearbox through a transmission device, so that the soil loosening spike teeth on the shaft are driven to rotate; in the rotating process, the soil loosening spike teeth are continuously inserted into soil, so that the aim of loosening the soil is fulfilled; a frame behind the soil loosening spike teeth is provided with a ripping slice part; and when the soil loosening spike teeth rotate, a ripping slice is driven to move linearly, so that the aim of upturning the soil is fulfilled. Due to the adoption of the method, a conventional deep loosening mode is changed and power is greatly saved, so that the mechanical efficiency is obviously increased and the operation cost is reduced; the effects of deeply loosening and deeply upturning the soil can be really achieved, the fertilizer loss can be reduced, and the soil quality is improved; a conventional farming mode is broken through and the land farming method has an important enlightening effect on research and development of the like product; technical problems which cannot be solved through a rotary cultivator and a plow are solved; the land farming method is convenient to operate; and the labor intensity and the using cost are reduced.

Description

A kind of soil cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Application in Agriculture Machinery technology, relate in particular to a kind of farm machinery that utilize and carry out a kind of new method that dark pine turns over the upturned soil combined working soil.
Background technology
In the agricultural production process, for the high yield and bumper harvest of plant, the soil all needs to carry out farming once every year.Divide according to existing processes and equipment, present main tillage method is for turning over two kinds of upturned soil, rotary tillages.1, turn over the upturned soil technology: such technology is mainly used on the tractor plough tool, and it has to turn over turns up soil and dark loose double-deck function, and the deep ploughing of large-scale plough body can reach 35cm deeply.This kind equipment has that penetration performance is good, resistance is little, turn over upturned soil well, cover characteristics such as tight, percentage of damage height; Can improve the topsoil structure, raising soil water storage preserves soil moisture, function is endured hardships in drought resisting.Has good serviceability although turn over upturned soil class plough tool, but consumed power is bigger, waste energy, in addition, along with deepening continuously of soil production-related contracting and urbanization process, a large amount of between twenty and fifty labours flow into the city, peasant's income structure generation obvious variation, add problems such as the plot is little, the smooth plot of needs, the occupation rate of market of plough tool reduces year by year.2, rotary tillage technology: the rotary tillage technology is to utilize the reducing gear of the rear end output shaft drive facility of tractor, output shaft by reducing gear drives the compound motion of the straight ahead of rotatablely moving of cutter shaft and facility, reaches to implement the hack function to ploughing or having ploughed.Such facility complete machine work working width greater than supporting tractor trailing wheel outer rim, plough the no tire impression in back, grading covers tightly.A farming can reach the sowing requirement, and is time saving and energy saving, and occupation rate of market is whole year by year to be added.
At present, fritter is ploughed and is almost all used the rotary tillage technology.But, because the tilling depth of rotary tillage facility is generally more shallow, the tilling depth of general dry land is 12-16cm, the tilling depth in paddy field is 14-18cm, long-term use can not be satisfied the needs of plant root growth, when particularly damage caused by a drought is heavier, the soil water storage in rotary tillage plot soil moisture conservation poor-performing, the growth of plant is had a strong impact on.
In order to reach the purpose of deep ploughing, someone has invented a kind of subsoiler, promptly on a turning cylinder, load onto scoop by rows, utilizing tractor rear end output shaft to drive turning cylinder rotates, then driving several rows of scoop rolls, scoop shovel head when rolling injects in the soil, plays the effect of deep ploughing.But, because the shovel head width is narrower, in fact only played the effect of dark pine behind the shovel head reeve soil, do not reach the purpose of ploughing deeply.After improve again the back hung a rotary cultivator attachment, but rotary cultivator attachment also can only be with the ground clods breaking on top layer, soil, according to agriculture requirement, soil has only to plough deeply just and can be more suitable for crop growth.But reaching these purpose traction facility need be more high-power, and particularly the clayed ground or the more serious soil that hardens are difficult to the agriculture requirement that realization is ploughed deeply.
Summary of the invention
The key issue that the present invention will solve is: invent a kind of soil cultivating new method, this method can improve the effective power of plant equipment greatly, improves the ploughing capacity of separate unit machinery, and then solves the problem that the soil degree of depth is turned over upturned soil.
The technical scheme that solution problem of the present invention is taked is: the power by tractor passes through rear output shaft, drive a gearbox, gearbox is by a transmission device, driving an axle that has the spike-tooth that loosens the soil rotates, thereby the spike-tooth that loosens the soil that drives on the axle rotates, the spike-tooth that the loosens the soil spike-tooth that constantly will loosen the soil when rotating injects soil, earlier by the spike-tooth that loosens the soil with loosing soil, reach the purpose of loosening the soil; The upturned soil parts of digging are installed on the frame of spike-tooth back of loosening the soil, are driven the upturned soil rectilinear motion of digging when the spike-tooth that loosens the soil rotates, plough deeply by the upturned soil equipment that turns over of back again, reach the purpose that soil turns over upturned soil.
Good effect of the present invention is: changed traditional dark loose measure formula, elder generation, is ploughed deeply by the upturned soil equipment that turns over of back loosing soil by the spike-tooth that loosens the soil again, and has saved power greatly, and mechanical efficiency is obviously improved, and has reduced operating cost; Broken traditional Design Mode, widened mentality of designing, the research and development of this series products have been had important evocation; Have that plant growing is needed turns over the upturned soil effect, can really play the effect that dark pine is ploughed deeply, can reduce fertilizer loss, improve the soil property quality soil; Rotovator and the sub indeterminable technical barrier of plough have been solved; Easy to operate, labour intensity reduces, and cost of use reduces, and reduces environmental pollution, and operating cost is low.
Description of drawings
The facility connection diagram of accompanying drawing 1 for realizing that the inventive method is used; Accompanying drawing 2 is the vertical view of accompanying drawing 1.
Embodiment
The realization of the inventive method as shown in Figure 1, 2, tractor 1 links together by down hanger bar 2 and frame 8, hanger bar 4 rises on the non-farming time, makes equipment break away from ground, hanger bar 4 descends and makes equipment can enter ground handling on the farming time.Tractor 1 is given gearbox 5 transmission of power of tractor 1 by universal joint connecting axle 3, through after a series of speed change, gearbox 5 passes to drive sprocket 13 with the power of certain rotating speed by take-off (propeller) shaft 9, again by chain 14, give driven sprocket 15 transmission of power, driven sprocket 15 is fixed on the axle 11 that loosens the soil, thereby drives the rotation of the axle 11 that loosens the soil; The spike-tooth that loosens the soil is fixed on the soil loosening disc 10, soil loosening disc 10 is fixed on the axle 11 that loosens the soil, and axle 11 the rotation of loosening the soil drives the rotation of the spike-tooth 12 that loosens the soil, and the spike-tooth 12 that the loosens the soil spike-tooth 12 that constantly will loosen the soil when rotating injects soil, reach the purpose of loosening the soil, realize the dark pine of soil; Promote tractor 1 rectilinear motion in the time of the dark pine of spike-tooth 12 rotation of loosening the soil, 6 parts of turning up soil of digging are installed on the frame of spike-tooth 12 back of loosening the soil, the spike-tooth 12 that loosens the soil drives 6 rectilinear motions of turning up soil of digging when rotating, and reaches the purpose that soil turns over upturned soil.Adjustment by limit deep part 7 can realize the digging adjustment of the degree of depth.
Through comparative trial, 1 meter of the total tilling width of 25 plough body four-furrow ploughs, tilling depth 220mm need join 40 horsepowers of tractors; Adopt the methods of cultivation of the present invention, 1 meter of the total tilling width of 25 plough body four-furrow ploughs realizes tilling depth 220mm, only need join 24 horsepowers of tractors and get final product.
Operation principle of the present invention is: whole power of tractor are exported by rear output shaft, and tractor no longer draws the equipment of back in the process of work.Power is by after the suitable speed change of reductor, pass to the axle of the spike-tooth that loosens the soil by sprocket wheel, chain, the drive spike-tooth that loosens the soil forwards rotates, the spike-tooth that loosens the soil has certain penetrating angle, the spike-tooth that loosens the soil has a power forward in the process of loosening the soil, advance so it can promote tractor, can drive the upturned soil rectilinear motion of digging of its back again by frame.

Claims (1)

1. soil cultivating method, it is characterized in that: the power by tractor passes through rear output shaft, drive a gearbox, gearbox is by a transmission device, drive an axle that has the spike-tooth that loosens the soil and rotate, thereby the spike-tooth that loosens the soil that drives on the axle rotates, the spike-tooth that the loosens the soil spike-tooth that constantly will loosen the soil when rotating injects soil, elder generation with loosing soil, reaches the purpose of loosening the soil by the spike-tooth that loosens the soil; The upturned soil parts of digging are installed on the frame of spike-tooth back of loosening the soil, are driven the upturned soil rectilinear motion of digging when the spike-tooth that loosens the soil rotates, plough deeply by the upturned soil equipment of digging of back again, reach the purpose that soil turns over upturned soil.
CN2011100889604A 2011-04-11 2011-04-11 Land farming method Pending CN102210204A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100889604A CN102210204A (en) 2011-04-11 2011-04-11 Land farming method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100889604A CN102210204A (en) 2011-04-11 2011-04-11 Land farming method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102210204A true CN102210204A (en) 2011-10-12

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011100889604A Pending CN102210204A (en) 2011-04-11 2011-04-11 Land farming method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102210204A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489322A (en) * 2015-09-05 2017-03-15 杨宛章 A kind of cultivated site preparation device
CN107124919A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-09-05 林华 Afforestation layering scarifier attachment
CN109348750A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-19 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Grassland bottom powdery ridge is loosened the soil the rich careless ecological method of polywater
CN109348771A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-19 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 The rich careless ecological method of lawn powdery ridge bottom hack water storage
CN109362257A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-22 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Nonirrigated farmland ratoon sugarcane bottom loosen the soil water storage high yield the methods of cultivation
CN113179683A (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-07-30 胡登红 Soil turning machine with adjustable soil turning interval for agricultural cultivation

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2523177Y (en) * 2002-02-10 2002-12-04 韩志刚 Multifunctional plow harrow device
CN2679982Y (en) * 2004-02-16 2005-02-23 东北农业大学 Multifunctional combine for membrane drawing and tillage
US20060021768A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Ankenman Thomas W Residue managing attachment for primary tillage machine
CN201541438U (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-08-11 马国发 Multifunctional tropical crop garden and field rotary weeding management machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2523177Y (en) * 2002-02-10 2002-12-04 韩志刚 Multifunctional plow harrow device
CN2679982Y (en) * 2004-02-16 2005-02-23 东北农业大学 Multifunctional combine for membrane drawing and tillage
US20060021768A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Ankenman Thomas W Residue managing attachment for primary tillage machine
CN201541438U (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-08-11 马国发 Multifunctional tropical crop garden and field rotary weeding management machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489322A (en) * 2015-09-05 2017-03-15 杨宛章 A kind of cultivated site preparation device
CN107124919A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-09-05 林华 Afforestation layering scarifier attachment
CN109348750A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-19 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Grassland bottom powdery ridge is loosened the soil the rich careless ecological method of polywater
CN109348771A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-19 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 The rich careless ecological method of lawn powdery ridge bottom hack water storage
CN109362257A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-02-22 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Nonirrigated farmland ratoon sugarcane bottom loosen the soil water storage high yield the methods of cultivation
CN109348771B (en) * 2018-12-08 2021-09-10 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Ecological method for smashing soil at bottom layer of lawn ridge, storing water and enlarging grass
CN109362257B (en) * 2018-12-08 2022-02-08 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Dry land perennial root sugarcane bottom layer soil loosening, water storing and high yield cultivation method
CN113179683A (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-07-30 胡登红 Soil turning machine with adjustable soil turning interval for agricultural cultivation
CN113179683B (en) * 2021-05-25 2022-09-02 泰安泰山国泰拖拉机制造有限公司 Soil turning machine with adjustable soil turning interval for agricultural cultivation

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Application publication date: 20111012