CN206821186U - A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one - Google Patents

A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206821186U
CN206821186U CN201720716825.2U CN201720716825U CN206821186U CN 206821186 U CN206821186 U CN 206821186U CN 201720716825 U CN201720716825 U CN 201720716825U CN 206821186 U CN206821186 U CN 206821186U
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China
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unit frame
rotary tillage
single width
mainframe
unit
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720716825.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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戴强
王资
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one, and it includes mainframe and the multiple single width units being connected on mainframe, and described mainframe includes front beam and rear cross beam;Described single width unit includes that by sleeve pipe the unit frame on front beam and rear cross beam can be slid laterally, the rotary tillage mechanism of the gear tumbler, Universal telescoping power transmission shaft and the uni-drive gear box driving that are driven in the front lower portion installation of unit frame by locomotive rear output shaft;Rear portion installation film-covering mechanism, two drum-type seeders, the two film side coverers of unit frame.It can complete rotary tillage, overlay film, a sowing integration of operation, and an operation stroke can complete several covering with ground sheeting operations, and line space can be adjusted, and be adapted to the job requirements of different crops.

Description

A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one
Technical field
It the utility model is related to a kind of agricultural machinery, more particularly to a kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one.
Background technology
Covering with ground sheeting is a kind of modern agricultural production technology, have heat, be incubated, water conservation, keep nutrient, increase light efficiency and The effect such as Pest organism is prevented and kill off, especially in northern China Techniques in Dry-farming Areas, the precocious effect of increasing production ten of plastic mulching cultivation technology Divide notable.
In order to reduce evaporation loss of the soil moisture in overall seeding process, typically soil protection soil moisture content, rotary tillage Mulch sowing is worked continuously, and by a machine rotary tillage, two machine mulch sowing supporting operations, this operating type car is more, takes a lot of work, efficiency It is low.In order to realize rotary tillage mulch sowing institutional operation, China patented technology ZL201310408795.5 discloses a kind of " rotary tillage Mulch sowing all-in-one ", it is broadcast in the rear portion of prior art rotary cultivator connection film-covering mechanism and sowing mechanism, the rotary tillage overlay film Kind all-in-one can once complete rotary tillage, overlay film, sowing.Its shortcoming is:One operation stroke can be only done a width covering with ground sheeting Operation, two row crops can only be typically sowed on a width mulch film, existing farm tractor is general all more than more than 30 horsepowers, deposits The low load with strong power the problem of, it is unfavorable for improving operating efficiency;In addition, its function without fertilising and laying drip irrigation zone, no Adapt to the requirement of drought resisting high-yield culture technique.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one, it Rotary tillage, fertilising, laying drip irrigation zone, overlay film, a sowing integration of operation can be completed, an operation stroke can complete several ground Film overwrite job, and line space can be adjusted, and be adapted to the job requirements of different crops.
What the purpose of this utility model was realized in:A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one, it includes mainframe and company The multiple single width units being connected on mainframe, it is characterised in that:Described mainframe includes hanger bracket, front beam and rear cross beam, Vertical beam is connected between front beam and rear cross beam;Described single width unit include to slide laterally installed in front beam by sleeve pipe and Unit frame on rear cross beam, rotary blade assembly, the main shaft and uni-drive gear box of rotary blade assembly are installed in the front lower portion of unit frame Output shaft be connected, uni-drive gear box is fixed on the side of unit frame, rear portion installation film-covering mechanism, two rollers of unit frame Formula seeder, two film side coverers, film-covering mechanism include ground membrane support and pressing film roller;Installed on the vertical beam in the middle part of mainframe The gear tumbler driven by locomotive rear output shaft, the output shaft of gear tumbler both sides pass through Universal telescoping power transmission shaft and each list The input shaft of width set drive gear-box is connected.
Further, the soil-conceying plate for being hinged on unit frame and being supported by elastic fulcrum bar is provided with the rear portion of rotary blade assembly, The lower edge of soil-conceying plate is provided with trapeze cut, and can slide up and down baffle plate spacing by two side chutes, gear are covered on trapeze cut It is locked between plate and soil-conceying plate by lock screw.
Further, each single width unit also includes fertilizing mechanism, fertilizing mechanism include the receptacle installed in unit frame top, Two applicator boots installed in unit frame rear portion, the bottom of receptacle are set by shaft-driven two fertilizer apparatus of fertilizer, row Fertile axle connects fertilizer by being connected installed in the anterior catching hold of the earth wheel of unit frame between fertilizer apparatus and corresponding applicator boot Pipe.
Further, each single width unit also includes drip irrigation zone laying mechanism, and drip irrigation zone laying mechanism includes being arranged on unit frame The drip irrigation belt supporting frame on top and the drip irrigation zone ditching and laying device between the applicator boot of two, unit frame rear portion.
Further, single width unit sliding laterally on mainframe is driven by hydraulic jack.
Further, described single width unit is two, each one hydraulic jack of single width crew qiting, the one of hydraulic jack End is hinged on the vertical beam of mainframe, and the other end of hydraulic jack is hinged on the unit frame of the single width unit.
Further, the utility model also includes the ploughshare that loosens the soil, and the ploughshare that loosens the soil is arranged on the front portion between unit frame.
Compared to the prior art the utility model the advantage is that:
1) multiple single width units slid laterally are installed, each single width unit can be with complete on mainframe of the present utility model Into width mulch film laying and the sowing of two row crops.One single direction stroke can complete several covering with ground sheeting and seeding operation, Solve the problems, such as low load with strong power, improve operating efficiency.Single width unit can slide laterally on mainframe, can adjust Sown scope line-spacing, adapts to different crops and cultivation technique requirement, and especially further improvement project uses hydraulic oil cylinder driving single width unit Slide laterally, be more convenient adjustment sown scope spacing.
2) front lower portion of each single width unit unit frame is provided with rotary blade assembly, and rotary blade assembly after locomotive by exporting Axle, gear tumbler, Universal telescoping power transmission shaft and uni-drive gear box driving, the rear portion installation film-covering mechanism of unit frame, two rollings Cartridge type seeder, two film side coverers;It can realize rotary tillage, overlay film and sowing institutional operation, an agricultural locomotive energy The dry work of dry three agricultural locomotives, can reduce farmland operation personnel more than half.
3) rotary tillage mechanism, film-covering mechanism, sowing mechanism are included using the technical scheme more optimized, single width unit, also simultaneously With fertilizing mechanism and laying drip irrigation zone mechanism, full-functional integrated operation is realized, drastically increases farmland operation efficiency, more Adapt to modern dry farmland high-yield culture technique needs.
4) it is hinged soil-conceying plate at the rear portion of rotary blade assembly, the lower edge of soil-conceying plate is provided with trapeze cut, on trapeze cut Covering can slide up and down baffle plate, and the ground after the soil-conceying plate of the structure will can be pulled through forms a trapezoidal ridge platform, overlay film it Back roll formula seeder is sowed in the both sides of trapezoidal ridge platform, and seed so after planting is located in low-lying furrow, natural rainfall It can gather in seed cave, be adapted to the requirement of drought-resistant seeding.In addition, described baffle plate can slide up and down, thus it is possible to vary trapezoidal The size of breach, trapeze cut can also all be covered, the ground of no boss can be hauled out, adapt to different job requirements.
5) the utility model can be also used for single rotary tillage soil-working operation, in rotary tillage soil-working operation, lay down unit frame On film-covering mechanism, two drum-type seeders, two film side coverers, fertilizing mechanism, drip irrigation zone laying mechanism, will be adjacent Unit frame is to together, in addition, in front portion of the ploughshare 28 between unit frame 6 that will loosen the soil, it is possible to individually revolved Tillage operation is ploughed, the setting for the ploughshare 28 that loosens the soil, can solve the problem of balking between adjacent rotary blade assembly.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1, the utility model rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one dimensional structure diagram;
Fig. 2, the utility model mainframe dimensional structure diagram;
Fig. 3, the utility model single width unit machine dimensional structure diagram;
Fig. 4, the utility model single width unit remove the solid after film-covering mechanism, drum-type seeder, film side coverer Structural representation;
Fig. 5, dimensional structure diagram when the utility model is used for independent rotary tillage soil-working operation;
Fig. 6, the utility model soil-conceying plate dimensional structure diagram.
In figure:1- mainframes, 2- hanger brackets, 3- front beams, 4- rear cross beams, 5- vertical beams, 6- unit framves, 7- rotary blades are total Into, 8- main shafts, 9- uni-drive gear boxes, 10- ground membrane support, 11- pressing film rollers, 12- drum-type seeders, 13- films side coverer, 14- gear tumblers, 15- Universal telescoping power transmission shafts, 16- elastic fulcrum bars, 17- soil-conceying plates, 18- trapeze cuts, 19- baffle plates, 20- Lock screw, 21- receptacles, 22- applicator boots, 23- fertilizer apparatus, 24- catching hold of the earth wheel, 25- drip irrigation belt supporting frames, 26- drip irrigation zones Ditching and laying device, 27- hydraulic jacks, 28- loosen the soil ploughshare.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one, it includes mainframe 1 and is connected on mainframe 1 Two single width units, described mainframe 1 includes hanger bracket 2, front beam 3 and rear cross beam 4, between front beam 3 and rear cross beam 4 Connect vertical beam 5;Described single width unit includes that by sleeve pipe the unit on front beam 3 and rear cross beam 4 can be slid laterally Frame 6, in the front lower portion installation rotary blade assembly 7 of unit frame 6, the main shaft 8 of rotary blade assembly 7 and the output shaft of uni-drive gear box 9 It is connected, uni-drive gear box 9 is fixed on the side of unit frame 6, and the rear portion installation film-covering mechanism of unit frame 6, two drum-types are broadcast Kind 12, two film side coverers 13 of device, film-covering mechanism include ground membrane support 10 and pressing film roller 11;Vertical beam 5 at the middle part of mainframe 1 Upper to install the gear tumbler 14 driven by locomotive rear output shaft, the output shaft of the both sides of gear tumbler 14 is passed by Universal telescoping Moving axis 15 is connected with the input shaft of each single width set drive gear-box 9.It is provided with the rear portion of rotary blade assembly 7 and is hinged on unit The soil-conceying plate 17 supported on frame 6 and by elastic fulcrum bar 16, the lower edge of soil-conceying plate 17 are provided with trapeze cut 18, on trapeze cut 18 And can slide up and down baffle plate 19 spacing by two side chutes is covered, is locked admittedly by lock screw 20 between baffle plate 19 and soil-conceying plate 17 It is fixed.Each single width unit also includes fertilizing mechanism, and fertilizing mechanism includes the receptacle 21 installed in the top of unit frame 6, installed in machine Two applicator boots 22 at group frame 6 rear portion, the bottom of receptacle 21 are set by shaft-driven two fertilizer apparatus 23 of fertilizer, fertilizer Axle is connected by being connected installed in the anterior catching hold of the earth wheel 24 of unit frame 6 between fertilizer apparatus 23 and corresponding applicator boot 22 Defertilizing tube.Each single width unit also includes drip irrigation zone laying mechanism, and drip irrigation zone laying mechanism includes the drop installed in the top of unit frame 6 Fill belt supporting frame 25 and the drip irrigation zone ditching and laying device 26 between the applicator boot 22 of two, 6 rear portion of unit frame.It is each single Width unit all configures a hydraulic jack 27, and one end of hydraulic jack 27 is hinged on the vertical beam 5 of mainframe 1, hydraulic jack 27 The other end be hinged on the unit frame 6 of the single width unit.
The present embodiment is also including the ploughshare 28 that loosens the soil, and when individually carrying out rotary tillage soil-working operation, the ploughshare 28 that will loosen the soil is pacified Soil between rotary tillage assembly 7 is broken poor subsoiling, solved adjacent by the front portion between unit frame 6, the ploughshare 28 that thus loosens the soil Problem of balking between rotary blade assembly.
The content of above embodiment is only illustrating the technical solution of the utility model, rather than to the utility model The limitation of protection domain, the simple modification or wait that one of ordinary skill in the art is carried out to the technical solution of the utility model With replacing, all without departing from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one, it includes mainframe and the multiple single width units being connected on mainframe, and it is special Sign is:Described mainframe includes hanger bracket, front beam and rear cross beam, and vertical beam is connected between front beam and rear cross beam;It is described Single width unit include that the unit frame on front beam and rear cross beam can be slid laterally by sleeve pipe, in the front lower of unit frame Rotary blade assembly is installed in portion, and the main shaft of rotary blade assembly is connected with the output shaft of uni-drive gear box, and uni-drive gear box is fixed on The side of unit frame, rear portion installation film-covering mechanism, two drum-type seeders, the two film side coverers of unit frame, laminating machine Structure includes ground membrane support and pressing film roller;The gear wheel reversing driven by locomotive rear output shaft is installed on the vertical beam in the middle part of mainframe Device, the output shaft of gear tumbler both sides are connected by Universal telescoping power transmission shaft with the input shaft of each single width set drive gear-box Connect.
2. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the rear portion of rotary blade assembly The soil-conceying plate for being hinged on unit frame and being supported by elastic fulcrum bar, the lower edge of soil-conceying plate are provided with trapeze cut, on trapeze cut And can slide up and down baffle plate spacing by two side chutes is covered, is locked between baffle plate and soil-conceying plate by lock screw.
3. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Each single width unit also includes applying Fertile mechanism, fertilizing mechanism include receptacle, two applicator boots installed in unit frame rear portion installed in unit frame top, The bottom of receptacle is set by shaft-driven two fertilizer apparatus of fertilizer, and fertilizer expelling shaft installed in the anterior catching hold of the earth wheel of unit frame by being driven Connection, defertilizing tube is connected between fertilizer apparatus and corresponding applicator boot.
4. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Each single width unit also includes drip irrigation zone Mechanism is laid, drip irrigation zone laying mechanism is included installed in the drip irrigation belt supporting frame on unit frame top and installed in two, unit frame rear portion Drip irrigation zone ditching and laying device between applicator boot.
5. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Horizontal stroke of the single width unit on mainframe Driven to sliding by hydraulic jack.
6. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described single width unit is two, Each single width one hydraulic jack of crew qiting, one end of hydraulic jack are hinged on the vertical beam of mainframe, hydraulic jack it is another One end is hinged on the unit frame of the single width unit.
7. rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It also includes the ploughshare that loosens the soil, The ploughshare that loosens the soil is arranged on the front portion between unit frame.
CN201720716825.2U 2017-06-14 2017-06-14 A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one Expired - Fee Related CN206821186U (en)

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CN201720716825.2U CN206821186U (en) 2017-06-14 2017-06-14 A kind of rotary tillage mulch sowing all-in-one

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121596A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-04 羊妙菜 A kind of agricultural machinery car body mechanism
CN109769548A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 黑龙江省农业科学院(黑龙江现代农业研究院) Northern vine crops keep the temperature overwintering working rig
CN110121945A (en) * 2019-05-12 2019-08-16 甘肃农业大学 Full film double-furrow ridge body forming machine and overlay film kind bed forming method
CN115362860A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-22 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Covering and film-covering device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121596A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-04 羊妙菜 A kind of agricultural machinery car body mechanism
CN109121596B (en) * 2018-09-18 2021-08-13 南京佰腾发发信息科技有限公司 Agricultural machine vehicle body mechanism
CN109769548A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 黑龙江省农业科学院(黑龙江现代农业研究院) Northern vine crops keep the temperature overwintering working rig
CN110121945A (en) * 2019-05-12 2019-08-16 甘肃农业大学 Full film double-furrow ridge body forming machine and overlay film kind bed forming method
CN110121945B (en) * 2019-05-12 2021-10-08 甘肃农业大学 Full-film double-ridge-furrow-ridge-body forming machine and film-covering seedbed forming method
CN115362860A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-22 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Covering and film-covering device
CN115362860B (en) * 2022-08-08 2023-05-16 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Soil covering and film covering device

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Granted publication date: 20180102

Termination date: 20180614