CN102511211B - Wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill applicable to irrigated areas of Yellow river - Google Patents

Wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill applicable to irrigated areas of Yellow river Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102511211B
CN102511211B CN201210002883.0A CN201210002883A CN102511211B CN 102511211 B CN102511211 B CN 102511211B CN 201210002883 A CN201210002883 A CN 201210002883A CN 102511211 B CN102511211 B CN 102511211B
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wheat
fertilizing
rotary tillage
tillage
seeder
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CN201210002883.0A
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CN102511211A (en
Inventor
王瑞谦
刘玉京
王欢成
宋德平
张瑛
张爱民
王立德
孙冬霞
刘淑安
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Binzhou Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
BINZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
Shandong Shengyuan Seed Industry Co ltd
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BINZHOU INSTITUTE OF FARM MACHINERY SCIENCE
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Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural machine, in particular to a wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill applicable to irrigated areas of the Yellow river. The wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill comprises a rack and seed and fertilizer boxes installed on the rack and is characterized in that front fertilization seeders and rear fertilization seeders are installed on front and rear crossbeams at equal intervals, side plates are arranged at two sides of the rack, a side gear box is arranged on the side plate at one side, a rotary blade roller is arranged at the front part of a place between the two side plates and a compacting transmission device is arranged at the rear part of the place between the two side plates. The wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill applicable to irrigated areas of the Yellow river is low in power consumption, good in straw clearing effect, free from blockage and good in soil and corn root breaking effect and can meet the agricultural technique requirements during a wheat seeding process, therefore the agricultural machine and the agricultural technique are integrated; the wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill is applied to equal-row-spacing wheat planting, can improve the utilization rate of fertilizer efficiency and the quality of wheat seeding and has low soil breaking rate. The wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill is reasonable and novel in structure, is high in adaptability, is economical and is reliable in use.

Description

The Wheat flat being suitable for Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
(One)Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, make no-tillage fertilizing sowing particularly to a kind of Wheat flat in suitable Huang irrigated area Machine.
(Two)Background technology
Semen Tritici aestivi no-tillage seeding is the agronomy new technique promoted in recent years, is answered wider for adapting to this technology With various Semen Tritici aestivi no-tillage seeding combines arise at the historic moment.Existing no-tillage seeding machine is made in the plot of maize straw Industry, all adopts Seedling band rotary tillage(Rotary tillage width 10-12cm, rotary tillage depth 12cm), deep fertilizer spraying(10-12cm)And wide row space (270-280cm), high ridge the back of the body(10-12cm), wide Seedling band(10cm)Sowing.Through for many years it was verified that there being certain effect of increasing production, And once complete multi-mode operation, saving of labor, save time, save equipment operating cost, thus being welcome by the masses.But still suffer from following Problem:
1. mix a large amount of straws in rotary tillage band, to the germination of seed, emerge and growth brings considerable influence, sowing must be increased Amount guarantee has enough Basic Seedlings.
2. the ridge back of the body is high, and during slump and irrigating, soil easy slump seed covering is carried on the back on ridge, increases depth of planting and causes weak Seedling and impact tiller.
3. cropping index is low, typically can only achieve 40%(By 8 big row 80cm, total fabric width 220cm).
4. when yellow irrigated area flood waters, head propulsion is slow, and water consumption is big, and not only irrigated the fields cost by increase again for waste water resource.
(Three)Content of the invention
The present invention is in order to make up the defect of prior art, there is provided a kind of straw mulching quantity strong adaptability, rate of breaking ground are low, work( The Wheat flat that rate consumes little suitable Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Wheat flat in suitable Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, including frame and rack-mounted seed manure Case, is characterized in that:Before and after frame, the first-class line-spacing of crossbeam is provided with front fertilizing and seeding apparatus and rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus, and frame both sides are provided with Side change speed gear box is provided with the side plate of side plate, wherein side, between biside plate, installed in front has rotary tillage knife roller, pacifies on rear side of frame Equipped with suppression actuating device.
The Wheat flat that this is suitable for Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, and rotary tillage knife roller includes being arranged between biside plate Rotary tillage cutter shaft, the first-class distance of rotary tillage cutter shaft is provided with rotary tillage cutter holder by bifilar helix arrangement, installs rotary tillage straight knife in rotary tillage cutter holder, Rotary tillage cutter shaft two ends are provided with rotary machetes at biside plate.Front fertilizing and seeding apparatus include being arranged on fixation by trip bolt Front applicator boot in cover for seat and front seeder, front applicator boot is the sharp-angle type plough of no top rake, front seeder For BI seeder.Afterwards fertilizing and seeding apparatus include being arranged in fixed seating by trip bolt and between there is certain distance Rear applicator boot and rear seeder, rear applicator boot is the sharp-angle type plough having top rake, rear seeder be hypsokinesis Formula seeder., all using flat tube material, fertilization depth is 10-12cm for front fertilizing and seeding apparatus and rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus.Suppression passes Dynamic device includes being arranged on the repression axle on rear side of frame, repression axle installs press wheel, repression axle is by the sprocket wheel of end It is connected with seeding, roller through chain.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The Wheat flat that this is suitable for Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, and power consumption is little, clearly Reason straw is good, operation no jam;Broken soil and corn stubble are good, disclosure satisfy that the agriculture requirement of wheat cultivation, make agriculture Machine, agronomy blend;The line-spacings such as application plantation Semen Tritici aestivi, improves fertilizer efficiency utilization rate and the quality of sowing Semen Tritici aestivi, and rate of breaking ground is little, very Just achieving the advanced planting technology of Semen Tritici aestivi no-tillage seeding;This implement structure is reasonable, novel, strong adaptability, economical, using reliability.
(Four)Brief description
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the population structure schematic front view of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the population structure schematic top plan view of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the structural representation of the front fertilizing and seeding apparatus of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 4 is the structural representation of the rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus of the present invention.
In figure, 1 frame, 2 fixed seatings, fertilizing and seeding apparatus before 3,4 rotary tillage knife rollers, fertilizing and seeding apparatus after 5,6 suppressions pass Dynamic device, 7 side change speed gear boxes, 8 side plates, applicator boot before 31,32 trip bolts, seeder before 33,41 rotary tillage cutter shafts, 42 rotary tillages Tool rest, 43 rotary tillage straight knives, 44 rotary machetes, applicator boot after 51, seeder after 52,61 repression axles, 62 press wheels, 63 chains Wheel, 64 chains.
(Five)Specific embodiment
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 1, in 2, the Wheat flat that this is suitable for Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, includes frame 1 and is arranged in frame 1 Seed-fertilizer box, before and after frame 1, the first-class line-spacing of crossbeam is provided with front fertilizing and seeding apparatus 3 and rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus 5, and frame 1 both sides set There is side plate 8, side change speed gear box 7 is wherein provided with the side plate 8 of side, rotary tillage power side is driven, and solves intermediate transmission speed change The big ridge of wide row that box-shaped becomes is carried on the back and is affected the problem of land utilization ratio.Sow the line-spacings such as capable employing for 16 to be distributed, line-spacing 15cm, Identical with conventional flat specification of making, ridge can be sealed through tiller before passing the winter, after the beginning of spring, cropping index is high, improves land utilization ratio, by In line-spacing uniformly, therefore ventilation and penetrating light is good, favourable volume increase.Between biside plate 8, installed in front has rotary tillage knife roller 4, on rear side of frame 1 Suppression actuating device 6 is installed.Rotary tillage knife roller 4 includes the rotary tillage cutter shaft 41 being arranged between biside plate 8, on rotary tillage cutter shaft 41 Equidistant arrangement by bifilar helix is provided with rotary tillage cutter holder 42, installs rotary tillage straight knife 43 in rotary tillage cutter holder 42, often broadcasts two rotations of row Against applicator boot spade side, bury cultivated straight knife 43 5cm, and compared with rotary machetes 44, rotary machetes 44 are same in hack When simply dig and thrown whole corn stubble, make hack and also the straw mixing in field and the growth that affects to emerge, rotary tillage straight knife 43 simultaneously Prominent feature is to crush root stubble while shallow rotation hack, and broken soil performance is suitable with tulwar, simultaneously can be to corn stubble Pulverize more preferably with soil, be conducive to germination to grow;Due to straight knife, to cut soil narrow, shallow, is truly realized no-tillage seeding, and current Domestic banding unscrews wheat no-tillage planter and compares, and reduces power consumption 50-60%, reduces rate 40-50% of breaking ground.Rotary tillage cutter shaft 41 two ends are provided with rotary machetes 44 at biside plate 8, can clear up the straw of congestion before side plate 8 in time, due to adopting Straight knife shallow rotary tillage, it is to avoid tulwar throws, to side, the zanjon high ridge back of the body that soil is formed.Suppression actuating device 6 includes being arranged on frame 1 The repression axle 61 of rear side, repression axle 61 is installed press wheel 62, repression axle 61 by end sprocket wheel 63 through chain 64 with Seeding, roller are connected, and complete seeding, fertilizer operation.Suppression part realizes ridge row is suppressed, and smooth operation earth's surface is natural Form the shallow ridges short ridge back of the body, bottom of trench only has the discrepancy in elevation of 3-5cm to the ridge back of the body, there is not soil slump seed covering, has been compacted bottom of trench, Favourable wheat germination growth.
In Fig. 3, front fertilizing and seeding apparatus 3 include the front applicator boot being arranged in fixed seating 2 by trip bolt 32 31 and front seeder 33, front applicator boot 31 is the sharp-angle type plough of no top rake, and front seeder 33 is BI sowing Device.Sharp-angle type plough structure is simple, and trench digging resistance is little, and penetration performance is good, and trench digging is narrow, returns native fast, the row's of applying mouth is unobstructed no to be blocked.
In Fig. 4, rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus 5 include being arranged in fixed seating 2 by trip bolt 32 and between have certain The rear applicator boot 51 of distance and rear seeder 52, increase distance between rear applicator boot 51 and rear seeder 52, can Ensure fully to return soil, the difference in height that sowing port and defertilizing opening are formed on embedded depth, it is to avoid burn plant, burn seedlings.Fertilising is opened afterwards Ditch device 51 is the sharp-angle type plough having top rake, and rear seeder 52 is BI seeder.Fertilizer applicator forms one with seeder Group, configures before and after being designed as, and solves the congestion problems occurring plough quantity more, and groups of fertilizer applicator and seeder both may be used With overall and can independently adjust embedded depth.Front fertilizing and seeding apparatus 3 and rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus 5 are all using flat tubing Material, to increase the Seedling bandwidth of fertilising width and sowing, fertilization depth is 10-12cm, and fertilizer efficiency is not volatile and is conducive to crop Absorb.Seeder is operation in the soil that fertilising furrowing blade pine crosses, and axenic straw in this soil layer does not therefore affect seed Germination and normal growth, high yield can be obtained with the less amount of broadcasting.Broadcast rear ground substantially smooth, during diversion irrigation, head pushes away Enter fast, water consumption reduces 30-50%, realize agriculture cost-saving synergistic.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Wheat flat in suitable Huang irrigated area makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, including frame(1)Be arranged on frame(1)On kind Fertilizer box, is characterized in that:Frame(1)The first-class line-spacing of crossbeam is provided with front fertilizing and seeding apparatus in front and back(3)With rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus(5), Frame(1)Both sides are provided with side plate(8), the side plate of wherein side(8)On side change speed gear box is installed(7), biside plate(8)Between front side Rotary tillage knife roller is installed(4), frame(1)Rear side is provided with suppression actuating device(6);Rotary tillage knife roller(4)Including being arranged on Biside plate(8)Between rotary tillage cutter shaft(41), rotary tillage cutter shaft(41)Upper equidistant arrangement by bifilar helix is provided with rotary tillage cutter holder (42), rotary tillage cutter holder(42)Interior installation rotary tillage straight knife(43), rotary tillage cutter shaft(41)Two ends are near biside plate(8)Place is provided with rotary tillage Tulwar(44);Front fertilizing and seeding apparatus(3)Including by trip bolt(32)It is arranged on fixed seating(2)Interior front applicator boot (31)With front seeder(33), front applicator boot(31)For the sharp-angle type plough of no top rake, front seeder(33)For rear Formula of inclining seeder;Fertilizing and seeding apparatus afterwards(5)Including by trip bolt(32)It is arranged on fixed seating(2)Interior and between have one The rear applicator boot of set a distance(51)With rear seeder(52), rear applicator boot(51)Sharp-angle type for there being top rake is ditched Device, rear seeder(52)For BI seeder.
2. the Wheat flat in suitable Huang irrigated area according to claim 1 makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, it is characterized in that:Front fertilising is broadcast Plant device(3)With rear fertilizing and seeding apparatus(5)All using flat tube material, fertilization depth is 10-12cm.
3. the Wheat flat in suitable Huang irrigated area according to claim 1 makees no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, it is characterized in that:Suppression transmission Device(6)Including being arranged on frame(1)The repression axle of rear side(61), repression axle(61)Upper installation press wheel(62), suppression Wheel shaft(61)Sprocket wheel by end(63)Through chain(64)It is connected with seeding, roller.
CN201210002883.0A 2012-01-06 2012-01-06 Wheat flat planting no-tillage seed and fertilizer drill applicable to irrigated areas of Yellow river Active CN102511211B (en)

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CN103718681A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-16 青岛万农达花生机械有限公司 Soil-cracking device of rice stubble field wheat no-tillage planter
CN108521899B (en) * 2018-03-28 2024-02-27 高源� High-low row planting operation machine

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AU2008203410A1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-19 Daryl Morellini Profiling method and apparatus
CN101156510B (en) * 2007-11-15 2010-06-02 柴跃进 Multipurpose shallow plowing or no-tillage seed-sowing machine
CN201479561U (en) * 2009-07-02 2010-05-26 许培森 Small-sized intertill seeding fertilizer applicator
CN202135460U (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-02-08 泗洪县恒吉机械制造有限责任公司 Rotary cultivator provided with straight cutter-bent cutter combined cutter shaft
CN202435804U (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-09-19 滨州市农机具科学研究所 Flat-planting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for wheat in yellow river irrigation regions

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Address after: 517 Bohai 8th Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province, 256616

Patentee after: BINZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION SCIENCES

Address before: 517 Bohai 8th Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province, 256616

Patentee before: Binzhou Institute of Farm Machinery Science

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Effective date of registration: 20230915

Address after: 256600 office building 229, West Road, 500m north of the intersection of Beihai Avenue and binma Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Shandong Shengyuan Seed Industry Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 256600 traffic building, no.367, Huanghe 5th Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: Binzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Effective date of registration: 20230915

Address after: 256600 traffic building, no.367, Huanghe 5th Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Binzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Address before: 517 Bohai 8th Road, Bincheng District, Binzhou City, Shandong Province, 256616

Patentee before: BINZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION SCIENCES

TR01 Transfer of patent right