CN201213360Y - Non-tillage seeding machine - Google Patents

Non-tillage seeding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201213360Y
CN201213360Y CNU2008200255693U CN200820025569U CN201213360Y CN 201213360 Y CN201213360 Y CN 201213360Y CN U2008200255693 U CNU2008200255693 U CN U2008200255693U CN 200820025569 U CN200820025569 U CN 200820025569U CN 201213360 Y CN201213360 Y CN 201213360Y
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China
Prior art keywords
tillage
seeding
bar type
rotary tillage
fertilizing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008200255693U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨树学
曲宝建
李洪民
任建华
李修春
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LINYI PENGBO AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd
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LINYI PENGBO AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008200255693U priority Critical patent/CN201213360Y/en
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Publication of CN201213360Y publication Critical patent/CN201213360Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a no-tillage seeder, which comprises a frame, a transmission mechanism, a rotary tillage mechanism, a seeding-fertilizing mechanism, an airfoil straight-bar type combined furrowing device and a rubber inflatable press wheel. The seeder is characterized in that the rubber inflatable press wheel, the airfoil straight-bar type combined furrowing device and the rotary tillage mechanism are arranged under the frame in turn from left to right; the seeding-fertilizing mechanism and the transmission mechanism are arranged on the frame in turn from left to right; the seeding-fertilizing mechanism consists of a seeding mechanism and a fertilizing mechanism which are communicated with the airfoil straight-bar type combined furrowing device through a seed-conveying plastic hose and a fertilizer-conveying plastic hose respectively; and rotary tillage cutters and crescent cutter trousers are uniformly and alternately arranged on the rotary tillage mechanism. The no-tillage seeder has the advantages of high operation efficiency, good trafficability, high utilization rate and strong adaptability, can complete no-tillage seeding operation with high quality under different straw coverage conditions and different soil conditions, and is an ideal protective tillage implement.

Description

No-tillage seeding machine
Technical field the utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, relates to a kind of no-tillage seeding machine.
It is to preserve the ecological environment, to promote that farmland sustainable use and cost-saving synergistic are target that background technology is implemented conservation tillage; with straw cover toothing also field, the operation of tillage free or reducing seeding fertilization multiple be main contents, have control farmland airborne dust and water and soil loss, retaining moisture in the soil, dark fertile soil fertility, cost-saving synergistic, the burning of minimizing straw and effects such as greenhouse gas emission, promotion agricultural sustainable development.In China's nature and water and soil resources shortage, country advocates the today of building resource-conserving and friendly environment society, and to carry out no-tillage technology significant suitablely in good time.Conservation tillage method origin is in the U.S. of the thirties in 20th century; mainly be in order to prevent sandstorm at that time; but since its retain and conserve soil moisture, the outstanding role of aspect such as culture fertility, be familiar with very soon by people, become the dryland farming production technology of large scale application in the world.Conservation tillage is as an advanced person's agriculture production technology, from the eighties in last century so far, apply in more than 70 country in the whole world, use nearly 200,000,000 hectares of the gross area, account for 12% of world's total area under cultivation.Wherein: large agricultural countries such as the U.S., Canada, Australia, Brazil, Argentina use area and all surpass 70%, and France, Mexico etc. use area and surpass 50%.The core of protective farming technique is to have a certain amount of crop cover to cover under the situation on the face of land, carry out no-tillage, minimal till sowing, the facility task difficulty is big, traditional sower generally can't carry out normal operation.Therefore, researching and developing a whole set of and be suitable for the actual conservation tillage plant of China's agricultural, is the key issue that development and large tracts of land are promoted conservation tillage.
The summary of the invention the purpose of this utility model is to solve the technical problem that the prior art task difficulty is big, can't carry out normal operation, provides a kind of no-tillage seeding machine, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
To achieve these goals, the utility model no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame, transmission mechanism, rotary tillage mechanism, seeding fertilizing mechanism, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough and inflated rubber press wheel, the said inflated rubber press wheel of its main points, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough and rotary tillage mechanism are successively set on below the frame from left to right, said seeding fertilizing mechanism and transmission mechanism be successively set on from left to right frame above; Said seeding fertilizing mechanism is made up of feed mechanism and fertilizer mechanism, is communicated with aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough by defeated kind of plastic flexible pipe and defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe respectively; Evenly alternately be provided with rotary blade and crescent cutter trousers in the said rotary tillage mechanism.
Said rotary tillage mechanism is the speed change rotovator, is connected by speed change gear by transmission mechanism.
Said feed mechanism not only can be broadcast wheat but also can broadcast corn for the combination seeder, and the realization seeder is used more.
Said fertilizer mechanism is the outer groove wheel structure, and is simple in structure, and fertilizing amount can be adjusted.
The utility model structural design novelty, reasonable.Have following characteristics:
(1) disposablely finish rotary tillage, sowing, fertilising, covering, suppression, support ridger and build multi-mode operations such as furrow, reduced tractor repeatedly farming to destruction that soil caused;
(2) to the wide adaptability of crop, wheat can be sowed, also other crops such as corn, soybean, Chinese sorghum can be sowed, realize multi-functional multiple operation, increase facility service time, improve operation rate of machinery, reduce the investment of individual dealer of agricultural machines, promote the development of economizing type agricultural machanization agricultural machinery;
(3) rotary tillage mechanism is the speed change rotovator, and is strong to the adaptability of the soil face of land and tractor;
(4) a machine three-use: do no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine and use; Pull down the sowing part and do speed change rotovator usefulness; Whole rotary blades are installed are made screw sowing machine usefulness;
(5) fertilizer deep placement has improved the availability of chemical fertilizer;
(6) carry out wide seedling band, wide row space is sowed, and helps the ventilative printing opacity of wheat, strengthens lodging tolerance, improves the output of crop;
(7) line-spacing can be adjusted to satisfy the agriculture requirement of different regions;
(8) because the rotary blade trousers have added the selenodont cutting knife, therefore, under the situation of a large amount of stalks mulchings, can handle hard corn stubble, the cutter shaft straw winding, plough does not block up.
The utility model no-tillage seeding machine operating efficiency height, trafficability characteristic is good, availability is high, adaptability is strong, can finish the no-tillage seeding operation in high quality under different stalk coverage conditions and different soil property situations, is a kind of comparatively desirable conservation tillage facility.
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is that schematic diagram is looked on the utility model structure right side;
Fig. 2 is that the utility model structure master looks schematic diagram.
Among the figure 1, frame 2, feed mechanism 3, fertilizer mechanism 4, transmission mechanism 5, rotary tillage 6, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 7, defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe 8, defeated kind of a plastic flexible pipe 9, inflated rubber press wheel 10, rotary tillage mechanism 11, crescent cutter trousers 12, seeding fertilizing mechanism
Embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings, it comprises frame 1, transmission mechanism 4, rotary tillage mechanism 10, seeding fertilizing mechanism 12, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 and inflated rubber press wheel 9 the utility model, inflated rubber press wheel 9, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 and rotary tillage mechanism 10 be successively set on from left to right frame 1 below, seeding fertilizing mechanism 12 and transmission mechanism 4 be successively set on from left to right frame 1 above; Seeding fertilizing mechanism 12 is made up of feed mechanism 2 and fertilizer mechanism 3, is communicated with aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 by defeated kind of plastic flexible pipe 8 and defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe 7 respectively; Evenly alternately be provided with rotary blade 5 and crescent cutter trousers 11 in the rotary tillage mechanism 10; Rotary tillage mechanism 10 is the speed change rotovator, is connected by speed change gear by transmission mechanism 4; Feed mechanism 2 is the combination seeder; Fertilizer mechanism 3 is the outer groove wheel structure.
During the utility model no-tillage seeding machine operation, the power of tractor directly imports the middle gearbox of no-tillage seeding machine transmission mechanism 4 into through power transmission shaft, and drive rotary tillage mechanism 10 rotations, when the moment that contacts with ground, bury after anterior rotary blade 5 cuts off part stalk or root stubble and unscrew as band shape, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 following closely is in trench digging, stalk and root stubble are pushed to the both sides of seeding and fertilizing position, the dark inflated rubber press wheel 9 of the limit at rear portion rotates by deadweight and ground friction, drive seeding fertilizing mechanism 12 through chain drive and implement seeding, fertilizer, seed under the row and chemical fertilizer are respectively through defeated kind of plastic flexible pipe 8, defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe 7 enters plough 6, fall into successively in the groove of ground, press wheel 9 is finished the no-tillage fertilizing seeding operation with being about to the compacting of loosening the soil in the groove.
Burying after rotary blade cuts off part stalk or root stubble unscrews as band shape, and additional crescent cutting knife cuts off increased surface covering on the crescent cutter trousers 11 simultaneously, avoids rotary tillage shaft to twine grass, prevents that plough from blocking up.
Feed mechanism 2 adopts the combination seeder, not only can broadcast wheat but also can broadcast corn, and the realization seeder is used more; Fertilizer mechanism 3 is selected outer groove wheel for use, and is simple in structure, and fertilizing amount can be adjusted.Fertilizer is by defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe 7, and seed enters aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 respectively by defeated kind of a plastic flexible pipe 8, because fertilizer outlet and to go out kind of mouth locus different forms deep application of fertilizer, seed drops on a side above the fertilizer.The advantage of aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough 6 is simple and practical, the coverings such as ground stalk that do not block up, and fertilizer and seed separate certain distance simultaneously, avoid the seed of burning.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame, transmission mechanism, rotary tillage mechanism, seeding fertilizing mechanism, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough and inflated rubber press wheel, it is characterized in that said inflated rubber press wheel, aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough and rotary tillage mechanism be successively set on from left to right frame below, said seeding fertilizing mechanism and transmission mechanism be successively set on from left to right frame above; Said seeding fertilizing mechanism is made up of feed mechanism and fertilizer mechanism, is communicated with aerofoil profile straight-bar type combination plough by defeated kind of plastic flexible pipe and defeated fertile plastic flexible pipe respectively; Evenly alternately be provided with rotary blade and crescent cutter trousers in the said rotary tillage mechanism.
2, no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that said rotary tillage mechanism is the speed change rotovator, is connected by speed change gear by transmission mechanism.
3, no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that said feed mechanism is the combination seeder.
4, no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that said fertilizer mechanism is the outer groove wheel structure.
CNU2008200255693U 2008-07-15 2008-07-15 Non-tillage seeding machine Expired - Fee Related CN201213360Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200255693U CN201213360Y (en) 2008-07-15 2008-07-15 Non-tillage seeding machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102396333A (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-04-04 梨树县农机技术推广总站 Wide-row flat planting protective tillage planting method for maizes
CN102860155A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-09 中国农业大学 Regrinding banded rotary tillage planter
CN104255133A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-07 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 Rotary tillage seeder
CN104541675A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-29 山东理工大学 Seed pressing wheel device applied to seeder
CN108260377A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-07-10 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Suppression of soil wheel with air bag
CN108848772A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-23 宋维康 A kind of wheat seeder
CN110278728A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-09-27 河北农业大学 A kind of corn organic and inorganic fertilizer is the same as machine dystopy precision seeder

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102396333A (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-04-04 梨树县农机技术推广总站 Wide-row flat planting protective tillage planting method for maizes
CN102396333B (en) * 2010-09-15 2013-07-10 梨树县农机技术推广总站 Wide-row flat planting protective tillage planting method for maizes
CN102860155A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-09 中国农业大学 Regrinding banded rotary tillage planter
CN102860155B (en) * 2012-09-07 2015-04-15 中国农业大学 Regrinding banded rotary tillage planter
CN104255133A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-07 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 Rotary tillage seeder
CN104541675A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-29 山东理工大学 Seed pressing wheel device applied to seeder
CN108260377A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-07-10 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Suppression of soil wheel with air bag
CN108848772A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-23 宋维康 A kind of wheat seeder
CN110278728A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-09-27 河北农业大学 A kind of corn organic and inorganic fertilizer is the same as machine dystopy precision seeder

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Granted publication date: 20090401