CN204634301U - Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine - Google Patents

Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204634301U
CN204634301U CN201520297607.0U CN201520297607U CN204634301U CN 204634301 U CN204634301 U CN 204634301U CN 201520297607 U CN201520297607 U CN 201520297607U CN 204634301 U CN204634301 U CN 204634301U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter shaft
rotary
fertilizer
rotary tillage
stalk
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520297607.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小兵
徐敏
朱继平
袁栋
丁艳
李良波
彭卓敏
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN201520297607.0U priority Critical patent/CN204634301U/en
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Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, tractor drives middle driving box (3) by universal joint (2), side transmission case (4) and then drive main pulley (23) are rotated, main pulley drives driving pulley (21) to rotate by belt (22), drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24), pulverize cutter shaft (25) operation, ground wheel drive drive sprocket (14) rotates, drive sprocket drives drive sprocket (11) to rotate by chain (12), drive feed shaft (10), fertilizer expelling shaft (5) rotates, seed falls into grain tube (16) and falls on farmed field, the wind that the stalk pulverized is produced by fan blade (19) also blows backward to the forward open end of stalk conveyor chamber (13), drop on earth's surface through rear open end, the face, field of rotary tillage seeding and fertilizing is suppressed by land wheel, so once complete rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing, crushed stalk, straw mulching and returning and suppression flow chart.

Description

Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of field-returning machine, and specifically a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Along with the raising of Agricultural Mechanization Degree, rotovator, ditching machine, fertilizer distributor etc. are widely used in agricultural and plough field, whole ground, have fundamentally liberated the both hands of peasant, have improve operating efficiency, reduced labour cost.
But straw cutting apparatus and the rotary tillage sowing machine of the current use of China are single homework, and operation is few, first need carry out crushed stalk, then carry out the operation of rotary tillage seeding and fertilizing, operating efficiency is low, consumes energy high, production cost is high, during stalk is all placed into the soil, is unfavorable for that seed sprouting grows.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, the utility model provides a kind of rotary tillage to sow crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, this machine can support the use with large and middle tractor, can once complete rotary tillage hack, fertilising, sowing, crushed stalk, straw mulching and returning and suppression six procedures, and have that structure is simple, easy to install, the feature of good economy performance.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of rotary tillage to sow crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, comprise frame and land wheel, land wheel is arranged on the below at frame rear portion, the rear upper of frame is provided with fertilizer can and seed-box, fertilizer gear the fertilizer expelling shaft of fertilizer can is equipped with, the feed shaft of seed-box is equipped with seeding gear and drive sprocket successively, described drive sprocket is connected with the drive sprocket on land wheel by chain, seeding gear and fertilizer gear engage each other, the lower rear of frame is provided with the grain tube be communicated with seed-box and the defeated fertile head be communicated with fertilizer can, the front upper of frame is provided with middle driving box, side transmission case is also provided with in the side of middle driving box, described middle driving box is connected with side transmission case by power transmission shaft, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft with rotary blade is connected with in the below of middle driving box, described side transmission case is connected with the driving wheel be fixedly installed on rotary ploughing cutter shaft one end by driving-belt, the front of rotary ploughing cutter shaft is provided with pulverizing cutter shaft, pulverizing cutter shaft is equipped with many crushing knife and multiple fan blade, the other end of described rotary ploughing cutter shaft is provided with main pulley, described main pulley by belt be fixedly installed on the driving pulley pulverized on cutter shaft one end and be connected, above the below of frame, pulverizing cutter shaft and rotary ploughing cutter shaft, be provided with stalk conveyor chamber, the forward open end of described stalk conveyor chamber covers the top of fan blade peak, and its rear open end is positioned at the front portion of land wheel.
As further improvement of the utility model, the rear of described stalk conveyor chamber is arc outlet.
As further improvement of the utility model, described crushing knife is zigzag crushing knife.
As further improvement of the utility model, described fan blade is vane type fan blade.
As further improvement of the utility model, be provided with the universal joint connecting vehicle transmissions in the front portion of middle driving box.
The utility model is by the front upper connection side transmission case in frame, pulverizing cutter shaft is connected with in the lower front of frame, rotary ploughing cutter shaft is connected with in the below of middle driving box, in the below of frame, pulverize cutter shaft and be connected stalk conveyor chamber with the top of rotary ploughing cutter shaft, that pulverizes on cutter shaft is many crushing knife and multiple fan blade, can while rotary tillage hack seeding and fertilizing by crushed stalk after roll uniform fold on earth's surface by land wheel, drench with rain can naturally rot to become fertilizer through weathering after improving straw mulching to earth's surface, be conducive to field water conservation, fertilizer conservation promotes seed sprouting growth, and the environmental pollution that crop straw burning brings can be reduced, both environment was protected, turn increase soil fertility, and the output of crops can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, frame, 2, universal joint, 3, middle driving box, 4, side transmission case, 5, fertilizer expelling shaft, 6, fertilizer can, 7, seed-box, 8, fertilizer gear, 9, seeding gear, 10, feed shaft, 11, drive sprocket, 12, chain.13, stalk conveyor chamber, 14, drive sprocket, 15, land wheel, 16, grain tube, 17, defeated fertile head, 18, rotary blade, 19, fan blade, 20, crushing knife, 21, driving pulley, 22, V belt, 23, main pulley, 24, rotary ploughing cutter shaft, 25, pulverize cutter shaft.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, comprise frame 1 and land wheel 15, land wheel 15 is arranged on the below at frame 1 rear portion, the rear upper of frame 1 is provided with fertilizer can 6 and seed-box 7, the fertilizer expelling shaft 5 of fertilizer can 6 is equipped with fertilizer gear 8, the feed shaft 10 of seed-box 7 is equipped with seeding gear 9 and drive sprocket 11 successively, described drive sprocket 11 is connected with the drive sprocket 14 on land wheel 15 by chain 12, seeding gear 9 and fertilizer gear 8 engage each other, the lower rear of frame 1 is provided with the grain tube 16 be communicated with seed-box 7 and the defeated fertilizer be communicated with fertilizer can 6 17, the front upper of frame 1 is provided with middle driving box 3, side transmission case 4 is also provided with in the side of middle driving box 3, described middle driving box 3 is connected with side transmission case 4 by power transmission shaft, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24 with rotary blade 18 is connected with in the below of middle driving box 3, described side transmission case 4 is connected with the driving wheel be fixedly installed on rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24 one end by driving-belt, be provided with in the front of rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24 and pulverize cutter shaft 25, pulverizing cutter shaft 25 is equipped with many crushing knife 20 and multiple fan blade 19, the other end of described rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24 is provided with main pulley 23, described main pulley 23 by belt 22 be fixedly installed on the driving pulley 21 pulverized on cutter shaft 25 one end and be connected, above the below of frame 1, pulverizing cutter shaft 25 and rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24, be provided with stalk conveyor chamber 13, the forward open end of described stalk conveyor chamber 13 covers the top of fan blade 19 peak, and its rear open end is positioned at the front portion of land wheel 15.
The rear open end of described stalk conveyor chamber 13 is reclinate arcuate structure.
In order to improve crushed stalk efficiency, described crushing knife 20 is zigzag crushing knife.
In order to strengthen exhaust air rate, fan blade 19 adopts vane type fan blade.
The transmission of frame 1 can drive transmission by the universal joint 2 being arranged on the front portion of middle driving box 3, and also can pass through motor-driven, the utility model is preferably universal joint 2 transmission, can the cost of using electricity wisely.
When tractor drives this machine advance operation, large and middle tractor drives middle driving box 3 by universal joint 2, middle driving box 3 drives side transmission case 4 and then drives main pulley 23 to rotate, main pulley 23 drives driving pulley 21 to rotate by V belt 22, thus achieve driving rotary ploughing cutter shaft 24 simultaneously, pulverize cutter shaft 25, start to carry out crushed stalk and the operation of rotary tillage hack, land wheel 15 drives drive sprocket 14 to rotate, drive sprocket 14 drives drive sprocket 11 to rotate by chain 12, and then drive feed shaft 10, fertilizer expelling shaft 5 rotates, namely seeding is started, fertilizer, fertilizer evenly falls into defeated fertilizer 17, seed evenly falls into grain tube 16 and drops on farmed field, in the process that this machine advances, seed and fertilizer can be covered by the hack of rotary tillage above, then, the wind that the stalk pulverized is produced by fan blade 19 also blows backward to the forward open end of stalk conveyor chamber 13, drop on earth's surface through rear open end, the face, field of rotary tillage seeding and fertilizing is suppressed by land wheel 15, so once complete rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing, crushed stalk, straw mulching and returning and suppression flow chart.

Claims (5)

1. a rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine, comprise frame (1) and land wheel (15), land wheel (15) is arranged on the below at frame (1) rear portion, the rear upper of frame (1) is provided with fertilizer can (6) and seed-box (7), the fertilizer expelling shaft (5) of fertilizer can (6) is equipped with fertilizer gear (8), the feed shaft (10) of seed-box (7) is equipped with seeding gear (9) and drive sprocket (11) successively, described drive sprocket (11) is connected with the drive sprocket (14) on land wheel (15) by chain (12), seeding gear (9) and fertilizer gear (8) engage each other, the lower rear of frame (1) is provided with the grain tube (16) be communicated with seed-box (7) and the defeated fertile head (17) be communicated with fertilizer can (6), it is characterized in that, the front upper of frame (1) is provided with middle driving box (3), side transmission case (4) is also provided with in the side of middle driving box (3), described middle driving box (3) is connected with side transmission case (4) by power transmission shaft, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24) with rotary blade (18) is connected with in the below of middle driving box (3), described side transmission case (4) is connected with the driving wheel be fixedly installed on rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24) one end by driving-belt, be provided with in the front of rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24) and pulverize cutter shaft (25), pulverizing cutter shaft (25) is equipped with many crushing knife (20) and multiple fan blade (19), the other end of described rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24) is provided with main pulley (23), described main pulley (23) by belt (22) be fixedly installed on the driving pulley (21) pulverized on cutter shaft (25) one end and be connected, frame (1) below, pulverize cutter shaft (25) top of rotary ploughing cutter shaft (24) be provided with stalk conveyor chamber (13), the forward open end of described stalk conveyor chamber (13) covers the top of fan blade (19) peak, and its rear open end is positioned at the front portion of land wheel (15).
2. a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the rear open end of described stalk conveyor chamber (13) is reclinate arcuate structure.
3. a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described crushing knife (20) is zigzag crushing knife.
4. a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described fan blade (19) is vane type fan blade.
5. a kind of rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that, be provided with the universal joint (2) connecting vehicle transmissions in the front portion of middle driving box (3).
CN201520297607.0U 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN204634301U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520297607.0U CN204634301U (en) 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520297607.0U CN204634301U (en) 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204634301U true CN204634301U (en) 2015-09-16

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ID=54087097

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520297607.0U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204634301U (en) 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 Rotary tillage sowing crushed stalk mulching and returning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782256A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-22 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Machine used for rotary tillage, seeding, straw smashing and straw mulching returning
CN105309078A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-02-10 湖南省耒耕轻型耕田机制造有限公司 Cultivator with thorough weeding function
CN109275373A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-29 安徽煜丰农业机械制造有限公司 A kind of multi-functional straw counters-field set

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782256A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-22 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Machine used for rotary tillage, seeding, straw smashing and straw mulching returning
CN105309078A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-02-10 湖南省耒耕轻型耕田机制造有限公司 Cultivator with thorough weeding function
CN109275373A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-29 安徽煜丰农业机械制造有限公司 A kind of multi-functional straw counters-field set

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150916

Effective date of abandoning: 20171114