CN203675560U - Corn planter with strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions - Google Patents

Corn planter with strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203675560U
CN203675560U CN201420030452.XU CN201420030452U CN203675560U CN 203675560 U CN203675560 U CN 203675560U CN 201420030452 U CN201420030452 U CN 201420030452U CN 203675560 U CN203675560 U CN 203675560U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straw
rotary
returning
band
corn drill
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420030452.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荐世春
付乾坤
张宁宁
邸志峰
位国建
周纪磊
姜伟
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201420030452.XU priority Critical patent/CN203675560U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203675560U publication Critical patent/CN203675560U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a corn planter with the strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions. The corn planter is mainly composed of a gearbox I, a gearbox II, a fertilizer box, a seed box, a seeding unit, a furrow opener, a press wheel, a straw mulching blade roller and a rotary blade roller. A power output shaft of a tractor is connected with a power input shaft of the gearbox I, a power output shaft behind the gearbox I is connected with the gearbox II, and an output shaft of the side edge transmits power to the straw mulching blade roller through a belt. The gearbox II transmits the power to the rotary blade roller through a gear case. The seeder unit is arranged on the rear side portion of the furrow opener. A free-swinging blade on the straw mulching blade roller and a rotary blade on the rotary blade roller are arranged at intervals, and carry out operation on strips. The corn planter can finish strip straw mulching, strip rotary tillage, fertilization and corn precision seeding operation at the same time and effectively improve the seeding quality, soil and water are conserved, damage to the soil structure from rotary tillage and compaction damage of the tractor can be reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

Band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, a kind of taking tractor motive power output shaft as power specifically, can disposablely complete wheat stalk band also field, band rotary tillage loosen the soil, the band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising maize precise sowing machine of the integration of operation function such as fertilising, corn precision metering.
Background technology
At present, connect a batch crop rotation area at China's wheat and corn, be widely used wheat combine and carry out harvesting wheat operation, because the toothing after reaping machine results wheat is higher, have a strong impact on and connect the corn seeding operation that stubble carries out, wheat stalk and toothing must be carried out just carrying out corn seeding operation after straw-returning processing, also behind field, the stalk of pulverizing covers soil surface, impact sowing, adopts rotary tillage process will soil fully be mixed with the stalk of pulverizing, grading after operation simultaneously, soil is soft, for good kind bed is created in sowing.
But the existing straw cutting apparatus of existing market, rotovator can only complete the individual event operation of straw-returning or rotary tillage, and corn drill can only complete seeding and fertilizing operation, function singleness, production efficiency is low, is unfavorable for robbing seeding corn in farming season.Tractor repeatedly enters ground operation have been increased soil packing has been destroyed.Traditional straw cutting apparatus and rotovator adopt the mode of full width operation, and after operation, whole earth's surface ravels, and has also caused soil structure destruction, is unfavorable for water conservation soil conservation, and power consumption is large, and operating cost is high.So necessary exploitation one can improve traditional work mode, can disposablely complete again the combined machine of straw-returning, soil rotary tillage, fertilising and precise sowing.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be exactly for solve prior art exist corn drill can only complete seeding and fertilizing operation, function singleness, production efficiency is low, full width straw cutting apparatus and rotovator power consumption are large, after operation, earth's surface ravels and causes water and soil loss, soil structure destroys and tractor repeatedly enters the problem that ground operation destroys soil packing, a kind of band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill is provided, once can complete band straw-returning simultaneously, band rotary tillage, fertilising and corn precision metering operation, can effectively improve seeding quality, soil conservation water conservation, reduce the destruction of rotary tillage to soil structure and the compacting destruction of tractor, enhance productivity.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill, comprises frame, gear box I, gear box II, fertilizer can, seed-box, disc type seeder, seeding and fertilizing plough, straw-returning rotor and rotary tillage rotor; Described gear box I receives power and exports to respectively gear box II and straw-returning rotor, and straw-returning rotor is provided with flail knife, and power is passed to rotary tillage rotor by described gear box II, and rotary tillage rotor is provided with rotary blade; Described fertilizer can is positioned at the top of seeding and fertilizing plough, and by fertilizer apparatus and fertilizer delivering pipe fertilising; Seed-box is positioned at the rear of fertilizer can, and sows by disc type seeder, and disc type seeder is positioned at the proceeds posterolateral of seeding and fertilizing plough; Described seeding and fertilizing plough is located at the rear of rotary tillage rotor, and described rotary tillage rotor is arranged in the rear of straw-returning rotor.
Described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises press wheel, and described press wheel is positioned at seeding unit rear, has sowed rear kind of a ditch gently to be pressed.
Rotary blade on flail knife and rotary tillage rotor on described straw-returning rotor all adopts compartment to arrange, only the band of needs sowing is carried out to straw-returning and rotary tillage process.
Described frame is connected with the three-point hitch of tractor.
The side of described gear box I and straw-returning cutter shaft is equipped with belt wheel, and belt wheel is with connection by V.
Described gear box II is sent to rotary ploughing cutter shaft by the gear-box of below by power.
Described disc type seeder rear is also provided with covering device.
Described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises three sprocket wheels, on described press wheel and fertilizer apparatus, is equipped with sprocket wheel, and press wheel is connected with three sprocket wheels by chain respectively with the sprocket wheel on fertilizer apparatus.
Described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises bigeminy sprocket wheel, and disc type seeder is provided with sprocket wheel, and bigeminy sprocket wheel is connected with the sprocket wheel on three sprocket wheels and disc type seeder by chain respectively.
Rotary ploughing cutter shaft axle center is lower than the axle center of straw-returning cutter shaft.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the advantage of this utility model is: low in energy consumption, production efficiency is high, sow effectively, can effectively reduce that soil structure that rotary tillage causes destroys and tractor destroys soil packing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
In figure: 1, three-point hitch, 2, gear box I, 3, power input shaft, 4, belt wheel I, 5, frame, 6, side shield, 7, V band, 8, belt wheel II, 9, straw-returning cutter shaft, 10, flail knife, 11, rotary blade, 12, rotary ploughing cutter shaft, 13, fertilizer delivering pipe, 14, seeding and fertilizing plough, 15, disc type seeder, 16, sprocket wheel III, 17, covering device, 18, press wheel, 19, sprocket wheel I, 20, chain I, 21, chain III, 22, three sprocket wheels, 23, chain II, 24, plant case, 25, bigeminy sprocket wheel, 26, chain IV, 27, sprocket wheel II, 28, fertile case, 29, gear-box, 30, gear box II, 31, cover plate, 32, universal joint, 33, fertilizer apparatus.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising maize precise sowing machine, frame 5 is provided with gear box I 2, gear box II 30, cover plate 31, the power input shaft 3 of gear box I 2 is connected with tractor motive power output shaft by universal joint, and the back power take-off of gear box I 2 is connected with the power input shaft of gear box II 30 by universal joint 32.Frame 5 is connected with the three-point hitch 1 of tractor, one side of frame 5 is also provided with side shield 6, frame 5 belows are provided with straw-returning cutter shaft 9 and rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12, rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12 is arranged in straw-returning cutter shaft 9 rears, rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12 axle center are lower than the axle center of straw-returning cutter shaft 9, the side of gear box I 2 is provided with belt wheel I 4, the side of straw-returning cutter shaft 9 is provided with belt wheel II 8, belt wheel I 4 is with 7 to be connected with belt wheel II 8 by V, gear box II 30 is sent to power by the gear-box 29 of below the middle part of rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12, thereby in the time of machine run, drive straw-returning cutter shaft 9 and rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12 to rotate.Rotary blade 11 arrangements on flail knife 10 and rotary ploughing cutter shaft 12 on straw-returning cutter shaft 9 all adopt and have or not blade compartment to arrange, thereby only stalk and soil on sowing band are carried out to operation in the time that machine is worked.
Frame 5 is provided with fertile case 28, seeding and fertilizing plough 14, plants case 24, disc type seeder 15, bigeminy sprocket wheel 25, three sprocket wheels 22, press wheel 18, press wheel 18 is connected with frame 5 by support, press wheel 18 axles are provided with sprocket wheel I 19, press wheel 18 drives fertilizer apparatuss 33 to rotate by 27 transmissions of sprocket wheel I 19, chain I 20, three sprocket wheels 22, chain IV 26, sprocket wheel II, and fertilizer is transported in the native ditch that seeding and fertilizing plough 14 outputs by defertilizing tube 13.Disc type seeder 15 is positioned at the proceeds posterolateral of seeding and fertilizing plough 14, with avoid discharge seed fall within fertilizer directly over, disc type seeder 15 rears are provided with covering device 17, press wheel 18 drives disc type seeder 15 to rotate by sprocket wheel I 19, chain I 20, three sprocket wheels 22, chain II 23, bigeminy sprocket wheel 25, chain III 21, sprocket wheel III 16, seed in kind of case 24 is transported in the native ditch that seeding and fertilizing plough 14 outputs, then carry out earthing by covering device 17, by press wheel 18, earthing is gently pressed.
The utility model can once complete band straw-returning, band rotary tillage, fertilising and corn precision metering operation simultaneously.The advantage of this utility model is: low in energy consumption, production efficiency is high, sows effectively, can effectively reduce that soil structure that rotary tillage causes destroys and tractor destroys soil packing.

Claims (10)

1. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill, is characterized in that, comprises frame, gear box I, gear box II, fertilizer can, seed-box, disc type seeder, seeding and fertilizing plough, straw-returning rotor and rotary tillage rotor; Described gear box I receives power and exports to respectively gear box II and straw-returning rotor, and straw-returning rotor is provided with flail knife, and power is passed to rotary tillage rotor by described gear box II, and rotary tillage rotor is provided with rotary blade; Described fertilizer can is positioned at the top of seeding and fertilizing plough, and by fertilizer apparatus and fertilizer delivering pipe fertilising; Seed-box is positioned at the rear of fertilizer can, and sows by disc type seeder, and disc type seeder is positioned at the proceeds posterolateral of seeding and fertilizing plough; Described seeding and fertilizing plough is located at the rear of rotary tillage rotor, and described rotary tillage rotor is arranged in the rear of straw-returning rotor.
2. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation as claimed in claim 1 fertilising corn drill, is characterized in that, described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises press wheel, and described press wheel is positioned at seeding unit rear, has sowed rear kind of a ditch gently to be pressed.
3. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the rotary blade on flail knife and rotary tillage rotor on described straw-returning rotor all adopts compartment to arrange.
4. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described frame is connected with the three-point hitch of tractor.
5. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the side of described gear box I and straw-returning cutter shaft is equipped with belt wheel, and belt wheel is with connection by V.
6. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described gear box II is sent to rotary ploughing cutter shaft by the gear-box of below by power.
7. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described disc type seeder rear is also provided with covering device.
8. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises three sprocket wheels, on described press wheel and fertilizer apparatus, be equipped with sprocket wheel, press wheel is connected with three sprocket wheels by chain respectively with the sprocket wheel on fertilizer apparatus.
9. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, described band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill also comprises bigeminy sprocket wheel, disc type seeder is provided with sprocket wheel, and bigeminy sprocket wheel is connected with the sprocket wheel on three sprocket wheels and disc type seeder by chain respectively.
10. band returning straw into field and rotary cultivation fertilising corn drill as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, rotary ploughing cutter shaft axle center is lower than the axle center of straw-returning cutter shaft.
CN201420030452.XU 2014-01-16 2014-01-16 Corn planter with strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions Expired - Fee Related CN203675560U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201420030452.XU CN203675560U (en) 2014-01-16 2014-01-16 Corn planter with strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420030452.XU CN203675560U (en) 2014-01-16 2014-01-16 Corn planter with strip straw mulching rotary tillage and fertilization functions

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104106323A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-10-22 辽宁禾功机械有限公司 Suspended non-tillage nail type corn precision seeder
CN105940795A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 刘立东 Multifunctional tilling and seeding machine
CN106105444A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-16 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
CN106171083A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
CN106233838A (en) * 2016-10-19 2016-12-21 安徽农业大学 A kind of rotary tillage ferti drill for sowing in lines supporting with walking tractor
CN106304873A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 安徽农业大学 Formula fertilization machine for rotary tillage seeding of wheat
CN106385819A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 Maize seeder
CN111034423A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Single-rotation single-shaft green manure crop seeder
CN111034422A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Double-shaft wide-width green manure crop seeder
CN111034424A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Single-rotation double-shaft green manure crop mixed sowing machine
CN111034421A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Adjustable wide-width green manure crop seeder
CN111034420A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Wide-width precise mixed sowing machine for green manure crops
CN112335378A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-09 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Pneumatic precision sowing equipment and method for corn belt-shaped clean area sowing
CN113424709A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-24 中国农业大学 Strip no-tillage straw and organic fertilizer layered deep application device

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104106323A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-10-22 辽宁禾功机械有限公司 Suspended non-tillage nail type corn precision seeder
CN104106323B (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-03-23 辽宁禾功机械有限公司 Hang no-tillage nail type precise seeding machine of corn
CN105940795A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 刘立东 Multifunctional tilling and seeding machine
CN106105444A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-16 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
CN106171083A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 柳州好顺科技有限公司 A kind of rotary tillage fertilizer
CN106385819A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 Maize seeder
CN106304873A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 安徽农业大学 Formula fertilization machine for rotary tillage seeding of wheat
CN106233838A (en) * 2016-10-19 2016-12-21 安徽农业大学 A kind of rotary tillage ferti drill for sowing in lines supporting with walking tractor
CN111034423A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Single-rotation single-shaft green manure crop seeder
CN111034422A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Double-shaft wide-width green manure crop seeder
CN111034424A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Single-rotation double-shaft green manure crop mixed sowing machine
CN111034421A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Adjustable wide-width green manure crop seeder
CN111034420A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 泰安市农业科学研究院 Wide-width precise mixed sowing machine for green manure crops
CN112335378A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-09 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Pneumatic precision sowing equipment and method for corn belt-shaped clean area sowing
CN113424709A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-24 中国农业大学 Strip no-tillage straw and organic fertilizer layered deep application device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140702

Termination date: 20190116

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee