CN202043424U - Full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straw - Google Patents

Full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202043424U
CN202043424U CN2011201267539U CN201120126753U CN202043424U CN 202043424 U CN202043424 U CN 202043424U CN 2011201267539 U CN2011201267539 U CN 2011201267539U CN 201120126753 U CN201120126753 U CN 201120126753U CN 202043424 U CN202043424 U CN 202043424U
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China
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side plate
sowing
rotary tillage
stalk
soil
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011201267539U
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Chinese (zh)
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李扬
刘香坤
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an agricultural machine, particularly a full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straws with three functions of straw returning, rotary tillage and sowing. A straw returning mechanism arranged at the front end of a large side plate (7) is connected with a rotary tillage mechanism arranged at the central section of the large side plate (7) via a driving wheel (1). A fertilizing and sowing mechanism arranged at the rear part of the large side plate (7) is driven by a press ground wheel group (11). The three functions of straw returning, rotary tillage and sowing are integrated into one body by the novel machine of the utility model so as to realize the advantage complementary and greatly lower the power consumption. Meanwhile, the full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straws also has the advantages of compact structure, energy saving, consumption reduction, environmental protection and good synergistic interaction. The maximal advantage of the machine is that straws are crushed and chopped for a second time and then are injected to a ground via a dome after the ground is subject to rotary tillage and sowing. The rotary tillage mechanism and the fertilizing and sowing mechanism are operated on a clean ground without straws, so that the resistance is greatly reduced. Meanwhile, the water in the soil is prevented from evaporating. The machine also has the effects of warming, moisture conservation, windproof performance, sand solidification and weed control.

Description

Stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine
Technical field: the utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, specifically is straw-returning, rotary tillage and three kinds of function collection of sowing stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine all over the body.
Background technology: along with carrying forward vigorously of China's agricultural machinery subsidy policy, large and middle tractor has formed universalness and has come into huge numbers of families, promotes laying the foundation for the research and development of large-scale supporting agricultural machinery.And agricultural machinery cooperative society develop rapidly and growth impels soil circulation, make arable land large tracts of land scale, intensive cropping become possibility.The a large amount of surplus labors' in rural area transfer causes rural laborer's in short supply and labour's appreciation, and the particularly raising of fuel price in recent years increases substantially peasant's the cost of cultivating, and this has created condition for the popularization of new and effective agricultural machinery.
But since China promoted straw-returning, the area of straw-returning enlarges rapidly to be popularized, but its shortcoming is also obvious day by day.Because after the straw-returning, cover a thick layer of stalk in the field, to pears, raking the soil level results in blockage, have a strong impact on intensive cultivation, and thick during rotary tillage-layer stalk produces very big resistance to burying of rotary blade, stalk also produces a very large impact rotation soil after mixing soil, causes rotary tillage power to increase, and the rotary tillage quality descends.The also remaining a large amount of stalks in the face of land after the rotary tillage, this is also influential to rotary tillage, sowing, results in blockage, broadcast leakage happens occasionally, and causes the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling.Stalk after screwing in soil is maked somebody a mere figurehead soil, causes and runs wind gas leakage, causes a little less than the dead seedling of seedling.And straw cutting apparatus and the rotovator unit inefficiency sold on the present market, consumed power is big, and integrated cost significantly improves.
The utility model content: the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of associating screw sowing machine, it oversimplifies complicated planting process, realize that straw-returning, rotary tillage, fertilising, sowing once finish, reduce production costs and the stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine of peasant's labour intensity.The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: described straw-returning mechanism device is at big side plate 7 front ends, be connected with the rotary tillage mechanism of device by driving wheel 1 at big side plate 7 middle parts, ferti-seeding mechanism device is at big side plate 7 rear portions, and with wheels 11 drivings of compacting the soil.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: owing to designed straw-returning, rotary tillage and three kinds of function collection of sowing novel type all over the body, can play mutual supplement with each other's advantages after the combination, reduce power consumption greatly, has synergistic function, 3 times workload once can be finished, operating efficiency is enhanced about more than once, and comprehensive energy consumption reduces 50-60%.And compact conformation, energy-saving and cost-reducing environmental protection can be finished the agronomy planting requirement that the unit operation can't be finished.
1, the utility model biggest advantage is exactly the chopping of crushed stalk and secondary, through kuppe stalk is ejected into then that rotary tillage is crossed and seeded ground.Rotary tillage mechanism is not having the clean ground handling of stalk, and rotary blade rotary-cut resistance over the ground reduces greatly, and does not have the soil flowability of stalk to improve greatly yet, and the energy consumption of rotary tillage mechanism can reduce greatly.Ferti-seeding mechanism can improve greatly in the clean ground trafficability characteristic that does not have stalk, also descends greatly by resistance.Because stalk does not mix soil fully, but all cover after planting ground, at first after the crushed stalk, self contain under the large quantity of moisture and ooze, root with the guarantee wheat seed, and prevent soil water evaporation, play the effect that heats soil moisture conservation, can also check winds and fix drifting sand and play environmental-protection function, and certain grass effect of killing is arranged.Be specially adapted to dust storm, the serious area, great Northwest of arid.Promote report and agricultural production experience for many years according to agrotechnical department of the countries concerned, face of land stalk covers and can reduce single cropping irrigation 1-2 water, and this is not a decimal fractions for those arid areas.The winter-spring season behind the wheat cultivation particularly, wind is many especially, and the face of land is exposed, and soil moisture is scraped dried soon, very easily causes wheat seeding to be freezed to death.So the popularization of this machine is to reducing peasant's labour intensity, catching up with short kind early in farming season, positive role is played in the volume increase of keeping a full stand of seedings.
2, straw-returning mechanism is on the basis of traditional straw cutting apparatus, increasing the conversion of rotation stationary knife group and function rolls, by the straw cutting apparatus main shaft stalk is tentatively pulverized the back impelling and carry out the secondary chopping to rotating the stationary knife place, then stalk flow through kuppe by impelling to the exit, outer tangent plane is rolled in the function conversion that promotes to install, make it to rotate, the kinetic energy that high speed stalk stream is laid in converts the mechanical energy secondary to and promotes driving shaft work, can raise the efficiency about 18.8%.Because the rotation stationary knife is installed in outside the pulverizing chamber, has only blade to put in the pulverizing chamber, so cutterhead (blade) can be sufficiently large, is enough to satisfy job requirement.Cutterhead (blade) adopts the high-quality sawtooth pattern to shear cutterhead (blade), and is sharp.The stalk stream that cutterhead (blade) high speed rotating and main shaft impelling are come is relative motion, and its linear velocity of making a concerted effort can reach about 80 meter per seconds, is enough to cut off soft and fine hair.Because rotation being installed in outside the pulverizing chamber of stationary knife do not form installation step, more be difficult for bonding earth again,, but also save power so its chopping effect can improve more.
3, deep soil loosing shovel is at first installed by rotary tillage mechanism on the basis of traditional rotovator.The powerful forward thrust work that deep soil loosing shovel produces when utilizing rotovator work realizes dark pine, can improve general power about 20%, can also as fertilizer sources layering deep placement utensil.At soil impelling mouth place, rotovator back power conversion being installed rolls, power conversion is rolled by a lot of teeth and is formed, when rolling the tooth of outer tangent plane, the conversion of soil block impact dynamic that the rotary tillage shaft high-speed projectile goes out forms the secondary pulverizing, producing thrust promotion conversion lift-over simultaneously moves, the kinetic energy of being laid in of being turned up soil by throwing soil is converted to mechanical energy, and about 35% the power secondary that can also produce the input general power promotes rotary tillage shaft work.
Description of drawings: Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model
Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the hack basket structure figure from Fig. 1
Fig. 4 is the rotation stationary knife structure chart of Fig. 1
Fig. 5 is that the power conversion of Fig. 1 is rolled structural representation
Fig. 6 is the straw-returning mechanism transmission schematic diagram from Fig. 1
Fig. 7 is the upward view of Fig. 6
Fig. 8 is the upward view of Fig. 5
Embodiment: embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, described straw-returning mechanism device is at big side plate 7 front ends, is connected with the rotary tillage mechanism of device at big side plate 7 middle parts by driving wheel 1, ferti-seeding mechanism device is at big side plate 7 rear portions, and with wheels 11 drivings of compacting the soil.
Embodiment 2: as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7, the driving wheel 1 of described straw-returning mechanism by belt, pulverize arbor wheel 2 and rotation stationary knife group 3 is connected, kuppe 4 devices are at back, function conversion roller chain wheel 9 and function conversion are rolled 10 devices in kuppe 4 rear ends, are connected with main shaft drives sprocket wheel 16 by belt.
Embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, ferti-seeding case 5 devices of described ferti-seeding mechanism are on big side plate 7 tops, drive sprocket 6 devices are in ferti-seeding case 5 one sides, and be connected with compact the soil wheels sprocket wheel 12, the compact the soil wheels 11 of device on gripper shoe 27 by chain, sowing building pin 8 devices are in gripper shoe 27 middle and lower parts.
Embodiment 4: as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8, rotary blade main shaft drives sprocket wheel 16 devices of described rotary tillage mechanism are in rotary blade main shaft 15 1 sides, build stalk plough 18 and be fixed on middle part, deep soil loosing shovel 17 left side, and device is in big side plate 7 middle and lower parts, gear piece 21 and hack cage support 19 fixtures on hack cage axle 20, cutterhead 23 and spacer sleeve 24 fixtures are on stationary knife axle 22, scraping thick stick 25 devices are in gripper shoe 27 middle and lower parts, limit dark rod 26 devices in big side plate 7 posterior ends, power conversion roll 13 and power conversion roller chain wheel 14 devices at big side plate 7 middle parts, and be connected with main shaft drives sprocket wheel 16 by chain.
The utility model is comprehensive multi-functional, as separately forming three products with standalone feature.

Claims (4)

1. screw sowing machine is united in a stalk all standing, it is characterized in that straw-returning mechanism device is at big side plate (7) front end, is connected with the rotary tillage mechanism of device at big side plate (7) middle part by driving wheel (1), ferti-seeding mechanism device is at side plate (7) rear portion greatly, and drives with the wheels of compacting the soil (11).
2. stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine according to claim 1, the driving wheel (1) that it is characterized in that straw-returning mechanism is connected by belt, pulverizing arbor wheel (2) and rotation stationary knife group (3), kuppe (4) device is at back, function conversion roller chain wheel (9) and function conversion are rolled (10) device and are connected with main shaft drives sprocket wheel (16) by belt in kuppe (4) rear end.
3. stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine according to claim 1, ferti-seeding case (5) device that it is characterized in that ferti-seeding mechanism is on big side plate (7) top, drive sprocket (6) device is in ferti-seeding case (5) one sides, and be connected with compact the soil wheels sprocket wheel (12), the compact the soil wheels (11) of device on gripper shoe (27) by chain, sowing building pin (8) device is in gripper shoe (27) middle and lower part.
4. stalk all standing associating screw sowing machine according to claim 2, rotary blade main shaft drives sprocket wheel (16) device that it is characterized in that rotary tillage mechanism is in rotary blade main shaft (15) one sides, build stalk plough (18) and be fixed on middle part, deep soil loosing shovel (a 17) left side, and device is in big side plate (7) middle and lower part, gear piece (21) and hack cage support (19) fixture are on hack cage axle (20), cutterhead (23) and spacer sleeve (24) fixture are on stationary knife axle (22), scraping thick stick (25) device is in gripper shoe (27) middle and lower part, limit dark rod (26) device in big side plate (7) posterior end, power conversion roller chain wheel (14) and power conversion are rolled (13) device at big side plate (7) middle part, and are connected with rotary blade main shaft drives sprocket wheel (16) by chain.
CN2011201267539U 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 Full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straw Expired - Fee Related CN202043424U (en)

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CN2011201267539U CN202043424U (en) 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 Full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straw

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201267539U CN202043424U (en) 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 Full-coverage combined rotary sowing machine for straw

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103109603A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-05-22 江苏升亚泵阀制造有限公司 Combined operation machine of straw baling and rotary tillage sowing based on single machine driving
CN103141173A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-12 臧永强 Straw-mulching stubble-cleaning ditching seeding machine
CN103733753A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Wheat no-tillage seeding machine suitable for full straw mulched ground operation

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103109603A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-05-22 江苏升亚泵阀制造有限公司 Combined operation machine of straw baling and rotary tillage sowing based on single machine driving
CN103109603B (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-11-26 江苏升亚泵阀制造有限公司 Combined operation machine of straw baling and rotary tillage sowing based on single machine driving
CN103141173A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-12 臧永强 Straw-mulching stubble-cleaning ditching seeding machine
CN103733753A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Wheat no-tillage seeding machine suitable for full straw mulched ground operation
CN103733753B (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-08-24 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of wheat no-tillage planter being suitable to full straw covering plot operation

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Granted publication date: 20111123

Termination date: 20120420