CN210470217U - Triangular seedling-fixing no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn - Google Patents

Triangular seedling-fixing no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210470217U
CN210470217U CN201921191328.0U CN201921191328U CN210470217U CN 210470217 U CN210470217 U CN 210470217U CN 201921191328 U CN201921191328 U CN 201921191328U CN 210470217 U CN210470217 U CN 210470217U
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seed
sowing
corn
fertilizer
fertilizing
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CN201921191328.0U
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鲁镇胜
常树堂
师文峰
白卫卫
冯小丽
郭栋
李广兴
冯玉晓
曹广义
闫跃东
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Luohe Agricultural Machinery Extension Service Center
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Luohe Agricultural Machinery Extension Service Center
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a corn triangle final singling no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine, which removes a hoe break shovel and a depth wheel on the prior corn planter, a belt processing device is installed at the position of the hoe break shovel, a plurality of groups of anti-winding blades which can rotate along with a cutter shaft are arranged on the cutter shaft of the belt processing device, each group of anti-winding blades corresponds to a group of sowing furrow openers at the back, a land wheel rotates and drives a seed sowing device and a fertilizer discharging device to rotate, and fertilizing and seeding operation is carried out in a processing area formed by the rotation of the cutter shaft of the belt processing device through the group of sowing furrow openers and the fertilizing furrow opener; the utility model uses the belt processing device to replace a hoe break shovel and a depth wheel on the prior corn planter, and the straw and soil are crushed by the belt processing device, thereby solving the problem of blockage of straw and soil at the position of the planter group; the distance between the corresponding seed sowing devices is adjusted to form a triangular seedling setting and sowing function, and the sowing density of the corn is increased under the condition of not changing the sowing plant distance and the basic row distance.

Description

Triangular seedling-fixing no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a corn triangle seedling setting no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine.
Background art:
in the three summer corn sowing season, the sowing machine is a necessary planting machine for planting corn, particularly in the soil moisture robbing and time robbing stubble pasting sowing links, the coverage of the front stubble straw is large, and the sowing environment is severe; meanwhile, the corn kernel direct harvesting technology requires close planting cultivation of various corn varieties, and corresponding seeder types are specially introduced according to the agricultural requirements.
The existing corn seeding machines are all composite seeding machines, the seeding and fertilizing operation of seeds and fertilizers is realized once, and the concrete operation is as follows: the hoe scarification shovel loosens the soil by the front hoe scarifier, the depth of the hoe scarifier is limited by the depth limiting wheel, ditching and fertilizing are carried out through the fertilizing ditcher connected with the fertilizer distributor after the scarification, the rear seed sowing device carries out seed sowing and realizes sowing and covering through the sowing ditcher and the soil covering device, and the rotation of the seed sowing device and the fertilizer distributor is driven through the ground wheel arranged on the rear side of the soil covering device through a chain, so that the hoe scarifier is simple to operate and use, and the planting operation can be quickly realized. However, in the existing corn planter, when the soil moisture content is large and a large amount of straws cover the ground surface, because the front hoe soil loosening shovel, the fertilizing furrow opener and the seeding furrow opener are close to each other, a large amount of soil layers loosened by the hoe and the straws brought by the hoe are accumulated and blocked at the fertilizing furrow opener and the seeding furrow opener of the planter, and the planter needs to be lifted for cleaning every certain distance of operation, and can not sow normally; in the process of taking away a large amount of loose soil and straws, seeds are also dragged to cause displacement and difficult positioning; meanwhile, after the seeds are dragged to move away from the soil layer by the fertilizing furrower and the sowing furrower of the seeder, the sowed seeds are aired on the ground surface and cannot be covered, and seed airing and the like are formed; in a word, under the condition that soil moisture content is large and a large amount of straws are covered on the ground surface, seeding quality is affected due to serious phenomena of broken seeding, ridge missing, seed airing and seed displacement caused by blocking of machines and tools.
The utility model has the following contents:
the utility model discloses the technical problem that will solve is: the defects in the prior art are overcome, a series of problems caused by straw blockage are solved by arranging the belt treatment device on the prior corn planter, the environment of a seedbed is improved, and seeds are smoothly planted; meanwhile, the seed sowing device group is arranged, the corresponding seed sowing device interval is adjusted, the seed positioning sowing is realized, the sowing density is improved, and the triangular seedling setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for the corn with the triangular seedling setting and sowing functions is formed.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: a no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for triangular seedling-fixing of corn is composed of machine frame, seed treating unit, fertilizer applicator and seeder. The seed sowing device is arranged on the machine frame, and the machine frame at the seed sowing device end is provided with a connecting piece connected with a tractor; the fertilizer applying device comprises a fertilizer box, a fertilizer distributor and a fertilizer furrow opener; the belt processing device comprises a gearbox, a cutter shaft and an anti-winding cutter group; the seeder comprises a seed metering device, a seeding furrow opener and a soil covering device; a frame at the rear side of the seeder is provided with a hinged land wheel, and the land wheel drives the seed sowing device and the fertilizer distributor to rotate through a chain; the seed sowing device is provided with a seed sowing gearbox, and is characterized in that: the seeder corresponds the setting around and is two at least with the fertilization furrow opener, and antiwind knife tackle is formed by four at least antiwind blades, and two at least antiwind knife tackle intervals set up on the arbor, form treatment area and no-tillage district on the arbor, and the treatment area that disseminator, fertilization furrow opener and antiwind knife tackle formed is in same axis, the seed metering ware is two, and sets up seeding furrow opener both sides to be in with the setting respectively two seed metering access connection in the seeding furrow opener.
Further, the land wheel with be provided with reset spring between the frame, the land wheel passes through the chain and drives the driving shaft rotation, and the driving shaft passes through the chain and drives seed metering gearbox and driven shaft rotate, and the driven shaft passes through the chain and drives the fertilizer distributor rotates, passes through universal joint and scalable square bushing between the driven shaft.
Furthermore, the seed sowing device is a seed sowing group consisting of two spoon-wheel type seed sowing devices, the two spoon-wheel type seed sowing devices in each group are connected back to back by a coaxial rotating shaft, and one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a seed sowing gearbox through a chain; each group of two seed metering devices work independently, and the seed feeding intervals are staggered by 180 degrees.
Furthermore, the distance between two seed discharging channels in the sowing furrow opener is 150mm, and the distance between two adjacent fertilizing furrow openers is 600 mm.
Furthermore, the anti-winding blade is a rectangular blade, one end of the anti-winding blade is arranged to be in a triangular structure, and the other end of the anti-winding blade is provided with a cutter shaft connecting block.
Furthermore, the fertilizer distributor connected with the fertilizer box is connected with the fertilizing furrower through a gooseneck hose.
Furthermore, the soil covering device is hinged to the rear side of the sowing furrow opener through a soil covering device connecting frame.
Furthermore, the fertilizing furrower and the seeder are fixed on the frame by a U-shaped clamp.
The utility model has the advantages or effects that:
1. the utility model uses the belt processing device to replace a hoe break shovel and a depth wheel on the prior corn planter, and uses the anti-winding cutter group to operate the straw and the soil, so that the soil of the seed bed is loosened, and the problem of clogging of the soil and the straw at the sowing and fertilizing furrow opener is solved; meanwhile, two seed sowing devices are arranged on one sowing device to form a seed sowing device group, so that the machine has a triangular seedling setting and sowing function, the sowing density of the corn is improved under the condition of not changing the sowing plant spacing and the row spacing, the generation of crop photosynthetic substances is facilitated, the close planting of the corn is finally realized, and the yield is increased efficiently.
2. The utility model discloses in form antiwind knife tackle by four at least antiwind blades, and two at least antiwind knife tackle intervals set up on the arbor, form treatment area and no-tillage district on the arbor, when the arbor drives the antiwind blade and rotates, antiwind blade smashes the straw and the soil in treatment area, when realizing loosening the soil, has solved the straw and has blockked up stifled problem.
3. The utility model provides a processing area that disseminator, fertilization furrow opener and antiwind knife tackle formed is in same axis, and antiwind knife tackle is to straw and soil crushing back, and fertilization furrow opener and disseminator are direct to be applied fertilizer and sow on the soil after the operation, because the straw and the soil in no-tillage district are not smashed, and retaining soil moisture conservation is effectual, is favorable to the later stage growth of maize.
4. The utility model discloses set up two spoon disk formula seed metering wares that link together back to back in seeding furrow opener both sides, the coaxial interconnect of pivot of two spoon disk formula seed metering wares, land wheel drive, a seed case and one set of seed plant spacing adjusting device (seed metering gearbox) of its sharing realize synchronous rotation.
5. The utility model discloses in two spoon disk seed metering wares throw kind interval 180 stagger each other, and respectively correspond a seed metering passageway below every seed metering ware, the seed orbit after the seeding is two sharp 150mm apart from each other, a seed tape promptly, the seed on this seed tape becomes equidistant "it" style of calligraphy and distributes, every arbitrary three seeds that face become "chelate triangle" and arrange, under the condition that does not change seeding plant spacing and row spacing (real row spacing change is very little, can not influence the row to the harvest that maize machinery directly received), the seeding density that has both improved the maize is favorable to crop photosynthetic substance to generate again, have great significance to the improvement of maize output.
6. The fertilizing furrower and the seeder group in the utility model are fixed on the frame by the U-shaped clamp, can be adjusted according to the requirements of agriculture and harvesting machinery, and the adjustment principle is that the anti-winding cutter group, the fertilizing furrower and the seeder group are centered; the distance between two adjacent fertilizing furrower is 600mm at first, and the distance between the central lines of two adjacent seed belts is 600mm, so that the requirement of the corn harvester on the row spacing is met, the harvesting operation of the corn harvester can be met, and the operation is convenient and fast.
7. The utility model discloses in every disseminator all through the chain by the land wheel drive of its rear side, the driven shaft on every disseminator passes through universal joint and scalable square bushing, forms a whole, when land wheel contact ground rotates, can drive all from the driving wheel, seed metering ware and fertilizer distributor rotate, realizes whole synchronous rotation, prevents that a land wheel from not contacting ground when not rotating, causes the emergence by the not rotation condition of its driven seed metering ware and fertilizer distributor.
8. The utility model provides a land wheel is under gravity and the spring force effect that resets separately, and the land wheel becomes the profile modeling structure with ground, compresses tightly ground, prevents to skid and lacks the seedling broken ridge phenomenon and appear, and they drive the seed metering ware work by the frictional force on ground when separately the land wheel rotates for the drive power of seed metering ware, replace the drive power that provides through the tractor in the past, reduce the load of tractor.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn.
Fig. 2 is another structure schematic diagram of the triangle seedling no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn.
Fig. 3 is a left side view of fig. 1 and 2.
Fig. 4 is a right side view of fig. 1 and 2.
FIG. 5 is a front view of the seed meter.
FIG. 6 is a rear view of the seed meter.
Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken along line a-a in fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the construction of a seed tape for sowing a seed using the present application.
Fig. 9 is a front view of the fertigation opener arrangement in connection with a frame.
Fig. 10 is a top view of the fertigation opener arrangement in connection with a frame.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
example (b): referring to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8, fig. 9 and fig. 10, in the drawings, 1-frame, 2-connecting piece, 3-fertilizer box, 4-fertilizer apparatus, 5-fertilizer opener, 6-gear box, 7-belt processing device cutter shaft, 8-anti-winding blade, 9-seed box, 10-seed metering device, 11-seeding opener, 12-soil covering device, 13-land wheel, 14-chain, 15-seed metering gear box, 16-seed metering channel, 17-reset spring, 18-driving shaft, 19-driven shaft, 20-rotating shaft, 21-gooseneck hose, 22-soil covering device connecting frame, 23-power input shaft, 24-U-shaped card.
a-seed tape, b-fertilizer, c-seed trajectory 1, d-seed trajectory 2, c 1-seed, d 1-seed, d 2-is the projection of d1 on the other seed trajectory.
This application gets rid of preceding hoe break shovel and gauge wheel on current corn drill, and install the position department of hoe break shovel in the front, take processing apparatus gearbox of installation, on the arbor below taking the processing apparatus gearbox, set up multiunit antiwind knife tackle that the multiunit can be rotatory along with taking processing apparatus's arbor, every antiwind knife tackle of group corresponds a set of at the back seeding furrow opener, the drive power of taking the processing apparatus arbor, come from tractor rear power output shaft, the land wheel rotates and drives seed metering ware and fertilizer discharging ware and rotate, carry out the fertilizing and seeding operation in the disposal area that antiwind knife tackle rotated the formation through seeding furrow opener and fertilization furrow opener.
The concrete structure is as follows:
the seeder comprises a frame 1, a seed treatment device, a fertilizing device and a seeder, wherein the seed treatment device and the seeder are arranged on the frame 1, a connecting piece 2 connected with a tractor is arranged on the frame 1 at the end of the seed treatment device, the fertilizing device comprises a fertilizer box 3, a fertilizer distributor 4 and a fertilizing furrow opener 5, the seed treatment device comprises a gearbox 6, a cutter shaft 7 and an anti-winding blade 8, the seeder comprises a seed box 9, a seed sowing device 10, a sowing furrow opener 11 and a soil covering device 12, a land wheel 13 is hinged on the frame 1 at the rear side of the seeder, the land wheel 13 drives the seed sowing device 10 and the fertilizer distributor 4 to rotate through a chain 14, the seed sowing device 10 is provided with a seed sowing gearbox 15, the seeder and the fertilizing furrow opener 5 are correspondingly arranged in front and back and are at least two, at least four anti-winding blades 8 form an anti-winding blade group, and at least two anti-winding blade groups are arranged on the cutter, a processing area and a no-tillage area are formed on the cutter shaft 7, the processing areas formed by the sowing device, the fertilizing furrower 5 and the anti-winding cutter group are positioned on the same axis, two seeding devices 10 are arranged on two sides of the sowing furrower 11 and are respectively connected with two seeding channels 16 arranged in the sowing furrower 11.
Furthermore, a return spring 17 is arranged between the land wheel 13 and the frame 1, the land wheel 13 drives a driving shaft 18 to rotate through a chain 14, the driving shaft 18 drives a seed sowing gearbox 15 and a driven shaft 19 to rotate through the chain 14, the driven shaft 19 drives the fertilizer distributor 4 to rotate through the chain 14, and the driven shafts 19 are connected through a universal joint telescopic square sleeve.
Further, the seed metering device 10 is a bucket wheel type seed metering device group, two rotating shafts 20 of the seed metering device are mutually linked by coaxial rotating shafts back to back, one end of each rotating shaft 20 is connected with a seed metering gear box through a chain 14, two seed metering devices in each group work independently, and the seed feeding intervals are staggered by 180 degrees.
Further, the distance between two seed discharging channels 16 in the sowing furrow opener 11 is 150mm, and the distance between two adjacent fertilizing furrow openers 5 is 600 mm.
Further, the anti-winding blade 8 is a rectangular blade, one end of the anti-winding blade is arranged to be a triangular structure, and the other end of the anti-winding blade is provided with a cutter shaft connecting block.
Further, a fertilizer distributor 4 connected with the fertilizer box 3 is connected with a fertilizing furrower 5 through a gooseneck hose 21.
Further, the coverer 12 is hinged to the rear side of the sowing boot 11 by a coverer attachment frame 22.
Furthermore, the fertilizing furrower 5 and the seeder are fixed on the frame 1 by a U-shaped clamp 24.
When the fertilizer applying and sowing machine is used, a tractor is connected with the rack 1 through the connecting piece 2, a power output shaft behind the tractor is connected with a power input shaft 23 of the gearbox 6, fertilizer and seeds are placed in the fertilizer box 3 and the seed box 9, and the tractor drives the cutter shaft 7 with the treatment device to rotate and simultaneously drives the rack 1 to integrally move forward to perform fertilizer applying and sowing operations.
Wherein, the antiwind knife tackle that four at least antiwind blades 8 formed is rotatory along with arbor 7, and every group knife tackle all corresponds a seeding furrow opener 11 at the back, and the antiwind knife tackle is rotatory time will be in advance with the seeding region probably lead to blockking up the straw of stifled part and pull open or smash, forms the treatment area on the seeding piece in advance, prevents to twine seeding, fertilization furrow opener group, and loose belted soil layer is favorable to the seed to be planted, guarantees the normal operation of seeder.
The land wheel 13 rolls on the ground, and drives the driving shaft 18 to rotate through the chain 14, the driving shaft 18 drives the driven shaft 19 and the seed plant spacing adjusting speed change mechanism (seed sowing gearbox 15) to rotate through the chain 14, the driven shaft 19 drives the fertilizer distributor 4 to rotate through the chain 14, the fertilizer distributor 4 realizes that fertilizer enters the fertilizing furrow opener 5 through the gooseneck hose 21 for fertilizing, the seed plant spacing adjusting speed change mechanism drives the bucket wheel type seed sowing device 10 to rotate through the chain 14, the bucket wheel type seed sowing device 10 realizes that the fertilizer is sown through two seed sowing channels 16 in the sowing furrow opener 11, and earthing operation is carried out under the action of the soil coverer 12, and sowing operation is completed.
The corn planter is improved on the basis of a 2BMFJ-3 corn planter produced by Henan Haofeng mechanical manufacturing limited company, a belt processing device is improved on the basis of a rotary cultivator, and the greatest difference is the arrangement mode of blades on a cutter shaft.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention in any way, and all simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made by the technical spirit of the present invention to the above embodiments still fall within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A corn triangular seedling-fixing no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine comprises a frame, a seed belt processing device, a fertilizing device and a seeding machine, wherein the seed belt processing device and the seeding machine are both arranged on the frame, and a connecting piece connected with a tractor is arranged on the frame at the end of the seed belt processing device; the fertilizer applying device comprises a fertilizer box, a fertilizer distributor and a fertilizer furrow opener; the belt processing device comprises a gearbox, a cutter shaft and an anti-winding cutter group; the seeder comprises a seed metering device, a seeding furrow opener and a soil covering device; a frame at the rear side of the seeder is provided with a hinged land wheel, and the land wheel drives the seed sowing device and the fertilizer distributor to rotate through a chain; the seed sowing device is provided with a seed sowing gearbox, and is characterized in that: the seeder and the fertilization furrow opener correspond the setting and be at least two around, and antiwind knife tackle is four at least antiwind blade formation, and two at least antiwind knife tackle intervals set up on the arbor, form treatment area and no-tillage district on the arbor, and the treatment area that disseminator, fertilization furrow opener and antiwind knife tackle formed is in same axis, the seed metering ware is two, and sets up seeding furrow opener both sides to be in with the setting respectively two seed metering access connection in the seeding furrow opener.
2. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the land wheel with be provided with reset spring between the frame, the land wheel passes through the chain and drives the driving shaft rotation, and the driving shaft passes through the chain and drives seed metering gearbox and driven shaft rotate, and the driven shaft passes through the chain and drives the fertilizer apparatus rotates, passes through universal joint and scalable square bushing between the driven shaft and connects.
3. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the seed sowing device is a seed sowing device group consisting of two spoon-wheel type seed sowing devices, the two spoon-wheel type seed sowing devices in each group are linked back to back by a coaxial rotating shaft, and one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a seed sowing gearbox through a chain; two scoop-wheel type seed metering devices in each group work independently, and the seed feeding intervals are staggered by 180 degrees.
4. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: two seed discharging channels in the sowing furrow opener are 150mm apart, and two adjacent fertilizing furrow openers are 600mm apart.
5. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the anti-winding blade is a rectangular blade, one end of the anti-winding blade is arranged to be a triangular structure, and the other end of the anti-winding blade is provided with a cutter shaft connecting block.
6. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fertilizer apparatus connected with the fertilizer box is connected with the fertilizing furrower through a gooseneck hose.
7. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the soil covering device is hinged to the rear side of the sowing furrow opener through a soil covering device connecting frame.
8. The triangular seedling-setting no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill of corn as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fertilizing furrower and the seeder are fixed on the frame by a U-shaped clamp.
CN201921191328.0U 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Triangular seedling-fixing no-tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill for corn Active CN210470217U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110506462A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-11-29 漯河市农机推广服务中心 A kind of novel corn triangle final singling no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
CN111919528A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-13 吉林大学 Ditching device of corn no-tillage seeder
CN113557808A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-29 哈尔滨市农业科学院 No-tillage or minimum-tillage seeder belt straw cleaning device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110506462A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-11-29 漯河市农机推广服务中心 A kind of novel corn triangle final singling no-tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
CN111919528A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-13 吉林大学 Ditching device of corn no-tillage seeder
CN113557808A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-29 哈尔滨市农业科学院 No-tillage or minimum-tillage seeder belt straw cleaning device

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