CN104335736B - Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat - Google Patents

Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104335736B
CN104335736B CN201410542022.0A CN201410542022A CN104335736B CN 104335736 B CN104335736 B CN 104335736B CN 201410542022 A CN201410542022 A CN 201410542022A CN 104335736 B CN104335736 B CN 104335736B
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China
Prior art keywords
seed
bed
outfit
arranging
reorganize
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410542022.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104335736A (en
Inventor
李其昀
程修沛
贾晓东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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Abstract

The invention relates to an equal-depth and wide seed opener for deep fertilization of wheat and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The opener comprises a front cutting edge, a fertilization pipe, a seed conveying pipe, a seed distributing box, and seedbed reconditioning machines for equal-depth seeding operation by a no-tillage and wide zone seeder. The front cutting edge and the fertilization pipe are integrally welded and soil in the operating process moves toward two sides to form a seed channel for the deep fertilization; the three-way seed conveying pipe is separated in the middle, so that the independent wide seeding at two sides is achieved; the seed distributing box and the seedbed reconditioning machines follow the fertilization pipe to move forward, the M type seed bed reconditioning machines are symmetrically arranged below the seed distributing box in forms of sharp corners, and a seed scattering plate on the bottom surface is provided with an ejecting bump. During work, the M type seed bed reconditioning machines on the bottoms of tow sides of the seed distributing box level the bottom of a trench with the uneven surface so as to form a wide dustpan-shaped plane with a trench cross section, and meanwhile, seeds fall into the seed distributing box by virtue of the three-way seed conveying pipe and are repeatedly ejected and uniformly scattered to a level seedbed by virtue of the seed scattering plate, so that the equal-depth uniform seeding is achieved.

Description

A kind of high-bit width width seed opener such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying
Technical field
Patent of the present invention is related to a kind of a kind of little used in conservation tillage and Huang-Huai-Hai Wheat wide operation The high-bit width width seed opener such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Conservation tillage has obtained rapid development in China, and in protective farming technique, no-tillage seeding technology is to close Key, one of key link of conservation tillage system promotion and implementation is the no-tillage seeding machine with perfect performance, reliable in quality, with Protective farming technique is identical, and the key of Wheat wide plantation is also Wheat wide seeder.No-tillage seeding machine and Wheat wide Soil compared with regular drill, in addition to having required preferable anti-blocking performance, on a formation kind bed, impact seeding quality for the seeder Earth workpiece plough, also has special requirement.Currently employed most be kind of a band rotary tillage sowing machine, wide cut is sowed Mostly using kind of a band rotary tillage, its plough is essentially all defeated kind of head, effect of not ditching, and is to rely on the ditch that rotary cultivator is outputed to enter Row sowing, rotary cultivator itself has the irregular shortcoming of rotary tillage bottom of trench, in addition in the kind band being wider than single rotary blade working width Inside sow seed, more cause depth of planting extremely uneven, depth gap is larger, have a strong impact on seeding operation quality, cause out Seedling time phase difference is very big, and according to examination, seed level differs in 1~7cm, has individually 10cm, and seedling-growing time differs typically at 1~5 day not Deng, in some cases because sowing is too deep, also can making emergence difficult, or even the extreme phenomenon not out of seedling, have become as shadow Ring the bottleneck problem that both seeding methods are promoted.In addition, the problems such as also have sowing skewness, these problems directly affect To the ultimate output of crop, in the urgent need to address.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of can overcome disadvantages described above, realize the little of the contour uniform sowing of Wheat wide simultaneously The high-bit width width seed opener such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of sowing of the high-bit width width such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying is opened Ditch device, reorganizes and outfit device etc. including front cutting edge mouth, fertilising pipe, seed spout, arranging seed box, kind bed, can be used for no-tillage seeding machine and wide kind band Seeder etc. is sequentially completed the situation of rotary tillage, anti-blocking, trench digging, fertilising, sowing and the operation such as earthing using rotary tillage form.Fertilising pipe Integrally welded with front cutting edge mouth, narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing and ploughshare constitute front cutting edge mouth, in operation process, ploughshare buries, and soil is narrow To both sides displacement under fertile ditch shovel wing effect, output fertile ditch and carry out deep fertilizer spraying, after fertilising, soil falls after rise, cover fertilizer;Sowing with Kind of bed apparatus for leveling includes threeway seed spout, arranging seed box and plants bed and reorganize and outfit device etc., and threeway seed spout is spaced intermediate, and to realize both sides only Vertical sowing, threeway seed spout is integral with arranging seed box seam, realizes both sides wide cut sowing;Below arranging seed box, both sides are provided with symmetrically Device reorganized and outfit by the M type kind bed of arrangement, and in wedge angle form, arranging seed box and kind bed are reorganized and outfit and being welded on fertilising pipe before device, follow fertilising closely Pipe, by soil to both sides separately, can reduce advance resistance, and arranging seed box bottom surface is to dissipate kind of a plate, dissipates and is provided with ejection above kind of plate Raised.During work, first device is reorganized and outfit by the M type kind bed of the wedge angle form reorganizing and outfit curved design in arranging seed box two side bottom kind bed, will The irregular bottom of trench that earth's surface and rotary blade are outputed is flattened, and is formed in the dustpan shaped plane in ditch section of wide cut, simultaneously by The seed that feed mechanism for seed is discharged is transported in threeway seed spout by seed spout road, drops to the ejection projection that arranging seed box bottom surface dissipates kind of plate On, then the scatter plate of secondary bounce to fabric box top carries out rescattering, be scattered around backward uniformly to scatter distribution, then warp Repeatedly launch, fall and reorganized and outfit on the smooth kind bed that curved surface is reorganized and outfit by kind of bed it is achieved that waiting high-order uniformly sowing.
Possess the high-bit width width seed opener such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying of above design feature had the advantage that as follows:Deep placement Fertile structure decreases soil-entering resistance, ensures that fertilization depth adapts to seed growth simultaneously, provides sufficient nutrient for it;Arranging seed box and Kind of bed is reorganized and outfit and being welded on fertilising pipe device before, following fertilising closely and managing, and can reduce advance resistance, and avoids stalk and weeds It is wound around and block;The M type space curved surface kind bed of the kind box two side bottom pointed shape formula designed by sowing structure reorganizes and outfit device, Ke Yiyou The bottom of trench that rotary blade is outputed of effect is flattened, and plants the smooth high-order sowing that waits for seed of bed and carries out sufficient preparation;The bottom wing is adopted With plane section, trigonometric expression, reasonable in design, it can in extruded channels both sides soil, output the smooth wide cut dustpan in bottom surface Type kind ditch is it is ensured that seed falls on the kind bed waiting elevation plane;Using during rotary tiller operation, in plough front lower place Fall back to earth's surface through the soil that some is thrown by rotary blade, plant bed and reorganize and outfit device when reorganizing and outfit kind of bed, some is loose Soil is located at lower section and the both sides on kind of bed surface, and the lower section in the place therefore falling in seed, the soil of Kuan Gou both sides are loose , add that the soil covering below is also loose, so built the good kind bed of germination and root growth, well Plant bed solve the problems, such as germination and root growth it is ensured that the uniformity of depth of planting, substantially increase sowing matter Amount.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the high-bit width width seed opener front views such as this wheat deep fertilizer spraying;
Fig. 2 is the high-bit width width seed opener arranging seed box top I-I sectional views such as this wheat deep fertilizer spraying;
Fig. 3 is the high-bit width width seed opener upward views such as this wheat deep fertilizer spraying;
Fig. 4 is ditch shape and sowing generalized section after the high-bit width width seed openers such as this wheat deep fertilizer spraying trench digging.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings embodiments of the invention are described:
Shown in Fig. 1:L. fertilising is managed, 2. threeway seed spout, 3. arranging seed box, and 4. device reorganized and outfit by kind of a bed, 5. narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing, 6. Ploughshare, the 7. transition wing, 8. dissipate kind of a plate.
Front cutting edge mouth is made up of with the transition wing 7 narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing 5, ploughshare 6, and fertilising pipe 1 appropriate depth is applied fertilizer, and provides Fully nutrition, is conducive to seed sprouting.
Threeway seed spout 2 can be configured at an angle with arranging seed box 3, and that is, arranging seed box 3 and ground are in 20 °~80 °, in order to Arranging seed box(3)Smoothly fabric, depth of planting 0~60mm, fertilization depth 0~150mm, seed manure time interval 0~90mm, on seed manure Lower interval 0~90mm, is conducive to adjusting means to adapt to different sowings and requires.
Arranging seed box 3 lower section both sides are provided with the M type kind bed being arranged symmetrically and reorganize and outfit device 4, and planting bed and reorganizing and outfit device 4 is in angular shape, 10 °~70 ° of angle, two groups symmetrical, spacing 0~120mm, work bottom surface level, soil is pushed to middle on a small quantity, big portion Point to both sides separately, leveling width 80~200mm is it is ensured that the effect of leveling kind bed, reaches that kind of bed is smooth, and seed level is consistent.
Kind of bed reorganize and outfit curved surface be by with " " it is that the family five rank line smoothing of representative connects and formed.
It is designed with seed ejection projection, convex shape, can be prismatic, four prismatics, rhombus, circle in the middle part of arranging seed box 3 Deng to increase fabric even results.
By in the equipment operation of rotary tiller operation, arranging seed box 3 does not bury, but is rolled by rotary blade and digs out and portion Divide the soil top falling after throwing, kind of a bed is reorganized and outfit, and according to the good seed of agriculture requirement cloth, shape such as Fig. 4 after sowing Shown, then by the soil subsequently falling, seed is covered, native table is struck off by soil scrapper below again, then is compacted ground by press wheel Table.Seed surrounding is loose soil, forms the loose kind bed that can build germination and root system, therefore improves sowing Quality.
It should be noted last that, above example only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, although ginseng According to preferred embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the present invention Technical scheme modify or equivalent, without deviating from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be covered In the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (3)

1. the high-bit width width seed opener such as a kind of wheat deep fertilizer spraying, including fertilising pipe(1), threeway seed spout(2), arranging seed box (3), plant bed and reorganize and outfit device(4), narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing(5), ploughshare(6), the transition wing(7), dissipate kind of a plate(8), it is characterized in that, for no-tillage Seeder and wide kind are sequentially completed rotary tillage, anti-blocking, trench digging, fertilising, sowing and earthing operation with seeder using rotary tillage form Situation;Fertilising pipe(1)Integrally welded with front cutting edge mouth, narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing(5)And ploughshare(6)Constitute front cutting edge mouth, operation Ploughshare in journey(6)Bury, soil is in narrow fertilizer ditch shovel wing(5)To both sides displacement under effect, output fertile ditch and carry out deep fertilizer spraying, apply fertilizer it Soil falls after rise afterwards, covers fertilizer;Sowing includes threeway seed spout with planting bed apparatus for leveling(2), arranging seed box(3)Reorganize and outfit device with kind of a bed (4), threeway seed spout(2)Both sides of realizing spaced intermediate are independently sowed, threeway seed spout(2)With arranging seed box(3)Seam is integral, Realize both sides wide cut sowing, threeway seed spout(2)With arranging seed box(3)Configure at an angle, i.e. arranging seed box(3)With ground it is in 20 °~80 °, in order to arranging seed box(3)Smoothly fabric, depth of planting 0~60mm, fertilization depth 0~150mm, before and after seed manure between Every 0~90mm, seed manure, between the upper and lower every 0~90mm, is conducive to adjusting means to adapt to different sowings and requires;Arranging seed box(3)Lower section Both sides are provided with the M type kind bed being arranged symmetrically and reorganize and outfit device(4), plant bed and reorganize and outfit device(4)In angular shape, two groups of symmetrical, works Make bottom surface level, soil is pushed to middle on a small quantity, major part is to both sides separately;Arranging seed box(3)Reorganize and outfit device with kind of a bed(4)Before Face is welded on fertilising pipe, follows fertilising pipe closely, by soil to both sides separately, reduces advance resistance, arranging seed box(3)Bottom surface is to dissipate kind of a plate (8), dissipate kind of a plate(8)It is provided with ejection above raised;During work, first by arranging seed box(3)Two side bottom kind beds are reorganized and outfit curved surface and are set Device reorganized and outfit by the kind bed of the sharp-angle type of meter(4), the irregular bottom of trench that earth's surface and rotary blade are outputed is flattened, and forms wide cut and winnows with a dustpan In the plane in ditch section of dustpan type, the seed simultaneously discharged by feed mechanism for seed is transported to threeway seed spout by seed spout road(2)In, under Fall arranging seed box(3)Bottom surface dissipates kind of a plate(8)Ejection projection on, then secondary bounce is to arranging seed box(3)The scatter plate of top surface is carried out Rescattering, be scattered around backward uniformly to scatter distribution, then through repeatedly launching, fall by kind of bed reorganize and outfit that curved surface reorganizes and outfit smooth Plant on bed it is achieved that waiting high-order uniformly sowing.
2. the high-bit width width seed opener such as a kind of wheat deep fertilizer spraying as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Arranging seed box(3) Lower section both sides are provided with the M type kind bed being arranged symmetrically and reorganize and outfit device(4), plant bed and reorganize and outfit device(4)In angular shape, 10 ° of angle~ 70 °, two groups symmetrical, spacing 0~120mm, work bottom surface level, soil is pushed to middle on a small quantity, major part is to both sides Separately, leveling width 80~200mm is it is ensured that the effect of leveling kind bed, reaches that kind of bed is smooth, and seed level is consistent.
3. the high-bit width width seed opener such as a kind of wheat deep fertilizer spraying as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Plant bed and reorganize and outfit song Face be by with "" it is the one of representative Race five rank line smoothing connects formation.
CN201410542022.0A 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat Expired - Fee Related CN104335736B (en)

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CN104756649B (en) * 2015-04-24 2017-01-11 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Shovel type furrow opener
CN105103725B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-05-03 山东理工大学 Novel intelligent regulating isobathic seeding device for wide seedling zone
CN104996033B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-04-12 山东理工大学 Bounce-proof ditching device for wide and equal-height seeding
CN105103729B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-07-28 山东理工大学 A kind of disc type wide cut etc. seed deeplys kind of a type trench digging earthing compacting device
CN108307709A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-24 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 A kind of conservation tillage seedbed arrangement subsoiling fertilizer apparatus
CN108401597B (en) * 2018-04-03 2021-02-26 江苏大学 Uniform sowing seeder
GB2576612B (en) * 2018-07-13 2022-02-09 Robert Frank Chaplin Simon Seed sowing apparatus
CN109220139B (en) * 2018-10-16 2023-08-25 南京沃杨机械科技有限公司 Belt-shaped sowing middle deep fertilization process and device
CN111357435A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-07-03 山西农业大学 Novel combined hoe-shovel normal-position deep-fertilization wide-width sowing furrow opener
CN112335499A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-09 太仓市农业技术推广中心 Wheat seeding method and seeder
CN115053664B (en) * 2022-07-11 2024-01-19 安徽农业大学 Bionic watermelon insect type ditching all-in-one machine

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