CN103782692A - Bionic wide seedbed preparing (levelling) furrow opener - Google Patents

Bionic wide seedbed preparing (levelling) furrow opener Download PDF

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CN103782692A
CN103782692A CN201410075454.5A CN201410075454A CN103782692A CN 103782692 A CN103782692 A CN 103782692A CN 201410075454 A CN201410075454 A CN 201410075454A CN 103782692 A CN103782692 A CN 103782692A
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bed
seed
outfit
reconditioning
wide
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CN103782692B (en
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李其昀
杜瑞成
孙雪峰
杨自栋
刁培松
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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Abstract

The invention relates to a bionic wide seedbed preparing (levelling) furrow opener, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The bionic wide seedbed preparing (levelling) furrow opener comprises a seed conveying pipe, a seed distribution box, a seedbed preparing device, sword type front cutting edges and the like. The furrow opener can be used for operation conditions of rotary tillage type farming, anti-blocking operation, ditching and the like of a non-tillage planter and a wide-seedling-zone planter; the seed conveying pipe and the seed distribution box are welded together, the swordfish-gill-shaped seedbed preparing device is arranged below the seed distribution box, earthworm patterns are arranged on the swordfish-gill-shaped seedbed preparing device, the sword type front cutting edges are inlaid at the front of the seed distribution box and the front of a seedbed preparing curved surface so as to enable soil to be separated towards two sides, a swordfish-head shape is formed by the sword type front cutting edges and the seedbed preparing curved surface, forward resistance can be reduced, a seed distribution plate is arranged on the bottom surface of the seed distribution box, an ejection protrusion is arranged on the seed distribution plate, two-side seed distribution capacity is increased under the matching of a seed dispersion plate, therefore, even seed distribution can be achieved conveniently, isobathic accurate seeding is achieved, the seeding quality is guaranteed, and a basis is laid for crop output improvement.

Description

A kind of bionical wide cut kind bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough
Technical field
Patent of the present invention relate to a kind of conservation tillage and the bionical wide cut kind of the one bed that uses in the Wheat wide operation of Huang-Huai-Hai reorganize and outfit (putting down) type plough, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Conservation tillage has obtained development rapidly in China; in protective farming technique; no-tillage seeding technology is crucial; one of key link of conservation tillage system promotion and implementation is the no-tillage seeding machine with perfect performance, reliable in quality; identical with protective farming technique, the key of Wheat wide plantation is also Wheat wide sower.No-tillage seeding machine and Wheat wide sower, compared with regular drill, except having required good anti-blocking performance, on forming soil-engaging component one plough of planting bed, affecting seeding quality, also have special requirement.What current employing was maximum is kind of a band rotary tillage sowing machine, wide cut sowing also adopts kind of a band rotary tillage mostly, its plough is all defeated kind of head substantially, the effect of not ditching, that the ditch that relies on rotovator to output is sowed, rotovator self has the irregular shortcoming of rotary tillage bottom of trench, in addition in the kind band that is wider than single rotary blade operation width, sow seed, more cause that sowing depth is very inhomogeneous, depth gap is larger, have a strong impact on seeding operation quality, cause seedling-growing time to differ greatly, according to examination, seed level differs at 1 ~ 7cm, there is individually 10cm, seedling-growing time differs generally at 1 ~ 5 day not etc., in some cases because sowed dark, also can making emergence difficult, even do not go out the extreme phenomenon of seedling, become and affected the bottleneck problem that these two kinds of seeding methods are promoted, in addition, sow in addition the problems such as skewness, these problems directly have influence on ultimate output, in the urgent need to address.In the middle of the research of plough primary study its alleviate the effect of resistance, for earthworm be called again earthworm or earth ridge, throughout the year at mine working soil, ploughing and weeding is more than, make soil become loose, in soil, shuttle back and forth masterly, scrutinize earthworm head and body surface, find that head is sharper, body surface is the concrete shapes such as circular comparatively rule, in the middle of the design of plough, pay attention to.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can overcome above defect, realize the dark evenly wide cut kind bed of sowing such as Wheat wide simultaneously and reorganize and outfit (putting down) type plough.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of bionical wide cut kind bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, comprises the front cutting edge of grain tube, arranging seed box, kind bed device for reconditioning and sword formula etc.It is characterized in that: can be used for no-tillage seeding machine and wide kind band sower etc. and adopt the operation situations such as rotary tillage form farming and anti-blocking, trench digging; Grain tube and arranging seed box seam are integral, arranging seed box below is provided with swordfish gill type kind bed device for reconditioning, and on curved surface, design earthworm and tatooed, before arranging seed box and kind bed device for reconditioning, inlay the front cutting edge of sword formula, play a part to split water as the long jaw as swordfish lance soil is separated to both sides, before sword formula, cutting edge forms a swordfish nose shape with planting bed device for reconditioning, can reduce advance resistance, arranging seed box bottom surface is arranging seed board, is provided with and launches projection above arranging seed board.When work, first wide after the paracone by the bionical swordfish head shapes of cutting edge and the design of bottom kind bed device for reconditioning before the anterior sword formula of plough, kind bed device for reconditioning wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, the earthworm adding on top-surface camber is tatooed, the irregular bottom of trench that earth's surface especially rotary blade is outputed is flattened, form in the plane in the U-shaped ditch cross section of wide cut, the seed of being discharged by seeding unit is transported in this grain tube through grain tube road simultaneously, drop to launching in projection of arranging seed box bottom surface arranging seed board, secondary bounce carries out rescattering to the scatter plate of arranging seed box end face again, through the backward distribution of around evenly scattering of scattering, again through repeatedly launching, increase both sides seed abundance, fall afterwards on the smooth kind bed of being reorganized and outfit by cutting edge before sword formula and kind bed device for reconditioning, the dark Precise sowing such as realize, guarantee seeding quality, lay a good foundation for improving crop yield.
Effective income of the present invention is: before the sword formula of bionical swordfish shape design, after the formation paracone of cutting edge and plough bottom, swordfish gill type kind bed device for reconditioning wide, wide at the top and narrow at the bottom and the earthworm of designing are above tatooed, the bottom of trench that can effectively rotary blade be outputed is flattened, because be swordfish head dummy, can reduce advance resistance, and avoid the obstruction of stalk and soil, especially be positioned at the sword shape ploughshare sword of front end, cut off weeds and stalk etc., more can prevent from being wound around and stopping up, the end wing has adopted plane section, and triangular structure is reasonable in design, it can extruded channels in the soil of both sides, output the U-shaped ditch of the smooth wide cut in bottom surface, can guarantee that seed drops on the kind bed of equal altitudes plane, while adopting rotary tiller operation, in plough front lower place, some soil of being thrown by rotary blade falls back to earth's surface, kind of bed device for reconditioning is in the time reorganizing and outfit kind of bed, some loose soil is positioned at kind of the below on bed surface and both sides, therefore fall at seed local below, the soil of the both sides of wide ditch loosens, add that the soil covering also loosens below, so build the good kind bed of seed sprouting and root growth, good kind bed has solved the problem of seed sprouting and root growth, guarantee the uniformity of sowing depth, greatly improve seeding quality, in addition, front cutting edge 1, with sharp blade, can be processed bad root stubble breaking to front rotary blade.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described:
Fig. 1 reorganizes and outfit (putting down) type plough front view for this wide cut kind bed;
Fig. 2 reorganizes and outfit (putting down) type plough arranging seed box end face A-A and C-C cutaway view for this wide cut kind bed;
Fig. 3 reorganizes and outfit (putting down) type plough arranging seed box bottom surface B-B cutaway view for this wide cut kind bed;
Fig. 4 reorganizes and outfit (putting down) type plough upward view for this wide cut kind bed;
Fig. 5 is that this wide cut kind bed is reorganized and outfit the rear ditch shape profile of (putting down) type plough trench digging.
Shown in figure: l. grain tube, 2. arranging seed box, 3. kind of bed device for reconditioning, 4. cutting edge before sword formula, 5. arranging seed board, 6. scatter plate.
Specific embodiments
Grain tube (l) can be 5 ° ~ 85 ° angle configurations with arranging seed box (2), and arranging seed box (2) can be 5 ~ 65 ° with ground, so that arranging seed box (2) fabric smoothly.
Front cutting edge (4) welding-on of sword formula is to arranging seed box (2) and plant shape all-in-one-piece swordfish head dummy above bed device for reconditioning (3), strengthens intensity on the one hand, is convenient on the other hand change.
Kind bed reorganize and outfit curved surface be by with "
Figure 2014100754545100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
" for gang's five rank line smoothings of representative are connected to form, on curved surface, designed earthworm to tatoo, helpful to reducing the clay of resistance and curved surface.
Kind bed device for reconditioning (3) bottom surface concordant with horizontal plane, guarantee leveling kind bed an effect.
Arranging seed board (5) middle part is designed with seed and launches projection, and convex shape, can be prismatic, four prismatics, rhombus, circle etc., to increase the even effect of fabric.
Arranging seed box end face is served as reasons middle to the curved scatter plate of edge break (6), is conducive to help arranging seed board (5) to two sidescattering seeds, improves the abundance of both sides seed.
In facility operation by rotary tiller operation, arranging seed box (2) does not bury, but roll above the soil that rotary blade digs out and part falls after throwing, kind of a bed is reorganized and outfit, plant bed shape as shown in Figure 4, and according to the good seed of agriculture requirement cloth, then will plant subcovering by the soil falling subsequently, covering device below strikes off soil table again, then by press wheel compacting earth's surface.Seed surrounding is loose soil, and formation can be built the loose kind bed of seed sprouting and root system, has therefore improved seeding quality.
It should be noted last that, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not departing from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. bionical wide cut kind bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, comprises grain tube (l), arranging seed box (2), plants bed device for reconditioning (3) and the front cutting edge (4) of sword formula etc., it is characterized in that: can be used for no-tillage seeding machine and wide seedling band sower etc. and adopt the operation situations such as rotary tillage form farming and anti-blocking, trench digging, grain tube (l) is integral with arranging seed box (2) seam, arranging seed box (2) below is provided with swordfish gill type kind bed device for reconditioning (3), before arranging seed box (2) and kind bed device for reconditioning (3), inlay the front cutting edge (4) of sword formula, playing a part to split water as the long jaw as swordfish lance separates soil to both sides, before sword formula, cutting edge (4) forms a swordfish nose shape with a kind bed device for reconditioning (3), can reduce advance resistance, arranging seed box (2) bottom surface is arranging seed board (5), and arranging seed board (5) is provided with above and launches projection, when work, first wide after the paracone by the bionical swordfish head shapes of cutting edge (4) and bottom kind bed device for reconditioning (3) design before the anterior sword formula of plough, kind bed device for reconditioning wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, the irregular bottom of trench that earth's surface especially rotary blade is outputed is flattened, form in the plane in the U-shaped ditch cross section of wide cut, the seed of being discharged by seeding unit is transported to grain tube (l) simultaneously through grain tube road inner, drop to launching in projection of arranging seed box (2) bottom surface arranging seed board (5), through the backward distribution of around evenly scattering of scattering, again after repeatedly launching, fall on the smooth kind bed of being reorganized and outfit by cutting edge (4) before sword formula and kind bed device for reconditioning (3), the dark Precise sowing such as realize.
2. the bionical wide cut kind of one as claimed in claim 1 bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, it is characterized in that: grain tube (l) is integral with arranging seed box (2) seam, arranging seed box (2) below is provided with swordfish gill type kind bed device for reconditioning (3), can reorganize and outfit out the U-shaped ditch body section of wide cut and reduce operation resistance, the dark Precise sowing such as to guarantee.
3. the bionical wide cut kind of one as claimed in claim 1 bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, it is characterized in that: before arranging seed box (2) and kind bed device for reconditioning (3), inlayed the front cutting edge (4) of sword formula, soil is separated to both sides, before sword formula, cutting edge (4) forms a swordfish nose shape with a kind bed device for reconditioning (3), can reduce advance resistance, cut off weeds and stalk, prevent from being wound around and stopping up.
4. the bionical wide cut kind of one as claimed in claim 1 bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, it is characterized in that: arranging seed box (2) bottom surface is arranging seed board (5), arranging seed board (5) has adopted arc afterbody, be conducive to seed and evenly fall into kind of a bed, on it, be provided with and launch projection, under the cooperation of top scatter plate (6), seed is to two sidescatterings, be conducive to Even seeding, especially increased the abundance of seed to both sides.
5. the bionical wide cut kind of one as claimed in claim 1 bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, it is characterized in that: plant bed reorganize and outfit curved surface be by with " " be connected to form for gang's five rank line smoothings of representative.
6. the bionical wide cut kind of one as claimed in claim 1 bed is reorganized and outfit (putting down) type plough, it is characterized in that: plant bed and reorganize and outfit and on curved surface, designed earthworm and tatoo, object is to reduce clay and working resistance.
CN201410075454.5A 2014-03-04 2014-03-04 (putting down) type plough reorganized and outfit by a kind of bionical wide cut kind bed Expired - Fee Related CN103782692B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335736A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-02-11 山东理工大学 Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat
CN104996033A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-28 山东理工大学 Bounce-proof ditching device for wide and equal-height seeding
CN109892071A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-06-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of modified subdivision machine ditching knife suitable for high and cold natural meadow

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DE3034410C1 (en) * 1980-09-12 1981-12-17 Accord-Landmaschinen Heinrich Weiste & Co, Gmbh, 4770 Soest Breitsaeschar
US4633791A (en) * 1984-08-31 1987-01-06 Deere & Company Opener assembly including a compact, arc-shaped opener
US4955297A (en) * 1989-09-05 1990-09-11 Masa Tsukamoto Seeding planter shoe for agricultural planters
US5025736A (en) * 1988-10-03 1991-06-25 Anderson Kevin M Furrow opener
CN2118390U (en) * 1991-09-20 1992-10-14 中国农业机械化研究院北京农机化研究所 Arrow shovel type drill seeding, precision sedding ditch dredger
CN2407558Y (en) * 1999-12-16 2000-11-29 中国农业大学 Multifunction furrow opener
CN1973592A (en) * 2006-12-15 2007-06-06 吉林大学 Bionic furrow opener
CN102388702A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-03-28 山东理工大学 Combined type ditcher for wheat sowing
CN202603177U (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-12-19 吉林大学 Bionic fertilizer application ditcher
CN203015420U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-06-26 吉林大学 Bionic core ploughshare-type seed opener
CN103270830A (en) * 2013-06-11 2013-09-04 吉林大学 Bionic shoe type fertilizer application colter boot

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3034410C1 (en) * 1980-09-12 1981-12-17 Accord-Landmaschinen Heinrich Weiste & Co, Gmbh, 4770 Soest Breitsaeschar
US4633791A (en) * 1984-08-31 1987-01-06 Deere & Company Opener assembly including a compact, arc-shaped opener
US5025736A (en) * 1988-10-03 1991-06-25 Anderson Kevin M Furrow opener
US4955297A (en) * 1989-09-05 1990-09-11 Masa Tsukamoto Seeding planter shoe for agricultural planters
CN2118390U (en) * 1991-09-20 1992-10-14 中国农业机械化研究院北京农机化研究所 Arrow shovel type drill seeding, precision sedding ditch dredger
CN2407558Y (en) * 1999-12-16 2000-11-29 中国农业大学 Multifunction furrow opener
CN1973592A (en) * 2006-12-15 2007-06-06 吉林大学 Bionic furrow opener
CN102388702A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-03-28 山东理工大学 Combined type ditcher for wheat sowing
CN202603177U (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-12-19 吉林大学 Bionic fertilizer application ditcher
CN203015420U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-06-26 吉林大学 Bionic core ploughshare-type seed opener
CN103270830A (en) * 2013-06-11 2013-09-04 吉林大学 Bionic shoe type fertilizer application colter boot

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335736A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-02-11 山东理工大学 Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat
CN104335736B (en) * 2014-10-15 2017-02-15 山东理工大学 Equal-depth and wide seeding opener for deep fertilization of wheat
CN104996033A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-28 山东理工大学 Bounce-proof ditching device for wide and equal-height seeding
CN104996033B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-04-12 山东理工大学 Bounce-proof ditching device for wide and equal-height seeding
CN109892071A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-06-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of modified subdivision machine ditching knife suitable for high and cold natural meadow
CN109892071B (en) * 2019-04-17 2023-09-01 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Improved no-tillage complementary planter ditching knife suitable for high and cold natural grasslands

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