CN210537315U - Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine - Google Patents

Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210537315U
CN210537315U CN201921168319.XU CN201921168319U CN210537315U CN 210537315 U CN210537315 U CN 210537315U CN 201921168319 U CN201921168319 U CN 201921168319U CN 210537315 U CN210537315 U CN 210537315U
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China
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grass
rotary tillage
rape
ditching
wheel
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CN201921168319.XU
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Inventor
何瑞银
孙萌萌
何丽楠
张卫建
江海东
李存超
李京隆
丁启朔
李毅念
刘正辉
徐勇
程彪
孙国峻
张绪争
张金然
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Nanjing Agricultural University
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Nanjing Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone zonal seeding compound operation machine, which comprises a frame and a grass splitter, a rotary tillage device, a furrow opener and a press wheel which are sequentially connected with the frame from front to back, wherein the frame is also provided with a fertilizer box and a seed box, the lower part of the fertilizer box is provided with a plurality of fertilizer distributors, the lower part of each fertilizer distributor is connected with a fertilizer slideway, the lower part of each seed box is provided with a seeder, and the lower part of each seeder is connected with a seeding pipe; the grass divider comprises two grass dividing wheels, and outward-inclined grass dividing teeth are arranged on the outer edges of the two grass dividing wheels. The grass divider also comprises a grass divider wheel fork and a wheel seat, one end of the grass divider wheel fork is hinged to the rack, the other end of the grass divider wheel fork is connected with the wheel seat, the wheel seat is connected with two grass dividing wheels, and the two grass dividing wheels incline in opposite directions relative to the horizontal plane. The utility model discloses the collection divides grass, banded rotary tillage, drives the ditch of draining, fertilizes, clean district seeding and suppression to be as an organic whole, clears up the straw on taking the field through dividing the grass ware, avoids the field straw to cause the influence to normal seeding, only carries the rotary tillage on the seeding belt, reduces the disturbance of soil.

Description

Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization clean zone zonal seeding double entry operation machine belongs to rape seeder technical field.
Background
At present, foreign seeders are mostly suitable for large farms, the requirement on land flatness is high, the land flatness is generally large machines and tools, the price is high, most of the domestic seeders are small machines and tools which can meet the requirement on seeding, the price is low, the functions are single, the seeding quantity is uneven, the operation effect is poor, the rape yield is low, and the requirement on agricultural mechanized development of China cannot be met. The prior seeder has low seeding rate precision and single function, which causes complex production process and overhigh production cost for farmers. On the other hand, the existing harvesting process of agricultural products basically adopts large-scale machinery, the waste straws after being harvested are basically discarded in the field, the waste straws can be used as fertilizers, but the waste straws are uniformly spread in the field, the large quantity of the straws can influence the sowing of rape, and especially when the field is operated in a rice stubble field, the operation quality of a common machine tool is difficult to guarantee because the field block has the characteristics of large quantity of the straws, high soil moisture content and the like.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the utility model aims to provide a rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone zonal seeding compound operation machine.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the rape rotary tillage ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized by comprising a rack, a plurality of rows of grass dividers, rotary tillage cutters, ditchers and press wheels, wherein the grass dividers, the rotary tillage cutters, the ditches and the press wheels are sequentially connected to the rack from front to back;
the grass divider comprises two grass dividing wheels, and outward-inclined grass dividing teeth are arranged on the outer edges of the two grass dividing wheels.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the grass divider further comprises a grass divider wheel fork and a wheel seat, one end of the grass divider wheel fork is hinged to the rack, the other end of the grass divider wheel fork is connected with the wheel seat, the wheel seat is connected with two grass dividing wheels, and the two grass dividing wheels incline in opposite directions relative to the horizontal plane.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the ditcher is a double-disc ditcher, and the outlet of the sowing pipe is arranged between two discs of the ditcher.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning belt type sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the rack is further provided with a transmission case used for being connected with a power output end of agricultural machinery, and the transmission case is connected with a rotary tillage device.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized by further comprising a ditch cleaning shovel, wherein the ditch cleaning shovel is connected to the rack and arranged behind the rotary tillage cutter.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that a ditch protecting device is further arranged behind the ditch cleaning shovel.
Preferably, clean compound workover rig of zonal seeding of rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization, its characterized in that, the furrow opener passes through furrow opener pole one, furrow opener pole two is connected in the frame, the tip of furrow opener pole one articulates in the frame, the tip of furrow opener pole two loops through furrow opener pole three, the degree of depth is adjusted the pole and is connected in the frame, the furrow opener passes through the press wheel connecting rod and connects in the press wheel fork, the press wheel is connected in the press wheel fork, degree of depth is adjusted pole rotatable coupling in the frame.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the second furrow opener rod is provided with a plurality of depth adjusting holes, and the depth adjusting holes are connected to the third furrow opener rod.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the rotary tillage device is further provided with a packing auger.
Preferably, the rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized in that the rack is further connected with a speed measuring wheel, and the speed measuring wheel is connected with a speed detection device.
The utility model discloses the beneficial effect who reaches:
the utility model discloses be equipped with a plurality of rows and divide grass ware, rotary blade, auger, furrow opener, press wheel, the during operation only needs a plurality of rows of fields that sow the fertilization to the field to carry out the operation, and can not destroy non-seeding region, reduces the destruction of original state soil, only carries the rotary tillage on the seeding belt, reduces the disturbance of soil, carries the soil block that the rotary tillage produced to both sides through the auger, improves the soil preparation effect, reduces the complete machine consumption simultaneously.
The utility model can clean up the straw in the sowing field through the straw separator, and avoid the influence of the straw in the field on the normal sowing; because the utility model discloses can carry out the operation in the field of laying the straw, consequently need not handle the straw in field before the seeding, saved the time and the clearance cost of clearance straw, can make the straw remain and use as fertilizer in the field.
The utility model discloses the collection divides grass, rotary tillage, fertilization, seeding, middle ditching and suppression to press as an organic whole, the utility model discloses a speed measurement wheel is connected with ground, feeds back walking speed in real time to with walking speed feedback to control system, control system adjusts seeding speed and fertilization speed in real time according to walking speed, reaches the purpose of even seeding and fertilization.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first overall view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second overall structure diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a structural view of the grass divider of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a front view of the grass divider of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a left side view of the furrow opener and the press wheel of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the rotary cultivator attachment of the present invention;
the meaning of the reference symbols in the figures: 1-a frame; 2-a straw separator; 3-a rotary tillage device; 4-a furrow opener; 5-press wheel; 6-seed box; 7-clearing the ditch and shoveling; 71-a furrow lifter; 8-a fertilizer box; 9-a tachometer wheel; 11-a transmission case; 21-a grass divider wheel fork; 22-wheel seat; 23-a grass dividing wheel; 231-grass dividing teeth; 31-rotary blade; 32-auger; 41-a furrow opener rod I; 42-a furrow opener rod II; 421-depth adjusting hole; 43-furrow opener pole three; 44-depth adjusting rod; 51-a wheel fork of a press; 52-press wheel connecting rod; 61-a seeder; 62-seeding pipe; 81-fertilizer apparatus; 82-fertilizer discharging slide way.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings. The following examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5: the embodiment discloses rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaner zonal seeding compound operation machine, connect gradually in frame 1 a plurality of rows of grass separator 2 from the front to the back including frame 1, set up in rotary blade 31 of rotary cultivator attachment 3, furrow opener 4, press wheel 5, frame 1 still is equipped with can of fertilizer 8 and seed box 6, can of fertilizer 8 below is equipped with a plurality of fertilizer 81, can of fertilizer 81 below is connected and is arranged fertile slide 82, seed box 6 below is equipped with disseminator 61, disseminator 62 is connected to disseminator 61 below, the disseminator of this embodiment belongs to prior art.
With reference to fig. 4 and 5: the grass divider 2 of the present embodiment comprises two grass dividing wheels 23, and the outer edges of the two grass dividing wheels 23 are provided with grass dividing teeth 231 which incline outwards. The outward inclination here means a direction other than towards the inside of the two grass-dividing wheels 23.
Concretely, the grass divider 2 further comprises a grass divider wheel fork 21 and a wheel seat 22, one end of the grass divider wheel fork 21 is hinged to the rack 1, the other end of the grass divider wheel fork is connected with the wheel seat 22, the wheel seat 22 is connected with two grass dividing wheels 23, and the two grass dividing wheels 23 incline in opposite directions relative to the horizontal plane. That is, the minimum distance between the grass-dividing teeth 231 of the two grass-dividing wheels 23 is the contact point with the ground, i.e., the lowest point; and the maximum distance between the grass-dividing teeth 231 of the two grass-dividing wheels 23 is the highest point of the grass-dividing teeth 231.
The furrow opener 4 of this embodiment is a double disc furrow opener with the outlet of the seeding tube 62 disposed between the two discs of the furrow opener 4.
The frame 1 is also provided with a transmission case 11 used for connecting the power output end of the agricultural machine, and the transmission case 11 is connected with the rotary tillage device 3.
The rotary cultivator also comprises a ditch cleaning shovel 7, wherein the ditch cleaning shovel 7 is connected to the frame 1 and arranged behind the rotary cultivator 3, and a ditch supporting device 71 is arranged behind the ditch cleaning shovel 7.
As shown in fig. 6: the furrow opener 4 of the embodiment is connected to the rack 1 through a first furrow opener rod 41 and a second furrow opener rod 42, the end part of the first furrow opener rod 41 is hinged to the rack 1, the end part of the second furrow opener rod 42 is connected to the rack 1 through a third furrow opener rod 43 and a depth adjusting rod 44 in sequence, the furrow opener 4 is connected to the press wheel fork 51 through a press wheel connecting rod 52, the press wheel 5 is connected to the press wheel fork 51, and the depth adjusting rod 44 is rotatably connected to the rack 1. When the depth adjusting lever 44 is rotated, the working depths of the furrow opener 4 and the press wheel 5 can be adjusted sequentially through the furrow opener lever three 43 and the furrow opener lever two 42.
The second furrow opener rod 42 is provided with a plurality of depth adjusting holes 421, and when the device is used, one depth adjusting hole 421 can be selected to be connected with the third furrow opener rod 43 so as to adjust the effective length of the second furrow opener rod 42.
The height of the press wheel fork 51 of the embodiment is adjustable, and the press wheel fork is used for adjusting the compaction degree of the press wheel 5 on the ground.
The frame 1 is also connected with a speed measuring wheel 9, the speed measuring wheel 9 is connected with a speed detecting device, the speed detecting device feeds the traveling speed of the machine back to a control device, and the control device adjusts the working speed of the seeder 61 and the fertilizer distributor 81 according to the speed.
As shown in fig. 7 (in order to avoid interference, auger 32 is hidden in fig. 1, 2 and 3): the rotary tillage device 3 of the embodiment is also provided with a packing auger 32. When the rotary tillage device 3 rotates, rotary tillage is carried out through the rotary tillage teeth 31, and meanwhile, the auger 32 can discharge soil which is ploughed to the two sides of the machine to play a role of leveling the ground. The utility model discloses a rotary tillage tooth 31's all outside bending of crooked direction, like this when banded rotary tillage, the soil block of being convenient for is outwards thrown (the lateral part of machine), does benefit to the level land.
The during operation will the utility model discloses connect at the tractor afterbody, the tractor passes through 11 drive rotary cultivator attachment 3 rotations of transmission case, and when the tractor gos forward, divide grass ware 2 to be in driven rotation state, can be with the straw on the route of marcing to both sides separation, then in proper order through rotary tillage, ditching, seeding, suppression, the utility model discloses a divide grass ware 2 to have the multiunit, rotary tillage tooth 31, furrow opener 4, suppression wheel 5 are located the dead behind that divides grass ware 2 in proper order. On the other hand, the fertilizer applicator 81 discharges the fertilizer to the fertilizer discharge chute 82, and along the fertilizer discharge chute 82 to the field after rotary tillage; the ditcher (in the middle of the rotary tillage device 3) is arranged in front of the ditch cleaning shovel 7 and the ditch holding device 71, so that ditches after ditching can be cleaned, and soil on two sides is prevented from falling into the ditches.
The straw cleaning machine can clean straw to be sowed in fields through the straw separator 2, has a profiling function, and avoids the influence of the straw in the fields on normal sowing; because the utility model discloses can carry out the operation in the field of laying the straw, consequently need not handle the straw in field before the seeding, saved the time and the clearance cost of clearance straw, can make the straw remain and use as fertilizer in the field.
The utility model discloses be equipped with a plurality of rows and divide grass ware 2, rotary cultivator attachment 3, furrow opener 4, press wheel 5 (arrange from the front to the back in proper order), the during operation only needs the operation in a plurality of rows fields of seeding fertilization to the field, and can not destroy non-seeding region, reduces the destruction of original state soil, reduces the complete machine consumption simultaneously.
The utility model discloses the collection divides grass, rotary tillage, fertilization, seeding, middle ditching and suppression to press as an organic whole, the utility model discloses a tachometry wheel 9 is connected with ground, feeds back walking speed in real time to with walking speed feedback to control system, control system adjusts seeding speed and fertilization speed in real time according to walking speed, reaches the purpose of even seeding and fertilization.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and variations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine is characterized by comprising a rack (1), a plurality of rows of grass distributors (2), rotary tillage cutters (31) arranged on a rotary tillage device (3), ditchers (4) and a press wheel (5) which are sequentially connected to the rack (1) from front to back, a fertilizer box (8) and a seed box (6) are further arranged on the rack (1), a plurality of fertilizer distributors (81) are arranged below the fertilizer box (8), fertilizer distribution slideways (82) are connected below the fertilizer distributors (81), seeders (61) are arranged below the seed box (6), and sowing pipes (62) are connected below the seeders (61);
the grass divider (2) comprises two grass dividing wheels (23), and outward-inclined grass dividing teeth (231) are arranged on the outer edges of the two grass dividing wheels (23).
2. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning belt-shaped sowing compound working machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grass divider (2) further comprises a grass divider wheel fork (21) and a wheel seat (22), one end of the grass divider wheel fork (21) is hinged to the frame (1), the other end of the grass divider wheel fork is connected with the wheel seat (22), the wheel seat (22) is connected with two grass dividing wheels (23), and the two grass dividing wheels (23) are inclined in opposite directions relative to a horizontal plane.
3. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the ditcher (4) is a double-disc ditcher, and the outlet of the sowing pipe (62) is arranged between two discs of the ditcher (4).
4. A rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning belt type sowing compound working machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame (1) is further provided with a transmission case (11) for connecting with a power output end of an agricultural machine, and the transmission case (11) is connected with a rotary tillage device (3).
5. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound working machine as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a ditch cleaning shovel (7), wherein the ditch cleaning shovel (7) is connected to the frame (1) and arranged behind the rotary tillage cutter (31).
6. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound working machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein a furrow lifter (71) is further arranged behind the furrow cleaning shovel (7).
7. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound working machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ditcher (4) is connected to the frame (1) through a first ditcher rod (41) and a second ditcher rod (42), the end of the first ditcher rod (41) is hinged to the frame (1), the end of the second ditcher rod (42) is connected to the frame (1) through a third ditcher rod (43) and a depth adjusting rod (44), the ditcher (4) is connected to a pressing wheel fork (51) through a pressing wheel connecting rod (52), the pressing wheel is connected to the pressing wheel fork (51), and the depth adjusting rod (44) is rotatably connected to the frame (1).
8. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound machine as claimed in claim 7, wherein the second furrow opener rod (42) is provided with a plurality of depth adjusting holes (421), and the depth adjusting holes (421) are connected to the third furrow opener rod (43).
9. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotary tillage device (3) is further provided with a packing auger (32).
10. The rape rotary tillage, ditching, fertilizing and cleaning strip-shaped sowing compound machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame (1) is further connected with a speed measuring wheel (9), and the speed measuring wheel (9) is connected with a speed detection device.
CN201921168319.XU 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine Active CN210537315U (en)

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CN201921168319.XU CN210537315U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921168319.XU CN210537315U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Rape rotary tillage ditching fertilization cleaning zone-shaped sowing compound operation machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110393048A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-01 南京农业大学 The clean zone shape seeding combined working machine of rape rotary tillage ditching fertilising
CN112088600A (en) * 2020-09-25 2020-12-18 扬州大学 Planting method for unmanned fixed sowing

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110393048A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-01 南京农业大学 The clean zone shape seeding combined working machine of rape rotary tillage ditching fertilising
CN112088600A (en) * 2020-09-25 2020-12-18 扬州大学 Planting method for unmanned fixed sowing
CN112088600B (en) * 2020-09-25 2023-06-27 扬州大学 Unmanned pilot sowing planting method

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