CN203423942U - Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder - Google Patents

Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203423942U
CN203423942U CN201320499913.3U CN201320499913U CN203423942U CN 203423942 U CN203423942 U CN 203423942U CN 201320499913 U CN201320499913 U CN 201320499913U CN 203423942 U CN203423942 U CN 203423942U
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China
Prior art keywords
stubble
seeding
fertilization
box
tillage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320499913.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘本化
张徽
郭佳
阚昆生
刘峰
李万忠
聂姝娴
沈勋来
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SUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY
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SUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The utility model discloses a wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder. The seeder comprises a rack and a front transmission device, a stubble cleaning mechanism, a fertilization mechanism, seeding mechanisms and a rear transmission device which are installed on the rack, wherein the stubble cleaning mechanism comprises a stubble cleaning cutter shaft, stubble cleaning cutters and stationary cutters; the stubble cleaning cutters are installed on the stubble cleaning cutter shaft and are Y-shaped; the stationary cutters are installed on the rack; Y-shaped openings of the stubble cleaning cutters correspond to the stationary cutters; the stubble cleaning cutter shaft is connected with the front transmission device; the fertilization mechanism comprises a fertilization box, a fertilization speed regulating controller, lower fertilizer pipes and a fertilization furrow opener; the fertilization speed regulating controller is connected with the fertilization box; the lower fertilizer pipes are connected with the fertilization speed regulating controller; the fertilization furrow opener is arranged at the rear stage of the stubble cleaning mechanism; each seeding mechanism comprises a seeding box, a seeding speed regulating controller and a seeding furrow opener, wherein the seeding speed regulating controller is connected with the seeding box, the seeding furrow opener is connected with the seeding speed regulating controller, the seeding speed regulating controller is connected with the rear transmission device, and the seeding furrow opener is arranged at the rear stage of the fertilization mechanism. The seeder saves time, labor and seeds, returns stalks to fields, completes no-tillage, fertilization and seeding once, preserves the soil moisture, protects seedlings and prevents the soil hardening after raining and the soil loss in rainstorms in summer.

Description

Wheat stubble-cleaning corn is no-tillage multiplerow seeder
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sower, relates in particular to the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of a grow wheat stubble-cleaning corn.
Background technology
In existing agricultural production, harvest season particularly, harvesting, stalk are processed, sow, applied fertilizer is a serial job, which link is done badly all can have influence on follow-up production, due in recent years, widely popularize do mechanization operation, agricultural harvesting to adopt grain header to gather in more, after harvester operation, leaving a large amount of stalks paves in the fields, combined seed and fertilizer drill very easily produces and blocks up, cannot normal operation, so in order to save trouble, peasant mostly adopts the means of burning, has also just brought serious atmospheric pollution.Straw cutting apparatus on the market and straw baler have played certain effect.But multiple machine carries out work, not only improved agriculture production cost, also brought many social concerns, the processing of a kind of energy stalk, the disposable agricultural equipment completing of ferti-seeding are badly in need of in agricultural production.
Utility model content
The utility model object is to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming that prior art exists, and provides a grow wheat stubble-cleaning corn no-tillage multiplerow seeder.
For achieving the above object, the technological means that the utility model adopts is: wheat stubble-cleaning corn is no-tillage multiplerow seeder, comprise frame and rack-mounted driving front device, stubble-ploughing mechanism, fertilizing mechanism, sowing mechanism, rear transmission device, described stubble-ploughing mechanism comprises stubble ploughing knife pivot, is arranged on the stubble-cleaning knife on stubble ploughing knife pivot, rack-mounted stationary knife, wherein stubble-cleaning knife is Y shape, its Y shape opening is corresponding with stationary knife, and stubble ploughing knife pivot connects driving front device; Described fertilizing mechanism comprises the fertilising speed setting controller of fertilizing box, connection fertilizing box, lower fertilizer pipe and the applicator boot of connection fertilising speed setting controller, transmission device after the speed setting controller that wherein applies fertilizer connects, and applicator boot is positioned at stubble-ploughing mechanism rear class; Described sowing mechanism comprises Seeding box, connects the sowing speed setting controller of Seeding box, connects the row-planting opener of sowing speed setting controller, wherein sows speed setting controller and connects rear transmission device, and row-planting opener is positioned at fertilizing mechanism rear class; Described applicator boot, row-planting opener and driven pulley correspondence arrange at least one group.
Further, described driving front device comprises rack-mounted hanger bracket, gear-box, the power transmission shaft being connected with gearbox output shaft, power transmission shaft connects stubble ploughing knife pivot by belt, at power transmission shaft, is provided with belt tensioning mechanism with the belt place that is connected of stubble ploughing knife pivot.
Further, described fertilizing box forms by case groove with by being movably connected in case groove case lid on one side.
Further, described stubble-cleaning knife arranges a plurality of, and evenly cross-distribution, on stubble ploughing knife pivot, is comprised of the Y shape cutter that is welded on the pedestal on stubble ploughing knife pivot and be movably connected on pedestal by pin.
Further, described rear transmission device comprises driven pulley, the driving-chain being connected with driven pulley, and the universal drive shaft being connected with driving-chain is arranged on the differential mechanism on universal drive shaft.
Further, described applicator boot, row-planting opener and driven pulley correspondence arrange four groups.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: straw-returning, no-tillage fertilizing sowing once complete, the energy and time have not only been saved, while is no-tillage has avoided the destruction of rotary tillage to soil structure and edaphon, the stalk of pulverizing is laid on soil, has formed natural ground membrane environment, has the features such as soil moisture conservation, seedling-protection, rainproof rear knot tying and Summer Heavy Rainfall soil erosion; Dark stub land reason after machine is received is directly pulverized and is sowed, time saving and energy saving, province kind, and peasant is easy to accept, and popularizes this machinery, and it will be no longer a difficult problem that stalk is prohibited burning, and because of the atmospheric pollution that crop straw burning causes, the severe phenomenon of environmental destruction, will not exist.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is rearview of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is stereogram of the present utility model.
In figure: 1, frame, 2, driving front device, 21, hanger bracket, 22, gear-box, 23, power transmission shaft, 24, belt, 25, belt tensioning mechanism, 26, front-wheel, 3, stubble-ploughing mechanism, 31, stubble ploughing knife pivot, 32, stubble-cleaning knife, 321, pedestal, 322, Y shape cutter, 33, stationary knife, 4, fertilizing mechanism, 41, fertilizing box, 42, fertilising speed setting controller, 43, lower fertilizer pipe, 44, applicator boot, 5, sowing mechanism, 51, Seeding box, 52, sowing speed setting controller, 53, row-planting opener, 6, rear transmission device, 61, driven pulley, 62, driving-chain, 63, universal drive shaft, 64, differential mechanism.
Embodiment
The no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn as shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, comprise frame 1 and be arranged on driving front device 2, stubble-ploughing mechanism 3, fertilizing mechanism 4, sowing mechanism 5, the rear transmission device 6 in frame 1, described stubble-ploughing mechanism 3 comprises stubble ploughing knife pivot 31, be arranged on stubble-cleaning knife 32 on stubble ploughing knife pivot 31, be arranged on the stationary knife 33 in frame 1, wherein stubble-cleaning knife 32 is Y shape, its Y shape opening is corresponding with stationary knife 33, and stubble ploughing knife pivot 31 connects driving front device 2; Described fertilizing mechanism 4 comprises the fertilising speed setting controller 42 of fertilizing box 41, connection fertilizing box 41, lower fertilizer pipe 43 and the applicator boot 44 of connection fertilising speed setting controller 42, transmission device 6 after the speed setting controller 42 that wherein applies fertilizer connects, applicator boot 44 is positioned at stubble-ploughing mechanism 3 rear classes; Described sowing mechanism 5 comprises Seeding box 51, connects the sowing speed setting controller 52 of Seeding box 51, connects the row-planting opener 53 of sowing speed setting controller 52, wherein sow speed setting controller 52 and connect rear transmission device 6, row-planting opener 53 is positioned at fertilizing mechanism 4 rear classes; Described applicator boot 44, row-planting opener 53 and driven pulley 61 correspondences arrange at least one group.
Described driving front device 2 comprises the hanger bracket 21 that is arranged in frame 1, gear-box 22, the power transmission shaft 23 being connected with gear-box 22 output shafts, power transmission shaft 23 connects stubble ploughing knife pivot by belt 24, at power transmission shaft 23, be provided with belt tensioning mechanism 25 with belt 24 places that are connected of stubble ploughing knife pivot, be arranged on the front-wheel 26 of hanger bracket 21 belows.
Described fertilizing box 41 forms by case groove with by being movably connected in case groove case lid on one side.
Described stubble-cleaning knife 32 arranges a plurality of, and evenly cross-distribution, on stubble ploughing knife pivot 31, is comprised of the Y shape cutter 322 that is welded on the pedestal 321 on stubble ploughing knife pivot 31 and be movably connected on pedestal by pin.
The driving-chain 62 that described rear transmission device 6 comprises driven pulley 61, is connected with driven pulley, the universal drive shaft 63 being connected with driving-chain, is arranged on the differential mechanism 64 on universal drive shaft.
Applicator boot 44 in described fertilizing mechanism 4, sowing mechanism 5, rear transmission device 6, row-planting opener 53 and driven pulley 61 correspondences arrange four groups, the four lines of can once walking while cultivating in field like this, and operating efficiency is higher.
During work, tractor is connected with this device by hanger bracket 21, the power take-off of tractor is passed to gear-box 22 through universal joint by power, by gear-box 22 speed changes, power transmission shaft 23 sends power to stubble ploughing knife pivot 31 by belt 24, make stubble ploughing knife pivot 31 drive Y shape cutter 322 High Rotation Speeds of stubble-cleaning knife 32, produce very high rotating speed and kinetic energy, straw cutting is squeezed in frame case, and together with stationary knife 33, stalk is repeatedly impacted, tear, the effect of rubbing etc. is until by crushed stalk, stalk is shed uniformly on ground in the wings under the effect of air-flow and centrifugal force, fertilizing mechanism 4 and sowing mechanism 5 are driven by driven pulley 61 on rear transmission device 6 and driving-chain 62 in stubble-cleaning, synchronously apply fertilizer, sowing.
During ferti-seeding, due to 31 pairs of crushed stalk of stubble ploughing knife pivot, raise up.So ferti-seeding is to carry out under the environment without stalk, the intimate combination of seed and soil.There will not be that traditional rotary tillage sowing machine stalk is combined with soil seed, the stalk heating of rotting burns seedling.Effect of increasing production is obvious.
Contrast traditional stubble-cleaning, rotary tillage cropping pattern.This machine once completes straw-returning, no-tillage fertilizing sowing, the energy and time have not only been saved, while is no-tillage has avoided the destruction of rotary tillage to soil structure and edaphon, the stalk of pulverizing is laid on soil, has formed natural ground membrane environment, has the features such as soil moisture conservation, seedling-protection, rainproof rear knot tying and Summer Heavy Rainfall soil erosion; Dark stub land reason after machine is received is directly pulverized and is sowed, time saving and energy saving, province kind, and peasant is easy to accept, and popularizes this machinery, and it will be no longer a difficult problem that stalk is prohibited burning, and because of the atmospheric pollution that crop straw burning causes, the severe phenomenon of environmental destruction, will not exist.

Claims (6)

1. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn, it is characterized in that: comprise frame (1) and be arranged on driving front device (2), stubble-ploughing mechanism (3), fertilizing mechanism (4), sowing mechanism (5), the rear transmission device (6) in frame (1), described stubble-ploughing mechanism (3) comprises stubble ploughing knife pivot (31), be arranged on stubble-cleaning knife (32) on stubble ploughing knife pivot (31), be arranged on the stationary knife (33) in frame (1), wherein stubble-cleaning knife (32) is Y shape, its Y shape opening is corresponding with stationary knife (33), and stubble ploughing knife pivot (31) connects driving front device (2); Described fertilizing mechanism (4) comprises the fertilising speed setting controller (42) of fertilizing box (41), connection fertilizing box (41), lower fertilizer pipe (43) and the applicator boot (44) of connection fertilising speed setting controller (42), transmission device (6) after the speed setting controller (42) that wherein applies fertilizer connects, applicator boot (44) is positioned at stubble-ploughing mechanism (3) rear class; Described sowing mechanism (5) comprises Seeding box (51), connects the sowing speed setting controller (52) of Seeding box (51), connects the row-planting opener (53) of sowing speed setting controller (52), wherein sow speed setting controller (52) and connect rear transmission device (6), row-planting opener (53) is positioned at fertilizing mechanism (4) rear class; Described applicator boot (44), row-planting opener (53) and driven pulley (61) correspondence arrange at least one group.
2. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving front device (2) comprises the hanger bracket (21) that is arranged in frame (1), gear-box (22), the power transmission shaft (23) being connected with gear-box (22) output shaft, power transmission shaft (23) connects stubble ploughing knife pivot by belt (24), at power transmission shaft (23), locate to be provided with belt tensioning mechanism (25) with the belt (24) that is connected of stubble ploughing knife pivot, be arranged on the front-wheel (26) of hanger bracket (21) below.
3. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fertilizing box (41) forms by case groove with by being movably connected in case groove case lid on one side.
4. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stubble-cleaning knife (32) arranges a plurality of, evenly cross-distribution is upper at stubble ploughing knife pivot (31), the Y shape cutter (322) that is welded on the pedestal (321) on stubble ploughing knife pivot (31) and be movably connected on pedestal by pin, consists of.
5. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the driving-chain (62) that described rear transmission device (6) comprises driven pulley (61), is connected with driven pulley, the universal drive shaft being connected with driving-chain (63), is arranged on the differential mechanism (64) on universal drive shaft.
6. the no-tillage multiplerow seeder of wheat stubble-cleaning corn according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described applicator boot (44), row-planting opener (53) and driven pulley (61) correspondence arrange four groups.
CN201320499913.3U 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder Expired - Fee Related CN203423942U (en)

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CN201320499913.3U CN203423942U (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320499913.3U CN203423942U (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392420A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 宿州市农业机械研究所 Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder
CN103875401A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-06-25 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 Method for preventing Athetis lepigone by mechanically removing straw on corn seeding lines
CN104718819A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-24 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Stubble cutting device used for no-tillage planter
CN104718850A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-24 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Original stubble no-tillage seeding machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392420A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 宿州市农业机械研究所 Wheat stubble cleaning and corn no-tillage multi-row seeder
CN103875401A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-06-25 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 Method for preventing Athetis lepigone by mechanically removing straw on corn seeding lines
CN104718819A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-24 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Stubble cutting device used for no-tillage planter
CN104718850A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-24 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Original stubble no-tillage seeding machine
CN104718819B (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-07-13 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of stubble remover for no-tillage seeding machine
CN104718850B (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-08-31 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of former stubble no-tillage seeding machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140212

Termination date: 20180816