CN105659955A - Stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine - Google Patents

Stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105659955A
CN105659955A CN201610164287.0A CN201610164287A CN105659955A CN 105659955 A CN105659955 A CN 105659955A CN 201610164287 A CN201610164287 A CN 201610164287A CN 105659955 A CN105659955 A CN 105659955A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary tillage
stubble
crushing
gear box
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610164287.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨启东
高延炯
尚增太
刘会
陈开涛
徐昌林
吴正文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610164287.0A priority Critical patent/CN105659955A/en
Publication of CN105659955A publication Critical patent/CN105659955A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/835Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes
    • A01D34/8355Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to land preparation machinery in agricultural machinery and in particular relates to a stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine which can be used for finishing a plurality ofmultiple working procedures of harvesting crops including corns, sorgos and the like, then crushing stubbles, fertilizing, burying the stubbles, shaping a land surface, suppressing and the like in one step. A speed changing gear box is arranged in the middle of a rack; a root stubble crushing device, a soil crushing and rotary tillage device and a suppressing depth limiting roller are arranged at the lower part of the rack; the root stubble crushing device is located in front of the soil crushing and rotary tillage device. Root stubble crushing and soil crushing and rotary tillage can be finished in one step, and straws are not combusted so that atmosphere pollution is reduced; meanwhile, a straw processing procedure is greatly simplified and the cultivation efficiency is improved. The stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine can be adaptedive to requirements on crushing and burying, land surface shaping and suppression and the line like of field straws and root stubble weeds after the plurality ofvarious crops including the corns, the sorgos and the like are harvested, and a good seed bed is provided for sowing next-stubble crops of the next season.

Description

Stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the machinery of the whole ground class in agricultural machine, particularly a kind of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine, broken stubble after disposable can completing the crop harvesting such as corn, sweet sorghum, apply fertilizer, bury the multinomial operation operations such as stubble, earth's surface shaping, suppression.
Background technology
After farm crop are gathered in the crops, earth's surface, field all can leave many crop materials and root stubble, weeds, and the past, people adopted to plough deeply, and stalk, root stubble are imbedded underground and made compost. Plough deeply and bury stalk inefficiency. The tillage method of people quietly there occurs change in recent years, ploughing deeply in the past, becomes present several years subsoilings, and annual one shallow revolves mode of operation, and the operation efficiency of facility improves manyfold, but the problem brought is quite a few. People can sow smoothly in order to next batch of crop, is all generally adopt to burn stalk, root stubble, and for the corn stubble that bigger burning is not fallen, the root stubble stayed on earth's surface through the shallow supination of subsoiling adopts again manually to be picked up, and reburns after drying. The burning of straw stubble pollutes environment, adds production cost; On the other hand, it is few that farm manure uses, and fertilizer application amount increases year by year, and accelerating plough horizon hardens, and the present invention mainly solves above drawback.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine, to solve the problem of existing tool function singleness, complex structure.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine, described central rack is provided with change speed gear box, and described frame lower is provided with root stubble shredding unit, broken soil rotary tillage device and suppression limited depth roller, and root stubble shredding unit is positioned at broken soil rotary tillage device front. Once just can complete root stubble to pulverize and the rotary tillage of broken soil, without crop straw burning, reduce topsoil, significantly simplify stalk treatment process simultaneously, it is to increase cultivate efficiency.
It is provided with dust-proof apparatus for shaping between described broken soil rotary tillage device and suppression limited depth roller. Dust-proof apparatus for shaping can effectively block the earth that broken soil rotary tillage device is dug, and has smooth effect.
Described suppression limited depth roller two ends connect adjustment arm respectively, regulate arm to wear the connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat in frame, regulate arm to be connected with connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat by connecting lever bearing pin. Being connected by this regulates arm to be provided with bigger adjustment space.
Described frame is provided with adjustable plate, and adjustable plate is provided with multiple adjustment hole, and bolt is through the adjustment hole secured adjusted arm of adjustable plate.Achieve the altitude mixture control of suppression limited depth roller.
Described suppression limited depth roller is provided with rotation axis, and rotation axis one end is connected with transmission gear box, and the rotation axis the other end is connected with the screw conveyor shaft of can fertilizer by chain. It is convenient to discharge the fertilizer in can fertilizer be sprinkling upon earth's surface.
Described dust-proof apparatus for shaping is provided with connecting arm, and connecting arm is connected with frame, and connecting arm is provided with multiple adjustment hole. Achieve the altitude mixture control of dust-proof apparatus for shaping.
Described stubble shredding unit, broken soil rotary tillage device and suppression limited depth roller are connected with transmission gear box respectively, and transmission gear box is connected with change speed gear box.
The present invention is connected by rear 3 hangs with tractor, and collection fertilising, broken grass, broken stubble, earth's surface is shallow revolves, and is buried by broken for the fertilizer broken stubble of grass, the function such as earth's surface shaping suppression is in integrally. Facility production efficiency height, operation are reliable, stable performance. The present invention can adapt to the various crop such as corn, sweet sorghum gather in the crops after field straw, root stubble weeds pulverizing bury, needs such as earth's surface shaping suppression, be the good kind bed of second stubble crop sowing offer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side-view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is connecting lever pinned connection schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the assembled schematic diagram of complete machine of the present invention.
Embodiment
A kind of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine, is provided with change speed gear box 2 in the middle part of described frame 1, and described frame 1 bottom is provided with root stubble shredding unit 3, broken soil rotary tillage device 4 and suppression limited depth roller 8, and root stubble shredding unit 3 is positioned at broken soil rotary tillage device 4 front. It is provided with dust-proof apparatus for shaping 6 between described broken soil rotary tillage device 4 and suppression limited depth roller 8. Described suppression limited depth roller 8 two ends connect adjustment arm 14 respectively, regulate arm 14 to wear the connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat 1 in frame 1, regulate arm 14 to be connected with connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat 13 by connecting lever bearing pin 9. Described frame 1 is provided with adjustable plate 15, and adjustable plate 15 is provided with multiple adjustment hole, and bolt 12 is through the adjustment hole secured adjusted arm 14 of adjustable plate 15. Described suppression limited depth roller 8 is provided with rotation axis 7, and rotation axis 7 one end is connected with transmission gear box 5, and rotation axis 7 the other end is connected with the screw conveyor shaft of can fertilizer 10 by chain 11. Described dust-proof apparatus for shaping 6 is provided with connecting arm, and connecting arm is connected with frame 1, and connecting arm is provided with multiple adjustment hole. Described stubble shredding unit 3, broken soil rotary tillage device 4 and suppression limited depth roller 8 are connected with transmission gear box 5 respectively, and transmission gear box 5 is connected with change speed gear box 2.
During use, change speed gear box 2 is connected for complete machine provides power with power-equipment, transmission gear box 5 drives root stubble shredding unit 3 respectively, broken soil rotary tillage device 4 and suppression limited depth roller 8 work, root stubble shredding unit 3 is by the stalk on earth's surface, root stubble, weeds are pulverized, broken soil rotary tillage device 4 real tillage and by pulverize after stalk, root stubble, weeds are admixed in soil and use as base fertilizer, rotation axis 7 on pressure limited depth roller 8 drives the screw conveyor shaft of can fertilizer 10 to rotate, fertilizer is mixed in soil, dust-proof apparatus for shaping 6 is arranged between broken soil rotary tillage device 4 and suppression shaping depth stop device 8, it is stir up a cloud of dust to control not cause when broken soil rotary tillage device 5 works, dust-proof apparatus for shaping 6 and suppression shaping depth stop device 8 shaping simultaneously can significantly promote grading degree. by regulating, arm 14, connecting lever bearing pin 9 link at facility rear the whole depth stop device 8 of suppression at described frame 1 rear, roll along earth's surface, are in order to the soil of pine of front rotary tillage being stretched tight is suppressed, prevent moisture from evaporating, reach soil moisture conservation. once just can complete to apply fertilizer, the broken stubble of stalk weeds is buried, turn over and operation is suppressed in earth's surface shaping. stalk weeds are removed and need not carry out separately again, significantly promote working efficiency.

Claims (7)

1. a stubble ploughing, rotary tillage fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) middle part is provided with change speed gear box (2), described frame (1) bottom is provided with root stubble shredding unit (3), broken soil rotary tillage device (4) and suppression limited depth roller (8), and root stubble shredding unit (3) is positioned at broken soil rotary tillage device (4) front.
2. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 1 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterised in that: it is provided with dust-proof apparatus for shaping (6) between described broken soil rotary tillage device (4) and suppression limited depth roller (8).
3. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 1 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterized in that: described suppression limited depth roller (8) two ends connect adjustment arm (14) respectively, regulate arm (14) to wear the connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat (13) in frame (1), regulate arm (14) to be connected with connecting lever pin shaft fixing seat (13) by connecting lever bearing pin (9).
4. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 3 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) is provided with adjustable plate (15), adjustable plate (15) is provided with multiple adjustment hole, and bolt (12) is through adjustment hole secured adjusted arm (14) of adjustable plate (15).
5. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 1 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterized in that: described suppression limited depth roller (8) is provided with rotation axis (7), rotation axis (7) one end is connected with transmission gear box (5), and rotation axis (7) the other end is connected with the screw conveyor shaft of can fertilizer (10) by chain (11).
6. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 1 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterised in that: described dust-proof apparatus for shaping (6) is provided with connecting arm, and connecting arm is connected with frame (1), and connecting arm is provided with multiple adjustment hole.
7. stubble ploughing, rotary tillage according to claim 1 fertilising whole ground combine, it is characterized in that: described stubble shredding unit (3), broken soil rotary tillage device (4) and suppress limited depth roller (8) and be connected with transmission gear box (5) respectively, transmission gear box (5) is connected with change speed gear box (2).
CN201610164287.0A 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine Pending CN105659955A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610164287.0A CN105659955A (en) 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610164287.0A CN105659955A (en) 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Stubble cleaning, rotary tillage, fertilization and land preparation combined machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105659955A true CN105659955A (en) 2016-06-15

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106954431A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-18 沈阳农业大学 Large-ridge double-row straw deep-burying and returning machine
CN108668612A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-19 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 A kind of cultivated whole combine of stubble-ploughing, deep-loosening fertilising
CN113330838A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-09-03 贵州省山地农业机械研究所 Straw returning machine and straw returning method
CN114467385A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-05-13 东北农业大学 Stubble-cleaning and fertilizer-spreading straw rotary burying and returning all-in-one machine

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CN201064091Y (en) * 2007-07-27 2008-05-28 张学法 Speed-changing double-side multifunctional stubble-cleaning rotary-tillage fertilizing seeder
CN201213359Y (en) * 2008-06-23 2009-04-01 张学法 Stubble-cleaning rotary tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
CN201336805Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-11-04 李兵 Double-shaft type seeder capable of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage, deep placement of fertilizer and pressure adjustment
CN201426248Y (en) * 2009-07-14 2010-03-24 汤楚宙 Mini-type listerplanter
CN201450740U (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-05-12 长春谷田农机装配有限公司 Groundmaking sower
CN201789733U (en) * 2010-07-25 2011-04-13 孙星钊 Novel stubble-ploughing rotary-tillage fertilizer-application seeder
CN202019530U (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-11-02 石宽 Vertical-shaft-transmission straw-cutting-up deep-fertilizing working machine
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KR101288409B1 (en) * 2011-03-03 2013-08-20 주식회사 장 자동화 Seeding machine that equal gap seeding is available for seed
CN103609217A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-03-05 扬州大学 Device and method for total straw returning, layered plowing, fertilizing, sowing and pressing compound operation
CN204362523U (en) * 2014-08-21 2015-06-03 凤城市时利农业机械有限公司 Adjustable combined soil preparing machine
CN205596532U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-09-28 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 Stubble -cleaning rotary tillage fertilization soil preparation combined operation machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201064091Y (en) * 2007-07-27 2008-05-28 张学法 Speed-changing double-side multifunctional stubble-cleaning rotary-tillage fertilizing seeder
CN201213359Y (en) * 2008-06-23 2009-04-01 张学法 Stubble-cleaning rotary tillage fertilizing and seeding machine
CN201336805Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-11-04 李兵 Double-shaft type seeder capable of stubble ploughing, rotary tillage, deep placement of fertilizer and pressure adjustment
CN201450740U (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-05-12 长春谷田农机装配有限公司 Groundmaking sower
CN201426248Y (en) * 2009-07-14 2010-03-24 汤楚宙 Mini-type listerplanter
CN201789733U (en) * 2010-07-25 2011-04-13 孙星钊 Novel stubble-ploughing rotary-tillage fertilizer-application seeder
KR101288409B1 (en) * 2011-03-03 2013-08-20 주식회사 장 자동화 Seeding machine that equal gap seeding is available for seed
CN202019530U (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-11-02 石宽 Vertical-shaft-transmission straw-cutting-up deep-fertilizing working machine
CN202151043U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-02-29 周德义 1 GSTN-350 double-shaft cultivating compound operation machine
CN103609217A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-03-05 扬州大学 Device and method for total straw returning, layered plowing, fertilizing, sowing and pressing compound operation
CN204362523U (en) * 2014-08-21 2015-06-03 凤城市时利农业机械有限公司 Adjustable combined soil preparing machine
CN205596532U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-09-28 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 Stubble -cleaning rotary tillage fertilization soil preparation combined operation machine

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106954431A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-18 沈阳农业大学 Large-ridge double-row straw deep-burying and returning machine
CN108668612A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-19 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 A kind of cultivated whole combine of stubble-ploughing, deep-loosening fertilising
CN113330838A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-09-03 贵州省山地农业机械研究所 Straw returning machine and straw returning method
CN114467385A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-05-13 东北农业大学 Stubble-cleaning and fertilizer-spreading straw rotary burying and returning all-in-one machine
CN114467385B (en) * 2022-01-11 2024-03-01 东北农业大学 Stubble-killing and fertilizer-spreading straw rotary burying and returning all-in-one machine

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Application publication date: 20160615