CN107047017A - A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata - Google Patents

A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107047017A
CN107047017A CN201710284922.3A CN201710284922A CN107047017A CN 107047017 A CN107047017 A CN 107047017A CN 201710284922 A CN201710284922 A CN 201710284922A CN 107047017 A CN107047017 A CN 107047017A
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China
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seed
nutrition soil
bletilla striata
vitamin
planting
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万继银
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Anhui Province Huoshan County Nongbole Development Co Ltd
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Anhui Province Huoshan County Nongbole Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C5/00Fertilisers containing other nitrates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Pretreatment Of Seeds And Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, comprise the following steps:(1)Seed preparation,(2)The preparation of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate,(3)Seed sowing,(4)After planting management,(5)Seedling replanting,(6)Managed after transplanting,(7)Pick and process.Cultivating and growing method of the present invention passes through the reasonable improvement to seed sowing management phase, the germination percentage and planting percent of bletilla striata seeds are effectively increased, it is very nearly the same with aseptic seeding mode, and the quality of raised an infant seedling is higher, transplanting survival rate is high, growth situation is strong, in addition, this method is simple to operate, management is convenient, it is easy to spread, cultivation cost has been saved very well, cultivation benefit has been improved, there is the very strong market competitiveness.

Description

A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata.
Background technology
The bletilla striata is perennial herb, pseudobulb root tuber shape, white, plump, has finger-like difference to have flower, spends big and beautiful, Aubergine.It is mainly used in hemoptysis to spit blood, traumatism and bleeding, sore swollen toxin, chapped skin, pulmonary tuberculosis hemoptysis, ulcer haemorrhage, its Bulb colloid containing bletilla, starch, volatile oil etc. are medicinal, there is the effects such as produce effects, tonifying lung is stopped blooding, subsided a swelling, and traumatic bleeding, carbuncle are controlled in external application Swollen, scald, furunculosis etc..Beauty is spent, cultivation is for viewing and admiring, and the bletilla striata is a kind of Wild Medicinal in imminent danger, with bletilla striata wild resource Exhaustion, bletilla striata medicinal material market price rising all the way broken through 400 yuan/kg high point.In the case where such high price is stimulated, finally Remaining wild bletilla striata resource it is estimated will be exhausted not interior for a long time, under these circumstances, it is artificial that many people are sought for the bletilla striata Cultivation, but because seedling is extremely deficient, it is difficult to scale development, or even can not start to walk.Therefore bletilla striata seedling breeding skill must be solved Art problem, can just break the limitation of bletilla striata seedling bottleneck.In the early time, many places of China use bletilla striata seeds in sterile tissue culture bar The method sowed under part has carried out bletilla striata seedling raising technology research, as a result shows, bletilla striata seeds are under the conditions of this kind, Ke Yimeng Seedling is sent out, it is apparent that this method is higher to facilities and equipment condition and aseptic technique level requirement, cost is higher, applied to rule Mould bletilla seed bacterium, which breeds, still has any problem, though so each research unit all achieves laboratory result, have no that popularization should always With.The germination rate of bletilla striata seeds under field conditions (factors) is relatively low, no more than 50%, fresh at present rare to a kind of method is simple, seed Cultivate the bletilla striata planting technology of efficiency high.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that there is provided a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata the problem of being directed to existing.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, comprises the following steps:
(1)It is prepared by seed:
Still uncracked bletilla striata capsule after pollination is chosen, absorption is wiped with wet cotton after the dust on bletilla striata capsule surface, then break Bletilla striata capsule Fruit pod is opened, its internal unqualified shape seed is taken out standby with tweezers;
(2)It is prepared by Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate:
By garden mould, thick river sand, pine needle meal according to mass ratio 30 ~ 34:6~8:1 ~ 3 is mixed, and Nutrition Soil is made after being well mixed, Nutrition Soil is laid in seedlings nursing plate, the thickness for controlling laying is 10 ~ 13cm, Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate is made standby;
(3)Seed is sowed:
By step(1)The seed of gained is uniformly seeded in step(2)In obtained Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, seed is after planting first used Water infiltration seed and Nutrition Soil are atomized, then the one layer thin river sand of spreading above seed again;
(4)After planting manage:
A. after planting, the soil temperature for remaining Nutrition Soil is 18 ~ 24 DEG C to seed, and relative moisture of the soil control is 65 ~ 75%;
B. the 5th ~ 6 day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution A with mist Change mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution A:1 ~ 1.5 part of urea, 0.3 ~ 0.5 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of zinc molybdate, 130 ~ 150 parts of water;
C. the 10th ~ 11 day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution B with Atomizing type is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution B:10 ~ 15 parts of compound dimension lifes Element, 0.02 ~ 0.03 part of brassinosteroid, 1 ~ 3 part of cerous nitrate, 1 ~ 3 part of lanthanum nitrate, 1000 ~ 1200 parts of water;
(5)Seedling replanting:
3 ~ 4 blades are grown after seed is sprouted and sprouted and are bred as qualified seedling, now move seedling out of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Go out, be transplanted into the big Tanaka of plantation, the distance between rows and hills for controlling Seeding planting is:30 ~ 35cm × 20 ~ 25cm, water one immediately after transplanting It is secondary;
(6)Managed after transplanting:
After seedling replanting, tillage and weeding is carried out in time, and preventing and treating pest and disease damage operation wants shallow hoe, it is to avoid hinder root during tillage and weeding, every Plantation crop field was topdressed once in three months, each every mu of 1000 ~ 1500kg of additional people and animals' liquid dung;
(7)Pick and process:
The growth in plantation crop field of bletilla striata seedling can be harvested after 2 years, chosen annual October, carried out when cauline leaf is yellow withered Excavation, first residual stem dead leaf upper with clearing, then digs out stem tuber and shrugs off soil, you can transport processing back.
Further, step(2)Described in thick river sand granular size be 4 ~ 7mm.
Further, step(3)Described in thin river sand granular size be 1 ~ 3mm.
Further, step(4)Operate the fountain height of nutrient solution A every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in b for 140 ~ 160g。
Further, step(4)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in c B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
Further, step(4)Operate the fountain height of nutrient solution B every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in c for 280 ~ 300g。
In order to lift the sowing survival rate of bletilla striata seeds, sterile culture being used people, the cost that it is consumed is too high more, it is impossible to Effectively promoted, the present invention is on the basis of bletilla striata seeds germinating growth rule is followed, by substantial amounts of experiment, rationally adjusted The processing step in planting process is saved, it is low to effectively improve bletilla striata seeds germination percentage, the problem of breeding efficiency is poor, and then lifted The benefit of cultivating and growing.The present invention has selected garden mould, thick river sand and pine needle meal component before seed sowing, rational allocation into Nutrition Soil is sowed, it has ventilative, nutrient preserving capability good, the characteristics of loam is soft suitable, provided for the growth germination of bletilla striata seeds Good environmental basis, after planting have adjusted corresponding management operation afterwards, is selecting the 5th ~ 6 day in seed after planting again, Contain to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, in wherein nutrient solution A the elements such as substantial amounts of N, Mg, Fe, Zn into Point, the period that this stage intracellular chloroplaset of exactly embryo is largely produced, the nutrient solution A compositions now added can ensure chloroplaset Normal substantial amounts of generation, is that good condition has been established in the growth of follow-up seedling, while it can be the cell of subsequent growth point again Provide material base, in the 10th ~ 11 day of seed after planting, and to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing, battalion in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Contain different types of vitamin, brassinosteroid in nutrient solution B, and a small amount of rare earth nitrades composition, such material adds Plus the growth of the growth cone institutional framework of growing point formation can be effectively facilitated, and extended meeting forms protocorm after growth cone institutional framework Stem, the portion of tissue of protocorm can differentiate phyllopodium again, and then develop into blade, therefore promote the life of growth cone institutional framework Length is significant, by the special operation of above-mentioned two step, and the institutional framework that seed sprouts differentiation is strengthened and improved, and is entered And overall germination percentage and later stage seedling quality are enhanced, while its is simple to operate, it is adaptable to the sowing under normal condition.
The present invention has advantages below compared with prior art:
Cultivating and growing method of the present invention effectively increases the hair of bletilla striata seeds by the reasonable improvement to seed sowing management phase Bud rate and planting percent, it is very nearly the same with aseptic seeding mode, and the quality of raised an infant seedling is higher, transplanting survival rate is high, growth state Gesture is strong, in addition, this method is simple to operate, management is convenient, it is easy to promote, cultivation cost has been saved very well, cultivation benefit is improved, There is the very strong market competitiveness.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, comprises the following steps:
(1)It is prepared by seed:
Still uncracked bletilla striata capsule after pollination is chosen, absorption is wiped with wet cotton after the dust on bletilla striata capsule surface, then break Bletilla striata capsule Fruit pod is opened, its internal unqualified shape seed is taken out standby with tweezers;
(2)It is prepared by Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate:
By garden mould, thick river sand, pine needle meal according to mass ratio 30:6:1 is mixed, and Nutrition Soil is made after being well mixed, by nutrition Soil is laid in seedlings nursing plate, and the thickness for controlling laying is 10 ~ 13cm, Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate is made standby;
(3)Seed is sowed:
By step(1)The seed of gained is uniformly seeded in step(2)In obtained Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, seed is after planting first used Water infiltration seed and Nutrition Soil are atomized, then the one layer thin river sand of spreading above seed again;
(4)After planting manage:
A. after planting, the soil temperature for remaining Nutrition Soil is 18 ~ 24 DEG C to seed, and relative moisture of the soil control is 65 ~ 75%;
B. the 5th day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution A to be atomized Mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution A:1 part of urea, 0.3 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.1 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.1 part of zinc molybdate, 130 parts of water;
C. the 10th ~ 11 day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution B with Atomizing type is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution B:10 parts of B B-complexes, 0.02 part of brassinosteroid, 1 part of cerous nitrate, 1 part of lanthanum nitrate, 1000 parts of water;
(5)Seedling replanting:
3 ~ 4 blades are grown after seed is sprouted and sprouted and are bred as qualified seedling, now move seedling out of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Go out, be transplanted into the big Tanaka of plantation, the distance between rows and hills for controlling Seeding planting is:30cm × 20cm, waters once immediately after transplanting;
(6)Managed after transplanting:
After seedling replanting, tillage and weeding is carried out in time, and preventing and treating pest and disease damage operation wants shallow hoe, it is to avoid hinder root during tillage and weeding, every Plantation crop field was topdressed once in three months, each every mu of additional people and animals' liquid dung 1000kg;
(7)Pick and process:
The growth in plantation crop field of bletilla striata seedling can be harvested after 2 years, chosen annual October, carried out when cauline leaf is yellow withered Excavation, first residual stem dead leaf upper with clearing, then digs out stem tuber and shrugs off soil, you can transport processing back.
Further, step(2)Described in thick river sand granular size be 4 ~ 7mm.
Further, step(3)Described in thin river sand granular size be 1 ~ 3mm.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution A every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in b is 140g.
Further, step(4)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in c B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution B every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in c is 280g.
Embodiment 2
A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, comprises the following steps:
(1)It is prepared by seed:
Still uncracked bletilla striata capsule after pollination is chosen, absorption is wiped with wet cotton after the dust on bletilla striata capsule surface, then break Bletilla striata capsule Fruit pod is opened, its internal unqualified shape seed is taken out standby with tweezers;
(2)It is prepared by Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate:
By garden mould, thick river sand, pine needle meal according to mass ratio 32:7:2 are mixed, and Nutrition Soil are made after being well mixed, by nutrition Soil is laid in seedlings nursing plate, and the thickness for controlling laying is 10 ~ 13cm, Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate is made standby;
(3)Seed is sowed:
By step(1)The seed of gained is uniformly seeded in step(2)In obtained Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, seed is after planting first used Water infiltration seed and Nutrition Soil are atomized, then the one layer thin river sand of spreading above seed again;
(4)After planting manage:
A. after planting, the soil temperature for remaining Nutrition Soil is 18 ~ 24 DEG C to seed, and relative moisture of the soil control is 65 ~ 75%;
B. the 6th day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution A to be atomized Mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution A:1.2 parts of urea, 0.4 part of sulfuric acid Magnesium, 0.2 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.2 part of zinc molybdate, 140 parts of water;
C. the 10th day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution B with mist Change mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution B:13 parts of B B-complexes, 0.025 part of brassinosteroid, 2 parts of cerous nitrates, 2 parts of lanthanum nitrates, 1100 parts of water;
(5)Seedling replanting:
3 ~ 4 blades are grown after seed is sprouted and sprouted and are bred as qualified seedling, now move seedling out of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Go out, be transplanted into the big Tanaka of plantation, the distance between rows and hills for controlling Seeding planting is:32cm × 23cm, waters once immediately after transplanting;
(6)Managed after transplanting:
After seedling replanting, tillage and weeding is carried out in time, and preventing and treating pest and disease damage operation wants shallow hoe, it is to avoid hinder root during tillage and weeding, every Plantation crop field was topdressed once in three months, each every mu of additional people and animals' liquid dung 1300kg;
(7)Pick and process:
The growth in plantation crop field of bletilla striata seedling can be harvested after 2 years, chosen annual October, carried out when cauline leaf is yellow withered Excavation, first residual stem dead leaf upper with clearing, then digs out stem tuber and shrugs off soil, you can transport processing back.
Further, step(2)Described in thick river sand granular size be 4 ~ 7mm.
Further, step(3)Described in thin river sand granular size be 1 ~ 3mm.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution A every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in b is 150g.
Further, step(4)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in c B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution B every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in c is 290g.
Embodiment 3
A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, comprises the following steps:
(1)It is prepared by seed:
Still uncracked bletilla striata capsule after pollination is chosen, absorption is wiped with wet cotton after the dust on bletilla striata capsule surface, then break Bletilla striata capsule Fruit pod is opened, its internal unqualified shape seed is taken out standby with tweezers;
(2)It is prepared by Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate:
By garden mould, thick river sand, pine needle meal according to mass ratio 34:8:3 are mixed, and Nutrition Soil are made after being well mixed, by nutrition Soil is laid in seedlings nursing plate, and the thickness for controlling laying is 10 ~ 13cm, Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate is made standby;
(3)Seed is sowed:
By step(1)The seed of gained is uniformly seeded in step(2)In obtained Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, seed is after planting first used Water infiltration seed and Nutrition Soil are atomized, then the one layer thin river sand of spreading above seed again;
(4)After planting manage:
A. after planting, the soil temperature for remaining Nutrition Soil is 18 ~ 24 DEG C to seed, and relative moisture of the soil control is 65 ~ 75%;
B. the 6th day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution A to be atomized Mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution A:1.5 parts of urea, 0.5 part of sulfuric acid Magnesium, 0.3 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.3 part of zinc molybdate, 150 parts of water;
C. the 11st day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution B with mist Change mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution B:15 parts of B B-complexes, 0.03 part of brassinosteroid, 3 parts of cerous nitrates, 3 parts of lanthanum nitrates, 1200 parts of water;
(5)Seedling replanting:
3 ~ 4 blades are grown after seed is sprouted and sprouted and are bred as qualified seedling, now move seedling out of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Go out, be transplanted into the big Tanaka of plantation, the distance between rows and hills for controlling Seeding planting is:35cm × 25cm, waters once immediately after transplanting;
(6)Managed after transplanting:
After seedling replanting, tillage and weeding is carried out in time, and preventing and treating pest and disease damage operation wants shallow hoe, it is to avoid hinder root during tillage and weeding, every Plantation crop field was topdressed once in three months, each every mu of additional people and animals' liquid dung 1500kg;
(7)Pick and process:
The growth in plantation crop field of bletilla striata seedling can be harvested after 2 years, chosen annual October, carried out when cauline leaf is yellow withered Excavation, first residual stem dead leaf upper with clearing, then digs out stem tuber and shrugs off soil, you can transport processing back.
Further, step(2)Described in thick river sand granular size be 4 ~ 7mm.
Further, step(3)Described in thin river sand granular size be 1 ~ 3mm.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution A every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in b is 160g.
Further, step(4)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in c B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
Further, step(4)The fountain height for operating nutrient solution B every square of Nutrition Soil of correspondence described in c is 300g.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example 1 compared with Example 2, without step(4)Operation b processing in after planting managing, in addition Method and step all same.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example 2 compared with Example 2, without step(4)Operation c processing in after planting managing, in addition Method and step all same.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example 3 compared with Example 2, is carrying out step(4)When operation c in after planting managing is handled, battalion is removed B B-complex, cerous nitrate and lanthanum nitrate composition in nutrient solution B, method and step all same in addition.
Control group 1
Existing bletilla striata seeds soil seeding and seedling raising cultural method.
Control group 2
Existing bletilla striata seeds aseptic seeding growing seedlings cultural method.
In order to contrast effect of the present invention, from the bletilla striata seeds with a collection of harvesting as experimental subjects, it is randomly divided into Six groups, respectively with above-described embodiment 2, comparative example 1, comparative example 2, comparative example 3, control group 1, the institute of control group 2 The method stated carries out processing cultivation, and is sampled detection to the different phase of cultivation, and table 1 below is that each group brings out 3 ~ 4 blades Every correction data before qualified seedling:
Table 1
Note:Germination rate described in upper table 1 the refers to bletilla striata seeds germination rate of after planting 15 days, described seedling mean elements is Refer to the mean elements of root when seedling grows 3 ~ 4 blades.
Cultural method of the present invention can effectively improve the quality of seed seedling-raising it can be seen from upper table 1, be that follow-up cultivation is established Good basis is determined.
In order to further contrast effect of the present invention, after above-mentioned each group is planted 2 years according to corresponding method continuous cultivation, system Its corresponding per mu yield is counted, specific correction data is as shown in table 2 below:
Table 2
Cultural method yield of the present invention is taller compared with aseptic seeding growing seedlings cultural method it can be seen from upper table 2, some reasons It is that the Resistance of Seedling that self seed is brought out is good, nutrition accumulation ability strong, growth situation is vigorous, is shown in the development in later stage Stronger competitiveness.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)It is prepared by seed:
Still uncracked bletilla striata capsule after pollination is chosen, absorption is wiped with wet cotton after the dust on bletilla striata capsule surface, then break Bletilla striata capsule Fruit pod is opened, its internal unqualified shape seed is taken out standby with tweezers;
(2)It is prepared by Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate:
By garden mould, thick river sand, pine needle meal according to mass ratio 30 ~ 34:6~8:1 ~ 3 is mixed, and Nutrition Soil is made after being well mixed, Nutrition Soil is laid in seedlings nursing plate, the thickness for controlling laying is 10 ~ 13cm, Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate is made standby;
(3)Seed is sowed:
By step(1)The seed of gained is uniformly seeded in step(2)In obtained Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, seed is after planting first used Water infiltration seed and Nutrition Soil are atomized, then the one layer thin river sand of spreading above seed again;
(4)After planting manage:
A. after planting, the soil temperature for remaining Nutrition Soil is 18 ~ 24 DEG C to seed, and relative moisture of the soil control is 65 ~ 75%;
B. the 5th ~ 6 day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid A processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution A with mist Change mode is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution A:1 ~ 1.5 part of urea, 0.3 ~ 0.5 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of zinc molybdate, 130 ~ 150 parts of water;
C. the 10th ~ 11 day in seed after planting, to adding one time of nutrition liquid B processing in Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate, by nutrient solution B with Atomizing type is sprayed on Nutrition Soil, and each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in described nutrient solution B:10 ~ 15 parts of compound dimension lifes Element, 0.02 ~ 0.03 part of brassinosteroid, 1 ~ 3 part of cerous nitrate, 1 ~ 3 part of lanthanum nitrate, 1000 ~ 1200 parts of water;
(5)Seedling replanting:
3 ~ 4 blades are grown after seed is sprouted and sprouted and are bred as qualified seedling, now move seedling out of Nutrition Soil seedlings nursing plate Go out, be transplanted into the big Tanaka of plantation, the distance between rows and hills for controlling Seeding planting is:30 ~ 35cm × 20 ~ 25cm, water one immediately after transplanting It is secondary;
(6)Managed after transplanting:
After seedling replanting, tillage and weeding is carried out in time, and preventing and treating pest and disease damage operation wants shallow hoe, it is to avoid hinder root during tillage and weeding, every Plantation crop field was topdressed once in three months, each every mu of 1000 ~ 1500kg of additional people and animals' liquid dung;
(7)Pick and process:
The growth in plantation crop field of bletilla striata seedling can be harvested after 2 years, chosen annual October, carried out when cauline leaf is yellow withered Excavation, first residual stem dead leaf upper with clearing, then digs out stem tuber and shrugs off soil, you can transport processing back.
2. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(2)Described in it is thick The granular size of river sand is 4 ~ 7mm.
3. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(3)Described in it is thin The granular size of river sand is 1 ~ 3mm.
4. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Operate described in b Nutrient solution A correspondence every square of Nutrition Soil fountain height be 140 ~ 160g.
5. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Operate described in c B B-complex in contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
6. a kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Operate described in c Nutrient solution B correspondence every square of Nutrition Soil fountain height be 280 ~ 300g.
CN201710284922.3A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 A kind of efficiency cultivation technology for high of the bletilla striata Pending CN107047017A (en)

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