CN106613711B - Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency - Google Patents

Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106613711B
CN106613711B CN201710061433.1A CN201710061433A CN106613711B CN 106613711 B CN106613711 B CN 106613711B CN 201710061433 A CN201710061433 A CN 201710061433A CN 106613711 B CN106613711 B CN 106613711B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
jujube
time
days
consistency
age
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201710061433.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106613711A (en
Inventor
陈奇凌
郑强卿
王晶晶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences filed Critical Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority to CN201710061433.1A priority Critical patent/CN106613711B/en
Publication of CN106613711A publication Critical patent/CN106613711A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106613711B publication Critical patent/CN106613711B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural methods improved into age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency, using flowering fruit bearing stage control as core, by promoting to rise at flower quality, the control of advantage inflorescence, adjusting the accumulation of fruit substance and ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging, good fruit commodity rate and consistency are obtained under the conditions ofs identical liquid manure, trimming etc., improve into that age jujube garden cultivation is horizontal and benefit, have the characteristics that can normalizing operation, to be easy to receiving, easy to operate, strong applicability, effect obvious.

Description

Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency
Technical field
The invention belongs to jujube cultivation fields, more specifically to raising at age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency Cultural method.
Background technique
Jujube (scientific name: Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), nickname Chinese date, jujube, thorn jujube pass through jujube, and Rhamnaceae zizyphus is planted Object is grown on 1700 meters of height above sea level mountain area, hills or Plains below, widely cultivates.This kind originating in China, present Asia, Europe Often there is cultivation with America.Jujube vitamin C rich in, citrin can often be made candied date, jujube, smoke except for fresh food Preserved fruits and the preserved fruits such as jujube, dateplum persimmon, wine jujube and tooth jujube can also make jujube paste, jujube face, jujube wine, jujube vinegar etc., be raw materials for food industry.
In recent years because its natural environment regional superiority is as emerging jujube tree artificial growth area, produced jujube quality is high in Xinjiang. Xinjiang jujube garden is mostly dense planting intensive culture, and majority jujube garden enters into age at present, but increases with jujube tree age, and tree body constantly becomes larger, Garden mutually starts closing, and illumination situation of divulging information influences yield and quality, and the consistency of tree body different parts jujube fruit is poor, inferior grade and waits outer Fruit is increased, and the advantage of dense planting jujube garden starts to reduce.Therefore improving becomes in production at the commodity rate and consistency of age jujube garden fruit Pressing issues.
In existing well-known technique, the important foundation that rational density, liquid manure are basic, trimming is orchard production practices, fruit Garden density, land occupation condition, management level, tree body size are directly related to orchard commodity rate, consistency.But it is more because being related to aspect, Each link technology is different, and technology cycle is long, and agro-industrial difficult grasp, technology arrival rate is low, is not easy to carry out in production.It is sent out in jujube growth In educating, it is believed that, commodity rate and consistency and the flowers and fruits period management correlation highest of jujube fruit, density in cultivation, are repaired liquid manure It cuts and all just serves flowering fruit bearing stage, flowers and fruits period management is the most critical link of jujube cultivation, concerning the realization of breeding objectives and benefit. And mostly flowering fruit bearing stage is existed side by side with the above link in the prior art, and more extensive to flowers and fruits period management, lack intuitive judgment standard.
Therefore, a kind of using flowering fruit bearing stage control is the raising of core into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency It is suggested, it is obvious that this method is easy to receiving, easy to operate, strong applicability, effect, cultivates horizontal and benefit at age jujube garden to improving It realizes significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural methods improved into age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention provides technical solution below: mainly comprising the steps that
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before 1.5~2.5cm of new jujube head;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 5~7, " agriculture is all happy " 2800~3200 times of liquid or PBO are sprayed 80~120 times of liquid of foliar fertilizer, continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 13~17 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 40~60PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate Solution 0.5~1.5% continuous 2~3 times, sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time, promotes bud differentiation, improves into Hua Zhiliang;
Further, described strengthen is supplemented while carrying out at the blade face Hua Keyu nutrient.
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed
When jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, the time is most preferably managed for inflorescence when the visible advantage inflorescence of 4~6 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, Flower and fruit protector or green shield are sprayed, continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 8~11 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time, and appropriate Water and fertilizer control.
Above-mentioned advantage inflorescence be jujube Inflorescence Differentiation to 3 grades spend more than inflorescence;
Above-mentioned spraying time is preferably the dusk time-division;
Further, soil moisture content is preferably kept in 50~60% when controlling water.
Further, it preferably applies fertilizer in Post flowering stopping in 14~16 days, and to 14~16 days after spraying for the second time and bears fruit After apply fertilizer.
(3), the accumulation of fruit substance is adjusted
When jujube young fruit length to soybean size, that is, transverse diameter is 5~8mm, DA is sprayed~-6:10~50PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate Solution 0.5~1.5%, continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 8~11 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (September 10 days to October 20) sprays 700~900 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 15~20 days, a mu 15~20Kg of dosage was sprayed every time;
Mid or late August, the 8th~12 day after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick protein 25~35ug/L+ spermidine 0.2 of foliage-spray ~0.3mmol/L continuous 2~3 times, sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time, and every minor tick 9~11 days prevents leaf presenility.
The present invention is to guarantee the commodity rate and consistency of jujube garden fruit, is the integrated use of package, but single ring Section application can also, it is overall all can size, content to fruit be how many, uniformity generates facilitation.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
The present invention is based on promote to rise at flower quality, the control of advantage inflorescence, adjust the skills such as the accumulation of fruit substance, ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging Art link focuses primarily upon flowering fruit bearing stage, and can obtain good fruit commodity rate and one under the conditions ofs identical liquid manure, trimming etc. Cause property, every link has simple regulation measure, can normalizing operation, have be easy to receive, easy to operate, strong applicability, effect The features such as fruit is obvious.
Specific embodiment
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 1: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 1.5cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 7, spraying " agriculture is all happy " 3200 times of liquid, and continuous 2 times, every time Interval 15 days, sprays a mu dosage 15Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 40PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 20Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 6 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Green shield is applied, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 8 days sprays a mu dosage 15Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 6mm, spraying DA-6:50PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.7%, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 11 days sprays a mu dosage 19Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 700 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2 times, every minor tick 18 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 16Kg;
Mid or late August, 9 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick albumen 35ug/L+ spermidine 0.2mmol/L of foliage-spray, continuously 3 times, a mu dosage 17Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 9 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 2: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 1.7cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 5, spraying 100 times of liquid of PBO foliar fertilizer, and continuous 3 times, every time Interval 14 days, sprays a mu dosage 20Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 43PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.3%, continuous 2 times, a mu dosage 15Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 4 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Flower and fruit protector is applied, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 9 days sprays a mu dosage 18Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 7mm, spraying DA-6:10PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.3%, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 10 days sprays a mu dosage 20Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 900 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 3 times, every minor tick 17 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 15Kg;
Mid or late August, 10 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick albumen 34ug/L+ spermidine 0.2mmol/L of foliage-spray, even It is 2 times continuous, a mu dosage 16Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 10 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 3: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 1.9cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 7, spraying " agriculture is all happy " 3000 times of liquid, and continuous 2 times, every time Interval 13 days, sprays a mu dosage 20Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 46PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.1%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 15Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 6 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Green shield is applied, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 10 days sprays a mu dosage 19Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 8mm, spraying DA-6:16PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.1%, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 9 days sprays a mu dosage 15Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 870 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2 times, every minor tick 16 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 20Kg;
Mid or late August, 9 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick protein 25 ug/L+ spermidine 0.3mmol/L of foliage-spray, continuously 3 times, a mu dosage 15Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 11 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 4: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 2.1cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 6, spraying 120 times of liquid of PBO foliar fertilizer, and continuous 2 times, every time Interval 15 days, sprays a mu dosage 19Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 49PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.9%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 16Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 5 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Flower and fruit protector is applied, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 11 days sprays a mu dosage 20Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 5mm, spraying DA-6:22PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.9%, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 8 days sprays a mu dosage 16Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 730 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 3 times, every minor tick 15 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 19Kg;
Mid or late August, 8 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick albumen 33ug/L+ spermidine 0.2mmol/L of foliage-spray, continuously 2 times, a mu dosage 20Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 9 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 5: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 2.3cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 5, spraying " agriculture is all happy " 2800 times of liquid, and continuous 2 times, every time Interval 16 days, sprays a mu dosage 18Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 52PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.7%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 17Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 4 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Green shield is applied, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 9 days sprays a mu dosage 16Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 8mm, spraying DA-6:45PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.7%, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 9 days sprays a mu dosage 17Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 760 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 3 times, every minor tick 18 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 18Kg;
Mid or late August, 11 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick albumen 30ug/L+ spermidine 0.3mmol/L of foliage-spray, even It is 2 times continuous, a mu dosage 19Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 10 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 6: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 2.5cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 7, spraying 100 times of liquid of PBO foliar fertilizer, and continuous 3 times, every time Interval 17 days, sprays a mu dosage 17Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 55PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, continuous 2 times, a mu dosage 18Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 6 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Flower and fruit protector is applied, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 11 days sprays a mu dosage 17Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 7mm, spraying DA-6:40PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 8 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 790 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 3 times, every minor tick 15 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 17Kg;
Mid or late August, 12 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick protein 32 ug/L+ spermidine 0.2mmol/L of foliage-spray, even It is 2 times continuous, a mu dosage 18Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 11 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 7: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients.
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 1.5cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 6, spraying " agriculture is all happy " 3000 times of liquid, and continuous 2 times, every time Interval 13 days, sprays a mu dosage 16Kg every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 57PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 19Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 5 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Green shield is applied, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 10 days sprays a mu dosage 20Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 6mm, spraying DA-6:34PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 10 days sprays a mu dosage 18Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 810 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2 times, each every 20 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 16Kg;
Mid or late August, 11 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick protein 26 ug/L+ spermidine 0.3mmol/L of foliage-spray, even It is 3 times continuous, a mu dosage 17Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 9 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 8: the following steps are included:
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, strive branch, extremely weak branch unexpectedly, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant, reduces pruning rate to the greatest extent, Avoid because trimming stimulation jujube head sprout, thus at flower-shape at Competition for Nutrients;
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before new jujube head 2.1cm;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 5, spraying 80 times of liquid of PBO foliar fertilizer, continuous 3 times, every time between Every 15 days, a mu dosage 15Kg was sprayed every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 60PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, continuous 3 times, a mu dosage 20Kg is sprayed every time, promotes bud differentiation, is improved into Hua Zhiliang;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed: when jujube hangs mean leaf 10 or more, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 4 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, and spray Flower and fruit protector is applied, continuous 3 times, every minor tick 9 days sprays a mu dosage 15Kg, and appropriate water and fertilizer control every time.
(3), it adjusts the accumulation of fruit substance: when jujube young fruit length to soybean size i.e. transverse diameter is 5mm, spraying DA-6:28PPM + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.3%, continuous 2 times, every minor tick 10 days sprays a mu dosage 19Kg every time;
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
White ripe phase (mid-September to late October) sprays 840 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2 times, every minor tick 19 days, often It is secondary to spray a mu dosage 15Kg;
Mid or late August, 10 days after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick albumen 27ug/L+ spermidine 0.2mmol/L of foliage-spray, even It is 3 times continuous, a mu dosage 16Kg is sprayed every time, and every minor tick 10 days prevents leaf presenility.
Embodiment 9: compared with Examples 1 to 8 any embodiment, the present embodiment the difference is that: the step (1) Middle reinforcing Cheng Huayu blade face nutrient is supplemented while being carried out.
Embodiment 10: being directed to above-described embodiment 1~8, and the spraying time of the step (2) is the dusk time-division, further, Soil moisture content is maintained at 50% when controlling water;Control fertilizer should apply fertilizer in Post flowering stoppings in 16 days, and to spray for the second time afterwards 15 days and It applies fertilizer after bearing fruit.
Embodiment 11: being directed to above-described embodiment 1~8, and the spraying time of the step (2) is the dusk time-division, further, Soil moisture content is maintained at 55% when controlling water;Control fertilizer should apply fertilizer in Post flowering stoppings in 15 days, and to spray for the second time afterwards 14 days and It applies fertilizer after bearing fruit.
Embodiment 12: being directed to above-described embodiment 1~8, and the spraying time of the step (2) is the dusk time-division, further, Soil moisture content is maintained at 60% when controlling water;Control fertilizer should apply fertilizer in Post flowering stoppings in 14 days, and to spray for the second time afterwards 16 days and It applies fertilizer after bearing fruit.
What has been described above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the concept of the premise of the invention, several changes and improvements can also be made, these belong to the present invention Protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultural method improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that mainly comprise the steps that
(1), promote to rise at flower quality
Trimming: only wiping out sick branch, competitive branch, extremely weak branch, remaining is motionless, maintains tree body constant;
Spring bud picking: it erases in time before 1.5~2.5cm of new jujube head;
Blade face nutrient supplement: when jujube hangs the number of blade long to 5~7, " agriculture is all happy " 2800~3200 times of liquid or the blade face PBO are sprayed Fertile 80~120 times of liquid, continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 13~17 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time;
Strengthen into flower: when jujube, which hangs Inflorescence Differentiation, buddings, foliage-spray Triiodobenzoic acid 40~60PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5~1.5%, continuous 2~3 times, a mu 15~20Kg of dosage is sprayed every time;
(2), advantage inflorescence is managed
It is 10 or more when jujube hangs blade, when the visible advantage inflorescence of 4~6 whitetomentose ainsliaes herb sequences, sprays flower and fruit protector or green shield, continuously 2~3 times, every minor tick 8~11 days sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage every time, and carries out water and fertilizer control;
(3), the accumulation of fruit substance is adjusted
When jujube young fruit length to transverse diameter is 5~8mm, DA~-6:10~50PPM+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5~1.5% is sprayed, Continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 8~11 days sprays a mu 15~20K of dosage every timeg
(4), ripe phase anti-disease, anti-aging
The white ripe phase sprays 700~900 times of liquid of Mancozeb, and continuous 2~3 times, every minor tick 15~20 days sprays a mu dosage every time 15~20Kg;
Mid or late August, the 8th~12 day after jujube garden is cut off the water, the super quick protein 25~35ug/L+ spermidine of foliage-spray (0.2~ 0.3) mmol/L continuous 2~3 times, sprays a mu 15~20Kg of dosage, every minor tick 9~11 days every time.
2. the cultural method as described in claim 1 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that the step Suddenly strengthen nutrient supplement in the blade face Cheng Huayu in (1) while carrying out.
3. the cultural method as described in claim 1 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that described excellent Gesture inflorescence be jujube Inflorescence Differentiation to 3 grades spend more than inflorescence.
4. the cultural method as claimed in claim 1,2 or 3 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that It carries out spraying for the first time when whole jujube garden blooms and reaches 35~45% in the step (2), is spaced and carries out within 8~11 days second It sprays.
5. the cultural method as claimed in claim 1,2 or 3 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that Spraying time in the step (2) is the dusk time-division.
6. the cultural method as claimed in claim 4 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that the step Suddenly the spraying time in (2) is the dusk time-division.
7. the cultural method as claimed in claim 1,2 or 3 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that Soil moisture content remains 50~60% in the step (2).
8. the cultural method as claimed in claim 4 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that the step Suddenly soil moisture content remains 50~60% in (2).
9. the cultural method as claimed in claim 1,2 or 3 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that Apply fertilizer in the step (2) from Post flowering stopping in 14~16 days, until second apply fertilizer after 14~16 days and applied after bearing fruit Fertilizer.
10. the cultural method as claimed in claim 4 improved into age jujube garden commodity rate and consistency, which is characterized in that described Apply fertilizer in step (2) from Post flowering stopping in 14~16 days, until second apply fertilizer after 14~16 days and apply fertilizer after bearing fruit.
CN201710061433.1A 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency Active CN106613711B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710061433.1A CN106613711B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710061433.1A CN106613711B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106613711A CN106613711A (en) 2017-05-10
CN106613711B true CN106613711B (en) 2019-07-02

Family

ID=58841569

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710061433.1A Active CN106613711B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106613711B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110073909A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-08-02 绵阳师范学院 A kind of implantation methods improving campanulaceae yield and content of drug effect components
CN111742774B (en) * 2020-07-30 2022-01-14 新疆农垦科学院 Facility cultivation method for promoting precocity of winter jujubes in southern Xinjiang
CN114375754B (en) * 2022-01-17 2023-03-31 新疆农垦科学院 Water-saving cultivation method for jujube orchard in arid region and application of water-saving cultivation method in cost reduction and quality improvement

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1336101A (en) * 2000-07-29 2002-02-20 于存河 Date cultivating method
CN1559173A (en) * 2004-03-04 2005-01-05 李绪阳 Method for reproducing and cultivating medicinal jujube tree in North
CN1887053A (en) * 2006-07-10 2007-01-03 即墨市金口冬枣协会 Date fruit setting technology
CN102919028A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 四川农业大学 Cultivation method for helping Zhanshan dates to bud early and ripe in advance
CN103621368A (en) * 2013-10-27 2014-03-12 大连东芳果菜专业合作社 Positioning and blossom forming technical method for sweet cherries
CN104737871A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 塔里木大学 Fruit-cracking preventing method for jun jujube cultivated in drought desert oasis in dwarf compact planting mode
CN104920150A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 阿克苏地区林业局 Close planting date garden tree form improving method
CN106342457A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 怀远县荆涂山石榴科技有限公司 Pomegranate tree leaf fertilizing method

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1336101A (en) * 2000-07-29 2002-02-20 于存河 Date cultivating method
CN1559173A (en) * 2004-03-04 2005-01-05 李绪阳 Method for reproducing and cultivating medicinal jujube tree in North
CN1887053A (en) * 2006-07-10 2007-01-03 即墨市金口冬枣协会 Date fruit setting technology
CN102919028A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 四川农业大学 Cultivation method for helping Zhanshan dates to bud early and ripe in advance
CN103621368A (en) * 2013-10-27 2014-03-12 大连东芳果菜专业合作社 Positioning and blossom forming technical method for sweet cherries
CN104737871A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 塔里木大学 Fruit-cracking preventing method for jun jujube cultivated in drought desert oasis in dwarf compact planting mode
CN104920150A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 阿克苏地区林业局 Close planting date garden tree form improving method
CN106342457A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 怀远县荆涂山石榴科技有限公司 Pomegranate tree leaf fertilizing method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106613711A (en) 2017-05-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103814750B (en) A kind of organic blueberry breeding method
CN104663356A (en) Production method for realizing double-cropping fruiting of grapes
CN103704089A (en) Method for culturing citrus trees
CN103069990A (en) Mid-autumn crispy jujube cracking disease control method
CN106954517A (en) A kind of cultural method of grape
CN104381080A (en) Cherry cultivation method
CN104160902A (en) Shiranuhi hybrid citrus out-of-season cultivation method
CN103766187A (en) Method for planting red-core kiwis
CN106613711B (en) Improve into the cultural method of age jujube garden fruit commodity rate and consistency
CN104813821B (en) Cultivation method for prompting blossoming and fruiting of tomato
CN106386368A (en) Citrus gonggan paddy field high production planting method
CN107278792A (en) Red Ba Ladi grapes two crops a year implantation methods in a kind of intelligent greenhouse
CN106358970A (en) Mountain land planting method of red grapes
CN106613637A (en) High-yield citrus gonggan hill cultivation method
CN105900786A (en) Method for managing adult grape vines
CN103444479A (en) Cultivation method for Mopan persimmon trees
CN104303670A (en) Water and fertilizer management method for apples under drought stress
CN101595820B (en) Culturing method for nursery stocks of walnut trees with high survival rate
Singh et al. Studies on the effect of foliar spray of Zn, Cu and B on growth, yield and fruit quality of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L.) cv. Mosambi
CN106613638A (en) Citrus gonggan cultivation and insecticidal method
CN103210813B (en) Lignification jujube bearing branch culture method for pear-jujube in northern Sinkiang area
CN105660303A (en) Method for cultivating organic camellia sinensiscv tea
CN107047222B (en) Method for producing selenium-rich grapes by improving utilization rate of selenium fertilizer
CN104904553B (en) Method of paddy field dwarf banana cultivation
CN104782433A (en) Cumquat planting method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant