CN104381080A - Cherry cultivation method - Google Patents

Cherry cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381080A
CN104381080A CN201410699212.3A CN201410699212A CN104381080A CN 104381080 A CN104381080 A CN 104381080A CN 201410699212 A CN201410699212 A CN 201410699212A CN 104381080 A CN104381080 A CN 104381080A
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cherry
cultivation method
soil
planting
field planting
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CN201410699212.3A
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蒋君军
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a cherry cultivation method. The cherry cultivation method comprises the following measures of (1) plantation land and variety selection; (2) transplantation and field planting; (3) post-plantation management including a. fertilization management, b. reshaping and trimming, c. flower and fruiting management and d. insect disease prevention. By means of a scientific cultivation method, yield and quality of cherry plantation lands are greatly improved, and economic incomes of fruit growers are improved. Besides, the cherry cultivation method is simple and easy to operate and popularize.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of cherry
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation method of fruit, be specifically related to a kind of cultivation method of cherry.
Background technology
Cherry has another name called wedge Jing Tao, car li son etc., is the general designation of the plant of some Prunus, is described as " diamond in fruit ", and it comprises cherry subgenus, sour cherry subgenus, laural cherry subgenus etc.Fruit can eat as fruit, bright in colour, sparkling and crystal-clear beauty, red in agate, and Huang is as congealed fat, and nutrition is abundant especially.Fruit is rich in the mineral trace element such as sugar, protein, vitamin and calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, and especially the comparision contents of iron is high, has anti-anemia action, expelling wind and eliminating dampness, inducing astrigency pain relieving, beauty treatment in effects such as appearances, dark liking by consumers in general.
Cherry happiness Wen Xiguang, be afraid of that flood is afraid of drought, is avoided wind and avoid and freeze, be suitable for average temperature of the whole year more than 10 ~ 13 DEG C, early spring, temperature Change was violent, and summer is nice and cool dry, moderate rainfall, the sufficient regional culture of illumination.Along with the continuous expansion of the market demand, the underproduce of cherry, cherry cultivated area also increases gradually in recent years.But in Cherry Production, part orchard worker extensive management, cultivation method are unreasonable, and the seed output and quality of cherry is not high.At present, there is no a set of scientific and reasonable cherry cultivation method can follow.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of system rationally, high yield, high-quality cherry cultivation method.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A cultivation method for cherry, comprises following measures:
(1) planting site and kind is selected: select thick soil stratum, loose soil property, smooth and easy, the pH of ventilating is the sandy soil of 6.0 ~ 7.5, other crops were at least planted more than 3 years in plantation soil, select high disease and insect resistance, drought resisting is endured hardships, root system is strong, the full cherry variety of sprout;
(2) transplant planting: regular watering, soil moisture conservation and blinding when carrying out cherry field planting field planting to spring after fallen leaves, ditch depth, the width of plantation ditch are 70 ~ 80cm, and between strain and strain, interval adopts 3m × 4m or 4m × 5m;
(3) management after planting:
A fertilizing management: after field planting in 1 ~ 2 month, fertilizer once based on nitrogenous fertilizer was applied to root in every 1 ~ 2 week, monthly root is applied based on the fertilizer of phosphorus potash fertilizer afterwards, simultaneously every year the summer, the autumn, spring each scarifying soil once, the degree of depth is 25cm;
B pruning: after nursery stock grows tall, carries out pruning in annual spring, summer and winter, and go up an above 30cm cutting back of major branch to center is dry most from it, pinching simultaneously, band girdle increase major branch quantity year after year;
C flowering fruit bearing stage manage: duration of flowering or before blooming dredge go on the bud on thin and delicate limb and old limb tender constitution flower and malformed flower, the malformed fruit left over of part removing and tender constitution fruit in may, simultaneously the flowers are in blossom to 30% time until after fallen flowers, sprayed the urea of one time 0.3%, boric acid, phosphoric acid phenodiazine potassium mixed liquor every ten days;
D prevention and elimination of disease and pests: spray decis 1500 times of liquid and carbendazol wettable powder 800 times of liquid mixed liquors after plant pruning, wipes out worm tip limb in time and burns simultaneously.
As optimal technical scheme, be beneficial to improve fruit-setting rate in order to cherry tree better pollinates, thus improve seed output and quality, in described measure (2) except field planting cherry also field planting be no less than two kinds other can pollinizers.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to prevent plant microelement deficiencies, so that affect the seed output and quality of plant, in described measure (3), fertilizing management is to while root organic fertilizer, to plant foliage-spray 0.3% ~ 0.5% copperas solution and 0.2% ~ 0.4% solution of zinc sulfate mixed liquor, spray in every 10 ~ 15 days once, sprays 2 ~ 3 times continuously.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to the fruit-setting rate improving plant is beneficial to increasing both production and income, in described measure (3) while flowering fruit bearing stage management flower and fruit thinning, artificial pollination and insect pollination are carried out to plant.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the present invention has: by selecting the cultivation method of planting site and the rear management system science of kind, transplant planting and cultivation, greatly improve the seed output and quality in cherry plantation, increase the income of orchard worker, and method of the present invention simple, be easy to operation and promote.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
A cultivation method for cherry, comprises following measures:
(1) planting site and kind is selected: select thick soil stratum, loose soil property, smooth and easy, the pH of ventilating is the sandy soil of 6.0, other crops were at least planted more than 3 years in plantation soil, select high disease and insect resistance, drought resisting is endured hardships, root system is strong, the full cherry variety of sprout;
(2) transplant planting: regular watering, soil moisture conservation and blinding when carrying out cherry field planting field planting to spring after fallen leaves, ditch depth, the width of plantation ditch are 70cm, and between strain and strain, interval adopts 3m × 4m;
(3) management after planting:
A fertilizing management: after field planting in 2 months, applies fertilizer once based on nitrogenous fertilizer to root in every 1 week, monthly applies based on the fertilizer of phosphorus potash fertilizer root afterwards, while every year the summer, the autumn, spring each scarifying soil once, the degree of depth is 25cm;
B pruning: after nursery stock grows tall, carries out pruning in annual spring, summer and winter, and go up an above 30cm cutting back of major branch to center is dry most from it, pinching simultaneously, band girdle increase major branch quantity year after year;
C flowering fruit bearing stage manage: duration of flowering or before blooming dredge go on the bud on thin and delicate limb and old limb tender constitution flower and malformed flower, the malformed fruit left over of part removing and tender constitution fruit in may, simultaneously the flowers are in blossom to 30% time until after fallen flowers, sprayed the urea of one time 0.3%, boric acid, phosphoric acid phenodiazine potassium mixed liquor every ten days;
D prevention and elimination of disease and pests: spray decis 1500 times of liquid and carbendazol wettable powder 800 times of liquid mixed liquors after plant pruning, wipes out worm tip limb in time and burns simultaneously;
Embodiment 2
A cultivation method for cherry, comprises following measures:
(1) planting site and kind is selected: select thick soil stratum, loose soil property, smooth and easy, the pH of ventilating is the sandy soil of 6.8, other crops were at least planted more than 3 years in plantation soil, select high disease and insect resistance, drought resisting is endured hardships, root system is strong, the full cherry variety of sprout;
(2) transplant planting: regular watering, soil moisture conservation and blinding when carrying out cherry field planting field planting to spring after fallen leaves, ditch depth, the width of plantation ditch are 75cm, between strain and strain, interval adopts 4m × 5m, except field planting cherry also field planting be no less than two kinds other can pollinizers;
(3) management after planting:
A fertilizing management: after field planting in 1 month, fertilizer once based on nitrogenous fertilizer was applied to root in every 2 weeks, monthly root is applied based on the fertilizer of phosphorus potash fertilizer afterwards, simultaneously the annual summer, the autumn, spring each scarifying soil once, the degree of depth is 25cm, in addition, to plant foliage-spray 0.4% copperas solution and 0.3% solution of zinc sulfate mixed liquor, spray in every 13 days once, sprays 2 times continuously;
B pruning: after nursery stock grows tall, carries out pruning in annual spring, summer and winter, and go up an above 30cm cutting back of major branch to center is dry most from it, pinching simultaneously, band girdle increase major branch quantity year after year;
C flowering fruit bearing stage manage: duration of flowering or before blooming dredge go on the bud on thin and delicate limb and old limb tender constitution flower and malformed flower, the malformed fruit left over of part removing and tender constitution fruit in may, simultaneously the flowers are in blossom to 30% time until after fallen flowers, sprayed the urea of one time 0.3%, boric acid, phosphoric acid phenodiazine potassium mixed liquor every ten days;
D prevention and elimination of disease and pests: spray decis 1500 times of liquid and carbendazol wettable powder 800 times of liquid mixed liquors after plant pruning, wipes out worm tip limb in time and burns simultaneously.
Embodiment 3
A cultivation method for cherry, comprises following measures:
(1) planting site and kind is selected: select thick soil stratum, loose soil property, smooth and easy, the pH of ventilating is the sandy soil of 7.5, other crops were at least planted more than 3 years in plantation soil, select high disease and insect resistance, drought resisting is endured hardships, root system is strong, the full cherry variety of sprout;
(2) transplant planting: regular watering, soil moisture conservation and blinding when carrying out cherry field planting field planting to section in spring after fallen leaves, ditch depth, the width of plantation ditch are 80cm, and between strain and strain, interval adopts 4m × 5m;
(3) management after planting:
A fertilizing management: after field planting in 2 months, applies fertilizer once based on nitrogenous fertilizer to root in every 2 weeks, monthly applies based on the fertilizer of phosphorus potash fertilizer root afterwards, while every year the summer, the autumn, spring each scarifying soil once, the degree of depth is 25cm;
B pruning: after nursery stock grows tall, carries out pruning in annual spring, summer and winter, and go up an above 30cm cutting back of major branch to center is dry most from it, pinching simultaneously, band girdle increase major branch quantity year after year;
C flowering fruit bearing stage manage: duration of flowering or before blooming dredge go on the bud on thin and delicate limb and old limb tender constitution flower and malformed flower, the malformed fruit left over of part removing and tender constitution fruit in may, simultaneously the flowers are in blossom to 30% time until after fallen flowers, the urea of one time 0.3%, boric acid, phosphoric acid phenodiazine potassium mixed liquor is sprayed every ten days, in addition, artificial pollination and insect pollination are carried out to plant;
D prevention and elimination of disease and pests: spray decis 1500 times of liquid and carbendazol wettable powder 800 times of liquid mixed liquors after plant pruning, wipes out worm tip limb in time and burns simultaneously.
It should be pointed out that above case is only the representational example of the present invention.Obviously, technical scheme of the present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment, can also have many sex change.

Claims (4)

1. a cultivation method for cherry, is characterized in that, comprises following measures:
(1) planting site and kind is selected: select thick soil stratum, loose soil property, smooth and easy, the pH of ventilating is the sandy soil of 6.0 ~ 7.5, other crops were at least planted more than 3 years in plantation soil, select high disease and insect resistance, drought resisting is endured hardships, root system is strong, the full cherry variety of sprout;
(2) transplant planting: regular watering, soil moisture conservation and blinding when carrying out cherry field planting field planting to spring after fallen leaves, ditch depth, the width of plantation ditch are 70 ~ 80cm, and between strain and strain, interval adopts 3m × 4m or 4m × 5m;
(3) management after planting:
A fertilizing management: after field planting in 1 ~ 2 month, fertilizer once based on nitrogenous fertilizer was applied to root in every 1 ~ 2 week, monthly root is applied based on the fertilizer of phosphorus potash fertilizer afterwards, simultaneously every year the summer, the autumn, spring each scarifying soil once, the degree of depth is 25cm;
B pruning: after nursery stock grows tall, carries out pruning in annual spring, summer and winter, and go up an above 30cm cutting back of major branch to center is dry most from it, pinching simultaneously, band girdle increase major branch quantity year after year;
C flowering fruit bearing stage manage: duration of flowering or before blooming dredge go on the bud on thin and delicate limb and old limb tender constitution flower and malformed flower, the malformed fruit left over of part removing and tender constitution fruit in may, simultaneously the flowers are in blossom to 30% time until after fallen flowers, sprayed the urea of one time 0.3%, boric acid, phosphoric acid phenodiazine potassium mixed liquor every ten days;
D prevention and elimination of disease and pests: spray decis 1500 times of liquid and carbendazol wettable powder 800 times of liquid mixed liquors after plant pruning, wipes out worm tip limb in time and burns simultaneously.
2. the cultivation method of a kind of cherry according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described measure (2) except field planting cherry also field planting be no less than two kinds other can pollinizers.
3. the cultivation method of a kind of cherry according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described measure (3), fertilizing management is to while root organic fertilizer, to plant foliage-spray 0.3% ~ 0.5% copperas solution and 0.2% ~ 0.4% solution of zinc sulfate mixed liquor, spray in every 10 ~ 15 days once, sprays 2 ~ 3 times continuously.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of cherry according to claim 1, to is characterized in that in described measure (3), while flowering fruit bearing stage management flower and fruit thinning, carrying out artificial pollination and insect pollination to plant.
CN201410699212.3A 2014-11-27 2014-11-27 Cherry cultivation method Pending CN104381080A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106472088A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of european large cherry
CN106613630A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-10 安顺市平坝区九九生态农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method for cherry trees
CN106613618A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-05-10 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Method for increasing fruit setting rate of cherries
CN106879418A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-06-23 金寨胜达农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for promoting cherry to do sth. in advance maturation
CN107223511A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of cultural method of promotion cherry high yield
CN107242097A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-10-13 宿州市埇桥区德丰种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cherry
CN107409899A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-01 巫山县宇新农业发展有限公司 A kind of car li tree planting method
CN107567913A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 贵州普定印象朵贝农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of black pearl cherry
CN108064627A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-25 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 A kind of cherry woodland interplanting Herba Kalimeridis and the cultural method of medicago hispida
CN108496686A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-07 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of cherry
CN108738978A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-11-06 申琳 A method of improving cherry fruit-setting rate

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CN102283066A (en) * 2011-06-19 2011-12-21 翟先果 Technology for cultivating cherry in courtyard
CN103609380A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-05 上海瑞沃农业科技有限公司 Cherry planting method
CN104041367A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-17 句容市鑫诚果业家庭农场 Large cherry planting managing method

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CN103609380A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-05 上海瑞沃农业科技有限公司 Cherry planting method
CN104041367A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-17 句容市鑫诚果业家庭农场 Large cherry planting managing method

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106472088A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of european large cherry
CN106613618A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-05-10 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Method for increasing fruit setting rate of cherries
CN106613630A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-10 安顺市平坝区九九生态农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method for cherry trees
CN106879418A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-06-23 金寨胜达农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for promoting cherry to do sth. in advance maturation
CN107409899A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-01 巫山县宇新农业发展有限公司 A kind of car li tree planting method
CN107223511A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of cultural method of promotion cherry high yield
CN107242097A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-10-13 宿州市埇桥区德丰种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cherry
CN107567913A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 贵州普定印象朵贝农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of black pearl cherry
CN108064627A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-25 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 A kind of cherry woodland interplanting Herba Kalimeridis and the cultural method of medicago hispida
CN108496686A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-07 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of cherry
CN108738978A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-11-06 申琳 A method of improving cherry fruit-setting rate

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Application publication date: 20150304