CN106472226A - A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting - Google Patents

A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting Download PDF

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CN106472226A
CN106472226A CN201610894811.XA CN201610894811A CN106472226A CN 106472226 A CN106472226 A CN 106472226A CN 201610894811 A CN201610894811 A CN 201610894811A CN 106472226 A CN106472226 A CN 106472226A
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root
branch
circle
soil
bag cylinder
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CN106472226B (en
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王黔平
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王黔平
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting, method be using the habit for being easy to take root at branch trunk broken skin, with drill bit in the branch stem sample site punching for needing to take root, bark will not be separated by the circular hole that beats with wooden part, the hole that beats is little, what resin was lost in lacks, resin can also be retained in circular hole, more conducively early take root in circular hole, long root, being used in punch method in branch high-pressure process more, soil rope is wound up and down in punch position, there is the long root condition of moistening in the hole that keeps taking root, after long root, soil bag is wrapped on straw rope in good time, new tree root is more cultivated, when tree root reaches a certain amount, it is exactly one tree seedling to cut branch.

Description

A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting
Technical field belongs to the numerous planting technology field of woody tree branch nursery.
The branch layering seedling growth living breeding of technical background trees, because its nursery is simple, survives fast, survival rate height, in all age It is all one of main method for culturing seedlings of sapling.Be all root nursery to be educated from small stems on Propagating Tree at present, adopt diameter more In below 20mm, soil is pressed on branch ground is bent to, the branch in soil grows tree root, and it is exactly one tree to cut off branch Seedling, this method nursery industry are referred to as flat-press process, and branch also is not flexible or branch is thick, just adopts high-pressure process, i.e., Branch does not bend, and educates the position of root to selection, wraps soil, exactly hangs over aerial cultivation and takes root.Taken root to improve soon, utilize Easily take root at trees broken skin, just have educating at root on to bark and draw one and pico farad is drawn to several knives, reach Rapid Rooting.For Larger branch adopts layer stripping, i.e., educate root position and peel off one piece of skin, and scraping in this part flesh side to cultivating to take root Some woody parts are gone, allows which more preferably in taking root.The also not long root of knife-edge part that pico farad has drawn by knife, and length is tight again for bark.Layer stripping Very much not president is tight for wound, and taking root is faster than knife and draws method, be exactly this not the tight wound resin of president ceaselessly flow, waste the battalion of tree Support, during peeling and scraping wood, often skin can be torn with layer of wood, bark does not play growth once be torn, and also Growth can be hindered, while peeling is larger, bark will be grown sternly for a long time, wound is big, and top does not have resin, and bottom resin is many, right Long root of taking root is all unfavorable, peeling can only part peeling take root, can not peeling too much on branch trunk.
The content of the invention present invention provides a method to the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting, and method is to utilize tree It is easy to, at branch trunk broken skin, the habit taken root, with drill bit in the branch stem sample site punching for needing to take root, the circular hole that beats will not be by Bark is separated with wooden part, and what the little resin in the hole that beats was lost in lacks, and can also retain resin, more conducively early give birth in circular hole in circular hole Root, long root.Being used in punch method in high-pressure process more, soil rope being wound up and down in punch position, there is the long root of moistening in the hole that keeps taking root Condition, after long root, wraps soil bag in good time on straw rope, more cultivates new tree root, when tree root reaches a certain amount, cut Branch is exactly one tree seedling.
In trees mound layering nursery, it is the method for promoting to take root soon to draw the skill in using a kitchen knife in cookery and layer stripping, and punch method is another Rapid Rooting method, its effect are better than first two method, while punching is little to bark trunk wound mouth, protection bark is also superior to stripping Pico farad, can more punch and take root, and entirely trunk punching can take root, and the operating efficiency of punch method is also high.
This method is may be also used on the branch that fruit tree bears fruit, when the fruit length that the branch of fruit tree is tied is molded, to bearing-age tree Below branch, one section of branch punching cultivation is taken root, then wraps the round bag cylinder of soil, and before fruit is by maturation, in or so January, cut branch Remove circle bag cylinder to be planted in basin, be exactly a potted landscape with fruit, can see that fruit is slowly ripe at home, people can also have very Positive naturally ripe fruit.
This method can be additionally used in the transplanting of big tree.As the big tree of more than diameter 500mm, transplant and dig the subterraneous root lost during tree Too much, the ratio of the tree root that can be removed and big tree is too little, the rare transplanting survival of conventional method, is cultivated on trunk using this method Transplanted after long root again, can start to cultivate upwards from trunk root and take root, cultivate long root on trunk, bigger tree as much as possible Cultivate long root, replaces the subterraneous roots for losing with the root on trunk, big tree is because of many just energy transplanting survivals of root.Big tree survives Afterwards, when subterraneous root length is many, then progressively the root on trunk is removed from the top down, due to being the root of punching growth, the hole that beats is little, Little to bark wound, bark can be grown quickly, and trunk can the original tree condition of some recoveries fast.
A kind of technique of the method for the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting is as follows:
Root is educated in punching of rainy season after A selects spring;In the rainy weather in 3~May of southern china, the Yangtze river basin Yellow plum day rainy season;The 7 of north of China, August rainy season, that is, select to carry out in local rainy many cloudy one months.
B cleaning is educated root position and is punched again;Need, to selecting, the branch stem sample site for educating root, all fork branch trees are removed in cleaning Leaf, big tree or dead skin for many years are cleaned out around it need to punch, and bore big aperture respectively by the size of branch trunk.
B1. branch trunk of the diameter in below 30mm is selected, with the drill bit of below diameter 5mm, the deep 5~10mm of punching, hole To parallel to the ground, pitch-row makes a call to one~tri- hole the circle of branch stem sample site one taken root is selected, often between circle between 30~50mm Every 40mm, dislocation punching, punching 3~6 are enclosed.
B2. branch trunk of the diameter in 30~60mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 8mm, punching deep 8~16mm, Kong Xiangyu Ground is parallel, select take root branch stem sample site one circle make a call to three~tetra- holes, often circle interval 50mm, dislocation punching, punch 4~ 8 circles.
B3. branch trunk of the diameter in 60~100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 10mm, punching deep 10~20mm, Kong Xiang Parallel to the ground, four~five holes are made a call in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, often circle interval 70mm, dislocation is punched, punching 5 ~10 circles.
B4. branch trunk of the diameter in more than 100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 12mm, punching deep 12~24mm, Kong Xiang Parallel to the ground, select take root branch stem sample site one circle beat N hole, per hole be spaced 70~90mm, often circle be spaced 70~ 100mm, more than 8 circle of drilling.
C sprays water of taking root;Root-inducing powder is watered dilution, is sprayed onto around the 30mm in all in the holes and hole.
D winds mud straw rope for the first time;Straw rope is immersed in the fertile mud of dilution, allows straw rope have thorough grasp water, be stained with fertile soil, 24 Straw rope is pulled out after hour and empty draining is hung to when not dripping, straw rope one is enclosed by a circle, is wrapped on the limb of punching, most going up Enclose around 3-5 above one hole, enclose around 3-5 below most next hole, b1, b2 straw rope diameter within 12mm, b3, straw rope diameter 12~ In more than 20mm, thin straw rope can be superimposed winding two-layer to 20mm, more than b4 straw rope diameter, and three layers, after straw rope winding, that beaten takes root Hole should not all standing, eye can see a spot hole, then be wrapped with opaque plastics.
Manage when E is flat;After straw rope winds, it is the beginning that takes root and educate root, keeps straw rope moistening at ordinary times, can not when watering Water is had to drip, 8:00~18:00 can not allow sunlight directly shine on straw rope, be kept the sun off with object, and big moderate rain will wrap grass Rope, does not allow rainwater wash out mud.
Manage after the long root of F;Take root and educate root 1~4 week in the future, new white root will grow (different tree species and weather, root growth Going out the time has successively) new root is seen again to superposition winding one to two-layer mud straw rope on original straw rope, the circle of straw rope one suffers a circle, Primary hole covers, and is wrapped with opaque plastics, is incubated at ordinary times, sun-proof, prevents drenching with rain greatly.
Root soil educated by G bag;Take root and educate root 3~10 weeks in the future, new root has grown 20~40mm, to straw rope Bao Yugen soil, educate root Soil is the fertile soil for modulating in advance, first does a round bag tube length degree than the long 100mm of straw rope that winds, thin antirust of material selection Metallic plate, plastic plate, bamboo weaving or straw plaited, diameter are 1~4 times of branch trunk, and circle bag cylinder is fixed on or is tied up in winding grass with rope The position of rope, fills fertile soil in circle bag cylinder, circle bag cylinder bottom article is held soil, keeps soil moistening at ordinary times, if circle Bag cylinder is more than more than 2 times of branch trunk, or branch trunk is sagging many because having added round bag cylinder and soil to have, with regard to Jia 2~4 support, Jail circle bag cylinder is supported, will also prevent sunlight directly to shine.
H is transplanted then;Spring starts to educate root to autumn, in October, branch of the November to below diameter 50mm, educates root long Degree has more than 80mm just transplant, appropriate trimming leaf, in the bottom of circle bag cylinder, sawed-off branch, removes circle bag cylinder, branch band It is exactly one tree seedling that soil is planted in underground.
L passes the winter protection;For compared with bough trunk and the long root of annual root very little it is necessary to cultivate long root of taking root for many years, It is antifreeze to spend winter, with straw rope straw or sponge or other articles, circle bag cylinder is wrapped, prevents the cold mud being chilled in round bag cylinder Soil, prevents wet soil from freezing, and keeps soil moistening in circle bag cylinder.
J educates root for many years and transplants plant again;For larger branch trunk and especially famous and precious and rare trees, using 2~6 Year educate the root time, pass the winter and protected using L item, circle bag cylinder overstriking again, diameter are being increased once or by several times, and maximum overstriking is to branch 3~8 times of trunk.
K installs support additional;To the round bag cylinder more than more than 3 times of branch trunk, for circle more than bag cylinder diameter 200mm or highly In more than 2m, support to be installed additional, it is ensured that circle bag cylinder has wind not rock, and high branch trunk will not wave lodging.
N spring transplants;Select to transplant in spring, spring survival rate of planting is high, trimming leaf before plant, in circle bag cylinder bottom Sawed-off branch trunk is exactly a big sapling, removes circle bag cylinder, and soil in circle bag cylinder and branch trunk are planted in plant pit together, The real soil of lid, pours permeable, carries out conventional maintenance later.
On the branch that fruit tree bears fruit, punching cultivation is taken root, when the fruit length that the branch of fruit tree is tied is molded, in the tree of result Take root below by one section of branch punching cultivation for branch, then wraps the round bag cylinder of soil, in or so January before fruit is by maturation, cuts branch and tears open Fall round bag cylinder to be planted in basin, be exactly a potted landscape with fruit.
Using the take root maximum advantage of method of nursery of punching it is:1. Rapid Rooting, takes root many, accelerates the speed of nursery. 2. little to the damage of bark trunk, can drill many births root more, just improve the survival rate of nursery, grow fast after surviving.3. spy is applied to Different branch nursery, is such as used in nursery on the fruit tree branch of result.4. for thicker branch trunk can Rapid Rooting cultivate into One independent big tree.5. this method can be used in the transplanting for setting greatly especially big tree and ancient and famous trees, in the tree for setting greatly especially big tree Quickly long root is cultivated in dry upper punching, how long root, and the root on trunk gone out with quickly breeding replaces the underground that loses during transplant big tree Root, sets greatly the transplanting of especially big tree ahead of time, and improves the survival rate of transplanting.6. high working efficiency, is just beaten with power drill individual for several seconds Hole.
Specific implementation method, makees detailed technique to a kind of method of the long root of branch trunk drilling Rapid Rooting below and says Bright:
Root is educated in punching of rainy season after A selects spring;In the rainy weather in 3~May of southern china, the Yangtze river basin Yellow plum day rainy season;The 7 of north of China, August rainy season, that is, select to carry out in local rainy many cloudy one months, that is, wet Moistened is overcast and rainy, avoids high temperature and heating summer weather, is beneficial to long root of taking root.
B cleaning is educated root position and is punched again;Need, to selecting, the branch stem sample site for educating root, all fork branch trees are removed in cleaning Leaf, big tree or dead skin for many years are cleaned out around it need to punch, and position of taking root is cleaned out, be in order to be easier to length of taking root Root, beats big aperture respectively by the size of branch trunk, and branch is little just to be spiled with little drill bit, the Kong Tai great that branch is beaten, twig Hold and can't stand, the big trunk maximum of bough beats the hole of diameter 12, and the hole of diameter 12 meets the demand of long root of taking root, while to tree Branch trunk injury is minimum, is conducive to bark length from now on tight, if necessary to take root, as long as make a call to a some holes more more.
B1. branch trunk of the diameter in below 30mm is selected, with the drill bit of below diameter 5mm, the deep 5~10mm of punching, hole To parallel to the ground, pitch-row makes a call to one~tri- hole the circle of branch stem sample site one taken root is selected, often between circle between 30~50mm Every 40mm, dislocation punching, punching 3~6 are enclosed.
B2. branch trunk of the diameter in 30~60mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 8mm, punching deep 8~16mm, Kong Xiangyu Ground is parallel, select take root branch stem sample site one circle make a call to three~tetra- holes, often circle interval 50mm, dislocation punching, punch 4~ 8 circles.
B3. branch trunk of the diameter in 60~100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 10mm, punching deep 10~20mm, Kong Xiang Parallel to the ground, four~five holes are made a call in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, often circle interval 70mm, dislocation is punched, punching 5 ~10 circles.
B4. branch trunk of the diameter in more than 100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 12mm, punching deep 12~24mm, Kong Xiang Parallel to the ground, select take root branch stem sample site one circle beat N hole, per hole be spaced 70~90mm, often circle be spaced 70~ 100mm, more than 8 circle of punching.
Aperture, hole depth to different tree species punching, hole count, pitch-row have different optimum values, and branch trunk diameter size is not One, the aperture of punching, hole depth, hole count, pitch-row are also different, and what technique was fixed is a scope, are adjusted during actual enforcement on demand, After being embodied as, it is seen that result can also find optimum value.
C sprays water of taking root;Root-inducing powder is watered dilution, is sprayed onto around the 30mm in all in the holes and hole, using modern first Enter technology, be applied in rooting process.
D winds mud straw rope for the first time;Straw rope is immersed in the fertile mud of dilution, allows straw rope have thorough grasp water, be stained with fertile soil, 24 Straw rope is pulled out after hour and empty draining is hung to when not dripping, straw rope one is enclosed by a circle, is wrapped on the limb of drilling, most going up Around 3~5 circles above one hole, around 3~5 circles below most next hole, b1, b2 straw rope diameter within 12mm, b3, straw rope diameter is 12 In more than 20mm, thin straw rope can be superimposed winding two-layer to~20mm, more than b4 straw rope diameter, three layers, after straw rope winding, the life beaten Root hole should not all standing, eye can see a spot hole, and hole not all standing is that hole can be breathed freely, and is then packaged with opaque plastics Come, it is also possible to wrapped with other opaque articles, do not allow light shine hole, be beneficial to long root.Straw rope can absorb moisture and deposit Water storage divides, and circle can keep moistening on branch trunk, and straw rope is loose to be also beneficial to new root beneficial to ventilative, and straw rope rots later Or the nutrition of tree root.
Manage when E is flat;After straw rope winds, it is that the beginning of nursery is taken root, keeps straw rope moistening at ordinary times, can not when watering Water is had to drip, 7:00~18:00 can not allow sunlight directly shine on straw rope, be kept the sun off with object, it is ensured that soil will not be received Heat, the article insulation for wrapping thickness if necessary are sun-proof, and big, moderate rain will wrap straw rope, not allow rainwater wash out soil.
Manage after the long root of F;Take root for educating and start root day 1~4 week afterwards, new white root will grow (different tree species and weather, root The time of growing has successively) new root is seen again to superposition winding one to two-layer mud straw rope on original straw rope, the circle of straw rope one suffers one Circle, covers primary hole, is wrapped with opaque plastics, be incubated at ordinary times, sun-proof, prevents drenching with rain greatly, using secondary winding grass Rope, is also easy for white tender root growth, and for the strong seeds of power of taking root, this procedure can save, and directly carry out G item.
Root soil educated by G bag;Take root and educate root 3~10 weeks in the future, new root has grown 20~40mm, to straw rope Bao Yugen soil, educate root Soil is the fertile soil for modulating in advance, first makees a round bag cylinder, length 100mm longer than the straw rope for winding, and material selection is thin to be prevented Rust metallic plate, plastic plate, bamboo weaving or straw plaited, material selection be not strict, and diameter is 1~4 times of branch trunk, and circle bag cylinder is fixed on Or tied up in the position of winding straw rope with rope, fertile soil is filled in circle bag cylinder, circle bag cylinder bottom article is held soil, is kept at ordinary times Soil is moistened, and soil is the condition of new tree root growth, and it is big that circle bag cylinder does, and is taken root just many, and the shoot survival percent to bringing out is affirmed, If circle bag cylinder is more than more than 2 times of branch trunk, or branch trunk is sagging many because having added round bag cylinder and soil to have, with regard to Jia 2~4 Support, jail circle bag cylinder is supported, is maintained in strong wind and does not disorderly rock, will also prevent sunlight directly to shine.
H is transplanted then;Spring starts to educate root to autumn, in October, branch of the November to below diameter 50mm, educates root long Degree has more than 80mm just transplant, appropriate trimming leaf, in the bottom of circle bag cylinder, sawed-off branch, removes circle bag cylinder, branch band It is exactly one tree seedling in underground that soil is planted, and pours permeable, carries out conventional maintenance later, for easily surviving, the strong seeds of growing power, Can just transplant then.
L passes the winter protection;For compared with bough trunk and the long root of annual root very little it is necessary to cultivate long root of taking root for many years, It is antifreeze to spend winter, with straw rope straw or sponge or other articles, circle bag cylinder is wrapped, prevents the cold mud being chilled in round bag cylinder Soil, particularly prevents wet soil from freezing, freezes and can injure tender, while whole winter will keep justifying soil moistening in bag cylinder.
J educates root for many years and transplants plant again;For larger branch trunk and especially famous and precious and rare trees, it is to ensure into Living, using 2~6 years educate root time many births root, circle bag cylinder overstriking again, increasing once or by several times, maximum overstriking is to setting for diameter 3~8 times of branch trunk, can so bring out several times of new root.
K installs support additional;To the round bag cylinder more than more than 3 times of branch trunk, to circle more than bag cylinder diameter 200mm or highly exist More than 2m, will fill support, it is ensured that circle bag cylinder has wind not rock, and high branch trunk will not wave lodging, stable round bag cylinder The growth of more conducively tree root, also prevents branch trunk from surprisingly fractureing.
N spring transplants;Spring plants survival rate of planting highest, is grown also most soon after surviving, and selects as far as possible to transplant in spring, Part branches and leaves are pruned before plant, and in circle bag cylinder bottom, sawed-off branch trunk is exactly a big sapling, transports to where will transplanting, tears open Except circle bag cylinder, the plant pit for digging is put into, soil in circle bag cylinder and branch trunk are planted in plant pit together, the real soil of lid, irrigate Water, carries out conventional maintenance later.
Nursery of taking root of punching on special branch is applied, punching cultivation on the branch that fruit tree bears fruit is taken root, when fruit tree When the fruit length of branch knot is molded, one section of branch punching cultivation below the branch of result is taken root, then wraps the round bag cylinder of soil, Or so January before maturation is cut branch round bag cylinder of dismantling and is planted in basin, be exactly potted landscape with fruit by fruit, and only punching is quickly Take root long root, and the injury branch of minimum, the growth of branch and fruit is not also affected, such potted landscape can be just made, potted landscape is put It is in or unit look at that fruit is slowly ripe, people can also has real naturally ripe fruit.
Great Shu is directly proportional to the root which has, and the root that tree has more greatly is more, and this method can also be used in the punching of bough Take root nursery, many as much as possible punchings in the bough for exceeding diameter 200MM are taken root long roots, when root grows to necessarily many, saw Lower bough, it is exactly a big tree to be planted in underground.
This method can be used in and be set in the transplanting of especially big tree greatly, and the subterraneous root lost when the transplanting of especially big tree is set greatly is too Many so that use conventional method at present, transplant more than diameter 500mm set greatly rare move living.One for applying in person《Big tree The method and apparatus that root transplanting and bough educate root nursery educated by bar》Invention patent mandate, the patent No. have been obtained ZL201110100604.X, patented method are that bag earth culture is educated nature and taken root in big tree trunk bough, cultivate and take root in big tree trunk Long root, when tree root reaches certain amount, then transplant big tree, is replaced moving the subterraneous root lost during tree with the root grown in tree trunk, its Effect is feasible, but experiment discovery is taken root relatively slowly, and transplanting survival uses several years, is found that punching Rapid Rooting in experiment Method, adopts this method can be taken root with Rapid Rooting more, can accomplish that whole big trunk all punches and take root, just can move ahead of time more than root Plant and especially big tree is set greatly, improve the survival rate of transplanting.

Claims (2)

1. the mound layering nursery of trees, using the habit for being easy to take root at branch trunk broken skin, a kind of branch trunk punching is fast The technique of the method for the long root of fast-growing root is characterized in that;
Root is educated in punching of rainy season after A selects spring;In the rainy weather in 3~May of southern china, the yellow plum of the Yangtze river basin Its rainy season;The 7 of north of China, August rainy season, that is, select to carry out in local rainy many cloudy one months.
B cleaning is educated root position and is punched again;Need, to selecting, the branch stem sample site for educating root, all fork branch leaves are removed in cleaning, greatly Tree or dead skin for many years are cleaned out around it need to punch, and beat big aperture respectively by the size of branch trunk.
B1. branch trunk of the diameter in below 30mm is selected, with the drill bit of below diameter 5mm, punching deep 5~10mm, Kong Xiangyu Ground is parallel, and pitch-row makes a call to one~tri- hole in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, often circle interval between 30~50mm 40mm, dislocation punching, punching 3~6 are enclosed.
B2. branch trunk of the diameter in 30~60mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 8mm, deep 8~16mm, the Kong Xiangyu ground of punching Parallel, three~tetra- holes are made a call in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, often circle interval 50mm, dislocation is punched, and punching 4~8 is enclosed.
B3. branch trunk of the diameter in 60~100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 10mm, deep 10~20mm, the Kong Xiangyu ground of punching Face is parallel, makes a call to four~five holes in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, often circle interval 70mm, and dislocation is punched, punching 5~10 Circle.
B4. branch trunk of the diameter in more than 100mm is selected, with the drill bit of diameter 12mm, deep 12~24mm, the Kong Xiangyu ground of punching Face is parallel, beats N hole in the selected circle of branch stem sample site one that takes root, is spaced 70~90mm per hole, and often circle is spaced 70~100mm, More than 8 circle of punching.
C sprays water of taking root;Root-inducing powder is watered dilution, is sprayed onto around the 30mm in all in the holes and hole.
D winds mud straw rope for the first time;Straw rope is immersed in the fertile mud of dilution, allows straw rope have thorough grasp water, be stained with fertile soil, 24 hours Afterwards straw rope is pulled out and empty draining is hung to when not dripping, straw rope one is enclosed by a circle, is wrapped on the limb of drilling, most going up a hole Enclose around 3-5 above, enclose around 3-5 below most next hole, b1, b2 straw rope diameter within 12mm, b3, straw rope diameter 12~ In more than 20mm, thin straw rope can be superimposed winding two-layer to 20mm, more than b4 straw rope diameter, and three layers, after straw rope winding, that beaten takes root Hole should not all standing, eye can see a spot hole, then be wrapped with opaque plastics.
Manage when E is flat;After straw rope winds, it is that the beginning of nursery is taken root, keeps straw rope moistening at ordinary times, when watering, can not have water Drip, 8:00~18:00 can not allow sunlight directly shine on straw rope, be kept the sun off with object, and big moderate rain will wrap straw rope, no Rainwater is allowed to wash out mud.
Manage after the long root of F;Take root and educate root 1~4 week in the future, new white root will grow that (different tree species and weather, when root growth goes out Between have successively) see new root again to superposition winding one to two-layer mud straw rope on original straw rope, the circle of straw rope one suffers a circle, primary Root hole covers, and is wrapped with opaque plastics, at ordinary times moisture-heat preservation, sun-proof, prevents drenching with rain greatly.
Root soil educated by G bag;Take root and educate root 3~10 weeks in the future, new root has grown 20~40mm, to straw rope Bao Yugen soil, educating root soil is The fertile soil for modulating in advance, first does round bag tube length degree 100mm longer than the straw rope for winding, the thin anti-rust metal of material selection Plate, plastic plate, bamboo weaving or straw plaited, diameter are 1~4 times of branch trunk, and circle bag cylinder is fixed on or is tied up in winding straw rope with rope Position, fills fertile soil in circle bag cylinder, circle bag cylinder bottom article is held soil, keeps soil moistening at ordinary times, if circle bag cylinder More than more than 2 times of branch trunk, or branch trunk is sagging many because having added round bag cylinder and soil to have, and just Jia 2~4 supports, support Jail circle bag cylinder, will also prevent sunlight directly to shine.
H is transplanted then;Spring starts to educate root to autumn, and in October, branch of the November to below diameter 50mm, educating root length has More than 80mm can just be transplanted, appropriate trimming leaf, in the bottom of circle bag cylinder, sawed-off branch, remove circle bag cylinder, and branch carries soil Plantation is exactly one tree seedling in underground.
L passes the winter protection;For compared with bough trunk and the long root of annual root very little it is necessary to cultivate long root of taking root for many years, pass the winter It is antifreeze, with straw rope straw or sponge or other articles, circle bag cylinder is wrapped, prevents the cold soil being chilled in round bag cylinder, Prevent wet soil from freezing, keep soil moistening in circle bag cylinder.
J educates root for many years and transplants plant again;For larger branch trunk and especially famous and precious and rare trees, using 2~6 years The root time is educated, is passed the winter and is protected using L item, circle bag cylinder overstriking again, diameter are being increased once or by several times, and maximum overstriking is to branch trunk 3~8 times.
K installs support additional;To the round bag cylinder more than more than 3 times of branch trunk, for circle more than bag cylinder diameter 200mm or highly in 2m More than, support to be installed additional, it is ensured that circle bag cylinder has wind not rock, and high branch trunk will not wave lodging.
N spring transplants;Select to transplant in spring, spring survival rate of planting is high, trimming leaf before plant, sawed-off in circle bag cylinder bottom Branch trunk is exactly a big sapling, removes circle bag cylinder, soil in circle bag cylinder and branch trunk is planted in plant pit together, Gai Shi Soil, pours permeable, carries out conventional maintenance later.
2. a kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting according to claim 1 is characterized in that;In fruit tree After the fruit length shaping of branch knot, one section of branch punching cultivation below the branch of result is taken root, then the round bag cylinder of soil is wrapped, Or so January before maturation is cut branch round bag cylinder of dismantling and is planted in basin, be exactly a potted landscape with fruit by fruit.
CN201610894811.XA 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting Active CN106472226B (en)

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CN107041246A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-15 王黔平 It is a kind of to transplant the method that little tree mends big tree defect bark with little tree dry finishing
CN107318550A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-11-07 广西壮族自治区农业科学院园艺研究所 The method for inducing orchard fruit shallow-layer root growth
CN107409920A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-01 郴州市林意园林工程有限公司 A kind of method of arbor unrooted cultivation
CN107494145A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-22 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of drill fills the roadside greening tree planting method of husky truncheon with water
CN107926435A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 New root is cultivated on trunk to substitute old root and cultivate the method that new root repairing trunk lacks skin
CN108093937A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-01 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 Skin living repairs the method that big trunk lacks skin
CN108966887A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 河南省莱恩月季繁育有限公司 A kind of punching engrafting method between Rosa liana and rosaceae fruit tree
CN110366971A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-10-25 乔俊义 A kind of quick integrated approach that grows into forest of desert grafting trees depth plant

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107041246A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-15 王黔平 It is a kind of to transplant the method that little tree mends big tree defect bark with little tree dry finishing
CN107041246B (en) * 2017-05-25 2021-05-11 王黔平 Method for repairing defective bark of big tree by small trunk for transplanting small tree
CN107318550A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-11-07 广西壮族自治区农业科学院园艺研究所 The method for inducing orchard fruit shallow-layer root growth
CN107409920A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-01 郴州市林意园林工程有限公司 A kind of method of arbor unrooted cultivation
CN107494145A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-22 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of drill fills the roadside greening tree planting method of husky truncheon with water
CN107926435A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 New root is cultivated on trunk to substitute old root and cultivate the method that new root repairing trunk lacks skin
CN107926435B (en) * 2017-11-21 2021-02-02 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 Method for replacing old roots with new roots cultured on trunk and repairing trunk lacking bark by culturing new roots
CN108093937A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-01 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 Skin living repairs the method that big trunk lacks skin
CN108966887A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 河南省莱恩月季繁育有限公司 A kind of punching engrafting method between Rosa liana and rosaceae fruit tree
CN110366971A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-10-25 乔俊义 A kind of quick integrated approach that grows into forest of desert grafting trees depth plant

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