CN107041246B - Method for repairing defective bark of big tree by small trunk for transplanting small tree - Google Patents

Method for repairing defective bark of big tree by small trunk for transplanting small tree Download PDF

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CN107041246B
CN107041246B CN201710395870.7A CN201710395870A CN107041246B CN 107041246 B CN107041246 B CN 107041246B CN 201710395870 A CN201710395870 A CN 201710395870A CN 107041246 B CN107041246 B CN 107041246B
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王黔平
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
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Abstract

A method for repairing the damaged bark of big tree by transplanting small tree trunk features that the small tree trunk is leaned against the position where the big tree lacks bark, the big tree trunk and small tree trunk are squeezed together during growing up, and the bark of two trees are grown together. By the method, a plurality of large trees, commemorative large trees and ancient trees with long tree ages can be saved.

Description

Method for repairing defective bark of big tree by small trunk for transplanting small tree
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the fields of maintenance and management of urban forest tree growth and treatment of diseased trees.
Background
Street trees, square trees and courtyard trees become the favorite of pedestrians and leisure people, and particularly, larger trees, trees with more shady shades in summer and ancient trees with commemorative significance are popular with people. The tree life is long, the tree life in the plants for greening in the city is the longest, people particularly like big trees, the bigger trees and the trees with longer tree ages are more popular, the most trees are street trees, streets in the city are conditioned, or street trees are planted on high-grade roads, but the trees in the city are most damaged; firstly, the trunk is artificially injured, the street trees are injured most artificially, the most injured parts are barks of trunks which are quite high as people, the larger the trees are, the more the artificially injured trees are, the vehicle collision and the instrument collision exist, (the trees in other places are injured little, and the forests are almost not) at present, no remedial measure exists, the trees basically grow and repair by themselves, after a plurality of trees are seriously injured, the barks cannot be folded, the wood parts of the trunks losing the bark protection for many years begin to rot, the trunks of some trees are rotten to be hollow, and the serious trees die. Secondly, the tree still receives the harm of insect pest, especially street tree and the square tree that is hot, because people's heat is very loud, almost has not had the natural enemy of insect pest, and urban tree insect pest is managed by afforestation personnel completely, in case the management is interrupted or neglected, serious insect pest also threatens the growth of trees, and often people find that big tree has the insect pest, and the trunk branch has been eaten away by the worm, and more has the strong wind to scrape big tree trunk or big branch and has been cut off, just sees that the rupture department is eaten away by the worm, even people find the insect pest, also sprays the pesticide and kills the pest, also has no way to the trunk that moths is empty. Thirdly, when the big branches are blown off by wind and broken artificially, and dead branches naturally eliminated from the lowest part of the crown of the big tree are not repaired by people in time, the broken branches are cleaned regularly and left for use, so that the bark at the broken branches can not grow tightly, the branch core starts to rot at the broken branches for a long time and is rotten to the center of the trunk, the branches left after the big branches are repaired are too long, the branches die early but do not fall off, and the bark can not grow tightly, so that the dead branches start to rot and are rotten to the center of the big tree all the time, and the three points exist in all cities.
All trees are composed of roots, trunks, barks, branches and leavesThe tree comprises trees, flowers and fruits, leaves, flowers and fruits are arranged on branches, the leaves, flowers and fruits grow each year, wherein the roots, trunks and branches of the trees are all wood with annual rings of one circle, the wood is wrapped with barks, the roots, trunks and branches grow in the same length and do not fall off, the difference is that the roots, trunks and branches have different thicknesses, the roots are in the soil, and the trunks and branches are in the air; the bark is connected with roots, trunks, branches, leaves, flowers and fruits, the bark is the life of the tree and has 4 functions, namely, the bark is used for circularly conveying water and nutrients up and down; secondly, the wood growing into roots, trunks and branches grows big year by year; thirdly, the roots, the trunks and the branches are protected from being damaged by the outside; fourthly, leaves are grown, blossoms and fruits are grown at the branch parts, the trees can grow completely without bark, but the bark is damaged firstly, the damaged bark is small, the bark can restore the tree to be long and tight, (the trees have different capacities of growing and are slow at present), once the trees are damaged greatly, the damage of the bark exceeds the capacity of restoring the tree to be long and tight, the wood part without bark protection can rot for a long time, the serious trunk is rotten and empty, the big trees can fall down, the whole trees can die, the trees can grow well for maintaining the big trees in cities, and the bark is protected firstly to be intact. The sycamore has the function of strong bark self-growing, and the largest diameter of sycamore can be seen in numerous sycamore walk trees and courtyard trees in Nanjing
Figure GSB0000183958380000011
The tree is characterized in that a tree branch with the length of more than one centimeter is sawn off, the bark at the sawn off part is well long, once the bark is well long, the tree is a complete tree, the capacity of the tree is well long, and people rarely create conditions for the well-long bark of the tree.
In Kunming lake of Beijing Yiheyuan, nineteen willows of the dry-long era are protected particularly because of the long age and are trees of royal gardens, wherein a plurality of trunks have fake barks, and yellow foams exist in the fake barks, so that the artificially repaired barks are obviously beautiful and look far like a complete big tree, the repair is only to cover up the wounds of the willows, the wounds of the willows are not repaired actually, and the wounds and the fake barks cannot perform life circulation.
As long as the larger the tree, the older the tree, the more cases of trunk hollowing occur, which is even thought to be normal, although protection may be performed, it may be many cases that the function is not large and the hollowing of the tree is still slow. The first of the injuries is street trees, and the second is park trees, square trees and garden trees, and in any case, people can hurt trees in places where people arrive, the more people the trees are, but people like big trees, even if the big trees are rotten to form big holes, even if some big trees are dead, people can support the trees by the method.
The large-tree-shaped sycamore trees in Nanjing are many, the earliest city planted in large scale in China is also provided, many sycamore trees have the age of nearly 90 years, the bark is damaged, the trunk rotten core trees are many, the old trees have obsolete sycamore trees in recent years including construction reasons, the cement is poured into the cavities of the core of the large-tree-shaped sycamore trees, the tree holes including other tree species rotten cores are also filled with the cement for repairing, the cement is painted in recent years, the method is also used in many cities, the bark cannot be folded, the method only plays the role that the appearance is good, the cement absorbs moisture when raining, evaporates moisture when sunny days, the cement also contains chemical components, the tree sap in the trunk is influenced, gaps exist between the cement and repaired holes, rainwater seeps into the trunks, the trees can continuously rot, and the plastic foam is formed at the damaged bark in the prior art, plastic foam is well sealed, rainwater cannot seep into the tree hole, but the tree hole is empty, the plastic foam is too soft, cannot support the tree bark to grow tightly, cannot bear the weight of the tree trunk and the tree branches, the plastic foam exposed outside is very soft, cannot stand the collision of foreign objects, the tree still grows, and how long the foam can be sealed? The two tree pruning methods in Nanjing do not consider the growth of the bark at all, do not create conditions for the folding of the bark, and only can supplement tree holes. The invention relates to a method for repairing a large tree hole by using plastic barrel cement, which is used for repairing the tree hole and covering a hole opening with wood chips to create conditions for healing the long bark, and the application number (201710309964.8) indicates that the bark of a too large tree hole, particularly the bark of a trunk lacks half side, or the bark defect length reaches more than 1 meter and 2 meters, and the bark of the large tree is difficult to be closed by the self length of the large tree.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a method for repairing the defective bark of a big tree by a small tree trunk for transplanting a small tree; the tree is specially aimed at the tree with longer and larger defective bark, the small tree trunk is leaned against the position where the large tree lacks the bark, the large tree and the small tree are mutually extruded in the growing process by utilizing the function of continuously growing the bark, then the barks of the two trees grow into a whole, the trunk of the small tree repairs the bark which the large tree lacks, and the large tree and the small tree become a complete tree.
The invention adopts the process method;
A. repairing the damaged bark on the upper and lower straight surfaces of the trunk, and measuring the sizes of the damaged bark of the big tree to be repaired;
a1 width of defective bark;
a2 length of defective bark;
a3 height of defective bark from ground;
a4 determining the curvature and inclination of the length of the defective bark;
B. the diameter is selected from 4 conditions of A
Figure GSB0000183958380000021
Centimeter &
Figure GSB0000183958380000022
Selecting 2 and 3 small trees which are arranged in parallel when the diameter of the selected small tree at the position of the repairing height does not reach the width of the defective bark, and a4 can be selected as a sample plate;
b1. selecting from the existing saplings;
b2. directional cultivation is carried out when the saplings are planted, wherein the directional cultivation comprises parallel cultivation of 2 and 3 saplings;
C. selecting roots below barks of a big tree to be repaired in spring, digging a pit, putting the selected small tree into the pit, trimming most branches of the small tree, keeping the branches to ensure that leaves can shine to the sun, extending the branches kept by the small tree to the position where the big tree has no branches and leaves, or keeping a single branch of the small tree, keeping the small tree to be always high and level with the crown of the big tree, and shining the high branches and leaves to the sun;
D. the position of the small trunk is to be placed at the optimal position for repairing the bark; the small tree trunk can be attached to the position of the defective bark, the small tree trunk comprises curvature and inclination, the small tree trunk is round and can be placed into the defective bark, the position is determined accurately, then the tree root is filled with soil, the tree root is cultivated in the first year, or the small tree is determined to be alive after 6 months, and then the next step of work is carried out;
E. performing skin repairing work; cleaning the damaged bark of a big tree, repairing the damaged bark of the big tree in advance when the damaged bark is seriously rotted, attaching a trunk repairing section of a small tree to the damaged section of the big tree to be repaired, repairing two uneven parts which are close to each other, repairing the damaged bark of the small tree in a way that the bark is obstructed, keeping the outer bark intact, cleaning all the dead bark of the joint of the two trees for many years, keeping the live bark of the tree, repairing the damaged bark of the big tree in a small amount for the purpose of flattening the joint, wherein the uppermost surface of the damaged bark of the big tree is a key repairing part and is repaired into the arc shape of the small trunk, and drilling outdoor glass cement on the wood under the bark of the big tree to prevent rainwater from entering the damaged bark of the big tree;
F. fixing the small tree trunk; diameter of
Figure GSB0000183958380000031
The small tree trunk with diameter less than cm is fixed firmly by long nails with interval of 15 cm or by long screw nails
Figure GSB0000183958380000032
Making long screw with diameter greater than that of small tree trunk
Figure GSB0000183958380000033
Before the screw is fixed, the small trunk and the repaired big trunk are pre-punched, one screw is arranged at an interval of 20 cm, two or three trunks are arranged in parallel and are nailed by nails, and then the barks grow to wrap the nails in the trunks, the nails and the big trunk are nailedThe threaded nail is always left in the trunk, and has no influence on the growth of the tree;
G. the big hoop fixes the small trunk; the method is characterized in that the bark of a defective tree is repaired by cement, the defective tree cannot be fixed by nails and threaded nails, a large hoop is adopted to hoop a small tree trunk, namely the large tree trunk and the small tree trunk are wrapped together by the hoop, at least two trees are wrapped by the hoop, a plurality of soft cushions are placed on the large tree trunk and the small tree trunk in the hoop, an iron bar is nailed on the upper part and the lower part of the hoop respectively, holes are formed in the iron bar, the iron bars are wrapped by the bark growing for a long time and grow into the wood of the tree, the iron bars are permanently far away from the tree, the small tree trunk and the large tree are integrated, the two tree barks are grown together, and the hoop can be removed;
H. later maintenance and management; big trees and small trees grow, the big trees and the small trees grow to be thick and deep, the barks of the big trees and the small trees are squeezed with each other and grow together finally, strong wind is blown, the fixation cannot be loosened, otherwise the tight growth of the barks is influenced, the growth of the small trees is maintained, the leaves of the small trees are shone in the sun, branches and leaves of the big trees are pruned when necessary, the roots of the small trees are noticed, and fertilizer application is added when necessary;
I. necessary growth conditions are maintained.
By the arrangement, the small trees are alive, and finally the barks of the large and small trees grow into a whole, so that the damaged barks of the original large trees are repaired, the trunk of the tree can not decay, the large tree is a complete tree, and the method is used for saving the large trees, such as the commemorative large trees and the ancient trees with long tree ages.
Detailed Description
The method is to repair big trees and the rotten trunks, the barks cannot grow well by themselves, the big trees can grow normally after the big trees are repaired by the method, the big trees with memorial significance and the old trees with long ages are the spiritual culture beliefs of people and the enjoyment under the big trees, the worry of people about rotten trunks is avoided, and only one small trunk is arranged beside the big trees after the big trees are repaired.
The detailed process method comprises the following steps of;
repairing the upper and lower straight-face defective bark of the trunk; firstly, measuring the sizes of the damaged bark of the big tree to be repaired, the width of the damaged bark a1, the length of the damaged bark a2, the height of the damaged bark a3 from the ground and the curvature and the inclination of the damaged bark a4, wherein the standards are provided and the selection of the sampling tree is easy;
b selecting the diameter of the steel wire in the four conditions
Figure GSB0000183958380000034
Centimeter &
Figure GSB0000183958380000035
Selecting 2 and 3 small trees which are arranged in parallel when the diameter of the selected small tree at the position of the repairing height does not reach the width of the defective bark, wherein a4 can be selected as a sample plate;
b1. the method is selected from the existing saplings, and can be compared by using a sample plate, so that the actual saplings are many. b2. Directional cultivation is carried out during tree seedling planting, wherein the directional cultivation comprises 2 and 3 parallel cultivation, the shape of the directional cultivation is most suitable, only the time is long, and the shape of the trunk with some defective barks is special and needs to be directionally cultivated;
c, selecting roots below barks of the big trees to be repaired in spring, digging pits to place the selected small trees into the pits, trimming most branches of the small trees, ensuring that leaves of the reserved branches can shine to the sun, extending the branches reserved by the small trees to the positions where the big trees do not have the branches and the leaves, or reserving a single branch of the small trees which is always high and parallel to the crowns of the big trees and can also be higher than the crowns of the big trees, and shining the higher branches and the higher leaves to the sun. The small trees are guaranteed to be alive, the number of leaves can be reduced, the growth is slow, and the big trees are mainly guaranteed to grow well;
d, placing the small trunk at the optimal position for repairing the bark; the small tree trunk can be attached to the position of a defective bark, the small tree trunk comprises curvature and inclination, the small tree trunk is circular and can be placed into the defective bark, the best position is actually selected, future repair is facilitated, the position is determined to be accurate, then soil is filled to bury the tree root, the growth of the small tree after digging a pit is considered, if the large tree root is influenced, part of the root of the large tree can be removed, because the large tree has more roots and is not influenced to a little extent, most of the roots of the small tree are lost after transplanting, the small tree is cultivated and survived in the first year, or the small tree is determined to survive after 6 months, the survival of the small tree is determined to be good, the next step of work is carried out, otherwise, the effect of repair is poor, and the small tree is failed once died, and the small tree is eliminated;
e, performing skin repairing work; the method comprises the steps of cleaning a large tree defective bark place, repairing the large tree defective bark place which is seriously rotted in advance, attaching a trunk repairing section of a small tree to the large tree defective section to be repaired, repairing two uneven places which are close to each other, repairing the damaged bark inside the small tree in a barrier mode, keeping the bark outside intact, cleaning all dead bark at a joint of the two trees for many years, keeping a live bark, repairing a small amount of live bark for the purpose of flattening the joint, wherein the uppermost surface of the large tree defective bark is a key repairing place, repairing the uppermost surface of the small tree defective bark into an arc shape of the small tree trunk, placing the small tree trunk into the arc shape, exposing the smallest gap, enabling the gap to be small and easy to grow tight, and drilling outdoor glass cement below the bark of the large tree, namely drilling the glass cement at a place where the small tree does not grow, and preventing rainwater from entering the large tree defective bark. Preventing rain water is important to prevent the trunk from rotting;
f, fixing the small tree trunk; diameter of
Figure GSB0000183958380000041
The small tree trunk with diameter less than cm is fixed firmly by long nails with interval of 15 cm or by long screw nails
Figure GSB0000183958380000042
Making long screw with diameter of more than centimeter
Figure GSB0000183958380000043
The method is characterized in that holes are pre-punched before the screw nails are fixed, the small trunk and the repaired big trunk are separated by 20 cm, two or three trunks are arranged in parallel and are nailed together by nails, the nails are wrapped in the trunks when the barks grow, and the nails and the screw nails are left in the trunks foreverThe tree has no influence on the growth of the tree, the wood part of the tree can not grow again, the wood part of the large tree and the small tree during repair is always two, only the nails are used for fixing the large tree and the small tree together, and the nails are wrapped in the tree after the bark grows strong, so that the nails for mutually fixing the small tree and the small tree are firmer;
g, fixing the small trunk by using a large hoop; for the damaged bark which is cement repaired, and can not be fixed by nails and screw nails, the big hoop is adopted to tightly hoop the small trunk, at least two trees are arranged in the hoop, a plurality of soft cushions are arranged on the big trunk and the small trunk in the hoop, an iron bar is nailed on the upper part and the lower part of the hoop respectively, holes are arranged on the iron bar, nails or wood screws are used for nailing the iron bar on the big trunk and the small trunk, the iron bar can be wrapped by the bark which grows for a long time and grows into the wood of the trees, the iron bar is permanently far inside the trees, the existing wood of the two trees can not grow again and is only adhered together, the nails nailed on the iron bar and the iron bar are very important, the wood parts of the big tree and the small tree are fixed together, the big tree and the small tree are integrated, even if the big wind and the two trees are swayed, the two trees are beneficial to be beneficial to being combined together, the long bark of the long tree is integrated wood in future, the big tree is a repaired complete big tree, the tree bark grows together for more than three years, and the hoop can be detached after the tree bark grows together;
h, later maintenance and management; big trees and small trees grow, the big trees and the small trees grow to be thick and deep, the barks of the big trees and the small trees are squeezed with each other and finally grow together, strong wind is blown to pay attention to fixation and the barks cannot loosen, otherwise the bark growth is influenced.
By the repairing method, the small trees are alive, the bark of the large tree and the small tree finally grows into a whole, the damaged bark of the original large tree is repaired, the trunk does not rot any more, the large tree is a complete tree, all the large trees, namely the commemorative large tree and the ancient trees with long ages, are saved, after the tree is repaired, one trunk is arranged beside the large tree, which is not the case, two trees grow into a whole more and more along with the long time, and the habits of people are the same, and the trees are the same. Along with the increase of population and the expansion of cities, the damage to big trees is more and more, people also realize that green plants are important to human beings at present, people pursue urban greening and forest cities, the big trees are the first absolute greening, and the method ensures that the complete big trees and the valuable big trees play a great role.

Claims (1)

1. A method for repairing the defective bark of a big tree by a small trunk for transplanting the small tree is characterized in that the process method is as follows;
A. repairing the damaged bark on the upper and lower straight surfaces of the trunk, and measuring the sizes of the damaged bark of the big tree to be repaired;
a1 width of defective bark;
a2 length of defective bark;
a3 height of defective bark from ground;
a4 determining the curvature and inclination of the defective bark;
B. the diameter is selected from 4 conditions of A
Figure FSB0000190534840000011
2 and 3 small trees are selected to be in parallel when the diameter of the selected small tree at the position of the repairing height does not reach the width of the defective bark, and a4 is selected as a sample plate;
b1. selecting from the existing saplings;
b2. directional cultivation is carried out when the saplings are planted, wherein the directional cultivation comprises parallel cultivation of 2 and 3 saplings;
C. selecting roots below barks of a big tree to be repaired in spring, digging a pit, putting the selected small tree into the pit, trimming most branches of the small tree, keeping the branches to ensure that leaves can shine to the sun, extending the branches kept by the small tree to the position where the big tree has no branches and leaves, or keeping a single branch of the small tree, keeping the small tree to be always high and level with the crown of the big tree, and shining the high branches and leaves to the sun;
D. the position of the small trunk is to be placed at the optimal position for repairing the bark; the small trunk can be attached to the position of the defective bark, the position of the small trunk comprises the curvature and the inclination, the small trunk is placed into the defective bark in a circular mode, the determined position is accurate, then the tree root is filled with soil, the tree root is cultivated and survived in the first year, or the small tree is determined to survive after 6 months, and then the next step of work is carried out; E. performing skin repairing work; cleaning the damaged bark of a big tree, repairing the damaged bark of the big tree in advance when the damaged bark is seriously rotted, attaching a trunk repairing section of a small tree to the damaged section of the big tree to be repaired, repairing two uneven parts close to each other, repairing the damaged bark of the small tree in an obstacle way, keeping the outer bark intact, cleaning all the dead bark of the joint of the two trees for many years, keeping the live bark, repairing a small amount of damaged bark of the big tree for the purpose of flattening the joint, wherein the uppermost surface of the damaged bark of the big tree is a key repairing part, repairing the damaged bark of the small tree into a circular arc shape of the small trunk, and drilling outdoor glass cement on the wood below the bark of the big tree to prevent rainwater from entering the damaged bark of the big tree;
F. fixing the small tree trunk; diameter of
Figure FSB0000190534840000012
The small tree trunk with diameter less than cm is fixed firmly by long nails with interval of 15 cm or by long screw nails
Figure FSB0000190534840000013
Making long screw with diameter of more than centimeter
Figure FSB0000190534840000014
Before the screw is fixed, the small trunk and the repaired big trunk are pre-punched, one screw is arranged at an interval of 20 cm, two or three trunks are arranged in parallel and are nailed together by nails, the nails can be wrapped in the trunks when the bark grows later, the nails and the screws are left in the trunks forever, and the growth of the trees is not influenced;
G. the big hoop fixes the small trunk; the method is characterized in that the bark of a defective tree is repaired by cement, the defective tree cannot be fixed by nails and threaded nails, a large hoop is adopted to hoop a small tree trunk, namely the large tree trunk and the small tree trunk are wrapped together by the hoop, at least two trees are wrapped by the hoop, a plurality of soft cushions are placed on the large tree trunk and the small tree trunk in the hoop, an iron bar is nailed on the upper part and the lower part of the hoop respectively, holes are formed in the iron bar, the iron bars are wrapped by the bark growing for a long time and grow into the wood of the tree, the iron bars are permanently far away from the tree, the small tree trunk and the large tree are integrated, the two tree barks are grown together, and the hoop can be removed;
H. later maintenance and management; big trees and small trees grow, the big trees and the small trees grow in a thick and inner mode, the barks of the big trees and the small trees are squeezed with each other and grow together finally, strong wind is blown, the fixing is noticed that the barks cannot loosen, otherwise the growth tightness of the barks is influenced, the growth of the small trees is also maintained, the leaves of the small trees are noticed that the sun can be shined by the leaves, branches and leaves of the big trees are pruned, the roots of the small trees are noticed, fertilizer is added, and necessary growth conditions are maintained.
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CN107926435B (en) * 2017-11-21 2021-02-02 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 Method for replacing old roots with new roots cultured on trunk and repairing trunk lacking bark by culturing new roots
CN108093937B (en) * 2018-01-05 2020-12-18 南京科森挤出装备有限公司 Method for repairing big trunk with loose bark

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CN106472226A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-08 王黔平 A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting

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