CN109105128A - A kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock - Google Patents

A kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109105128A
CN109105128A CN201810989713.3A CN201810989713A CN109105128A CN 109105128 A CN109105128 A CN 109105128A CN 201810989713 A CN201810989713 A CN 201810989713A CN 109105128 A CN109105128 A CN 109105128A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nursery stock
root
soil
soil ball
tree
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810989713.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王斌
任明志
高玉磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI JINMAILE FLOUR INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI JINMAILE FLOUR INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI JINMAILE FLOUR INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI JINMAILE FLOUR INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810989713.3A priority Critical patent/CN109105128A/en
Publication of CN109105128A publication Critical patent/CN109105128A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention proposes a kind of plantation breeding methods of nursery stock, it plucks preferably the following steps are included: nursery stock moves in spring and autumn, in the early spring or autumn, it selects without wind and rain and illumination carries out on not strong daytime, nursery stock moves to pluck takes nursery stock root soil block together with nursery stock when taking together, when arriving certain depth, to determine soil ball diameter, to be excavated by seven times of the transplanting tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, Stepwize Shrink keeps soil ball spherical in semicircle.It is answered in mining process careful, soil ball is avoided to rupture.To all thickness tree roots, it is truncated with sharp weapon, institute is wound to be intended to smear " callus plastics ", the plantation breeding method of this nursery stock, easy to operate, rear high survival rate is plucked in shifting, the setting of the string bag it is possible to prevente effectively from nursery stock its root soil ball ruptures during transportation, the root of nursery stock, which passes through, smears " callus plastics ", and to prevent water from shunting germ infection of becoming estranged, the setting of puggaree is it is possible to prevente effectively from dehydration death occurs during transportation for nursery stock.

Description

A kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock
Technical field
The present invention relates to Nursery stock transplanting technical field, the plantation breeding method of specially a kind of nursery stock.
Background technique
The growing and cultivation of nursery stock is any trees, and the necessary process including landscape trees, fruit tree, survival rate and sprouting are long The problem of gesture is also people's overriding concern, but existing nursery stock is mostly operated by worker by rule of thumb during transplanting, It is lower that rear survival rate is plucked in shifting, and moves and pluck the long potential difference of rear cultivating seedlings production.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the existing defects, provides a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock, seedling Wood survival rate after shifting is plucked is higher, improves the efficiency of afforestation;Shifting carries out periodically spray fertilising to nursery stock after plucking, and improves seedling The speed of growth of wood;The problems in background technique can effectively be solved.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of plantation breeding methods of nursery stock, comprising the following steps:
S1) move and pluck: nursery stock, which moves, plucks preferably in spring and autumn, in the early spring or autumn, selects without wind and rain and not strong white of illumination It is carried out, and nursery stock takes heatable adobe sleeping platform bigger than nursery stock soil ball and deep during plantation, nursery stock root is placed in heatable adobe sleeping platform, then The matrix of some suitable seedling growths is added in nursery stock root, gradually bankets and tamps into heatable adobe sleeping platform, eventually form one and be higher than The rotary table of nursery stock root soil ball;
S2) righting: if nursery stock just planted it is crooked soon, should righting immediately, should check the depth that rootstock is buried first, if Plant is deeper, it is upward should to reach root ball or less with spade or plank other than the side that flowers and trees are swung to, root disk below ditching to rootstock It levers up, righting real to foundation plug soil pressure sets up righting branch in the trunk central location of nursery stock after nursery stock righting ridging Frame;
S3 it) waters: after the completion of plant, needing periodically to irrigate nursery stock, in arid season, should be carried out every a week Primary to irrigate, pouring water should carry out immediately for the first time after plant, and arid season is periodically spraying to nursery stock branches and leaves, when discovery leaf has When slight wilting symptom, sprayer and spray gun can be used, directly to spraying above tree crown, water droplet is allowed to fall on branches and leaves, when water spray Between avoid the daily temperature relatively high period, daily spray 2~3 times;
S4 it) trims: after nursery stock sprouting grows, being trimmed the sprouting of nursery stock trunk bottom with scissors, while guaranteeing to repair It is smooth, clean to cut wound, is then carried out disinfection preservative treatment with medical fluid to trimming wound, for the nursery stock that those are wilted, If with watering, spraying method cannot still restore normally, Mowing frequency should be increased again, or even go push up or cutting strunk, with promote its at It is living;
S5) pour auxin: after nursery stock has been planted, discovery underground root system restores very slow, cannot absorb enough moisture in time The needs of seedling growth are supplied with nutrient, can suitably pour auxin solution, using the medicine for containing happy woods transplantation rooting powder Liquid irrigates nursery stock root;
S6 it) applies fertilizer: staying in after the new root formation of transplanted plantlet, should apply fertilizer to nursery stock, preferably wait until nursery stock first A Growing season carries out after terminating, and according to foliage dressing, starts by spraying, often in the half of blade length to normal leaf blade size It is primary every spray in 10 days, it repeats 4~5 times.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: nursery stock, which moves, plucks nursery stock root soil block when taking together with nursery stock together Take, when arriving certain depth, to determine soil ball diameter, to be excavated by seven times of the transplanting tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, Stepwize Shrink makes soil ball in semicircle Spherical shape, answers careful in mining process, avoids soil ball from rupturing, to all thickness tree roots, is truncated with sharp weapon, and institute is invasive Mouth is intended to smear " callus plastics ", to prevent water from shunting germ infection of becoming estranged, then uses the establishment string bag by nursery stock root soil It is fixed on the root of nursery stock.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: nursery stock is set primary " the inhibition transpiration of spray by nursery stock entirely before shipping Agent " covers nursery stock with puggaree in transportational process.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: straightening support is made of three and the above steel pipe, by the top of steel pipe Portion is fixed on surrounding in the middle part of the lateral surface of nursery stock trunk, and the bottom of steel pipe is fixed in surrounding soil.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the plantation breeding method of this nursery stock, easy to operate, shifting is plucked High survival rate afterwards, the setting of the string bag it is possible to prevente effectively from nursery stock its root soil ball ruptures during transportation, nursery stock Root is by smearing " callus plastics ", and to prevent water from shunting germ infection of becoming estranged, the setting of puggaree is it is possible to prevente effectively from seedling It is dead that dehydration occurs during transportation for wood.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention the following technical schemes are provided:
A kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock, comprising the following steps:
S1) move and pluck: nursery stock, which moves, plucks preferably in spring and autumn, in the early spring or autumn, selects without wind and rain and not strong white of illumination It is carried out, and nursery stock moves to pluck takes nursery stock root soil block together with nursery stock when taking together, to be determined by seven times of the transplanting tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground Soil ball diameter, when certain depth is arrived in excavation, Stepwize Shrink keeps soil ball spherical in semicircle.It answers careful, keeps away in mining process Exempt from soil ball rupture.It to all thickness tree roots, is truncated with sharp weapon, institute is wound to be intended to smear " callus plastics ", to prevent Nursery stock root soil, is then fixed on the root of nursery stock, the setting of the string bag can by water loss and germ infection with the establishment string bag Effectively to avoid nursery stock, its root soil ball ruptures during transportation, and nursery stock takes during plantation than nursery stock soil The big and deep heatable adobe sleeping platform of ball, nursery stock root is placed in heatable adobe sleeping platform, and the matrix of some suitable seedling growths is then added in nursery stock root, It gradually bankets and tamps into heatable adobe sleeping platform, eventually form the rotary table for being higher than nursery stock root soil ball, nursery stock is before shipping by nursery stock Full tree spray is primary " inhibiting rising agent ", is covered with puggaree to nursery stock in transportational process, the setting of puggaree can be effective Avoid nursery stock that dehydration occurs during transportation dead;
S2) righting: if nursery stock just planted it is crooked soon, should righting immediately, should check the depth that rootstock is buried first, if Plant is deeper, it is upward should to reach root ball or less with spade or plank other than the side that flowers and trees are swung to, root disk below ditching to rootstock It levers up, righting real to foundation plug soil pressure sets up righting branch in the trunk central location of nursery stock after nursery stock righting ridging Frame, straightening support are made of three and the above steel pipe, surrounding in the middle part of the lateral surface of nursery stock trunk will be fixed at the top of steel pipe, will The bottom of steel pipe is fixed in surrounding soil;
S3 it) waters: after the completion of plant, needing periodically to irrigate nursery stock, in arid season, should be carried out every a week Primary to irrigate, pouring water should carry out immediately for the first time after plant, and arid season is periodically spraying to nursery stock branches and leaves, when discovery leaf has When slight wilting symptom, sprayer and spray gun can be used, directly to spraying above tree crown, water droplet is allowed to fall on branches and leaves, when water spray Between avoid the daily temperature relatively high period, daily spray 2~3 times;
S4 it) trims: after nursery stock sprouting grows, being trimmed the sprouting of nursery stock trunk bottom with scissors, while guaranteeing to repair It is smooth, clean to cut wound, is then carried out disinfection preservative treatment with medical fluid to trimming wound, for the nursery stock that those are wilted, If with watering, spraying method cannot still restore normally, Mowing frequency should be increased again, or even go push up or cutting strunk, with promote its at It is living;
S5) pour auxin: after nursery stock has been planted, discovery underground root system restores very slow, cannot absorb enough moisture in time The needs of seedling growth are supplied with nutrient, can suitably pour auxin solution, using the medicine for containing happy woods transplantation rooting powder Liquid irrigates nursery stock root;
S6 it) applies fertilizer: staying in after the new root formation of transplanted plantlet, should apply fertilizer to nursery stock, preferably wait until nursery stock first A Growing season carries out after terminating, and according to foliage dressing, starts by spraying, often in the half of blade length to normal leaf blade size It is primary every spray in 10 days, it repeats 4~5 times.
Benefit of the present invention: the setting of the string bag it is possible to prevente effectively from nursery stock during transportation its root soil ball occur it is broken It splits, the root of nursery stock is by smearing " callus plastics ", and to prevent water from shunting germ infection of becoming estranged, the setting of puggaree can have Effect avoids nursery stock that dehydration death occurs during transportation, and foliage dressing can effectively increase the water suction utilization rate of fertilizer, does Dry season is spraying to nursery stock, can be effectively reduced temperature, increases air humidity in tree crown.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
S1) move and pluck: nursery stock, which moves, plucks preferably in spring and autumn, in the early spring or autumn, select without wind and rain and illumination not strong daytime into Row, nursery stock take heatable adobe sleeping platform bigger than nursery stock soil ball and deep during plantation, nursery stock root are placed in heatable adobe sleeping platform, then in seedling The wooden root adds the matrix of some suitable seedling growths, gradually bankets and tamps into heatable adobe sleeping platform, eventually forms one and is higher than nursery stock The rotary table of root soil ball;
S2) righting: if nursery stock just planted it is crooked soon, should righting immediately, the depth that rootstock is buried should be checked first, if plant It is relatively deep, root ball or less should be reached with spade or plank and is prized upwards other than the side that flowers and trees are swung to, root disk below ditching to rootstock It rises, righting real to foundation plug soil pressure sets up straightening support in the trunk central location of nursery stock after nursery stock righting ridging;
S3 it) waters: after the completion of plant, needing periodically to irrigate nursery stock, in arid season, every should carry out in a week once It irrigates, pouring water should carry out immediately for the first time after plant, and arid season is periodically spraying to nursery stock branches and leaves, when discovery leaf has slightly When wilting symptom, sprayer and spray gun can be used, directly to injection above tree crown, allow water droplet to fall on branches and leaves, water spraying time is kept away The daily temperature relatively high period is opened, is sprayed 2~3 times daily;
S4 it) trims: after nursery stock sprouting grows, being trimmed the sprouting of nursery stock trunk bottom with scissors, while guaranteeing trimming wound It is mouthful smooth, clean, then carried out disinfection preservative treatment with medical fluid to trimming wound, for the nursery stock that those are wilted, if with Watering, spraying method cannot still restore that normally, Mowing frequency should be increased again, or even go top or cutting strunk, to promote it to survive;
S5) pour auxin: after nursery stock has been planted, discovery underground root system restores very slow, cannot absorb enough moisture in time and support Divide to supply the needs of seedling growth, can suitably pour auxin solution, using the medical fluid pair for containing happy woods transplantation rooting powder Nursery stock root is irrigated;
S6 it) applies fertilizer: staying in after the new root formation of transplanted plantlet, should apply fertilizer to nursery stock, preferably wait until first life of nursery stock Long season carries out after terminating, and according to foliage dressing, starts in the half of blade length to normal leaf blade size by spraying, every 10 Its spray is primary, repeats 4~5 times.
2. a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: nursery stock moves and plucks seedling when taking The wooden root soil block takes together together with nursery stock, when arriving certain depth, to determine soil ball diameter, to be excavated by seven times of the transplanting tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, Stepwize Shrink keeps soil ball spherical in semicircle, answers in mining process careful, avoids soil ball from rupturing, to all thickness trees Root is truncated with sharp weapon, and institute is wound to be intended to smear " callus plastics ", to prevent water from shunting germ infection of becoming estranged, is then used Nursery stock root soil is fixed on the root of nursery stock by the establishment string bag.
3. a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: nursery stock is before shipping by nursery stock Full tree spray is primary " inhibiting rising agent ", is covered with puggaree to nursery stock in transportational process.
4. a kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: straightening support by three and with Upper steel pipe composition, will be fixed on surrounding in the middle part of the lateral surface of nursery stock trunk at the top of steel pipe, the bottom of steel pipe is fixed on surrounding In soil.
CN201810989713.3A 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 A kind of plantation breeding method of nursery stock Pending CN109105128A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301277A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-10-08 广东景园设计工程有限公司 A kind of afforestation project construction technology
CN110583339A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Environment-friendly and harmless cultivation method of pear trees and pear tree pruning equipment
CN110583354A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Grape vine planting method and step type grape planting frame
CN110720341A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-24 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Planting method of cherry trees and planting equipment of cherry trees

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487780A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 宋慎汉 Transplanting method of big camphor trees
CN105028121A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-11 益阳市银丰园林景观有限公司 Large sweet osmanthus high survival rate transplanting technology
CN107484612A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-19 昆明臻榕园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving plant percent

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487780A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 宋慎汉 Transplanting method of big camphor trees
CN105028121A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-11 益阳市银丰园林景观有限公司 Large sweet osmanthus high survival rate transplanting technology
CN107484612A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-19 昆明臻榕园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving plant percent

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
易威忻: "新栽树木的养护", 《林业与生态》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301277A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-10-08 广东景园设计工程有限公司 A kind of afforestation project construction technology
CN110583339A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Environment-friendly and harmless cultivation method of pear trees and pear tree pruning equipment
CN110583354A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Grape vine planting method and step type grape planting frame
CN110720341A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-24 孝义市宏源种植农民专业合作社 Planting method of cherry trees and planting equipment of cherry trees

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