CN103609323A - Air layering seedling culture method of red maple - Google Patents

Air layering seedling culture method of red maple Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103609323A
CN103609323A CN201310685191.5A CN201310685191A CN103609323A CN 103609323 A CN103609323 A CN 103609323A CN 201310685191 A CN201310685191 A CN 201310685191A CN 103609323 A CN103609323 A CN 103609323A
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branch
seedling
red maple
cultivating
plant
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CN201310685191.5A
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CN103609323B (en
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杨自良
但晓灵
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Chengdu Miaofu Modern Nursery Stock Science & Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Miaofu Modern Nursery Stock Science & Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an air layering seedling culture method of a red maple, and belongs to a seedling culture method of the ornamental red maple. The seedling culture method includes the following steps of peeling, mud ball packing, red maple plant nutrient and water management enhancing and field planting. A rooted branch which is directly separated from a red maple plant in an air layering mode is used as a seedling for planting, it is avoided that the seedling does not easily survive due to the fact the diameter of the seedling is too small, the large self-rooting seedling with the diameter being about 4.5 centimeters and the height being about 2 meters can be cultured within a short time, and the growth rate of the seedling and trunk forms are increased by effectively managing the seedling field planting process. The seedling can be rooted and bred on the branch to be clipped from the red maple plant, and therefore waste is utilized to culture the seedling, and seedling culture cost of the red maple is lowered. The steps of the air layering seedling culture method of the red maple are simple, the seedling of the red maple can be cultured on various occasions, and the application range is wide.

Description

The air layering seedling-cultivating method of red maple
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of seedling-cultivating method of viewing and admiring red maple, in particular, the present invention relates generally to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of a kind of red maple.
Background technology
Red maple has another name called red autumnal leaves feather maple, and Latin formal name used at school is: Acer palmatum Thunb f. is the modification of Aceraceae Acer palmatum, is defoliation small arbor, and branch is how elongated smooth, partially aubergine.Leaf palmate, tip shape of tail point, edge has heavy sawtooth.Red maple property happiness sunlight, is applicable to warm and moist weather, is afraid of that burning sun tans by the sun, more cold-resistant, slightly drought-enduring, and intolerant to waterlogging is fitted and is born in fertile loose well-drained soil.Early spring is when germinate, tender leaf bright red, and the white fur of close life, blade gradually comes off after unfolding, and leaf look is also by the gorgeous even general dirty-green of lavender that turns.Red maple is famous and precious foliage tree wood; there is higher ornamental value; at present generally for sight sculpt, still, because the growth cycle of red maple is slower; and to having relatively high expectations of growing environment; especially in seedling raising process, seedling is difficult for survival because of plantation problem, thereby in traditional red maple seedling raising process, needs to drop into higher cost; the scale plantation of ratio and red maple, need to do further improvement on this basis.
Summary of the invention
One of object of the present invention is for above-mentioned deficiency, and the air layering seedling-cultivating method of a kind of red maple is provided, and low to expect to solve in prior art in red maple seedling raising process survival rate of seedling, growth cycle is long, and seedling cost high-technology problem.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
The air layering seedling-cultivating method of a kind of red maple provided by the present invention, described seedling-cultivating method comprises the steps:
Steps A, peeling; Select the red maple plant of Zhan Yehou, and carry out ringing more than selected branch base portion, make to organize outside exposedly below branch bark, and at branch exposed section spraying fungicide and short root-growing agent, and kept for the first unit interval;
Step B, bag mud ball; In branch exposed section, adopt plastic film wrapped mud ball, and the mud ball of plastic film wrapped is fixed on branch;
Step C, strengthen red maple plant rich water quality management; To plant, spray nutrient solution, systemic fungicide and insecticide, waited for for the second unit interval, taken root in branch exposed section;
Step D, lower plantation; After taking root in branch exposed section, together with the mud ball that plastic foil is coated, branch is separated from plant, after removing plastic foil, branch to be taken root and partly together with mud ball, put into default shallow cave, plantation ground, ridging compacting, is fixed as sapling by branch.
As preferably, further technical scheme is: step e, normal root; To fixing sapling, water normal root water, until water ooze and receive dry after, then from sapling, plant the edge excavation shallow ridges in shallow cave, the soil of excavation directly overlays on the base portion of sapling; Fixed support bar on described shallow ridges, and by the perpendicular colligation of sapling and ground on support bar.
Further technical scheme is: step F, to the sapling being fixed on support bar, spray medicine fertilizer, and carry out branch pruning according to the real-time condition of sapling.
Further technical scheme is: the ringing in described steps A is that elder generation's ring cutting on branch reaches after the opening of xylem for one week deeply, the opening of the same degree of depth of position ring cutting beyond three centimetres of the described openings of meeting again, then peel two barks between annular opening.
Further technical scheme is: the first unit interval in described steps A is 36 to 84 hours.
Further technical scheme is: in described step B, adopt plastics tear-strap that the plastic foil two ends of coated mud ball are tightened and fastened, and make described mud ball and branch exposed section close contact.
Further technical scheme is: the second unit interval in described step C is 45 to 115 days.
Further technical scheme is: the shallow cave in described step D is the plantation ground putting in order, and that according to the seeding row spacing of planning, excavates is a plurality of, and the soil in the shallow cave after excavation need to carry out disinfection; In described step D, adopt the mode of the high ridging plantation of the high ridge surface planting of single file to plant the branch after taking root.
Further technical scheme is: described support bar is diameter of section at the bamboo pole of 1 to 2.5 centimetre.
Further technical scheme is: in described step D, need to take root and reach after the root amount that is covered with mud ball until branch exposed section, then plant down; Described is shearing or sawing by the mode of described branch separation from plant, and after branch shearing or sawing, to the comprehensive spray disinfectant agent of the wound on plant.
Compared with prior art, one of beneficial effect of the present invention is: the mode by air layering directly from red maple plant the branch after separated taking root as sapling, plant, prevent because of the too small and difficult survival of seedling diameter, can cultivate at short notice diameter 4.5 centimeters (centimetre), high 2 meters of left and right from root seedlings, and by effectively managing in plantation process under sapling, also promoted growth rate and the trunk form of sapling; And carry out rooting on the branch that can prepare to prune red maple plant, realizing twice laid grows seedlings, reduced the seedling cost of red maple, the step of the air layering seedling-cultivating method of a kind of red maple provided by the present invention is simple simultaneously, can in all kinds of places, cultivate red maple seedling, range of application is wide.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.
One embodiment of the present of invention are air layering seedling-cultivating method of a kind of red maple, and described seedling-cultivating method is preferably according to following step operation:
1) select the red maple plant of Zhan Yehou, and carry out ringing more than selected branch base portion, make below branch bark organize outside exposed, and at branch exposed section spraying fungicide and short root-growing agent, then dry in the air a period of time, for example 36 to 84 hours, until bag mud ball is prepared after forming diaphragm in the aforementioned branch exposed section on plant; The diameter of section of aforementioned selected branch is preferably 0.5 to 4.5 centimeter;
2) in branch exposed section, adopt plastic film wrapped mud ball, and the mud ball of plastic film wrapped is fixed on branch; Preferably, with general plow layer soil, add appropriate leaf mould and water stirs into neither too hard, nor too soft nutritive mud, with the hands the ellipse mud ball of seven to eight centimeters of diameters is pinched into by group, 50 centimeters long 35 centimeters wide rectangle agripast films parcels of external application 0.0014 specification;
In the process of mud ball wrapping, one group of co-operating of best two people, first mud ball is broken into two with one's hands from centre, in the middle of two halves center aligned branch band girdle wound, involutory pinching in fact clutched earth stickup bag is tightly attached on the wound of branch, then by plastic film wrapped, tightly wrap, upper and lower two is tightened and is fastened with plastic wire row band.
3) strengthen red maple plant rich water quality management; To plant, spray nutrient solution, systemic fungicide and insecticide, wait for about three months, taken root in branch exposed section; Aforesaid nutrient solution, systemic fungicide and insecticide spraying are preferably in full tree to carry out, and control high pressure branch is caught an illness and ant etc., and it is taken root as early as possible;
4) plant down; After taking root in branch exposed section, together with the coated mud ball of plastic foil, branch is separated from plant, separated mode can adopt and shear or sawing according to the size of branch, it should be noted that to shear or scissors and the handsaw of sawing all need to carry out disinfection; After branch is separated, first cut side shoot unnecessary on branch, prepare to plant as sapling;
In this simultaneously, preferably again to the comprehensive spray disinfectant agent of the wound of separated branch on plant, because avoiding red maple plant to be infected because of air layering;
In sapling handling process to be planted, to handle with care, deliver to off-the-shelf plantation ground; First remove the plastic foil on mud ball, branch is taken root and partly together with mud ball, put into the shallow cave that plantation is preset on the ground, ridging compacting, is fixed as sapling by branch.At mud ball, put into the process in shallow cave, make the earth on mud ball not be scattered as far as possible, and preferably, aforesaid shallow cave is the plantation ground putting in order, that according to the seeding row spacing of planning, excavates is a plurality of, and after excavation, the soil in shallow cave need to carry out disinfection; And adopt the mode of the high ridging plantation of the high ridge surface planting of single file to plant the branch after taking root.
5) to fixing sapling, water normal root water, until water ooze and receive dry after, then from sapling, plant the edge excavation shallow ridges in shallow cave, the soil of excavation directly overlays on the base portion of sapling; Fixed support bar on described shallow ridges, and by the perpendicular colligation of sapling and ground on support bar.The mode of colligation at one meter of of height of seedling (as for seedling suitably on the lower) carry out, the red maple seedling a line after colligation is good is connected resistant to lodging.Aforementioned adopted support bar preferably adopts diameter of section at the bamboo pole of 1 to 2.5 centimetre;
6) to the sapling being fixed on support bar, spray medicine fertilizer, and carry out branch pruning according to the real-time condition of red maple seedling.
For guaranteeing that branch exposed section more easily absorbs the composition of root-growing agent, above-mentioned steps 1) in, the preferred mode of operation of ringing is that elder generation's ring cutting on branch reaches after the opening of xylem for one week deeply, the opening of the same degree of depth of position ring cutting beyond three centimetres of the described openings of meeting, then peels two barks between annular opening again.
Further, survival rate for guaranteeing to plant as sapling under red maple branch need guarantee the amount of taking root of branch exposed section before plantation, is specially and can in step 3), to the amount of taking root in mud ball, estimates, until take root in branch exposed section, reach after the root amount that is covered with mud ball, then plant down.
In the process of red maple training moulding, preparing to wipe out the branch abandoning, by air layering, make its seedling of taking root in the tree, cut plantation, be bred as seedlings, real is twice laid.Can utilize 0.5 to 4.5 centimeter of branch, the seedling of taking root in the tree about 3 months by air layering, in the situation that not affecting the external sight of tree, utilizes existing red maple seedlings to grow seedlings in the tree in a large number, can carry out continuously, and risk is little.Once can high pressure more than ten as 8 centimeters of red maples of a trunk diameter, many reaches 20, enriches that rich water trees are vigorous can be operated year after year.
The present invention also has following features:
1, can bring out at short notice leading thread reach 4.5 centimeters/high 2 meters from root seedlings;
2, can breed in a large number in field;
3, risk is little, only has a small amount of windbreak and sick branch loss, and after taking root and having and first have, some Second Years go out root, cuts out after seeing root;
4, can carry out continuously year after year;
5, do not take nursery lot, grow seedlings in the tree;
6, recruitment is few, cost is low;
7, the red maple of high pressure is own-rooted tree, without grafting affinity not, and easy windbreak phenomenon, new talent, without variation, has all passed on parent and has set merit;
8, be conducive to topiary.
Except above-mentioned, also it should be noted that " embodiment ", " another embodiment " that spoken of in this manual, " embodiment " etc., refer to specific features, structure or the feature in conjunction with this embodiment, described and be included at least one embodiment that the application's generality describes.In specification, a plurality of local appearance statement of the same race is not necessarily to refer to same embodiment.Furthermore, while describing a specific features, structure or feature in conjunction with arbitrary embodiment, what advocate is in conjunction with other embodiment, to realize this feature, structure or feature also to fall within the scope of the invention.
Although with reference to a plurality of explanatory embodiment of the present invention, invention has been described here, but, should be appreciated that, those skilled in the art can design a lot of other modification and embodiments, and these are revised and within embodiment will drop on the disclosed principle scope and spirit of the application.More particularly, in this specification and claim scope of disclosure, can carry out multiple modification and improvement to the building block of subject combination layout and/or layout.Except modification that building block and/or layout are carried out with improving, to those skilled in the art, other purposes will be also obvious.

Claims (10)

1. an air layering seedling-cultivating method for red maple, is characterized in that described seedling-cultivating method comprises the steps:
Steps A, peeling; Select the red maple plant of Zhan Yehou, and carry out ringing more than selected branch base portion, make to organize outside exposedly below branch bark, and at branch exposed section spraying fungicide and short root-growing agent, and kept for the first unit interval;
Step B, bag mud ball; In branch exposed section, adopt plastic film wrapped mud ball, and the mud ball of plastic film wrapped is fixed on branch;
Step C, strengthen red maple plant rich water quality management; To plant, spray nutrient solution, systemic fungicide and insecticide, waited for for the second unit interval, taken root in branch exposed section;
Step D, lower plantation; After taking root in branch exposed section, together with the mud ball that plastic foil is coated, branch is separated from plant, after removing plastic foil, branch to be taken root and partly together with mud ball, put into default shallow cave, plantation ground, ridging compacting, is fixed as sapling by branch.
2. the air layering seedling-cultivating method of red maple according to claim 1, is characterized in that also comprising in described seedling-cultivating method:
Step e, normal root; To fixing sapling, water normal root water, until water ooze and receive dry after, then from sapling, plant the edge excavation shallow ridges in shallow cave, the soil of excavation directly overlays on the base portion of sapling; Fixed support bar on described shallow ridges, and by the perpendicular colligation of sapling and ground on support bar.
3. the air layering seedling-cultivating method of red maple according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in described seedling-cultivating method, also comprise:
Step F, to the sapling being fixed on support bar, spray medicine fertilizer, and carry out branch pruning according to the real-time condition of sapling.
4. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: the ringing in described steps A is that elder generation's ring cutting on branch reaches after the opening of xylem for one week deeply, the opening of the same degree of depth of position ring cutting beyond three centimetres of the described openings of meeting again, then peel two barks between annular opening.
5. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: the first unit interval in described steps A is 36 to 84 hours.
6. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: in described step B, adopt plastics tear-strap that the plastic foil two ends of coated mud ball are tightened and fastened, and make described mud ball and branch exposed section close contact.
7. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: the second unit interval in described step C is 45 to 115 days.
8. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: the shallow cave in described step D is the plantation ground putting in order, that according to the seeding row spacing of planning, excavates is a plurality of, and the soil in the shallow cave after excavation need to carry out disinfection; In described step D, adopt the mode of the high ridging plantation of the high ridge surface planting of single file to plant the branch after taking root.
9. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claim 2 any one, it is characterized in that: described support bar is diameter of section at the bamboo pole of 1 to 2.5 centimetre.
10. according to the air layering seedling-cultivating method of the red maple described in claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that: in described step D, need to take root and reach after the root amount that is covered with mud ball until branch exposed section, then plant down; Described is shearing or sawing by the mode of described branch separation from plant, and after branch shearing or sawing, to the comprehensive spray disinfectant agent of the wound on plant.
CN201310685191.5A 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 The air layering seedling-cultivating method of red maple Active CN103609323B (en)

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230288A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-13 金寨县绿野中药材专业合作社 Semi-girdling rooting layerage method for oriental paperbush which is medicinal material
CN106472226A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-08 王黔平 A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting
CN107371945A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 上海市园林科学规划研究院 A kind of air layering propagation method of Bougainvillea spectabilis
CN110637624A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-03 山东省果树研究所 Method for pruning and proliferating tea garden by replacing shaping of tea trees with branch air compression

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230288A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-13 金寨县绿野中药材专业合作社 Semi-girdling rooting layerage method for oriental paperbush which is medicinal material
CN106472226A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-08 王黔平 A kind of method of the long root of branch trunk punching Rapid Rooting
CN107371945A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 上海市园林科学规划研究院 A kind of air layering propagation method of Bougainvillea spectabilis
CN110637624A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-03 山东省果树研究所 Method for pruning and proliferating tea garden by replacing shaping of tea trees with branch air compression
CN110637624B (en) * 2019-10-24 2021-04-13 山东省果树研究所 Method for pruning and proliferating tea garden by replacing shaping of tea trees with branch air compression

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