CN104686160B - A kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables Download PDF

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CN104686160B
CN104686160B CN201510107102.8A CN201510107102A CN104686160B CN 104686160 B CN104686160 B CN 104686160B CN 201510107102 A CN201510107102 A CN 201510107102A CN 104686160 B CN104686160 B CN 104686160B
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common vetch
ditch
planting site
year
selenium
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CN104686160A (en
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王寿南
胡刘满
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Taizhou Wobo Import and Export Co., Ltd.
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Taizhou Wobo Import And Export Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables, refer to the method in hillside forest land plantation common vetch dish, including the transformation using the improvement soil rich in organic selenium to hillside forest land, fertilising, irrigation, the cultivation of China fir pruned with the training seedling of common vetch dish and the selenium-rich clay fertilizer of common vetch dish are pierced in the plant for piercing China fir, common vetch dish.Above-mentioned technical proposal can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and can pick every year to common vetch dish after third year, and Se content is high in the common vetch dish of picking.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural productions, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables.
Background technique
Common vetch dish, scientific name purple dustpan, belongs to perennial pteridophyte, has extensive presence in Dabie Mountain mountain area.Containing rich in common vetch dish Various trace elements, the common vetch dishes such as rich protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama not only can be made into delicious dish, with more anti- Cancer, heat-clearing, removing toxic substances, weight-reducing, beauty and other effects, while the viruses such as influenza, encephalitis B are significantly inhibited, it is long Phase outlet, be in great demand overseas vegetables, is especially exported to Japan.
Currently, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, and although also there is place experiment artificial growth, its low output, acquisition Common vetch dish stem is thin, poor quality, and common vetch dish will withered or no longer bract bud after picking one, two year.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables, can effectively solve above-mentioned ask The yield of topic, common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, and quality is good, can pick for a long time, will not the underproduction.
To achieve the above object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables refer in the method for hillside forest land plantation common vetch dish, specifically include Following operating procedure:
S1: by hillside forest land site preparation at staged, contour of each planting site respectively along hillside after site preparation is opened up, adjacent It is built a dam the ridge on the outside of slope surface between planting site using stone heap, offers ditch, length of the ditch along planting site in the middle part of each planting site Degree direction opens up and ditch is separated into each sink by interval setting compartment, compartment along its length in ditch, and the two of each sink The first and second flowing water mouth is respectively set on the compartment of end, third flowing water mouth, third stream on same sink are opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink The height at the mouth of a river and the height of the lesser flowing water mouth of height in the first and second flowing water mouth are consistent, the third stream on adjacent ditch The mouth of a river arranges that the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply device, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided in interleaved shape The sparge pipe of horizontal shape arrangement is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/spray head on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe, and hole for water spraying/spray head water discharging direction is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward Ba Geng, planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and the on the outside of ditch by ditch Two planting sites, the first planting site using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fire Loam is obtained according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:1:0.4:0.2~1.2:1:0.8:0.4, and dry land soil is that paddy field drains dry field The paddy soils taken after 3~June do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2~3 times, and fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds The fire ash of firing is obtained with forest land soil according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3;Selenium-rich mixing be 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 15~20g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity;
S2: spring current year will after surviving in second kind of plant, 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of interval plant on the ground, thorn Chinese fir seedling The trunk of thorn Chinese fir seedling is clipped and carries out preservative treatment to truncated position, pierces tufted at the butt of China fir and grows thorn China fir seedling, in the same year Autumn the common vetch vegetable seedling of artificial propagation/wild is transplanted close to interval at the bottom Ba Geng on the ground in first kind of plant, and in water It pours water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch is lower than 12~17cm of ground level of the first planting site, stops irrigating simultaneously after the Frost's Descent In one layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site;
S3: second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, and daily night opens water spray after bract bud Spray/the mist that spills that hole/spray head carries out 3~5min sprays, and bract bud First Year is not picked common vetch dish, trims, protects to thorn Chinese fir A major branch is stayed, remaining thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and second year early August is first and second Rye grass is broadcasted sowing on planting site, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g molybdenum before ryegrass seed is sowed 4~4.5h of sour ammonium seed soaking, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered OD in careless bacillus GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed is mixed with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam after seed soaking It is broadcasted sowing, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out first time receipts when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height It cuts as farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass to regrow to strain Carried out when high 35~40cm aftercrop and by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding the first and second planting site earth's surface, second 1~3cm of toothing when secondary harvesting stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
S4: since third year, repeating to operate as follows every year: starting to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and applies in 3, April to common vetch dish Once help bud fertile, night opens hole for water spraying/3~5min of spray head progress and spills spray/mist spray daily after bract bud, and 4~May is to common vetch dish Picking 3~4 times trims the dwarf branch item of thorn Chinese fir, so that its height is no more than 1.5m, second year early August is first and second Rye grass is broadcasted sowing on planting site, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g molybdenum before ryegrass seed is sowed 4~4.5h of sour ammonium seed soaking, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered OD in careless bacillus GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed is mixed with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam after seed soaking It is broadcasted sowing, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out first time receipts when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height It cuts as farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass to regrow to strain Carried out when high 35~40cm aftercrop and by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding the first and second planting site earth's surface, second 1~3cm of toothing when secondary harvesting stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent, and bud fertilizer is helped to obtain for fiery loam and people and animals' urine/urea mixed preparing;
Since second year, selenium-rich clay fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields on the ground in first kind of plant before herbage and leaf bedding, selenium-rich clay fertilizer is spread The amount of applying is that the first planting site spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg per acre, selenium-rich clay fertilizer be 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method: being pulverized and mixed sorghum, wheat, soybean according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and matches Fermentation substrate is made, yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The plantation of common vetch dish, most important is exactly the control of liquid manure, and the happiness of common vetch dish happiness water is negative, but also flood afraid of water, and to life Long soil is extremely harsh.The irrigation system that the present invention is made up of the transformation in above-mentioned hillside forest land, ditch, enables to water flow equal The entire hillside forest land of even irrigation, at the same the water level control in ditch be lower than first planting site 12~17cm of earth's surface, guarantee common vetch The happiness water of dish irrigates and is not in waterlogging, and common vetch dish is planted close to the bottom Ba Geng, to be got well more than level land planting effect, common vetch Dish is influenced by Ba Geng, so that new cauline leaf is grown to far from the side Ba Geng, so that the plant hormone stimulation root in it is sprouted More gemma are issued, yield, while the setting of Ba Geng are improved, the first can be made to plant water flow above ground and do not planted from first kind The earth's surface on ground is trickled and is penetrated into ditch from its underpart, and common vetch dish waterlogging is prevented, in addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, it can be in forest land The initial stage of transformation plays fixed function, and landslide causes hillside forest land to be ruined when preventing rainy season;Hole for water spraying/spray head sprays in short-term at night Leaching, Simulated rainwater day, so that rainwater sparse spray in part promotes the growth of common vetch dish bud, so that common vetch dish bud is more on common vetch dish bud It is sturdy;The improvement soil of above-mentioned preparation simultaneously is supported in acidity and fertilizer and is more matched with the best demand of common vetch dish growth, so that common vetch Dish is more sturdy, and in addition rye grass can vegetate in the soil property of the first and second planting site, and the rye grass of harvesting can for the first time It is overwintering for herding using the herbage as herding, and the rye grass of aftercrop and leaf are covered on the first and second planting site, Enable common vetch dish preferably overwintering, guarantees that common vetch dish coming year germination spore, rye grass, leaf rot as green manure and help bud fertilizer Apply the fertility that can be good at supplementing the first planting site and adjust acidity, so that common vetch dish can be picked every year.Pierce China fir It sets the low cost bred, high survival rate, growth fastly, after cutting down its major branch, a large amount of new talent can be gone out in butt director, it can be quick The periphery in common vetch dish form the fence of shading, guarantee demand of the common vetch dish to growing environment, while shortening entire forest land transformation Period.Certainly, above-mentioned only simply to illustrate the main function that each factor is individually played, pass through the mutually coordinated work of each factor With enabling common vetch dish all to carry out the picking of high yield every year, and the common vetch dish picked is sturdy, quality is good.
And the plant of common vetch colza is carried out using above-mentioned improvement soil and selenium-rich clay fertilizer, organic selenium can effectively be absorbed by common vetch dish, The Se content in common vetch dish can be effectively improved, Se content about improves 3~4 times in the dry common vetch dish of harvest, and compost maturity is exactly that agricultural is raw The means of common green manure compost maturity in production.
Detailed scheme are as follows:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and improvement soil is filled out whole with a thickness of 30~35cm, improves soil and fills out under flood Side is provided with sandy soils, and the bottom Ba Geng extends in sandy soils.In second kind of plant, plantation tea tree, tea tree are located on the ground after second year Pierce Chinese fir inside and with thorn Chinese fir it is interval-staggered.Helping bud fertilizer is that 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine are prepared to obtain.The After 2 years, pierce Chinese fir trunk is larger and also butt at dwarf branch item it is also in great numbers, like the outside in ditch forms a hedge Biggish tea seedling is planted on column on the inside of it at this time, and tea tree happiness yin can be good at growing, can be by second if plantation tea tree Relatively larger than the first planting site ground level of the ground level setting on ground is planted, more crop interplantings improve entire economic benefit.And And thorn Chinese fir, common vetch dish are all the crops that insect pest will not occur, and by interplanting, can eliminate large stretch of Tea planting and be easy to happen disease The phenomenon that insect pest, improves the economic benefit of entire agricultural.
Above-mentioned technical proposal can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and after third year every year can to common vetch dish into Row picking.
Detailed description of the invention
The structural schematic diagram in ditch is opened up in Fig. 1 slope surface;
Fig. 2 is the sectional schematic diagram of slope surface.
Specific embodiment
In order to which objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out specifically with reference to embodiments It is bright.It should be appreciated that following text is only used to describe one or more of specific embodiments of the invention, not to the present invention The protection scope specifically requested carries out considered critical.
Following Examples 1 to 2 are in my company (ten thousand grass of Anqing, thousand wooden agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd) and Wuhu perseverance promise energy Technology Co., Ltd., Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd joint development cool breeze farm (Yuexi County lotus flower village cool breeze group) Middle progress, gemma, which refers to, issues tender white gemma on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, gemma is picked after growing up to common vetch dish, and loose stool water is people and animals' urine Liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparings obtain, and urea water is that 100~200g urea and 1L water are prepared to obtain.It is unknown in following embodiments 1,2 The specific amount of application of the fertilizer really illustrated, those skilled in the art can be made in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age With guaranteeing the reliable plant of crops, in addition, in entire planting process, require to carry out weeding every year, loosen the soil, the behaviour such as desinsection Make.In the present invention unless otherwise instructed, the percentage of component is mass concentration.
Improvement soil used in embodiment 1,2 is to be made in embodiment 3~6, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is to make in embodiment 7~9 , the improvement in hillside forest land is specifically as shown in Figure 1, 2.
Embodiment 1
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground It roots out, by hillside forest land site preparation at staged, contour of each planting site 11 respectively along hillside after site preparation is opened up, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge 12 on the outside of slope surface between ground 11 using stone heap, ditch 13 is offered in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and ditch 13 is separated by interval setting compartment 131, compartment 131 along its length in ditch 13 Each sink is respectively set the first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink, opens up third on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the lesser flowing water mouth of height in the height of third flowing water mouth 133 and the first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Height is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is lower than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of third flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply device, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying, the water side of hole for water spraying on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 To the oblique side wall for being directed toward the dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into 111 He of the first planting site positioned at 13 inside of ditch by ditch 13 The second planting site 112 positioned at 13 outside of ditch, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 For 60~80cm, improves soil and fill out whole with a thickness of 30~35cm, improve soil and fill out on the downside of flood being provided with sandy soils 15, dam 12 bottom of the ridge extends in sandy soils 15, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1 ~1.2m;
Spring current year is spaced 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of plant on the second planting site 112, and spacing in the rows 1.5m pierces Chinese fir seedling The trunk for piercing Chinese fir seedling is clipped after surviving and preservative treatment is carried out to truncated position, tufted at the butt of China fir is pierced and grows thorn China fir children Seedling carries out the common vetch vegetable seedling 11a of artificial propagation in the autumn in the same year on the first planting site 111 close to interval at 12 bottom of the dam ridge Plant, the width for planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, by spacing in the rows 15cm plant, when transplanting, common vetch vegetable seedling 11a Transplantation with soil is answered, root system is not hurt, root water is poured after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is lower than the 12~17cm of ground level of one planting site 111 stopped irrigating and setting at one layer of the earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent Leaf, the leaf and pine needle that optional miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly carry out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, after bract bud daily night open hole for water spraying into 3~5min's of row spills spray, before gemma and carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water after gemma and mentions seedling, bract bud First Year is not to common vetch dish Picked, thorn Chinese fir trimmed, a major branch is retained, remaining thorn China fir seedling pluck top make its height 1.4~ Between 1.6m, second year early August broadcasts sowing rye grass on the first and second planting site, and every 1kg seed adds before ryegrass seed is sowed 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g 4~4.5h of pak-chor, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution are withered grass gemma Bacillus GB03 mother liquor dilutes 10 times and is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, rye after seed soaking Grass seed is mixed and is broadcasted sowing with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, rye grass Harvesting for the first time is carried out when growing to 40~45cm of plant height as farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes black Wheat straw tiller and regeneration carry out aftercrop and by the herbage and tree of harvesting when rye grass regrows to 35~40cm of plant height Earth's surface of the leaf bedding in the first and second planting site, 1~3cm of toothing when aftercrop stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent.It is opened from second year Begin, spread fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich clay fertilizer on the ground in first kind of plant before herbage (i.e. rye grass) and leaf bedding, is spread on the ground in first kind of plant every year Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is applied, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer is that the first planting site spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg per acre.
It since third year, repeats to operate as follows every year: starting to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and one is applied to common vetch dish in 3, April It is secondary to help bud fertile, before gemma or top dressing is carried out with loose stool water or urea water after gemma and mentions seedling, and daily night opens hole for water spraying after bract bud Carry out 3~5min spills spray, and 4~May picks common vetch dish 3~4 times, and when picking does not injure root, applies loose stool after picking every time Water is primary, trims to the dwarf branch item of thorn Chinese fir, its height is made to be no more than 1.5m, and second year early August plants at first and second kind Rye grass is broadcasted sowing on the ground, and every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g ammonium molybdate before ryegrass seed is sowed Soak seed 4~4.5h, and bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered grass bud OD in spore bacillus GB03 mother liquor600Be 0.8~1.0, after seed soaking ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam mix into Row broadcasts sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out harvesting for the first time when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height and makees For farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass to regrow to plant height 35 Aftercrop and the earth's surface by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding in the first and second planting site, second of receipts are carried out when~40cm 1~3cm of toothing when cutting stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent, and helping bud fertilizer is that 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine are prepared to obtain.
Embodiment 2
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground It roots out, by hillside forest land site preparation at staged, contour of each planting site 11 respectively along hillside after site preparation is opened up, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge 12 on the outside of slope surface between ground 11 using stone heap, ditch 13 is offered in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and ditch 13 is separated by interval setting compartment 131, compartment 131 along its length in ditch 13 Each sink is respectively set the first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink, opens up third on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the lesser flowing water mouth of height in the height of third flowing water mouth 133 and the first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Height is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is lower than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of third flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply device, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with spray head on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14, the water discharging direction of spray head is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward the dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 on the inside of ditch 13 and is located at by ditch 13 Second planting site 112 in 13 outside of ditch, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 is 60 ~80cm, improvement soil are filled out whole with a thickness of 30~35cm, improve soil and fill out that sandy soils are provided on the downside of flood, 12 bottom of the dam ridge Portion extends in sandy soils, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
Spring current year is spaced 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of plant on the second planting site 112, and spacing in the rows 1.5m pierces Chinese fir seedling The trunk for piercing Chinese fir seedling is clipped after surviving and preservative treatment is carried out to truncated position, tufted at the butt of China fir is pierced and grows thorn China fir children Seedling plants wild common vetch vegetable seedling 11a in the autumn in the same year on the first planting site 111 close to interval at 12 bottom of the dam ridge It plants, the width for planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, and by spacing in the rows 15cm plant, when transplanting, common vetch vegetable seedling 11a is answered Transplantation with soil does not hurt root system, root water is poured after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is lower than first 12~17cm of ground level of planting site 111 stopped irrigating and setting at one layer of the earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent Leaf, the leaf and pine needle that optional miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly carry out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, night opening spray head progress daily 3 after bract bud The mist of~5min sprays, and carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water before gemma and after gemma and mentions seedling, bract bud First Year not to common vetch dish into Row picking trims thorn Chinese fir, retains a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height in 1.4~1.6m Between, second year early August broadcasts sowing rye grass on the first and second planting site, and every 1kg seed adds 2kg before ryegrass seed is sowed Bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g 4~4.5h of pak-chor, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution are bacillus subtilis Bacterium GB03 mother liquor dilutes 10 times and is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, rye grass after seed soaking Seed is mixed and is broadcasted sowing with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and rye grass is raw It is long to 40~45cm of plant height when carry out harvesting for the first time and be used as farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes rye Careless tiller and regeneration carry out aftercrop and by the herbage of harvesting and leaf when rye grass regrows to 35~40cm of plant height Earth's surface of the bedding in the first and second planting site, 1~3cm of toothing when aftercrop stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent, since second year, Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields on the ground in first kind of plant before herbage (i.e. rye grass) and leaf bedding, spreads fertilizer over the fields richness on the ground in first kind of plant every year Selenium clay fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer are that the first planting site spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg per acre;
It since third year, repeats to operate as follows every year: starting to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and one is applied to common vetch dish in 3, April It is secondary to help bud fertile, carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water before gemma and after gemma and mentions seedling, after bract bud daily night opening spray head into The mist of 3~5min of row sprays, and 4~May picks common vetch dish 3~4 times, and when picking does not injure root, applies loose stool water after picking every time Once, the dwarf branch item of thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, so that its height is no more than 1.5m, second year early August is in the first and second planting site On broadcast sowing rye grass, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g ammonium molybdate to soak before ryegrass seed is sowed 4~4.5h of kind, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution are that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered grass gemma OD in bacillus GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed is mixed and carried out with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam after seed soaking It broadcasts sowing, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out harvesting conduct for the first time when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height Farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promote rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass regrow to plant height 35~ Aftercrop and the earth's surface by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding in the first and second planting site, aftercrop are carried out when 40cm When 1~3cm of toothing, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent, bud fertilizer helped to obtain for fiery loam and urea according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 100:5 It arrives, carries out mixed preparing with fiery loam again after being dissolved with water to urea before preparing.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 plants per acre, produces 350 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes per year per acre, The length for picking fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis journey of fresh common vetch dish Low, the Se content height in common vetch dish is spent, Se content is about 3~4 times of common common vetch dish in dry common vetch dish obtained.
Traditional level land plantation, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish are 4500~6000 plants, produce 300 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, picking per year per acre The length of fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis journey on fresh common vetch dish surface Degree is high, and cutting the black herbage of receipts for the first time, to can be used for herding overwintering, forms circular agriculture.
Embodiment 3
Dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fiery loam are changed according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:1:0.4:0.2 Good soil, dry land soil drain the paddy soils taken after dry field June by paddy field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 times, fire Loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, the fire ash of weeds firing and forest land soil (hillside forest land native country) are according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 It obtains;Selenium-rich mixing is 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5g sodium selenite through compost corruption Ripe to obtain, poultry muck obtains with the following method: sorghum, wheat, soybean being crushed mixed preparing according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 At fermentation substrate, yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, it will The product and feed of fermentation carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 4
Dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fiery loam are obtained according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1.2:1:0.8:0.4 Soil is improved, dry land soil drains the paddy soils taken after dry field March by paddy field, does not sow crop during dry field and dig 3 times, Fiery loam be stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds firing fire ash obtained with forest land soil according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:3;Selenium-rich is mixed Material is that 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 10g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity, poultry Muck obtains with the following method: sorghum, wheat, soybean crushed according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate, Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 5
Dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fiery loam are changed according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:1:0.8:0.4 Good soil, dry land soil drain the paddy soils taken after dry field April by paddy field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 3 times, fire Loam be stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds firing fire ash obtained with forest land soil according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2.5;Selenium-rich is mixed Material is that 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity, poultry Muck obtains with the following method: sorghum, wheat, soybean crushed according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate, Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 6
Dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fiery loam are obtained according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1.2:1:0.4:0.4 Soil is improved, dry land soil drains the paddy soils taken after dry field April by paddy field, does not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 times, Fiery loam be stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds firing fire ash obtained with forest land soil according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2.5;Selenium-rich Mixing is that 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity, fowl Animal manure fertilizer obtains with the following method: crushing sorghum, wheat, soybean according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and is hybridly prepared into fermentation bottom Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the production of fermentation by object Object and feed carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The improvement soil produced in above-described embodiment 3~6, pH value and fertility are all particularly suitable for the production of common vetch dish, because This, the common vetch vegetable seedling high survival rate of transplanting, fertilizer efficiency persistently improves the yield of common vetch dish, and wherein organic selenium can effectively be inhaled by common vetch dish It receives, improves the organic selenium content in finished product common vetch dish.
Embodiment 7
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenite warp Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method: crushing sorghum, wheat, soybean according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and mixes Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate according to the mass ratio of 1:5, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry by it, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 8
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 8kg green manure, 1.0kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenite warp Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method: crushing sorghum, wheat, soybean according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and mixes Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate according to the mass ratio of 1:5, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry by it, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 9
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 1.2kg lime, 6.0kg poultry muck, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenite warp Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method: crushing sorghum, wheat, soybean according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 and mixes Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate according to the mass ratio of 1:5, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry by it, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Common vetch dish grow every year harvesting after, it is larger to the loss of soil, thus every year need to soil carry out fertility supplement and PH value is adjusted, and the selenium-rich clay fertilizer produced in above-described embodiment 7~9, pH value is higher than the normal growth conditions of common vetch dish, It uses, effectively the pH value of soil can be adjusted, while supplementing fertility and organic selenium before bedding herbage and leaf, guaranteed The annual high yield output of selenium-rich common vetch dish.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, in knowing the present invention after contents, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it can also be made several Same transformation and substitution, these convert and substitute on an equal basis and also should be regarded as belonging to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables, refer to the method in hillside forest land plantation common vetch dish, specifically include as Lower operating procedure:
S1: by hillside forest land site preparation at staged, contour of each planting site respectively along hillside after site preparation is opened up, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge on the outside of slope surface between ground using stone heap, offers ditch in the middle part of each planting site, ditch is along the length side of planting site To opening up and ditch is separated into each sink by interval setting compartment, compartment along its length in ditch, the both ends of each sink every The first and second flowing water mouth is respectively set in section, third flowing water mouth is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink, third flowing water mouth on same sink Height and the height of the lesser flowing water mouth of height is consistent in the first and second flowing water mouth, the third flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch It is arranged in interleaved shape, the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply device, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe of arrangement is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/spray head, the oblique finger of hole for water spraying/spray head water discharging direction on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe To the side wall of Ba Geng, planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and second on the outside of ditch by ditch Plant ground, the first planting site using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich mixing and fire loam It is obtained according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:1:0.4:0.2, dry land soil drains the rice field taken after 3~June of dry field by paddy field Soil does not sow crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fiery loam be stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds firing fire ash and forest land soil It is obtained according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3;
Selenium-rich mixing is according to every 4kg green manure and 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 0.5kg cake fertilizer, 15~20g sodium selenite It is obtained through compost maturity;
S2: spring current year will pierce China fir after surviving in second kind of plant, 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of interval plant on the ground, thorn Chinese fir seedling The trunk of sapling is clipped and carries out preservative treatment to truncated position, pierces tufted at the butt of China fir and grows thorn China fir seedling, in the autumn in the same year Season transplants artificial propagation/wild common vetch vegetable seedling in first kind of plant close to interval at the bottom Ba Geng on the ground, and in ditch It pours water, and the water surface elevation in ditch is lower than 12~17cm of ground level of the first planting site, stops irrigating and the after the Frost's Descent One layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of one planting site;
S3: second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, night opening hole for water spraying/spray daily after bract bud Spray/the mist that spills that head carries out 3~5min sprays, and bract bud First Year is not picked common vetch dish, trims to thorn Chinese fir, retains one Major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and second year early August is in the first and second planting site On broadcast sowing rye grass, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g ammonium molybdate to soak before ryegrass seed is sowed 4~4.5h of kind, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution are that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered grass gemma OD in bacillus GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed is mixed and carried out with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam after seed soaking It broadcasts sowing, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out harvesting conduct for the first time when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height Farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promote rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass regrow to plant height 35~ Aftercrop and the earth's surface by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding in the first and second planting site, aftercrop are carried out when 40cm When 1~3cm of toothing, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate;Since second year, richness is spread fertilizer over the fields on the ground in first kind of plant before herbage and leaf bedding Selenium clay fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer are that the first planting site spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg per acre, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg Lime, 4.0kg poultry muck, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenite are obtained through compost maturity;
S4: since third year, repeating to operate as follows every year: starting to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and applies one to common vetch dish in 3~April Secondary to help bud fertile, night opens hole for water spraying/3~5min of spray head progress and spills spray/mist spray daily after bract bud, adopts to common vetch dish for 4~May It plucks 3~4 times, the dwarf branch item of thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, so that its height is no more than 1.5m, second year early August is at first and second kind It plants and broadcasts sowing rye grass on the ground, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g molybdic acid before ryegrass seed is sowed Ammonium 4~4.5h of seed soaking, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution are that 10 times of bacillus subtilis GB03 mother liquor dilution is formulated, withered grass OD in bacillus GB03 mother liquor600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed after seed soaking It is broadcasted sowing, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, carries out first time harvesting when Ryegrass Growth is to 40~45cm of plant height As farming animals herbage, 5~8cm of toothing when gathering in for the first time promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass to regrow to plant height Carried out when 35~40cm aftercrop and by the herbage of harvesting and leaf bedding the first and second planting site earth's surface, second 1~3cm of toothing when harvesting stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent, and bud fertilizer is helped to obtain for fiery loam and people and animals' urine/urea mixed preparing;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method: sorghum, wheat, soybean being crushed and be hybridly prepared into according to the mass ratio of 6:3:1 Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1:5, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, will send out by fermentation substrate The product and feed of ferment carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
2. the implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the height of Ba Geng is 60 ~80cm, improvement soil are filled out whole with a thickness of 30~35cm, improve soil and fill out that sandy soils are provided on the downside of flood, the bottom Ba Geng It extends in sandy soils.
3. the implantation methods of the continuous high yield of rich selenium vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: helping bud fertilizer is 50kg fire Loam and 10L people and animals' urine are prepared to obtain.
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