CN104285825B - A kind of recycling cow dung prepares the method for fermenting bed padding - Google Patents

A kind of recycling cow dung prepares the method for fermenting bed padding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104285825B
CN104285825B CN201410513751.3A CN201410513751A CN104285825B CN 104285825 B CN104285825 B CN 104285825B CN 201410513751 A CN201410513751 A CN 201410513751A CN 104285825 B CN104285825 B CN 104285825B
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parts
fermentation
cow dung
fermenting bed
bed padding
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CN104285825A (en
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董书阁
侯文燕
代书强
赵建伟
肖龙虻
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Beijing Aerospace Hengfeng Polytron Technologies Inc
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Qingdao Jiarui Biological Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0157Mats; Sheets

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method that recycling cow dung prepares fermenting bed padding, this process resource producing level is high, be easy to large-scale application, contribute to realizing the harmless treatment of ox breeding waste and fermenting bed padding recycling, solve the ox breeding environment existed at present and pollute and fermenting bed padding shortage of resources two hang-up.The application with cow dung just for raw material, be aided with stalk, wormcast, alcohol active mud etc., obtained by the two-step fermentation technique of bio-fermentation agent, the probios such as saccharomycete, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, lactic acid bacteria are rich in fermenting bed padding, content is up to 2 ~ 5 × 10cfu/g, after pig cultivation, the pig incidence of disease is low, is conducive to the growth promoting pig.

Description

A kind of recycling cow dung prepares the method for fermenting bed padding
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method that recycling cow dung prepares fermenting bed padding, belong to bioengineering field.
Background technology
Fermentation bed to raise pig pattern is theoretical according to Tiny ecosystem and biofermentation is theoretical, certain thickness organic substance bedding and padding are laid in pig house, utilize the special beneficial microbe in bedding and padding to degrade rapidly and eliminate excrement, the homaluria thing of pig, thus reach flushing-free pig house and realize avoiding the object of the dirty arbitrarily discharge of excrement, this kind of pattern has great positive effect for reducing the environmental pollution that traditional pig-breeding pattern causes.At present, bedding and padding mainly sawdust and the rice husk of fermentation bed, along with the rise of fermentation bed cultivation, the price causing sawdust and rice husk rises, and fermentation bed cost raises year by year.Fermenting bed padding has become the bottleneck factor of restriction deep-litter systems development.
Along with the development of Modern Animal Husbandry, the scale of ox plant, intensive degree improve constantly, the ight soil serious environment pollution that large-scale ox plant produces.Statistical result showed, China raises all kinds of livestock and poultry 1,700,000 (only) every year, and wastes from livestock and poultry reaches 1,900,000,000 t, and wherein cow dung is just about 2.5 hundred million t, and Relatively centralized.This is more and more serious to the mankind, other pollution that is biological and ox its own existence environment.From the angle of environment, it causes severe contamination to air, waters and soil, ball ecological environment is worsened, and causes heavy economic losses, administers the great attention that cow dung pollution problem just has caused government and cultivation industry.Utilize Modern microbiological technical resource to utilize cow dung to prepare harmless treatment and higher value application that fermenting bed padding both can realize cow dung, the development of fermentation bed to raise pig technology can be advanced again, reduce pig industry environmental pollution and cultivation risk, advance the sustainable health development of pig industry.But recycling cow dung is prepared fermenting bed padding and be there is a lot of drawback: one is that cow dung foul odour is serious, easily pollutes breeding environment; Two is that in cow dung, probio content is lower, and be difficult to the effect playing deep-litter systems, the research at present in this is still in blank.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of recycling cow dung is the object of the present invention is to provide to prepare the method for fermenting bed padding, this process resource producing level is high, be easy to large-scale application, contribute to realizing the harmless treatment of ox breeding waste and fermenting bed padding recycling, solve the ox breeding environment existed at present and pollute and fermenting bed padding shortage of resources two hang-up.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
The invention provides a kind of method that recycling cow dung prepares fermenting bed padding, it is characterized in that specifically comprising the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of adsorbents, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 5 parts of colza cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus oryzae, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation 3 ~ 5d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: mix by cow dung just 60 ~ 70 parts, stalk 20 ~ 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 10 ~ 20 parts, wormcast 5 ~ 10 parts, bio-fermentation agent 2 ~ 3 parts, cellulase 1 ~ 2 part of mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 5 ~ 8d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add alcohol active mud 5 ~ 10%(mass ratio in proportion, as follows), lactic acid bacteria powder 2 ~ 3%, bacillus subtilis 1 ~ 2%, bacillus licheniformis 1 ~ 2%, mix, with containing 2% molasses water solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% about;
(5) secondary fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3 ~ 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock cracker to pulverize the material completing secondary fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) dry: the material after pulverizing is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fermenting bed padding about 30% ~ 40%.
Adsorbent described in above-mentioned steps (1) is one or more in zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite.
Above-mentioned stalk is one or more in straw, wheat stalk, maize straw, green grass.
The invention provides a kind of method that recycling cow dung prepares fermenting bed padding, product utilization cow dung is just raw material, is aided with stalk, wormcast, alcohol active mud etc., is obtained by the two-step fermentation technique of bio-fermentation agent.In product, induced worm egg death rate and coli-group number index meet the requirement of NY884.
The invention provides a kind of method that recycling cow dung prepares fermenting bed padding, the probios such as saccharomycete, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, lactic acid bacteria are rich in fermenting bed padding, content is up to 2 ~ 5 × 10cfu/g, after pig cultivation, the pig incidence of disease is low, under culture experiment shows equal rearing conditions, this fermenting bed padding group occurs without any disease, uses the control group of traditional zymotic group bedding and padding to have 3 examples morbidity (n=50); In addition, fermenting bed padding of the present invention can also promote pig growth speed, and reduce feed coefficient, result of the test shows, compares daily gain improve 12.54% with control group, and feed coefficient reduces by 14.89%, and difference reaches pole significance level (p<0.01).
Beneficial effect of the present invention: once being that the present invention adopts multiple-microorganism composite anaerobic fermentation cow dung to produce fermenting bed padding, first passing through the strong suction-operated of physical absorbent in cow dung just mixed process, effectively can adsorb NH 3, H 2s, CH 4deng more than 10 kinds of foul gas, then by the fermentation of microorganism, make cow dung just deodorization with the form of dehydrogenation, deodorizing effect is better; Two is with the addition of the auxiliary materials such as stalk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, wormcast in During High-Temperature Composting fermentation process, and result of the test shows cow dung just middle NH 3clearance be greater than 84.65%, H 2the clearance of S is greater than 81.77%, comparatively control group (direct microbial inoculant fermentation) improves 87.54%, 92.73% respectively, difference reaches pole significance level (P<0.01), effectively achieves cow dung just compost fermentation deodorizing and the object of protecting nitrogen; Three is actings in conjunction of two-step fermentation by complex microorganism and cellulase, cow dung just in cellulosic degradation rate be 84.9%, control group (direct microbial inoculant compost fermentation) is 45.6%, processed group comparatively control group improves 86.18%, and difference reaches pole significance level (P<0.01); Four is that present invention process is simple, is conducive to reducing production cost and suitability for industrialized production.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
embodiment 1:
Recycling cow dung prepares a method for fermenting bed padding, is prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of adsorbents, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 5 parts of colza cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus oryzae, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation 3d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: mix by cow dung just 60 parts, stalk 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 10 parts, wormcast 10 parts, bio-fermentation agent 2 parts, cellulase 2 parts of mass ratioes, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 5d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add alcohol active mud 5%(mass ratio in proportion, as follows), lactic acid bacteria powder 3%, bacillus subtilis 1%, bacillus licheniformis 2%, mix, with containing 2% molasses water solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% about;
(5) secondary fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock cracker to pulverize the material completing secondary fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) dry: the material after pulverizing is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fermenting bed padding about 30% ~ 40%.
embodiment 2:
Recycling cow dung prepares a method for fermenting bed padding, is prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of adsorbents, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 5 parts of colza cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus oryzae, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation 5d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: mix by cow dung just 70 parts, stalk 20 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 parts, wormcast 5 parts, bio-fermentation agent 3 parts, cellulase 1 part of mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 8d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add alcohol active mud 10%(mass ratio in proportion, as follows), lactic acid bacteria powder 2%, bacillus subtilis 2%, bacillus licheniformis 1%, mix, with containing 2% molasses water solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% about;
(5) secondary fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock cracker to pulverize the material completing secondary fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) dry: the material after pulverizing is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fermenting bed padding about 30% ~ 40%.
embodiment 3:
Recycling cow dung prepares a method for fermenting bed padding, is prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of adsorbents, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 5 parts of colza cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus oryzae, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation 4d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: mix by cow dung just 65 parts, stalk 25 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 15 parts, wormcast 7.5 parts, bio-fermentation agent 2.5 parts, cellulase 1.5 parts of mass ratioes, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 6.5d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add alcohol active mud 7.5%(mass ratio in proportion, as follows), lactic acid bacteria powder 2.5%, bacillus subtilis 1.5%, bacillus licheniformis 1.5%, mix, with containing 2% molasses water solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% about;
(5) secondary fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 4d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock cracker to pulverize the material completing secondary fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) dry: the material after pulverizing is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fermenting bed padding about 30% ~ 40%.
Above embodiment only for illustration of technical scheme of the present invention, but not is limited; Although be described in detail by invention with reference to previous embodiment, for the person of ordinary skill of the art, still the technical scheme described in previous embodiment can be modified, or equivalent replacement has been carried out to wherein portion of techniques feature; And to these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention's technical scheme required for protection.

Claims (3)

1. recycling cow dung prepares a method for fermenting bed padding, it is characterized in that specifically comprising the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of adsorbents, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 5 parts of colza cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus oryzae, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation 3 ~ 5d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: mix by cow dung just 60 ~ 70 parts, stalk 20 ~ 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 10 ~ 20 parts, wormcast 5 ~ 10 parts, bio-fermentation agent 2 ~ 3 parts, cellulase 1 ~ 2 part of mass ratio, with aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 5 ~ 8d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add alcohol active mud 5 ~ 10%(mass ratio in proportion, as follows), lactic acid bacteria powder 2 ~ 3%, bacillus subtilis 1 ~ 2%, bacillus licheniformis 1 ~ 2%, mix, with containing 2% molasses water solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40%;
(5) secondary fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3 ~ 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock cracker to pulverize the material completing secondary fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) dry: the material after pulverizing is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fermenting bed padding 30% ~ 40%.
2. recycling cow dung according to claim 1 prepares the method for fermenting bed padding, and the adsorbent that it is characterized in that in described step (1) is one or more in zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite.
3. recycling cow dung according to claim 1 prepares the method for fermenting bed padding, it is characterized in that described stalk is one or more in straw, wheat stalk, maize straw, green grass.
CN201410513751.3A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of recycling cow dung prepares the method for fermenting bed padding Active CN104285825B (en)

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CN105981652A (en) * 2015-03-06 2016-10-05 江苏省协同医药生物工程有限责任公司 Experimental animal particle litter added with Chinese herbal medicine and preparation method of experimental animal particle litter
CN104885952B (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-08-15 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 A kind of fermenting bed padding of ecological sheep raising
JP6528188B2 (en) * 2016-08-17 2019-06-12 学校法人長崎総合科学大学 Method of producing functional compost
CN106376473A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 南京国龙生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of economic environment-friendly biological fermenting bed suitable for breeding pigs
CN106615658A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Method for preparing fermentation bed padding by recycling froggrass
CN106614088B (en) * 2017-01-05 2020-06-30 四川农业大学 Poultry house padding regulator and application thereof
CN107211902B (en) * 2017-07-13 2020-08-04 内蒙古工业大学 Method for preparing cow bedding by recycling cow dung under sub-low temperature condition
CN107466877A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-15 南京原谷生物技术有限公司 A kind of ox bed biological pad and its application method
CN108913634A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-30 衡阳师范学院 A kind of dystopy processing method of fowl and animal excrement and its complex microorganism, the dystopy fermenting bed padding used
CN109526762A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-03-29 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 The cattle farm fermenting bed padding and preparation method thereof that after separating dry space from moist space prepared by cattle manure residue

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JP3771570B1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-04-26 セブンフーズ株式会社 Livestock barn and excrement disposal method in barn
CN101416610B (en) * 2008-06-24 2011-08-17 李季 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof
CN101690464B (en) * 2009-09-08 2012-05-23 北京资源亚太饲料科技有限公司 Compound padding for fermentation bed cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN102224804A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-10-26 丹阳市康乐农牧有限公司 Novel microbial fermentation bed mattress material and preparation method thereof

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Inventor after: Zheng Tao

Inventor after: Liu Haiming

Inventor after: Du Rongrong

Inventor after: Lv Zhongwen

Inventor before: Dong Shuge

Inventor before: Hou Wenyan

Inventor before: Dai Shuqiang

Inventor before: Zhao Jianwei

Inventor before: Xiao Longmeng

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Effective date of registration: 20171010

Address after: 102402 Beijing city Fangshan District Doudian town Doudian village Tokyo Road No. 9

Patentee after: Beijing Aerospace Hengfeng Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: Shinan District 266071 Shandong city of Qingdao province Xianyou Road No. 16 room 1324

Patentee before: QINGDAO JIARUI BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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