CN102951966A - Production method for compound microbial manure - Google Patents

Production method for compound microbial manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102951966A
CN102951966A CN2012104397317A CN201210439731A CN102951966A CN 102951966 A CN102951966 A CN 102951966A CN 2012104397317 A CN2012104397317 A CN 2012104397317A CN 201210439731 A CN201210439731 A CN 201210439731A CN 102951966 A CN102951966 A CN 102951966A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
production
quail
raw
solubilizing bacteria
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CN2012104397317A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈仕伟
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ZUNYI LIMANFENG FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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ZUNYI LIMANFENG FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012104397317A priority Critical patent/CN102951966A/en
Publication of CN102951966A publication Critical patent/CN102951966A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a production method for a compound microbial manure, which mainly includes the following steps: (1) preparation of microbial agent: nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and potassium-solubilizing bacteria as strains are mixed according to the weight ratio of 2:1:1, so that the microbial agent is prepared; (2) primary microbial agent fermentation: the microbial agent, waste distiller's grain liquid, soybean meal, rice bran and quail feces are mixed according to proportion, so that compound quail feces is prepared; (3) secondary aerobic fermentation: the compound quail feces, distiller's grain, wheat bran and straw powder, soybean cake meal and/or rapeseed oil meal and calcium-magnesium phosphate powder are mixed according to proportion and aerobically fermented for the second time; (4) air-drying and packaging. The production method adopts the quail feces and the distiller's grain fermented with the microbial agent made from the nitrogen-fixing bacteria, the phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and the potassium-solubilizing bacteria according to proportion as main materials, the composition of the materials is simple but has an excellent fertility-increasing effect, and the production process is easy to operate, and is suitable for mass production.

Description

A kind of production method of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer.
Background technology
Microbial-bacterial fertilizer is that the vital movement with microorganism causes crop to obtain a kind of goods of specific fertilizer effect, is to use a kind of of fertilizer in the agriculture production.Use microbial-bacterial fertilizer in soil, to increase quantity of useful microbe and overall activity, thereby obviously improve the fertility of soil.This be because, beneficial microorganism can produce glucide in the microbial fertilizer, account for 0.1% of the soil organism, with plant mucilage, mineral idiosome and organic colloid combine, and can improve soil aggregate, strengthen the physicals of soil and the loss of minimizing soil particle, under certain conditions, can also participate in soil ulmin forms.Simultaneously, utilizing the specific function decomposing and fermenting life of microorganism or the waste in the husbandry, produce microbial fertilizer, is an economically viable effective way.In the prior art, the production method of microbial-bacterial fertilizer has multiple, for example, utilizes the special microbial strains of plant produced, and various husbandry materials are carried out composting, can accelerate its fermenting process, shortens the cycle of compost, improves simultaneously compost quality and ripening degree.
The ight soil of animal is one of important source material of microbial-bacterial fertilizer production.The ight soil processing treatment mode of animal is varied, and physical method, chemical process, microbe fermentation method, various ways synthetic method are arranged, and its foreign method and local method, ancient and modern and deposit respectively have quality, should suit measures to local conditions.The conventional approach that manure fermentation is made fertilizer is to make its natural packing fermentation 5 ~ 6 months, makes feed and also takes 20 days or about one month, and stink distributes like this, not only contaminate environment but also cause nutrient to run off in a large number.And process ight soil with microbe fermentation method, and can not only accelerate fermenting process, shorten fermentation time, avoid waste and improve the nutritive value of ight soil; Can also produce temperature oven dry ight soil by fermentation, save energy consumption, with low cost, simple to operate, be easy to promote.
Chinese patent ZL201010251750.8 discloses a kind of method of producing organic complex fertilizer through microbial solid fermentation, the bacterium liquid that preparation contains EM bacterium and ferment bacterial classification and phosphorus decomposing potassium solubilizing bacteria, behind the solid material that contains the raw materials such as feces of livestock and poultry, soybean cake powder, rice bran, aerobic fermentation is carried out in both mixing make organic fungi-manure, again with organic fungi-manure and micro-mixing.Compoiste fertilizer composition in this scheme is abundant, and production process is comparatively detailed, but its raw material forms and operating process is comparatively complicated, is not to be suitable for large-scale industrialization production.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of production method of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer, solved that composite microbic bacterial fertilizer raw material in the prior art forms and the problem of production operation complexity.
A kind of production method of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer mainly may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation microbiobacterial agent:
Take vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria as bacterial classification, be mixed and made into microbiobacterial agent by the weight ratio of 2:1:1;
(2) microbiobacterial agent fermentations:
Get each raw material by following proportioning and mix, control pH value is 7~7.4, and mixed fermentation 35~55h makes compound quail excrement:
10~15 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 30~40 parts of vinasse waste liquids, 15~20 parts of dregs of beans, 10~20 parts in rice bran, 30~40 parts in quail excrement;
(3) secondary aerobic fermentation:
The raw material of getting following proportioning mixes, and control pH value is carried out secondary aerobic fermentation 50~70h 7~7.4:
50~60 parts in compound quail excrement, 20~30 parts in vinasse, 12~17 parts of wheat bran and straw powder, 10~15 parts of soybean cake and/or rape oil grouts, 5~10 parts of calcium magnesium phosphorus powders;
(4) air-dry and packing:
Step (3) gains are air-dry under normal temperature, packing.
Temperature when each raw material in the described step (2) mixes is 20~25 ℃.
Temperature when each raw material in the described step (3) mixes is 25~40 ℃.
Aerobic fermentation in the described step (3) adopts static ventilation technique to carry out.
Each solid feed in described step (2), (3) is 40~100 purpose powders.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the quail excrement that the microbiobacterial agent that employing is made in proportion through vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria ferments and vinasse are as main raw material, its raw material forms comparatively simple and the getting fat effect is remarkable, the production process easy handling is suitable for scale operation.
At present China's microbial fertilizer development rapidly, used bacterial classification mainly is phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and vinelandii, these 3 kinds of bacteriums all are soil inhabitants, do not have each other restraining effect or only have faint restraining effect, and phosphate solubilizing bacteria can also promote other bacterial growth breeding.In the main raw material of the inventive method, the quail excrement is a byproduct of quail aquaculture, it also is the very high organic fertilizer of fertilizer efficiency, according to surveying and determination, the organic compositions such as its contained N, P, K are high 3 ~ 4 times more than chicken manure and pig manure, so fertilizer efficiency is remarkable especially, and it is also of a specified duration to hold time, and can play the effect of loosening the soil, be conducive to the growth of farm crop.The mud of vinasse gained after fermentation contains organic composition and the multiple organic acids such as a large amount of N, P, K, can stimulate plant growth, is desirable organic fertilizer.Vinasse have fertilizer supplier, and contained organism is very abundant, and available nutrient content is high, and the potential nutrients service time is long; Have the effect of improving the soil, not only increased nutrient, can also improve soil, improve soil organic matter content; Have hormesis, contain multiple organic acid, crop growth is had hormesis; Have antagonistic action and anthelmintic action, can decomposite antimicrobial substance, suppress some pathogenic bacteria, strengthen the resistance against diseases of crop; Has the weed eradication effect; All all well and good as base manure or the effect of topdressing.
Embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment, and this embodiment only is used for explaining the present invention, does not consist of the restriction to protection domain of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Take vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria as bacterial classification, be mixed and made into microbiobacterial agent by the weight ratio of 2:1:1; Dregs of beans, rice bran, quail excrement, vinasse, wheat bran and straw powder, soybean cake, rape oil grouts, calcium magnesium phosphorus powder are ground into 40 purpose powders;
Under 20 ℃, to get each raw material by following proportioning and mix, control pH value is 7, and mixed fermentation 35h makes compound quail excrement: 10 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 30 parts of vinasse waste liquids, 15 parts of dregs of beans, 10 parts in rice bran, 30 parts in quail excrement;
Under 25 ℃, the raw material of getting following proportioning mixes, and control pH value is carried out secondary aerobic fermentation 50h 7: 50 parts in compound quail excrement, and 20 parts in vinasse, 12 parts of wheat bran and straw powder, 10 parts of soybean cakes, 5 parts of calcium magnesium phosphorus powders carry out aerobic fermentation with static state ventilation technique;
Secondary aerobic fermentation gains are air-dry under normal temperature, packing.
Embodiment 2
Take vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria as bacterial classification, be mixed and made into microbiobacterial agent by the weight ratio of 2:1:1; Dregs of beans, rice bran, quail excrement, vinasse, wheat bran and straw powder, soybean cake, rape oil grouts, calcium magnesium phosphorus powder are ground into 70 purpose powders;
Under 23 ℃, to get each raw material by following proportioning and mix, control pH value is 7.2, and mixed fermentation 45h makes compound quail excrement: 13 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 35 parts of vinasse waste liquids, 18 parts of dregs of beans, 15 parts in rice bran, 35 parts in quail excrement;
Under 30 ℃, the raw material of getting following proportioning mixes, and control pH value is carried out secondary aerobic fermentation 60h 7.2: 55 parts in compound quail excrement, and 25 parts in vinasse, 15 parts of wheat bran and straw powder, 13 parts of rape oil grouts, 8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphorus powders carry out aerobic fermentation with static state ventilation technique;
Secondary aerobic fermentation gains are air-dry under normal temperature, packing.
Embodiment 3
Take vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria as bacterial classification, be mixed and made into microbiobacterial agent by the weight ratio of 2:1:1; Dregs of beans, rice bran, quail excrement, vinasse, wheat bran and straw powder, soybean cake, rape oil grouts, calcium magnesium phosphorus powder are ground into 100 purpose powders;
Under 25 ℃, to get each raw material by following proportioning and mix, control pH value is 7.4, and mixed fermentation 55h makes compound quail excrement: 15 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 40 parts of vinasse waste liquids, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 20 parts in rice bran, 40 parts in quail excrement;
Under 40 ℃, the raw material of getting following proportioning mixes, and control pH value is 7.4, carry out secondary aerobic fermentation 70h: 60 parts in compound quail excrement, 30 parts in vinasse, 17 parts of wheat bran and straw powder, 15 parts of soybean cake and rape oil grouts, 10 parts of calcium magnesium phosphorus powders carry out aerobic fermentation with static state ventilation technique;
Secondary aerobic fermentation gains are air-dry under normal temperature, packing.

Claims (5)

1. the production method of a composite microbic bacterial fertilizer is characterized in that: mainly may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation microbiobacterial agent:
Take vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria as bacterial classification, be mixed and made into microbiobacterial agent by the weight ratio of 2:1:1;
(2) microbiobacterial agent fermentations:
Get each raw material by following proportioning and mix, control pH value is 7~7.4, and mixed fermentation 35~55h makes compound quail excrement:
10~15 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 30~40 parts of vinasse waste liquids, 15~20 parts of dregs of beans, 10~20 parts in rice bran, 30~40 parts in quail excrement;
(3) secondary aerobic fermentation:
The raw material of getting following proportioning mixes, and control pH value is carried out secondary aerobic fermentation 50~70h 7~7.4:
50~60 parts in compound quail excrement, 20~30 parts in vinasse, 12~17 parts of wheat bran and straw powder, 10~15 parts of soybean cake and/or rape oil grouts, 5~10 parts of calcium magnesium phosphorus powders;
(4) air-dry and packing:
Step (3) gains are air-dry under normal temperature, packing.
2. the production method of a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the temperature when each raw material in the described step (2) mixes is 20~25 ℃.
3. the production method of a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the temperature when each raw material in the described step (3) mixes is 25~40 ℃.
4. the production method of a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the aerobic fermentation in the described step (3) adopts static ventilation technique to carry out.
5. the production method of a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each solid feed in described step (2), (3) is 40~100 purpose powders.
CN2012104397317A 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Production method for compound microbial manure Pending CN102951966A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103265341A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-08-28 河北新世纪周天生物科技有限公司 Preparation technology of microorganism-containing nitrogen manure
CN104003824A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-08-27 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for organic broomcorn
CN104003779A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-08-27 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Organic compound fertilizer for rice
CN104016751A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for tea tree
CN104230407A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for organic vegetables
CN104262053A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-07 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special organic fertilizer for tobacco
CN105085090A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-11-25 贵州省烟草公司毕节市公司 Fertilizer suitable for tobacco fields in karst regions and application
CN105272758A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-27 山东郁茏生物科技有限公司 Compound microbiological bacterial manure special for corn and preparation method thereof
CN105272759A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-27 山东郁茏生物科技有限公司 Microorganism composite preparation capable of facilitating plant root development
CN106631552A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 何小宁 Distiller grain bio-organic fertilizer for increasing yield of rhubarb and preparation method thereof
CN107285918A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 英丽华 A kind of biological mixing bacterial manure and its preparation method and application
CN108821863A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-11-16 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of functional biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108863657A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 娄作富 It is a kind of to utilize vinasse and spent wash production bio-organic liquid fertilizer and its method

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103265341B (en) * 2013-06-14 2015-04-01 河北新世纪周天生物科技有限公司 Preparation technology of microorganism-containing nitrogen manure
CN103265341A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-08-28 河北新世纪周天生物科技有限公司 Preparation technology of microorganism-containing nitrogen manure
CN104016751B (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-03-16 遵义粒满丰肥业有限责任公司 A kind of fertilizer special for tea
CN104016751A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for tea tree
CN104003824A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-08-27 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for organic broomcorn
CN104003824B (en) * 2014-06-09 2015-11-25 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 A kind of Organic Sorghum dedicated fertilizer
CN104003779B (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-07-29 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 A kind of organic compound fertilizer for rice material
CN104003779A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-08-27 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Organic compound fertilizer for rice
CN104230407A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for organic vegetables
CN104262053A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-07 贵州万盛源农牧科技发展有限公司 Special organic fertilizer for tobacco
CN104262053B (en) * 2014-09-28 2016-07-06 遵义粒满丰肥业有限责任公司 One grows tobacco special organ fertilizer
CN105085090A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-11-25 贵州省烟草公司毕节市公司 Fertilizer suitable for tobacco fields in karst regions and application
CN105272759A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-27 山东郁茏生物科技有限公司 Microorganism composite preparation capable of facilitating plant root development
CN105272758A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-27 山东郁茏生物科技有限公司 Compound microbiological bacterial manure special for corn and preparation method thereof
CN106631552A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 何小宁 Distiller grain bio-organic fertilizer for increasing yield of rhubarb and preparation method thereof
CN107285918A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 英丽华 A kind of biological mixing bacterial manure and its preparation method and application
CN108821863A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-11-16 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of functional biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108863657A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 娄作富 It is a kind of to utilize vinasse and spent wash production bio-organic liquid fertilizer and its method

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